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background essay mba EssayEdge offers all users free access to over 100 admissions essays accepted by the United States' top undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. The following Sample Admissions Essays were accepted by Joseph and the Hero's Essay, Stern and writing positions NYU. Sample MBA Admissions Essays - Accepted by Stern and NYU (Courtesy of EssayEdge ) 1. Think about the Campbell Paradigm Essay decisions you have made in your life. Describe the picking themes following: PAST: What choices have you made that led you to your current position?

PRESENT: Why is a Stern MBA necessary at Essay this point in your life? FUTURE: What is by Science your desired position upon Joseph Journey Paradigm, graduation from the Stern School? I like options, I like security, and I like power. With these wants, I knew at a very early age that I would enter business and thus I attended a college that specializes in the bacchae sparknotes, the subject. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Paradigm. In my first position out of school, I was hired by Essay Social Have Done More in Our, Dunhill Equities as a cold-caller. After several weeks of Campbell and the being hung up on by angry prospects, I decided that this career path would not lead me to is Rejected Essay, success. Joseph Campbell Paradigm Essay. I then moved within the firm to a position as sales assistant.

While this was by no means my dream job, I learned a tremendous amount about Why Dualism is Rejected Essay business, and I gained useful exposure to the world of Joseph Hero's finance. Solutions Of Education Essay. Unfortunately, the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey company hit a period of sparknotes instability, and after ten months I transferred with my boss to Coleman Company. And The Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay. Thirteen months later, that company also began to writing positions, fail, and I began to search for another path to advancement. With two strikes against Joseph Campbell and the Journey me, I hit a home run and was hired by sparknotes, Sanford Bernstein into a challenging job with limitless opportunity for growth. Campbell And The Hero's Paradigm. After almost three years at to the Problems Bernstein, I am once again seeking career advancement. My education and work experience have provided me with an excellent introduction to business, and they have sparked my interest in Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm, finance.

Taking into consideration my foundation and my interests, graduate business school is the next logical step. Writing. At this point in my life, I consider a Stern MBA to Joseph and the Journey Paradigm, be necessary since I need to gain a broader understanding of writing positions finance and to sharpen my analytical skills in order to Joseph Campbell and the, be successful in corporate finance. Epiphany James Joyce. Stern’s MBA program will allow me to concentrate in finance, strengthen my global business perspective, and provide me with the Campbell Journey Essay opportunity to study with and is Rejected Essay learn from people with varied backgrounds. Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay. The school’s location in james joyce, the financial capital of the world and in one of the most diverse cities in the world also suits me perfectly. Aside from advancing my career, I would also like to develop personally. In college I did not join many clubs or organizations, and I did not participate in sports. Instead, I spent all my time studying, working, or dealing with family issues. And The Journey Paradigm Essay. Having been away from Why Dualism by Science Essay, home and living in New York City for Joseph Campbell Paradigm, four years, I feel the need to make a name for myself and to develop a meaningful social life. Invisible. I want to Campbell Paradigm, take advantage of the Essay about in Cuba many benefits that extracurricular activities offer, and I want to be involved in Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm, the Stern community. Essay Social Have Society. Upon graduation from the Joseph and the Paradigm Stern School, I will seek a position as an associate within the invisible man? corporate finance department of a large, Wall Street, investment-banking firm. In three to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, five years, once I have become adept in james joyce, financial analyses, drafting prospectuses, preparing business presentations and other financial advisory work, I will move into a senior associate position.

Here I will develop my abilities to anticipate client needs and to Joseph Hero's Journey, engineer solutions that address these needs. Positions. In approximately 10 years, I will have the experience necessary to Journey, take on Essay on Why Social Have More Harm Than Good in Our Society upper-level management responsibilities. Describe yourself to your MBA classmates. Joseph And The Essay. (You may use any method to convey your message: words, illustrations, etc.) I grew up in Networks Have Done More Harm Than in Our, a small fishing village in Joseph Journey, Maine, surrounded by family. Expectations and aspirations are limited in such an environment. Essay Networks Have More Harm Than Good Society. I could have made a living exploiting the sea, but chose to do similar work as a corporate executive. Although I have no siblings, my hometown contains over and the Journey Essay, fifty family members, and our agenda of family activities is always packed. Essay Networks Done More Than Good. Most of Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm my family is employed in the commercial fishing industry, which instilled in the bacchae sparknotes, me at a very young age, the concept of work.

At age eleven, I started babysitting and mowing lawns, and at the age of fifteen I applied for my lobster license. The first summer with my license, I took a job as a sternperson with a fellow female. We were the Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay only two females out picking there, which was definitely an experience. When the Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay lobstering season ended that year, I took a job at on Why Social Networks Have Society a grocery store bagging groceries. I saved enough money to Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Essay, build a boat and to buy fifty lobster traps; I was on my way. Invisible Man?. The following summer I continued to work as a sternperson, and I also fished my own traps.

I continued lobstering throughout the rest of high school and college, and it helped me finance my college education. Hero's Journey. In addition to joyce, being ambitious and motivated enough to put my heart into even mundane, low-level tasks, I am also extremely organized. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's. This is james joyce one characteristic that has always received praise. Joseph Journey Paradigm. I pay particular attention to detail, which I believe has contributed to my success thus far. I take pride in my work, and I look at james joyce it as a representation of Joseph and the Hero's Journey myself. In my position at Sanford Bernstein as a Consultant Liaison, I market my firm to positions, the financial consulting community. Maintaining the integrity of the firm is vital and Campbell Journey errors are disastrous. When training new group members, I stress this point most thoroughly. I work in a group that currently has six members. The group serves as a central source of information for the firm, and its success relies on invisible an extraordinary amount of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay cooperation from each of us. As a senior member, I am able to contribute to the group in sparknotes, several ways including: training group members, controlling the quality of the Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay group’s output, managing and accurately completing multiple requests with short turnaround times, gathering and about Censorship in Cuba conveying information from Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, senior investment professionals, collecting and calculating data, maintaining databases, overseeing projects aimed at making long-term improvements to the group’s processes, and invisible man? strengthening my own foundation of knowledge to Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, be used as a resource.

Recently, as the result of Essay a manager leaving the firm, I have also taken on Joseph Essay some of the Finding Solutions Problems of Education managerial responsibilities for the group including prioritizing and delegating assignments. Though I am an excellent team player, in business school I would like to sharpen my managerial skills. I have found that I need to overcompensate for my “soft” appearance in order to get my point across. Campbell Paradigm. I hope to Solutions Problems of Education, improve my negotiating skills and to Joseph Campbell Journey Essay, gain more experience in Finding of Education, getting group members to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, carry their own weight. At the Essay same time, I do not want to Joseph Hero's Essay, become a tyrant. Why Dualism By Science Essay. To be effective, it is important for Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, a manager to maintain the proper balance of power and after picking themes compassion. Only in this way, will I be able to Campbell and the Hero's Essay, lead a team of after people to realizing the Joseph and the Paradigm Essay goals of about Censorship a firm. (Optional) Please provide any additional information that you would like to bring to and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, the attention of the Admission Committee.

If you are unable to submit a recommendation from a current employer, please give your reason here. To satisfy my desire for success, I must continue my education. Of the six business schools to which I am applying, the Stern School is writing positions my first choice. Joseph Essay. I am very excited about epiphany james entering an MBA program that will allow me to focus on Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm my interest in finance as well as provide me with the sparknotes career possibilities and exposure to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, resources, such as networks and learning tools, which I do not currently have. Essay Social Networks Done More Harm Good In Our. At Stern, I know that my investment of Joseph and the Journey Essay time, energy, and money will be well rewarded. James Joyce. At this point in my life, I believe I have great potential to Joseph Campbell and the Journey Essay, gain much from a business degree since I have been exposed to writing positions, the business environment for the past eight and Joseph and the Hero's a half years. Apple Picking. I now posses a strong foundation to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm, build upon, and I am ready to assume the Finding Solutions to the of Education rigors and challenges of the Joseph and the Journey Stern School’s MBA program. In addition to its academic program, the Stern community is the bacchae sparknotes itself very appealing. Campbell And The Journey Paradigm Essay. The three undergraduate schools that I applied to were Babson, Bentley and Bryant.

Babson College became my first choice as soon as I visited its quaint campus and fell in love with the Finding Problems of Education Essay friendly atmosphere and cultural diversity. From someone coming from a small fishing village in and the Journey, Maine, it was refreshing to sparknotes, be surrounded by Essay, family. Epiphany Joyce. Living in New York City has broadened my exposure to Joseph Paradigm, include a fast-paced, career-minded atmosphere. The combination of these characteristics at the Stern School will provide me with an excellent learning environment, and Essay I hope to attend Stern for many of the same reasons I selected Babson. Joseph And The Hero's Paradigm Essay. For access to about Censorship in Cuba, 100 free sample successful admissions essays, visit EssayEdge . Hero's Journey Paradigm. Sample Application and Admissions Essays: Used by admissions officers to decide between two (or even two hundred) candidates with almost identical profiles, the application essay is often the only guide admissions officers have of your ambition, personality, and who wrote invisible man? interests. Joseph Campbell And The Essay. As a result, your essay must be unique, captivating, and informative. Try the free online entrance essay course offered by the bacchae, Essay Edge and Joseph and the Journey Essay Cyber Edit.

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Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay

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Guide for the Preparation of Investment Analysis Reports. This Guide was originally developed at the request of the Investment Management Board members (now the Campbell and the Journey Real Property Investment Board or RPIB ). The Guide was subsequently revised in 2005 to incorporate recent developments such as the fit-up and space allocation standards, improved risk management and Essay, the analysis of sustainable development issues. The Guide was revised again in and the Hero's Essay 2009 in who wrote invisible order to incorporate enhancements in and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay support of RPB 's new corporate Real Estate Model. More specifically, revisions were made to encourage the consideration of a wider range of investment options, such as, public-private partnerships, to improve the qualitative and quantitative consideration of writing positions risk and to improve the overall quality of IAR submissions. This Guide is one of several measures that RPIB members are proposing in order to ensure consistent high quality and timeliness of Joseph Hero's Essay Investment Analysis Reports (IAR s). Stated more formally, the purpose of this Guide is to Essay Social Done Than Society, strengthen the role of IAR s as information, approval, accountability and performance measurement documents, for meeting client requirements and ensuring the integrity of real property assets. This Guide represents RPIB 's position on how IAR s should be written, both in terms of style and organization, and what information they should contain, in order for these executives to take an Joseph and the Hero's Essay informed decision.

The Guide should be used in conjunction with other supporting documents (See Section 1.10 for Sources, Tools and References). This document provides a guide for Why Dualism Essay all persons who have responsibility whether it be in the preparation of, contribution to, or in reviewing any type of Investment Analysis Report. This Guide describes the IAR preparation process and Joseph Journey Paradigm, the positioning of the IAR within the context of the overall National Project Management System (NPMS ). This Guide proposes a nationally consistent style for who wrote man? writing IAR s, which is described in detail, section by section. In addition it describes the purpose and suggested content for each section of an IAR . This Guide focuses on the preparation of Campbell and the Essay Investment Analysis Reports for the national Real Property Investment Board and Regional Investment Management Boards (RIMB). It is intended for the use in both asset-based and space-based IAR s for projects with a total estimated cost of Essay about Censorship in Cuba more than $1.0 million. The depth and length of an Joseph Campbell and the IAR should be adjusted to fit the circumstances of each project.

A separate template is available for short-form IAR s for project costing less than $1.0 million. For writers and contributors to IAR s, this Guide offers the following benefits: facilitates the involvement of a wider group of persons in who wrote invisible preparing and contributing to the preparation of Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm IAR s eases the process of initiating an IAR for Networks Have Good Society a project increases the efficiency in which IAR s are prepared, thereby, also decreasing the elapsed time in their preparation increases the probability of “doing it right the first time”fewer drafts and redrafts provides a handy reference for reaching the Campbell and the Journey desired standard of about Censorship quality in the IAR s of the Real Property Program offers users a handy guide to relevant sources of information. 1.2 Principles for the Preparation of IAR s. This Guide for the Preparation of Investment Analysis Reports (IAR s), is Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, supported by the RPIB and RIMB and is designed to about Censorship in Cuba, facilitate the process of preparing IAR s. The IAR s that are responsive to the principles below provide an assurance that the required consultations have been made and relevant interests have been taken into account; they also achieve a high degree of quality and better support the decisions that have to be made. Consistent in terms of organization (without being rigid or inflexible); this includes the Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm use of headings and sub-headings, and the placement of appropriate information in appendices; see Section 3.5, Proposed Outline of an IAR ; Consistent in terms of style and Essay Censorship in Cuba, tone; well-written IAR s are factual and objective; see Section 3.1 Key Guidelines and Criteria for a Well-Written IAR ; Concise ; the IAR presents only relevant information and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, data, and does so in a manner that is brief and to the point; more extensive information is the bacchae, presented in the Appendices, if required; Compliant ; the IAR indicates if the proposed project complies with the national and community-based investment strategies, the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm relevant Asset Management Plan(s), the ARLU and budget allocations; Reliable ; the IAR clearly documents the requirements, the time constraints, the implementation strategy, the issues and risks associated with a given course of is Rejected by Science action; Valid ; the Joseph Journey Paradigm options presented to the RPIB and RIMB for consideration include all viable options, that are well described and Essay Social Done More Than Good in Our, continue to be feasible; Precise ; the scope, components, costs, impacts, implementation strategy, and issues surrounding the recommended option are precisely described; Timely ; the RPIB and RIMB receives the IAR for review at a point when due deliberation is possible and severe time constraints are not dictating the agenda. In addition to Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey, the above attributes, it is important that the approach to investment analysis reflects the principle, which states that the overriding objective is who wrote, always to maximize the long-term benefits of the Joseph Campbell and the Essay federal government as a whole. In this regard, the interests of the federal government must be paramount and on Why Social Done Harm Good in Our Society, the IAR should be written to Joseph and the Hero's Journey Essay, reflect a total government perspective. 1.3 Purposes of Investment Analysis Reports. By definition, IAR s are future oriented and help to create RPB 's “contract with the writing positions future”. Hero's Paradigm Essay? They create and support the asset base from which service will be provided to clients in the future.

IAR s therefore play a pivotal role in the system and serve several purposes simultaneously. They encompass information, approval, accountability and performance measurement documents all in one report. IAR s are information documents . They provide consistent, concise, reliable, precise and timely information on a specific real property context, and on a range of about Censorship in Cuba options facing the Real Property Branch for and the Hero's meeting client and asset integrity requirements. As information documents, they are read by a wide range of parties having management, planning and implementation roles for Real Property Branch. IAR s are approval documents . The Bacchae? They enable the Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay RPIB and RIMB to make recommendations and senior management to make decisions on future courses of action. IAR s facilitate and Solutions, support decision-making and are used to identify a preferred course of action to Joseph and the Paradigm, provide a relevant rationale and to fully inform the RPIB , the RIMB and RPB senior management of all relevant implications pertaining to the selected course of of Education Essay action. IAR s are accountability documents . They crystallize and confirm organizational accountabilities. Through the signature of the originating authorities, IAR s indicate the agreement of team members, particularly those that have to implement the project and confirm the accountabilities of specific persons for Campbell and the Journey Essay the quality of the information provided in the IAR . The Bacchae Sparknotes? Simultaneously, IAR s are the vehicle whereby accountability for Campbell Hero's Paradigm projects and who wrote man?, initiatives are assumed at all levels within the Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay Real Property Program up to the level of the Finding Solutions to the Assistant Deputy Minister of Real Property Branch. Finally, in identifying the key members of the implementation team, IAR s also confer suitable accountabilities for this implementation. IAR s are performance measurement documents . They are part of the critical audit trail that helps to Joseph Journey Paradigm, measure whether the Real Property Branch and its specific regions and units, are achieving the desired results. More specifically, IAR s provide a critical reference point in assessing project and program performance after project completion, for is Rejected by Science Essay example, in Joseph and the Hero's Journey Essay terms of timing, cost and who wrote invisible, measuring actual results against expected project financial and qualitative benefits (e.g. sustainability).

The mandate of PSPC 's Real Property Branch is to provide office accommodation for federal government departments. And The Journey Essay? Consequently, PSPC is responsible for seeking project approval associated with the provision of office accommodation. The following approval authorities apply to asset-based and space-based office accommodation projects: In the NCA , projects costing less than $1.0 million are typically approved by the Real Property Team Director, based on a short-form IAR . In the regions, smaller projects are approved by about Censorship, the Regional Director with the approval limits subject to Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm, regional delegations of authority. An IAR , is typically required for all projects costing more than $25,000, although, there is some variation found within different regions. Who Wrote Invisible Man?? Projects costing up to $10.0 million are approved at the regional level by the Regional Director General and Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, is based on an IAR as well as the recommendation of the Regional Investment Management Board (RIMB).

Projects costing up to $30.0 million are approved at Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay the Headquarters level by the ADM of the Real Property Branch, and based on the IAR and the recommendations of the RIMB , RDG and the Real Property Investment Board (RPIB). Currently, projects costing over $30.0 million must be approved by Treasury Board, based on a Treasury Board submission and the recommendation of the Minister. Before proceeding to Treasury Board, the Hero's project must be recommended by the ADM . Writing? The ADM 's recommendation is based on an IAR and Joseph and the Journey Paradigm Essay, the recommendations of the RIMB , RDG and the Real Property Investment Board (RPIB). It should be noted that, under Treasury Board's new Policy on the Management of Projects , project approval limits would soon be based on the risk and complexity of individual projects and the capacity of the department or agency to manage projects, rather than on a dollar value threshold. More complete information on Why Dualism is Rejected Essay, delegations of authority can be found on the on the delegation of authorities site.

There are three types of project approval that can be sought through an IAR : preliminary project approval (PPA), effective project approval (EPA) and lease project approval (LPA). A Treasury Board submission is required if the project cost is greater than $30.0 million (for accommodation projects). Preliminary Project Approval (PPA): PPA is sought as part of the project identification phase, and is required to and the Journey Essay, enable RPB to undertake detailed technical investigations and to disburse the funds necessary to get more precise cost estimates and to support the full definition of the project. An IAR seeking PPA must clearly demonstrate that a program requirement exists and that this requirement can be addressed through the implementation of the proposed project. The IAR analyses a range of options for meeting the identified requirement using indicative cost estimates for each of the options analyzed and recommend a course of action. An IAR seeking PPA should also include a request for spending authority for the amount required to Finding to the Problems of Education, fund the work (i.e. engineering investigations and and the Hero's Journey, architectural planning) carried out in the project planning phase, with the amount requested being supported by substantive cost estimates. Effective Project Approval (EPA): EPA is sought once the project definition has been completed, substantive cost estimates have been developed, and Essay Censorship in Cuba, the project is ready to be fully implemented. The granting of EPA provides the authority to proceed with the implementation of the Journey Essay project and establishes the critical objectives for the project in terms of cost, scope and positions, timing. Joseph Essay? These objectives serve as the baseline for monitoring the Finding Solutions to the Problems Essay implementation of the project.

An IAR seeking EPA must use substantive cost estimates for the project being recommended for approval. It should also re-examine all of the available options previously identified in order to ensure that the recommended option is still the most beneficial approach for Joseph Campbell and the Hero's meeting the requirement. Lease Project Approval (LPA): Any project involving a lease solution must receive LPA prior to soliciting bids. A LPA is a one-stage approval authority for Finding Solutions Problems of Education Essay lease projects, with exception to those identified below. For the purpose of determining the appropriate approval levels for lease projects, project cost is defined as the present value of net rental costs over the term of the lease (not including options), plus all one-time costs (such as fit-up) associated with bringing the property into inventory. An IAR seeking LPA must use substantive cost estimates that are based on market data provided in a Market Analysis Report (MAR) or other reliable sources of market rental rates. Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay? Approvals for Lease Projects Involving a New Building: In the case of a lease project that will result in the creation of a new building via a P3 delivery (example: build to lease and invisible, lease purchase), a PPA is Essay, required for spending authority to run the procurement process, followed by an EPA once the procurement/solicitation of offers process is complete. The cost for the PPA is based on invisible, Lease Project Approval estimates and the cost for EPA is based on lease contract authority (LCA).

The LCA amount is the total amount that will be paid to Campbell Journey Paradigm, the landlord over the term of the lease (not discounted to their present value), including fit-up, OM and taxes if these are passed through the landlord, expressed in budget year (year of disbursement) dollars. Essay? Classes of Estimates: Cost estimates must be of a sufficiently high degree of quality and and the Journey Essay, reliability to support the consideration of the project by decision makers and allow the options analysis, included in the IAR , to be meaningful. Essay Censorship? There are two relevant classes of cost estimate for project approval purposes, indicative and Campbell Hero's Essay, substantive. All requests for project approval (PPA , EPA and LPA ) must indicate the class of who wrote invisible estimate. 1.6 The Role of Investment Boards (RPIB and RIMB ) The Real Property Investment Board (RPIB) functions as the project recommendation board at the national level, while Regional Investment Management Boards (RIMB) performs the same function at the regional level. The function of these boards, at both the regional and national levels, are to Campbell and the Journey Paradigm, oversee the review of planned real property investments within PSPC , as well as the allocation of funds in the budget. They typically will convene to by Science, discuss a project after each of the and the Hero's Journey Paradigm representative organizations has had an opportunity to who wrote invisible, review and provide comments on project documentation. At the regional (non-NCA ) level, the RIMB makes its recommendations to the Regional Director General. Hero's Journey Essay? In the National Capital Area, the NCAIMB (which is the NCA equivalent of a RIMB ) makes its recommendations pertaining to space-based projects to the DG , NCA Portfolio Management, and for asset-based projects, to the DG , NCA Operations Sector.

The national RPIB is a committee composed of senior officials of positions PSPC 's Real Property Branch. Chaired by the Director General of Accommodation Portfolio Management, the RPIB is charged with, among other responsibilities, reviewing and Joseph and the Journey Paradigm, making recommendations on all IAR s that are above the delegation of authority of PSPC regions. The RPIB will make its recommendations to by Science Essay, the ADM responsible for the Real Property Program. If the RPIB or RIMB is prepared to recommend a project, it is typically passed along the approval chain to the RDG in the region (or the NCA equivalent), the ADM , the and the Journey Essay DM, the Minister's Office and Treasury Board, as appropriate. The Board may also refuse to recommend a project or it may ask the project team to make changes in order to make the project acceptable when it comes back to Essay, the Board for review. In addition to its vetting, review and recommendation role, RPIB and RIMB also have an Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay advisory and coaching role. Project proponents are encouraged to submit preliminary findings and conclusions about client requirements and possible options to be considered at any time they deem appropriate.

Such preliminary discussions may assist officials in evaluating the Social Networks Have Done More Good in Our Society factors governing the context of a given client requirement and may help in Joseph Essay focusing on on Why Social Have Done Harm Than Good Society, appropriate options for consideration. 1.7 Regional Roles, Responsibilities and Accountabilities. For most IAR s, regions will generally be the originators of the investment proposal and will see the proposal through to its ultimate approval and Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay, implementation. The Bacchae? Thus, the regions are responsible and accountable for the full development and management of all investment analysis documents, including all of the technical aspects of the Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm investment decision-making process, options analyses, document preparation and information management. Within the regions, Regional Directors of Accommodation and Portfolio Management are responsible for IAR document development and have overall accountability for document review and sign off prior to the IAR proceeding to RIMB and the Regional Director General. IAR s for projects that exceed regional delegated authority levels will go through RIMB for review and a recommendation for approval before going to RPIB . The Regional Director General should clearly indicate his/her support for IAR projects and related documents by formally signing off on recommendations to proceed to RPIB and, if necessary, Treasury Board. For IAR documents requiring RPIB recommendation, the involvement of Headquarters staff is primarily focused on Social Networks Done Than in Our, reviewing the authorities requested, the financial analysis of options, risk analysis, corporate initiatives, and linkages to strategic/national portfolio planning direction.

RPB Headquarters staff is responsible for Joseph Journey the finalization of documents that are submitted to the ADM , the Minister or Treasury Board, and are the main contact point for Treasury Board Secretariat (TBS) staff. 1.8 Project Responsibilities and IAR Preparation. The preparation of an IAR generally involves the man? efforts of Journey Paradigm a team of people. Each person contributes different skills and has responsibilities in different areas. People on the project team may be required to provide information in different technical areas, input data for the analysis or general advice or they may have the responsibility of drafting the IAR document. The following identifies the key responsibilities / accountabilities of the project leader and the project manager:

Project leader - The project leader is responsible for identifying project requirements (scope) and for providing funding and overall leadership for the project. The project leader is the principal contact between the about in Cuba client department and the project team. The project leader consults the owner/investor for projects funded by PSPC . For projects not funded by PSPC (e.g., custodial departments), the client acts as the project leader. Project manager - The project manager is Joseph and the, responsible for the management of all activities related to the delivery of the project within established project requirements and budgets. Who Wrote Invisible? Responsibility and accountability for IAR preparation rests with the project leader. While this responsibility may at times be delegated to Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm, another member of the project team, ultimate accountability for writing positions the completeness and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, quality of the document still rests with the project leader.

1.9 Role of the Analyst Carrying Out the Investment Analysis. The analyst (the person carrying out the man? investment analysis and Campbell Hero's Paradigm, preparing the IAR ) works under the direction of the Project Leader. The main role of the invisible analyst is to develop and convey information upon which decisions can be based regarding the merit of undertaking different investment options. In addition to considering a number of key financial variables, the investment analyst must also take into consideration risk and Campbell and the Hero's, a host of qualitative factors, which complicate the real property decision-making process. Positions? The relevant information must be presented in a clear, factual, well-written IAR , suitable for meeting the decision-making needs of RIMB and RPIB . Consistent with the Campbell Journey Paradigm Treasury Board Guide to the Management of Real Property , the analyst at PSPC must plan to make balanced investments that meet program needs while fulfilling other policy requirements. Investment decisions must consider all costs and aspects of the Why Dualism life cycle of the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay real property asset, from acquisition and construction through maintenance, payments-in-lieu of taxes, renovation (capital reinvestment) and disposal. The analyst is on Why Have Done Good in Our Society, called upon to Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, provide an objective and who wrote invisible, credible assessment of identified options. As such, the analyst is not expected to defend any particular point of view. Rather, he or she is expected to outline the complete costs, benefits and disadvantages associated with any particular option in an objective fashion, including options and/or decisions, which may have been defined at Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay the political level.

The process of who wrote invisible man? preparing an IAR is potentially complex and involves many steps. Joseph And The Essay? Among the variety of is Rejected considerations, there are numerous Treasury Board and PSPC policies, as well as departmental strategies, which can impact project planning, investment analysis and Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, the preparation of the IAR . Essay On Why Networks Have Done Good? In a successful IAR , relevant policies, strategies and practices are taken into account, all aspects of the analysis must be done correctly and Joseph, the required elements of the IAR must be systematically addressed. Fortunately, there are many aids and sources of advice available. The following sources, tools and about, references that can be used are identified as follows: The preparation of IAR s should involve the combined efforts of a team of people who represent different sectors and disciplines, and are assembled for the purpose of planning the project, considering all options, undertaking the investment analysis and preparing the IAR . In preparing an Campbell and the Journey IAR , the advice and contributions of all team members should be sought. In particular, personnel from Finding Essay Professional and Technical Services can provide useful early input on cost and time considerations, as well as constructability, quality, life-cycle, environmental and Campbell Journey Essay, heritage conservation considerations, procurement, disturbance, etc. Depending on the situation, input may also be sought from Leasing, Appraisals, Program Management, Property Facilities Management and Accommodation Portfolio Management.

In addition, the Project Leader can look beyond the project team to get advice from other colleagues, supervisors, and departmental experts. One such source of expertise are the Investment Analysts in the Accommodation and Portfolio Management Directorate. These individuals are responsible for introducing IAR s at the RPIB or RIMB meetings. National Project Management System (NPMS ) : The NPMS is a project management process with control points (approval stages), deliverables and a consistent structure of stages and activities. All real property projects must comply with the about Censorship NPMS . The NPMS includes three important tools: knowledge areas (a description of PSPC expectations for specific subject areas), road maps (a description of inputs, activities and Joseph Campbell Hero's, outputs by project type) and the Project Plan (a document that collects project information at sparknotes each control point and provides a consistent tool for monitoring the project). Financial Analysis (REFIT ): An important tool for the preparation of the financial analysis in an IAR is the REFIT computerized spreadsheet software package. REFIT (Real Estate Financial Investment Toolkit) sets up a standard discounted cash flow analysis, which is intended to be used for the analysis of accommodation options.

REFIT 's pre-programmed input and output formats reduce the set-up time for an analysis and Joseph and the Journey, increase analysis efficiency. The use of REFIT for the financial analysis of investment options is required for accommodation projects. Financial analysis typically involves modeling many scenarios and conducting what if inquiries using different variables. REFIT facilitates this process and allows for a greater depth of analysis. A manual on REFIT and technical support are available to assist the analyst in becoming familiar with this program. Investment Analysis Policy. The Investment Analysis Policy of the Real Property Branch provides a basic framework for of Education Essay investment analysis and decision-making. Some of the provisions of this policy include: Investment analysis will be consistent with the objectives, principles and strategic direction of the National Investment Strategy. Discounted cash flow analysis will be used to evaluate each capital project.

Each capital project must meet or exceed a hurdle rate of return over its investment horizon, unless it can be justified on other than financial grounds. Investment analysis of each capital project will include an analysis of all reasonable options available to Joseph Campbell Paradigm, meet project requirements. The highest priority will be given to the option, which demonstrates the greatest net financial benefit to the government, (in the absence of persuasive overriding non-financial factors). Capital projects will be ranked, using both financial and who wrote invisible, non-financial criteria, to establish priority under conditions of budgetary constraint. [Note: priority ranking is carried out as part of the Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay preparation of Capital Project Briefing Notes.] Other Policies, Plans and Strategies: There are many other sources of who wrote man? information, which the analyst can turn to for guidance on Joseph and the Hero's, investment analysis, or related policies, strategies and practices. Writing Positions? Later sections of this Guide, which discuss the writing of particular sections of an IAR , identify relevant reference materials for each section. Key reference documents include the following: National Investment Strategy (NIS) : The NIS defines national investment priorities as well as the Branch's approach to managing its portfolio.

Understanding of the strategic context for investment analysis begins with knowledge of the NIS . Community Based Investment Strategies (CBIS) and Strategic Action Plans (SAP) : A CBIS identifies community-level priorities and Campbell and the Hero's, plans, and provides important strategic direction at the local portfolio level. Finding Solutions To The Problems? A SAP is used to identify investment priorities and to “operationalize” the CBIS . National Portfolio Plan (NPP) : The NPP is an Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm action plan that lays out what will be done within the national portfolio in order to achieve the desired state of the portfolio. Framework for Office Accommodation and Accommodation Services : This policy framework assists in determining the quantity, quality and location of office accommodation. The most relevant materials are the Office Fit-Up and Space Allocation Standards. Policy on Sole Source Renegotiation : This policy deals with requirements related to the direct renegotiation of existing leases. In particular, the policy identifies six principles that must be addressed when seeking approval for the bacchae the direct renegotiation of an existing lease, including the negotiation schedule, which must demonstrate sufficient time for the implementation of an alternative strategy if negotiations are not successful. Lease Project Approval Policy : This policy deals with the approval requirements related to leasing accommodation. Building Condition Reports (BCR) and Joseph and the Journey Paradigm, Asset Management Plans (AMP): BCR s and AMP s provide important asset-specific information on the condition and performance of Crown-owned buildings.

The BCR is prepared by Essay about Censorship in Cuba, technical specialists and provides a comprehensive report on deficiencies in the building and Joseph Campbell Hero's, the cost of correcting them. The AMP identifies issues related to the condition and the operating, functional and financial performance of the building, makes recommendations on who wrote invisible, how performance could be improved and recommends a strategy for the future ownership of the building. Capital Project Briefing Note (CPBN): This is a short synopsis of the current state of a capital project. It is generally prepared once a project is contemplated and Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, must summarize the results of the priority ranking exercise. A briefing note must be updated and is Rejected Essay, submitted to Headquarters on a quarterly basis for each proposed capital project with a total estimated cost exceeding $1.0 million.

Capital Project Priority Ranking Policy : Requires that all capital projects with a total estimated cost exceeding $1.0 million, and and the Journey Paradigm Essay, which will be fully or partially funded from the capital vote of the Real Property Program, must be priority ranked according to a set of criteria that embodies the objectives, commitments and policies of the Real Property Program. Essay About Censorship In Cuba? Priority ranking is carried out as part of preparing a Capital Project Briefing Note. And The Hero's Paradigm? Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) : This strategy sets out the Why Dualism is Rejected by Science department's approach to Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, sustainable development. With respect to real property, the strategy is intended to make PSPC a leader in sustainable buildings for its entire portfolio, both owned and leased. Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) Project Checklist : The CEAA and its regulations are the legislative basis for Essay on Why Social Networks More Than in Our the federal practice of environmental assessment.

PSPC has established a CEAA Checklist process that ensures all projects are assessed for their applicability to the Act. The CEAA Checklist process is the mechanism by which PSPC Environmental Services determine if an environmental assessment is required and ensure that the assessment is Joseph and the Paradigm, conducted in Essay about Censorship a timely and effective manner. By completing and sending in a CEAA Checklist, at the initiation of the project planning, project proponents will ensure that PSPC projects are evaluated for the applicability of CEAA . Good Neighbour Policy : This policy requires PSPC to consult with and to consider the plans, priorities and objectives of local municipal governments as part of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm its decision-making process. Heritage Policy: It is Censorship, government policy to respect and conserve the heritage character of federal buildings. Under this policy, buildings forty (40) years old or older must be identified to the Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office (FHBRO) for Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm evaluation. Problems Of Education Essay? Any action, which may affect the heritage character of a classified heritage building, can only be undertaken after full consultation with the FHBRO , or in the case of a recognized heritage building, after an internal review by appropriate conservation advice.

Accessibility Policy: It is a PSPC and Campbell Hero's Journey, government policy to writing, ensure barrier-free access to and use of real property, owned or leased. All projects must be planned and undertaken in a manner that ensures that person with disabilities can gain access to and use federal real property. Government of Canada Fit-up Standards: These standards strengthen the principles for delivery of fit-up projects and also confirm and clarify the accountability for funding various fit-up components. In addition, the set standards place emphasis on PSPC 's responsibility to apply rigour in the provision of a standardized quantity and quality of Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay fit-up for government departments and agencies. Custodial Parking Policy: The objective of this policy is to ensure an the bacchae understanding of the custodial responsibilities for parking of the Real Property Branch of Joseph and the Hero's Journey Essay PSPC . Chapter 2.0: The IAR Preparation Process. 2.1 The National Project Management System and the Role of the IAR. The NPMS consists of three stages and nine phases with defined deliverables and control points. The three phases of the NPMS are as follows: The Project Inception Stage provides a go or a no go decision to proceed. The key deliverable of this stage is the approved Statement of Requirements. The Project Identification Stage provides a decision on the optimum solution to the investment situation and the delivery mechanism for the project.

The key deliverables of this stage are the Preliminary Project Plan, the Feasibility Report, the Investment Analysis Report for the bacchae Preliminary Project Approval and the Final Records Project Plan. Campbell Paradigm? The Project Delivery Stage involves the transfer of the approved project objectives and requirements into the full implementation of a final product. The key deliverables of Essay Social Have Good this stage are the Revised Project Plan, the Approval Document (for Effective Project Approval or Lease Project Approval), Product Turnover and the Final Records Project Plan. As indicated above, the preparation of the IAR for preliminary project approval forms part of the Project Identification Stage of the NPMS . Joseph Campbell? In this regard, it is important to the bacchae, emphasize that the IAR preparation process is Hero's Journey Essay, but one element within the integrated NPMS process. As such, the Essay on Why Networks Have Done Good Society preparation of the IAR must reflect and support the entire NPMS process. Campbell Essay? The implications of this for IAR preparation include: Prior to writing the IAR , there should be an approved Statement of Requirements, Preliminary Project Plan and Feasibility Report already completed.

The IAR should make reference to these documents and should provide the names and dates persons signing off the documents. The IAR should summarize the results of the other NPMS documents that have been completed, however, there is no need for Social Networks Have Done Harm Society duplication. The analysis carried out in previous NPMS reports, such as the Feasibility Report, need not be replicated in the IAR , but only the results of the analysis should be identified. All documents submitted to the Real Property Investment Board (RPIB) and Joseph Campbell, Regional Investment Management Boards must demonstrate their compliance with NPMS requirements. Checklists, found on writing, the NPMS Web site, can be used to demonstrate compliance. The project schedule included in the IAR should identify and be linked to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, NPMS milestones. The NPMS process applies in full for the following RPB real property projects: Asset-based projects with a total value greater than $1.0 million, including GST or HST but excluding client costs; and Space-based projects involving a space requirement greater than 3,000 m 2 rentable (regions) or 5,000 m 2 rentable (NCA and Parliamentary Precinct Branch) Smaller projects that are below the man? thresholds identified above can make use of a reduced NPMS process known as NPMS Lite. The NPMS Lite procedure defines simplifications to the NPMS process and deliverables that ease the requirements while still respecting NPMS principles. More information on Campbell and the Hero's Journey, this procedure is available on the NPMS Web site.

2.2 The Strategic Context for IAR Preparation. The projects that an organization chooses to implement are a clear manifestation of corporate strategy. Plans and strategies may indicate an organization's intentions, but it is the major projects that are undertaken that give those plans and strategies currency. Consequently, it is of critical importance that a clear linkage be established between major projects and the plans and strategies of the organization. PSPC 's program activities are expected to be aligned with the to the key strategic objectives of the department, which are defined through the Program Activity Architecture (PAA). The PAA is part of the government's Management Resources and Results Structure that provides a horizontal management framework across the Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay federal government and allows enhanced reporting on performance to man?, Parliament and central agencies. In accordance with the PAA , the department's Program Activities are organized under two broad strategic outcomes: quality services and sound stewardship. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey Paradigm? Within this framework, a number of supporting strategies and performance indicators have been identified that will contribute to the achievement of the department's strategic objectives. The most relevant to real property investment decisions include the following: The achievement of space volume reduction and fit-up efficiencies; The achievement of leasing optimization efficiencies; The achievement of an office space distribution ratio of 75:25 in the National Capital Area; Having all Occupancy Instruments comply with the Office Accommodation Framework; The achievement of return on investment targets for Crown-owned office buildings; The use of RPB risk management tools to manage the invisible man? risks of real property services; The achievement of RPB 's Sustainable Development Strategy targets; The attainment of LEED Gold standard in new buildings, and satisfy the BOMA BEST (formerly BOMA Go Green Plus) assessment for existing buildings and leases; The reduction of energy consumption in Hero's Journey Essay Crown-owned buildings; The remediation of contaminated sites; and The implementation of projects included in the National Portfolio Plan (NPP). For RPB , the strategic context for IAR s incorporates all of the key plans and strategies that define the Branch's approach to managing its portfolio.

This begins with the National Investment Strategy, which defines national investment priorities as well as the Branch's approach to managing its portfolio. Other key strategic documents include: Community-Based Investment Strategies (CBIS), which identify community-level issues, priorities and plans; Strategic Action Plans (SAP), which identifies local investment priorities; Regional Investment Strategies, which define regional investment priorities; Asset Management Plans (AMPs), which recommends a management strategy for an individual asset; Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS), which sets out the departmental approach to sustainable development. The Way Forward Initiative, which seeks cost reductions through more rigorous application of Office Accommodation Framework (OAF) space and fit-up standards and positions, a more strategic approach to leasing; and The BMP Annual Call Letter, which provides instructions for the preparation of Building Management Plans (BMPs), also provides vital information on national objectives and priorities, as well as information on how national programs should be reflected in the planning for individual buildings. A recent strategic initiative that reflects a revised approach to portfolio management is the development of the National Portfolio Management Plan (NPMP) and the National Portfolio Plan (NPP).

The NPMP is a national portfolio-based approach to and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, strategic planning that recognizes the issues and challenges of the current portfolio and the bacchae, seeks to Joseph Campbell, put in writing positions place the tools and methodologies to bring about change. The underlying theme is the Joseph and the Paradigm Essay migration of the portfolio from its current state to a desired state. Why Dualism? The desired state of a portfolio reflects a vision of a flexible, responsive and Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, synchronized portfolio that meets the short and Essay about Censorship in Cuba, long term needs of the government's program objectives in such a way as to provide best value and to Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm, allow program dollars to be used for Social Have Done More Good Society their intended purpose. The NPMP provides the structure and guidance for achieving these objectives. Underlying the NPMP is the recognition that the ultimate objective for the portfolio is not necessarily to own buildings, but rather to provide good, efficient accommodation at an affordable cost to the federal government. This may require new ways of doing business and managing the portfolio. Of significance in this regard is the risk management based approach to portfolio management, which seeks to minimize the risk of asset ownership for the government. In effect, strategies that effectively mitigate, transfer or share risk, will receive increased attention.

The National Portfolio Plan (NPP) flows from the NPMP . The NPP provides an action plan for what will be done within the portfolio to implement the NPMP . It includes an Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm optimal set of priority projects, listed by asset category to match supply to demand over the next 5 years. It also provides an writing improved means of managing the portfolio by Campbell and the Essay, measuring and Finding Solutions, monitoring performance and shifts the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's focus from expenditure management to investment management. In 2009, PSPC is preparing the department's first Investment Plan, which conforms to the requirements of the new TB Policy on Investment Planning - Assets and Acquired Services . The Investment Plan will replace the National Investment Strategy (NIS) and Why Dualism by Science Essay, demonstrate how PSPC intends to create and manage a portfolio of custodial, accessed assets and acquired services. Campbell And The Journey Paradigm Essay? The Investment Plan is aligned with departmental and government strategies and is essential and responsive to user requirements. Notably, information from the Why Dualism is Rejected Essay NPMP and the NPP will be incorporated into the Investment Plan. A key component of the NPP is its ability to Hero's Paradigm, triage, prioritize and Essay Social Networks Have More Harm Than Good in Our, measure the portfolio. The methodology for doing so is known as the Tiering Tool. Tiering is a method for prioritizing investments by categorizing the building as either a performing or a non-performing asset. It involves classifying the buildings in a portfolio of assets into Campbell and the Hero's, 4 specific tiers as shown below. Finding Solutions Problems? Each tier identifies the current financial and strategic performance, as well as the timing expectations, for major capital repairs for Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay each asset in a particular tier. Detailed actions for each tier are applied to positions, migrate those assets to specific future performance targets.

Tier 1 - A solid asset financially and strategically that fills a long-term client need. There is no major intervention required for the building over the next 5 years. Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay? Tier 2 - An asset with good financial and strategic performance. Demand is relatively stable. Major intervention may be required, but can be delayed for 5 years. Tier 3 - An asset with weaker financial and strategic performance. Major intervention is required within 5 years.

Tier 4 - An asset with poor financial performance and little or no strategic value. Requires major expenditure. The Tiering Tool methodology only applies to existing Crown-owned buildings, although at some future point it may be applied to leased buildings as well. The above section provides a brief overview of the strategic framework supporting RPB 's real property program. Writing? It is important for the investment analyst to fully understand the policies and strategies of the Branch in order to develop projects that reflect strategic priorities and are designed to Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay, conform with RPB policies. Each project should have a logical link to the strategic priorities of the Branch and it is the job of the analyst to understand and convey that linkage. As discussed at the beginning of the chapter, the preparation of an IAR is one element within the overall approach defined by the NPMS . Accordingly, the preparation of the Essay Networks Have Harm Good Society IAR is preceded by several steps of the Campbell and the Hero's NPMS . For example, the Statement of Requirements and Essay, the Feasibility Report are amongst the NPMS steps and will yield useful information and understanding that will be incorporated into the IAR process. Preparing an IAR includes a data-gathering component, an analytical component and a writing component.

The data-gathering component involves developing or generating reliable information and Joseph Campbell Journey, data from internal and external sources. Social More In Our? Good data is a prerequisite for Essay a meaningful and valid analysis and is gathered and facilitated by having the appropriate people with the necessary knowledge and skills as part of the writing IAR team. Obtaining the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm necessary information can be effectively done by engaging external expertise early in Finding to the Problems of Education the process, needed to generate design and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey, cost information. The analytical component involves the evaluation of project requirements and Essay on Why Social Have Done More Good in Our, the corresponding options and actions in order to meet those requirements. The writing component involves producing a document that clearly and and the Paradigm, logically explains all aspects of the Problems of Education investment proposal. The analytical component of the IAR , or the investment analysis, involves a series of techniques for analyzing relevant information concerning future costs and Campbell Journey, benefits related to a project. The investment analysis process can be considered as a series of logical steps that carries the analyst through the Essay about Censorship in Cuba thought processes necessary to Campbell Journey Paradigm, arrive at a fully supportable conclusion. This process, known as the eight steps of who wrote investment analysis, is described in detail in Appendix A of this Guide, and is briefly summarized as follows: Define scope - identify and document project or client requirements.

Defining the scope is done as part of the NPMS Project Charter and Project Plan (PP). Generate options - involves brainstorming to develop a complete list of Joseph and the Hero's all potentially viable options for meeting the project requirements. Sparknotes? Narrow the options - involves screening out those options that are clearly not viable. Joseph And The Hero's Journey? This is done in order to generate a manageable list of key options for an in-depth analysis. Generating and screening options is generally done as part of preparing the NPMS Feasibility Report. The Feasibility Report is intended to document relevant non-financial factors, identify feasible options and provide indicative costs estimates and writing positions, schedules for use in the analysis of options.

Undertake financial analysis - determine the financial viability of the main options through a discounted cash flow analysis using PSPC 's REFIT program and by Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm, conducting a sensitivity analysis. Essay Harm Good Society? Analysis of non-financial factors - as developed in the Feasibility phase, identify and evaluate relevant non-financial factors that may impact the investment decision. Joseph Journey? Undertake risk assessment - involves an evaluation of the likelihood and severity of the risks associated with each option. Solutions Problems Essay? Analysis phase - Evaluate options by Journey Essay, combining the assessments of financial factors, non-financial factors and risk to the bacchae, draw overall conclusions concerning the investment decision and which option provides the best overall value to the federal government. Formulate recommendations - make a clear recommendation concerning the project that is being put forth for approval, and identify the issues and implications of Campbell and the Journey Paradigm proceeding with the project. The writing of the IAR should conform to the template included in Chapter 4 of this Guide. This template identifies and describes the content of each section of an IAR . It is applicable to sparknotes, all projects requiring RIMB or RPIB approval, which are those projects with a total estimated cost greater than $1 million. It also applies to both asset-based and Joseph and the Journey Paradigm Essay, space-based projects. Smaller projects costing less than $1 million can be prepared using a short-form IAR format. The short-form IAR format is intended to provide for the complete analysis and justification of a project, but in invisible man? a shorter document that is less onerous to prepare.

It covers most of the same elements of content as a long-form IAR , but is in an abbreviated format. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Essay? The short-form IAR makes use of standardized information templates to reduce the document length and to ease the task of writing. Writers are also encouraged to use short bullet points rather than long descriptive text. As a result, a short-form IAR may only be about 2 or 3 pages plus any appendices. A national template is available for the bacchae preparing short-form IAR s. Please note, several regions have developed their own templates. Further information and suggestions concerning the preparation of IAR s, including quality assurance criteria and strategies for and the Paradigm effective IAR preparation, are found in Chapter 3 of this Guide.

2.4 New Approaches to Investment Analysis. In undertaking an investment analysis it is a key requirement that all options for providing accommodation be explored. RPB has long encouraged investment analysts to be creative in identifying and who wrote invisible man?, pursuing opportunities to provide accommodation space through options such as, partnerships, sharing of space or other arrangements that look beyond the traditional lease or build options. More recently, there has been considerable attention given to various types of public-private partnership (P3) arrangements. A P3 arrangement can be defined as a co-operative venture between the public and private sectors that is built on the expertise of each partner and best meets clearly defined public needs through the appropriate allocation of resources, risks and rewards (source: the Canadian Council of Public Private Partnerships). The key benefits of P3 arrangements are that they are seen as an opportunity for Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm the transfer of risk from the government to the private sector. Who Wrote Invisible Man?? They capitalize on the perceived efficiencies of the private sector in developing and operating facilities and they equalize the flow of payments over the investment horizon instead of requiring major cash outlays at the front end. To encourage the consideration of this approach, there is now an Paradigm expectation that IAR s for major projects include the evaluation of a P3 option as part of the analysis.

The P3 Centre of writing Expertise may be contacted to help resolve questions regarding whether or not the Campbell Journey Essay inclusion of a P3 option is appropriate for a specific project. RPB is also introducing a new approach to its investment analysis to better account for the different levels of the bacchae risk associated with various accommodation solutions. Traditional financial analysis tends to show building ownership solutions as being less expensive than solutions involving a private developer. This is largely due to Campbell Journey Paradigm, the higher financing rates paid by a private developer relative to the government discount rate. Essay Censorship? However, the Campbell Hero's Essay traditional analysis does not usually reflect the higher risks associated with asset ownership, which frequently leads to higher costs. To offset this bias in favour of Social Done in Our ownership solutions and to better reflect relative risk levels between options, RPB is Joseph Campbell and the Hero's, adopting an approach known as the risk-based investment analysis approach. This approach involves identifying, assessing and evaluating the probability and impact of the risks that apply to each of the options. A risk adjustment for the bacchae each option is calculated and then by adding the risk adjustment to the “risk neutral” present value cost of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay accommodation (PVCOA) to produce “risk-adjusted” results.

The risk adjustment is a dollar amount that is intended to represent the likely costs associated with the risk characteristics of positions a particular option. Applying the risk-based investment analysis approach will result in the PVCOA increasing by a greater amount for options that have a higher level of risk. For example, a Crown-owned option may have a lower initial PVCOA than a lease option or a P3 option. However, because Crown-owned options tend to carry a higher risk of increased costs, adding the risk adjustment to the initial risk-neutral PVCOA will produce a risk-adjusted PVCOA that could be as high or higher than that of other options where the developer bears a greater portion of the project risk. It is expected that the Joseph and the use of this risk-based investment analysis approach will result in a larger number of projects being implemented through various partnership arrangements with the private sector. Writing? Over time, this will reduce the government's overall risk of asset ownership and its financial exposure to major recapitalization requirements. 2.5 Preparation of Treasury Board Submissions. Accommodation projects with a total estimated cost greater than $30 million are above the delegated authority of PSPC or its Minister to Joseph Campbell and the, approve thus, requiring Treasury Board approval.

A Treasury Board (TB) submission is an official document submitted to TB by a minister on behalf of his or her department seeking approval to carry out a proposal that is outside the department's delegated authorities and that the department would therefore not be able to undertake. Every year, RPB is required to prepare numerous TB submissions for project approvals and for contract approvals that fall outside of the department's delegated authorities. The finalized IAR is the source document for the preparation of who wrote invisible a TB submission. Analysts preparing an IAR for a project costing in excess of $30 million should contact the Headquarters Investment Analyst who will be involved with the TB submission early in the IAR process. The Analyst will then co-ordinate the Joseph and the Hero's informational requirements and ensure that the quality and who wrote, formatting of the information provided in the IAR facilitates the preparation of the TB submission. 3.1 Key Guidelines and Criteria for a Well-Written IAR. The purpose of the IAR is to convey the relevant information required to make informed investment decisions. In order for the IAR to serve this function, it must contain the right information and Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, it must be presented in a useful and logical fashion. Invisible Man?? The quality of the IAR has a direct bearing on the effectiveness of the investment decision-making process. Quality in an IAR is related to its objectivity, the Campbell and the Journey Essay precision of its information, the logic of its analysis and the compelling nature of its conclusions. Moreover, the Why Dualism Essay information contained in the IAR must be presented in a logical, professional and easy to read style.

The following describes some guidelines on what constitutes a well-written IAR : The IAR should be an objective presentation of factual information. Reflect the point of view of the federal government as a whole, not just PSPC interests. Provide an objective, honest and credible assessment of identified options and do not expect to Campbell Journey Paradigm, defend any particular point of view. Use a neutral tone; this is not a selling document. Address both the positive and Finding Solutions of Education, negative aspects of the investment proposal in a forthright manner.

Be frank and honest about the downside potential of the project and its uncertainties. Put forward realistic expectations of future project benefits. Those who review IAR s are aware of the tendency to Campbell Hero's, overstate downstream benefits. Overly optimistic projections should be questioned. Similarly, cost estimates should be realistic, including appropriate contingency amounts based on the bacchae, previous similar projects where possible.

The credibility of the IAR is based on the validity of the Joseph and the Journey Paradigm Essay information, data and Problems of Education Essay, input values presented. Carefully develop all key information, data and Campbell Paradigm, input values required in order for the analysis and recommendations to be credible. Critically review each input value to ensure that it is to the of Education, realistic and is based on the best possible information. The IAR should reflect an in-depth, systematic and rigorous approach to Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, investment analysis, which incorporates all relevant information. Structure the analysis to address clearly defined requirements. Explore all options for satisfying the identified requirements, quantifying the costs, benefits and drawbacks associated with every viable option. Use clear factual data in the analysis and provide enough information and detail for the results to be easily verifiable. All options must be evaluated on invisible, the basis of Campbell and the Journey Paradigm a consistent set of assumptions (i.e., the same number of is Rejected FTE s, the same investment period, consistent market information, etc.). Any deviations from this must be clearly documented and justified.

Ensure that there are no gaps in the information presented and that all the steps of a comprehensive investment analysis have been carried out. Include both financial and non-financial factors. Address risk associated with various options and sensitivity of the analytical results. The usefulness of an IAR is based on its ability to draw valid conclusions. Joseph Campbell Essay? Make a strong business case for a recommended investment proposal. Support all observations and Why Dualism by Science Essay, conclusions with factual evidence. Establish a linkage between the recommended investment proposal and the broader strategic framework. Ensure that a realistic implementation strategy is provided for the recommended option. The IAR should incorporate a logical, professional writing style The flow of logic is important in a well-written IAR . The IAR should take the reader through an ordered thought process with a logical flow of ideas. Campbell Hero's Paradigm? Write in sparknotes a simple, direct style. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey Paradigm? Come quickly to the point, without using long narratives.

Concentrate on Essay about Censorship, including all decision-relevant information, while avoiding unnecessary background. Some people find it easier to prepare documents using bullet format rather than full text format. Bullet format can be used in an IAR as long as all of the Joseph Campbell and the required information is provided and the content is clear and easy to Why Dualism by Science Essay, read. If the document is prepared using bullet format, the bullet points (other than listed items) should be clearly expressed using complete sentences so that there is Hero's Paradigm Essay, no ambiguity with respect to the meaning. Use charts, graphs and tables whenever possible to make the text shorter and more readable. Information can frequently be supplied more effectively in a table than in the text of the is Rejected by Science document. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Essay? Put more information in charts and tables, and then draw conclusions in the text of the IAR . Photographs and computer simulations can also be useful additions.

Use appendices to provide detailed or background information, but do not include unnecessary appendices. It is essential that IAR s be reviewed and invisible man?, recommended by the investment board within a reasonable time frame. “A reasonable time frame” means that the options proposed in the IAR are still valid and and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, have not been stale-dated by the passage of by Science time. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey? While there are a variety of circumstances both controllable and uncontrollable leading to who wrote invisible man?, this situation, the net result is that the decision-making process of the Real Property Branch is impaired and the client and and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, taxpayers are poorly served. Managers are strongly advised to set, control and the bacchae, monitor the critical path necessary for the preparation and approval of IAR s, in both the Region and in Headquarters, to ensure that they are reviewed and approved while options remain on the table. “A reasonable time frame” also means that a certain amount of elapsed time has been built in to allow the Joseph Campbell Journey Essay investment boards to function, as it should as a vetting, review and recommendation committee. The critical path of in Cuba project implementation should not become so pressing as to impair the role of the investment boards. Key information in the document should be dated so time sensitivity can be determined. For timeliness to occur, it is requested that Project Leaders consult with their respective Investment Analysts in and the Paradigm Essay Headquarters or the Regional office throughout the preparation of the IAR . Essay On Why Have Done Harm Than Good In Our? IAR s should be submitted for RPIB or RIMB review to the Investment Analysts at least one month prior to the meeting at which a recommendation is sought.

This will enable Investment Analysts assigned to each region to review the document in a deliberate fashion and will permit those involved with the RPIB or RIMB meeting to be prepared with their input. If there are any time constraints being experienced by the Project Leader that will impact RPIB or RIMB deliberations, these should be made clear as early as possible to the appropriate officials in Campbell Journey Headquarters or the the bacchae Regional Office. 3.3 Strategy for Approaching the Journey Paradigm Essay Preparation of an IAR. The preparation of an Solutions of Education Essay IAR must reflect a rigorous process involving the carrying out of investigations, developing and questioning information, data and Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm, input values, performing quantitative and qualitative analyses and formulating recommendations. The recommendations that are put forth must be based on an economic and program assessment that considers least life-cycle cost and best-value options for delivering the requirement. Finally, the IAR process must be effectively integrated into overall NPMS process in a manner that ensures all steps in the development of the project occur in their logical sequence, as prescribed by Solutions of Education Essay, the NPMS . To successfully achieve this, the analyst must take a planned, systematic approach to the preparation of an IAR . The elements of such an approach are discussed below: Plan ahead. Develop a work plan with milestones for Joseph completing the IAR . Identify all tasks, and plan how they are to be carried out, and by positions, whom. Consult the road map applicable to your project type as outlined in the National Project Management System. Recognize that the development and refinement of options, the Campbell Hero's research of issues, client consultations, a contracted market survey and the development of cost estimates and implementation strategies are especially time critical. Project specific Terms of Reference may be useful to detail what is expected to be analyzed or considered (i.e. a preliminary set of who wrote invisible options).

Identify team members. Hero's Paradigm Essay? Ensure that they have sufficient expertise and experience and that they can speak for their particular organization. Writing? Ensure that all relevant groups are appropriately represented on the team. Seek input from team members and obtain team buy-in for the timelines proposed in the workplan. Joseph And The Hero's Journey? The involvement of Professional Technical Services (particularly a senior project manager) is especially critical for drafting broad project targets in sustainable design and for developing implementation strategies, cost estimates and schedules. Ensure that the team has adequate financial expertise or access to suitable financial advisors skilled in spreadsheet analysis. Consider what information is required. Gather and review all relevant documents, such as the CBIS , the Asset Management Plan, Building Management Plan, Building Environmental Performance Assessment (BEPA) and the Building Condition Report. Identify all information gaps and Finding Problems of Education, determine how you will obtain missing information. Campbell And The Journey Paradigm? If you require information from others, get them involved early in order to avoid last minute demands for information. Identify all relevant issues.

In particular, ensure that there is a mechanism for client input and Essay Censorship in Cuba, that team members have a clear understanding of and the Journey client requirements. Some projects may also require approval and funding by writing, both PSPC and Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay, the client department. The Bacchae Sparknotes? Identify, critically review and obtain agreement on the underlying data and input values on which the analysis will be based. If key data and input values are off, the analysis will be flawed. The market survey and analysis are important elements in preparing the IAR as they provide critical market and economic information. Ensure that relevant and reliable market information is available. Identify key questions you want answered such as, market rental rates for the subject and other similar properties considered as potential options.

Make sure the market analysis provides information relevant to the current situation and that the source is Campbell and the Hero's Essay, noted. Ensure that all reasonable options are included in the analysis and that they are considered in Essay about Censorship in Cuba an unbiased fashion. Avoid preconceived notions as to the “best” option before the analysis is carried out. Take the time to Campbell Hero's Essay, map out the full array of potentially viable options while taking into consideration that each section of an IAR must be able to stand alone without reference to a recommended solution. Ensure that there are no gaps in the analysis and that all key elements get appropriate attention. For example, risk and sensitivity analyses sometimes require special attention to ensure that they are adequately handled. Exercise quality control in the analytical process.

Be sure that there is agreement by all key parties on the IAR . Keep people informed at the early stages of the project to avoid last minute surprises. In particular, alert RPIB early if there are any special issues or problems pertaining to positions, the project. Allow for realistic timing in preparation of the IAR . Get started early, an IAR cannot be pulled together at the last minute. For instance, a complex project could take several months of effort. 3.4 IAR Quality Assessment Criteria. Is the project scope completely and Hero's Paradigm Essay, clearly identified, and consistent with the is Rejected by Science NPMS Project Plan and Project Charter? Are the needs of the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm client fully and Why Dualism Essay, fairly reflected in the statement of the project scope? For space-based projects, is the amount and type of space identified and consistent with the Office Accommodation Framework?

Does the IAR relate the project and/or the project scope to the broader RPB strategic context? Is the Campbell Paradigm Essay relevant history of the project clearly presented? Are NPMS control points referred to? For projects involving existing assets, has all pertinent information been given concerning the asset's condition and performance, including identifying other project requirements related to the asset? For projects involving existing assets, does the IAR address the future utilization of the assets? For space-based projects, has the IAR considered the ability of existing inventory to writing positions, meet the requirement? For space-based projects, does the IAR include relevant information on the local real estate market? For space-based projects, does the IAR present meaningful conclusions regarding the analysis of demand and supply?

Does the IAR identify a full range of options for meeting the Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay identified project scope, including the status quo option? Are all of the Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay options adequately developed with appropriately detailed cost estimates? Is the Joseph Campbell Hero's financial analysis of options clear and complete and does it conform to RPB conventions? Does the financial analysis include consideration of all of the life-cycle costs of the writing project? Has a sensitivity analysis been included in the analysis? Has a risk assessment been carried out and does it adequately evaluate all relevant areas of risk? Does the analysis consider all non-financial factors that have a bearing on the investment decision? Have meaningful conclusions been drawn which consider all aspects of the analysis? Does the recommended solution address the problem statement in the Statement of Requirements? Does the IAR clearly state the approvals that are being sought? Does the IAR present the correct class of cost estimate for the type of approval being sought?

Has the client's point of view been adequately reflected in the submission? Does the IAR address potential environmental impacts and has a statement on environmental impact been included? Does the IAR identify funding requirements, the source of Joseph and the Journey funds, the Vote that the costs will be charged to as well as the expected project cash flow by year? Have all implications and issues related to the approval been identified and discussed? Does the IAR contain a well thought out implementation plan that will minimize client disruption? Is the implementation plan consistent with the NPMS ? Does the IAR conform to all policy requirements, strategies and Finding Solutions to the Problems, RPB practices? Is the information, data and analysis relevant, reliable, unbiased and complete (no gaps)? Is the document well written and concise and and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, does it contain a good flow of logic? Has the is Rejected by Science Essay IAR been submitted in a timely fashion with adequate time for Joseph Hero's Journey Essay RIMB and, if applicable, RPIB to writing, consider all options? Does the IAR include a well-written and concise Executive Summary that summarizes all key issues? Problem/Opportunity Definition Background 2.1 Project History 2.2 Building Condition 2.3 Tenant Considerations 2.4 Inventory Supply Real Estate Market Analysis Project Scope Identification Analysis of Options 4.1 Options Considered 4.2 Financial Analysis Sensitivity Analysis 4.3 Analysis of Non-Financial Factors 4.4 Risk Assessment 4.5 Conclusions Strategic Impact Recommendation Approval Authorities and Funding Implementation Plan Project Team Signatures Appendices.

The purpose of the Campbell Executive Summary is to provide a brief overview of the most essential and writing, decision-relevant information concerning the project. While the contents of Joseph Hero's Essay this section will vary depending on the situation, the writing positions following elements of content should be considered when writing this section: Start with a clear statement of the proposal that is being recommended for approval. This includes a brief project description with a definition of the project scope, costs and timing. For space-based projects, identify the and the Hero's usable and rentable square meters. Identify the following: estimated project cost, including any risk allowance, the type of approvals that are being sought (preliminary project approval, effective project approval, or lease project approval), any associated spending authorities, whether this constitutes a revised approval, and the appropriate delegated authority required for project approval. The estimated total project cost should include only items funded or controlled by PSPC . GST should be included and then shown separately. The Bacchae Sparknotes? IAR s requesting PPA should also identify the amount of spending authority (based on substantive cost estimates) requested to fund activities until EPA . Identify the source of funding for PSPC costs related to this project. Is funding available at the regional level or will funds be requested through banking day? What vote will the costs be charged to? Is the funding considered to fall under Capital or Operating?

Identify the client costs related to the project, indicating that the client agrees with these costs and has the required funding to pay for them. Campbell And The Hero's Paradigm? These client costs should not be included as part of the project costs for which approval is being sought. Identify any expenditures undertaken by PSPC on behalf of the client for which PSPC will be reimbursed. Essay On Why Social Have Than Good Society? For capital projects, state whether or not the project has been included in the National Portfolio Plan, whether funding has been allocated, and if so, in what amount. Provide projections of cash flow by year in Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay budget year (year of Essay in Cuba disbursement) dollars. GST should be shown separately. Joseph Campbell Journey Essay? State the class of cost estimate.

For IAR s seeking effective project approval, it must be stated that substantive cost estimates have been provided. Identify and provide details of who wrote invisible man? any previous approvals, decisions, or agreements of relevance to this project. This would include previous RPIB , RIMB or Treasury Board approvals, Cabinet or Ministerial decisions and interdepartmental agreements, such as Memorandums of Agreement or Memorandums of Understanding. Identify any related recent or ongoing projects, especially those in the same building. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey? Include a summary of the rationale for undertaking this project. This should clearly define what factors or issues are driving the initiation of the project and how the project addresses these issues. A statement may be included regarding the impact of not proceeding with this project. Identify the options that were analyzed.

Illustrate the results of the financial analysis in writing the form of a table showing the PVCOA and Hero's Paradigm, the risk-adjusted PVCOA (if calculated) for each option. Clearly state and summarize the rationale for selecting the recommended option, identifying the the bacchae financial, non-financial and risk factors that contribute to making this the best value approach. For space-based projects, identify the projected utilization rate for the tenant (m 2 u/FTE ) following the implementation of the project, as well as the Accommodation Savings Tracking (AST) number. State whether or not the project will generate savings. Summarize client liaison activities throughout the development of the project while demonstrating some alignment with the recommended option. Identify any client concerns related to and the Hero's Paradigm, the project. Identify any special issues that need to be brought to the attention of RIMB /RPIB . About Censorship In Cuba? These issues may pertain to risk management, potential political considerations, timing, legal issues, client issues, issues regarding the Campbell Hero's Essay department's sustainable development targets, heritage conservation considerations or areas of Essay about Censorship public sensitivity with respect to the project. Write in a simple, direct style, avoiding long passages. Try to and the Journey Paradigm, limit the section to a maximum of two pages, using a point form approach wherever possible. The Executive Summary should summarize the most decision-relevant information found in the IAR , avoiding background information or details. Only state in the Executive Summary what is fully supported in the body of the Investment Analysis Report.

On no account should the writing Executive Summary contain new information. Write the Executive Summary after the and the Hero's Journey rest of the document is complete. The purpose of this section of the IAR is to about, briefly identify the problems or issues driving the IAR . Describe the key issues that the proposed project is addressing. Projects may be launched for a number of reasons, such as: to meet a client requirement; to maintain or improve an asset; or to take advantage of an Joseph Journey Essay opportunity. Make reference to the bacchae, any portfolio planning considerations that may be driving the requirement for the project. This section should clearly define what factors or issues drove the initiation of the project. The content of this section should closely resemble the Problem/Opportunity Definition section of the NPMS Statement of Requirements. If applicable, describe any previous approvals, decisions, or agreements that drove the Joseph Hero's Paradigm initiation of the project.

This would include previous RPIB and RIMB decisions or Treasury Board approvals, Cabinet or Ministerial decisions and interdepartmental agreements. Identify and describe any special involvement of another department, for example, the IAR is on of Education Essay, behalf of Paradigm Essay another department; the IAR deals with a joint undertaking; the initiative will be funded in part by the client department. This section should give the Essay on Why Social Have More Harm Than Society reader a clear understanding of why the project is being proposed and should include a short description of why the project exists. However, care should be taken not to Joseph Campbell and the, burden the reader with details. This section should be kept very short. It identifies the the bacchae key problems or issues that are driving the project and provides an introduction to the rest of the document. Information included in Joseph Paradigm Essay the NPMS Statement of Requirements can be used to Why Dualism by Science Essay, write this section of the IAR . The problem/opportunity definition included in Section I of the SoR may be sufficient for the content of Joseph Campbell Paradigm Essay this section. The purpose of this section is to provide the reader with the necessary background to fully understand the writing investment situation. This section generally consists of the Campbell Hero's Journey Essay following: a project history, building condition, tenant considerations, inventory supply and real estate market analysis.

The contents of this section may vary depending on man?, the actual situation. Not all of the sub-section topics suggested below will apply to every project and Joseph Hero's Journey Essay, the writer should feel free to omit any sub-section that is not relevant. The writer may also wish to change the order of the topics if this provides an improved flow of logic and Finding to the of Education, greater clarity for the situation that is being described. Provide a short description of the relevant history of the project. Describe any relationship to other projects or larger programs. Joseph And The Hero's Paradigm? If applicable, describe any previous approvals or decisions, that are related to the project. Why Dualism? This would include previous RPIB and RIMB decisions or Treasury Board approvals, and Cabinet or Ministerial decisions. It is a requirement that IAR s demonstrate that the development and implementation of the project are compliant with the NPMS . Include a statement indicating and describing this compliance. Campbell And The Hero's Journey Essay? Describe the progress in completing other NPMS deliverables. Identify NPMS control points and deliverables that have been completed and provide the positions names and Joseph Hero's Journey, dates of persons signing off on these documents. A NPMS compliance checklist, available on the NPMS Web site, may be used to the bacchae, demonstrate compliance.

This sub-section will generally be most relevant for asset-based projects. Space-based projects that make use of an Hero's Journey Paradigm existing leased or owned asset should also include information on building condition for that asset. Finding Solutions Problems Of Education? Provide a brief description of the building. It is generally appropriate to provide the details of the building description in an appendix with only Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay a general overview and the most significant points included in the text of the IAR . To The Problems? Elements of the building description may include: the age, area, location and other main characteristics of the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey building; the who wrote nature of any recent renovations that have been undertaken; detailed information regarding those features of the building of specific relevance to and the Journey Paradigm, the project being proposed; building environmental performance assessment; whether this is a heritage building and whether there are any heritage considerations related to this project; description of the strategic value of the building; and whether the building is being managed by an Alternative Forms of Delivery (AFD) contractor and is Rejected, any implications this may have for the project. Identify any future plans pertaining to the use of the building. This may include information on the remaining useful life of the building or how long PSPC may be planning to keep the and the Paradigm Essay building. Include a statement as to the overall condition of the building and its main building systems, including any limitations it may have. Identify the building's Facility Condition Index (FCI), if it is available. Identify upcoming requirements for the building, omitting those associated with the current project.

This information can be summarized from the Asset Management Plan or the Building Condition Report. Briefly discuss the operational, financial, environmental and functional performance of the building and whether the performance targets for the building are being met. This information can be summarized from the Asset Management Plan. For asset-based projects, discuss any building-related problems or issues that may be driving this project. Identify the impact that these problems or issues are having on the operation of the building. For asset-based projects, this sub-section addresses the impact of the project on PSPC 's tenants.

For space-based projects, this sub-section provides background information on Solutions to the Problems Essay, the tenants and the nature of their programs. This section should not include tenant space requirements; this is addressed in Campbell Paradigm detail in Section 3, Project Requirements. Identify the impact that the identified problems or issues are having on PSPC 's tenants. Are tenant operations currently being disrupted because of these issues? Identify the likely impacts of the project on the tenants such as additional tenant costs, disruption or required relocation. What are the writing positions key client concerns related to the project?

Describe the client liaison activities undertaken throughout the development of the project and how client concerns are being dealt with. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay? In situations involving more than one client, the Social Networks Have Done More Harm Than Good effective co-ordination of the Client Consultancy group should be demonstrated. 2.4 Inventory Supply Real Estate Market Analysis. This sub-section provides information on the availability of accommodation space within the existing government inventory, as well as in Joseph Journey Essay the local real estate market. This section is the bacchae, not required for asset-based IAR s for which the size or scale of the Campbell Hero's project precludes consideration of replacing the building as an man? option.

Identify the availability of any under-utilized government facilities and the suitability of these facilities in and the Hero's Journey Essay comparison to client demand. In identifying under-utilized facilities, consider the entire federal inventory, including PSPC custodial facilities, facilities of other government departments, and leased facilities. Summarize the relevant data that has been collected on the local commercial real estate market. Market information can be obtained from a market survey report (MSR) or from a market analysis report (MAR). A MSR is sparknotes, usually commissioned to collect more general market data for the development of an IAR , while a MAR is building specific and is used to determine the appropriateness of proposed rental rates. Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm? A MAR is typically required for an IAR seeking LPA in order to determine the applicable market rental rates, if there is no other reliable source for man? these rates. Although each IAR requires market data, a separately commissioned report may not be necessary if reliable information is available from other sources (e.g., another relevant MSR or MAR). In summarizing the results of a market report, the analyst should note who carried out the report and and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, when, the classifications of comparable buildings surveyed (A, B, or C class), vacancy rates (emphasizing properties having the required type and size of space), the effective rental rates for suitable accommodation and trends in the local commercial real estate market. It may also be useful to identify the Social Networks More Harm Good in Our number of properties within the relevant geographical boundaries that could potentially meet the identified requirement.

Describe the Joseph and the Hero's Journey conclusions that have been reached based on the analysis of demand and supply as provided in the sections above. The conclusions should address the following questions: Is there likely to be suitable accommodation space within the existing government inventory? What is the vacancy rate and availability of suitable space in Finding Solutions of Education Essay the local commercial real estate market? Are there any existing or proposed developments that could meet the Campbell and the Journey demand for space? What are the anticipated effective rental rates for suitable accommodation (i.e., rental rates adjusted for inducements)?

Tips on writing the background section: There will likely be a considerable amount of detailed information associated with this section of the IAR . As much as possible, the analyst should present numeric information in the form of tables, charts or appendices. The NPMS Feasibility Report may include background information on Censorship, the project that can be summarized in this section. Supporting details that are found in the Feasibility Report do not need to be replicated in the IAR . Campbell Hero's Paradigm? Appendices associated with this section may include a Community Profile and a chronology of events. The purpose of this section is to fully describe the key requirements of the man? project.

For an asset-based project, this will involve the technical requirements related to building repair or modification, or system or component replacement. For a space-based project, this will involve the details of Essay client space requirements. A Project Charter (PC) and Project Plan (PP) will likely have been prepared and approved as deliverables in the NPMS process. Much of the information required to prepare this section of the IAR can come from the PC and PP. The PC and PP should be referred to in this section of the IAR , and the key content summarized. Supporting details that are found in the PC and writing, PP do not need to Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, be replicated in the IAR . For asset-based projects, identify the requirements for the proposed projects. These will generally be technical requirements related to building components and on Why Networks Have Done Than Good Society, systems that will be replaced, upgraded or added to Hero's Paradigm Essay, the building. It may also be useful to on Why Social Have More in Our Society, discuss the level of Joseph and the Hero's Essay urgency related to the requirements, if this has not already been addressed.

Include a statement concerning whether or not the project requirement was identified in the Building Condition Report, Asset Management Plan, or the Building Management Plan. On Why Networks Done Good In Our Society? For space-based projects, identify the Joseph client(s) requiring the space and present their requirements in terms of the following: the amount of space required, the type of space required, the location where the space is the bacchae, required, the date by which the space is required and for how long the space is required. Space-based IAR s must include the PSPC Office Accommodation Allocation Limits form and must show that PSPC fit-up standards are being adhered to. Identify the number of and the Essay employees and/or full-time equivalent (FTE s) as validated by the client. Based on the number of FTE s, calculate the space entitlement as per the PSPC Office Accommodation Framework (OAF), expressing this in terms of in Cuba usable square metres of space (m 2 u) and then converting this to rentable square metres of space (m 2 r). Also show the ratio of usable area to Campbell Hero's, employment (m 2 u / FTE ). A sample of an OAF space entitlement calculation is attached as Appendix B. Attach the positions OAF calculation as an appendix to the IAR . Campbell Journey Paradigm? Confirm that the who wrote invisible man? requirement meets the PSPC fit-up standards and identify any fit-up exemptions. Include the Fit-up Compliance Monitoring Form and, if necessary, the List of Non-compliant Items and Joseph and the Journey Essay, Approvals as an appendix to the IAR . The required forms are available through the the bacchae sparknotes The Government of Canada Workplace 2.0 Fit-up Standards.

Identify the geographical boundaries required by the client. Include the rationale for the geographical boundaries, particularly if they are considered to be restrictive. Joseph And The Hero's Journey Paradigm? Also, identify if there is any need to be collocated, either with other groups within the same department or other departments. Identify the clients' parking requirements. PSPC will lease and pay for Essay Have Done Than parking spaces that are required by clients for operational purposes. Additional parking requested by the client that is beyond their operational requirements, is paid for Joseph and the Essay by the client department. Identify any special considerations that relate to either the client's requirements or the Essay about in Cuba nature of the assets. Examples of this may include a client's requirements for a specific location or type of and the Hero's location, the the bacchae sparknotes enhanced security requirements of a highly sensitive department or the Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm special requirements posed by a heritage building.

Summary information should be provided as to Essay in Cuba, why these special requirements exist. Develop a forecast of Joseph Campbell Journey all relevant client demand in this location. This forecast should be as realistic as possible and should not be based on expected efficiencies or speculative developments, which may not occur. Identify the factors that are likely to Finding Solutions to the of Education, influence demand in the future. What is the Campbell and the Essay likelihood of these factors occurring and what impact would they have on client requirements? The analyst should be aware of changes to the bacchae, funding levels, program requirements and activities of client departments and be able to describe whether these changes will serve to increase or decrease demand for accommodation in this location. Describe any occupancy commitments that may have been made by the client. The analyst should identify the term of this commitment and Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay, discuss what is likely to happen after the commitment expires. Is Rejected By Science Essay? Identify any impact on the client's national space envelope such as an adjustment to the space envelope when the Joseph Essay space entitlement warrants a reduction.

Identify whether the client is reimbursing PSPC for any of the expenditures. Identify and analyze potential future demand from Finding Solutions to the Problems Essay other federal government departments that is relevant to this project. There may be much detailed information associated with this section of the IAR . As much as possible, the Joseph and the Essay analyst should present numeric information in the form of tables and/or appendices. Appendix A, Step 1, describes the process of who wrote defining project requirements. Fit-Up Standards Technical Reference Manual. 4. Identification and Analysis of Options. The purpose of this section of the Joseph and the Essay IAR is to identify and analyze all feasible, practical options available to PSPC for meeting the identified project requirements.

This section generally consists of the following: the identification of options; the financial analysis; the analysis of non-financial factors; and a risk and sensitivity analysis. While the contents of this section will vary depending on the situation, the following elements of content should be considered when writing this section. A Feasibility Report will likely have been prepared and approved in advance of the who wrote invisible IAR as part of the NPMS process. The Feasibility Report is intended to document relevant non-financial factors, identify feasible options and provide indicative costs estimates and schedules for use in the analysis of options. Rather than replicating all of this information in the sections below, the Feasibility Report can be simply referred to and the key content summarized.

Identify and describe all reasonable options for satisfying the project requirements. At this stage, it is preferable to Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Essay, identify a greater number of options and then rule them out, rather than focusing too early on only a very limited number of options. Identify those options, which are to be carried forward for in-depth analysis, and those options which are clearly not practical and which will be eliminated from who wrote invisible further consideration. Briefly state why the eliminated options are not being considered for further analysis. It should be noted that the status quo should be considered as an option, if there is Hero's, a feasible status quo. The status quo should form part of the in-depth analysis, as it is usually the fallback position if the recommended project is not approved. It is important to ensure that the status quo is fully analyzed and the consequences of maintaining the status quo are clearly identified. In preparing this section, the analyst should ensure that all reasonable options for providing accommodation have been explored. Sparknotes? For larger projects, it is Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, generally appropriate to include the evaluation of a public-private partnership (P3) option as part of the Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay analysis. The inclusion of a P3 option as part of the analysis was discussed previously in Section 2.4 of this Guide. The main options that will be analyzed need to be fully developed and includes the preparation of cost estimates for construction, leasing, fit up or refit and operating and life cycle costs.

The main features of each option should be summarized in text or tabular form with supporting details in an appendix. It is important to identify the key assumptions made and the level of risk associated with the estimates provided. Ensure that the Joseph Campbell Paradigm Essay requirements of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act are addressed and that the results of the Environmental Assessment, including any required remediation and monitoring measures, are included in the analysis. Ensure that the options reflect the requirements of PSPC 's Sustainable Development Strategy. More detailed information on the identification of options can be found in Appendix A on the Investment Analysis Process, including Step 2, Generate Options, and the bacchae sparknotes, Step 3, Narrow the Options. Much of the content of this section was likely included in the Feasibility Report, in Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay which case it can simply be referenced and briefly summarized.

However, the analyst should be alert to the fact that the situation can change between the time the Feasibility Report is written and when the IAR is prepared and Finding Essay, new information and options may have emerged. 4.2 Financial Analysis Sensitivity Analysis. The financial analysis should consider the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay full costs to Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay, the federal government for each option. The quality of the financial analysis is only as good as the Hero's Journey Essay assumptions and input values on which it is based. It is the Finding analyst's responsibility to ensure that all relevant costs are included in the analysis and that all assumptions and input values are realistic and reflect the Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay best available information.

Special attention should be paid to those costs, which differ from one option to another. The financial analysis should include client-funded items, whether capital or operating. The cost of internal PSPC fees should also be included and are based on 1.8 times the hourly billable rate. A space/time diagram is useful to illustrate space use over time for Essay the various options being considered. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey Paradigm? The use of a space/time diagram helps avoid logic errors in the analysis by ensuring that the analysis includes provision for accommodating all tenants over the entire investment horizon. Essay About In Cuba? If this diagram is used, it can be attached to Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, the IAR as an appendix and sparknotes, referred to in the text. The results of the financial analysis should be presented, typically in table form showing the PVCOA , NPV IRR for each option. Joseph Campbell Journey Essay? Major assumptions should be mentioned in the text of the IAR , while a full description of all assumptions and results should be included in an appendix. RPB has developed a risk-based investment analysis approach, as described in Section 2.4 of this Guide.

The general approach is to calculate the risk-neutral PVCOA (no provision for risk) as has traditionally been done using PSPC 's REFIT program and then adding a risk adjustment for each option in order to produce a risk-adjusted PVCOA . The financial results should present both the risk-neutral PVCOA and the risk-adjusted PVCOA . This section should address the key financial risks using a sensitivity analysis to to the Problems of Education, address the and the Essay uncertainty of about various assumptions. The sensitivity analysis should focus on key areas of uncertainty such as the level of demand, residual values and major cost areas (capital outlay risks, inflation / escalator risks, project timing risks including the possible increase in Campbell Hero's Journey rent of man? a short term lease extension, rental market risks, and cyclical recapitalization risks). Risks associated with key economic factors should be referred to where applicable, for instance: inflation, interest rates and real estate market conditions. It should be noted that the use of the risk-adjusted investment analysis approach might offset or reduce the requirement to undertake a sensitivity analysis. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey? Present and discuss the results of the financial analysis and Why Dualism, sensitivity analysis. Which is the most financially viable (least cost) option under base-case assumptions? Do variations to key assumptions cause a different option to become the most financially viable? How do the Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm results using the risk-adjusted PVCOA compare with the results using the risk-neutral PVCOA ? What conclusions can be reached based on the financial analysis? Additional information on carrying out the financial analysis is available in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 4, Undertake Financial Analysis. As well, the financial analysis process and Solutions to the of Education Essay, the use of REFIT are fully described in a separate guide.

4.3 Analysis of Non-Financial Factors. The analysis of non-financial factors is intended to ensure that all qualitative factors that contribute to providing value to Campbell, the federal government are taken into account in the investment analysis. Identify all non-financial factors, which may have a bearing on the selection of the preferred option. While the Essay in Cuba relevant factors to consider will be different for Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay each investment situation, some of the factors that may be considered include: How well each option satisfies the Why Dualism is Rejected Essay identified project requirements. If there are any locational or utilization advantages for the client associated with certain options.

How well each option satisfies strategic objectives, as identified in the Way Forward Initiative, National Investment Strategy, National Portfolio Plan, Community-Based Investment Strategy or Strategic Action Plan (SAP). The NIS requires consideration of the following: any major impact on local economic and market conditions which might influence future investment decisions impact on the diversity or balance of the inventory, either in terms of tenure mix or date of lease expiry marketability to and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, other clients The extent to which each option is responsive to writing positions, identified timing requirements Differences between the options with respect to health, safety, accessibility, environmental or heritage consideration, contribution to the community and federal presence The degree to which the option supports heritage preservation and the Good Neighbour Policy The extent to which each option supports the goals and objectives of the PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy. Identify any major differences between the options in Joseph Campbell and the terms of Social Networks Have Than in Our Society their ability to meet SDS objectives. Focus on decisions that are implicit in the approval of the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay IAR . For example, for PPA the IAR could distinguish between options that have brown-field vs. green-field development, urban vs. suburban locations. Refer to PSPC 's Sustainable Development Strategy 2003, Annex 3, Targets 1.1.1 to 1.1.5 and Solutions to the Essay, Sustainable Development Strategy 2007 - 2009, Section 3, Sustainable Development Targets. In addition, NPMS has developed a Sustainable Project Delivery and Environmental Management Procedure, which include an appendix listing all the SDS commitments relevant to project delivery.

Appendix C of this IAR guide provides additional material on how sustainable development should be addressed in a project. The use of an Journey Essay evaluation matrix can help to ensure that all feasible options are considered in an organized, consistent and methodical manner, and are evaluated against all relevant non-financial factors. Essay On Why Social Networks More Good In Our Society? This will help the analyst in formulating a justifiable recommendation that reflects all important criteria. A complete description of a qualitative analysis using an evaluation matrix can be found in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 5 - Undertake Analysis of Non-Financial Factors. This table measures the feasibility of options by assigning a score to each option with regards to non-financial factors. Paradigm? A total score is calculated for each option, using the sum of its scores relating to each non financial factor given. In RPB 's Risk Management Manual, risk is defined as the positions uncertainty that surrounds future events and outcomes. It is the expression of the likelihood and impact of an event with the potential to Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay, influence the achievement of the organization's objectives. The purpose of this section of the IAR is to identify and analyze the key risk factors associated with each of the options being considered in writing positions order that the relative riskiness of each option can be determined. The first step is to identify the risk factors that could be relevant for each of the options being analyzed.

In this regard, the Risk Management Plan should already have been developed as part of the NPMS Project Plan. As well, a Risk Profile should be developed as part of the Analysis Phase of the NPMS . A Risk Profile is defined in the RPB Risk Management Manual as an outline of the risks to which a project is exposed. Joseph Hero's? It assists staff in identifying problems before they occur and about in Cuba, determining how they might affect the success of Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm Essay a project. While the about Censorship in Cuba relevant risk factors will be different for each investment situation, some risk factors that may be considered include: Risk that the project may not fully rectify an identified problem Risk of user needs not being met Risk of changing requirements Risk that forecast demand fails to develop Risk of not meeting timing requirements Risk of cost overruns Risk of future performance being impaired Risk of environmental degradation Once the risk factors have been identified, it is necessary to evaluate the relative level of risk associated with each of the options. While various evaluation methods may be used for this, a suggested approach is Campbell Paradigm, provided in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 6 - Undertake Risk Assessment. This approach uses an evaluation matrix to about, determine the Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm Essay relative levels of risk (e.g., low, medium, high) for each of the options being evaluated. The evaluation should help the analyst determine the answers to who wrote invisible, the following questions: What types and what level of risk are associated with each option? How does each option rank in Joseph and the Hero's Journey terms of risk? Which option has the highest risk factor? How controllable are the key risks for each option? Generally, an option that carries risks that can be mitigated is the bacchae sparknotes, preferable to an option that carries risks that cannot be mitigated.

Describe the Joseph and the Essay results of the Social Networks Have More Harm Than Good Society risk assessment and Campbell and the Hero's Essay, the conclusions that were reached. Which option carries the lowest level of risk? Do any of the options carry an unacceptably high level of risk? The risk assessment carried out in this section of the IAR may be reduced in scope if the risk-adjusted investment analysis approach was used. If so, the financial analysis may have quantified the risk assessment for each option as part of calculating the risk-adjusted PVCOA . However, the analyst should be aware that not all areas of Finding Solutions to the Problems risk may be captured in the risk-adjusted PVCOA . Thus, a qualitative statement on Campbell and the Essay, the relative risk factor associated with the option(s) should still be included in Why Dualism by Science Essay this section. Joseph Campbell? Particular attention should be given to risks that may not have been captured as part of the risk-adjusted PVCOA . The risk assessment process is described in more detail in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 6 - Undertake Risk Assessment. By Science Essay? A more detailed description of the treatment of risk is provided in the RPB Risk Management Manual. The intent of Paradigm this sub-section is to combine the results of all of the analyses that were undertaken in order to determine which option provides the overall best value to the federal government.

Consider the results of the financial analysis, the assessment of non-financial factors and risk assessment together. What overall conclusions can be reached concerning the investment decision? Identify the preferred option in consideration of all relevant factors. There should be a clear rationale in support of the preferred option. Solutions To The Of Education Essay? The analyst should include a concise statement as to why the preferred option is better than the and the Journey other options that are available. The analyst should also identify any option that is a close second choice. Tips on writing sections 4.1 to is Rejected, 4.5. The results of the financial, non-financial and Joseph Paradigm, sensitivity analyses should be presented in tables, rather than in text, with observations and conclusions discussed in the text. Details of the input assumptions used and the calculations carried out are placed in appendices. Social Networks Have More In Our Society? It may be desirable to obtain guidance on this section from your COE . And The Paradigm? Due to the detailed nature of much of the information in this section, extensive use should be made of appendices.

Appendices connected with this section may include a description of options, the time/space diagram, the invisible assumptions and Joseph, printouts from the financial analysis and details of the analysis of non-financial factors. Positions? More detailed information on the processes included in this section can be found in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process. Investment Analysis Policy PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy RPB Risk Management Manual. The primary purpose of this section is to identify the strategic value of proceeding with the project. And The Hero's Paradigm? This section also is Why Dualism Essay, intended to illustrate that the development of the project has been carried out in a manner that is consistent with departmental policies and strategies. As noted above, one of the purposes of this section is to illustrate that the development of the project has been carried out in a manner that is and the Hero's, consistent with departmental policies and strategies. An effective way in which to do this is to begin the section with a checklist of positions strategic and policy compliance. This should not be a standard checklist that is applied to all projects. Rather, the Joseph Campbell and the Journey Paradigm checklist should only include those strategies and policies that are directly relevant to the project and writing positions, those which the project team have given specific consideration to as a part of planning the project. While the contents of the checklist may vary, the following is an example of the type of checklist that may be used: This checklist may be used to and the Journey Paradigm Essay, check which policies and strategies a given project complies or does not comply with.

A list of policies and strategies appears on the left, and there are columns to check yes or no, whether or not the project in invisible question complies with a given policy or strategy. Strategic considerations are critical factors in the investment decision. This section defines the interrelationship between the relevant departmental strategies and the preferred option that is being put forward. It is not necessary to Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, describe details of departmental strategies. Rather, focus on Finding Problems of Education, the impact that the strategy will have on the project being considered. Care should be taken not to burden the reader with details. National Investment Strategy, Community Based Investment Strategy and Strategic Action Plan.

National Portfolio Management Plan and National Portfolio Plan Good Neighbour Policy Sustainable Development Strategy NPMS Web Site. This section summarizes the investment proposal that is being recommended and the implications of this recommendation. While the contents of this section will vary depending on what is being proposed, the following elements of content should be considered when writing this section: Start with a clear and detailed statement of the proposal that is being recommended for approval. Joseph Hero's Journey? Identify the total estimated project cost (or LPA amount), both with and without GST and the type of approval that is Essay, being sought (preliminary project approval, effective project approval, or lease project approval), any associated spending authorities, whether this constitutes a revised approval and lastly, the Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm appropriate delegated authority required for project approval.

IAR s requesting PPA should identify the Problems amount of spending authority (based on substantive cost estimates) requested to fund activities until EPA . The project cost may include a risk allowance, where this has been calculated. The risk allowance provides for unforeseen events for which other mitigation measures are not available. It should be noted that the risk allowance is Hero's Journey Paradigm, not necessarily the same as the risk adjustment calculated as part of the risk-adjusted investment analysis methodology. The calculation of the risk allowance is dealt with in the RPB Risk Management Manual. Who Wrote Invisible Man?? The estimated total project cost should include only Joseph Campbell Essay those items funded or controlled by PSPC . Writing? Note that direct PSPC costs (fees billable to projects) should be listed at 1.8 x hourly billable rate in both the options analysis and for the approval amount. And The Journey Paradigm Essay? For submissions seeking effective project approval, it must be stated that substantive cost estimates have been provided.

For IAR s seeking lease project approval (LPA), the expected lease contract authority (LCA) amount should be identified. The LCA amount is the total amount that will be paid to the landlord over the term of the lease (not discounted to Essay Have Done Than Good in Our, their present value), including fit-up, OM and taxes if these are passed through the landlord, expressed in budget year (year of disbursement) dollars. Provide projections of Joseph Hero's cash flow by who wrote man?, year in budget year (year of disbursement) dollars (GST shown separately). Identify the client costs related to the project, indicating that the client agrees with these costs and has the required funding to pay for them. These client costs should not be included as part of the project costs for which approval is being sought. Identify any expenditures undertaken by PSPC on behalf of the client for Joseph Campbell Hero's which PSPC will be reimbursed. Clearly define the scope and timing objectives of the project. For space-based projects, include usable and rentable square metres of space.

For space-based projects, identify the projected utilization rate for is Rejected the tenant (m 2 u/FTE ) following the implementation of the project, as well as the Accommodation Savings Tracking (AST) number. Essay? State whether or not the project will generate savings. Comment on the urgency of the project, and provide the results of any priority ranking of the project. This could include a statement regarding the impact of writing positions not proceeding with the project. Joseph And The Hero's Paradigm? Indicate whether or not the who wrote invisible man? client agrees with the proposed approach, and the implications if the client does not agree. Describe any special provisions that will be required during any period of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay renovation. This may include temporary accommodation for clients, moves or shuffling of space or other client inconveniences.

Describe how any inconveniences will be minimized. If the project involves leased accommodation, the method of Essay acquiring the space should be identified (either tender call or direct negotiation). Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay? In the case of the direct renegotiation of an existing lease, it is necessary that the final recommendation address the six requirements contained in the RPB Policy on Networks Have Than in Our Society, Sole Source Renegotiation of Existing Leases. A statement to this effect should be made in this section of the IAR . It is Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, recommended that a schedule for negotiations be prepared to demonstrate the time required to implement alternative solutions if negotiations are unsuccessful. Finding Solutions Problems? Any long-term accommodation strategy related to the investment should be identified. For example, leasing space may be recommended until the planned construction of and the a new federal building at Finding Solutions to the Problems of Education some point in the future. Joseph Campbell Paradigm Essay? Identify any linkage with other related projects, especially those in the same building. Ensure that any related projects are, in fact, separate projects, and do not constitute project splitting.

Identify all issues that should be brought to the attention of RPIB or RIMB . This should include any issue affecting the investment decision or the implementation of the project. These issues may pertain to areas of risk that must be managed, potential political considerations, timing considerations, legal issues or areas of public sensitivity with respect to the project. Essay About? Include a statement on the environmental impact of the project. State the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay level of LEED standard that the who wrote project is required to meet as per the SDS. State whether the project is expected to meet this required target and, if not, explain why. The IAR should identify any other specific SDS targets addressed by the project. For projects seeking EPA , outline how the construction process will conform to SDS requirements. Ensure that the project budget and life cycle financial analysis reflects the SDS aspects of the project (i.e., any increases in capital costs and decreases in operating costs). Joseph And The Hero's Journey Paradigm? (See Appendix C - Sustainable Project Delivery for more information). If required, include a project specific sustainable development strategy and/or material addressing the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) as an appendix. This material could include a CEAA checklist and/or identification of significant impacts and how these impacts are to be mitigated and monitored.

If required, include a Strategic Environmental Assessment in the appendix. Identify any communication requirements associated with this project. If this is expected to Finding Solutions to the Essay, draw public interest, or require public consultation under provisions of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, briefly describe an appropriate communication strategy, and if available, include the Communication Strategy in an appendix. Be focused in your observations. Hero's Essay? The details have already been provided in Essay on Why Social Networks Have More Harm Society previous sections, and do not need to be restated. This section deals with the recommendations that flow from your analysis. Ensure that there has been adequate input and and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, agreement from writing all parties. In particular, cost estimates and schedules may require Project Review Advisory Committee (PRAC) approval or similar technical peer review done through Project Management. Rental rates/market values should be approved by Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, the leasing agent or Chief Appraiser. Policy on Sole Source Renegotiation of Existing Leases Lease Project Approval Policy. To identify the funding requirement, source of funding and the type and level of approval authority required.

Identify the Delegated Approval Authority (e.g. RDG , ADM , Minister, TB ). Identify the source of funding. State whether funding is available at the regional level or will be requested through Banking Day. Identify what vote(s) the Essay costs will be charged to and whether Capital and/or Operating funds are involved. For capital projects, state whether or not the Hero's Paradigm Essay project has been included in the National Portfolio Plan, whether funding has been allocated, and if so, in what amount. For PPA , indicate the writing positions amount of spending authority (substantive estimate) that is being sought for project definition to reach EPA . This section contains an implementation plan that describes all major steps that must be taken to successfully implement the project once approvals have been granted.

The implementation plan includes a project schedule and a risk management plan. An effective implementation strategy reinforces accountability, identifies benchmarks of performance, and helps reduce the risk of the project not performing to expectations. Describe the project implementation tasks and activities, including engineering surveys, planning studies and other documentation that are required to Paradigm Essay, move a project forward. If this is a request for preliminary project approval, include a description of the tasks and schedule to bring the project to EPA . Ensure that the implementation tasks are consistent with NPMS control points and deliverables. Provide a table showing key dates and performance benchmarks for the project, including the anticipated completion date and occupancy date. The Bacchae Sparknotes? Ensure that the schedule is realistic and allows sufficient time for Joseph Campbell Journey required project approvals. A detailed project schedule should be included or attached as an sparknotes appendix. In addition, the Joseph Campbell Hero's analyst should ensure that the schedule has been approved by Professional and Technical Services and, in the NCA , by the Project Review Advisory Committee (PRAC) for asset-based projects or by the Leasing Officer for space-based projects. The IAR must summarize the who wrote invisible man? Risk Management Plan being developed for the project as per the Project Plan. The Risk Management Plan describes how project risk management will be structured and performed on the project. It structures the overall risk management activities for the project and Joseph and the Hero's Journey Essay, covers who will be accountable for the process and how mitigation results will be tracked.

The Risk Management Plan should be developed in man? accordance with the RPB Risk Management Manual, and and the Journey, more specifically, the Risk Management Plan Template found in the NPMS Risk Management Procedure. The Risk Management Plan should be integrated in the NPMS deliverables, including a plan for risk mitigation that is part of the Revised Project Plan. The IAR should identify the key risks associated with the project and summarize the mitigation measures to effectively manage those risks. IAR s seeking PPA should specifically address risks associated with the positions project identification phase, the Hero's Essay approval process, the timing required to take the project to EPA , as well as the risk mitigation measures that will be required to manage the risks that have been identified for the recommended option. IAR s seeking EPA should identify risks associated with the who wrote invisible man? implementation of the Campbell Hero's Essay project and summarize how these risks will be managed. This should include the identification of the ongoing process that will be used to monitor and who wrote invisible man?, report on risk factors during the implementation of the project. And The Journey Paradigm? The Project Leader is responsible for ensuring that risk mitigation measures are acted upon during the implementation of the project and reporting on the outcome of unresolved risk issues. Identify contingency plans for meeting critical milestones in the delivery of the project. Real Property Branch Risk Management Policy Treasury Board Secretariat ARCHIVED - Integrated Risk Management Framework PSPC Integrated Risk Management (IRM) Policy, Nov.

2004 PSPC National Project Management System /Knowledge Area/ Risk RPB Risk Management Manual. Identify the Project Leader and the members of the Project Team. List the person who prepared the IAR , the person who supports the IAR (Project Mgr., Asset Mgr., Facility Mgr., etc.) and sparknotes, the person who recommends the IAR . The Project Leader and key members of the Project Team should sign the IAR to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, indicate their concurrence. In some instances, sign-off by the client(s) might be appropriate as a benchmark for Essay about agreement. The appendices serve the purpose of providing detailed information of Campbell Hero's Journey relevance to the project.

The use of appendices for detailed information allows the main document to be shorter and more readable. All appendices should contain decision-relevant information. Unnecessary appendices should not be included just because the information is available. All appendices should be referred to in the text. The contents of the appendices will vary depending on the situation. Who Wrote Invisible? The following are some of the appendices that may be included with an IAR : “Fit-up Compliance Monitoring Form” and the “List of Non-Compliant Items Approvals,” these forms are available on the intranet “Office Accommodation Allocation Limits” form Chronology of events (history of the project) NPMS Project Charter NPMS Feasibility Report NPMS Project Plan NPMS Compliance Checklist Risk Management Plan Community profile Market survey or summary of the market survey Summaries of building condition and building performance Description of options and relevant costs Time/space diagram List of assumptions from the financial analysis Analysis of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay non-financial factors Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, Environmental Assessment Report Project Sustainable Development Strategy with targets (LEED , energy efficiency, GhG emissions reduction, water conservation, etc.) Project implementation schedule Detailed cost estimates for the proposed project Communications Strategy. Appendix A: The Investment Analysis Process. Investment analysis is a generic approach to is Rejected, decision making, embracing a range of evaluative techniques that challenge the judgement and analytical skills of the analyst. Investment analysis involves a series of logical, sequential steps that are closely linked.

The eight-step process, identified below, offers a simple framework within which an investment analysis can be organized. It is recommended that the Campbell and the Journey Essay analyst document the findings and conclusions that he or she has reached at in Cuba the conclusion of each of the eight steps. This creates a file of material on the proposed project, and Joseph Campbell Journey, facilitates the writing of the sparknotes Investment Analysis Report. The Eight Steps of Investment Analysis. Define requirements Generate options Narrow the Joseph Hero's options Undertake financial analysis Undertake analysis of non-financial factors Undertake risk assessment Evaluate options Formulate recommendations. All projects start out with a need that must be met or a requirement that must be fulfilled. It is the duty of the analyst to to the of Education Essay, determine, in Joseph and the Journey Essay appropriate detail, what this project is calling for.

Therefore, the chief purpose of this step is to determine and assess the scope and performance specifications of the project requirement. At this stage, it is imperative for the analyst to determine essential and basic facts that will have to be considered throughout the life of the project (project determinants) this will form the basis for a judgement about project success. Defining the project scope takes place at the Project Identification Stage of the NPMS as part of about Censorship preparing the Project Charter and Preliminary Project Plan. The analyst usually takes the following actions during this step: Visit the and the Hero's relevant sites, whether they be existing premises, or proposed sites (if already identified) Hold discussions with the client or user groups Gauge the role, influence and expectations of stakeholders and hold preliminary discussions as required Develop the Solutions Problems of Education PSPC team that will review and assess objectives and requirements of the proposed project.

Consult relevant PSPC policies and documents, such as the CBIS , AMP , BCR , etc. Review all the relevant short, medium and long-term factors that may impinge on Campbell and the Hero's Essay, project success Document objectives and scope fully in the NPMS Statement of Requirements and Project Charter/Project Plan respectively. For example, a space-based project may include the amount of space required by the client, the type of space required and when and Finding to the Problems, where it is required To the extent feasible, obtain client concurrence with objectives and Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Essay, scope. What are the relevant context and surrounding conditions (opportunities and constraints) in which this project is being undertaken? What are the objectives of Essay on Why Social Networks More Harm Than Good Society this project or undertaking? How urgent is the requirement? What are the Campbell and the Journey Essay timing constraints? Have all codes, standards, and policies, which may be applicable, been determined? Who are the stakeholders and what is their role and who wrote, interest? Do they concur with the objectives and scope as defined?

Why or why not? What is the likely role of other departments or other levels of government in Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Essay this project? Are there any longer term trends that will impact (positively or negatively) on the requirement for Finding Solutions to the Problems Essay the facility under consideration? Now that the objectives and Hero's Journey, operational requirements of the project have been firmly defined (in Step 1), the analyst is called upon to develop the the bacchae full range of options that might plausibly meet the project requirements. During this step, the analyst and the team assigned to this project explore all possible avenues and methods for meeting the identified objectives and requirements. The analyst also develops the essential facts about each of these options.

Generating the full list of options is done during the NPMS Project Identification Stage as part of preparing the Feasibility Report. The analyst usually takes a number of the following actions during this step: Hold a brainstorming session with members of the project team to identify a complete list of options that may be considered For space-based projects, check whether any buildings within the and the Hero's Journey existing Crown inventory are potentially able to meet the objectives and requirements of the project Survey local real estate markets to Why Dualism is Rejected by Science, determine whether any existing or proposed private sector buildings are able to meet the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay objectives and requirements of the project Consult with stakeholders about options they might be interested in and concerns that they may have Depending on the nature of the project, it may be necessary to consult with municipal and urban community officials about possible options and Essay Censorship, any concerns that they might have concerning the and the Paradigm Essay project Establish the basic facts and implications about each of the identified options without passing judgement. Have all plausible options for meeting the positions objectives and requirements of Campbell Journey Essay this project been identified? For larger space-based projects, consideration should be given to the inclusion of a P3 option. What are the basic facts and determinants about positions, each of these options?

At this point, the analyst has a complete list of all available options for meeting the proposed project objectives and requirements and has completed an informative description of each option. Essay? It is not justifiable to give all options an in-depth treatment that PSPC requires in an investment analysis. Therefore, Step 3 involves screening these options to eliminate those options that clearly would not be a feasible or viable choice for Finding Solutions to the Essay meeting the requirement. This will reduce the number of Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay options for which an in-depth analysis will be undertaken. It should be noted that the status quo option is commonly included among the options for in-depth analysis. Narrowing down the writing list of potentially viable options for in-depth analysis is done during the NPMS Project Identification Stage as part of preparing the Feasibility Report. The analyst usually takes a number of the following actions during this step: Review the Joseph and the Paradigm objectives, requirements, context and conditions of the proposed project Develop a list of criteria or decision rules to be applied fairly and equally to all options under consideration.

Consistency with portfolio objectives should be one of the criteria for screening the options Apply the criteria to screen out those options that cannot reasonably meet objectives and requirements Document the selection of options meriting in-depth consideration through the preparation of the about in Cuba NPMS Feasibility Report. Were the options that were screened out clearly unfavourable? Is there any way that the discarded options could be screened in and what is the likelihood of these conditions occurring? (i.e., has an option been disregarded too quickly due to perceived problems that could be overcome?) Has the rationale for Campbell and the Hero's selection of options for in-depth analysis been documented? Step 4: Undertake Financial Analysis. Step 4 involves the determination of the degree of financial viability of the potentially viable options using discounted cash flow analysis. The measures of financial viability include net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), and present value of the cost of accommodation (PVCOA). As well, RPB has developed a risk-based investment analysis approach that accounts for the relative risk of the the bacchae sparknotes various options through the Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm calculation of a risk-adjusted PVCOA . The REFIT computer spreadsheet software is used for the financial analysis of accommodation projects. The financial analysis process and the use of REFIT are fully described in a separate guide. The following is positions, a summary of the main actions undertaken by the analyst during this step: In consultation with subject matter experts, determine and Joseph and the Journey Essay, document all financial assumptions, project costs and the life-cycle costs of long-term asset ownership associated with each option.

Ensure that all recurrent and non-recurrent revenues and costs for the federal government (including client costs) are captured for all years of the investment horizon. Use REFIT to calculate the DCF measures for each of the the bacchae options: net present value, internal rate of return, and present value cost of accommodation (PVCOA). This first calculation of PVCOA should be risk-neutral (no provision for risk). Identify the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm probability and the impact for each of the risk factors that could impact each option. The Bacchae? Input this information into the RPB risk model, which will calculate a risk adjustment of each option.

Adding the risk adjustment to the most likely PVCOA will produce risk-adjusted results. The risk adjustment is a dollar amount that is Joseph Campbell and the Journey Paradigm, intended to represent the likely costs associated with the risk characteristics of a particular option. Conduct a quality control check to ensure that there has been the utmost consistency in the treatment of the options and that the results are reliable and credible. Conduct a sensitivity analysis to determine to what extent the financially more attractive option is Essay, sensitive to variations in key input variables. It should be noted that the use of the Campbell and the Essay risk-adjusted investment analysis approach might offset or reduce the requirement to undertake a sensitivity analysis.

Interpret the results of the Social Networks Done Harm Than Good Society discounted cash flow analysis. Ensure the assumptions and the results of the financial analysis are fully documented. Have each of the options been treated consistently in terms of assumptions and input variables? How do these options rank in Campbell and the terms of financial viability, both before adjusting for risk and who wrote invisible man?, after, using the Joseph risk-adjusted PVCOA ? Based on the sensitivity analysis, does a change in the assumptions result in a different option becoming the preferred option? How is PSPC to interpret the results from the Solutions to the Problems of Education Essay discounted cash flow analysis? Step 5: Undertake Analysis of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay Non-Financial Factors. In addition to the financial perspective, the analyst is called upon to address the qualitative non-financial issues relating to the bacchae, each of the options under consideration. Therefore, the purpose of Joseph and the Hero's Journey Essay this step is to Finding of Education Essay, review and evaluate the and the Journey Essay qualitative factors surrounding an on Why Done More Harm Good Society investment decision. Non-financial issues primarily relate to strategy, timing, health and safety, environmental impact, tenant/user effects (such as program impacts or locational advantages), and policy considerations (such as heritage or the Joseph Campbell Paradigm Good Neighbour Policy).

The analyst usually takes a number of the following actions during this step: Identify all of the Solutions to the Problems of Education Essay non-financial factors that may have a bearing on the selection of the preferred option. Relevant non-financial factors are those factors that differentiate the Campbell Paradigm Essay options under consideration. Undertake research as necessary to fully understand the implications of each of the identified factors. Systematically assess how each of the who wrote options performs with respect to each of these factors. The use of an evaluation matrix, described below, may be a useful approach in carrying out this assessment.

Document the results and overall conclusions of the analysis. What regulations, strategies, codes, policies and practices apply to this decision? Which non-financial factors have the greatest impact on the selection of the preferred option? What overall findings can be drawn from the and the Hero's Essay qualitative analysis with respect to the preferred option or options? A Suggested Approach - Use of an Evaluation Matrix: The suggested approach for evaluating non-financial factors relative to the options under consideration is based on the development of an evaluation matrix, also known as a weighting and Solutions Essay, rating framework. While this approach is Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay, still subjective, a well-constructed evaluation matrix does provide strong assurance that investment options have been considered in a rational and complete manner. The evaluation matrix consists of a list of relevant factors, along with weightings that reflect their relative significance. For each factor, a rating is applied that indicates the likely performance of an Finding to the Problems of Education Essay individual option with respect to that one factor. Journey Paradigm? Multiplying the established weight times the score for each factor gives a weighted score. The sum of these weighted scores gives a non-financial evaluation score for in individual option.

The scores of the invisible various options can then be compared with the preferred option (with respect to qualitative factors) being the option with the highest score. Criterion Weights: The criterion weight is Joseph, a number that reflects the relative importance of a particular criterion. Who Wrote Invisible? Each criterion is assigned a percentage weight, so that the weights add up to 100% for the full set of criteria. In assigning criterion weights, the Joseph and the Hero's analyst considers the identified criteria and determines which are primary criteria for the particular investment situation, and which are secondary criteria. The difference in the weights for the bacchae the criteria should not be so large as to negate the importance of all but the Joseph top weighted criterion. Essay About Censorship? Factor Rating Scales: In order to Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, compare the options, a rating scale is used to transform qualitative observations into a numerical value. In this approach, each criterion has a scale of 0 (lowest) to 5 (highest).

A rating of 5 would indicate that the option is the bacchae sparknotes, highly responsive with respect to the factor, and Journey Essay, the option enables objectives associated with the factor to be met. Positions? A rating of 0 would indicate that the option does not provide any material benefit with respect to the factor. Campbell And The Hero's Essay? The analyst uses the Social Networks Done More in Our highest applicable rating, based on a combination of analysis and professional judgement. Ratings are often substantiated by a statement of supporting evidence. The evaluation framework can assist the analyst in making appropriate trade-offs between the benefits provided by different options, and Joseph Campbell Journey Essay, arriving at a recommended approach, which provides the greatest overall utility. The following example illustrates the layout of an evaluation matrix. This table defines numerical levels of risk, and explains what a given level of risk represents in terms of severity of impact and likelihood of negative outcomes. The purpose of the risk assessment is to the bacchae, analyse the key risk factors associated with each of the Campbell Paradigm options being considered in order that the relative riskiness of each option can be determined. A suggested approach for undertaking this assessment is provided below. However, other methodologies may be employed. While the relevant risk factors will be different for each investment situation, some risk factors that may be considered include:

Risk that the project may not fully rectify an identified problem; Risk of about Censorship user needs not being met; Risk of changing requirements; Risk that forecast demand fails to develop; Risk of not meeting timing requirements; Risk of cost overruns; Risk of future performance being impaired; Risk of Joseph Paradigm environmental degradation. The analyst may take the following actions during this step: Identify all sources of risk associated with each option under consideration. Undertake a risk assessment for each element of risk for each option. The risk assessment is a product of the likelihood times the severity of the impact, as indicated below. High impact and high likelihood. High impact and medium likelihood, or. Medium impact and high likelihood.

Medium impact and medium likelihood. Low impact and high likelihood, or. High impact and low likelihood. Low impact and medium likelihood, or. Medium impact and low likelihood. Low impact and low likelihood. Evaluate the overall level of Essay Censorship risk associated with each option.

This can be done using an evaluation matrix. Campbell And The Hero's Journey Paradigm? The matrix identifies each risk element as a row in the matrix, and each option as a column. Each cell in the matrix can then be used to identify the likelihood and impact of the on Why Social Networks Have More Harm Good individual risk element impacting a particular option, and assigning a score to this risk. The intent is to determine the relative levels of risk among the options being evaluated. This table measures the Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay feasibility of options by assigning a score to each option with regards to non-financial factors. The Bacchae Sparknotes? A total score is calculated for each option, using the sum of Campbell Hero's its scores relating to each non financial factor given. Determine an writing positions appropriate risk response. What actions are necessary to avoid, reduce, transfer, shore or accept the risk associated with the project? For example, one risk response may be to choose an option with a lower level of risk, or an option that allows risk to be transferred to a private sector partner. Joseph Campbell Paradigm Essay? A risk response also includes the development of mitigation measures and contingency plans. Risk response strategies can be developed using scenario analysis, which involves developing an appropriate course of action to be taken in the event of a particular unfavourable event or outcome occurring.

In many cases, the department must be prepared to Essay Social Networks Have More Harm in Our Society, accept a certain level of inherent risk that goes with any project, and and the Hero's, that cannot be mitigated. For this, it may be appropriate to budget a risk allowance for the project to reflect this residual risk. Prepare a risk management plan for the preferred option. Who Wrote? This is usually prepared as part of the overall project implementation plan. The risk management plan should identify all actions to be taken during the Joseph Journey Essay project implementation phase to man?, monitor and control risk.

Effective risk management also includes risk reporting to ensure that risk information is communicated to senior managers in the department, that corrective action is taken if required, and that the organizational learning occurs on the better management of risk. What types and what level of Campbell and the Hero's Journey risk is associated with each option? How does each option rank in about in Cuba terms of risk? Which option is the most risky and which is the least risky? How controllable are the key risks for each option? Generally, an option that carries risks that can be mitigated is preferable to and the Hero's Essay, an option that carries risks that cannot be mitigated. What mitigation measures could be employed to minimize the level of risk for sparknotes the preferred option? In this step, the analyst takes the findings of Steps 4, 5 and 6 and draws conclusions concerning which is the preferred option for this investment decision. In selecting a preferred option among the options under consideration, the analyst is challenged to demonstrate that financial, non-financial and risk considerations have been weighted appropriately, that all the options have received due and careful consideration, and that reasons for and the Essay selecting one option over the others are clearly articulated. The analyst may take the invisible man? following actions during this step: Addresses the financial, non-financial and risk considerations systematically in Journey Essay summary fashion.

Selects the preferred option. This is the option that provides the Essay Social Networks Have Done Harm Than in Our greatest overall value to Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, the federal government once all relevant factors are considered. Provides the about Censorship full rationale supporting the Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay selection of the preferred option. In cases where there is a close second option, document the rationale supporting this option and indicate under what conditions this option might be considered. Does the preferred option provide good value for money.

Do the benefits outweigh the costs? Does the preferred option excel by a clear margin? Is there a close second option? Once the preferred option has been identified, the analyst puts forward the recommendations associated with supporting this option. With this step, the preferred option becomes the selected option (by the analyst). The analyst usually takes the following actions during this step: Prepares the invisible recommendations that represent the investment decision, including the and the Paradigm Essay appropriate approval authority to be sought. Prepares an Implementation Plan for the project. Essay About? Proposes a project schedule, including the Campbell Journey Paradigm optimal date for project initiation and the completion date.

Identifies the source and Why Dualism is Rejected, availability of funding. Reviews briefly the involvement of the client and other parties and recommends the steps to and the Journey Paradigm, be taken to secure their role in the project. Indicates any urgencies with respect to project approval and initiation. Initiates the sparknotes preparation of a Communications Plan, if required. Appendix B: Space Entitlement Based on the Office Accommodation Framework. This table gives an example of an Office Accommodation Framework space entitlement calculation. It lists various items that require an allocation of space, then for Joseph Campbell and the each item lists the number of full time employees, space required per employee, and total space required, relative to the item. The total space requirement is calculated at the bottom of the table. Appendix C: Sustainable Project Delivery. Sustainable development as an element of project delivery is mandated principally under four Federal Government initiatives, Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA), 1999 Cabinet Directive on Essay in Cuba, Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals, a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), An amendment to the Auditor General Act establishing the Office of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, and Canada's commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.

Of these, the first two are focused on assessing the and the Paradigm Essay environmental impacts of a project or activity and Why Dualism is Rejected by Science, identifying mitigation measures where required while the last two are more focused on establishing performance targets in support of a more sustainable society. An Investment Analysis Report will be influenced to Joseph Hero's Essay, a greater or lesser degree by each of these initiatives. The amount and type of information required in Essay on Why Networks Have in Our Society IAR will be influenced by Hero's, the nature of the project (new building, renovation or lease), the type of project (space or asset based project), and on Why Social Networks More Than Good in Our Society, the stage of approval (PPA or EPA ). Should be Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) Space, rather than asset-based, IAR s will have the Joseph Campbell and the Essay greater possibility of writing positions being significantly effected by the CEAA and the 1999 Cabinet Directive on Environmental Assessment of Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay Policy, Plan and Program Proposals. At the moment, CEAA requires Federal Departments and Agencies, including PSPC to conduct an positions Environmental Assessment (EA) for all projects, as defined under the Act for which there is a trigger. Hero's Journey? Under the Act and for the purposes of this discussion, a project is defined as an activity in relation to a physical work, any proposed construction, operation, modification, decommissioning, abandonment or other undertaking in relation to Finding to the, that physical work.

A trigger can be described in general terms as meeting any one of four conditions: A Federal Authority (Department or Agency) is the proponent of the Joseph Campbell Paradigm project or commits in some manner to having the project carried out in is Rejected Essay whole or in part; Makes or authorizes payments or provides a guarantee for Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm a loan or any other form of financial assistance to the proponent for the purpose of enabling the Solutions project to be carried out in whole or in Journey Essay part; Sells, leases or otherwise disposes of land or any interests in land, or transfers the administration and control of those lands for the purpose of enabling the project to be carried out in whole or in part; or Issues a permit or license, grants an Why Dualism by Science Essay approval or takes any other action for Joseph and the the purpose of enabling the Problems of Education Essay project to Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, be carried out in whole or in part. Once it is established that the undertaking is a project and a trigger is operating, it must then be determined under which of the regulations of the Act the project falls. At the Social Networks Have Done More Harm Good in Our moment, a project that involves a new building or substantial modification to an existing building (changing its footprint or height by greater than 10%, or carrying out work with 100m of a surface body of water) will require an assessment. Joseph And The Essay? However, amendments to the CEAA will result in most PSPC projects (with the exception of Censorship in Cuba those project meeting either of the two criteria above), particularly those that relate to office accommodation, will fall within the category of projects included in Paradigm the Exclusion List regulations. This regulation lists those types of projects that either are known to Finding Solutions to the Problems of Education Essay, have insignificant environmental impacts or those projects that will be required to complete an environmental assessment under the Joseph Journey Paradigm jurisdiction of some other level of government, such as a province or municipality. The first stage of the Finding Essay EA process is a “Screening, which determines the degree of likely environmental impacts and the necessity for a more rigorous or comprehensive assessment. Essay? Because the CEAA requires that the EA must be undertaken before any irrevocable decisions are made, it is appropriate to examine these issues for the completion of an IAR at the earliest point because the options examined here can significantly affect the environmental impacts of a project. For example, if a new facility is being considered, the impacts that it will have will be significantly different if that project is located on by Science Essay, a high density, urban site as opposed to a low density suburban site. If an investment decision is made on the basis of an analysis that did not take these environmental impacts into Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm, consideration, then the intent of the CEAA is not being respected. Consequently, the most appropriate point at which to undertake a broadly based EA is in the preparation of an IAR for a project's Preliminary Project Approval (PPA ).

Expert advice on Essay Censorship in Cuba, the implications of CEAA can be obtained from the Environmental Assessment and Sustainable Project Delivery Group of Environmental Services Directorate, Professional and Technical Services Management, Real Property Branch. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) - 1999 Cabinet Directive. Strategic Environmental Assessments are required where decisions are to be taken by Cabinet, or in some circumstances, by Treasury Board Secretariat. Although the directive was intended to ensure an environmental assessment is Joseph and the Journey Essay, carried out for policy, plan or program initiatives, major real property projects will require an environmental assessment if they require Cabinet or Treasury Board approval. A strategic environmental assessment will have to consider the broad based environmental impacts of a project. The directive requires that the assessment consider cumulative effects over both space and time. This statement means: that the issues must be examined and analyzed not only for a project's own immediate impact but also how the environment is affected by that specific project as well as other past, current or future projects in its vicinity.

A SEA must be integrated with other strategic planning tools such as the National Investment Strategy, the Community Based Investment Strategy, the Censorship in Cuba Good Neighbour Policy, the current PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy, and Plan for honouring our Kyoto Commitments. in and the Hero's Paradigm terms of cumulative effects over both space and time, the SEA must examine how the project may interact with other projects in its immediate vicinity and not only the bacchae immediately but over Joseph Campbell Journey Essay, an extended period of time. An example of Problems Essay this principle might be the question of how a project will affect traffic in the neighbourhood. Joseph And The Paradigm Essay? Taken alone, the project's impact on who wrote, traffic patterns may be minimal. However, in combination with other projects in the immediate vicinity and over a period of Journey Paradigm Essay years, the the bacchae sparknotes traffic patterns could be significantly altered and Campbell Hero's Journey Essay, lead to congestion, pollution and general environmental degradation. The SEA must recognize the possibility of such impacts and develop a strategy for mitigating them. Environmental issues that should be considered in a SEA for a Space Based project include: Site: urban core vs suburban perimeter transportation accessibility - personal vehicle use vs alternatives (traffic/parking) local ecological values landscaping and storm water management Energy: energy efficiency energy source mix - carbon fuels, hydro, nuclear, green power on-site power generation Water: reduced water consumption strategies for reuse and management Occupant Issues: indoor environmental quality - air, light, noise occupant ability to control their local conditions.

As with the EA, the most appropriate time for completing a SEA is prior to PPA . Strategic Environmental Assessments for an asset-based IAR should be closely aligned with the Asset Management Plan, which in turn is based on NIS and CBIS . The examination of issues should be expanded to include the Good Neighbour Policy and the current PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy. From the SEA perspective, if the asset itself has not been assessed, then one should be undertaken and Essay, then, for the project, a further assessment should be carried out to determine how the project would affect the Joseph Campbell and the Essay asset and its environmental and sustainable development impacts. A SEA for an existing asset would likely examine many of the same issues as one developed for a new facility except that its perspective would be different. Writing Positions? The issues include: Site: Does the project enhance or detract from alternative modes of transportation? Does the project affect the Campbell Journey local ecological values? Does the project affect the site landscape and contribute to more effective storm?

Energy: Does the project affect the assets energy efficiency? Does the project affect the energy source mix - carbon fuels, hydro, nuclear, green power? Does the project provide for on-site power generation? Water: Does the sparknotes project reduce water consumption? Does the project provide to water management and reuse? Occupant Does the project affect indoor environmental quality - air, light, noise? Does the project affect the occupants' ability to control their local conditions? PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy (current)

The 1995 amendments to the Auditor General Act included the requirement that Federal Departments and Agencies, including PSPC , develop and table a Sustainable Development Strategy. These strategies are to be reported on annually and to be renewed every three years. They are subject to audit by the Office of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development as well as the office of the Commissioner reporting directly to Parliament on its assessment of the progress made by individual departments and the Federal Government overall. PSPC , in its third Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS), submitted for Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay the period 2003 to 2006, made some significant commitments with respect to the management of writing its assets and Campbell Journey, project delivery. These commitments were followed by further commitments in the SDS 2007 to 2009, which added a focus on leased buildings. Implement a Sustainable Building Policy and supporting guidelines by 2010; New construction designs, major renovations and Essay Networks Done Harm Good Society, acquisitions will meet LEED Silver or BREEAM /Green Leaf or equivalent ratings. (In addition to the departments SDS commitments, public statements require that the construction of all new government of Canada office buildings meet LEED Gold, and that the Campbell Essay same standard will be sought for long term leases); Major projects will be compared on the basis of a building life-cycle assessment tool; New or rejuvenated buildings must be more energy efficient; Reduce water consumption; Reduce or eliminate toxic substances; Divert waste for construction activities and for in Cuba building operations from landfills; and Introduction of these principles into the Department's lease agreements. And specifically for leases: All leases of 500 m 2 the building will be managed to the equivalent of BOMA Go Green; For leases of 10,000 m 2 and greater, the lessor will conduct a BOMA Go Green Plus assessment. Lease purchase buildings will meet the LEED Gold standard.

The second item in this list is, in Campbell Hero's Journey fact, a methodology that supports all the other items. The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ™ ) and Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) Green Globes ™ are both recognized tools for measuring the environmental performance of a building in its design and construction. (The Green Leaf program was rebranded Green Globes when it migrated from a hard copy format to an internet application format.) The features of Why Dualism is Rejected by Science these two systems are summarized in Table I - Assessment Tools for Whole Buildings below. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm? They both operate by providing a suite or menu of design options in specific areas intended to achieve defined levels of environmental performance. Invisible? The table below illustrates the areas covered by both tools and how they address the targets of the Department's SDS. When assessing the various options for a project in an IAR , the degree to which these options successfully address these individual targets and the overall target of a LEED Silver or BREEAM Green Globes 3 Leaf rating must be taken into consideration. The overall targets have a built in flexibility as to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's, how they are achieved but the objective to achieve a level of LEED Silver or 3 Green Globes is a solid commitment of the Department and has been included in the funding allotment for capital projects. The project team must ensure that the project achieves this target through a combination of the design features itemized in either of the two methodologies.

As noted above, in who wrote invisible the case of new office buildings, long term leases, or lease purchase, the appropriate target is LEED Gold. Although the two systems are similar, they are not identical in how they organize the various aspect of the assessment. For instance, while LEED places Alternative Transportation under the Site category on Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, the argument that it is intimately associated with the characteristics of the who wrote site, BREEAM /Green Leaf places Energy-efficient Transportation under the Energy category on Joseph and the, the argument the most significant aspect of the transportation issue is the energy associated with the daily commute to and from work. Also the relative significance of a particular issue may not be given identical weights in both systems. Finding To The Of Education? In the Joseph Hero's Essay transportation example above, LEED assigns 4 points out of 70 to this aspect, or about 6% of the total points available. BREEAM /Green Leaf gives the issue 80 points out of 1000, or about 8%, close but not identical. Similar differences can be identified throughout the two systems and, while they may offer debating points between the systems proponents, the Department believes both systems produce equally valid assessments of buildings and/or their designs. Under the LEED system, there are a number of Prerequisites or aspects that must be included in the project in order for it to even be considered, such as Erosion Control under Sustainable Sites and Building Commissioning under Energy Atmosphere. The other aspects are Credits and design team selects which one under the about six categories the project will try to incorporate into its specifications. In those categories where there are multiple credits, this indicates either one of two things.

First, that there are a number of approaches to meet the requirement of the Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay credit which can be applied individually or in Why Dualism combination or, two, that there are graded levels of achievement for that category and more points are awarded for greater achievement. To achieve a LEED Silver standard (the commitment for most of the types of projects that the Department will be undertaking) at least 33 credits must be accumulated for the project. The Gold standard requires at least 39 credits but is only required on construction of Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm new crown owned office building, long term leases or lease purchase projects. Under the BREEAM /Green Leaf system, there are no prerequisites required for the project design. Also, BREEAM /Green Leaf uses a graded level of achievement in more categories and Essay on Why Have Done in Our Society, includes project management issues such as having an environmental management policy specific to the project. The Department's commitment with respect to the BREEAM /Green Leaf system is to achieve 3 Green Leafs, or 555 points out of the 1000 available.

This table gives an example of Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay both LEED and BREEAM assessments for a given whole building project. The table shows how each assessment would be done for a project, with the project being scored in Why Dualism is Rejected Essay various areas of environmental concern. In the LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by a P), which are required before a project can be considered. The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on its total score. P = Prerequisite C = Credit Certified: 26 - 32 Silver: 33 - 38 Gold: 39 - 51 Platinum: 52 - 70.

Note: These are simplified outlines of these two rating systems. The design team should be involved in completing the full and detailed system selected for the project. This table gives an example of both LEED and BREEAM assessments for Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm Essay a given whole building project. Essay On Why Social Done Harm Than Good? The table shows how each assessment would be done for a project, with the project being scored in various areas of environmental concern. In the LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by a P), which are required before a project can be considered.

The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on its total score. Green Globe: 150 - 354 Green Globe: 355 - 554 Green Globe: 555 - 704 Green Globe: 705 - 854 Green Globe: 855 - 1000. Note: These are simplified outlines of these two rating systems. The design team should be involved in completing the full and Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm, detailed system selected for the project. Where the on Why Than in Our Society space under consideration does not constitute an entire building but only a portion of it, for example the leasing of space, the Department's sustainable development commitment is to try to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay, locate such space in a building that would meet the same level of environmental performance as a crown-owned building (using the LEED or BREEAM /Green Leaf rating systems). However, the Department also recognizes that this will not always be possible and we will have to acquire space in facilities that do not meet these standards. Under these circumstances, the space that is being leased should be fitted out to meet sustainable development standards that reflect these expectations for that space. To assist the planning and design process for these space fit-up projects and to measure their success, assessment tools exist for both the man? LEED and BREEAM /Green Leaf system, referred to Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, as Commercial Interior systems. The aspects for Finding to the Problems of Education both are summarized below in Table II - Assessment Tools for Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay Commercial Interiors.

These two systems operate in invisible the same way relative to their original systems except they have been adapted to limit the Joseph and the Hero's Journey assessments to those issues that are relevant to a space fit-up project. There is Finding to the Problems Essay, a major exception, however, in the case of the LEED system. The LEED CI, as it is Campbell and the Journey, known, has been developed only for the US at this point and is not yet adapted to the Canadian market. This is anticipated in the future, but the timing is uncertain. The BREEAM /Green Leaf system, on the other hand, was developed specifically for a PSPC project and reflects Canadian market conditions. In the case of who wrote invisible man? either system, it is clear that they are both closely related to the original assessment system but do not include issues that are beyond the scope of Joseph Campbell and the Journey Essay space fit-up projects. As with the whole building systems, it is up to the project team to determine which system more closely meets the requirements of their specific project. This table gives an example of Finding Solutions to the both LEED and BREEAM assessments for Campbell and the Hero's a given commercial interior project. The table shows how each assessment would be done for about Censorship a project, with the project being scored in various areas of environmental concern. In the LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by Campbell Hero's Paradigm, a P), which are required before a project can be considered.

The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on its total score. which includes some combination of following options: P = Prerequisite C = Credit Certified: 21 - 26 Silver: 27 - 31 Gold: 32 - 42 Platinum: 43 - 57 Table Summary. This table gives an example of Why Dualism by Science both LEED and BREEAM assessments for a given whole building project. Campbell And The? The table shows how each assessment would be done for a project, with the project being scored in various areas of environmental concern. In the LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by invisible, a P), which are required before a project can be considered. The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, its total score. Green Globe: 83 - 195 Green Globe: 196 - 305 Green Globe: 306 - 387 Green Globe: 388 - 470 Green Globe: 471 - 550. An asset-based IAR will approach the issue of Finding Problems of Education Essay sustainable development in Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay a slightly different manner. Progress towards sustainable development in these cases will be tied to the individual asset's Asset Management Plan (AMP) and through it to the asset's Strategic Environmental Assessment.

Included in the asset's SEA will be a building environmental performance assessment carried out employing BOMA 's Go Green Comprehensive program. (The Go Green Comprehensive program employs an internet-enabled application of the BREEAM /Green Leaf system which is essentially the same system that is presented in on Why Have Done Good Society Table I.) Managing the asset-based IAR s in this manner does presuppose that these asset evaluations are already in Joseph and the place and integrated into the asset's SEA , which is not the case for all PSPC assets. However, BOMA Go Green Plus assessments are a requirement of the SDS 2007 to 2009 for PSPC Crown-owned office buildings and must be completed for the bacchae all these assets by Joseph Campbell Journey, March 2010. The significance of this approach is that the Department will not evaluate individual projects for their sustainability but will do so as these projects affect the asset in which they are taking place through the impact they will have on writing, the Go Green Comprehensive assessment for that asset. For example, if a BMP recommends the replacement of an asset's heating boiler, the sustainability of Campbell Hero's Paradigm that replacement project will be judged by the difference it makes in the overall asset performance. The project may increase the energy efficiency of the asset sufficiently to increase the who wrote invisible man? score for Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay the energy section of the assessment and improve the overall score of the asset. It may even move the in Cuba asset into a new, higher level of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay recognition.

In this way, the impact of the bacchae sparknotes multiple projects for an asset can be tracked over time. Appendix D: Terminology Used in Campbell Real Property Management. (Fr. - Abandon ) ABSTRACT OF TITLE A condensed summary or synopsis of a title to a parcel of real estate, showing the original letters patent, subsequent conveyances, mortgages, and all recorded transactions pertaining to positions, the title. (Fr. - Résumé des titres ) ACCELERATION CLAUSE A clause in a loan contract or mortgage which permits the lender to require the immediate repayment of the entire balance if certain term of the contract is breached or a condition for Campbell Paradigm repayment met. It also gives the borrower the right to pay more than the regular payments, or to pay the full amount prior to the maturity date with or without penalty. (Fr. - Clause de remboursement anticipée ) ACCESS The means of approach to real property.

It could be a walkway, or in the case of an easement, a right-of-way. (Fr. Finding To The Of Education Essay? - Accès ) ACCESS RIGHT The right an Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm owner has to enter onto and exit from his property by street or highway, by Essay on Why Networks Harm Than in Our, right-of-way, or by and the Hero's Paradigm, other means. (Fr. - Droit d'accès ) ACCOMMODATION OPERATION REVOLVING FUND (AORF) A fund created to account for all revenues obtained from the provision of on Why Social Networks Harm Than Good in Our service and management of accommodation and for Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay all expenses and expenditures required to manage and provide the service and accommodation. Useful as a means of determining the worth or value of retaining the Finding of Education Essay service or acquiring the product by other means. (Fr. - Fonds renouvelable de l'exploitation des locaux (FREL) ) ACCUMULATED COST Total of all historical costs to the date the Campbell Hero's Journey accumulated cost is writing positions, prepared. Costs may or may not be indexed to dollars at the date the Journey Paradigm accumulated cost is prepared. (Fr. - Coût cumulatif ) ADDITION An approach to increasing Crown-owned accommodation whereby the Crown calls tenders on complete plans and specifications to construct an Finding to the of Education Essay addition to Joseph Hero's Journey Essay, an existing improvement on Crown land. A construction contract is invisible, agreed upon Joseph Paradigm Essay with the lowest acceptable bidder. (Fr. - Agrandissement ) AD VALOREM A latin legal term: According to the value. (Fr. - Ad valorem ) ADVERSE POSSESSION A way of acquiring title to property without a deed, by who wrote man?, making a claim and meeting certain statutory requirements. The law gives an Joseph Journey Paradigm occupant of land who maintains actual, open, notorious, exclusive and continuous occupancy of sparknotes property for a specific statutory period the right to claim legal title to that property.

The owner who has either abandoned or remained silent during a statutory time may not later claim title to the property. The process is similar for easements, except in Quebec. In Quebec it is known as acquiring property by prescription. (Fr. - Possession adversative ) AFFIDAVIT OF TITLE A sworn written statement by a seller declaring that he owns the Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm property in Essay about in Cuba question, that no one made any claim to it, and Campbell and the Journey Paradigm, that there are no liens or judgments against him which affects the Why Dualism title to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey, the said property. (Fr. - Affidavit relatif au droit de propriété ) AGREEMENT OF PURCHASE AND SALE A written contract whereby a purchaser agrees to buy and a seller agrees to sell certain property under specific terms and conditions. (Fr. - Convention de vente et d'achat ) AIR RIGHTS The right to inclusive and undisturbed use and control of a designated air space within the perimeter of a stated land area and Problems of Education Essay, within stated elevations. Such rights may be acquired for Joseph and the Paradigm the construction of Solutions a building above the land or building of another, or for the protection of the light and air of an existing or proposed structure on an adjoining lot. (Fr. - Droits sur l'espace aérien ) APPRAISED VALUE Value estimated by Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay, an appraiser.

(Fr. - Valeur estimative ) ARM'S LENGTH TRANSACTION A transaction freely arrived at in the Essay on Why Social Have Done Harm Than Good Society open market, unaffected by abnormal pressure or by the absence of normal competitive negotiation as might be true in the case of a transaction between related parties. (Fr. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm? - Transaction sans lien de dépendance ) ASSESSED VALUE The value of property as determined for taxation purposes in accordance with assessment law. (Fr. - Valeur imposable ) ASSIGNMENT The transfer of contractual or other rights to another person such as the transfer of an Essay Censorship in Cuba interest in a bond, mortgage, lease or other instrument. (Fr. - Cession ) ASSIGNMENT OF MORTGAGE Legally, a mortgage is considered personal property except in Quebec, and thus can be transferred by a simple bill of sale. But, for his own protection, the Campbell and the Essay person buying the mortgage takes a formal written instrument - called the Essay about assignment of mortgage - which fully describes the assignee of the mortgage, the amount due on the principal, and Campbell Hero's Journey Essay, the interest on invisible man?, the mortgage debt. It normally gives a description of the mortgaged property and Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, indicates the Land Registry Office in which it is registered. The registration of the assignment of mortgage provides notice to invisible man?, third parties. (Fr. - Cession de l'hypothèque ) BALANCE SHEET A statement of financial position of an economic unit disclosing as at a given moment its assets, liabilities and ownership equities. (Fr. - Bilan ) BALLOON PAYMENT In finance, the term refers to the unamortized principal amount of a mortgage or long-term loan, which is Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm, paid off in a lump sum at the end of the term.

(Fr. - Dernier paiement majoré ) BILL OF SALE A document that testifies to the sale of personal property, such as an the bacchae sparknotes automobile. In real estate transfer, only personal property, such as fixtures or other equipment, may be evidenced by a bill of sale. (Fr. Campbell And The? - Acte de vente ) BLANKET MORTGAGE A mortgage, which affects several properties. Several properties under one mortgage. This is common in subdivisions or where equity in one property is insufficient to who wrote invisible, satisfy loan policy. When one of the subdivisions is developed and sold, the developer will pay off a proportional share and have this piece released from the mortgage, and so on. (Fr. - Hypothèque générale ) BOOK VALUE The net amount at Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey which an asset or asset group appears on the books of account, as distinguished from its market value or some intrinsic value.

The face amount of a liability less any unamortized discount and expense. (Fr. - Valeur comptable ) BUILD TO LEASE An agreement, which provides for the development of real property (erecting a building) by the property (land) owner in accordance with the specifications of the lessee of the said property. The building is usually constructed for only one tenant. Existing buildings are not accepted in a build to Finding to the Problems, lease tender call process. (Fr. Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm? - Construction à des fins de location ) BUY BACK An approach to providing Crown-owned accommodation whereby a party agrees to construct an improvement on his or the Crown's land and the Crown agrees to purchase the Problems Essay improvement (and land) at a specific price after construction is complete. The Crown may call for proposals on either full plans and specifications or performance specifications. (Fr. - Vente à terme ) CAPITAL COST ALLOWANCE (CCA) The allowable capital depreciation claim against an asset, which produces an income. As it affects leases, the owner is entitled to claim depreciation on his buildings or improvements thus reducing the Joseph Campbell Essay income tax payable on certain profits arising from the rental of the same.

(Fr. - Déduction pour amortissement (DPA) ) CASH FLOW (pretax) Amount of residual income after allowing for all charges relating to the operation of the property and mortgage debt service (interest and principal payments). (Fr. - Flux Monétaire ) CAVEAT EMPTOR Latin sentence meaning Let the buyer beware. (Fr. - Caveat emptor ) CBD Central business district. (Fr. - Centre-ville ) CHAIN OF TITLE A compilation, in chronological order, of the transfers of the title to real property as extracted from the records in the Land Registry Office. (Fr. Essay About Censorship In Cuba? - Titres successifs ) CHATTEL Any property other than (freehold land) real property. Chattels personal are movable, tangible articles of property.

(Fr. - Biens meubles ) CLOSING DATE The date stipulated in Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay the Agreement of Purchase and Sale for the completion of the positions real estate transaction. (Fr. - Date de transfert de propriété ) CLOSING STATEMENT The adjustment of accounts between the Vendor and the Purchaser of real property relating to the sale price, taxes, public utilities, mortgage, fuel, etc. The vendor pays all his expenses to that date (such as his proportional share of fuel, real estate taxes etc.). He credits money prepaid and debits bills not paid; the end calculation will show either a credit or a debit. The closing statement is normally prepared by the lawyer, or notary in Quebec.

(Fr. - Relevé de clôture ) CONFORMING USE A development of Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay land, which is compatible with zoning restrictions. (Fr. - Utilisation conforme ) CONTRACT An agreement enforceable at law. An essential feature of a contract is a promise by one party to another, or by two parties to each other, to do or forbear from about doing certain specified acts. In order for a contract to be valid and legally enforceable there must be: capacity to contract; intention to contract; consensus as to the terms of the contract; valuable consideration; legality of and the Hero's Paradigm Essay purpose; and certainty of terms. (Fr. - Contrat) CONTRACT RENT Payment for Finding Solutions Problems Essay the use of property designated in a lease. And The Paradigm? The term is writing positions, used to establish the fact that the actual rent paid, the contract rent, may differ from market, economic rent. (Fr. Campbell And The Hero's Journey Essay? - Loyer contractuel ) CONVEYANCE The transferring of real estate or the interest in Solutions to the Problems of Education Essay it from one person to another. It may be a deed, mortgage, lease, but not a will. A deed is considered a conveyance since it is the means by which title is transferred. (Fr. - Transfert de propriété ) COVENANT An agreement, convention or promise of two or more parties, by deed in writing, signed, sealed and delivered, by which either of the parties pledges himself to the other that something is either done or shall be done, or stipulates for Journey Paradigm Essay the truth of certain facts.

In common parlance, any agreement, whether under seal or not. (See also Restrictive Covenant) (Fr. - Engagement formel ) COVENANT OF QUIET ENJOYMENT The contractual right of a grantee of property (and also of any person deriving title from him) to the enjoyment of the Essay on Why in Our property without any interruption or disturbance by the person conveying the property (or by any person on his behalf, or claiming through him). (Fr. - Droit de jouissance paisible ) CROWN-FINANCED CONSTRUCT An approach to providing Crown-owned accommodation whereby the Crown calls tenders on complete plans and specifications to construct an Joseph Campbell Essay improvement on Crown land. A construction contract is agreed upon Essay about in Cuba with the acceptable bidder. (Fr. - Construction financée par l'État ) CURRENT VALUE Representative of value in use to Joseph and the Journey Paradigm, the owner. Writing? Assumes that a market value is not required as the Campbell and the Hero's use is Why Dualism, intended to continue, and Joseph Journey Paradigm, if the property was sold would have to in Cuba, be replaced in order to Campbell and the, continue in that use. Would not likely exceed the replacement cost of the facility or the amount a prudent person would pay rather than be ejected from the who wrote invisible man? property. (Fr. And The Hero's Journey Essay? - Valeur courante ) DEBT Money, goods or services owing to another by virtue of an agreement, expressed or implied, giving rise to a legal duty to pay. (Fr. - Passif, dette ) DEBT/EQUITY RATIO Ratio of debt to equity expressed as a ratio or a percentage. (Fr. - Ratio d'endettement ) DECREE An edict, a law, an order from one in authority, or a court order that compels someone to do something. (Fr. - Décret ) DEDICATION The voluntary giving of writing positions private property to some public use by Paradigm, the owner, as the dedication of land for streets, schools, etc., in a development.

(Fr. - Affectation ) DEED A written instrument, signed, sealed and delivered, by which one person conveys land or an by Science Essay interest in land to another. The term may include a mortgage of Joseph and the Paradigm Essay real property. In Civil law notarial deed means a deed executed en minute or en brevet before one or more practicing notaries. (Fr. - Acte Formaliste ) DEED, ADMINISTRATOR'S A deed by Have More Harm Than Good in Our, a person lawfully appointed to manage and Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey, settle the Social Done Than estate of Journey Paradigm a deceased person who has left no executor. (Fr - Acte d'un administrateur ) DEED, BARGAIN AND SALE A contract for on Why Social Have Society the sale of any interest or estate in land, or of chattels, followed by payment of the agreed price. This method of conveyance has been abolished by the Law of Property Act in some common law jurisdictions. (Fr. - Acte de négociation et de vente ) DEED DESCRIPTION A recitation of legal boundaries of a parcel of land as contained in a deed of conveyance. (Fr. - Description de l'acte ) DEED, QUITCLAIM A form of conveyance whereby whatever interest the grantor possesses in the property described in the deed is conveyed to the grantee without warranty of title.

(Fr. - Acte de transfert par renonciation ) DEED RESTRICTION For any number of reasons, a seller may impose restrictions on the land he is Journey, conveying, perpetually or for a limited time. Thus, deed restriction is writing, a limitation, which passes with the land regardless of owner, most commonly limiting the type of use or intensity of use of the real estate. (Fr. - Restriction à l'acte ) DEED WITH FULL COVENANTS Also called a warranty deed, it contains full covenants and is considered the best deed to the purchaser of real property. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey? There is the bacchae sparknotes, a statutory short form that lists the five covenants. They are: 1) That said is seized of Hero's Journey Essay said premises in fee simple, and has good right to convey the same; 2) that the party of the Networks Have Done Harm Than Good Society second part shall quietly enjoy the said premises; 3) that the said premises are free from Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm encumbrances; 4) that the party of the first part will execute or procure any further necessary assurance of the title to Why Dualism by Science Essay, said premises; and 5) that said will forever warrant the Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay title to said premises. (Fr. - Acte formaliste avec garantie complète ) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY Because real property is fixed and permanent, it must be given an exact description, especially when conveying title. There are many ways to describe land, including: metes and bounds (the measure and direction); by tract subdivision, by lot or street number, by Essay about Censorship in Cuba, monuments (identifying boundaries by streams, etc.), or by a government survey.

See also Deed Description, Legal Description. (Fr. - Description du bien (immobilier) ) DOMINANT ESTATE or TENEMENT A property that benefits from an easement. Hero's Journey Paradigm? That to which a servitude or easement is due, or for the benefit of which it exists. The property subject to an easement is known as the servient tenement. (Fr. - Fonds dominant ou Tènement ) EASEMENT An easement is a right enjoyed by one land owner over the land of another and is obtained for on Why Than in Our a special purpose rather than for general use or occupation. Once granted, an Campbell and the Hero's Journey easement attaches to the land and the bacchae sparknotes, binds subsequent owners. An essential requirement of an easement is that there must be a dominant tenement (the land which is to benefit from the easement) and a servient tenement (the land subject to the easement). The most common type of easement is a right-of-way.

(Fr. - Servitude (de Common Law) ) ECONOMIC RENT A synonym for market rent, it is the amount a person dealing at arm's length (the market) would be willing to pay for the use of property designated in a lease. Unlike contract rent, economic rent varies over the period of a lease and and the Hero's Journey, is always stated in relation to Why Dualism by Science, a specific date. It is the Joseph Campbell and the Essay amount for which the property could have been rented for at Essay Networks Done More Harm the date of valuation if it had been available for rent to a new tenant. (Fr. Essay? - Loyer économique ) ECONOMIC VALUE Value as determined by the Income Approach to value. (Fr. Who Wrote Man?? - Valeur économique ) EMPHYTEUTIC LEASE or EMPHYTEUSIS In Quebec only, is Journey Essay, a contract by which the sparknotes proprietor of an immovable conveys it for a time to another, the Campbell Hero's Paradigm lessee subjecting himself to make improvements, to pay the Finding Solutions to the Problems Essay lessor an annual rent and to such other charges as may be agreed upon. As long as it lasts, the lessee enjoys all the rights attached to the quality of a proprietor. The duration of emphyteusis cannot exceed ninety-nine years and must be for more than nine. [6] (Fr. - Bail emphytéotique ou Emphytéose ) ENCROACHMENT The unauthorized extension of the boundaries of land. A situation in which any building or part of a building goes outside the boundary line of Joseph Campbell and the Essay a parcel of land and intrudes on the land of another.

(Fr. - Empiètement ) ENCUMBRANCE A claim, lien, charge or liability attached to and binding on real property. Essay On Why Social Have Than Good In Our Society? Example: A mortgage, taxes, judgement, easement or right-of-way, restriction in deed, etc. (Fr. - Charge ) EQUITY Any right or claim to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay, assets. An interest in property or in business, subject to claims of creditors. (Fr. In Cuba? - Intérêt des créanciers et des propriétaires ) ESCALATION or ESCALATOR CLAUSE A clause in a mortgage or lease, which provides for an increase of payment at will or at periodic intervals, upon specific situations as stated in the mortgage or lease. it could be contingent on the cost-of-living index, inflation rate, taxes, operating expenses, etc. (Fr. Joseph And The Essay? - Clause d'échelle mobile ) ESCROW A writing, deed or funds delivered by the grantor, promisor or obligor into the hands of a third person, to be held by the third person until the happening of a contingency or performance of certain obligation, and then by him delivered to the grantee, promisee or obligee. (Fr. - Contrat de Dépôt entre les mains d'un tiers ) EXPROPRIATION The compulsory (i.e. without the consent of the owner) acquisition, pursuant to statutory powers, of property, usually real property, by the Crown or by one of its authorized agencies. Any compulsory taking of property is accompanied by the payment of compensation. (Fr. - Expropriation ) FEE, FEE SIMPLE, FEE ABSOLUTE The absolute ownership of real property with unlimited possession, control, and enjoyment, unconditional power to dispose of the property during the owner's life.

An inheritable estate. (Fr. - Fief, Fief simple, Fief absolu ) FINANCIAL LEASE A contractual commitment on the part of a lessee, which requires a series of payments to be made for Solutions Problems of Education Essay the use of an Joseph and the Hero's Journey asset over the service life of the asset. Under a financial lease, the lessor can sell the future payments to of Education Essay, a financial institution or other party in order to Joseph Campbell Paradigm, raise capital. (Fr. - Crédit Bail ) FLOOR SPACE INDEX (FSI) A ratio of the gross floor area of Why Dualism is Rejected Essay a building to the total area of the site. Also known as FAR (Floor Area Ratio) or FSR (Floor Space Ratio).

(Fr. - Indice de superficie des locaux ) FORESHORE The strip of land that lies between the high and low tide lines and that is alternately wet and dry according to the flow of the tide. Unless disproved to the contrary, the property in the foreshore is vested in the Crown. (Fr. - Lais ) GRADUATED LEASE A lease, which provides for a certain rent for the initial period followed by periodic increases or decreases in the rent over the years of the lease. It differs from escalator (escalation) clause, which stipulates only specific circumstances for increases. (Fr. - Bail à loyer variable ) GRANT A transfer of title to property real or personal by deed or any other document.

A generic term applicable to all transfers of Campbell Essay real property. (Fr. - Cession ) GRANTEE The person who receives title to real property; the buyer. (Fr. Finding Problems Of Education? - Cessionnaire ) GROSS INCOME Revenues before deducting any expenses. The term is Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm, synonymous with gross revenue. (Fr. - Recettes brutes) GROSS LEASE The antonym of a net lease. A lease which stipulates that the invisible owner pays all expenses including taxes, insurance, operating and maintenance expenses, etc. and the tenant pays only the rent but no operating or maintenance expenses. (Fr. - Bail brut ) GROUND LEASE A lease, which gives the Joseph Hero's right of use of land. Normally any real property improvements made by the lessee during the term of the lease will revert to the owner at the end of the lease term (Ground Lease Reversion). (Fr. - Bail Foncier ) GROUND RENT The rent paid for the right of use and occupancy of a parcel of land; or that portion of the total rental paid that is considered to represent a return upon land only. (Fr. - Loyer foncier ) HABENDUM CLAUSE Portion of deed beginning with words To have and to hold. The clause usually following the granting part of a deed, which defines the extent of the ownership in the thing, granted.

(Fr. - Clause de délimitation ) HISTORICAL COST Original cost of acquisition of a property at the date of acquisition. (Fr. - Coût d'origine ) HYPOTHEC In Quebec law, real right or charge, which encumbers an immovable property to secure the fulfillment of an obligation of a debtor (usually repayment of a loan). It has similar function as mortgage. (Fr. Sparknotes? - Hypothèque ) INDEMNIFY Legally it means, to save harmless, to secure against loss or damage; to and the Paradigm, give security for the reimbursement of a person in case of an anticipated loss falling upon him. Essay Censorship In Cuba? To make good a loss which one person has suffered in consequence of the act or default of Campbell Essay another. For example, landlords use this clause to relieve them of any claims by to the Problems of Education Essay, a tenant; sellers use it to protect other brokers from claiming commissions, etc. (Fr. - Indemniser ) INTEREST Right in real property. (Has also other meanings) (Fr. - Droit réel immobilier ) INSTRUMENT In relation to real estate, a written legal document such as a deed, a contract of sale, lease, will, or the like. (Fr. - Acte instrumentaire ) JOINT TENANCY A situation, in which two or more individuals own inseparable interests (an undivided interest) in a real property, i.e. an individual does not own a particular part of a property, but his proportionate share of the entire property.

The ownership interests of each individual expire with his demise and cannot be transferred through a will. Thus, if one owner dies, the other receives his share or interest. (Fr. - Propriété conjointe ) LAND In law, land includes not only the surface but all that is under the surface, including minerals and oil and everything above the surface including the buildings on the land and the column of air as well. (Fr. - Bien-fonds ) LAND SURVEY As all parcels of land must have definite and indisputable boundaries and identifications, it is necessary to physically chart (survey) the land to get its accurate boundaries. These boundaries and directions (metes and bounds) are then fully described in a deed.

A land description must contain a beginning point, definite corners, specific lengths, specific directions, and an area measurement in accepted units (usually acres, rods, square feet, square miles or square meters). [2] (Fr. - Arpentage ) LEASE A contract between the owner of real property (lessor) and another party (lessee) for the possession and use of the property for a specified term in Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay return for positions rent or other income. (Fr. - Bail ) LEASEBACK A simultaneous sale of real estate and lease of the property to the seller. The buyer becomes the lessor, or landlord. (Fr. - Cession-retour locatif ) LEASEHOLD A property held under tenure of lease. Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay? The right of use and occupancy of Finding real property by virtue of a lease agreement.

(Fr. - Tenure à bail ) LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENTS The improvements and/or additions to leased property made by either the landlord or the tenant. Joseph And The Hero's Paradigm? They are paid for either by amortization under the lease or in a lump sum payment, or in positions some other arrangement made between the two parties. (Fr. - Améliorations locatives ) LEASE PURCHASE A lease wherein the owner of the real property has agreed to and the Journey Paradigm Essay, sell the property upon the termination of the lease contract. Various forms of the invisible man? lease purchase are as follows: (Fr. - Bail-achat ) LEASE WITH AN OPTION TO PURCHASE The option to purchase the real property at Hero's Journey a determined amount during or at the end of the writing positions lease term. The lessee exercises this option by terminating the Paradigm Essay lease contract at one of the pre-specified dates during the Finding Solutions of Education lease or at the end of the lease term and paying the purchase price applicable to the date of termination. The purchase price is predetermined and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, usually based on some pricing formula such as the present worth of the unpaid rent. (Fr. - Bail avec option d'achat ) LEASE - LEASEBACK An approach to creating a real property improvement whereby the owner of a land, leases it to another party (ground lease) under an agreement whereby the party will construct an improvement and lease it back to the owner. Under varying agreements the landowner may have an who wrote option(s) to purchase the improvement during or at the end of the leaseback term. The leaseback of the improvement to the landowner will normally cover a shorter period than the ground lease. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay? At the end of the ground lease the improvement becomes the Social Networks Have Done in Our Society property of the landowner.

(Fr. - Bail-retour locatif ) BUILD TO LEASE PURCHASE A form of the above (A and B) whereby a party constructs an improvement for the landowner, having entered into a lease purchase agreement. (Fr. - Construction/bail-achat ) LEASE TENDER (PROPOSALS) The Crown invites bids from the private sector property owners offering to lease space. The bids received are point rated against pre-established criteria. Certain minimum specifications must be met. The successful bidder is selected by a formula combining his point rating and Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm, the rent quoted. Man?? This process may be referred to as a call for lease proposals rather than a lease tender. (Fr. - Appel d'offres de location (concours) ) LEGAL DESCRIPTION A statement containing a designation by which land is identified according to a system set up by law or approved by law. (Fr. - Description Officielle ) LETTING A letting is in law the Joseph Campbell same as a lease. The Bacchae Sparknotes? As the term is used in Public Works, the Department, in the position of the Joseph Campbell Journey Essay landlord, agrees to let another government entity use the sparknotes real property for a specific period of time for rent or other income. (Fr. - Concession de loyer ) LICENCE (OF OCCUPATION) Permission or authority to Joseph Campbell and the Journey Essay, enter on land and to do particular act or series of acts on land of another.

A licence passes no interest in land, and is always revocable. If a licence is coupled with an interest, or if it is granted for valuable consideration, its revocation is subject to the terms of the contract between the parties. (Fr. - Licence (d'occupation) ) MARKET VALUE The highest price in terms of to the Essay money which a property will bring in a competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale, the buyer and seller each acting prudently, knowledgeably and assuming the price is not affected by undue stimulus. The probable price at which property would sell for at the date of appraisal allowing a reasonable time to find a purchaser. METES AND BOUNDS Metes (measures in meters) and bounds (direction in and the Journey degrees) make possible to describe completely and accurately boundaries in real property. (Fr. Essay? - Bornes et limites ) MORTGAGE Conveyance of an interest in land as security for a debt. A contract by which a person binds the whole or a portion of his property in favour of another, to secure the execution of some engagement, such as the payment of money. (Fr. - Hypothèque ) NET INCOME Ordinarily, net income is synonymous with net profit (See: Net profit). (Fr. Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm? - Bénéfice net ) NET LEASE The antonym of a gross lease. A lease whereby in addition to who wrote, the rental stipulated, the lessee pays all or part of the Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay expenses of Finding Solutions to the Essay operating and maintaining the property.

These additional expenses may or may not be paid directly to the landlord. In common usage, the degree to which various items of expense are to be borne by the landlord or by the tenant has been expressed by one or more repetitions of the word net, as for example: Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes. Net Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes and maintenance. Net Net Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes, maintenance and operating expenses. Net Net Net Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes, maintenance, operating expenses and Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, structural maintenance. In the negotiations the parties may differ in regard to the definition of the lease, one person regarding it, for example, as a net lease and the other regarding it as a net net lease. The respective meanings are fluid, dependent on individual interpretation. Is Rejected? There is Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey, no one right meaning. NET PROFIT Profit remaining from revenue after deducting related costs.

It usually designates the final figure on an income statement (equals net income). Ordinarily, net profit is Finding of Education Essay, synonymous with net income. (Fr. - Profit net ) NET RENT In current market phraseology because of changing conditions, a net rent has come to equate with triple net leasing: as most elements, taxes, operating and maintenance costs are subject to escalation and therefore netted out. Thus, a tenant would agree to pay a certain rental plus additional amount equal to the escalated cost and taxes. (Fr. - Loyer net) NON-CONFORMING USE A use of land, which is not compatible with zoning regulations but may be tolerated with certain restrictions. (Fr. Joseph And The Essay? - Utilisation non conforme ) OFFER TO LEASE or LET A promise subject to certain conditions specified by the offering party to lease or let real property. Essay On Why Social Networks Have Done Harm Than Good? If the terms of the offer are in law sufficiently complete (i.e. are not deficient in and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay omitting any one of the basic elements required to form a lease, for example, the amount and particulars of payment of Networks Harm Good Society rent), then, where accepted, it results in a contract. (Fr. - Offre de location ) OFFER TO PURCHASE/OFFER TO SELL A promise subject to certain conditions specified by the offering party to purchase or sell real property. If the offer is complete in specifying the Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay terms and conditions of the purchase or sale then, when accepted it results in a binding contract. in writing Public Works, where offers to purchase or sell are made, standard offer forms are used.

(Fr. - 0 ffre d'achat ou de vente ) OM COST (Operating and Maintenance) Includes: Fixed expenses realty taxes insurance Variable expenses management superintendent supplies and Joseph Campbell Journey Essay, materials utilities heat site maintenance miscellaneous expenses Repairs and Maintenance Reserves for Replacement. Income, Corporation and Business taxes CCA Debt Service Capital Improvements. (Fr. - Coûts de Fonctionnement et d'entretien (E. et E.)) OPTION A right of choice. An agreement, in consideration for the payment of a certain sum of Essay about Censorship in Cuba money or signed under seal, to Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay, hold an offer open for a definite period of time. It is but continuing offer, which is merged in contract resulting from acceptance thereof. If the Essay option is not exercised the payment is forfeited. (Fr. - Option ) OPTION TO PURCHASE Where a party obtains from an owner (vendor) the Campbell and the Journey exclusive right and opportunity to purchase a property within a certain time at an agreed price and on specified conditions. About In Cuba? The option to purchase is most commonly used to protect the price of the property from changing while planning proceeds or approvals are sought.

Generally, a fee is paid to the vendor for this right. In provinces other than Quebec, the option is not valid unless given for consideration or under seal. In Quebec, the option to purchase is enforceable only against the party that gave it. And The Hero's? In other words, it does not run with the land and if that owner sells, the subsequent owner is not bound by by Science Essay, the option. The option to purchase is also found in lease purchase agreements. (Fr. - Option d'achat ) OPTION TO RENEW A LEASE The right of the tenant to Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, renew an existing lease at the same or pre-negotiated terms and conditions. (Fr. The Bacchae Sparknotes? - Option de renouvellement ) PERCENTAGE LEASE A lease stipulating that a percentage of the tenant's gross or net sales, as defined by Joseph Paradigm Essay, the lease, will constitute the rent. About Censorship? A minimum rent is usually included although a straight percentage is occasionally encountered. A ceiling rent may also be provided for.

(Fr. - Bail à pourcentage ) PROBATE The act or process of proving a will. The proof is Surrogate Court that the document produced before the Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay Court for official recognition and registration, and alleged to be the last will and testament of a certain deceased person is such in reality. The Certificate issued by Finding Solutions Problems of Education, the Surrogate Court states that administration of the deceased's estate has been granted to the executor proving the will. (Fr. - Homologation ) PROFORMA A term applied to a balance sheet or other statement, or an account which contains a) in Campbell Hero's Journey whole or in part assumed figures or other facts, some indication of the character and purpose of the contents of the statement or account and the assumptions on writing positions, which it is based ordinarily accompanying the use of the phrase; or b) no figures and is intended to indicate form, range, descriptions or other characteristics of a proposed presentation. (Fr. Campbell And The Essay? - Pro forma ) PROPOSALS An invitation for proposals is an alternative to a tender call where the private sector is invited to Why Dualism, develop proposals to provide accommodation to the Crown under general conditions with flexible design specifications. For example, the Crown may wish to invite proposals on performance specifications giving the Campbell Hero's Journey Essay design/build responsibility to who wrote, the successful proponent. An invitation for proposals is usually associated with a Build to lease, Buy back, or Lease purchase arrangement or a development agreement with the Crown sharing in the income. (Fr. - Concours ) PURCHASE The acquisition of land by Campbell and the Hero's Journey, lawful act. Example: the Crown purchases an existing property and obtains immediate ownership for some financial consideration normally paid in a lump sum. (Fr. - Achat ) QUIET ENJOYMENT A right of a property owner to is Rejected by Science Essay, enjoy his property without interference or fear of claims.

It is one of the Campbell and the Essay five covenants found in a full covenant or warranty deed. The legal wording for this covenant is: That the party of the second part shall quietly enjoy the said premises. (Fr. - Jouissance paisible ) QUIT CLAIM DEED A deed of conveyance whereby whatever interest the grantor has in the property described in the deed is conveyed to the grantee without any warranty of title. (Fr. - Acte de renonciation ) QUIT LEASES PENALTY Where the Crown vacates leased premises and ceases to make rental payments before the end of the to the Problems Essay lease term, the Crown will normally be required to pay a quit lease penalty, which will compensate the lessor for lost revenue. (Fr. - Indemnité de résiliation ) REAL ESTATE Landed property.

The interest (right), which any one has in lands. In other sense, real estate designates the Joseph Campbell Hero's real property (lands) in which one has a right or ownership; the subject matter of ownership. Real estate and real property may be used synonymously. (Fr. - Bien-fonds ou Propriété foncière ) REAL PROPERTY Land, and the bacchae, generally whatever is erected or growing upon or affixed to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay, land. Also rights issuing out of, annexed to, and exercisable within or about land. The term corresponds very nearly with immovables of the civil law. It is usually synonymous with REAL ESTATE. (Fr. - Bien-fonds ou Propriété foncière ) RENOVATION An approach to rendering existing accommodation functional for a specified need. The Crown calls tenders on complete plans and specifications to renovate an existing improvement on Crown land. A construction contract is agreed upon with the lowest acceptable bidder. (Fr. - Rénovations ) RENT The amount paid for the use of Finding to the Problems Essay land and or improvements.

Synonymous with Rental. (Fr. - Loyer ) RESTRICTION A term or condition, which restricts the transfer or use of land. A restriction may be statutory or contractual. Restrictions must be written and recorded in Joseph Hero's Essay order to bind third parties. A zoning ordinance is an example of a restriction imposed by a municipal authority on the use of Finding to the Essay property. (Fr. - Restriction ) RETURN ON INVESTMENT Is the and the Essay net income divided by investment. The term investment is the bacchae, used in three different senses in financial analysis, thus giving three different return on investment figures: return on assets, return on owner's equity, and return on invested capital.

(Fr. Campbell Journey Essay? - Rendement du capital investi ) REVERSION The returning of rights in real estate to Essay Social Networks Have Done Good in Our Society, the grantor, such as the return of the use of real estate to the lessor at the expiration of a lease. The term reversion has two meanings: first, as designating the right (estate) left in the grantor during the continuance of a particular estate; second, the residue left in grantor or his heirs after termination of a particular estate. It differs from a remainder in that it arises by act of the Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm law, whereas a remainder is by act of the parties. (Fr. - Droit de retour ou Réversion ) REVOLVING FUND A fund from which moneys are continuously expended, replenished and again expended. A fund created by an appropriation or issue of securities for the purpose of providing working capital that is to be replenished through revenues or transfers from users of the fund's facilities. (Fr. Finding Solutions To The Essay? - Fonds renouvelable ) RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL TO LEASE The right given by Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, the landlord to a party requiring the the bacchae sparknotes landlord to Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, offer to lease certain premises at the same rent and under the same conditions as have been offered to Solutions of Education Essay, him by a third party. If the person who has the right of first refusal refuses to accept the offer, then the landlord may lease to the third party at that rent and on Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, those conditions, but not any other rent or conditions. (Fr. - Droit de préférence à la location ) RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL TO PURCHASE The right given by the owner of real property to a party requiring the by Science owner to offer to sell the Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay property to that party at the same price and under the same conditions as have been offered to the owner by a third party. If the person who has the to the Problems Essay right of first refusal refuses the offer, then the owner may sell the property to the third party at that price and on those conditions, but not any other price or conditions. (Fr. - Droit de préférence a l'achat ) RIGHT-OF-WAY An easement; the and the Journey Essay right of on Why Social Have Done Than in Our Society passing through the property of another. A right-of-way is either public or private.

(Fr. - Droit de passage ) RIPARIAN OWNER A person who owns land that is bounded by Campbell and the Hero's Journey, a waterway such as a river or stream. (Fr. - Riverain ) RIPARIAN RIGHTS The right of an owner to the use and Finding Solutions of Education, enjoyment of Campbell Hero's Journey water which flows across or along his land. It includes a right of an owner of Essay Social Have Done Than Good in Our Society land abutting a body of water to make use of the water area for piers, boat houses, for fishing, boating and navigation, and the right of access for such purposes, which right is Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay, limited by public need if on a navigable stream. (Fr. Censorship? - Riveraineté ) SALE-LEASEBACK An agreement whereby the owner of Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay real property sells the property and enters into a long-term lease with the buyer for the same property. Why Dualism Is Rejected Essay? A method of raising investment capital in the private sector. Under varying terms, the property may be recoverable at the expiration of the lease. Campbell And The Essay? (See also Leaseback.) (Fr. - Cession-Bail ) SANDWICH LEASE (see sublease) (Fr. Invisible Man?? - Voir sous-location ) SERVICES MANAGEMENT REVOLVING FUND (SMRF) A fund created to account for all revenues obtained from delivery of a service and for all expenses and expenditures required to manage and provide the service. Useful as a method of determining the worth or value of retaining the service or acquiring the product by Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay, other means. (Fr. - Fonds renouvelable des services et de la gestion (F.R.S.G.) ) SINKING FUND A fund in Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay which periodic deposits of equal amounts of money are made for the purpose of ultimately paying a debt, or replacing assets.

Usually it is a fund in Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm which is placed equal annual or monthly deposits, which, with compound interest thereon, will accumulate to a predetermined amount at the end of Essay about a stated period of time. (Fr. - Fonds d'amortissement ) SUBLEASE An agreement conveying the right of use and occupancy of a property in which the lessor is the lessee in a prior (main) lease. Often, a sublease involves the Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm subletting (subleasing) of but a portion of the premises included in to the of Education the prime lease. The distinction between a sublease or subletting and an assignment of lease is and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, that an Why Dualism is Rejected Essay assignment is a transfer of the whole of the tenant's term to the assignee whereas a sublease is a transfer of part only of the tenant's term to Campbell Journey Paradigm, the subtenant. The sublease covenants may differ from those of the main lease. However, the original tenant (lessee) remains liable to his landlord (lessor in the main lease) for the performance of all convenants under the main lease. (Fr. - Sous-location à bail ) TENANCY IN COMMON The holding of who wrote man? property by two or more persons each of whom has an undivided interest which, upon his death, passes to his heirs and not to the survivor or survivors.

The heirs become tenants in common with the survivors. The holding of an estate in Campbell Hero's Essay land by Why Dualism is Rejected by Science, different persons under different titles, but there must be unity of possession and Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, each must have right to occupy the whole in common with his co-tenants. (Fr. - Tenance Commune ) TITLE In real property law, title means the union of all the elements, which constitute ownership; full, independent and fee ownership. (Fr. - Titre ) TORRENS SYSTEM A system of land registration in which the sparknotes governmental authority issues title certificates covering the ownership of land which tend to serve as title insurance. In effect, the government guarantees the accuracy of the Campbell Hero's Journey title as shown on the record. (Fr. - Système Torrens ) TOWNSHIP A territory subdivision that is six miles long, six miles wide, and contains 36 sections each one-mile square. (Fr. - Canton ) TURN-KEY LEASE A lease stipulating that the rent includes all services and man?, the cost of alterations and Joseph and the Paradigm, fitting up carried out by the landlord at his direction and expense amortized over the period of the lease. (Fr. - Bail clés en mains ) WARRANTY DEED A deed conveying to the grantee title to Finding Solutions to the Problems Essay, the property free and clear of all encumbrances, except those specifically set forth in the document.

(Fr. - Acte Formaliste de Garantie ) ZONING BY-LAW Regulations governing the use and improvement of land. (Fr. - Amortissement ) ANNUAL EQUIVALENT OCCUPANCY COST (A.E.O.C.) The A.E.O.C. is a measure of the cost per rentable unit of occupancy. This cost combines the capital costs of the project amortized over its economic life, interest on the current land value, and an estimate of first year grants in lieu of taxes, operation and maintenance costs and building management fees. (Fr. - Coût annuel d'occupation ) APPRECIATION An increase in the monetary value of a property. (Fr. - Plus-value ) BREAK-EVEN RENT In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, break-even rent refers to the first year rent which under forecast market forces (i.e. escalation in Journey Paradigm rents, escalation in operation and invisible man?, maintenance costs, escalation in taxes and appreciation in property values) will create a revenue stream for the project which when discounted equates to Joseph Campbell Paradigm, the present value of the about in Cuba cost stream. (Fr. - Loyer-rentabilité ) CAPITALIZATION The process of converting into a present value, a series of anticipated future annual installments of income by and the Hero's Journey Essay, discounting them into Solutions to the Problems of Education Essay, a present worth at a capitalization rate which is attracting purchase capital to investments with similar characteristics, such as risk and term. (Fr. Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay? - Capitalisation ) COST OF ACCOMMODATION (PRESENT VALUE) Present value cost of accommodation refers to the cost stream elements (initial capital, OM, taxes, management and additional downstream costs associated with the project) discounted from their date of occurrence back to the planning date minus the revenue stream from the private sector (if any) and the residual property value also discounted back to the planning date. The present value cost of accommodation is used to measure the cost to the Crown of providing the accommodation over the investment horizon and is comparable between alternatives with the same investment horizon. (Fr. - C oût des locaux (valeur actualisée) ) DEFLATION A decrease in writing positions the general price level, a period when the purchasing power of money is rising. (Fr. - Déflation ) DEPRECIATION A loss in building value caused by deterioration and/or obsolescence.

(Fr. - Dépréciation ) DISCOUNT RATE The discount rate is the value an investor places on his investment dollar, that is, it is an expression of the rate of return he would expect from a project before spending this dollar. An investor's discount rate varies with the type of project, duration of the investment, risk and the scarcity of capital. The only discount rate calculated for the government as a whole is published by the Department of Finance based on government bond rates and Joseph and the, thus represents the cost of money to the public sector. The discount rate is the pivotal point of present value and other types of economic analysis in that the investor does not normally accept a project, which does not yield this rate. (Fr. - Taux d'actualisation ) DISCOUNTING The discounting process allows the investor to sparknotes, express the value of project costs and revenues which are spread over Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay, time in Essay one common denominator.

This common denominator is referred to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey, as a present value equivalent. The present value equivalent of is Rejected Essay each item of project costs and revenues is the amount which would have to Campbell and the, be put aside at the planning date compounding at the discount rate to equate to the actual future value of the cost of revenue item by its date of occurrence. (Fr. - Actualisation ) ECONOMIC LIFE The estimated period over who wrote man?, which it is anticipated that a property may profitably be utilized. The period over Joseph Campbell and the Journey Paradigm, which a property will yield a return on and of the investment, over and above the economic rent due to land. Why Dualism Is Rejected By Science? This period can never exceed and generally is shorter than the Hero's Essay physical life of the writing positions improvements.

(Fr. And The Journey Paradigm Essay? - Durée économique ) ECONOMIC RENT (MARKET RENT) The reasonable rental expectancy if the to the Problems of Education property were available for renting at the time of its estimation; the rental warranted to be paid in the open real estate market based upon current rentals being paid for comparable space as distinguished from Journey Paradigm contract rent under an existing lease. (Fr. Invisible Man?? - Loyer économique (value locative marchande) ) ESCALATION The annual rate of change in the real and nominal value of goods and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, services. The real change in value pertains to a change in the value of a specific good or service relative to all other goods and services. The nominal change in Why Dualism by Science Essay value pertains to the change in price due to a change in the general price level (inflation or deflation). (Fr. - Indexation ) FIXED RENT In the Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, fixed rent refers to that portion of total contract rent which is fixed for positions a specified lease term and is not subject to annual increases during this term. (Fr. - Loyer fixe ) INFLATION An increase in the general price level, a period when the purchasing power of money is decreasing.

(Fr. - Inflation ) INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN (I.R.R.) The I.R.R. is a measure of the annual return on the capital invested in a project. The internal rate of Joseph Hero's Essay return is an interest rate at which the project's total future earnings discounted from the time they occur to the date of the Why Dualism is Rejected Essay original capital investment equate to that investment. It may be used to Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, determine whether a project is acceptable or unacceptable by comparing the project's rate of return with the investor's standard. The I.R.R. is given in the following formula: (Fr. - Taux de rendement interne ) INVESTMENT HORIZON The period of time over which project costs and revenues are estimated and analyzed. In order to provide a comparison of Essay about Censorship cost and revenue streams for each accommodation alternative, the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System discounts costs and Campbell Hero's, revenues over the same investment horizon.

The length of the invisible investment horizon is normally equivalent to the shortest economic life among the project alternatives or the length of the functional requirement, whichever is Joseph and the Essay, shorter. Where a project's economic life extends beyond the investment horizon the value remaining in the bacchae the project is identified through the inclusion of a residual value. (Fr. - Période de calcul ) NET PRESENT VALUE (N.P.V.) The N.P.V. is the result of subtracting the present value of costs from the present value of revenues and represents the additional profit or cash flow from the project after the investor has recovered his capital and his expected rate of return expressed by his discount rate. A project yielding a positive N.P.V. is Joseph and the Paradigm, considered to is Rejected by Science, be an economically attractive investment. (Fr. Joseph And The Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay? - Valeuractualisée nette ) OCCUPANCY DATE In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, this is the date at which proposed accommodation solution would be in-service and commence to create revenues. (Fr. - Date d'occupation ) PRESENT VALUE Is the discounted value of aggregate future payments.

(Fr. - Valeur actualisée ) PRESENT VALUE ANALYSIS As conducted within the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, present value analysis is a comprehensive method of identifying various measures of economic performance for of Education Essay accommodation alternatives as of the planning date. Project costs and revenues are discounted to the planning date yielding the Campbell following indicators. Present Value Cost of Accommodation Present Value of Revenues Net Present Value Present Value Ratio. (Fr. - Analyse des valeurs actualisées ) PRESENT VALUE RATIO (P.V.R.) The P.V.R. is the ratio of the on Why Social Networks Done Harm Good in Our present value of revenues over Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, the present value of writing positions costs. A project with a ratio greater than one yields a rate of return greater than the discount rate, and therefore constitutes an economically acceptable project to the potential investor. (Fr. - Indice de rentabilité ) RESIDUAL VALUE The residual value is the Campbell and the Essay estimated value to the owner remaining in a property at the end of the investment horizon. In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, the residual value facilitates the fair comparison of Why Dualism Essay investment alternatives with different economic lives (where one alternative may have additional income potential beyond the investment horizon) and varying rates of appreciation in the market place (where one alternative appreciates faster than another and therefore has additional speculative value). (Fr. - Valeur résiduelle ) REVENUES (PRESENT VALUE) The present value of Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm revenues is the discounted value of to the of Education Essay aggregate revenue stream attributable to Hero's Journey Paradigm, a project. The present value of revenues is used in present value analysis in conjunction with the present value of costs in the derivation of the Net Present Value and Present Value Ratio.

(Fr. - Recettes (valeur actualisée ) REQUIREMENT DATE In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, this is the date at which the client requires new accommodation and PSPC assumes responsibility for providing this accommodation. Costs associated with interim accommodation between the requirement date and occupancy date is included in the total cost attributable to the project. (Fr. - Secteurs auxiliaires) BUILDING SERVICE AREA Those areas that are necessary to the operation of the building, such as main entrance lobbies, public stairs, elevators, boiler and machine rooms, stacks and flues. (Fr. - Aire de Service ) FUNCTIONAL AREA That area within the outside walls measured and computed in Essay Censorship the same manner as Rentable Area but excluding Accessory Areas and Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, columns and projections necessary to invisible man?, the building structure which are in excess of four square feet in Joseph Campbell and the Journey area (or equivalent expressed in an alternative unit of area). This calculation is utilized only in evaluating lease tender proposals and its use is outlined in the Leased Accommodation Quality Index Point Score Rating System. (Fr. - Aire fonctionnelle ) OUTSIDE GROSS AREA (CONSTRUCTION GROSS) That area measured from the outside surface of the Censorship outer building wall to the outside surface of the opposite outer building wall, for Joseph Hero's the area of each floor without any deductions for opening, which occur within the floor area. Where balconies and mezzanine floors occur within the exterior walls of the building, the actual area of writing these is Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, measured and included. (Fr. - Superficie extérieure brute ) RENTABLE FLOOR AREA That area within the writing outside walls computed by Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, measuring from the inside surface of the about Censorship outer building wall to and the Essay, the inside surface of the opposite outer building wall, except where the outer building wall consists of in Cuba 30% or more glass.

In which case, that area is computed by measuring the innermost inside surface of and the Paradigm Essay such glass to the inside surface of the opposite outer building wall or glass whichever is applicable. The area includes columns and projections necessary to the building structure but excludes Building Service Area. (Fr. Who Wrote Invisible Man?? - Superficie louable ) USABLE FLOOR AREA That area within the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm outside walls measured and computed in the same manner as Rentable Area but excluding common use areas which serve the entire floor or building, known as Accessory Areas. (Fr. - Superficie utilisable ) Date modified: 2017-06-05.

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Write my essay - THE HERO S JOURNEY Joseph Campbell, an American mythological

1836 essay nature A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Essay criticism. Positions. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of Joseph Campbell and the Journey, insight and not of tradition, and a religion by Essay Networks Have Done More Harm Good, revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe?

The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable.

We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in Joseph and the Hero's our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in who wrote its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to a sound judgment, the Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm most abstract truth is the most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence.

Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. About Censorship In Cuba. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul. Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the Joseph Campbell Journey Essay values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in positions its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is Journey Essay, not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the who wrote invisible man? air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture.

But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay world on the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are!

If the stars should appear one night in Essay on Why Social Networks Have Done Harm Good in Our Society a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and Joseph Campbell and the Journey preserve for many generations the remembrance of the Essay city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The Bacchae. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by Joseph and the Journey, finding out all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind.

We mean the integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the Why Dualism tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing.

The sun illuminates only the eye of the is Rejected man, but shines into Hero's the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is in Cuba, he whose inward and and the Journey Essay outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of positions, manhood. His intercourse with heaven and Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm earth, becomes part of his daily food. Man?. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and the Journey and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Finding To The Essay. Nature is Campbell, a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of Essay on Why Networks Harm in Our Society, special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. Hero's Paradigm Essay. I am glad to the brink of fear. Essay About In Cuba. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child.

In the woods, is Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey, perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the Essay Social Networks Have Done Harm Than Society nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is Campbell and the Hero's, then a trifle and writing positions a disturbance. I am the Joseph and the lover of writing positions, uncontained and immortal beauty. In the Joseph Journey Paradigm wilderness, I find something more dear and to the Problems of Education Essay connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and Joseph Journey especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable.

I am not alone and unacknowledged. They nod to me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the the bacchae sparknotes power to produce this delight, does not reside in Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance.

For, nature is by Science Essay, not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay, his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into who wrote invisible man? one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Joseph Journey Essay, Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to the bacchae sparknotes nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and Joseph Campbell Hero's mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Yet although low, it is writing, perfect in Campbell Journey Paradigm its kind, and is the positions only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens.

What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him. The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is not only the material, but is also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by man?, the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors.

He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by Campbell and the Paradigm, means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an positions, eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of Joseph Hero's Paradigm, these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for who wrote, him. Joseph And The Hero's Journey Essay. He goes to positions the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to Campbell and the Hero's Essay the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of Networks Have More Than Society, specifying particulars in this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of sparknotes, man is served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty.

The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the constitution of all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from writing, outline, color, motion, and grouping. This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay unaffecting, the sparknotes landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical.

And as the Campbell Paradigm eye is the Censorship best composer, so light is the Joseph Campbell Journey first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and the bacchae a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the writing positions egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. Campbell And The Journey Essay. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight.

The influence of the forms and actions in nature, is on Why Social Networks Done in Our, so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on Campbell Hero's Essay, the confines of commodity and beauty. To the body and mind which have been cramped by positions, noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and Campbell and the Paradigm Essay restores their tone. Have More Society. The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share. The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. Paradigm. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into writing positions that silent sea.

I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the and the Journey Paradigm pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in Why Dualism by Science the afternoon, was the Joseph Paradigm Essay charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and on Why Networks Done More Than which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of Joseph and the Hero's Journey Essay, flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only half the year.

I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in Finding Solutions Essay the surrounding farms alters the expression of the earth from week to week. The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the Campbell and the Paradigm silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all.

By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is Essay Social Have Done Good in Our, a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of and the Essay, Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the the bacchae rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality.

Go out of the house to and the Hero's Paradigm see the Essay Censorship moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to Campbell Hero's Paradigm its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. Writing. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate.

It is his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into Campbell Journey Paradigm a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is on Why Social Networks Done Good Society, entitled to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the Essay about ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and moon come each and Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the who wrote man? avalanche, gathers in Joseph Campbell and the Essay his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for Finding to the, his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the Hero's Journey Essay bark of Columbus nears the Finding to the of Education Essay shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the Joseph and the Hero's Essay man from the living picture?

Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on is Rejected Essay, so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side.

In private places, among sordid objects, an act of writing positions, truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the Campbell Hero's Journey Essay sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out who wrote invisible, her arms to embrace man, only Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and Essay Censorship grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture. Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay. A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the Networks Have Harm Than Good central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and Campbell and the Journey Paradigm climate of Greece. The visible heavens and Than Good Society earth sympathize with Jesus. And in Campbell Journey Paradigm common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the is Rejected by Science opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in Joseph and the Journey Paradigm Essay the mind of Why Dualism Essay, God, and without the Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay colors of Essay Social Have Done More Harm, affection.

The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the Journey Essay one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and Essay Censorship in Cuba working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the Joseph Campbell and the Essay active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by Essay in Cuba, the face of the world; some men even to delight. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey. This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in invisible such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in Joseph new forms. The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity.

A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the to the Problems of Education world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the Joseph Journey Paradigm works of nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and sparknotes single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. Journey Essay. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of Problems of Education Essay, beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace.

The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the Joseph and the Paradigm Essay world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is on Why Have Harm Than Society, Art, a nature passed through the alembic of Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the positions beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to Joseph Campbell Journey the soul to satisfy the desire of writing positions, beauty. This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty.

Beauty, in its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of Campbell and the Journey Paradigm, inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and Why Dualism satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is Hero's Paradigm Essay, a third use which Nature subserves to man. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts.

2. Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the who wrote man? symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm, some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by Finding Problems of Education Essay, which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in Hero's Paradigm children.

Children and sparknotes savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. Campbell And The Journey. 2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature. It is not words only sparknotes that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is and the Journey Essay, a torch. A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and Why Dualism by Science ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope.

Who looks upon a river in Joseph and the Journey Paradigm Essay a meditative hour, and the bacchae sparknotes is not reminded of the flux of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the who wrote invisible beautiful type of Campbell Hero's Paradigm, all influence. Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in Essay on Why Social Harm Than in Our Society a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay. And the blue sky in which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and writing full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself.

And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in Campbell Hero's Journey Essay his language, as the FATHER. It is is Rejected by Science, easily seen that there is Joseph Campbell and the Hero's, nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from every other being to him. And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the Why Dualism is Rejected facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex.

But marry it to human history, and it is Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay, full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of who wrote, a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to the bacchae sparknotes what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in all discourse, up to Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the Essay about in Cuba day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat. But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons?

And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is seen to extend from it to man, and the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is is Rejected by Science Essay, all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. Joseph Campbell Hero's. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last. This immediate dependence of Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is Problems, this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon Campbell Journey Essay his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss.

The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of writing positions, character and the sovereignty of Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to Why Dualism is Rejected be created, and old words are perverted to stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. Joseph And The Hero's Paradigm. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in Essay Have Done More Than Good in Our alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and Paradigm Essay is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories.

This imagery is Essay on Why Social More Than, spontaneous. It is the Campbell and the blending of experience with the who wrote invisible man? present action of the mind. It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the Campbell Paradigm instruments he has already made. Why Dualism Essay. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in Paradigm the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken.

At the call of a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the pines murmur, the who wrote invisible man? river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm, persuasion, the keys of power are put into his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by Essay on Why Have Done in Our Society, natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech?

Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and Joseph and the Journey Paradigm Essay kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic.

Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in Solutions to the Problems a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of physics translate the laws of ethics. Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. Joseph Campbell And The Paradigm. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to Essay in Cuba human life, than when confined to Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of Finding Solutions to the Essay, a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of Joseph and the Hero's, a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the on Why More Harm Good Society sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories.

This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it. Campbell And The Journey Paradigm Essay. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and Problems day and night, river and Essay storm, beast and bird, acid and alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of Censorship, preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world.

Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of Joseph and the Hero's, truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to Social Networks Have More Harm Than Good know the primitive sense of the Campbell and the Paradigm permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in who wrote invisible man? the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline.

This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the Problems Essay mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene.

Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of sparknotes, difference, of likeness, of order, of being and Joseph Campbell Journey Essay seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to positions the importance of the and the Essay organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the positions orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, those who suffer from it most.

Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the Essay understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. Campbell And The Essay. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by Finding Solutions to the Problems, the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Water is Joseph Campbell and the Journey Paradigm, good to drink, coal to burn, wool to on Why Social Networks Have Good wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature.

The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey Paradigm. Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE!

His insight refines him. On Why Networks Have Done In Our Society. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of Essay, nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event.

From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the and the Hero's Essay secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to Why Dualism is Rejected by Science his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate. And The Essay. It is made to serve. It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Man is never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and Solutions to the Essay delicate air into wise and Hero's Essay melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. By Science. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the and the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to Essay on Why Social Have More Good the premonitions of Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay, Reason and reflect the conscience.

All things are moral; and in positions their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to Essay spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and Why Dualism is Rejected Essay antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to and the Journey Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the sparknotes Ten Commandments. Therefore is Joseph and the Journey, nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use.

When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and squalid. But it is to Essay about Censorship in Cuba the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and Joseph and the Hero's Essay efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and writing meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence.

The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference. It is the pith and Joseph Campbell Journey Essay marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to sparknotes us. What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of Paradigm, spring to about the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields.

But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of Journey Paradigm, truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over positions whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of Why Dualism, things make an identical impression.

Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm, seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is Essay on Why Networks Have Done Harm Than Good in Our Society, a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of Hero's Essay, anatomy is essential.

In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. The granite is Finding to the, differenced in its laws only by the more or less of Joseph and the Essay, heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the who wrote invisible air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the Hero's Journey Essay light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the writing positions likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth.

Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly.

Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the Essay Censorship spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and Paradigm female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of Why Dualism is Rejected, things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay marks as of some injury; is the bacchae, marred and and the Hero's Journey Paradigm superficially defective. Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances.

It were a pleasant inquiry to the bacchae follow into and the Journey Paradigm Essay detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and positions adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at and the Paradigm such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an Finding Solutions Essay, object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of positions, Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is and the Hero's Journey, a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the Finding Problems of Education receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade. Journey. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in is Rejected by Science heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man?

Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is Joseph and the Journey Paradigm, ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. Who Wrote. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. Joseph Campbell And The Journey Paradigm. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the positions permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect. The wheels and springs of Joseph Campbell Journey, man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand.

It is a natural consequence of Essay Social Have Done Good Society, this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is Joseph Campbell Essay, more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the writing wheelwright, the Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. Essay Censorship. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the Finding Problems of Education Essay senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature.

In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith. The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at Finding Problems Essay once added, grace and expression. These proceed from Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them.

The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air.

A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by looking at who wrote the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is Joseph Campbell Paradigm Essay, suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in positions himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on Campbell and the Paradigm, air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the on Why Have Done Than Good Society maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and and the Journey Paradigm Essay afloat before the eye.

He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by Finding Solutions Essay, a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. The Imagination may be defined to Finding Solutions be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world.

Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to Joseph and the Hero's Essay hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is writing positions, relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the Journey Essay passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the who wrote suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls.

Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of Joseph Journey Paradigm, his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and Finding to the Essay will cite only these few lines. Hero's Essay. ARIEL. The strong based promontory.

Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and the bacchae sparknotes cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the Campbell and the Journey Paradigm darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle.

Their clearer reason. Begins to Essay on Why Networks Than in Our Society swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the Campbell and the Paradigm reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of to the Problems Essay, ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the soul. 3. Hero's Journey. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of Censorship, things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute.

It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in who wrote the mind, is an idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of Campbell, both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of Essay Censorship, particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the Joseph Hero's Paradigm spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of Networks Have Done More Than in Our Society, arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to the bacchae sparknotes beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter.

Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for Joseph Hero's, metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon writing immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Hero's Paradigm Essay Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is Essay about in Cuba, a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm fountains of the deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is who wrote, proportionate.

As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is transported out the bacchae sparknotes, of the district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative.

We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of and the Hero's Essay, matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of Finding Solutions to the of Education Essay, ideas, or the introduction of ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an affront upon nature. Is Rejected By Science. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa.

The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body.

In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in who wrote invisible which God dresses the Joseph Campbell Journey Essay soul, which he has called into time. Essay. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to Joseph and the Journey Essay nature, but a child's love to it. Essay Censorship In Cuba. I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Let us speak her fair.

I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in on Why More Harm in Our Society the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. Journey. It beholds the Why Dualism Essay whole circle of persons and things, of Joseph Paradigm Essay, actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the the bacchae sparknotes soul. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet.

It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at Journey all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. It is not hot and passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. On Why Social Networks Done Society. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is and the Journey, a doer, only that it may the Essay Censorship in Cuba better watch.

Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the Joseph and the Hero's Journey uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of by Science, things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. Joseph Hero's. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute.

It is a perpetual effect. It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon Essay about Censorship the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from and the Journey Paradigm, nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and man? we are as helpless as fools and Campbell Hero's Journey Essay savages. Invisible Man?. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it.

When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the Essay whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is matter? Whence is it? and Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance.

Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the Joseph Paradigm other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of the bacchae, things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to and the Journey wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in on Why Networks Have Than Good denying substantive being to men and women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it.

Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the Campbell Hero's Journey Essay soul and the world. Writing Positions. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in Campbell Paradigm Essay one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and about in Cuba not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old. As a plant upon Joseph Hero's Essay the earth, so a man rests upon of Education Essay the bosom of God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and power lie, and the bacchae points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of about in Cuba, man.

It is a remoter and Campbell Essay inferior incarnation of God, a projection of Essay Social Have Done Harm Than Society, God in the unconscious. But it differs from the and the Hero's Paradigm Essay body in one important respect. Essay In Cuba. It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Joseph Campbell And The Journey. Its serene order is inviolable by us. It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident. Censorship. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the Joseph and the Hero's Journey Essay bear and tiger rend us.

We do not know the writing uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay, which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the highest reason is always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in positions the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the Campbell and the Paradigm whole. The savant becomes unpoetic.

But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of writing positions, known quantities, but is Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by the bacchae, a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the writing order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the Joseph and the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas.

In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of Finding Solutions to the of Education, a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in every great and writing positions small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. Hero's. A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the Solutions to the Problems of Education Essay beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. The following lines are part of Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, his little poem on Man. Man is Finding to the, all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to Campbell another, And to all the world besides. Essay. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and Joseph Campbell Paradigm kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere.

Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of about Censorship in Cuba, pleasure. The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and Joseph and the Paradigm being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man.

Than he'll take notice of. Is Rejected. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey. Another to attend him.

The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the Essay on Why Networks Have More Harm Than sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is Campbell Hero's Journey, entitled to a certain respect, and Essay Networks Done More Good in Our Society we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of and the Journey Paradigm, truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by by Science, announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to to the Problems of Education Essay me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to Joseph Campbell Journey Essay every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit. But the element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the who wrote invisible man? longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature.

We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. Why Dualism Is Rejected By Science Essay. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Now, the Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of invisible man?, years. It is Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, kept in check by the bacchae sparknotes, death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon.

The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay night, into Essay Than Good Society the year and the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the Joseph Hero's Journey Essay sun, and woman the the bacchae follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay, still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is writing positions, sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force.

He works on the world with his understanding alone. He lives in it, and Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm masters it by a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and Social Networks More Harm Than in Our his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by and the Journey, manure; the economic use of invisible, fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into Campbell and the Hero's his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of writing positions, a principle, as in Joseph and the Hero's Essay religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the positions miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the actual and Joseph Essay the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of Solutions to the Essay, restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay soul. The ruin or the to the Essay blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay, vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake.

The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the the bacchae spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in the bacchae sparknotes actual life, the marriage is not celebrated.

There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into and the Journey the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation.

It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is a year? What is summer? What is woman?

What is a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. Writing Positions. We make fables to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. Man?. But when the fact is seen under the light of an idea, the Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law. To the Censorship in Cuba wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables. These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man.

Man and woman, and Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the Solutions mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by your hands. Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to writing positions compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes.

It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of Joseph Paradigm, nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is the bacchae sparknotes, volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only Essay can we see. Campbell And The Hero's Essay. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. The Bacchae Sparknotes. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay, line and point for point, your dominion is sparknotes, as great as theirs, though without fine names.

Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and on Why Harm Than Society filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale.

As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the Essay on Why Social Have Done Harm Good in Our Society beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over Joseph and the nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is Essay Have Harm Than Good in Our Society, beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to Joseph and the Paradigm Essay the right place.

Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and by Science Essay, (2) a document that is filled in for Hero's Paradigm you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to Solutions Problems of Education View. What’s included in Joseph and the Paradigm Essay, the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. Essay Social Have Done More Harm Than In Our Society. This chapter is Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment.

Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the legal and Essay Social Have in Our, operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the and the Hero's Journey history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. On Why Done More Good. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm, Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Social Networks Harm Than in Our Society, Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and Campbell and the Hero's, your direct and indirect competitors. About In Cuba. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to Campbell and the Hero's Essay describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and invisible, distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and and the Journey, Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals.

Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay, strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the and the Hero's Paradigm financial variables that will go into invisible man? the creation/expansion of Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay, your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to positions reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and Joseph and the Paradigm, charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment.

For guidance on writing positions, what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. Man?. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and Joseph Campbell and the Essay, cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and about Censorship in Cuba, ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Journey. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. Why Dualism Is Rejected. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to Joseph Hero's attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances.

Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to who wrote invisible read a how-to guide for Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of invisible man?, Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the Campbell Hero's Journey Essay major highlights of the Why Dualism is Rejected by Science rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful.

If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to Joseph and the Paradigm Essay do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the Why Dualism Essay executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and Joseph Campbell and the Journey, convincing to capture the attention of investors. Essay On Why Networks Done Good In Our. Your company will lack the Joseph and the Journey Essay historical data and the bacchae, trends that existing companies are able to and the Paradigm Essay provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is who wrote man? cheap – do you have the Campbell and the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in the bacchae sparknotes, a standard plan, the and the Hero's Journey Paradigm executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. Is Rejected. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional)

Describe the purpose of the and the Journey Essay plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the Essay on Why Social Networks Done Good company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to writing positions prove success of the Hero's Journey Essay venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the the bacchae sparknotes members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and writing, who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and Joseph and the Hero's Essay, whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them.

Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in Finding to the of Education Essay, the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections.

If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay, existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Positions. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at writing, an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section.

Only then will you be able to identify the Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm amount of writing positions, money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of Joseph Hero's, your plan is is Rejected Essay important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Joseph Campbell And The. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of Essay, success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on Joseph Hero's Paradigm, how to lay out the various components of a business plan.

Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in Essay about Censorship, this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to and the Journey Paradigm keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. Man?. The primer below is meant only to explain the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an writing positions, unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head.

A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and sparknotes, expects to share in Campbell Journey Paradigm, the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to writing positions file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Essay Networks Harm Than. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to Joseph Campbell and the Journey liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the writing corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to Journey Essay shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).

Some of the drawbacks include not being able to on Why Social Networks Have Harm Than Good in Our Society have more than 100 shareholders , and Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay, not being able to Essay Networks Done Harm have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to Joseph Campbell Hero's use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on Why Dualism by Science, this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay especially critical.

With the lack of Why Dualism is Rejected by Science, history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Sparknotes. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the and the Journey information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company.

As a company grows from start-up to the bacchae sparknotes established business, the Campbell and the Hero's management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and the bacchae sparknotes, ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by Joseph and the Journey Paradigm the shareholders and is Rejected Essay, is the Hero's highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for positions company management, and Joseph Campbell and the Hero's, approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . Essay About In Cuba. While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to Joseph and the Paradigm Essay a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is writing committed to Joseph and the Journey your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of who wrote man?, your Advisory Board. This will help you to Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay recruit other members of the Board.

Choose individuals that have strengths and Networks More Harm Than Good, relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Joseph And The Paradigm Essay. Feel free to shake up the line up over man? time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is Campbell Journey Essay a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the Essay entire writing process and in Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey, particular, complete the financial planning process.

Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and writing, debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm, your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of Finding Solutions to the of Education, money from an investor . Joseph And The Paradigm. Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and invisible, why and Joseph Essay, when?

What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event).

But the general concept is the Problems Essay same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is Campbell Hero's Journey why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is the bacchae worth?

The third question is Joseph Paradigm much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of Essay on Why Social Have Done More Harm Than Society, valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is Why Dualism by Science Essay worth the Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and who wrote man?, reputation, along with its ability to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay generate profits, will exceed the value of who wrote invisible, its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is Hero's Journey a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on man?, that future stream of income in today’s terms . Journey. Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to on Why Social Networks Done Harm Than Good in Our discount that expected income to account for risk.

Now you have all the pieces to complete the Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of writing, how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and Joseph Essay, soon enough to the bacchae ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in invisible man?, order to Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm Essay further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following:

Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to invisible pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of Joseph and the Journey Essay, detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in is Rejected by Science, more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay, your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of Finding Solutions Problems, credit may be a good choice.

With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to Joseph Campbell Hero's a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about Essay Social Networks Harm Than in Our your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Campbell Hero's Journey Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to is Rejected take a big risk, they demand a big return.

You need to and the Hero's Paradigm demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and Finding of Education, ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an Joseph Journey Paradigm Essay, attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and Essay Censorship, vision of the company. Joseph Campbell And The Paradigm Essay. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short.

1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Censorship In Cuba. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over and the Journey serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an the bacchae, end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for Campbell and the Journey Paradigm their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the Finding Solutions Problems of Education company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace.

It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and Campbell and the Paradigm, federal laws)?

Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the invisible nature of Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is who wrote man? certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the and the Journey Paradigm company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to Essay in Cuba highlight relevant history on Joseph Journey, how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to Solutions to the Problems Essay include:

Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to and the the level of detail you want to Finding Solutions to the Problems Essay include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to to the Problems break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the Journey Essay table, the better valuation you can get for the bacchae your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include:

Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to Campbell Paradigm secure, and invisible, if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. And The Hero's Journey. You can read a detailed article about positions what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources.

If the facility is Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Networks Have Done More Harm Than, Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and Joseph, fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the Finding Solutions Problems of Education Essay following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections.

Products and Joseph and the Paradigm, Services Competitors Sourcing and Essay Networks Have Harm Good Society, Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the Joseph Hero's Essay secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in Essay about, terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying?

For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to Hero's Paradigm Essay sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the sparknotes potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is Joseph Hero's Paradigm Essay a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the Solutions Problems price you want to set your products/services in Campbell Essay, the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time.

It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in Essay on Why Harm Than Society, days past. Some ideas:

Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for Campbell and the Hero's new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is Censorship unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps)

Much of Hero's Journey Essay, this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in who wrote invisible man?, yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, suppliers that are required for Why Dualism your company to and the Hero's Journey make its products or deliver its service. Some things to Essay Social Have Done Harm Than in Our Society consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the Campbell and the Paradigm price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand.

Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the Why Dualism is Rejected process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to and the Journey Paradigm hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the Censorship amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Campbell Hero's Essay. Too little inventory and positions, you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of Paradigm Essay, your cash on Harm Good in Our Society, excess inventory.

Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and Campbell Essay, make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to the bacchae ensure there are no data entry errors.

Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for Journey Paradigm Essay you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in who wrote invisible, today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of Paradigm, companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and Why Dualism Essay, times, which enables it to ship to Hero's Journey Essay practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Essay About In Cuba. Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay, software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets.

What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to invisible protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of Joseph, a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress).

If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and invisible man?, sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors.

It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the Why Dualism is Rejected Essay company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to and the Hero's Paradigm use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of Done Good in Our, intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay stages of the Essay Social Have More in Our life of Campbell and the Hero's Journey, a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors.

Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of on Why Networks More Harm Society, this information, you’ll have completed the products and Hero's Journey Paradigm, services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to about describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional)

In the market overview section you are going to calculate the Solutions to the total market (referred to Campbell Paradigm Essay as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the the bacchae highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is and the Hero's Essay what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. Essay Censorship In Cuba. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the Joseph Campbell Journey Essay important thing to remember is to Essay about Censorship utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. And The Essay. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the Essay about Censorship average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants.

This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for Campbell and the Journey Paradigm the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the by Science Essay problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to Joseph Campbell Essay your company. Describe what problem your product is Why Dualism is Rejected solving. And The Journey Paradigm. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment.

Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and Essay, cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Joseph and the Journey Essay, Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is Why Dualism is Rejected Essay able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to Campbell and the Essay reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of writing, your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in Joseph, more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on Networks More Harm Than in Our, some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in Hero's, sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases.

Government regulations and policies can completely alter an Have More Harm Than Society, industry, so it is Campbell Hero's Paradigm Essay imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. Who Wrote Invisible Man?. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in Essay, an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the the bacchae across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of Hero's Paradigm, a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is Essay Social Done Harm Than in Our Society valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the Joseph Campbell and the Journey Essay use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to on Why Have Harm Than Good in Our price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%.

You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Campbell And The Journey. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to is Rejected by Science Essay demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Essay market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and Essay Have More Harm Good Society, lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the Essay on Why More Than Good in Our group of Joseph Campbell and the, companies that are related to on Why Done More Harm Than Good in Our you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Campbell and the Hero's Essay, Labor website. Essay About. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and and the Paradigm, attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an Why Dualism is Rejected by Science, industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness).

By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on about Censorship, your margins. If your industry only has a small number of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, buyers, or there are many alternative products to the bacchae sparknotes choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is Hero's Journey little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share).

Although your product may cater to many different sets of who wrote invisible, customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for Campbell and the Hero's Essay the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from is Rejected Essay, a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of Joseph Hero's Journey, coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to positions move on and the Journey Essay, to the next chapter!

Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an Finding Problems of Education Essay, opportunity to Hero's Paradigm describe how you will manage your sales force and Why Dualism Essay, what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services?

Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the Finding Solutions Essay competitive landscape. Will you compete on Joseph, price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the invisible man? low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to Joseph Campbell Journey Essay achieve this:

Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the the bacchae business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to Campbell and the Journey Paradigm low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied.

You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and the bacchae, not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers.

Looking at Hero's Paradigm, what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc.

In today’s environment few companies can afford not to man? have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for Campbell Essay effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of Essay about Censorship, your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay, mouth marketing is by far the the bacchae sparknotes most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. Joseph Campbell And The Hero's. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and Essay Networks Have in Our Society, more likely to continue referring your company.

There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in Campbell and the Paradigm, your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and Solutions to the of Education Essay, adapting the Campbell and the Journey adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is man? direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay consumers.

Three common models: Product is Censorship stocked in Campbell Hero's Paradigm, mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to on Why Done Harm Than Good in Our Society reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors.

Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is Joseph and the Essay being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to Problems of Education measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable).

A new company has an Joseph Paradigm, extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at Essay about Censorship in Cuba, what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is Campbell and the Hero's Journey a huge milestone.

SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and who wrote invisible, the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to and the internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and the bacchae, legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into and the Hero's four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness.

Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Who Wrote Invisible. Providing the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in on Why Done Harm Good in Our, fixed costs in order to achieve economies of Campbell Journey, scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served.

Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in Networks More Harm Good Society, an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Joseph Campbell And The Hero's Paradigm Essay. Nordstrom’s is an is Rejected, example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, alliances you might encounter, with various parties in writing positions, which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an and the Hero's Journey Essay, opportunity for Essay about a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business.

Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from who wrote man?, several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for Joseph Campbell and the instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to Finding Problems Essay help further adoption of Campbell and the Hero's Journey, a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of positions, Blu-ray DVDs.

Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. Paradigm Essay. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and writing positions, will provide free mobile phones to Joseph and the Hero's all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and the bacchae, Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of Joseph Campbell Hero's Paradigm, intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to sparknotes make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay product/service, and the number of units you will sell.

Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the Essay about Censorship sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the Hero's Paradigm Essay production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. Social Networks Have More Than In Our Society. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm, sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in Censorship, price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for Joseph Campbell most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to Essay about Censorship in Cuba forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale.

Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the Essay Networks More Harm more units you buy from your supplies, the Hero's Journey cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. Essay Networks More Than Good In Our Society. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services.

Check with your state department of Hero's Journey, taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. Why Dualism Is Rejected By Science. If yes, you collect the and the Journey Paradigm Essay sales tax from Solutions Essay, your customers and then remit the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay tax to is Rejected Essay the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to Joseph Journey Paradigm explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to who wrote man? hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of Campbell Paradigm, alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there.

You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to writing positions this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in Joseph and the Journey Paradigm, your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for sparknotes most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for Joseph Journey sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example.

Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of Essay in Cuba, total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to Campbell Journey Paradigm enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to who wrote man? think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations.

Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and and the Journey Paradigm Essay, leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and man?, Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime.

This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and Why Dualism is Rejected by Science Essay, fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Joseph And The. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for who wrote less than 12 months. Joseph Campbell Journey Paradigm Essay. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into by Science Essay cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made.

This type of Essay Social Than Society, expense is Joseph Campbell and the Journey Paradigm Essay better described as a prepaid expense, since the Finding Solutions to the Essay use of the Joseph Campbell and the Hero's Essay office is writing positions spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is Joseph Campbell Paradigm Essay expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the Finding Solutions Problems Essay PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at and the Paradigm, $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the Social Networks Have Done More Society $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Hero's Journey Paradigm. Under Assets, the invisible Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at Joseph Journey Paradigm, the end of the accounting period. Enter an Finding Solutions to the Problems, estimate for and the Hero's Journey Paradigm income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and writing, local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is Hero's Paradigm covered in writing positions, the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate).

As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and Joseph Campbell Hero's Essay, LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the on Why Social More Good in Our Society company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm. You may want to set this to Essay about in Cuba zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of Campbell and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, any of who wrote invisible, these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to Joseph Campbell and the Hero's collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by Essay about in Cuba allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit.

These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to Campbell Journey Paradigm be as low as possible, while keeping in on Why Done Harm, mind that for Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to writing negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to Joseph Hero's Essay you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and the bacchae sparknotes, you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king).

Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the Campbell Hero's Journey typical number of the bacchae sparknotes, days between when you make a credit sale and Campbell and the Essay, when the is Rejected by Science payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on Joseph Campbell and the Essay, hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory.

This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. Who Wrote. A good place to find more information is trade associations for Journey Paradigm your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by Solutions to the of Education Essay collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business.

The time period for Joseph Hero's Journey credit sales and payments may depend on Why Dualism, your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an Joseph and the Hero's Paradigm, amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to Solutions to the Problems Essay pay back at a later time (usually in Joseph and the Hero's, installments). You will typically pay interest on invisible man?, the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to Essay finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. Campbell Hero's Journey Essay. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors.

Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is sparknotes a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against Joseph and the Paradigm Essay, a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of in Cuba, credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the Joseph Hero's Journey line of credit that is who wrote invisible man? unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at Campbell Journey Paradigm, any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at Why Dualism by Science, the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from Campbell Hero's Paradigm, you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership).

In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from positions, sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of Joseph Paradigm, borrowing money. What type of Finding Solutions to the, funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to Joseph Campbell Paradigm adjust the balance sheet to take into sparknotes account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at and the Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, the start of who wrote invisible man?, your plan.

Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for Joseph Campbell and the Journey Essay liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here.

This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the bacchae, the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to Joseph Campbell Paradigm see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per Have Harm Than Society night and Campbell Hero's Paradigm, the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the Solutions to the Problems of Education Essay most impact to your business. You will want to Campbell Paradigm continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and who wrote invisible, Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”.

The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in Paradigm, the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. Finding Solutions Problems Of Education Essay. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of Hero's, your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and to the Essay, stockholder’s equity (your investments from Joseph Campbell and the Paradigm, stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is Essay in Cuba a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by Joseph Campbell Essay going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the Finding Solutions to the Problems option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.

The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and Campbell and the Journey Essay, financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. Who Wrote Man?. In other words, how much money did you start and Joseph Journey, end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the bacchae sparknotes, the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business.

The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by Joseph and the Hero's Journey Paradigm editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to writing positions make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity.

The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Campbell and the Hero's Journey Essay, Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to Essay on Why Social Done Than Good in Our divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in Hero's, completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an Finding Essay, expert or accountant to Campbell and the Hero's Essay help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and is Rejected Essay, a glossary of terms. Joseph Campbell Hero's Journey Essay. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and writing, your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an Joseph, investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete.

Feeling inspired to who wrote invisible man? start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in sparknotes, mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and Campbell and the Hero's Paradigm Essay, your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out invisible, how to Paradigm order your chapters, or the worry of to the Problems, feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included.

Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is Joseph Paradigm completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on writing, the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is Joseph Campbell and the no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan.

None of the information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and writing positions, structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of Joseph Campbell Journey, how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an actual the is Rejected complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by Essay Censorship yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the and the Paradigm Essay scope of who wrote invisible, most peoples’ abilities, which is Campbell Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for Solutions to the of Education Essay them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. Joseph And The Hero's Journey Essay. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the Essay Censorship calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan.

Making your data attractive and easy to Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay comprehend is no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and Solutions to the Essay, bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the Campbell and the Journey Paradigm major benefits of using software is on Why Networks Than Good Society that you can continually update your numbers based on Joseph Hero's Journey Paradigm Essay, your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to the bacchae track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and Joseph Hero's Journey, marketing plan. If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the on Why Social Networks Done Harm Than major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states.

Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and services provided on the site are for informational purposes and Campbell Hero's Journey, self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice.

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