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colgate sample essay Dasani’s Homeless Life data-summary=There are more than 22,000 homeless children in a city with the greatest concentration of books, wealth in civil dbq America. data-pubdate=Published: December 9, 2013 S he wakes to for colored girls, the sound of breathing. The smaller children lie tangled beside her, their chests rising and falling under winter coats and wool blankets. A few feet away, their mother and father sleep near the mop bucket they use as a toilet. Two other children share a mattress by the rotting wall where the international, mice live, opposite the baby, whose crib is warmed by a hair dryer perched on a milk crate. Slipping out from her covers, the oldest girl sits at the window. On mornings like this, she can see all the way across Brooklyn to the Empire State Building, the girls books, first New York skyscraper to reach 100 floors.
Her gaze always stops at that iconic temple of stone, its tip pointed celestially, its facade lit with promise. “It makes me feel like there’s something going on out there,” says the 11-year-old girl, never one for patience. Nike. This child of for colored girls, New York is always running before she walks. She likes being first the first to be born, the first to go to Athenian Democracy, school, the first to make the honor roll. Even her name, Dasani, speaks of a certain reach. The bottled water had come to Brooklyn’s bodegas just before she was born, catching the fancy of her mother, who could not afford such indulgences. It hinted at a different, upwardly mobile clientele, a set of newcomers who over the next decade would transform the borough. Dasani’s own neighborhood, Fort Greene, is now one of for colored girls, gentrification’s gems. Who Are Doing Rhetorical Essay. Her family lives in the Auburn Family Residence, a decrepit city-run shelter for for colored girls, the homeless.
It is norm sociology, a place where mold creeps up walls and roaches swarm, where feces and for colored vomit plug communal toilets, where sexual predators have roamed and small children stand guard for their single mothers outside filthy showers. It is no place for children. Yet Dasani is among 280 children at norm sociology the shelter. Beyond its walls, she belongs to for colored, a vast and invisible tribe of more than 22,000 homeless children in New York, the highest number since the Great Depression, in the most unequal metropolis in America. Nearly a quarter of Dasani’s childhood has unfolded at Auburn, where she shares a 520-square-foot room with her parents and Essay seven siblings. As they begin to for colored girls, stir on this frigid January day, Dasani sets about her chores. Her mornings begin with Baby Lele, whom she changes, dresses and feeds, checking that the formula distributed by the shelter is standing up for, not, once again, expired.
She then wipes down the books, family’s small refrigerator, stuffed with lukewarm milk, Tropicana grape juice and containers of leftover Chinese. After tidying the dresser drawers she shares with a sister, Dasani rushes her younger siblings onto the school bus. “I have a lot on civil dbq my plate,” she says, taking inventory: The fork and girls spoon are her parents and the macaroni, her siblings except for Baby Lele, who is a plump chicken breast. “So that’s a lot on rights my plate with some corn bread,” she says. “That’s a lot on my plate.” Dasani guards her feelings closely, dispensing with anger through humor. Beneath it all is a child whose existence is girls books, defined by her siblings. Her small scrub-worn hands are always tying shoelaces or doling out peanut butter sandwiches, taking the ends of the loaf for herself. The bond is inescapable. In the presence of international, her brothers and for colored sisters, Dasani has no peace.
Without them, she is incomplete. Today, Dasani rides the dbq, creaky elevator to the lobby and walks past the guards, the metal detector and the tall, iron fence that envelops what she calls “the jail.” She steps into girls the light, and is met by the worn brick facade of the Walt Whitman projects across the street. She heads east along Myrtle Avenue and, three blocks later, has crossed into another New York: the shaded, graceful abode of Fort Greene’s brownstones, which fetch millions of dollars. “Black is beautiful, black is me,” she sings under her breath as her mother trails behind. Dasani suddenly stops, puzzling at the pavement. You And What Are You Here? Rhetorical. Its condition, she notes, is girls, clearly superior on norm sociology this side of Myrtle.
“Worlds change real fast, don’t it?” her mother says. In the short span of Dasani’s life, her city has been reborn. The skyline soars with luxury towers, beacons of a new gilded age. More than 200 miles of fresh bike lanes connect commuters to high-tech jobs, passing through upgraded parks and avant-garde projects like the High Line and for colored books Jane’s Carousel. Posh retail has spread from about its Manhattan roots to the city’s other boroughs. These are the crown jewels of Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg’s long reign, which began just seven months after Dasani was born. In the shadows of this renewal, it is Dasani’s population who have been left behind. The ranks of the poor have risen, with almost half of New Yorkers living near or below the poverty line.
Their traditional anchors affordable housing and jobs that pay a living wage have weakened as the city reorders itself around the whims of the wealthy. Long before Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio rose to power by denouncing the city’s inequality, children like Dasani were being pushed further into the margins, and not just in New York. Cities across the nation have become flash points of polarization, as one population has bounced back from the for colored, recession while another continues to struggle. One in five American children is now living in poverty, giving the United States the highest child poverty rate of any developed nation except for Romania. This bodes poorly for the future. Decades of research have shown the staggering societal costs of children in poverty. They grow up with less education and lower earning power. International. They are more likely to have drug addiction, psychological trauma and disease, or wind up in for colored girls books prison. Dasani does not need the proof of abstract research. All of these plights run through her family. Her future is further threatened by the fact of her homelessness, which has been shown, even in short spells, to bring disastrous consequences.
Dasani’s circumstances are largely the outcome of parental dysfunction. While nearly one-third of New York’s homeless children are supported by a working adult, her mother and father are unemployed, have a history of arrests and are battling drug addiction. Yet Dasani’s trials are not solely of her parents’ making. They are also the result of decisions made a world away, in about Athenian the marble confines of girls, City Hall. Rights Dbq. With the economy growing in 2004, the Bloomberg administration adopted sweeping new policies intended to push the homeless to become more self-reliant.
They would no longer get priority access to public housing and girls books other programs, but would receive short-term help with rent. Poor people would be empowered, the Who Are You and Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis, mayor argued, and for colored girls homelessness would decline. But the opposite happened. As rents steadily rose and low-income wages stagnated, chronically poor families like Dasani’s found themselves stuck in norm sociology a shelter system with fewer exits. Books. Families are now languishing there longer than ever a development that Mr. Bloomberg explained by saying shelters offered “a much more pleasurable experience than they ever had before.” Just three days before the mayor made that comment at a news conference in of the lovesong August 2012, an inspector at girls books Auburn stopped by Dasani’s crowded room, noting that a mouse was “running around and going into the walls,” which had “many holes.” “Please assist,” the inspector added. “There is infant in norm sociology room.” Dasani was about to start sixth grade at a promising new school.
This would be a pivotal year of her childhood one already marked by more longing and loss than most adults ever see. A tangle of three dramas had yet to unspool. There was the question of whether Dasani’s family would remain intact. Her mother had just been reunited with the children on the condition that she and for colored girls her husband stay off drugs. The city’s Administration for Children’s Services was watching closely. Dbq. Any slips, and the siblings could wind up in foster care, losing their parents and, most likely, one another.
The family’s need for a home was also growing desperate. The longer they stayed in that one room, the more they seemed to fall apart. Yet rents were impossibly high in the city, and a quarter-million people were waiting for the rare vacancy in public housing. Families like Dasani’s had been leaving the state. This was the year, then, that her parents made a promise: to save enough money to go somewhere else, maybe as far as the Pocono Mountains, in girls Pennsylvania. Dasani could close her eyes and see it. “It’s quiet and it’s a lot of grass.”
In the absence of this long-awaited home, there was only school. But it remained to be seen whether Dasani’s new middle school, straining under budget cuts, could do enough to fill the voids of her life. For children like Dasani, school is not just a place to cultivate a hungry mind. It is a refuge. The right school can provide routine, nourishment and the guiding hand of responsible adults. But school also had its perils. Dasani was hitting the You and What Are You Here? Analysis Essay, age when girls prove their worth through fighting.
And she was her mother’s daughter, a fearless fighter. She was also on the cusp of for colored, becoming something more, something she could feel but not yet see, if only the right things happened and the right people came along. D asani is a short, wiry girl whose proud posture overwhelms her 4-foot-8 frame. She has a delicate, oval face and luminous brown eyes that watch everything, owl-like. Her expression veers from wonder to mischief. Civil Rights Dbq. Strangers often remark on her beauty her high cheekbones and smooth skin but the comments never seem to register.
What she knows is girls books, that she has been blessed with perfect teeth. In a family where braces are the stuff of fantasy, having good teeth is a lottery win. On the subway, Dasani can blend in with children who are better off. It is an ironic fact of being poor in norm sociology a rich city that the donated garments Dasani and books her siblings wear lend them the rights, veneer of affluence, at least from a distance. Used purple Uggs and Patagonia fleeces cover thinning socks and fraying jeans. A Phil Teds rain cover, fished from a garbage bin, protects Baby Lele’s rickety stroller. Dasani tells herself that brand names don’t matter.
She knows such yearnings will go unanswered, so better not to have them. But once in a while, when by for colored some miracle her mother produces a new pair of Michael Jordan sneakers, Dasani finds herself succumbing to international, the same exercise: She wears them sparingly, and only indoors, hoping to keep them spotless. Girls. It never works. Best to try to blend in, she tells herself, while not caring when you don’t. She likes being small because “I can slip through things.” In the blur of her city’s crowded streets, she is just another face. What people do not see is a homeless girl whose mother succumbed to nike international, crack more than once, whose father went to books, prison for selling drugs, and whose cousins and aunts have become the anonymous casualties of gang shootings, AIDS and domestic violence.
Dasani speaks with certainty. Standing Oneself. She often begins a sentence with “Mommy say” before reciting, verbatim, some new bit of learned wisdom, such as “camomile tea cures a bad stomach” or “that lady is a dope fiend.” She likes facts. She rarely wavers, or hints at doubt, even as her life is girls books, consumed by it. When strangers are near, Dasani refers to Auburn as “that place.” It is nike, separate from for colored books her, and Who Are What Doing Rhetorical distant. But in the company of her siblings, she calls it “the house,” transforming a crowded room into for colored girls an imaginary home. In reality, Auburn is neither. The forbidding, 10-story brick building, which dates back almost a century, was formerly Cumberland Hospital, one of seven public hospitals that closed because of the city’s 1970s fiscal crisis. In 1985, the city repurposed the What Essay, former hospital into a shelter for families. This was the dawn of the period known as “modern homelessness,” driven by wage stagnation, Reagan-era cutbacks and the rising cost of homes. By the time Mayor Bloomberg took office in 2002, New York’s homeless population had reached 31,063 a record for the city, which is legally obligated to provide shelter. Among the city’s 152 family shelters, Auburn became known as a place of last resort, a dreaded destination for girls, the chronically homeless.
City and state inspectors have repeatedly cited the You and What Doing Here? Rhetorical, shelter for girls, deplorable conditions, including sexual misconduct by staff members, spoiled food, asbestos exposure, lead paint and vermin. Auburn has no certificate of occupancy, as required by law, and lacks an operational plan that meets state regulations. Most of the nike international, shelter’s smoke detectors and alarms have been found to be inoperable. There are few signs that children live at Auburn. Books. Locked gates prevent them from setting foot on the front lawn. In a city that has invested millions of dollars in standing oneself new “green spaces,” Auburn’s is often overrun with weeds. Inside, prepackaged meals are served in a cafeteria where Dasani and her siblings wait in one line for their food before heading to for colored, another line to heat it in one of two microwaves that hundreds of residents share. Tempers fly and up for fights explode.
The routine can last more than an hour before the children take their first bite. The family’s room is the books, scene of debilitating chaos: stacks of Essay, dirty laundry, shoes stuffed under a mattress, bicycles and coats piled high. To the left of the door, beneath a decrepit sink where Baby Lele is bathed, the wall has rotted through, leaving a long, dark gap where mice congregate. A few feet away, Dasani’s legally blind, 10-year-old sister, Nijai, sleeps on a mattress that has come apart at the seams, its rusted coils splayed. Hand-washed clothes line the guards on the windows, which are shaded by gray wool blankets strung from the for colored girls, ceiling.
A sticky fly catcher dangles overhead, dotted with dead insects. There is no desk or chair in the room just a maze of mattresses and up for dressers. A flat-screen television rests on for colored books two orange milk crates. To eat, the children sit on the cracked linoleum floor, which never feels clean no matter how much they mop. Homework is international, a challenge. The shelter’s one recreation room can hardly accommodate Auburn’s hundreds of children, leaving Dasani and her siblings to study, hunched over, on their mattresses. Sometimes it feels like too many bodies sharing the same air. “There’s no space to breathe ’cause they breathe up all the oxygen,” Dasani says. She carves out small, sacred spaces: a portion of the floor at mealtime, an upturned crate by the window, a bathroom stall. The children spend hours at girls the playgrounds of the surrounding housing projects, where a subtle hierarchy is at work.
If they are seen enough times emerging from Auburn, they are pegged as the up for oneself, neighborhood’s outliers, the so-called shelter boogies. Nothing gnaws at Dasani more. A mucus-stained nose suggests a certain degradation, not just the absence of tissues, but of a parent willing to wipe or a home so unclean that a runny nose makes no difference. Dasani and her siblings can get hungry enough to girls books, lose their concentration in school, but they are forever wiping one another’s noses. When Dasani hears “shelter boogies,” all she can think to say is what her mother always tells her that Auburn is “just a pit stop.” “But you will live in the projects forever, as will your kids’ kids, and your kids’ kids’ kids.” She knows the battle is standing oneself, asymmetrical. The projects may represent all kinds of inertia. But to live at Auburn is to admit the ultimate failure: the inability of one’s parents to meet that most basic need. D asani ticks through their faces, the girls from the books, projects who might turn up at this new school. Some are kind enough not to You and What Here? Analysis, gossip about where she lives. Books. #9632; The others might be distracted by the sheer noise of this first day the about, start of sixth grade, the new uniform, the new faces.
She will hopefully slip by those girls unseen. She approaches the school’s steps on a clear September morning. Fresh braids fall to one side of her face, clipped by bright yellow bows. Her required polo and khakis have been pressed with a hair straightener, since Auburn forbids irons. Her heart is pounding. For Colored Books. She will be sure to take a circuitous route home. She will focus in class and mind her manners in You and What Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay the schoolyard. She only has to climb those steps. “Come on, there’s nothing to be scared about,” her 34-year-old mother, Chanel, finally says, nudging Dasani up the stairs.
She passes through the metal detector, joining 507 other middle and high school students at the Susan S. Girls Books. McKinney Secondary School of the standing up for, Arts. Housed in a faded brick building two blocks from Auburn, McKinney is a poor-kids’ version of LaGuardia Arts, the for colored, elite Manhattan public school that inspired the television series “Fame.” Threadbare curtains adorn its theater. Stage props are salvaged from a nearby trash bin. Essay Athenian. Dance class is so crowded that students practice in intervals. An air of girls books, possibility permeates the What Are You Here? Rhetorical Essay, school, named after the first African-American woman to become a physician in New York State. There is Officer Jamion Andrews, the for colored girls books, security guard who moonlights as a rap lyricist, and Zakiya Harris, the dance teacher who runs a studio on the side. And there is Faith Hester, the comedic, eyelash-batting humanities teacher who wrote a self-help book titled “Create a Life You Love Living” and fancies her own reality show. The children also strive.
Among them is a voice that periodically lifts the school with a “Madama Butterfly” aria. When the students hear it, they know that Jasmine, a sublimely gifted junior, is singing in the office of the of the lovesong of j prufrock, principal, Paula Holmes. The school matriarch closes her eyes as she listens. It may be her only tranquil moment. Miss Holmes is a towering woman, by girls books turns steely and soft. Of The Lovesong Of J Alfred Prufrock. She wears a Bluetooth like a permanent earring and tends toward power suits.
She has been at McKinney’s helm for 15 years and for colored girls books runs the school like a naval ship, peering down its gleaming hallways as if searching the seas for enemy vessels. Students stammer in her presence. Democracy. She leaves her office door permanently open, like a giant, unblinking eye. A poster across the hall depicts a black man in sagging jeans standing before the White House, opposite President Obama. “To live in this crib,” the poster reads, “you have to for colored, look the part.” Miss Holmes has no tolerance for sagging sartorial, attitudinal or otherwise. McKinney’s roots run deep.
Dasani’s own grandmother studied there as a girl. Most of the middle school students are black, live in the surrounding projects and qualify for nike international, free or reduced meals. They eat in shifts in the school’s basement cafeteria, watched over by the avuncular Frank Heyward, who blasts oldies from a boombox, telling students, “I got shoes older than you.” For all of McKinney’s pluck, its burdens are great. In the for colored girls, last six years, the city has cut the school’s budget by a quarter as its population declined. Fewer teachers share a greater load. After-school resources have thinned, but not the needs of students whose families are torn apart by gun violence and drug use. McKinney’s staff psychologist shuttles between three schools like a firefighter.
And now, a charter school is angling to move in. If successful, it will eventually claim McKinney’s treasured top floor, home to its theater class, dance studio and Essay about Athenian art lab. Teachers and parents are bracing for battle, announced by fliers warning against the “apartheid” effects of a charter co-location. Dasani knows about charter schools. Her former school, P.S. 67, shared space with one. She never spoke to those children, whose classrooms were stocked with new computers.
Dasani’s own school was failing by the time she left. At McKinney, Dasani quickly draws the notice of the older students, and not because she is girls books, short, though the nickname “Shorty” sticks. Norm Sociology. It is her electricity. When they dote on her, she giggles. For Colored Girls. But say the wrong thing and international she turns fierce, letting the four-letter words fly. It is still September when Dasani’s temper lands her in the principal’s office. “Please don’t call my mother,” Dasani whispers. Miss Holmes is seated in for colored a rolling pleather chair held together by duct tape. She stares at lovesong of j the anguished girl. She has been at McKinney long enough to girls books, know when a child’s transgressions at school might bring a beating at home. The principal slowly scoots her chair up to Dasani and leans within inches of her face.
From that day forward, Dasani will be on nike international her best behavior. In turn, Miss Holmes will keep what happens at girls school in standing school. With that, she waves Dasani off, fighting the urge to for colored girls, smile. She can’t help but like this feisty little girl. D asani closes her eyes and tilts her head toward the ceiling of her classroom. She has missed breakfast again. #9632; She tries to drift. She sees Florida. For a child who has never been to the beach, television ads are transporting. She is walking in the sand. She crashes into the waves.
“Dasaaaaaani!” her teacher sings out. She opens her eyes. There is Miss Hester, batting those lashes. Both she and another teacher, Kenya Mabry, were raised in the projects. Who Are Rhetorical Analysis. They dress and talk with a polish that impresses Dasani, who studies them. Miss Hester is also watching Dasani. She does not yet know where Dasani lives, or how hungry she gets. But Miss Hester finds two things striking: how late she arrives some mornings and how capable this girl is in spite of for colored girls books, it. Without even trying, she keeps up. Dasani possesses what adults at McKinney consider an intuitive approach to learning, the kind that comes when rare smarts combine with extreme life circumstances. Her intelligence is “uncanny” and “far surpasses peers her age,” one counselor writes. Civil Rights Dbq. “Student is continuously using critical analysis to reflect upon situations and interactions.”
Principal Holmes is also taking note. She can already see in this “precocious little button” the kind of girl who could be anything even a Supreme Court justice if only for colored, she harnesses her gifts early enough. “Dasani has something that hasn’t even been unleashed yet,” Miss Holmes says. “It’s still being cultivated.” For now, Dasani’s most honed skill might be obfuscation. Civil Dbq. She works hard to hide her struggles, staying quiet as other children brag about their new cellphones or sleepovers with friends. If there is one place she feels free, it is dance class.
When she walks into McKinney’s studio, and the music starts, her body releases whatever she is feeling. “When I’m happy I dance fast,” she says. For Colored Girls Books. “When I’m sad I dance slow. When I’m upset I dance both.” Dasani has been dancing for as long as she can remember, well before she earned her first dollar a few years ago break-dancing in Times Square. But the of j alfred, study of for colored, dance, as something practiced rather than spontaneous, this is new. She is learning to nike, point her toes like a ballerina, and to fall back into for colored girls a graceful bridge. Perhaps it is no accident that amid the civil, bedlam of Dasani’s home life the missed welfare appointments and books piles of unwashed clothes she is drawn to dbq, a craft of for colored girls, discipline. Here, in this room, time is kept and routines are mapped with precision and focus.
Dasani never tires of rehearsing the same moves, or scrutinizing more experienced dancers. Her gaze is Who Are You and Are You Doing Here? Analysis, often fixed on a tall, limber eighth grader named Sahai. Sahai is the middle school’s valedictorian. For Colored Books. A breathtaking dancer, she has long silky hair and nike international carries herself like a newly crowned queen. She is for colored, a girl with enough means to Essay about Athenian Democracy, accessorize elegantly. When Dasani looks at Sahai, she is taking the for colored, measure of all she is civil rights, not.
You can be popular in girls books one of standing oneself, three ways, Dasani’s mother always says. Girls Books. Dress fly. Who Are You And What Doing Here? Essay. Do good in school. For Colored Girls. Fight. The first option is out of the meaning of j, question. While Dasani clings to her uniform, other students wear coveted Adidas hoodies and for colored girls books Doc Marten boots. Who Are Are You Here? Essay. In dance class, Dasani does not even have a leotard. So she applies herself in girls books school. “I have a lot of possibility,” she says. “I do.”
Her strongest subject is English, where a poem she writes is tacked to a teacher’s wall. By October, she is on the honor roll, just as her life at Auburn is coming apart. I t is something of an art to dbq, sleep among nine other people. One learns not to hear certain sounds or smell certain smells. #9632; But some things still intrude on Dasani’s sleep. There is the ceaseless drip of that decaying sink, and for colored books the scratching of hungry mice. It makes no difference when the oneself, family lays out traps and hangs its food from the ceiling in a plastic bag. Auburn’s mice always return, as stubborn as the girls, “ghetto squirrels,” in Chanel’s lingo, that forage the trash for Chinese fried chicken. Dasani shares a twin mattress and three dresser drawers with her mischievous and portly sister, Avianna, only international, one year her junior. Their 35-year-old stepfather, Supreme, has raised them as his own. For Colored Girls. They consider him their father and call him Daddy. Supreme married Chanel nine years earlier, bringing two children from a previous marriage.
The boy, Khaliq, had trouble speaking. He had been trapped with his dead, pregnant mother after she fell down a flight of stairs. The girl, Nijai, had a rare genetic eye disease and was going blind. They were the same tender ages as Dasani and Avianna, forming a homeless Brady Bunch as Supreme and Chanel had four more children. Two of Dasani’s half-sisters, 7-year-old Maya and 6-year-old Hada, share the mattress to her right. The 5-year-old they call Papa sleeps by himself because he wets the bed. In the crib is Baby Lele, who is tended to by Dasani when her parents are listless from their daily dose of methadone.
Chanel and Supreme take the synthetic opioid as part of their drug treament program. It has essentially become a substitute addiction. The more time they spend in this room, the smaller it feels. Nothing stays in order. Everything is oneself, exposed marital spats, frayed underwear, the onset of puberty, the for colored girls books, mischief other children hide behind closed doors. Supreme paces erratically.
Chanel cannot check her temper. Norm Sociology. For Dasani and for colored girls her siblings, to act like rambunctious children is to risk a beating. By late fall, Chanel and Supreme are fighting daily about up for oneself money. It has been years since Supreme lost his job as a barber and Chanel stopped working as a janitor for the parks department. Girls. He cuts hair inside the standing oneself, shelter and sells pirated DVDs on the street while she hawks odds and ends from discount stores.
In a good month, their combined efforts can bring in for colored girls books a few hundred dollars. This is not one of those times. Supreme is You and What Rhetorical, keeping tight control of the family’s welfare income $1,285 in food stamps and $1,122 in survivor benefits for his first wife’s death. He refuses to give Chanel cash for books, laundry. Soon, all of Dasani’s uniforms are stained. At school, she is now wearing donated clothes and her hair is unkempt, inviting the dreaded designation of “nappy.” Rumors are circulating about norm sociology where she lives. Girls. Only six of the civil dbq, middle school’s 157 students reside in shelters. When the truth about Dasani emerges, she does nothing to girls books, contradict it. She is a proud girl.
She must find a way to turn the truth, like other unforeseeable calamities, in her favor. She begins calling herself “ghetto.” She dares the girls to fight her and Essay about Democracy challenges the boys to arm-wrestle, flexing the biceps she has built doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park. The boys watch slack-jawed as Dasani demonstrates the push-ups she has also mastered, earning her the nickname “muscle girl.” Her teachers are flummoxed. They assume that she has shed her uniform because she is girls, trying to act tough. In fact, the reverse is true. A chilly, November wind whips across Auburn Place, rustling the plastic cover of a soiled mattress in a trash bin outside the shelter. #9632; Chanel and norm sociology Supreme stand nearby, waiting for their children to come from books school. They are still short on cash.
The children had pitched in $5.05, from collecting cans and rights dbq bottles over the weekend. Chanel inspects the girls, mattress. Clean, it might fetch $10. About Athenian. But it is stained with feces. Janitors wearing masks and for colored girls books gloves had removed it from a squalid room where three small children lived, defecating on the floor. Their mother rarely bathed them, and they had no shoes on the day she gathered them in a hurry and left. “You can smell it?” Chanel asks Supreme. “No, I can see it,” he says, curling his lip. “Those are the norm sociology, people that they need to be calling A.C.S. on,” Chanel says. Girls. At the shelter, the abbreviation for the Administration for Children’s Services is uttered with the same kind of civil rights dbq, alarm that the C.I.A. Girls. can stoke overseas. “Nasty girl,” Chanel says, scrunching her nose.
Everyone knows Chanel. She weighs 215 pounds and her face is a constellation of freckles lit by a gaptoothed smile. She wraps her copper-hued hair in a tubular scarf. The street is her domain. When she walks, people often step to the side not in deference to meaning lovesong of j, her ample frame so much as her magisterial air.
Chanel is in everyone’s business, scoping out snitches, offering homeopathic remedies, tattling on a girl’s first kiss. A five-minute walk through Fulton Mall can take Chanel hours for for colored books, all the greetings, gossip, recriminations and nostalgia. She has a remarkable nose for people, sniffing out phoniness in seconds. Those who smile too much are wearing “a frown turned upside down.” She is often spoiling for norm sociology, a fight, or leaving people in the stitches of laughter. While others want the for colored books, life of the music mogul Jay-Z, Chanel would settle for being his pet. “Just let me be the dog. I don’t care where you put me.” When Chanel laughs, she tilts her head back and unleashes a thunderous cackle. Dasani can detect her mother’s laugh from blocks away. Today, she returns from school lugging a plastic bag of clothes donated by a security guard at McKinney. Dasani begins rummaging through the bag.
She pulls out a white Nautica ski jacket and holds it up to her shoulders. It is too wide, but she likes it. “It’s dirty,” she says forgivingly. “Look, Mommy!” she says, modeling her new coat. “That fits you real nice,” Chanel coos. Suddenly, Supreme leaps into international the air. His monthly benefits have arrived, announced by girls books a recording on his prepaid welfare phone. He sets off to reclaim his gold teeth from the pawnshop and buy new boots for the children at Cookie’s, a favored discount store in Fulton Mall. The money will be gone by week’s end. Supreme and Chanel have been scolded about their lack of financial discipline in countless meetings with the city agencies that monitor the Democracy, family. But when that monthly check arrives, Supreme and Chanel do not think about abstractions like “responsibility” and “self-reliance.” They lose themselves in the delirium that a round of ice creams brings.
They feel the books, sudden, exquisite release born of wearing those gold fronts again of appearing like a person who has rather than a person who lacks. The next day, Dasani goes to school wearing her new Cookie’s boots. Feeling amped, she gets into norm sociology a verbal spat with some boys in gym class and must spend her lunch hour in the principal’s office. Miss Holmes glowers at Dasani, who tries to leaven the mood by bragging about girls books her place on the honor roll. The principal is unmoved. Dasani still has a B average. “I want the standing up for, highest end of the for colored girls books, honor roll,” Miss Holmes says. Standing. “I want more. You have to want more, too.” Dasani stares at her tray. The discussion returns to her behavior in gym class. “While we care for you, we’re not going to take any crap,” Miss Holmes says. “You understand?”
Trying not to cry, Dasani examines her food a slice of cheese pizza, chocolate milk, a red apple. For Colored Girls. She wrinkles her nose. Miss Holmes has seen it before, the child too proud to show hunger. “Can you hurry up?” Miss Holmes says. “The drama with the pizza is not working for standing, me.” “I’ll feed you,” Miss Holmes says. “I will feed you. You don’t think I’ll feed you? Bring the tray.” Dasani slowly lifts the pizza slice to her mouth, cracking a smile.
Miss Holmes has seen plenty of distressed children, but few have both the for colored books, depth of Dasani’s troubles and about Democracy the height of for colored girls, her promise. There is not much Miss Holmes can do about life outside school. She knows this is a child who needs a sponsor, who “needs to see ‘The Nutcracker,’” who needs her own computer. There are many such children. Here at school, Miss Holmes must work with what she has. “Apples are very good for you,” she says, smiling. “Bananas are, too.” When Dasani is standing oneself, finished, she brings her empty tray to the principal for for colored girls, inspection.
Miss Holmes gestures at Dasani’s milk-stained mouth. T he tree is standing up for oneself, covered in Christmas lights that mask the for colored girls books, lack of ornaments. Rights. #9632; The children gather around it inside a dilapidated, two-story rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn the closest thing they have to girls books, a home. It belongs to Chanel’s ailing godmother, Sherry, whom the children call Grandma. Sherry’s day care center once occupied the first floor, where fading decals of Bambi now share space with empty liquor bottles. Chanel’s two unemployed brothers, 22-year-old Josh and 39-year-old Lamont, stay in Who Are You and What Are You Here? Rhetorical Essay the dark, musty basement. When the children visit, they spend most of their time upstairs, sleeping on a drafty wooden floor beneath a Roman-numeral clock that is permanently stopped at 2:47. Sherry’s electricity has been cut, but the tree remains lit and the heat stays on, via a cable illicitly connected to a neighbor’s power supply. Christmas gifts are scarce: coloring books, a train set, stick-on tattoos, one doll for each girl. A few nights later, the children are roused by shouts and a loud crash. Uncle Josh has punched his hand through a window and is threatening to kill Uncle Lamont. Josh lunges at for colored books his brother with a knife.
The men tumble to the floor as Chanel throws herself between them. Upstairs, the children cower and scream. Dasani calls out orders: “Nobody move! Let the adults handle it!” Sirens rattle the block. Josh is taken away in handcuffs as an dbq, ambulance races Lamont to the hospital with a battered eye. They had been fighting over a teenage girl. January brings relief, but not because of the new year.
It is the start of tax season, when Dasani’s parents and for colored books everyone they seem to know rush to file for the earned-income tax credit, a kind of standing oneself, bonanza for the poor. Their tax refunds can bring several thousand dollars, which could be enough to put down a rent deposit and leave the shelter. On Jan. For Colored Girls. 7, the family heads to Manhattan for a rare outing. They take the Q train, which barrels high across the meaning of the alfred prufrock, East River. The city’s lights shimmer, making Chanel think of books, opportunity. They will start looking for a home soon, she says.
“I wanna go somewhere where it’s quiet,” Dasani says. “I wanna go somewhere where there’s trees,” Chanel says. Civil Rights. “I just wanna see a bunch of trees and grass.” “Daddy say that he gonna buy this house with a lot of land with grass,” Dasani says, “so that each of girls books, us would get a part, so that you can do whatever you want with that part of the oneself, land.” Supreme sits far-off, listening to music on his phone. Baby Lele wails. Suddenly, Chanel spots Chinatown. The children squeal.
Dasani mentions a book she read about the Great Wall of China. “That’s not this town,” Chanel says. “It’s a big wall though,” Dasani says. “That’s the real Chinatown,” Chanel says. “This is the New York Chinatown, where they got Chinese people in girls Popeyes.” Dasani presses her forehead against the window and civil cups her hands around her eyes, as if preserving the for colored girls, view for up for oneself, herself. O pportunity comes rarely, but Dasani is always waiting. She wakes early on Jan. 18, hours in books advance of a track competition known for dbq, rescuing girls from the ghetto. #9632; She has no running shoes, just a pair of imitation Converses.
She is unknown in the rarefied world of athletic recruiters and private coaches. But ask anyone in her small corner of Brooklyn, from the crossing guards to the drunks, and they will say two things about this tiny girl with the wayward braids: She is strong like a boy and can run like the wind. Dasani heads out in the icy cold with her mother and two of her sisters. They walk a mile before arriving at the manicured grounds of the Pratt Institute in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Clinton Hill, which is hosting the Colgate Women’s Games. The amateur track and field series is for colored girls, a magnet for athletic recruiters, and norm sociology some of its champions have gone as far as the Olympics. Dasani will compete in for colored girls books the 200-meter dash. She heads to the bathroom to change. “She got shorts to put on?” one of the organizers asks. Dasani reaches for her leggings. “Those are the sneakers?” the woman frowns.
Wearing no socks, Dasani ties her rainbow laces and walks to the track. When her number is called, she takes her place among four other girls. The blank fires and she is off, ahead of the pack. Win, Dasani tells herself. Win. At the first bend, she trips and about Athenian falls behind. By the second turn, Dasani has caught up with the for colored books, lead runner. They are in of j alfred prufrock a dead heat for the finish line.
Dasani comes in girls books second. It hardly matters that her time is insufficient to make it past the preliminaries. They leave the stadium feeling euphoric. “My baby’s going to the Olympics,” Chanel crows. As they walk west along Willoughby Avenue, they talk of finding a trainer. Chanel starts singing her favorite Luther Vandross song, “A House Is Not a Home.” The girls have heard it enough times to sing along. A chair is still a chair. Even when there’s no one sittin’ there. But a chair is Essay about Athenian, not a house. And a house is not a home.
When there’s no one there. to hold you tight. They turn north on books Carlton Avenue, passing a renovated brick townhouse with sleek, metal window frames. A skinny brunette is unloading her station wagon. Essay Athenian Democracy. At the sight of books, Dasani’s family, she freezes. She smiles nervously and moves slowly to rights, her car, grabbing an infant from the car seat. The mood shifts. “She thinks we gonna jump her,” Chanel says as she keeps walking. The shelter is only three blocks away.
“Why do they feel like they’re so apart? She’s just two steps away from books us. Of The. If you got jumped out here, a black man would be the first to save your ass. That’s what I feel like telling her.” When they reach Myrtle Avenue, Chanel goes searching for a beer at her favorite corner store. For Colored Books. Dasani trails her. Inside, the short-order cook, a Mexican girl, stares at Chanel suspiciously. “You so nice, that’s why I see you,” the girl responds cockily.
“You better watch that grill,” Chanel says. “I don’t want to scare you.” “You think you scare me?” the girl yells. “Let’s fight right now!” Chanel shouts. “Wait for meaning lovesong of j, me outside!” the girl calls back. Chanel moves toward her, reaching for a mop. The owner, Salim, races toward Chanel. “I’ll crack her with a stick!” Chanel yells as Salim holds her back. Dasani is for colored, frozen. “I’ma wait for your ass when you come out,” Chanel says. Norm Sociology. “What time she get off?” “You run your mouth,” Salim says, gently leading Chanel away, as he has done before. As they leave, Dasani turns to the cook.
“She gonna knock you stupid, Chinese lady,” Dasani says. “Don’t use those words,” Salim cries out. For Colored Girls Books. “You’re not supposed to turn out oneself like your mother.” The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. Andrea Elliott Talks to Chanel About Interviewing.
G racie Mansion is something of an for colored, oddity. In a city with a 2 percent vacancy rate and a shortage of meaning of the lovesong, public housing, the mayoral residence sits uninhabited on 11 pristine acres of the Upper East Side. #9632; It has been more than a decade since Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg chose to remain in his opulent townhouse, consigning Gracie Mansion to the status of a museum and venue for civic events. Dasani knows none of books, these particulars when she steps through Gracie’s doors on a school trip in February. About Athenian. She is looking for for colored girls books, the mayor. She wants to see him up close, this mysterious “Wizard of Oz” figure who makes decisions about norm sociology her life from behind a curtain of political power.
It never occurs to books, Dasani that the mayor does not live there. Who could have a mansion and not live in it? “Look at that fireplace!” she marvels as her classmates step into the parlor where Mr. International. Bloomberg has given news conferences. For Colored. The tour guide, a woman wearing gold-clasp earrings and tangerine lipstick, moves the civil dbq, children along, reminding them not to touch. They shuffle into the library. Still no mayor. Dasani scans for clues like the F.B.I. agents of her favorite television show, “Criminal Minds.” She inspects a telephone. “His last call was at 11:15,” she whispers.
The tour guide opens French doors onto the veranda where New York’s mayors have entertained dignitaries from around the for colored girls books, world. “It’s a very gracious way of norm sociology, living,” she says. “Very elegant.” What impresses Dasani most are not the architectural details or the gold-bound volumes of Chaucer and books Tolstoy, but the nike, astonishing lack of dust. She runs her hand lightly over the top of for colored girls books, a Steinway piano. “I tell you,” she says. “This house is clean.” Dasani was still an infant when Mr. Bloomberg took office in meaning of j alfred 2002. Declaring Gracie Mansion “the people’s house,” he gathered $7 million in for colored girls books private donations much of Democracy, it his own money to rehabilitate the pale yellow 18th-century home, which overlooks the books, East River. In came new plumbing, floors, lighting and ventilation, along with exquisite touches like an norm sociology, 1820s chandelier and a four-poster mahogany bed. Facing that same river, six miles away on the opposite for colored books side, is the Auburn Family Residence, the civil, squalid city-run homeless shelter where Dasani has lived for girls, more than two years. She shares a crowded, mouse-infested room with her parents and norm sociology seven siblings, who sleep doubled up on torn mattresses.
Dasani spends her days in for colored the care of another city institution: her public school in Fort Greene, Brooklyn. The Susan S. Oneself. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts has suffered its own troubles under the Bloomberg administration: a shrinking budget and fewer teachers. Dasani shuttles between Auburn and McKinney, just two blocks apart. For Colored Books. They form the norm sociology, core of her life and for colored the bedrock of her future, one that is in peril. Adults who are homeless often speak of Democracy, feeling “stuck.” For children, the experience is more like a free-fall. With each passing month, they slip further back in every category known to predict long-term well-being. They are less likely to graduate from the schools that anchor them, and more likely to end up like their parents, their lives circumscribed by teenage pregnancy or shortened by for colored girls books crime and illness. In the absence of a steady home or a reliable parent, public institutions have an outsize influence on up for the destiny of children like Dasani. Whether she can transcend her circumstances rests greatly on girls books the role, however big or small, that society opts to play in Democracy her life. The question of public responsibility has gained urgency in recent decades.
By the girls, time Mr. Essay Democracy. Bloomberg was elected, children made up 40 percent of shelter residents. “We’re not walking away from girls taking care of the homeless,” the norm sociology, mayor said early on. “I have a responsibility, the city has a responsibility, to make sure that the facilities we provide are up to some standards.” The Bloomberg administration set out to revamp the shelter system, creating 7,500 units of temporary housing, a database to track the shelter population and girls books a program intended to prevent homelessness with counseling, job training and short-term financial aid. The new system also made it harder for families to be found eligible for shelter. For a time, the numbers went down. But in standing the wake of profound policy changes and a spiraling economy, more children wound up in shelters than at any time since the creation of the shelter system in the early 1980s.
While the Bloomberg administration spent $5 billion on shelter services, the conditions at Auburn remained grim. For Colored Girls Books. Dasani and her siblings have grown numb to life at civil the shelter, where knife fights break out and crack pipes are left on the bathroom floor. In the words of their mother, they have “become the place.” She has a verb for it: shelternized. For Dasani, school is girls, everything the provider of meals, on-the-spot nursing care, security and substitute parenting. On the Gracie trip, Dasani wears the Nautica coat donated by a school security guard and nike matching white gloves bestowed to her that morning by the principal. A school like McKinney can also provide a bridge to the wider world.
It does not matter that Dasani’s entire sixth grade must walk a mile to the subway in icy winds, take two trains, then walk another 10 minutes before arriving. This round-trip journey, which occupies much of the day, is books, a welcome escape. As Dasani leaves Gracie that afternoon, she refastens her neon-pink snow hat. She has given up on the mayor. “He lives somewhere else,” she says, waving an arm along East End Avenue before heading back to the subway. T here is no sign announcing the shelter at 39 Auburn Place, which rises over the neighboring Walt Whitman Houses like an accidental fortress. Its stately, neo-Georgian exterior hints at the shelter’s former life as a city hospital. Two sweeping sycamores shade the Essay about Athenian Democracy, entrance, where smokers linger under brick arches, flicking cigarette ashes onto an empty, untended lawn. A concrete walkway leads to the heavily guarded front door, where residents pass through a metal detector and their bags are searched for forbidden objects like canned food, hair dryers and girls books irons. Visitors are restricted to norm sociology, the bleak lobby.
Upstairs, cries and laughter echo along the dim corridors that Dasani’s legally blind sister, Nijai, has learned to for colored girls books, feel her way around. The shelter is ill equipped to nike, handle the needs of its numerous disabled residents, among them premature infants and severely autistic children. Yet the manual given to books, incoming families boasts a “full complement of professional and meaning of the alfred support personnel” who are “available to assist you 24 hours a day, seven days per week.” The booklet guarantees residents “protection from harm” and “the right to live in a secure, safe facility.” A starkly different Auburn the one to for colored, which Dasani is witness emerges from stacks of handwritten complaints, calls to up for oneself, 911, internal staff reports and dozens of for colored girls books, inspections over the last decade. It is less a haven than a purgatory. There is the 12-year-old boy who writes, on Oct. 29, 2012, that a female resident touched “my private area and I didn’t like it.” His mother also files a complaint, saying the woman was showing pornography to children. The police are never notified. Nor do they hear about rights dbq a 15-year-old girl who says she was sexually assaulted by a security guard one year earlier. The complaint, written by her mother in Spanish, never appears to have been translated. The pleas of a 12-year-old girl that same month also go unreported to the police.
She writes of books, a man who exposes his genitals in norm sociology a girls’ bathroom, making her too afraid to go back without a parent: “I am still scared that someone will come in.” It stands to reason that the complaints of children would be ignored, given how often the warnings of inspectors go nowhere. Over the last decade, city and state inspectors have cited Auburn for more than 400 violations many of them repeated including for inadequate child care, faulty fire protection, insufficient heat, spoiled food, broken elevators, nonfunctioning bathrooms and the presence of for colored books, mice, roaches, mold, bedbugs, lead and asbestos. Dasani can pick out the inspectors by their clipboards and focused expressions. They work for meaning of the alfred, the State Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance, which supervises homeless housing around the state. Given that Auburn is for colored girls, partly funded by the state, these inspectors should presumably hold sway. Year after year, their reports read like a series of unheeded alarms. Responses by the city’s Department of Homeless Services attribute Auburn’s violations to You and What Are You Doing Here? Analysis Essay, a lack of money. To the state’s complaint, in 2003, that only one staff member is tending to 177 school-age children in the shelter’s recreation room, the agency responds: “We lack resources for teenagers!” Auburn’s children have yet to assume their parents’ air of defeat. The children’s complaints recount their fear or discomfort as reason enough for for colored, action.
The adults write as if no one is norm sociology, listening. Many sound like the parent in April 2012 who has spotted a dead mouse in for colored books the cafeteria and asks a janitor to remove it. The next day, the mouse is still there. “A child could have touched it,” the international, parent recounts telling the janitor, to which the janitor laughs and girls books responds, “Well then you should have cleaned it up.” There is no place on the inspection forms for norm sociology, the most common complaint: the disrespect accorded to books, residents by the shelter staff. Were there such a box to check, it could never capture how these encounters reverberate for You and What Are You Analysis Essay, days, reinforcing the rock-bottom failure that Auburn represents. Even egregious incidents are sometimes mentioned in passing.
One mother summarizes her grievance, at the top of the form, as “All of my belongs went in garbbage.” In explaining how her possessions were discarded, she mentions, tangentially, that her caseworker had “groped” her. For Colored. She ends the complaint on a conciliatory note: “Peace.” The signature at norm sociology the bottom belongs to for colored girls books, Dasani’s mother, Chanel. After she filed the complaint in September 2011, the You and Essay, worker was taken off her case, but kept his job and recently got a raise. Chanel never told Dasani, for fear of passing on the shame she feels whenever she sees the man. Like most children, Dasani absorbs more than her mother would like. She can see how the shelter shrinks Chanel’s self-regard. Dasani is there when the guards rip through her mother’s carefully folded laundry in for colored books the name of about Athenian, “inspection,” or when a caseworker dresses her down like a cheeky adolescent. For Colored. “Sometimes it feels like, ‘Why you guys messin’ with my mom?’” Chanel is civil rights dbq, not the girls books, first woman to encounter sexual advances by an Auburn employee. Another resident complains that a security guard is “having sex with clients in the restrooms and in his black Dodge Charger.” A 2012 letter by nike international state inspectors to the Department of Homeless Services mentions a security supervisor and guards having “improper sexual contact” with a resident. This environment is especially punishing considering that some of Auburn’s women have fled violent men.
After a caseworker touched his 46-year-old client on the breast in February 2012, another male employee smiled at her the next day and books asked “if I was being good,” she wrote in a complaint, adding, “I walk around every day feeling violated.” Auburn initially suspended the rights dbq, caseworker, Kenneth Durieux, for 30 days. But he kept his job for nearly a year, even after the police charged him with sexual abuse. For Colored. He was dismissed last January, before pleading guilty to forcible touching. Just this year, there have been some 350 calls to 911 from the shelter including 24 reported assaults, four calls about possible child abuse and about Athenian Democracy one reporting a rape. City officials declined to comment on the reports of sexual abuse. They attribute other lapses to the building’s aging infrastructure, saying plans are in the works for an upgraded fire safety system, bathrooms and enhanced security. Since Mr. For Colored Girls. Bloomberg took office, the city has spent nearly $10 million on repairs and renovations at meaning of the lovesong alfred Auburn.
In the past decade, Auburn’s directors have fared well, receiving raises even as the for colored books, shelter’s problems persisted. One former director, Susan Nayowith, was promoted to head of client advocacy at the Department of Homeless Services. These kinds of facts are lost on the shelter’s children, who see only what is before them like the Swedish meatballs that come frozen in prepackaged trays or the Cheerios served one night for dinner. And then there are the elevators, which frequently break down. International. Even when they are working, children cannot ride them unless accompanied by an adult. A month before the trip to Gracie Mansion, when Dasani’s sister Avianna walks into girls the shelter gasping from an asthma attack, a guard refuses to take her up in the elevator.
Dasani lifts her wheezing sister, twice her girth, and carries her up four flights of stairs to their room. Six months later, it will be Dasani who falls gravely ill when the elevators are broken. She rocks and vomits bile one evening, trying to distract herself by watching television. At 3:02 a.m., Chanel calls 911. She helps Dasani down four sets of stairs before she collapses on a row of lovesong, chairs in the lobby. There is no ambulance, so Chanel calls again. One of the guards gets nervous, making a third call to report that the child “is in severe abdominal pain.” Two more calls are placed. At 4:02 a.m., a full hour later, an ambulance finally arrives to take Dasani to girls books, Brooklyn Hospital Center, where her doctor asks what she last ate. Who Are You And What Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis. Her answer: a shelter dinner of spinach lasagna. In the years that Dasani has lived in Room 449, city and state inspectors have cited at least 13 violations there, including the presence of roaches, mice and a lead paint hazard. Yet when Auburn’s staff members conduct their own inspections of 449, they focus on the family’s transgressions.
The room is girls books, found to civil rights dbq, be chaotic and insufficiently clean. For Colored. There are few mentions of Auburn’s own lapses the norm sociology, absence of dividers for privacy or assistance with permanent housing. Instead, inspectors focus on the family’s forbidden turtle or hidden microwave. Dasani finds this curious: “They not talking about putting us in a house; they looking for a microwave that don’t work.” Lately, it is the for colored girls, family’s sink, with its rotting wall and leaky pipe, that fails to get fixed.
For weeks, the pipe drips through the night. Norm Sociology. Finally, Dasani is for colored books, fed up. She crouches down and examines the pipe as her siblings watch. “Nobody thought about pushing it in and twisting it,” she says in her cocksure manner. A few quick jerks and she triumphs. The children squeal. It goes unremarked that here, in this shelter with a $9 million annual budget, operated by an agency with more than 100 times those funds, the plumbing has fallen to an 11-year-old girl. D asani’s homeroom at McKinney is norm sociology, a cozy haven of book-lined shelves and inspirational words scrawled in chalk, like “Success does not come without sacrifice and struggle.” #9632; Every morning, she quietly tucks her coat and backpack in for colored books the classroom closet, a precious ritual for a girl who has no other closet. She then slips into her small wooden desk, opposite norm sociology her humanities teacher, Faith Hester. Miss Hester can best be described as electric. She paces the room, throwing her arms in the air as her booming voice travels along McKinney’s hallways.
Long after she gave up dreams of acting, her class is the stage and her students, a rapt audience. Sometimes she arrives in an Audrey Hepburn updo; other days, she dons the for colored girls books, brightly patterned prints procured in Senegal on a trip to “learn the meaning of the lovesong prufrock, truth about girls books my motherland.” She favors expressions like “Oh my gooney goo hoo!” and “Okie pokie dokie shmokie!” If a student is stumped, she will break into improvised song, with the class soon chanting along: “I know you know it!” clap, clap “I know you know it!” clap, clap. Miss Hester knows that students learn when they get excited.
It bothers her that McKinney lacks the sophisticated equipment of other public schools. She shelled out more than $1,000 of her own money, as a single mother, to give her classroom a projector and document camera. When Miss Hester looks around her classroom, she sees a glimpse of her younger self. She was raised by a single mother in the Marcy projects of Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, a monotonous spread of 27 brick buildings with the singular distinction of being where Jay-Z grew up. Meaning Prufrock. She could never quite numb herself, like other children did, to the addicts shooting up in for colored girls the elevator or the Athenian Democracy, dead bodies on for colored girls books gurneys. Of The Of J. Her salvation came at for colored church and school. In 1979, Miss Hester was one of the first black students to of j prufrock, be bused from Marcy to the predominantly white Edward R. Murrow High School in Midwood, Brooklyn. Outside, children would chase after her, yelling, “Go back to your neighborhood!” Inside the school, she applied herself fastidiously. A teacher made all the difference, guiding her to college applications. She was only books, 16 when she graduated, bound for SUNY Cortland. Thirty-three years and two master’s degrees later, it is Miss Hester who searches for the student in need of saving.
She sees promise in Dasani, who landed on the honor roll last fall. But lately, she is civil, skipping homework and arriving moody and tired, if she makes it to for colored, school at all. New York’s homeless children have an abysmal average attendance rate of 82 percent, well below what is typically needed to advance to the next grade. Norm Sociology. Since the start of the girls books, school year, Dasani has already missed a week of class and arrived late 13 times. Her attendance is being closely tracked by a social worker in the school whose nonprofit organization, Partnership With Children, offers counseling and of the lovesong alfred prufrock other services to some of the city’s most vulnerable students. Miss Hester told Partnership about Dasani. For Colored Girls. She saw no point in nike international turning to the school’s guidance counselor or psychologist, who serves two other schools.
They jump from crisis to crisis, like E.R. doctors in triage, treating problems that have become acute or irreversible. Prevention is a luxury reserved for girls books, schools with enough counselors. Civil Rights. In their absence, McKinney turns to Partnership, which has weathered its own post-recession budget cuts and layoffs. Graduate students are filling in as interns. This is how Dasani finds herself sitting across from for colored girls Roxanne, who is pursuing a master’s degree in Are You Here? Rhetorical Analysis social work at Fordham University. Girls Books. She has been assigned to lead one-on-one counseling sessions with Dasani. Dasani has never had a counselor. They meet once a week, passing the time playing Mancala as Roxanne tries to draw Dasani out, which proves far more difficult than any board game. Dasani knows how to deflect questions with humor, avoiding talk about You and Are You Here? her family and the shelter. She is also studying Roxanne.
There is something soft about this Minnesota native, who uses words like “sweetie” and melts into giggles. Dasani is puzzled by Roxanne’s attire the rumpled shirts and distressed boots that pass for hip in other Brooklyn quarters. Nothing she wears seems to match, and yet her clothes are spotless. This leads Dasani to conclude that Roxanne lives in for colored girls a clean, suburban home like the norm sociology, kind shown on “Criminal Minds,” where detectives search for for colored girls books, murder clues. It is Essay Athenian, not the murders themselves that intrigue Dasani so much as the enormous, orderly closets of the crime scenes closets big enough to live in. Miss Hester wonders about these counseling sessions. For Colored. She finds Roxanne bright and devoted, but worries that Dasani will run circles around the intern, whose overriding quality is sweetness.
B ack at the shelter, Dasani spends countless hours with her siblings playing games on a Nintendo Wii. #9632; If Dasani could design her own video game, she would call it “Live or Die.” The protagonist would be an What Are You, 11-year-old girl fighting for girls books, her own salvation. In the first round, she confronts the easy villains her chores scrambling to bathe, dress and feed her siblings. She cannot find Baby Lele, who is crying. The baby’s tears turn into lethal rocks that fall from the sky, which the girl must dodge. Next, she encounters her parents battling social workers in international the guise of angry pirates. Chanel tosses magical powers to the girl, who defeats the pirates, melting them to the ground. In the third round, she goes to school, finding danger and deliverance. Her math teacher is for colored girls books, a supervillain whose weapon is Athenian, numbers. “Ten” turns into 10 charging porcupines.
Down the hall, the girl must rescue Miss Hester from for colored giant, rolling cans. “If she dies, all the of the of j, kids die, too.” Finally, the girl faces off against her longtime rival from the girls, projects, a purple hulk who picks up cars and hurls them. If the girl survives, she reaches the queen the principal, Paula Holmes who decides her future. Winning brings the prize of a new house. Losing means returning to the shelter, “which is Essay about Democracy, death.” “My goal is to make it to the end, but I keep dying,” Dasani says. It is easier for girls, Dasani to think of Auburn as the standing oneself, worst possible outcome because the for colored books, alternative winding up on norm sociology the street is unfathomable. She knows that if she and her siblings were to lose the shelter, they might land in foster care, losing one another. So as bad as it is, the for colored girls books, children try to make the place their own. When the lights are on, their room is Athenian Democracy, flatly fluorescent, which prompts them to girls, climb a dresser, remove the plastic lamp cover from the ceiling and color it in Who Are You and Are You Doing Analysis Essay with crayons the shades of a rainbow. When the lights are off, the room assumes a gray aura not unlike, Dasani imagines, the hospital ward it once was. “This was where they put the crazies,” she declares, citing as proof a rusted intercom by for colored books the door.
The communal bathroom closest to Dasani is, indeed, reminiscent of of j alfred, “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.” Tiled in steely green, its centerpiece is an old, industrial bathtub with no partition. A limp plastic curtain divides the sole shower from the rest of the bathroom, which is marked by vulgar graffiti and shared by dozens of women and girls, though men sometimes intrude. The floor is filthy. The children routinely wipe it down with bleach stolen from the janitors, as residents are forbidden to bring the cleaning solvent into Auburn. A changing table hangs off its hinge, pointing to the floor like a slide. At night, the children hear noises. They are sure Auburn is haunted. Five-year-old Papa calls the ghost in for colored girls their room “I-it.” When it is dark, they are far too afraid to use the bathroom, so they relieve themselves in a bucket. Yet that bathroom has become Dasani’s makeshift sanctuary. She practices hip-hop routines across the floor. Rights Dbq. She sits alone in the toilet stall, the lid closed beneath her.
Sometimes she reads, or just closes her eyes. Her mind feels crowded anywhere else. Lately, she is for colored girls books, worried about Essay Athenian Democracy her mother, who has been summoned on books Feb. 13 to Essay about Democracy, an urgent meeting at the Administration for Children’s Services, the agency tasked with protecting the children. Photographs of smiling children line the walls of the agency’s lobby in for colored girls Bedford-Stuyvesant, where Chanel is greeted by her caseworker, who uses the nickname “Mr. James.” “We’re not having this meeting because we want to take your kids away,” he says cheerfully. “We’re having this meeting because we want you to move to Who Are What Are You Analysis, an apartment.” Chanel stares at him. “Why don’t you ever tell my lawyer about these meetings?” she asks, even though she cannot recall the name of the last public defender to represent her. “You don’t need a lawyer to attend an A.C.S. meeting,” he responds. They ride the elevator up to for colored girls, a conference room, where Chanel is up for, jarred to find the director of Auburn, Derrick Aiken, waiting.
He is there to issue a warning: If Chanel and her husband, Supreme, do not comply with the Department of Homeless Services’ requirements, the family may be forced to leave the shelter system. At issue is their public assistance case, which has closed because Supreme failed to report to a job placement program, one of dozens of for colored girls books, such lapses in the past decade. Currently, the family receives only food stamps and survivor benefits. An open public assistance case allows the agency to be reimbursed with federal funds, while also making the family eligible for child care and rights dbq job training the kind of supports that could help in finding a home. But the girls, problem for Chanel and Supreme comes down to basic math: Even with two full-time jobs, on minimum wage, they would have combined salaries of only $2,300 per month just enough to cover the average rent for a studio in up for Brooklyn. New York, it often strikes Chanel, has no place for the poor. Auburn offers plenty of proof.
Residents like Jenedra, a home health aide, and her daughter, who works at a Pinkberry in Park Slope, Brooklyn, cannot afford city prices. The gap between income and housing costs was widening when Mayor Bloomberg took office in 2002. The homeless population was also growing. For decades, the city had tried to stem the numbers by giving homeless families priority access to for colored girls, public housing, Section 8 vouchers and subsidized city apartments. Rhetorical Essay. While the policy was in place, only 11.5 percent of the families returned to shelters within five years. To Mr.
Bloomberg, priority referrals were an incentive to enter the shelter system. “Our own policies needlessly encourage entry and prolong dependence on shelters,” he said in 2004. Mr. Bloomberg’s approach to homelessness mirrored his views on poverty at large. The mayor’s best-known effort was the Center for Economic Opportunity, which spent $662 million on poverty prevention programs that emphasized education and for colored girls books job training as a means to self-reliance. In line with that agenda, the mayor ended the priority-referrals policy in November 2004. Instead, the city began offering homeless families time-limited rental assistance, including through a program called Advantage. Yet more than a quarter of them wound up back in shelters once their subsidies ran out. Among them was Dasani’s family. Democracy. After their $1,481 rent subsidy expired in 2010, they returned to a shelter system that spends roughly $3,000 per month on every family. It would end up costing the city $400,000 to girls books, house Dasani’s family over a decade.
In 2011, Mr. Bloomberg ended Advantage after the state withdrew its funding. Six months later, the city’s homeless population hit a record that included more than 16,000 children, many of whom had been homeless before. These children have come to be known, among the of the lovesong prufrock, city’s homeless advocates, as “the lost generation.” D asani is well versed in city politics, but not because she follows the news. She is for colored, simply forced to notice what other children miss. #9632; When Mr. Bloomberg tried to ban the sale of nike international, large, sugary drinks, Dasani began calculating what two sodas would cost in place of the for colored books, supersize cup that, in her family, is typically passed among eight small mouths. Now it is the citywide bus strike that has called Dasani’s attention, by civil dbq virtue of the fact that she must walk three of her younger siblings to school.
It is no small feat to corral Papa, Hada and Maya, who form a tempestuous gaggle of untied shoelaces, short tempers and yogurt-stained mouths. Dasani shepherds them five long blocks to Public School 287, stepping around used condoms and empty beer cans. “Double up!” she yells in the manner of for colored, her mother. The children go silent and reach for each other’s hands, waiting for the traffic to pause. Suddenly, they dash like spirits across the six-lane street that runs under the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway. The strike has worn on for a month when, on Valentine’s Day, Dasani stops into a corner store outside McKinney. She scans the aisles before settling on an iced honey bun, a bag of Who Are You and Here? Analysis, nacho-flavored sunflower seeds and some red gummy bears a rare $3 breakfast earned as part of her allowance for watching Baby Lele all weekend. She glides into class only for colored girls books, a few minutes late.
Today’s lesson is about context clues, in preparation for standardized tests that are coming. “You come across an unfamiliar word,” Miss Hester explains. “You look at the surrounding words and ideas and you unpack that word.” The theatrics begin. “Flabbergasted,” she says. “I was flabbergasted when I found a million dollars in my purse.” The class erupts in laughter. “A million dollars!” Miss Hester hoots. “I know that that’s a lot of money. And it’s in my purse. And I’m supposed to be broke,” she says, batting her long lashes. “‘Flabbergasted’ means ‘delightfully surprised.’” Dasani is delightfully surprised whenever she is in Here? Miss Hester’s presence. It does not matter that her mother finds the teacher “weird.” She makes Dasani want to girls books, learn. One can only imagine the heights Dasani might reach at a school like Packer Collegiate Institute, just 12 blocks west of the meaning lovesong of j prufrock, shelter.
Its campus has a theater with computerized lighting, “green” science labs and a menu offering chipotle lime tilapia and roasted herb chicken. Its middle school cultivates the interests of the “whole child,” for whom doors will open to the “public arenas of the world.” Packer’s students might learn something from Dasani, too. Parents from for colored five private Brooklyn schools recently filed into Packer, where tuition is over $35,000, to hear a clinical psychologist give a talk on how to raise “self-reliant, appreciative children in a nervous and entitled world.” That world is unlikely to become Dasani’s. She is not the kind of child to land a coveted scholarship to private school, which would require a parent with the Analysis, wherewithal to seek out such opportunities and see them through. For Colored Books. For the same reason, Dasani does not belong to New York’s fast-growing population of charter school students. In fact, the reverse is norm sociology, happening: a charter school is for colored girls books, coming to McKinney. Approved last December by the Education Department, Success Academy Fort Greene will soon claim half of nike, McKinney’s third floor. Books. This kind of co-location arrangement has played out in schools across the city, stoking deep resentments in of the lovesong of j poor communities.
The guiding ethos of the charter school movement has been “choice” the power to for colored books, choose a school rather than capitulate to a flawed education system and a muscular teachers’ union. But in communities like McKinney’s, the experience can feel like a lack of choice. Dasani watched, wide-eyed, during a protest last December as McKinney’s parents and teachers held up signs comparing the co-location to apartheid. Charter schools, which are publicly funded but privately operated, serve fewer students with special needs, and meaning lovesong of j prufrock are sometimes perceived as exclusive. A web posting for for colored books, Success Academy Fort Greene does little to counter that notion. Athenian. Parents, it says, “shouldn’t have to trek to other Brooklyn neighborhoods or spend $30,000+ on for colored books a private school in order to find excellence and rigor.”
By late February, Dasani’s grades have plummeted. On her wrist is a bite mark left by a classmate whom she had fought after the international, girl called her “musty.” The next day, Dasani lunges at girls a girl in gym class. Norm Sociology. Miss Hester has had enough. “I’m really not happy with the way that you are victimizing others,” she says sternly. “I need it to stop immediately. Do you understand me?” She nods at Miss Hester, her eyes dropping.
For Dasani, school and life are indistinguishable. When school goes well, she is whole. For Colored Books. When it goes poorly, she can’t compartmentalize like some students, who simply “focus” on rights their studies. It is a place to for colored girls, love or leave. Minutes later, Dasani is sitting in McKinney’s packed auditorium for an assembly on Black History Month. She hates Black History Month. “It’s always the same poems,” she says. The new honor roll is called out. Dasani’s name is missing.
It must be a mistake, she tells herself. But when she hears all the other names, the norm sociology, truth sinks in. She slumps in her chair as a group of boys takes the stage to for colored girls, recite Langston Hughes. What happens to a dream deferred? like a raisin in the sun?
Dasani knows this poem well. About Athenian Democracy. They read it every year. She stares blankly at for colored girls books the stage. Maybe it just sags. Like a heavy load. Or does it explode? The Times used small video cameras as an Who Are What, additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. O n the Brooklyn block that is Dasani’s dominion, shoppers can buy a $3 malt liquor in an airless deli where food stamps are traded for cigarettes. Or they can cross the street for a $740 bottle of chardonnay at an industrial wine shop accented with modern art. It is a sign outside that locale, Gnarly Vines, that catches Dasani’s notice one spring afternoon: “Wine Tasting Tonight 5-8.”
Dasani is hardly conversant in the subject of libations, but this much she knows: A little drink will take off her mother’s edge. Without further ado, Chanel heads into for colored the wine shop on standing up for oneself Myrtle Avenue, trailed by four of her eight children. They are lugging two greasy boxes of pizza and a jumbo pack of diapers from Target. The cashier pauses. The sommelier smiles. “Wanna try a little rosé?” she asks brightly, pouring from a 2012 bottle of Mas de Gourgonnier. “I would describe it as definitely fruit forward at the beginning.”
Chanel polishes it. “Not refreshing,” Chanel says. “I just think dry.” “No, it’s very dry,” says the sommelier, a peppy blonde in wire-rim glasses. “It’s high acid, a little citrusy.” Chanel sticks out her tongue. She finds the woman’s choice of words unappetizing. To the girls, side of the wine display is up for, a large, silver vase that recalls the family urn, prompting Chanel’s son Khaliq to ask if it contains the ashes of a dead person. “Oh my gosh, for cremation?” the sommelier asks, shaking her head. “We just use it for spitting in.” “For spitting?” Chanel says with horror.
“Yeah, it’s got rejected wine in girls books it,” the sommelier says. Chanel scoffs. She might not like the wine, but she sees no reason to spit it out. She moves on to a Tuscan sangiovese. Ignoring the spectacle, Dasani scans the room, frowning at norm sociology a sign on the wall: Liqueur. “They got liquor spelled wrong,” she yelps victoriously. Actually, the sommelier interjects, that is the French word for the delicate, liquid spirits derived from fruits such as pomegranates and girls raspberries. “But you’re very right,” she offers sweetly. “That is not how you spell liquor.” “Not the hood liquor,” Chanel says. D asani’s neighborhood is one of the nike international, most unequal pockets of books, New York City, the most unequal metropolis in America. #9632; Fort Greene occupies less than one square mile. On the map, its boundaries form the shape of a pitcher tilting at the northwestern edge of international, Brooklyn. Just north of Fort Greene Park are the projects and, among them, the homeless shelter where Dasani lives. Just south of the park are some of Brooklyn’s finest townhouses and girls books cultural gems, including the Brooklyn Academy of Music, where theatergoers were lining up to see “Julius Caesar” on the day that Dasani led her mother to the wine shop.
If one thing distinguishes Dasani’s New York from that of her antecedents, it is a striking proximity to the wealth that eludes her. She routinely walks past a boho-chic boutique on Lafayette Avenue where calfskin boots command $845. Heading north, she passes French bulldogs on leashes and infants riding like elevated genies in Uppababy strollers with shock-absorbing wheels. Norm Sociology. Three blocks away is an ice cream parlor where $6 buys two salted-caramel scoops. Like most children, Dasani is oblivious to the precise cost of such extravagances. She only knows that they are beyond her reach. Nor can this 11-year-old girl be expected to grasp the subtle gradations of Fort Greene’s elite, whose creative class feels pushed out of a neighborhood it once considered more gritty than tony. Dasani sees the chasms of Fort Greene more plainly, reasoning that wealth belongs to “the whites” because “they save their money and girls books don’t spend it on drinking and smoking.” Such perceptions are fed by the contrasts of this neighborhood, where the top 5 percent of Are You Doing Rhetorical Analysis, residents earn 76 times as much as the bottom quintile. Dasani spots addicts gathering outside a food pantry a block from $2 million brownstones. She notes that few people in the projects use the Citi Bikes stationed nearby.
The celebrated bike sharing program, unveiled this year, requires a credit or debit card for a $101 security deposit. Dasani also knows that not everyone in the projects is poor. Her Uncle Waverly, who lives in the Walt Whitman Houses across from her shelter, the Auburn Family Residence, works as a supervisor for the parks department and has a Lexus S.U.V. For Colored. When he drives past Dasani and her siblings, he pretends not to norm sociology, know them. Dasani charts the patterns of Fort Greene Park by skin color.
The basketball courts are closest to the projects, drawing black children to that northwestern corner. On the rare occasion when Dasani ventures to the opposite quadrant, she sees white women sunbathing in bikinis or playing tennis near a water fountain outfitted for dogs. She never finds those women at the nearby Bravo Supermarket for Values, where thieves are photographed in Polaroids that fill the store’s “Wall of Shame.” Wearing naked expressions, they are forced to pose with their stolen items things like Goya beans and Kraft cheese. A woman named Mary holds a can of tuna in a photograph titled “Catch of the Day.” Dasani is for colored books, more likely to encounter shoppers of another stratum at the local Target, where they can save on items that for her family represent a splurge. Fort Greene’s two economies are an experiment born of meteoric gentrification. Of The Prufrock. In the last decade, the girls, neighborhood has been remade, with the rights, portion of girls, white residents jumping by 80 percent as real estate prices more than doubled despite the recession.
Just the word “gentrification” is remarkably divisive. It derives from the meaning of j alfred, Middle English word “gentrise,” which means “of noble descent.” The word has become shorthand for an urban neighborhood where muggings are down and espresso is books, roasted a place that has been “discovered,” as though no one had been living there. Dasani’s Fort Greene reaches deep into the last century. Norm Sociology. Her grandmother Joanie grew up in the Raymond V. Ingersoll Houses, next to the Walt Whitman Houses. Both projects opened in 1944, an era of New Deal reforms that gave rise to white flight and urban decay. Fort Greene, like other black areas, was redlined, allowing banks to disinvest and property values to plummet.
The neighborhood’s prospects started to change in 1978, after the for colored girls, city declared part of Fort Greene a historic district. Norm Sociology. By the books, time Dasani was born there in 2001, a billionaire was preparing to run for civil dbq, mayor. A year after taking office, Michael R. Bloomberg announced an ambitious redevelopment plan for books, Downtown Brooklyn. Fort Greene’s transformation came swiftly. Nike. Through aggressive rezoning and generous subsidies, the for colored girls books, city drew developers who, in the span of three years, built 19 luxury buildings in What Doing Here? Analysis Essay the surrounding area that catered across racial lines to girls, the educated elite. Dasani and Essay about Athenian Democracy her siblings routinely pass the Toren, a glistening, 38-story glass tower on books Myrtle Avenue offering a 24-hour concierge, gymnasium, pool and movie theater. In June, a condominium there sold for $1.4 million. Just blocks away stand the Ingersoll and Whitman projects, which engulf Dasani’s shelter and, like Auburn, have fallen into You and Are You Doing Analysis Essay disrepair. It is the juxtaposition of these neglected time capsules to Fort Greene’s luxury towers that seems to mock the neighborhood’s effort at for colored ascension. For the arriviste investor, the projects present a rude visual interruption, an inconvenient thing to walk around, but never through. For Dasani, these faded buildings hold a legacy so intricate and rich it could fill volumes were it ever told.
The homeless shelter where she lives is the very building where Grandma Joanie had been born, back when it was Cumberland Hospital. Just across the way is the fifth-story apartment where Joanie grew up, helping her own mother raise seven other children in the clasp of civil, poverty. Three generations later, little has changed. Even as the for colored, fortunes of this neighborhood rose, Dasani’s matrilineal line, from her great-grandmother to her mother, has followed a trajectory of teenage pregnancy, addiction and violence. Fort Greene is now a marker. For one set of people, arriving signals triumph. Essay. For another, remaining means defeat. Dasani will do better, she tells herself. Books. “People don’t go nowhere in Brooklyn,” she says.
Chanel promises they will move this spring, after the tax refunds arrive. Yet as Dasani walks through her grandmother’s streets, it is not with the civil rights, sense of imminent departure so much as melancholic return. C hanel was 8 when she found her mother’s crack pipe in a jewelry box. She held it up to the light and for colored girls showed it to her brother. Essay About Democracy. #9632; We gonna toss it, he said. #9632; They opened the window and watched as the brown glass vial soared through the air, crashing onto the sidewalk. It was the mid-1980s, and girls books crack had swept the streets of Brownsville, Brooklyn, where Chanel’s mother, Joanie, now lived. Chanel visited on weekends. The rest of the norm sociology, time, she stayed with her godmother, Sherry, who had been the common-law wife of Chanel’s father.
Chanel’s mother was his lover. Stranger things had happened in Brownsville, and now that Chanel’s father was dead, the two women made peace, despite their differences. Joanie relied on welfare to books, support her habit. Sherry ran a day care center and shunned drugs. “It was like two different people trying to raise one kid,” Chanel says.
At Sherry’s rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn, Chanel minded her chores and did her homework. At Joanie’s, the alfred prufrock, child watched dance parties meld into a predawn haze. Worried that Joanie would unduly influence Chanel, Sherry sent the 10-year-old girl to for colored girls, live with a relative in Pittsburgh and attend Catholic school. But Chanel longed for her birth mother and began to act out. Within a few years, she returned to New York and moved in with Joanie. They soon wound up in a shelter in Queens, where both were exposed to tuberculosis. Over the next few years, they drifted apart. Joanie turned her life around after President Bill Clinton signed legislation in lovesong prufrock 1996 to end “welfare as we know it,” placing time limits and work restrictions on girls recipients of government aid. She got clean and joined a welfare-to-work program, landing a $22,000-a-year job cleaning subway cars for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. You And Analysis Essay. “This is the happiest day of my life,” she told Chanel. By then, Chanel had dropped out of high school and for colored girls was addicted to crack. She had joined a sect of the violent Bloods gang, tattooing her street name, Lady Red, in curly letters across her right arm.
She was a regular in the crack dens of Bedford-Stuyvesant. Chanel first noticed white people in “the Stuy” after a snowstorm swept Brooklyn in the late 1990s. Out of norm sociology, nowhere, two cross-country skiers appeared along Franklin Avenue like “a pair of aliens.” She watched as the girls books, skiers coasted by, carving a trail through virgin snow. She sensed that Brooklyn was on the cusp of change. But she could not have imagined that just five blocks from that spot, people would one day line up to buy blood orange and hibiscus doughnuts at nike an artisanal shop called Dough. The first commercial signs of for colored girls books, Brooklyn’s transition were simpler. In 2001, Chanel spotted a new brand of bottled water Dasani on the shelves of her corner store.
She was pregnant again, but unlike the miscarriages of her teens, this baby was surviving. Chanel needed a name. For a 23-year-old Brooklyn native who had spent summers cooling in international the gush of hydrants, the name “Dasani” held a certain appeal. It sounded as special as Chanel’s name had sounded to for colored books, her own mother, when she saw the perfume advertised in a magazine. It grasped at something better. Dasani was born on May 26 at Brooklyn Hospital Center in Fort Greene. The doll-faced infant weighed only 5 pounds 6 ounces.
She was strikingly alert and had, the nurse noted, a “vigorous cry.” Three days later, Chanel left her with Joanie and took off. Even as a baby, Dasani was awake to prufrock, the world. For Colored Books. She leaned out of her stroller and stared at passers-by, who called her “Batman eyes.” She was tiny, but never frail, and began walking at only 8 months. Chanel would surface from time to time, but Dasani latched on to Joanie. A year later, Chanel had a second daughter by the same man, naming her Avianna, inspired by the more expensive brand of Evian water. Joanie had hit her limit, so Chanel turned to the city’s shelter system.
With both babies, she reported to the Department of Homeless Services intake office in the Bronx. They were sent to 30 Hamilton Place, a family shelter in Essay about Athenian Democracy Harlem. Down the girls books, hall, a single father had moved in with his own two children. He called himself Supreme. He had sad, knowing eyes that made him look older than his 26 years. He never talked about the past. S upreme was born to heroin addicts in the Cypress Hills projects of East New York.
By age 7, he knew how to shop with his mother’s food stamps and cook grits for his four younger siblings. What Doing Here? Rhetorical. When the pantry was empty, he made sugar sandwiches. He was 9 when he came upon the lifeless body of for colored girls, his baby sister. She had been left near the entrance of the projects, wrapped in a blanket. Supreme stroked her head and kept saying her name, Precious. “She didn’t wake up,” he says. Investigators for Child Protective Services thought the 2-year-old girl had swallowed sleeping pills, though the medical examiner concluded that she had died of sudden infant death syndrome. The father had left Precious alone when she died. When her mother found her, Supreme recalled, she panicked, leaving the girl’s body outside as she ran for Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis, help.
Later that day, the agency’s workers removed Supreme and his siblings from the home. For the next three years, Supreme bounced from foster care to group homes. He soon dropped out of school and left for North Carolina to join the girls books, crack trade. By 17, Supreme had a felony drug conviction and was serving time at a maximum-security prison in Walpole, Mass. It was there that he discovered the Five Percent Nation, a growing movement whose followers believe they are the chosen “5 percent” of humanity. The Five Percenters were shaping urban culture and music, while spreading the word that the black man is Who Are You and Doing Analysis Essay, God. That message that God was within him filled Supreme with a sense of power over his destiny, one that until now had been steered by books outsiders. Supreme left prison in nike international 1997 with a high school equivalency diploma.
He married and for colored girls books moved to Washington, finding work as a barber. Six years later, his wife pregnant with their third child had a heart attack and up for oneself fell down a flight of stairs to her death. Chanel took pity on this solemn widower, who came to for colored, the shelter a few months after his wife’s passing. Dasani and Avianna were the exact same ages as his children. He seemed different from the Who Are You and What Doing Here? Analysis Essay, other men. Girls. He was always reading, and Athenian Democracy had a way with words.
“I fell in for colored books love with his brains,” Chanel says. Two incomplete families soon became one. Chanel embraced the lovesong alfred prufrock, Five Percent, wrapping her head in a scarf and vowing to books, stay off drugs. Norm Sociology. They married at the city clerk’s office on Feb. 4, 2004. For Chanel, it was a moment of triumph.
Women in for colored girls books her family almost never married. “We were the product of split-up families,” she says. “We always wanted a big family. One family. One full family.” But Supreme and norm sociology Chanel had a temperamental love. Their biggest fights led to for colored girls books, brief separations, even as three more children were born. Chanel could not stay off drugs for long. When she gave birth to Papa in 2007, the hospital detected marijuana in his blood. In an Athenian, instant, everything changed.
Chanel and Supreme were summoned to the Administration for Children’s Services office in Bedford-Stuyvesant the books, same brick building where Supreme had been escorted as a child. Standing there, in the lobby, the You and Are You Here? Essay, memory came rushing back. Supreme was 9 again, losing his sister, then his parents, then his other siblings, all in the course of a day. Soon his own children became accustomed to books, knocks at the door as the agency’s caseworkers, responding to a handful of complaints about possible neglect, began to monitor the up for oneself, family. They inspected the children from head to toe, searching for girls, signs of abuse. Dasani learned to spot a social worker on the street by the person’s bag (large enough to hold files).
She became expert at the complex psychic task of managing strangers of civil dbq, reading facial expressions and girls interpreting intonations, of knowing when to say the right thing or to avoid the wrong one. “They can use that in Athenian a court of law against the parent,” she says, back in the voice of “Criminal Minds.” “I love my parents. They’re tough, but I should not be taken away from them.” Dasani remained tethered to Grandma Joanie, who had proudly kept her job as a sanitation worker. She now lived in a cozy apartment in Bedford-Stuyvesant.
On weekends, Joanie would fix the children B.L.T. For Colored Books. sandwiches and meticulously braid their hair before snuggling up to watch Beyoncé videos. Dasani was Joanie’s favorite. With this child, Joanie could finally be a mother. Essay Democracy. With Joanie, Dasani could be a child. A few months shy of Dasani’s eighth birthday, Joanie fell gravely ill with leukemia. On March 7, 2008, she died in for colored books the same hospital where Dasani had been born.
She was 55. “Why she had to go away so quickly?” Dasani asks. At the funeral, mourners gasped as the tiny girl flung herself on the open coffin. Dasani kicked and wailed as Chanel tore her away. Joanie was cremated and her ashes placed in a black and civil dbq silver urn that remained with Dasani’s family, accompanying them like a talisman. Her death brought a rebirth. Chanel inherited $49,000 of Joanie’s pension savings. At the time, the family had been renting a small apartment in East New York through a city program offering time-limited subsidies to the homeless. That month, the family’s subsidy expired.
Chanel’s inheritance saved them from homelessness. Months later, the city began a new rent subsidy program called Advantage. For Colored Girls Books. With its help, Chanel leased a duplex on Staten Island, and in summer 2008, boarded the Staten Island Ferry with Supreme and the children. It was their first time on a boat. They raced to the back and rights dbq leaned into the salty mist. Staten Island was quiet and green. In their new apartment on North Burgher Avenue, the children rolled around on the wall-to-wall carpet. There they lay, pressed together, that first night. It was their first real home.
The children’s euphoria steadily rose with that of their parents. “When they’re happy, I’m happy,” Dasani says. “When they’re sad, I’m sad. It’s like I have a connection, like I’m stuck to them like glue.” Chanel and Supreme talked giddily of starting a youth center that would teach the for colored books, Five Percent ethos known as the “Five P’s”: proper planning prevents poor performance. Supreme landed a job at Heavenly Cuts, a barbershop a few blocks away.
Chanel bought a used, cherry-red Dodge Durango and a rolling kitchen island at Home Depot. She decorated the girls’ room with pink Barbie curtains, sheets and matching TVs. The children ran barefoot in the backyard, racing across a Slip ’N Slide as Supreme grilled burgers. Joanie’s urn occupied a place of honor in the living room. This was, without question, the high point of their collective life.
It would take years for Chanel to standing up for oneself, understand why things so quickly fell apart. It was not obvious, in that blinding moment, that money could be useful only if they knew how to spend it. To think it would bring salvation was as quixotic as expecting a set of keys to girls, drive a car. Money was not going to heal a father who had never been a child. When customers took a seat in Supreme’s chair at lovesong alfred the barbershop, they saw a pair of hands expertly at work.
They did not see the boy who, at age 7, had learned that very skill by cutting his brothers’ hair while his parents were strung out on for colored girls books heroin. What money brought was a quick escape from Who Are What Here? Essay all that. Over the next two years, Supreme and Chanel bobbed and wove through a fog of addiction. Supreme started doing heroin. Girls Books. Chanel became hooked on standing painkillers during an extended stay at Staten Island Hospital, where she was being treated for girls books, a recurrence of the tuberculosis she contracted in a shelter. Children’s Services hovered over norm sociology, the family, ensuring that Chanel and Supreme submit to random drug tests. Eventually, Supreme and for colored Chanel stopped working. By August 2010, bedbugs had infested the family’s house, just as their rent subsidy once again expired.
The city’s shelters were filling with former Advantage recipients families who had been homeless before taking the rent subsidy, only to Essay Democracy, become homeless again. On Aug. 20, Dasani’s family boarded the ferry to Manhattan, where they headed to for colored girls books, the Department of lovesong of j, Homeless Services’s intake office in the South Bronx. As Dasani’s family approached the entrance, Chanel spotted two abandoned baby turtles in a cardboard box. She stuffed them in her pockets. Six days later, the family arrived at Auburn, along with its two forbidden pet turtles and Joanie’s urn. C hildren are said to be adaptable.
On outward appearances, Dasani and her siblings became inured to the dehumanizing ways of for colored, Auburn the security checks at the entrance, the grimy bathrooms, the long waits for rancid food. Yet nothing prepared them for civil dbq, what happened on Sept. 7, 2011, a year after they arrived. Chanel and the children had been “logged out” of Auburn, the official description of for colored, what happens when residents who have been absent for more than 48 hours are sent to the Bronx intake office to fill out forms and answer questions. Civil Rights. The entire family must make this onerous trip, even on school days.
That evening, tired and hungry, they returned to girls books, their room. It looked ransacked. Almost everything was gone: their clothes, shoes, books, television, toys, Social Security cards, birth certificates, photographs, love letters the rights dbq, traces of their existence. Joanie’s urn had also vanished. Chanel raced down to for colored books, the security guards, Dasani chasing after her. “Where are my mother’s ashes?” she screamed. Nike International. The story soon emerged: An Auburn employee had paid a resident $10 to clean out the room, as other residents looted the family’s valuables. Everything else was tossed in the garbage. Chanel bolted to the back of the for colored girls, shelter, where a large, metal incinerator holds Auburn’s rotting trash.
She waded in, the garbage reaching her waist. She searched frantically. This could not be Joanie’s final resting place, she kept telling herself. She cursed. She wept aloud. Finally, she stopped. The truth was setting in. Fifty-seven years after Joanie had been born, here in this very building, her remains were dumped in the garbage. Upstairs, the room felt cursed.
Joanie had always protected the children, in life and in Essay death. Books. Even after the inheritance disappeared, her ashes had remained a steady guardian. But now Joanie was gone. In her absence, a devastating chain of events unfolded. Chanel paced the room that evening, desperate and Essay Democracy broke. Supreme was gone after another fight. She expected no help from for colored girls books Auburn. Still, she had gone to the trouble of filing a complaint, writing in hurried print, “I don’t know what to do my kid start school tomorrow and I have nothing.” The next day, Chanel left the children alone in the room, defying the meaning lovesong of j alfred prufrock, shelter’s rules, and hit the streets in for colored books search of cash. A man approached her on Myrtle Avenue asking where he could buy drugs.
He did not look like an undercover officer, so she steered him to the projects. She was arrested and later pleaded guilty to drug possession charges, though Chanel maintains she was innocent. When Chanel did not return that night, Dasani felt something in the air. There was a knock at You and Here? Analysis the door. Books. Dasani shushed the kids.
They pretended to You and What Here? Rhetorical, be asleep. Then the door opened as an Auburn supervisor and Homeless Services police told the girls, children to get dressed. The Administration for civil rights dbq, Children’s Services had known for months that Chanel was getting high on opiates, but had been trying to keep the for colored girls books, family together. After her arrest, a family judge ordered new drug tests for both parents, revealing that Supreme had also been smoking marijuana. With that, the agency went to court to norm sociology, have the children removed. In a hearing on Sept.
20, the for colored girls books, children’s lawyer objected, arguing that to divide them among foster homes “who knows where in the city” would “present a greater imminent risk to the children than remaining where they are.” The judge struck a compromise: Both parents needed to comply with a drug treatment program. The children were to remain with Supreme, but Chanel temporarily lost custody. She had suffered all kinds of losses, but nothing compared with this. Who was she if not a mother?
She had always tried to be there, rarely missing a school play or a parent-teacher conference. On Sunday afternoons she would braid hair until her fingers turned numb. At bedtime each night, she flipped through the nike international, family dictionary to teach her children a new “word of the girls, day.” Now, Chanel would be living with Sherry, only seeing the children on supervised visits. Civil Rights. She broke the news to the children on a park bench. “Take care of your siblings,” she instructed Dasani. Dasani was silent. Supreme ruled by fear.
If the books, children laughed too loud, he only had to yell “Shut up!” and they froze, a silent dread passing among them. He had an old-fashioned approach to child rearing: Break the rules and you get the belt. Chanel’s presence had tempered him. When she left, Supreme wrote two words on the wall in black marker: “King Me!” Under the agency’s supervision, both Chanel and nike Supreme made steady progress in for colored a treatment program that required taking daily doses of methadone, a synthetic drug meant to control addiction. Nearly a year later, on Aug. 2, 2012, the judge allowed Chanel to return to her family at Auburn under supervision from the nike, Administration for for colored girls books, Children’s Services. She came with a promise: They would save enough money to leave.
C hanel spreads the cash across her bed, all $2,800. The children stare in awe. #9632; “I don’t know why I feel so happy,” Avianna says. Chanel quickly stashes it, announcing no intention of civil, spending her long-awaited tax refund, which arrived Feb. 13. “Once you start to break them bills, that’s it, they’re gone,” Chanel says the for colored girls, next morning. Essay Athenian Democracy. She is walking through the projects, the for colored books, money bulging from dbq her pocket. She does not know where to put it, so she holds onto girls books it and, more than anything, the feeling of having it. She pushes Baby Lele’s creaky stroller toward Downtown Brooklyn, whose street names mockingly suggest riches.
Gold. Tillary. Bond. She takes an inventory of all the things she could but won’t buy: a new stroller, sneakers, a hair-braiding session for the girls. Chanel knows that unless she finds a way to save her money, and persuades Supreme not to norm sociology, spend his own tax refund, they will never leave Auburn. And yet, planning has never been their way. “To plan something is to plan to fail,” she says. “My plan is to do some goddamn laundry.” Tax season brings a sudden reprieve for a family that, with food stamps, has about girls $75 a day to spend. This amounts to $7.50 per Essay about Athenian person in for colored a city where three subway trips cost as much.
They survive because they live rent-free and have access to three meals a day. Chanel is reminded of this when she stops to look at listings in the window of a real estate office near her methadone clinic. You And Are You Here? Rhetorical Analysis. A one-bedroom in for colored Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, is going for $1,300 a month. She sees no option but to Who Are Are You Here? Rhetorical Essay, leave New York. In a show of commitment, Chanel gives $800 of girls, her tax refund to Grandma Sherry in exchange for a used Chevrolet minivan, which is sitting in the driveway with no permit. Now they must wait for meaning alfred prufrock, Supreme’s tax refund.
If only life imitated Monopoly, Supreme’s favorite board game, which he plays with the children on a mattress in their crowded room. “I like building up property and collecting rent,” he says. But becoming a real renter, he finds, is girls books, far more challenging than claiming Park Place on a cardboard square. Auburn no longer has a housing specialist on staff the last one died four years ago and was never replaced. Supreme has learned to navigate the web on his prepaid Android from Boost Mobile, but the phone is Essay about, often disconnected. Chanel feels like a fumbling fool on the shelter’s computers. And then there is the for colored girls books, problem of Baby Lele.
Investigators have repeatedly cited Auburn for providing no on-site child care, which hinders residents from civil dbq searching for jobs or housing. Chanel is reluctant to books, leave Lele with other mothers at Auburn, many of whom have their own Children’s Services cases. If anything were to happen, Chanel’s custody could be in jeopardy. Instead, Chanel begins leaving Lele under the watch of a friendly counselor at her methadone program, where children are not allowed. The counselor stands outside with Lele as Chanel darts in to swallow her orange liquid dose. When a clinic supervisor discovers the arrangement, Chanel is exposed. If she keeps leaving Lele with acquaintances on the street, Children’s Services might find out. So Chanel stops going, and the clinic alerts the civil dbq, agency that she has fallen out of girls, treatment. In March, the agency steps up its scrutiny, placing the international, family with a “prevention worker” who requires twice-weekly meetings. By now, Supreme has learned that his tax refund was seized by the government for child support owed to two other children he had before meeting Chanel.
Dasani knows before her mother says a word. They will not be leaving. D asani has learned to let disappointments pass in silence. Girls Books. Objecting does nothing to change the facts. #9632; But she reveals herself through the questions she asks. “Mommy, if these projects was your only choice, would you take it?” she asks Chanel one day in March as they are out walking. Chanel nods reluctantly. Dasani lets it go. What Doing Rhetorical Essay. She knows not to push. Spring has brought a new set of worries. For the wealthier children in Fort Greene, it is a season to show off new wardrobes.
For Dasani’s family, it is for colored books, a time of scrambling. Appearances are more easily kept when the same coat is all that people see. The project kids begin to Who Are You and What Are You Doing Here? Analysis, ridicule Dasani’s pink sweatsuit, calling it “pajamas.” On March 19, she agrees to for colored, fight a girl from school at norm sociology nearby Commodore Barry Park. Girls. A crowd gathers as they establish the rules: No one can film it or tell a parent. They pull back their hair and civil Dasani punches her rival as they tumble to the ground. A man walking his dog pulls them apart. That evening, Chanel inspects the cut on Dasani’s lip.
Chanel may fail in for colored girls books all kinds of You and Are You Here? Analysis, ways, but she holds Dasani’s esteem in one powerful regard: The woman can fight. Books. Dasani has grown up hearing her mother’s stories of international, street-battle glory, and watching her in the throes of countless slug matches with anyone who crosses her, including the owner of a local laundromat. Chanel dismisses Dasani’s tussles at school as “kitty-cat fighting.” Back in her day, girls cracked one another over the head with bottles. No one wasted time pulling back their hair. “You gotta keep your hood credit up,” she tells Dasani. “You take the biggest, baddest one down first and the rest of ’em will back up off of you. That’s just how it works.” The next day, Chanel and Dasani wander up their favorite block of Myrtle Avenue, passing the Red Lantern, a bike repair shop that sells vegan cookies. They stop at a juice store that serves a hybrid clientele Fort Greene’s organic-forward newcomers and its health-conscious old-timers. There, Chanel spots an old flame.
He wears a long leather jacket and dark shades. She wonders if he is still dealing. Dasani eyes him closely. “That was her name from back when she was in the hood,” she says, forever cataloging the girls, details of her mother’s past, even as Chanel tries to Athenian Democracy, part with it. “I’m good now, see?” Chanel crows, waving a hand over herself, as if motioning a transformation: clean, married, mother of eight. She nods proudly at her children.
It is Dasani’s belief that she and for colored her siblings are the cause of her mother’s ruin. It never occurs to her that, for nike, Chanel, the children represent her only accomplishment. The next day, Chanel escorts Dasani to school. In the hallway, she spots the girl Dasani fought in the park. “You can fight my kid,” she says hotly, taking the girl by for colored girls surprise. “I’m with that.” Minutes later, the principal, Paula Holmes, sits Dasani down. Essay Athenian. “I believe you can change, but you’re not showing me that,” she says. Dasani returns to for colored books, class feeling jaunty. The wrong message Chanel’s permission, rather than Miss Holmes’s prohibition has sunk in. “I’ma fight you,” she tells another girl. “My mother said she’ll let me fight.” With that, Dasani is suspended. Miss Holmes knows it is a risky move, but nothing else has worked.
The girl needs to be shocked out of her behavior. The alternative is to fail in school and beyond. “Get your things and leave,” Miss Holmes tells her. Dasani will be out of school for a whole week. She cannot speak.
To be suspended is to be truly homeless. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and meaning of the lovesong alfred prufrock other candid moments. C hildren are not the face of New York’s homeless. They rarely figure among the panhandlers and for colored books bag ladies, war vets and untreated schizophrenics who have long been stock characters in this city of contrasts. What Are You Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay. #9632; Their homelessness is hidden. Girls. They spend their days in civil school, their nights in for colored girls shelters. They are seen only in glimpses pulling overstuffed suitcases in the shadow of a tired parent, passing for tourists rather than residents without a home. Their numbers have risen above anything in the city’s modern history, to a staggering 22,091 this month.
If all of the city’s homeless children were to file into Madison Square Garden for a hockey game, more than 4,800 would not have a seat. Yet it is the adult population that drives debates on lovesong prufrock poverty and homelessness, with city officials and for colored others citing “personal responsibility” as the central culprit. Children are bystanders in international this discourse, no more to for colored books, blame for their homelessness than for Who Are What Are You, their existence. Dasani works to keep her homelessness hidden. She has spent years of her childhood in the punishing confines of the Auburn shelter in Brooklyn, where to girls, be homeless is to be powerless. She and norm sociology her seven siblings are at the mercy of forces beyond their control: parents who cannot provide, agencies that fall short, a metropolis rived by girls inequality and indifference. The experience has left Dasani internally adrift, for norm sociology, the losses of the homeless child only begin with the home itself.
She has had to part with privacy and space the kind of quiet that nurtures the for colored girls books, mind. She has lost the dignity that comes with living free of vermin and chronic illness. She has fallen behind in school, despite her crackling intelligence. She has lost the simplest things that for other children are givens: the freedom of riding a bicycle, the safety of a bathroom not shared with strangers, the ease of being in school without stigma. And from all of these losses has come the departure of faith itself.
God “is somewhere around,” she says. “We just can’t find him.” To trust is to be caught off guard. Dasani is unmoored by her recent suspension from the Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the of j prufrock, Arts. For months, this new school was her only haven. She had grown so attached to her principal, Paula Holmes, that she expected a measure of tolerance despite her outbursts, the books, kind of forgiveness she never gets at home. Her forced departure from school overlaps with spring break, plunging Dasani further into the morass of her family’s troubles. Her parents’ resolve to leave Auburn has vanished now that their savings plan fell apart, yet the shelter is Are You Analysis, pressing the family to leave while offering no assistance in finding a home.
Meanwhile, the books, Administration for Children’s Services has stepped up its scrutiny of Essay about Athenian Democracy, Dasani’s parents, who are increasingly despondent. As pressure mounts from all sides, Dasani braces herself. Books. She has seen this before the storm of familial problems that suddenly gathers force. “It’s a tsunami, just spinning around, nothing going right,” she says. “And I’m like, ‘Put my life back together!’ and nike international it doesn’t happen. Your life doesn’t go the way you want it to go.” O n April 3, Dasani climbs up the steps of McKinney wearing her best cardigan. Books. She lingers in nike the hallway, keeping an eye on Principal Holmes’s door. She is eager to try out the script her mother has drilled into her. #9632; How was your spring break, Miss Holmes?
(Pause, wait for Miss Holmes to ask the same question.) Oh, it was good. I’m staying out of for colored girls books, trouble! (Wait for Miss Holmes to laugh and then head for the door, showing new determination.) Gotta get to class! Instead, Dasani hangs back. Too many other students are ahead of her, vying for the principal’s attention. In class, she is quiet and focused. “It’s a new Dasani,” observes Officer Jamion Andrews, the security guard, his eyebrow dubiously cocked.
If she can avoid fights, Dasani tells herself, the rest will fall into place. It is the taunts that she cannot resist. Her body gets “hyped.” She loses control. And that is precisely the behavior that Roxanne, her counselor at school, is norm sociology, trying to for colored girls, disrupt. In those moments, Dasani must learn to breathe in for 10 seconds through her nose and civil rights dbq then breathe out for 10 seconds through her mouth.
Roxanne demonstrates. Dasani practices on her walk home from school. The two blocks of sidewalk between McKinney and the shelter can be a minefield. Books. This week, one of Dasani’s classmates, Sunita, begins to lovesong of j alfred prufrock, stalk her along the way. Sunita is a foot taller than Dasani and easily twice her 70 pounds. For Colored Girls Books. Their rivalry dates back three years to fourth grade, when Sunita, who lives in the projects, began teasing Dasani about living at standing up for Auburn, prompting Dasani, then 9, to throw her first punch. For days, rumors have been flying that the two will fight again. As school lets out on for colored girls April 9, Dasani steps onto the sidewalk and is surrounded by a sea of girls. “You gonna fight her?” one of them asks breathlessly. “No!” Dasani yells loud enough for Sunita to hear. “Miss Holmes says if I get in another fight I get suspended.” Dasani’s restraint only emboldens Sunita, who walks up and slaps Dasani hard across her left cheek.
The crowd is Who Are You and What Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Essay, hushed. Dasani tries to breathe. “You think that hurt? I eat those,” Dasani says, using one of her mother’s put-downs. The girl glares at girls books Dasani. Breathe in Essay about Democracy 10 seconds. Suddenly, out of nowhere, Dasani’s 10-year-old sister Avianna jumps between them. “You better back up off my sister’s face before I hurt you,” Avianna yells. The girls might as well be twins. They share the same pillow, the same dresser, the same absent, biological father.
It is usually Dasani who comes to Avianna’s rescue, carrying her up four flights of stairs to their room when her asthma strikes. But today, Avianna rises to the occasion, mouthing off fiercely at Sunita as the girls books, crowd disperses. Dasani is soon surrounded by all of her siblings, a familial force field. Their bond presents itself physically. When they walk, ride the bus, switch trains, climb steps, jump puddles, cross highways and nike international file into Auburn, they move as a single being. In all things, they are one.
The sheer size of the family draws the notice of strangers, who shoot looks of recrimination at the mother, Chanel. Yet she sees fortitude in this small army of siblings, something she and her husband, Supreme, never had growing up. “That’s why the street became our family,” she says. Girls. “I didn’t want the street to meaning of the lovesong of j alfred, become their family, too.” The children’s solidarity is girls, striking enough that social workers frequently make note of it. “Family close knit,” reads one social worker’s report in March. They live in dread of the nike international, Administration for Children’s Services. They survived their mother’s absence for a year and take Supreme’s periodic disappearances almost in stride, but they cannot imagine losing one another. They know the foster care system can split up siblings across the city’s boroughs. Dasani is haunted by the thought of losing her baby sister, Lele, who just turned 1 and sometimes calls her Mommy. All the children dote on Lele, but Dasani speaks her language, discerning hunger or a wet diaper in the baby’s cries. The 11-year-old girl responds with the instinct of a mother but not the training. She pours artificially sweetened grape juice into Lele’s bottle as if it were liquid gold.
What would happen to Lele in the hands of strangers? “Some people don’t know how to for colored girls books, take care of babies,” she says. The children have heard their father’s story how Supreme was torn from his siblings and years passed before he was reunited with them in the Marcy projects, in norm sociology Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. Supreme soon left home to join the crack trade. By then, another child of the girls books, Marcy projects had also escaped.
She chose an alternate path. “I was different, and meaning of the I don’t regret it,” Faith Hester says, standing before her class in early May. #9632; She is not one to dwell on the past. But today, a student prompts Miss Hester to girls books, talk about international her education. For Colored Girls Books. She was only 16 and living in the Marcy projects when she won a scholarship to SUNY Cortland. She packed a large orange suitcase. Her mother refused to take her to dbq, the train station. Girls married their way out of the girls books, projects. Going to What Doing Essay, college, the neighbors sneered, was trying to “be white.” So Miss Hester left alone that day, dragging her suitcase along Park Avenue. In college, she cleaned houses to help pay her way. For Colored Girls. Her mother did not speak to her for six months. “Sometimes you have to be alone,” she says, looking around the room.
“I don’t regret it for one second,” she says, slamming her hand down on a desk. “That was the up for oneself, path!” The class is motionless. “Do you understand what I’m saying?” Miss Hester continues, her voice trembling. “There are going to girls books, be some places in civil dbq your life where you feel bizarre. You feel outstanding. And remain that way. Books. Stay just as you are.” Dasani stares at her teacher, mesmerized. “It takes a lot of civil rights, courage to be different,” Miss Hester says. When Dasani looks into the future, she sees who she won’t be.
She won’t be a dropout. Girls Books. She won’t do drugs or smoke or drink. She won’t get married, unless she finds “a gentle man, not a harsh man.” She won’t have children unless she can support them. She won’t end up on the street. “Spare some change?” she says, mocking a panhandler. “Nuh-uh.
Not me.” It is harder for Dasani to imagine who she might become. She has been told she must reach for college if she wants a life of choices, but who will pay? Her mother is quick to standing up for, ask that question whenever Grandma Sherry tries to books, encourage Dasani with the norm sociology, shining example of a niece who graduated from Bates College in Maine on scholarship. Other children talk of becoming rap stars or athletes, escaping their world with one good break. Dasani subscribes to the logic of those fantasies. For Colored Books. Her life is defined by extremes. In order to transcend extreme poverty, it follows that she must become extremely rich or extremely something. What exactly she cannot see.
To dream is, after all, an up for oneself, act of for colored, faith. She believes in what she can see, and Miss Hester is real. Her lecture that day leaves Dasani feeling uplifted. As she walks home with a classmate later that afternoon, they talk about a coming history project on You and What Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Essay ancient Egypt. For Colored Girls Books. Dasani does not see Sunita coming. “I’m gonna fight you!” Sunita calls out from the rights, underpass, shedding her sweatshirt. Dasani pivots and for colored girls books starts walking against the traffic along Tillary Street. Nike. This time there are no siblings to come to her rescue. Get back on school property, she tells herself. She crosses over toward McKinney as Sunita charges up behind her. “Move before I punch you!” Dasani says.
But Sunita grabs Dasani’s shirt and for colored pulls as Dasani takes a roundhouse swing. They fall to the ground, biting and scratching. Suddenly, another big girl piles on, kicking Dasani in the face and laughing while Sunita holds her down. Somehow Dasani manages to throw Sunita off balance, scrambling on top and pummeling her face before they pull apart, bleeding and crying. “I’m saying it right in dbq front of your face,” Dasani yells, her chest heaving. “You wanna fight me some more ” “I will jump you in your face!” “I want you to!
I want you to!” Sunita’s brother orders her to retreat. “Take your ass in the house!” he yells. She turns obediently toward the girls, Whitman projects as Dasani runs into Auburn. Minutes later, Dasani emerges with Chanel, who heads to the projects ready to standing oneself, go. She will wait for Sunita’s mother all night if needed, and they can settle this themselves. But as Chanel presses for details, she learns that Dasani is hardly innocent: She had thrown Sunita’s book bag on the floor earlier that day and commented unfavorably on her “$2.99 sweater.” Chanel cools down and decides to handle the matter at school. The next morning, the two mothers and their daughters meet with Karen Best, an for colored books, assistant principal who cuts to the chase.
“Had Dasani been seriously injured, we wouldn’t be sitting here having this conversation,” Miss Best says. “And that’s what you need to understand: Children as young as you go to jail. O.K.? Real simple.” The mothers nod. The girls stare at the floor. “She could have had a concussion,” Miss Best says. About. “You want to do something? Prove how smart you are.” “There you go,” Chanel says approvingly. “Everyone knows the negativity,” Miss Best says, looking at both girls. “You got that down pat.
Show the brains.” B ack at girls books Auburn, nothing is going well. Meaning Of The Lovesong Of J Alfred. The city’s shelters are packed with families, whose average length of for colored girls books, stay 13.5 months is longer than ever. #9632; Dasani’s family is norm sociology, among the girls, outliers. Meaning. It will soon be three years since they landed at Auburn. While the Department of Homeless Services cannot limit a family’s time in the shelter system, the agency can resort to punitive measures when residents are found to for colored girls books, be uncooperative. On May 14, Supreme and Chanel are called to a meeting at Auburn with two agency officials and the family’s shelter caseworker.
“I’m asking you: What have you been doing to move out?” one of the of the of j alfred prufrock, officials asks Chanel and girls books Supreme in a recording they made of the Essay about Athenian Democracy, meeting. The official points at the family’s independent living plan with the agency. “You both signed it, O.K.?” the official says. “It says, ‘This shelter is temporary housing.’ You must look for girls books, permanent housing for yourselves.” Violating the plan enough times means a family can be given an “involuntary discharge,” barring them from returning to the city’s shelters for 30 days. During the meeting, Chanel and Supreme admit they have not searched for apartments. Are You Analysis. They say there is no point, since they cannot afford city rents without the kind of for colored girls books, subsidy that the department once offered. They complain that their room is miserable and ask if they can be transferred to a better shelter. “It’s really hard,” one of the officials says. “Listen, you are not the only family in shelter.” “Tens of thousands,” the official says. “Right, well, I have a different question,” Supreme says. Athenian. “Do y’all fall under the guidelines of the girls books, New York City Housing standards?” “Excuse me?” one of the officials says.
A few weeks earlier, the family had been walking the meaning of the lovesong of j prufrock, elegant streets south of girls books, Fort Greene Park, searching “white folks’ trash” for discarded books and clothes. A thin, black volume caught Supreme’s eye: “McKinney’s Consolidated Laws of New York Book 52 A.” He began leafing through hundreds of pages of Essay about Athenian, laws, noting the violations that his living arrangement presents: the lack of hygienic conditions, dividers for privacy and sufficient living space. “I think it’s inhumane,” Supreme mumbles. “I think one of you all need to try it. Your husband, eight children, all in for colored one room. No bathroom. I want to Who Are You and What Doing Analysis, see how you all manage that for girls books, three years.” He might as well be talking to himself. “With the You and Doing Essay, documentation we can move forward, O.K.?” one of the officials says.
Supreme seems not to hear her either. “You never got no peace of for colored, mind. You and nike international your husband can never have a moment because your children are always in your face. You’d go crazy!” The meeting is wrapping up. “Even now, they got the bathrooms closed, so where you gotta go? All the way to the next floor,” Supreme continues. “I got a child who is legally blind.
I gotta monitor her every time she go to the bathroom. It’s, like, bananas. For Colored Girls. It’s really bananas.” T he children’s birthdays come in a mad springtime rush: Lele’s in March, Avianna’s in April, the remaining six in the span of three and a half weeks. #9632; Expectations are calibrated based on Essay Athenian Democracy where a birthday falls in the monthly cash flow. Those at the start of the month bring hope, while those at the end of the for colored, month are luckless. Norm Sociology. So it goes for Avianna. Supreme hands her $11, one for for colored girls books, each year of her life, but the next day, he asks for Who Are Doing, $5 back. She waits for a cake. Books. Days pass.
Finally, the children give up and light two small candles. Like carolers, they hold them beneath Avianna’s face and sing. Avianna savors everything. While her siblings inhale their food, she will linger over each French fry. She spends her $6 slowly.
A week later, she takes her last dollar bill and folds it delicately, like a Japanese fan. She then places it inside a homemade card that Chanel opens on Mother’s Day. They pass that afternoon at the laundromat. There is norm sociology, only $190 left on Chanel’s debit card, the balance of a tax refund that was supposed to for colored, rescue them from the shelter. In times like these, Chanel sees fit to steal groceries.
She tells the children to wait for her at a store’s entrance. She hides the Are You Here? Rhetorical Essay, habit from them. Books. They hide their knowingness from her. Except for standing up for oneself, Papa, a gaptoothed 5-year-old buzzing with energy. “You stealin’!” he squeals one day as Chanel makes off with two prepackaged burgers from Target. “You crazy!” “Shut up, man!” Chanel says, before composing herself. “Look,” she tries more softly. “It’s not right to for colored books, steal. But God knows when it’s for a good reason.”
This year, birthday season has the misfortune of colliding with four of the children’s grade-school graduations. They need new outfits, and money for class photos and international parties. Chanel is books, accustomed to saying no when she has to, but she also recognizes the small luxuries that will separate her children from Essay about Athenian Democracy their peers. By the girls, time Dasani’s birthday arrives at the end of May, she knows better than to expect $1 for civil dbq, each of her 12 years. She has already pressed her mother too many times to pay for girls, a school trip to standing, Washington. Dasani has never been farther than Pennsylvania. She will hold out for that and let the birthday pass quietly. Chanel has no such intention. Dasani is her jewel. Over the weekend, the family retreats to the rowhouse in East New York belonging to Grandma Sherry. The mood is light.
The children skip about for colored as Supreme stands over the stove, tending to his honey-barbecue wings. The time has come to sing. Meaning Of J Alfred. Chanel gently lifts a vanilla sheet cake out of its plastic casing as Dasani stares in wonder. For Colored Girls Books. The top of the civil, cake is still blank, awaiting inscription. Her mother covers it with candles and dims the for colored girls, lights. Dasani closes her eyes. If I could grant you three wishes, what would they be? her school counselor once asked her. A house of our own, a lot of money and three more wishes, was Dasani’s answer.
She blows out the candles as the children clap. Chanel fetches a long, serrated knife. “Let me show you how to cut a cake,” she says, gingerly placing her hand over of the lovesong alfred prufrock, Dasani’s. Together, they move the knife through the buttercream frosting. “Doesn’t have to be perfect,” Chanel says. Dasani bestows a sugar-flowered slice on each of girls, her siblings, taking a plain piece for herself. They race to about Democracy, the basement, where their two uncles are blasting the Black Eyed Peas. Screaming in delight, Dasani and books her sisters leap onto a rickety, wooden platform and dance beneath a disco ball to “I Gotta Feeling” as Papa bounces around them. They barely register the oneself, hard-faced young men shuffling through the basement, exchanging elaborate handshakes, their heads hung low. Some play video games. Others mill about with girls in their teens wearing too much makeup and books too little clothing. One of these girls, a baby-faced Dominican who works at the supermarket across the street, hangs on Who Are You and What Rhetorical Uncle Josh, flashing braces when she smiles. To curry favor, she hands Dasani a $20 bill as a birthday present.
Like other things in for colored girls her life, Dasani could not have predicted such luck. She is still giddy, long after the girl has left in a huff, offended by Josh’s waning interest. It is now late and the other children have collapsed on a sagging beige couch. Dasani is of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock, dancing to Alicia Keys. She’s living in a world and it’s on fire. Filled with catastrophe. But she knows she can fly away.
Dasani reaches up, her arms bathed in girls blinking lights, as if saluting an imaginary audience. Oh, she got her head in the clouds. And she’s not backing down. This girl is on rights fire. Dasani has never had a better birthday.
It feels like perfection. It hardly matters that the cake was stolen from Pathmark. T hree days later, it is raining as the children spill down Sherry’s steps. They are hungry and for colored books short on sleep. Oneself. #9632; In theory, they are heading to the thing they most need psychotherapy. Chanel signed them up after learning that she can reap $10 per child in carfare through Medicaid, at a clinic in the Kensington section of Brooklyn. Chanel needs the cash. She is girls books, still hoping to find a way to send Dasani on her school trip to Washington, and the $75 deposit is nike, due tomorrow. So despite the for colored girls, pelting rain, Chanel instructs the children to nike international, meet her at a subway station.
Only Hada is wearing a raincoat. Books. Papa’s hoodie slips off as he tips back to catch raindrops on his tongue. The children cross Lincoln Avenue holding hands. Dasani is in a foul mood. There is no telling how her anger will reveal itself today.
Sometimes it comes as a quiet kind of rage. She will stare at an indefinite point, her eyes blinking, her mouth set. Other times, it bursts like thunder. Nijai trails behind, her glasses fogging over. Of The Lovesong Of J Alfred. She has always been the odd orchid in this bunch of for colored girls books, daisies, the most delicate and sensitive child, made more frail by her advancing blindness. She can make out only vague shapes and colors. Standing. Soon she will have to use a cane, but for now she often rests a hand on Lele’s stroller to guide her. Today, Lele and the stroller have been left at Sherry’s. “I said move it!” Dasani yells at Nijai. She starts shoving Nijai, harder and harder, knocking her sister into a metal fence. Then she punches her in for colored girls the arm. “You stupid!” Dasani screams. “You think you smart, but you stupid!
Now keep walking!” Nijai begins to sob as Khaliq yells, “Double up!” In pairs, they sprint across a six-lane highway and enter the Grant Avenue subway station, ducking under the turnstile to meet their mother. Athenian. After they board the A train, she hands them a bag of lukewarm Popeyes chicken, furnished by a stranger. By the time they get off at for colored books Jay Street, their stomachs are full and the mood is You and What Are You Here? Rhetorical Essay, lifted. Dasani spots an umbrella on the ground. It still works, opening to reveal an intricate pattern of white and black flecks.
She twirls it around and, when the 103 bus pulls up, carefully closes it. Dasani and Nijai race to the back of the bus, where the motor keeps the seats warm. They sit pressed together, newly reconciled. Dasani is soon asleep. For Colored Girls. The little ones watch, thumbs in mouth, as their mother closes her eyes. Norm Sociology. Every time the bus slows, she snaps awake. At Church Avenue, the girls, children and their mother pile off. The street looks familiar, but Chanel is standing up for, unsure.
“We got off at the wrong stop,” Dasani announces. Chanel fixes her gaze on Dasani. “Shut the fuck up,” she says. “You know, that’s one thing I don’t like about you your negativity. You always talkin’ about the problem. You got a solution?” Dasani carries a singular burden among her siblings. Chanel has vested enormous authority in Dasani. Her competence, agility and for colored girls strength the attributes that could rescue Dasani from her life’s miseries also threaten to of the of j alfred prufrock, keep her mired in the problems that her mother cannot meet alone. At times, Chanel seems taunted by her dependence on her daughter, which reminds her of her own failings. They walk single file toward Coney Island Avenue. Dasani tries to recover.
“It’s this way, Mommy,” she says, gesturing hopefully toward a florist shop. They take a few steps before Chanel turns on her heel, remembering the way. “If you want to go somewhere, don’t listen to for colored books, Dasani,” she says. Dasani freezes under her new umbrella. “I’m sick of your attitude,” she seethes. Norm Sociology. “There’s only for colored girls, like 15 kids going on this trip because people can’t pay. And me, who got nothing, is trying to send you and you gonna give me attitude?”
Dasani keeps walking. Chanel’s fury mounts. She reaches for the same words every time, the kind that echo for days in Dasani’s head. Dasani always gotta have the answer. She think she special.
She think she some-fucking-body. Dasani’s face remains frozen as the tears begin to fall, like rain on a statue. “I don’t give a shit if she’s crying,” Chanel says loudly as they approach a small green house, marked by international a gold-embossed sign that reads “Advanced Psychotherapy Behavioral Health Services.” “It’s only one goddamn chief,” Chanel says. “I’m the only chief.” Inside, the children file into their fourth “group therapy” session with a woman who asks vague questions like, “What are your hobbies?” She sounds more like a distant aunt than a counselor. Khaliq knows the books, difference. Lovesong Of J. Earlier in girls the year, a Children’s Services caseworker had sent him to a therapist after he acted erratically in school. That therapist had asked questions like, “Do you want to kill yourself?” Those sessions felt like they never ended; these lasted only 20 minutes roughly two and a half minutes per child. At the door, Chanel collects her $80 in carfare and the children head back into the rain. The cash instantly settles the family, leaving the civil dbq, children calm and Chanel introspective. By the time they reach the bus stop, Chanel’s gray T-shirt is soaked through.
She is thinking about Supreme, whom she could not rouse from bed this morning. “What gets me down is the responsibility,” she says. “They got shoes on for colored books but no socks. I come all this way, on the bus, in the rain, to get the meaning of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock, money so she can go on her trip.” She is shivering now. “Those are the books, things you are supposed to norm sociology, provide,” she scolds her absent husband. For Colored Books. “You are the man. You made this family, but you don’t provide.” Dasani watches her mother silently.
She wants to fix it. She can only feel empty. The day’s weight has passed from her sister to herself and now to their mother, who is weeping in the rain. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. Who Are What Are You Doing Here?. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and for colored girls books her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. Miss Hester Speaks to Dasani’s Class.
A mob of spectators presses in, trying to see the tiny girl. Rap stars circle. The cameras roll. The crowd chants her name. #9632; “Da-Sa-Neee!” #9632; Her heart is racing. She looks up at dbq the sky and extends her fingers, but cannot reach high enough to grasp the metal bar. A powerful man hoists her up by the waist. In an for colored girls books, instant, she is midair, pulling and twisting acrobatically as the audience gasps at the might of this 12-year-old girl. “She’s a giantess,” the man had announced to the audience. “She’s tomorrow’s success, I’m telling you right now.” Dasani blinks, looking out at the smiling faces. She cannot make sense of the serendipity that has brought her here to Harlem, on this sparkling July day, to make her debut as a member of an urban fitness group teamed up with Nike.
But there is You and Are You Here? Analysis, her beaming mother, Chanel; her father, Supreme; and all seven siblings. They are cheering and clapping as well. “I thought it was a dream make believe like this wasn’t happening,” she says. “You know, like in movies, people pinch themselves like this ain’t real.” It was only two months earlier that Dasani stood at the bus stop as her mother wept in for colored the rain. Summer was fast approaching, a season that, in this family, always brings change.
The markers of Dasani’s life her first months in the care of Grandma Joanie, the day her family moved into international their first real home, the loss of that home two years later, when they landed in books the Auburn shelter these all came in summertime. There was no telling what this summer might bring. Dasani could no sooner predict landing a spot on nike the Harlem team than she could foretell the abrupt changes that still lay ahead. Already, the girls, court-mandated supervision of the civil dbq, family by child protection workers had run its course. Chanel’s nine-month trial period was suddenly over, leaving her custody secure, just as new problems came along. School was winding down when the children learned that their only other refuge Grandma Sherry’s rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn had gone into foreclosure. Sherry could end up homeless as well, at a time when New York’s shelter population had surpassed a historic 50,000. As the days grew hotter, Dasani and her family remained stuck in the same miserable room at for colored books Auburn. And yet summer, no matter how stifling, also carried a certain promise, the kind that comes of chance encounters on international the street. I t is a muggy night in Harlem, but the children do not care.
They savor any chance to visit. #9632; This is the place where, a decade earlier, Chanel and Supreme fell in love. They have returned over girls books, the years, pulled by the Five Percent Nation, the movement spawned 50 years ago by civil rights a contemporary of books, Malcolm X who broke from the Nation of Islam. Tonight, people swarm into the Harriet Tubman Learning Center on West 127th Street for the organization’s annual gathering, pushing past security guards and Are You Doing Here? Analysis Essay a vendor with pins that declare, “I ♥ being God.” Supreme mills about in for colored the foyer, greeting old friends with tight hugs. Chanel trails him, her chin high, her daughters’ hair freshly braided. It is a rare moment of belonging in a year of rootlessness. As the sun sets, Dasani and her family step out for some air. A man brushes past them, walking along West 127th Street. His hooded sweatshirt is nike international, pulled low over for colored girls books, his face, which is dusted by a salt-and-pepper beard. He moves with the civil, purposeful air of girls books, a celebrity in hiding. “I seen your videos,” Chanel says, stopping him in his tracks. For years, Dasani’s family had been watching the of the of j alfred, DVDs of this former convict turned fitness guru who calls himself Giant.
His team, Bartendaz, combines pull-up acrobatics on city playgrounds with a militaristic message of girls, self-improvement, steering followers away from drugs and alcohol to “the bars of meaning lovesong of j alfred, health.” Giant looks Chanel up and down, noting the open beer she has sheathed in a brown paper bag. “Bud don’t make you wiser,” he observes, flashing a smile that reveals a perfect row of teeth. Chanel ignores the comment. She is already thinking through the possibilities presented by this accidental meeting. She steers Dasani to some empty pull-up bars at a nearby playground. “Show him what ya got!” she calls out. Giant, whose name is Hassan Yasin-Bradley, accepts the impromptu audition the way a famous film director takes the waiter’s latest screenplay. While Giant remains on the fringe of prime-time America, he has his share of acolytes in Harlem. Dasani springs to for colored, the bars and norm sociology begins to for colored girls books, knock out an impressive set of pull-ups, her shoulders popping with the muscles of an action figure.
Giant is nike, still chatting with Chanel when he looks over and pauses. Chanel senses that she may be on to something. She explains that Dasani has been doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park for for colored, years. You And What Doing Analysis Essay. She can also dance, do gymnastics, run track. All she lacks is training of any kind. Now it is Giant’s mind that races through the possibilities. The girl is for colored, uncommonly strong. She has a telegenic smile. She’s spunky. “She seems like just the kind of girl we could use on meaning of j prufrock our team,” he says, grinning at for colored books Dasani, who grins back.
Giant quickly explains how his team works: It has a limited partnership with Nike that will hopefully lead to bigger things. In the Who Are What Doing Essay, meantime, the team earns modest pay in exchange for for colored girls, holding training clinics, and performing at concerts and civil rights dbq other events. At the very least, he concludes, Dasani merits a proper tryout. “Meet me at the park next Saturday,” he says, leaving his number before disappearing. Dasani lies awake that night. It is the first time in for colored her life she can see a path to something else. What exactly, she is not sure. Civil. She has not even had her tryout. But for a girl who has spent her life tempering expectations, she cannot stop herself from dreaming just a little. “I’ma save all my money so we can get a house,” she tells her mother.
M oney is girls books, especially tight. This might explain why, in Dasani’s words, Mommy goes “loco” during an nike international, inspection of the family’s room at for colored girls Auburn. #9632; There is a knock at the door. Chanel lets in the inspector, who promptly demands that she surrender the family’s forbidden microwave oven. Chanel refuses. She cannot afford to norm sociology, buy a new one, nor can she fathom having to wait in line every night to reheat 10 dinner trays in one of the shelter’s two microwaves. The inspector leaves, and by the time two security officers with the Department of for colored books, Homeless Services arrive to norm sociology, confiscate the microwave, Chanel has hidden it in a friend’s room. As for the inspector, Chanel offers to “punch that bitch in the face.” Dasani believes that her mother’s biggest problem is her mouth. She reflects on this as her homeroom teacher, Faith Hester, delivers a lesson that week on books personal responsibility.
“I don’t ever wanna hear, ‘Well, my mother told me to do this,’ unless you know that that’s the right thing,” Miss Hester tells the class. The teacher has shimmied into an empty desk next to Dasani. “I am telling you, as sure as I’m sitting here,” Miss Hester says, her arm resting across Dasani’s desk, “you’re gonna be held responsible for You and Are You Analysis, the choices you make.” Hands shoot up in the air. Dasani recounts how her longtime rival, Sunita, began following her after school, and slapped her. “And so, my mom is a violent parent, so you can’t tell her anything about fights because then she gonna want to for colored, get a stick and norm sociology tell you to knock the chick out.”
Miss Hester arches her brows. “O.K.,” Miss Hester says. Books. “Now, let me ask you: Do you think that was the norm sociology, right thing to do?” The class erupts in chaos. “O.K., O.K.!” Miss Hester yells. “I’ma tell you what I would have told my kid.” They fall silent. “Not everybody has something to lose,” Miss Hester says. “You care about your life,” she continues. Girls. “There are people out there who are so hurt they don’t care about leaving here. They are looking for an opportunity to do something crazy and ridiculous.
They have nothing to live for.” Dasani ponders this. “I am telling you to listen to your internal barometer,” Miss Hester says. “Think about your next move before you make your next move.” Dasani is still in bed the Essay about Athenian Democracy, next morning when her mother rises from a fitful sleep and books heads to the corner store with her sister Avianna. All around, men are leaving the projects to report to early work shifts. Chanel stands in the cold, watching them. “Your father should be doing that,” she says. Just that week she had stopped a flag waver at a construction site. Standing. It seemed like a job that Chanel could perform beautifully.
The woman told her about an girls, organization that helps people with G.E.D.’s find work. For Chanel, words like “G.E.D.” end a conversation. It has been 20 years since she sat in a high school classroom. She can feel like a foreigner in her own country, unable to speak the language of bank accounts and loan applications. When filling out medical forms, she stops at the box requiring a work number, frozen by its blankness. “I want my kids to be able to come see me at standing up for my job, pick up my paycheck,” she says that afternoon, standing with Dasani outside Au Bon Pain, where the day’s pastries will soon sell at a discount. “Just be reliant on my money, you know what I’m sayin’?” Dasani stares at girls her mother anxiously.
“I’m tired of norm sociology, my kids seeing me dull,” Chanel says. “It’s my time to girls, shine.” “I don’t see you dull,” Dasani says quietly. “I see you shine.” D asani spends the week before her tryout for standing up for, Bartendaz in focused preparation, training on the fitness bars next to for colored books, the basketball court in Fort Greene Park in Brooklyn. At night, she replays the team’s DVDs over and over, studying the up for oneself, members closely. At school, she tells no one. This new dream is carried on practical terms. Girls. It is less about helping herself than about making her parents whole. In the meantime, Dasani worries about the norm sociology, most immediate challenge, which is to get to Harlem on for colored books time. Punctuality is a miracle in civil rights dbq her family.
On Saturday morning, there is no sign of for colored girls books, Dasani as the Bartendaz start to nike international, warm up at for colored girls the playground at norm sociology 144th Street and for colored girls books Lenox Avenue. Soon they are causing a commotion that slows the traffic. One after another, they fly onto the bars, whipping through moves that seem to defy gravity. Some of them wear black T-shirts with the logo of a man bending a bar, his brain lit by a bulb. “Salute that mind!” Giant calls out to his followers. There is Cinderblock, Honey Bee, Sky, Earth, Water, Blaq Ninja, Salubrious and Mel Matrix. Giant’s second in command is Dr. Good Body, a self-described athletic alchemist (“the library is my alma mater”) who transforms the “base metal” of a person’s character into “gold.” Giant orbits around his team, issuing commands in meaning lovesong alfred a lyrical code that is impenetrable to outsiders. He is especially fond of girls, abbreviations.
A favorite is “C.A.P.” Character, Attitude and Personality. His nickname, Giant, stands for Growing Is a Noble Thing. It is a bold name for a man who stands just 5-foot-7. Born Warren Hassan Bradley, he grew up in the Baruch projects on the Lower East Side, where in his teens he became known as a D.J. and street fighter skilled at international hiding razors in his mouth and spitting them out in combat. He started selling drugs, and was sent to prison in 1989 on two felony drug charges. Like Dasani’s father, Giant left prison transformed. He had earned a high school equivalency diploma and devoted himself to Islam. Girls. (He looks askance at nike international the teachings of the Five Percent.) He also found a way to capitalize on girls the pull-up bar routines that he taught himself in prison yards. Of The Of J. By the for colored, time he started Bartendaz in Who Are You and What Doing Here? Rhetorical Essay 2003, he was already drawing crowds to for colored girls, Harlem’s playgrounds. Dasani finally arrives, her mother and two siblings in tow, as the rights dbq, team’s practice winds down. Dressed in bright-pink shorts and matching flip-flops, she is a dwarf among titans. “What’s your name again?” Giant says.
“Like the water,” Chanel says. He turns to the group. The tryout begins with a set of pull-ups, demonstrated by Blaq Ninja and girls books Sky. Norm Sociology. Dasani coasts through the exercise. “Damn!” a team member says as the others whistle. Giant remains cool to for colored girls, the newcomer, telling Dasani “stay there, breathe” as she pedals her feet in the air while holding her head level with the Athenian, bar.
Her next test comes on the parallel bars, where she knocks out a set of dips in good form, and then pedals again as Giant counts aloud, shaking his head incredulously. Next, they hit the floor for push-ups. “Do some diamonds!” Chanel calls out. For Colored Girls Books. Dasani connects her hands in the shape of rights dbq, a diamond as she dives into a set of flawless push-ups. Then she goes for girls books, broke, clapping her hands behind her back, mid-push-up. About Athenian. Honey Bee captures the girls, image on the team’s iPad before Dasani comes crashing to the ground, promptly dusting herself off. “Look at Essay Democracy this!
Look at this!” Giant says, running over to show Dasani the iPad photo. “You tellin’ me I can’t sell this poster for $100?” A young boy sidles up. The team has drawn spectators who live as far away as Norway and Japan. This one is for colored girls, a local. “Excuse me,” he says to Dasani. International. “Can you do a pull-up again?” She nods gamely as he calls out to his friends: “Yo! Come here!
She about to do it!” “Wait till they see you in three weeks,” he says. The family is ecstatic. Supreme runs to the corner store for a dozen roses. He hands them to Chanel. “Dag, I love it here,” he says, looking at her tenderly. Books. “We should come back to Harlem.” C hanel soon finds reason to civil rights, be suspicious of Giant. He is charming, she thinks, but confusing on details like payment and a promised contract. Giant, too, can spot a hustler, and he seems wary of Chanel. #9632; On the day of the tryout, he treats her children to lunch at a local bodega, joined by Malcolm X’s grandson Malik, a friend of the team. Malik congratulates Dasani, handing her a bottle of peach-flavored Snapple.
She carries the for colored books, bottle with both hands, later writing “Malcolm X grandson” on the label before stashing it in her dresser at Auburn. The next day, when Dasani’s siblings tag along to civil rights dbq, practice again, Giant senses that Chanel expects him to for colored books, repeat the invitation. He skips the oneself, meal, but reassures Chanel that her daughter, like his other team members, will be compensated for events. The first one is for colored, a training clinic this Thursday. All Chanel needs to do is bring Dasani. The rest is Dasani’s job. “That’s why we got the word ‘responsibility,’” Giant tells Dasani in international front of for colored, Chanel. “Response” he holds up his right hand “Ability” then his left hand. “So respond to what? Your ability. Not your mom’s ability.”
On Thursday afternoon, Dasani asks if her mother has heard from norm sociology Giant. Chanel is tired after a long day and cannot imagine taking Dasani all the for colored girls books, way to norm sociology, Harlem. “He never called,” Chanel tells Dasani. Up in girls books Harlem, Giant had been calling repeatedly. He checks his phone, looking for a response.
He shakes his head. Dasani goes to sleep feeling crushed. She wakes at 5 a.m. for the long-awaited school trip to Who Are You and Here? Analysis, Washington. Still feeling glum, she boards the bus on an empty stomach, sitting alone with a thin blue blanket laid carefully across her legs. Books. Five hours later, as they approach the Capitol, Dasani presses her face to the window. It looks different here. People walk slower.
There is international, space everywhere trees, monuments, water. She can see off into for colored the distance, her view unobstructed by skyscrapers. She is paying special attention, trying to record what she sees so she can describe it later to her sister Nijai. Remember every single detail, Nijai had implored. It is not just that her blindness prevents her from seeing it herself. It is nike, that Washington represents Nijai’s roots, the city where she was born and last saw her mother alive. After a tour of the memorials, the bus stops near the White House. Dasani runs to the tall, wrought-iron gate and girls looks between the bars. On the sidewalk, a group of civil dbq, protesters wearing orange suits and black hoods are chanting foreign-sounding names.
Dasani has never heard of books, Guantánamo. But she knows what a jail uniform looks like from visiting her Uncle Carnell. These people, she concludes, are supposed to be prisoners, and of the lovesong of j alfred they want President Obama to close their jail. She shakes her head. “I don’t know why they protesting in front of Obama’s house like he gonna be in here,” she says. There is hardly a trace of the child who had once scoured Gracie Mansion for a glimpse of the mayor. A week has passed with no word from Giant. Dasani keeps doing her pull-ups. Girls. Tucked in standing up for the top drawer of her dresser is the empty Snapple bottle given to her by Malcolm X’s grandson. #9632; “It’s all right,” Dasani tells her mother. “I didn’t get attached.”
Detachment is for colored girls, as much a rite of Dasani’s summers as sunbaked afternoons in the park. She bids farewell to Miss Hester and the principal, Paula Holmes, bracing herself for a 10-week absence from the Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. Summers also bring more regular visits to Grandma Sherry’s, where the children can ride up and down Lincoln Avenue on rusted bikes. But this year, Sherry has bad news. The bank is coming for her house. In another month, a court marshal will see her out the door if she is not gone. Sherry has two bad choices: She can enter the shelter system or she can leave her children and grandchildren behind in New York and move in with her sister in Pittsburgh. If Sherry leaves, Chanel will have lost her only support, the woman who partly raised her. Chanel copes in a way that puzzles Sherry: She stops taking Sherry’s calls. Meaning Lovesong Of J Prufrock. It is girls, Chanel’s way of detaching, of leaving a relationship before it leaves her. Sherry finally decides to go to standing up for, Pittsburgh.
When she does get the children on the phone, she tells them that she is not sure when she is leaving, but that “the Lord will take care of you.” In the midst of for colored girls books, this, Dasani finds herself thinking about Bartendaz. A month after her tryout, she resolves to give it another chance: She will report to practice by civil dbq herself, as if nothing has changed. For Colored. But as she announces her departure one morning, Supreme stops her at the door. “Not before this place is straightened up,” he says. By the You and Doing Rhetorical, time Dasani finishes, practice is for colored girls books, over. The next morning, she gets up feeling defiant. She looks at Supreme, who is still asleep. How you gonna take my destiny away from me? she thinks. Dasani turns to Who Are You and Doing Rhetorical, her mother, and Chanel waves at for colored her to norm sociology, leave before he wakes. Accompanied by her siblings Khaliq and Avianna, she jumps the train to Harlem.
“Long time no see,” Giant says by way of a greeting. He gives Dasani a stern lecture: “If you know you’re not gonna be consistent, then I need to know so I can invest in for colored books someone else.” Dasani is confused. Her parents say that he never called. Standing. His version of events is quite the opposite, but he thinks it best to simply say that “there must have been a miscommunication.”
Dasani does not know what to believe, but she begins training with Giant every weekend, accompanied by her twin in for colored girls books all things, Avianna. They are in Harlem on up for oneself the day a moving truck pulls up to Sherry’s house. Alerted by phone, Chanel arrives moments before Sherry’s departure. “I’ma hide in the truck,” 8-year-old Maya says. Chanel walks through the house she has known since she was born. For Colored. She pauses at the bathroom’s worn wooden door, which reminds her of civil rights, her father. He is there at that door, some flicker of a memory. Those are the things one loses with a house, not the shelter itself but the irretrievable belonging it brings.
On the stoop, Sherry and Chanel hold each other for a long time. Dasani does not get to for colored girls, say goodbye. T he sadness of Sherry’s departure is eclipsed a week later when Dasani makes her big Bartendaz debut. Standing. Her routine is captured on video for the opening sequence of Giant’s forthcoming DVD, and Dasani receives her first earnings: $70. She is too excited to think twice when Supreme asks if he can borrow some of it. He buys pizza for girls, the children and civil keeps the rest. Dasani is distracted by the day’s other gifts the cheering crowd, the chance to pose with the rappers Jadakiss and Styles P. She is still floating two days later, when Giant summons her to books, a basketball clinic for boys. He wants her to “mentor” them. Civil Dbq. It seems like an odd request for a girl who was recently suspended from school. But that is Giant’s point: She needs to act like a mentor before she can feel like one.
She soon takes to the task, guiding boys several inches taller as they struggle into feeble pull-ups. Girls. When Dasani orders them to line up, one of the boys smirks, saying, “You not staff.” “Oh yes I am,” Dasani shoots back. She is bonding with her team most of all with Sky, a nursing student, and Earth, who just got her bachelor’s degree in psychology at Queens College. “I’ma take all of norm sociology, Sky’s moves,” Dasani says jauntily as she hits the low bars. They laugh and laugh, never ceasing to delight in their youngest member.
But when Chanel comes striding up, offering unsolicited tips, they go quiet. Later that afternoon, Dasani tells Giant about her loan to Supreme. Long after she leaves practice, he is still livid. Can this even work, he wonders. “You’re fixing a child to send back to broken parents.” S ummer’s end marks the third anniversary of girls books, Dasani’s arrival at Auburn, on Aug. Standing. 26, 2010. For Colored Girls. #9632; Three years a quarter of her life most of it spent in one room. She has gotten so used to standing up for, the smallness of it that she can scarcely recall how to for colored books, live with more space. To Dasani, sometimes it seems like only Who Are What Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay, tragedy brings change. The next morning, on Aug.
27, she wakes to a high-pitched scream. It is her neighbor in Room 445, a single mother named Aisha. Her 3-month-old daughter, Casshanae, has turned blue. “My baby’s not breathing!” she wails. A petite 27-year-old from for colored books Pennsylvania, Aisha had come to Auburn in rights dbq early May, seven months pregnant with Casshanae. She was born premature with respiratory distress syndrome and developed feeding problems, all of which was noted in the records that Auburn received. The infant’s problems were serious enough that a hospital social worker asked the Department of Homeless Services to transfer the baby, Aisha and her 1-year-old son to another shelter equipped to handle medical needs. The agency declined to do so, even after Aisha filed a complaint that a male resident had sexually assaulted her in her room at Auburn on June 18. Nor did the shelter’s staff members heed Aisha’s repeated complaints when they gave her a damaged metal crib for books, the infant, with a loosefitting sheet and a mattress permanently stuck in the lowest position. But now she is screaming, and everyone hears her.
A security guard calls 911. None of the meaning of the lovesong alfred prufrock, staff members try to resuscitate the baby, even though they are certified in CPR. Aisha fumbles to breathe air into her baby’s lungs as paramedics rush into the lobby. They race to girls books, Brooklyn Hospital Center, where a doctor pronounces Casshanae dead at 8:10 a.m. Later that morning, Aisha returns to the fourth floor to up for, pack her things. Her screams rattle the for colored girls books, shelter again. As she leaves, Dasani lingers by the door. She hears a security guard telling a superior that Aisha left the Essay Athenian, children alone the previous night.
The official asks the guard to file a report. Dasani shudders and books closes the door. That will never happen to Baby Lele, she tells herself. The next day, the Administration for Who Are You and What Are You Here? Analysis, Children’s Services takes custody of Aisha’s son pending the results of an investigation into the baby’s death. Soon after, Dasani sees inspectors walking through the shelter as new cribs are delivered to residents and crib-safety posters are slipped under doors. Aisha is summoned back to Auburn by investigators from the medical examiner’s office. For Colored Books. At their request, she re-enacts the morning of her baby’s death, when she says she found Casshanae lifeless in civil dbq the crib.
They take pictures of the crib, its sheet still crumpled. For Colored Girls. An autopsy was unable to determine the meaning lovesong of j alfred prufrock, cause of death. D asani tries not to for colored girls books, think about the rights dbq, dead baby. #9632; Her room is sweltering. The children want nothing more than to get out and cool off. They put on their bathing suits. They have gone swimming only once this summer. First, they stop into for colored girls Chanel’s methadone clinic in Red Hook, Brooklyn, a dim brick building sandwiched between a highway overpass and a garbage dump. Chanel waves at rights dbq Dasani to come inside.
She has been bragging to the staff about for colored girls books Giant, who continues to work with Dasani on the condition that she is of j alfred prufrock, paid in kind, not cash. For Colored Books. “No one can take a pair of sneakers,” he reasons. “He just stingy,” Chanel says. But she has gone along with it, proud as a stage mother. “So look out for Dasani, man,” Chanel tells a woman behind the desk. “She gonna be out soon.” “I believe I am already out,” Dasani says. Chanel leads her children three more blocks to Who Are What Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis, the same Depression-era building where she passed her summers as a child. They carry one thin towel to share. Dasani squints at the Olympic-size pool, a turquoise expanse that glistens in the sun. She dives in first. All is cool and silent. She comes up for air, releasing a rapturous cry.
The uncertainty of Dasani’s life is deepening. Supreme is now gone, having checked into a residential treatment program to try to get off methadone. Right before school starts in September, Chanel uproots Dasani from girls McKinney, reasoning that she will be less likely to fight in the company of Avianna and nike international Nijai at a neighboring school. Dasani is unsettled. Every afternoon, the three sisters turn up at McKinney like stray puppies, passing the time with Miss Holmes and Miss Hester. The principal offers to enroll all of them. Finally, on Sept. 25, Chanel relents. “Oh my gooney goo hoo,” Miss Hester squeals as Dasani, Avianna and Nijai skip up the hallway. For Colored. “I’ve been praying on this.” Back at Auburn, residents begin to notice small changes.
In the Essay Democracy, wake of Casshanae’s death, the shelter is providing a steadier supply of formula, diapers and for colored other items to mothers, and the cafeteria has a few more items on its menu. These fixes hardly address the systemic breakdown that state inspectors are uncovering. On Oct. 1, they inform the Department of Homeless Services of Doing, a devastating litany of books, violations. The fire safety system is virtually inoperable. The shelter has no certificate of occupancy. Its record-keeping is a mess. The registration cards of international, 25 of its security guards are expired or missing.
Black mold is books, spreading in the shelter’s bathrooms, many of which spew exhaust thick with dust and debris. During one visit, inspectors see an asthmatic 3-year-old child coughing and vomiting so much that 911 is called. With no air-conditioning, the rooms reach dangerously high temperatures. A month before she died, Casshanae was living in a room where temperatures reached 102 degrees. The state’s conclusion: No child with chronic breathing problems should be at the shelter, and Who Are What Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis no children under age 2 should live there at all “due to for colored books, the lack of norm sociology, amenities for girls, this young and vulnerable population.” In other words, Dasani’s family with a 1-year-old, two asthmatic children and another who is legally blind should never have been living at Auburn in the first place.
I n the early afternoon of Oct. Oneself. 17, Chanel is for colored girls books, summoned to the office of the shelter’s administrators. #9632; They have stunning news: The family can finally leave Auburn. A space has opened at another shelter an apartment with a kitchen. About Athenian. But they must go today. Books. They have a few hours to pack. Other families are also moving, and the Department of Homeless Services has arranged for vans. Chanel has longed for this moment.
But now that it is here, she feels wholly unprepared. Supreme is still in rehab. Civil. Her food stamps have been stolen. She has $9 in cash. How will she instantly produce three meals a day for eight children? She has no frying pans, dishes, utensils or toilet paper. She does not even have the address of books, this new shelter. “I don’t know what to norm sociology, do,” Chanel says.
She returns to Room 449 and for colored tells the children. Dasani is in shock. Chanel rushes them off to therapy. Whatever happens, she needs the cash. It is about, drizzling out, and Dasani’s head is spinning. All she can think about is books, her school. Nike International. Just after willing her way back to McKinney, she is girls books, poised to lose it again. It is up for, strange, this feeling of heading toward an address they don’t yet have, while having to girls, say goodbye in civil the span of a few hours to the place where they have lived for years.
After therapy, it is getting dark. The shelter’s lights blaze from within. Chanel orders the children to for colored girls, pack only the most essential things. Auburn has given them 20 clear plastic bags. That is the limit.
They will have to come back for Turtle. At 9:26 p.m., Chanel and her children board the last van just before it pulls away. An hour later, the van approaches their new residence. They are in Harlem. Of the 152 shelters where Dasani’s family could have landed, they have somehow wound up at a six-story brick building on West 145th Street. It is one block from the Bartendaz base. “I am right next to the park,” Dasani tells Giant on the phone, enunciating each word. “I’m here! I’m in nike Harlem!” Chanel grabs the phone, eager to hear his reaction. “You see?” Giant tells Chanel. “The Lord sent you right here next to me.”
The children wait on the front steps as Chanel fills out girls paperwork in the office. It feels different here. The block is awash in streetlights and teeming with pedestrians. About. There are fewer trees. Girls Books. But in other ways, Harlem is meaning alfred prufrock, like Fort Greene. Nearby is a new bistro called Mountain Bird that offers a foie gras soup and a shrimp-bisque mac and cheese. One by one, the children peek in on their mother, anxious for updates. They will be living on books the third floor, Avianna announces. Civil. She locates the for colored girls, silver button on the intercom, gently running her finger over You and Doing Rhetorical, it. Finally, Chanel appears with the keys. They climb three flights and step inside.
It is for colored, a real apartment, with clean, beige walls and hardwood floors. There are two bedrooms, a full bathroom and a kitchen joined to a living room. Metal blinds hang from the windows, and clean sheets are folded on norm sociology the bunk beds. Fresh, home-cooked meals again, Dasani thinks to herself as the children race about maniacally. Hada opens a closet to find a diaper on the floor. Chanel smells it, declares it clean and stashes it for Lele. She inspects the mattresses, which are in girls good condition.
She opens the refrigerator, looks at What Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis the stove and sink, and then turns toward the living room. She clasps her hands in front of her face, as if in prayer. “Oh, man, I’m happy!” she says, her eyes shining. “I thank God for this. Thank you.” C hanel cannot sleep that first night. #9632; She keeps checking the locks as her children lie deep in girls slumber. The five older girls share two bunk beds alongside Lele’s crib. About Athenian. The boys sleep in the living room.
Chanel reserves one bedroom for herself and Supreme. It will be their first privacy in years, whenever he comes back. Chanel is feeling more panicked than celebratory. “I got to make sure I provide,” she says. The move has plunged Chanel into the ice-cold waters of independence.
She now has $39, counting the girls, money gleaned from therapy. Norm Sociology. It will be more than two weeks before her next food-stamp allotment arrives. When the children wake, Chanel drags a rolling cart onto the subway and returns to Auburn to retrieve more of their belongings. Thankfully, the room has still not been cleared. For Colored Books. Chanel leaves with Turtle hidden in nike international an empty baby-wipes container. By the next morning, Supreme has left rehab and rejoined the family. Now they are almost broke. Chanel can think of only one solution. For Colored. She heads downtown to Macy’s, where she tries to steal a stack of men’s Polo briefs and undershirts, planning to sell them on the street for quick cash. A security guard intervenes, leading Chanel to the store’s private jail, along with Nijai, Avianna and Baby Lele, who toddles about the small, enclosed cell saying, “Out, out.” After Supreme collects the children, Chanel is arrested by lovesong the police and spends the books, night in alfred jail. When she comes home, Supreme declares that the stealing is over.
If they have to, they can beg. “Better to ask than take,” he says. It doesn’t quite feel like “begging” to Dasani, the way she has seen it in the movies, with peasants holding out for colored hands for coins. It is a little more dignified, how Supreme stands outside the local Pathmark, his children silently lined up next to him. As shoppers enter the store, he asks them to Essay about Athenian Democracy, buy a few extra groceries “so I can feed my babies.” Dasani runs in with a woman who pays for Froot Loops and Corn Flakes. And so it goes, until a particularly generous man tells them to just “get what you need,” and they fill up the girls, cart. Back in the apartment, the family’s spirits begin to standing oneself, lift.
It is easy to forget they are still homeless as Supreme hovers at the stove, making corn bread from for colored books scratch, popcorn shrimp, honey-barbecue wings and Athenian glazed turkey bacon. For Colored. He has joined a new methadone program in Harlem. “They happier now,” Dasani says of her parents, who are fighting less now that they have more space. M iss Holmes is worried. #9632; Dasani and her sisters have been absent for days. Of The Lovesong Of J Prufrock. Under federal legislation, homeless children are granted the right to for colored girls books, stay in one school even as their families move around. But in practice, there are no guarantees. Even if the girls were old enough to ride the What Are You Here? Analysis Essay, subway alone, the trek from girls Dasani’s new shelter to civil dbq, McKinney takes at least an girls, hour. When Chanel requests a bus pickup, only Nijai is approved because of norm sociology, her blindness.
Chanel has already found new schools for four of her other children. She thinks it best that Dasani and her sisters switch to a Harlem school. If this happens, Dasani will be starting her third school in six weeks. Her sisters also plead. They are learning to play an for colored, instrument at McKinney. If they make enough progress, Avianna can keep her trombone, and Nijai, her clarinet.
She shows her mother the march she is learning for meaning prufrock, the school band, holding her invisible clarinet aloft as she stomps her feet. Chanel is persuaded when she hears that Miss Holmes and Joshua Goldfein, a lawyer for Legal Aid, are pressing the Education Department to approve a bus for for colored girls books, all three sisters. In the meantime, Chanel decides that she will take the oneself, girls herself. Early on for colored girls books Nov. 4, they board the No. 2 train, hurtling back to Brooklyn. In Fort Greene, the children walk along North Portland Avenue, passing Auburn and the projects, where they used to be called “shelter boogies.” See?
Dasani thinks to herself. I’m gone and you are still in the projects. Minutes later, they enter the warm corridors of McKinney. “Hi, Miss Holmes,” Chanel squeaks to standing, the woman who always makes her feel like a schoolgirl again, back in for colored books the principal’s office. Dasani flies into Miss Holmes’s arms.
She feels safe again, “like I was made to be there.” The principal is shocked to see them. Civil Dbq. She did not think it would happen without the bus. As the girls are handed new backpacks and for colored sent to class, Miss Holmes makes Chanel an offer: She can volunteer at nike the school during the day, whenever she needs shelter. She can even bring Baby Lele. “We always need plenty of help,” Miss Holmes says. “That will work out nice,” Chanel says. “But you can’t make a whole lot of noise,” Miss Holmes warns, back in the posture of principal. At the end of the day, the girls gather in Miss Holmes’s office to wait for their mother.
“You have come home,” Miss Holmes says. “Everybody here is fighting to get you girls back here. There are certain things you have to do. Homework.” Soon, Chanel has arrived and is chiming in with the principal. No more bad behavior, she tells her daughters.
“We not gonna have that, you understand?” Chanel says. “Because soon I’m about to be volunteering here.” The girls are silent. “So it’s gonna be a totally different song this year,” Chanel says. As they leave, Dasani turns and races back into Miss Holmes’s office. For Colored. She leans in for dbq, another hug before darting out. “Goodbye, Dasani,” Miss Holmes calls after her. For Colored. “And do your homework.” “Yes!” Dasani shouts over her shoulder. The child skips down the civil rights, hallway toward her mother and sisters. The front door swings open, bringing a rush of air. Together, they step out into books the cold. The Times used small video cameras as an nike, additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments.
Andrea Elliott, an investigative reporter with The New York Times, began following Dasani and her family in September 2012. The series is written in the present tense, based on real-time reporting by Ms. Elliott and Ruth Fremson, a photographer with The Times, both of whom used audio and girls video tools. Throughout the You and Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Essay, year, Dasani’s family also documented their lives in video dispatches from the Auburn Family Residence, which does not allow visitors beyond the lobby. Ms. Elliott and girls Ms. Fremson gained access to Who Are Are You Doing Rhetorical Analysis, the shelter to record conditions there. The reporting also drew from court documents, city and for colored books state inspection reports, police records, the family’s case files at city agencies and dozens of interviews with shelter residents. Most scenes were reported firsthand; others were reconstructed based on interviews and video and of the lovesong of j alfred audio recordings. The Times is withholding the last names of Dasani and her siblings to protect their identities. The nicknames of some of for colored girls, Dasani’s siblings are used in Who Are You and What Are You Doing Here? place of their birth names.
By Andrea Elliott. Photographs by Ruth Fremson. Design, graphics and production by Troy Griggs, Jon Huang, Meghan Louttit, Jacky Myint, John Niedermeyer, David Nolen, Graham Roberts, Mark Suppes, Archie Tse, Tim Wallace and Josh Williams. Reporting was contributed by Rebecca R. For Colored Girls. Ruiz, Joseph Goldstein and Ruth Fremson, and meaning lovesong alfred prufrock research by Ms. Books. Ruiz, Joseph Burgess, Alain Delaquérière and Ramsey Merritt .
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PPM (project and portfolio management) PPM (project and portfolio management) is a formal approach that an organization can use to orchestrate, prioritize and for colored girls, benefit from Essay Athenian Democracy, projects. This approach examines the risk-reward of each project, the available funds, the likelihood of a project's duration, and the expected outcomes. A group of decision makers within an organization, led by a Project Management Office director, evaluates the girls returns, benefits and Who Are Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical, prioritization of for colored girls books each project to determine the best way to invest the organization’s capital and human resources. This complimentary document comprehensively details the elements of civil rights a strategic IT plan that are common across the for colored board – from identifying technology gaps and risks to allocating IT resources and capabilities. Essay About Athenian Democracy. The SearchCIO.com team has compiled its most effective, most objective, most valued feedback into this single document that’s guaranteed to help you better select, manage, and track IT projects for superior service delivery.
These relationships can affect the ranking, prioritization, funding and selection of norm sociology projects within the portfolio. Finally, the PPM group will monitor projects that are motion. Poorly performing projects may affect other projects within the portfolio, so a consistent monitoring of portfolio projects is needed. Project Selection Methods. PPM can rely on a project steering committee to help determine where to best to utilize the girls organization’s funds in project for a return on investment (ROI). Project selection often relies of the rights time value of money as an input to the project selection process. Time value of money uses a formula to determine either the present value or future value of a project based on girls books some given assumptions. Here are the three most common time value of money formulas: Future Value=Present Value (1+i) n where i represents the interest rate and norm sociology, n represents the number of time periods for the project. For example a project requires $525,000 as its budget and will last for two years. If the books interest rating were six percent the formula would read FV=$525,000(1.06) 2 and would be solved as: FV=$525,000(1.124) which equals $589,890.
This means that $525,000 today will be worth $589,890 two years from now at six percent interest. If the project will be less than this future amount of money then it is not a good investment for the organization. Present Value=Future Value/(1+i) n where i represents the interest rate and n represents the number of What Doing Here? Essay time periods for the project. This formulas determines what the assumed future value of the project is worth today. For example, a project that is believed to be worth $4,500,000 upon completion in for colored books four years at six percent interest would be written in Who Are You and What Are You Here? Rhetorical the formula as: Present Value = $4,500,000/(1+.06)4 and would be solved as: Present Value =$4,500,000/(1.262) which equals $3,564,421.48. Girls. This means that if the project needs more than $3,564,421.48 to Are You Rhetorical Essay, complete it is not a good investment for the organization.
Net Present Value. This benefits measurement technique is used for projects that will have benefits and value each years the project is in existence. Consider a world-wide organization that will be updating its plant equipment across the globe for new efficiencies. The upgrade of the equipment won’t happen in all of its production sites at one time, but will be spread over girls books, five years. As soon as the first plant receives the new equipment there are benefits from the project for that plant. As more and more facilities receive the new equipment the benefits will accumulate for the organization. Net Present Value finds the Present Value for about each year of the project and considers the cash outlay needed to complete the for colored project and norm sociology, predicts the actual worth of the project. These project selection methods are all financial-based decisions and do not consider the need of the solution, regulations, efficiency and productivity measurements. PPM will consider the financial requirements of the project and the other needs for each project. For Colored Girls. While the financial concern is just one aspect of selecting a project to be included in norm sociology the organization’s portfolio is it a major concern because PPM manages the given budget for girls books all project endeavors. Organizational Maturity Models.
A maturity model describes how well an organization can select, manage, and complete the international projects within its portfolio. The more mature a company becomes then the selection and completion of successful projects becomes more and exact. For Colored Books. Organizations that have shallow experience with selecting, prioritizing, and monitoring projects within the portfolio are more apt to have inconsistent results within their portfolio. Over time the process matures through refinement, experience, and education. There are five levels of PPM and civil, the associated maturity model (each higher layer includes the attributes of the lower layer):
Level One: Reactive. This level has no formal project management tools, projects have cost estimates, and management directives are based on the most-needed projects first. Younger organizations or organizations with a more entrepreneurial bent are likely to be at this level of books PPM. Level Two: Emerging Discipline. An organization at this level at least a PMO (Project Management Office), ensures that all project directly support an organizational strategy, there is a prioritization to the initialized projects, and the project managers are following a defined set of civil rights dbq project management processes across all projects in the portfolio.
Level Three: Initial Integration. For Colored Girls Books. The organization uses programs (collections of projects) within its PPM, has clearly defined project manager and program manager roles, functional departments collaborate across the organizational structure, and a PPM manager, project officer, and/or project steering committee exists. Layer Four: Effective Integration. The organization leverages different knowledge sets from across the organization, benefits from each project is monitored, tracked, and meaning lovesong of j alfred prufrock, forecasted, and the project portfolio is modeling for for colored girls risk, reward, and return on norm sociology investment for the collection of projects. Layer Five: Effective Innovation. At the highest level of the PPM maturity all project changes and communications flow through an Enterprise PMO, the PPM projects are quickly rolled out (as compared to lower levels of the model), and project managers are given a steady stream of smaller projects for faster, more probable, success rates.
In addition to each layer of the maturity models leadership is to examine the for colored girls probability of success for each project, perform lessons learned, and make adaptations to improve the flow of the projects throughout the standing enterprise. Managing Risks within PPM. Risk is an for colored books, uncertain event that can have a negative or a positive outcome. In PPM, risk management must considered, as each project could be successful or could fail. The risk-reward ratio describes the probability and impact for norm sociology each investment of the PPM. Some projects may have a low probability of failing, but also a low impact or return for girls books the investment. Other projects may carry more unknown factors that carry a heavier probability of failure, but if they are successful could bring about a significant reward for the company’s investment. PPM typically distribute their risk by investing in some projects that carry more risk and projects that carry lower risks of failure. The risk-reward is meaning of the of j alfred prufrock, examined for each project and for the collection of projects in the portfolio.
There are two tools that are commonly used to for colored girls books, predict, analyze, and balance risk within PPMs: Monte Carlo Simulation: named after games of chance in Monte Carlo, this approach uses computer software to show every possible outcomes of combination of factors. Essay About Athenian Democracy. By simulating different factors the software can show extreme outcomes, both positive and negative, and for colored books, more-likely outcomes for the project decisions. Monte Carlo Simulations are finding the probability distribution for a set of possible scenarios and different combinations of likely outcomes. Decision Tree Analysis: when selecting multiple project to invest in a PPM can use a decision tree approach to find the probability and success of each project. This analysis studies the likelihood of success for each project and determines the meaning of the alfred value of the project success and the value of the project failure (failure is a negative amount). These probability values allow the PPM to then determine the expected value of each project to girls, make the best financial investment based on the risk of investing in each project. Risk analysis within PPM examines the risk of doing, or not doing, the project. This is where a quantitative value of actually doing the project must outweigh the standing oneself capital needed to for colored books, do the project. A study into the value of the project examines both the anticipated efficiency and the productivity the project may bring the organization. A common risk, especially in IT, is the assumption that a new software or hardware solution will make the organization more efficient and international, therefore will make the organization more productive.
Just because an organization can be more efficient does not mean there is more productivity – or even a demand to be more productive. Risk identification is an ongoing process to girls books, try to capture all of the possible risk events that could affect the projects. Each risk then is quickly analyzed for probability and impact through qualitative risk analysis. Qualitative risk analysis quickly examines the risk event to justify further analysis on nike the risk. If the risk qualifies it then moves onto the more in-depth study called quantitative analysis. Quantitative risk analysis aims to quantify the true probability of success or failure and its financial impact if the risk comes into fruition. Continue Reading About PPM (project and portfolio management) Find more PRO+ content and other member only offers, here. By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. For Colored Girls. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States.
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9 11 5 Paragraph Essay Essays and Research Papers. 11 /16/ 11 30 Simple 5 Paragraph Essay Prompts: Essay Writing Prompts for . Practicing College Writing | Suite10… 30 Simple 5 Paragraph Essay Prompts Essay Writing Prompts for Practicing College Writing Ads by Google 0 IELTS Writing Writing Story Free Writing Writing Paper Like Oct 5 , 2009 Kristina Bjoran 5 Paragraph Essays are Easy with Practice - Clipart.com, by Subscription The first and second semesters of college demand a lot of writing from new students. Here are essay writing prompts for. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 969 Words | 4 Pages. statementBody ( paragraphs 2, 3, etc.)A. Develops, expands, and/or supports the thesis statementB. Includes a topic sentence for each . paragraphC.
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Democratic Party , Federal government of the United States , U.S. state 1316 Words | 2 Pages. The events surrounding the September 11 attacks on the United States of America have often been shrouded in for colored girls books, a cloud of controversy and up for, mystery, . with no one individual seemingly able to apprehend the “true” details of the terror attack. Many proposed theories have been brought forth, the most widely accepted being that of for colored girls co-ordinated attacks by Who Are You and What Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis terrorist organisation “Al-Qaeda”. “ 9 / 11 ”, as the event is commonly known, is simply one of many global terrorism attacks that have seemingly consumed the. Al-Qaeda , Federal Bureau of Investigation , Osama bin Laden 1602 Words | 5 Pages. World Trade Center Attack September 11 , 2001 was not just any ordinary day for books, the citizens of the United States and meaning lovesong alfred, the city of New York, . but a devastating attack that has put us all in shock and for colored girls books, fear. Meaning Lovesong Alfred Prufrock? As all of books you know, the Tuesday that this country was ambushed and attacked destructively by rights terrorists, was one of the girls, saddest days America has ever seen.
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Cambridge , Essay , Latin 401 Words | 3 Pages. ?Zach Betten The Impact of civil rights dbq 9 - 11 On September 11 , 2001 America woke up expecting a normal day. What America did not . expect was that this day was going to change history forever. On that day Islamic extremist high-jacked four U.S. airplanes with the intent of for colored girls crashing them into the twin towers, the Pentagon and the White House. Two of the standing oneself, planes did indeed crash into the twin towers in New York City and for colored girls books, another was used to hit the pentagon. The passengers on the last plane however, fought back, and. Al-Qaeda , Democratic Party , Federal Bureau of You and Are You Investigation 1360 Words | 5 Pages. Bankers Adda How to girls, write Essay in SBI PO Exam?
Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to civil rights dbq, write Essay ? and few points to for colored girls, remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to Who Are Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay, write an essay ? 1. Girls? Analyze the prompt. Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. for college level courses. The course integrates reading, writing, speaking, listening comprehension, and grammar as well as the writing process, . organization, grammar and mechanics, and sentence structure. Students will produce three essays and several paragraphs . The content of the course focuses on American culture and issues facing new immigrants. The course is oneself, designed for Limited English Proficient students at Cincinnati State who are enrolled in a pre-tech or degree program. In addition.
Comprehension , English grammar , Essay 660 Words | 5 Pages. Study Guide Quiz Overview: 15 multiple choice/true or false questions. Only one right answer per for colored books, question Time limit = 30 minutes Only one opportunity to . Dbq? take the quiz In order to books, best prepare for the quiz it would be a good idea to review chapters 1- 5 in Essay Athenian Democracy, the E-book as well as complete this study guide. 1. What is the difference between credible and non-credible sources? Provide an girls books, example or two of each kind. The difference between credible and non credible sources is credible sources are believable.
Citation , Grammatical person , Hard return 666 Words | 3 Pages. Five Paragraph Essay Outline Teachers can use these steps to teach students how to write a great five paragraph . Nike? essay by using outlines and books, properly organizing thoughts, topics, and details. These directions are written for students to follow when choosing a topic, creating a basic outline, and writing the You and What Doing Here?, essay . Read more: http://www.brighthub.com/education/k-12/articles/2999.aspx#ixzz0lQaL6vBg Step 1 - Choose a Good Topic When writing an for colored books, essay , it is important to choose a topic that. American way , Argument , Creative writing 1841 Words | 6 Pages. Western world have been constantly fighting against prejudice. After September 11 , media interest in civil rights dbq, Islam increased, where Islam was usually . portrayed in a negative way. Girls Books? Before 9 / 11 , many Muslims lived the normal, everyday life.
However, the attack has changed lives of many people that belonged to the Muslim community, where they were the victims of norm sociology guilt. Unfortunately, many Americans were introduced to Islam, after the 9 / 11 attack, thus even till today, Islam is associated with terrorism. For the past. Al-Qaeda , Islam , Islamic terrorism 2712 Words | 7 Pages. Stand Although people say, “every picture tells a story,” a picture cannot exemplify every detail about the books, event involved in Who Are You and What Here? Rhetorical, that event. The attack on . September, 11 2001 was a turning point in American history. Girls? There are many visual representations and written testimonies that lead us to civil, have different feelings about the for colored books, attack on September 11 , 2001; more specifically, the reason behind these different emotions is because there is a vast difference in a testimony of the meaning of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock, event, and simply a photo of the. American Airlines Flight 11 , American Airlines Flight 77 , Boeing 767 1237 Words | 3 Pages. with the necessary skills to for colored, think, write, read, listen and speak critically as well as meaningfully for academic purposes. Learning Outcomes: At the nike international, . end of the course, students will be able to: 1. write a discursive and argumentative essay . 2. Books? edit for Who Are You and What Are You Doing Here? Essay, various sentence-skill errors. 3. write a term paper with proper APA style documentation and give an oral presentation on the same topic. 4. comprehend academic readings.
Textbook: Smith-Palinkas. Dangling modifier , English language , Essay 409 Words | 6 Pages. Romeo and Juliet 5 Paragraph Essay. For Colored? except Romeo and Juliet. Many people still believe that Romeo is still falling for Rosaline. In fact, at rights, one point Mercutio exclaimed, “Why that same pale . hearted wench, that Rosaline torments him, so that he will sure run mad” (Romeo and girls books, Juliet 2.4.4- 5 ). Even until after their marriage, both Romeo and Juliet are pretty secretive about the love or the marriage, except for Juliet expressing her feeling to the nurse. Juliet only told the nurse because she loves the nurse and trusted her as well, and Who Are What Are You Rhetorical, needed. Characters in girls books, Romeo and Juliet , Juliet Capulet , Mercutio 1091 Words | 3 Pages. someone's mother, father, brother, sister, grandparent and the list could go on civil rights, forever. There was indeed a lot of pain that people were going to for colored, have to . deal with for a while.
It's not easy being a survivor, said one of the firefighters apart of 9 / 11 . They did not understand why they were still alive and so many of their felloe firefighters and other who were dieing around them. They were seen as heroes to the world, but to themselves they did not feel like one, knowing how many people were suffering. Civil Dbq? September 11 attacks , The Streets 946 Words | 3 Pages. Hankins Professor Kelly Murphy College Composition II 26 February 2012 Rhetorical Essay of George W. Bush’s Speech, . 9 / 11 Address to the Nation I read and watched George W. Bush’s “ 9 / 11 Address to the Nation” and found the girls, speech to civil, be ineffective. For Colored Girls Books? The President’s speech started off and ended efficiently with it’s appeal to pathos, however, it’s lack in logos overshadowed this and rights dbq, made the speech unsuccessful. This essay will examine the President’s use of books rhetorical appeals and how they made his speech. Bill Clinton , Democratic Party , George H. W. Bush 1020 Words | 3 Pages. Nike? ?Sarah Lily Tulloch December 3, 2014 The National September 11 Memorial and Museum Reflection The National September 11 . Memorial and Museum located on Greenwich Street, lower Manhattan, displays and for colored, remembers the many lives lost as well as the events on September 11 , 2001. This field based learning trip to the 9 / 11 Memorial and Museum was especially interesting since this historic event happened during my existence. On September 11 , 2001, I was five years and in norm sociology, St.
Andrew, Jamaica, therefore. 2001 , American Airlines Flight 11 , New York City 923 Words | 4 Pages. Commenting on Essay /Article Plan and Questionnaire |I. Subject Matter. |1. What is the . overall topic/theme of the essay /article? | | | |2. What is the main contention/point/idea? | | |II. Type of Writing. |3. Is it scholarly or publicistic writing? . Critical thinking , Debut albums , Logic 388 Words | 3 Pages.
Five- Paragraph Essay Project: Thesis, Supporting Points, Outline To do well on a project you should be prepared to spend time . over several days to do your best work. Girls? You should plan to apply yourself to your project, take a break from it, and norm sociology, come back several times to polish and refine your work. Your goal for this project is to complete some exercises about a prompt for a five- paragraph essay . The essay will. Essay , Five paragraph essay , Rhetoric 1291 Words | 5 Pages. COMPOSITION Themes for essays , short stories, and poetry may be evangelistic, inspirational, Biblical, Christian growth, patriotic, or . historical. For Colored Books? Please write the norm sociology, THEME of the essay , short story, and poetry on the Judge’s Forms where indicated. ESSAY WRITING NONPERFORMANCE EVENT Refer to the HINTS FROM THE ESSAY WRITING JUDGES before beginning your essay . A contestant chooses a topic and writes a paper. (Suggested topics are listed on girls books, page II-25.) 1. A good essay will use facts, arguments.
Essay , Essays , Judge 1091 Words | 3 Pages. Standing? ? ESSAY – What impacts did 9 / 11 have on books, America? September 11 , 2001, also known as . 9 / 11 , was the day that changed America, and made the standing, world stand still. It was the for colored books, most extreme attack that America had ever witnessed, far surpassing any other attempted terrorist attack. There were great impacts following 9 / 11 , including the effects on the psychology of the American public and their perceptions of the world and other races. There was a significant impact on the economy. The government expended massive.
Al-Qaeda , Osama bin Laden , September 11 attacks 1873 Words | 5 Pages. Exemplification Essay Exemplification means to provide examples about something. Writing an exemplification essay typically . International? involves offering many examples to support a generalization about something. In this type of essay , examples act as supporting material to explain or clarify the for colored girls, generalization. An exemplification essay (or illustrative essay ) uses examples to show, explain, or prove a point or argument (the essay thesis). The key to a good exemplification essay is to use enough detailed. Standing Oneself? Automobile , Essay , Essays 1268 Words | 6 Pages. Post- 9 / 11 Islamophobia Islamophobia denotes prejudice against, hatred for, or irrational fear of Muslims. Such fear and for colored, . hostility leads to meaning lovesong, discriminations against Muslims, exclusion of Muslims from mainstream political or social process, stereotyping, the presumption of guilt by association, and most frequently, hate crimes. For Colored Books? In post 9 / 11 America, Islamophobia has resulted in the general and Essay, unquestioned acceptance that Islam does not share common values with other major faiths, that Islam is.
Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Islam 823 Words | 3 Pages. Trade Center and the Pentagon were an attack on for colored girls books, the heart of America” (Newman). For every cause there is an effect, and unfortunately the Who Are What Here? Rhetorical, effects of . 9 / 11 are disturbing. For Colored? I like to norm sociology, say that everything happens for a reason, and girls, the reasons of 9 / 11 still continue to puzzle the people today. Meaning Lovesong Of J Prufrock? The attacks on world trade center and for colored books, pentagon on September 11 2001 were tragic and devastating not only for the victims, but all the people of United States of America. International? The tragic losses will forever haunt the mind. Al-Qaeda , American Airlines Flight 11 , Osama bin Laden 1295 Words | 4 Pages. ?Darryl Vick Dennis Phillips Eng. 111, 4301 25 April 2014 The Effects of 9 / 11 The attacks that took place in New York’s . Manhattan city, on September, 11th, 2001 had rippling effects that caused a great deal of controversy. The chaos of the for colored girls, two planes soaring through the two towers crippled the American economy. Standing Oneself? It also created numerous health issues. Social issues were at another alarming effect that the effects of 9 / 11 had on the U.S.A.
The attack was felt globally. The damage that was done to. 7 World Trade Center , Al-Qaeda , Lower Manhattan 1693 Words | 7 Pages. 9 / 11 and Nine Eleven redirect here. For the date, see September 11 or 9 November. For other . uses, see September 11 attacks (disambiguation).
Page semi-protected September 11 attacks A montage of eight images depicting, from top to bottom, the World Trade Center towers burning, the for colored girls books, collapsed section of the Pentagon, the impact explosion in the south tower, a rescue worker standing in front of What Are You Doing Analysis rubble of the collapsed towers, an for colored girls books, excavator unearthing a smashed jet engine, three frames of lovesong prufrock video. For Colored? Al-Qaeda , American Airlines Flight 11 , American Airlines Flight 77 19316 Words | 55 Pages. 5 . In this course I have assigned a conspiracy debunking book on widespread conspiracy allegations concerning the civil dbq, events of . 9 / 11 /01. That book, compiled by the journal POPULAR MECHANICS: Debunking 9 / 11 Myths: Why Conspiracy Theories Can’t Stand Up, attempts to silence the avalanche of girls books suspicion triggered by attacks that day. Nike International? You can obtain the essence of those suspicions by consulting the many Truther sites on the Web.
To a general reader, explain what we ought to think about 9 / 11 in for colored girls, the. Who Are You And What Are You Doing Here? Analysis? 9/11 Truth movement , Al-Qaeda , American Airlines Flight 77 2784 Words | 7 Pages. For Colored Girls? Chapter 6: Cause/Effect Essays 1-1 Organization for Cause/Effect Order First discuss all the standing oneself, causes as a block Then discuss all the effects . For Colored Girls? together as a block Discuss either causes or effects first Discuss only causes or only effects. Norm Sociology? 1-2 Block Organization Introduction 1st cause 2nd cause 3rd cause Transition paragraph 1st effect 2nd effect Conclusion Introduction 1st cause Transition paragraph 2nd cause 3rd cause 4th cause Effects Conclusion 1-3 Block Organization Introduction Effect. Affect , Causality , Chernobyl disaster 673 Words | 12 Pages. Essay Writing By: Agha Zohaib Khan Introduction to Essay Writing ? What is Essay ? The Word . Essay means to girls, Attempt. ? Definition Essay is an attempt to compose the relevant ideas in correct, concise, comprehensive and concrete way. ? ? Essay is just a literary composition of any given Topic Essay cannot be attractive unless you do not give lightness, grace and ease. 2 Agha Zohaib Khan . Civil Rights? www.css.theazkp.com Selecting The Topic for Essay ? There will be two types of. 2005 albums , Essay , Foreign policy 974 Words | 7 Pages. For Colored Girls? Writing Essays Attacking the Question 1. Topic is?
2. Date range? 3. Who Are You And Are You Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay? Key concepts or specific factors in girls books, the question? 4. . Norm Sociology? Command words used in girls books, question? Command Words Account for | Present a reasoned case for meaning lovesong prufrock, this. For Colored? | Analyse | Break down in order to nike international, bring out the essential elements or structure. The essay needs to be closely argued and detailed. | Assess | Estimate the magnitude or quality of for colored girls something supported by reasons. | Comment | Give a judgement. | | | . Argument , Logic , Paragraph 1610 Words | 7 Pages.
SAMPLE SPEECH OUTLINE INTRODUCTION Attention Getter: How many of you still remember September 11 , 2001? Connect/Relate with the Audience: . Many of us were around the age of 9 or 10 when these attacks occurred and didn't have a clue of what was going on. We just knew it wasn't normal. Who Are You And What Doing Essay? Thesis: The World Trade Center attacks were part of for colored girls books a strategic plan of a terrorist group al-Qaeda. Up For? And I will be mapping out the girls books, attacks as they unfolded. Preview of Main Points: Four planes were hijacked, each.
American Airlines Flight 11 , American Airlines Flight 77 , Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System 821 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Plan of Water Management and Policy in Canada and Uk. and civil, United Kingdom. Paragraph 1: This essay is going to compare fresh water management and policy between Canada and United . Kingdom. This essay will argue the girls, United Kingdom willing accepts different voice of citizens and carried out efficient regulation against pollution, climate change factor and standing up for, wastage to reach more supply and less demand of water. Their citizens have higher living standard and more protection under its policy. For Colored? Paragraph 2 amp; 3: In this paragraph will describe the government-business. Hydrology , Millennium Development Goals , UNESCO 786 Words | 4 Pages. by standing up for oneself skimming through the girls books, essay and finding an Democracy, interesting sentence. The title appealing because it is simple about myself. The new title could . For Colored Girls Books? be “Jessica's Life” or “How Jessica Is”, the sentence would just simply be about me.
2) How effective is the first paragraph at norm sociology, getting the reader’s attention? Will it make them want to read more? The first paragraph is effective because it will make readers want to for colored girls, read more about me and what I do in my life. Standing Up For Oneself? The second paragraph gets into more detail. 2002 albums , Lebanon, Tennessee , Need 829 Words | 3 Pages. The Truth Behind 9 / 11 September 11 , 2001 is a time in U.S. For Colored? history that everyone will remember, it holds a . special place in oneself, almost every American’s heart, as well as the for colored girls books, families in other countries who lost a loved one that day. Several groups of people within our own country and abroad believe that knowledge of this attack was held prior to the actual event. The U.S. Who Are What Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis? government made the citizens believe that two airplanes crashed into the Twin Towers in New York City, and for colored, one airplane into the. 9/11 conspiracy theories , Al-Qaeda , Collapse of the World Trade Center 1741 Words | 5 Pages. Who Are You And Essay? ?Bright Lights, Big City Writing Prompts *Please circle the prompt you are addressing in your essay : 1. What is the for colored, rhetorical purpose . behind this novel’s second person perspective? Explain the effect of nike international this unique perspective and how it contributes to for colored girls, the underlying purpose or message of the novel as a whole.
2. What kind of “American Dream” does this novel portray? Does the novel glamorize or criticize this dream (or both)? Explore the underlying message behind the Who Are You and Are You Doing Rhetorical Essay, novel’s depiction of the. Ancient Greece , Argument , Character 666 Words | 2 Pages. An Analysis of the 9 / 11 Terrorist Attack On September 11 , 2001, 19 Al Qaeda terrorists hijacked four United . For Colored Girls Books? States commercial airliners travelling from the east coast to California. The hijackers forcibly took control of four planes. Two planes were purposefully crashed into the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York City. The third aircraft was flown into the Pentagon building in Washington DC. The fourth plane landed in a Pennsylvania field. All of the people on board the aircrafts were killed.
Al-Qaeda , Central Intelligence Agency , Federal government of the United States 1462 Words | 4 Pages. The Academic Essay : Rough Draft Sitting down and thinking about how to write an academic essay ? This essay will . discuss all the things one should know in about Athenian, regard to for colored girls books, writing an academic essay . Firstly this essay will discuss how to conduct research for an academic essay , and explain in detail what research should be considered. Secondly this essay will also discuss the Here? Rhetorical Analysis, planning and drafting of an academic essay , the exact format will be assessed. Thirdly this essay will also discuss plagiarism and. For Colored Books? Academia , Citation , Essay 2520 Words | 7 Pages. Affects on civil rights, Tourism after 9 / 11 New York City is one of the most populated cities in the world. The terrorist attack of for colored girls . September 11th in 2001 affected the whole city, shutting down transportation, affecting business revenue, police and the public’s safety. The emotions of New Yorkers were horrified. This was one of three terrorists attacks that impacted America on that day, but also not the norm sociology, first terrorist attack on girls, the World Trade Center.
That morning of of j 9 / 11 was a regular day in for colored books, New York. Broadway theatre , Lower Manhattan , Manhattan 1569 Words | 5 Pages. Midterm Essay Examples 2 years ago * * Email * Favorite * Download * Embed * « ‹ › » /50 ? 0 . comments ------------------------------------------------- Formularbeginn Formularende Midterm Essay Examples - Presentation Transcript 1. Midterm Essay Workday and Examples 2. Warm Up 3. Warm Up • Is this the midterm a persuasive essay or an informative essay ? 4. Warm Up • Is this the norm sociology, midterm a persuasive essay or an informative essay ? • In. American Civil War , Connecticut Compromise , Constitution 947 Words | 4 Pages. plane. Girls Books? This is the story the government wanted its people to believe.
However, the truths about the attacks on 9 / 11 are much more . frightening. First, at 8:46 a.m., American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the World Trade Center’s North Tower in New York City, between floors 93 and 99 going 466 mph. This attack was followed by United Airlines Flight 175, which hit the South Tower at 9 :03 a.m. between floors 77 and international, 85 going 590 mph. Firefighters were dispersed immediately and went inside to try and. Al-Qaeda , American Airlines Flight 11 , American Airlines Flight 77 1727 Words | 5 Pages. The coverage of 9/11 - Finkelstein and Filkins. For Colored Girls Books? Ethics in the Media Paper #1: Reporters report?Analyse, Compare and Contrast9/ 11 /14 1. What perspective and context on dbq, the event does each . For Colored Girls Books? author offer? Give examples.
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Those who violate the. Al-Qaeda , Bill Clinton , Central Intelligence Agency 1073 Words | 3 Pages. NAME: AMDG ESSAY WRITING QUIZ AP US HISTORY ELMORE Circle the for colored girls books, letter that “most correctly” answers the question with regard to . writing an standing oneself, essay on the following topic: “Belief in the freedom of religion was central to for colored girls, the development of some colonies, while in other colonies such freedom was denied.” Assess the validity of this statement. 1. All of the following should appear in an introductory paragraph on this essay topic EXCEPT a. definitions of important concepts like. Connecticut , Freedom of Essay Athenian religion , Massachusetts 1043 Words | 5 Pages. 9 - 11 Conspiracy Theory. Girls Books? Introduction. September 11th, 2001; two planes crash into norm sociology, each tower of the World Trade Center, one in to for colored, . the You and What Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay, Pentagon, and one “crashes” in Pennsylvania.
The government tells us that the attacks were committed by Al Qaeda, a Muslim extremist terrorist group. Girls? That it was a “cowardly surprise attack.” They do not offer any proof, except, a likely fake, video tape, of Bin Laden; translated by government translators. A pattern? We took the government’s word for it. How ironic. Al-Qaeda , Attack , Attack! 1274 Words | 4 Pages. About? Manual On Paragraph Writing For Students. ?IV.
WRITING A PARAGRAPH Compiled by B.Jolamanova 1. DEFINITION/DIFFERENTIATION A paragraph is a basic unit of organization . in for colored, writing in which a group of related sentences develops one main idea. Such sentences are usually linked by logical connectives. Essay? A paragraph can be as short as one sentence or as long as ten sentences. The paragraph should be long enough to develop the main idea clearly. Girls? A paragraph may stand by Essay Democracy itself (i.e. to answer a test question).
A paragraph may also be one part. Form of the for colored girls books, Good , Paragraph , Writing 1986 Words | 7 Pages. ENGLISH-A CLASS XI Full Marks – 100 1. Prose – 20 marks 2. Verse – 20 marks Textual Grammar – 16 marks 1. Essay writing [350-400 words] – 12 . marks 2. Doing Here? Analysis? Rhetoric – 12 marks 3. For Colored Girls? Project – 20 marks Prose and Poetry – (40 m/40P) Prose 1. One of these Days-Gabriel Garcia Marquez 2. Up For? The Sunder-bans Inheritance- Bittu Sehgal 3. Making Writing Simple- J.B. Priestley 4. Through the Tunnel- Dorris Lessing Poetry 1. Stolen Boat – William Wordsworth 2. You who never arrived – Rainer Maria Rilke 3. Snake- D H Lawrence. Charles Lamb , John Keats , Poetry 1980 Words | 7 Pages. useful while writing your scholarship essay . 1.Answer the Question. Girls? You can follow the next 12 steps, but if you miss the question, you will . not win the scholarship. 2.Be Original.Even seemingly boring essay topics can sound interesting if creatively approached. If writing about a gymnastics competition you trained for, do not start your essay : I worked long hours for many weeks to train for XXX competition.
Consider an opening like, Every morning I awoke at 5 :00 to sweat, tears, and blood as. Argument , Conclusion , Essay 1054 Words | 4 Pages. com/long_behrens_saw_2/0,9461,1522794-,00.html Writing Exercise: 3 SPECIFIC ASSIGNMENT: Write a well-organized, well-developed explanatory . synthesis essay of AT LEAST (3) three pages in which you use three or more sources to convey information about your topic; it does not provide for the writer's opinion on the topic. Beginning your essay and focusing your purpose and thesis: Your textbook authors note that “in the explanatory synthesis, writers divide a subject into its component parts and. Academia , Essay , Essays 1690 Words | 6 Pages. Norm Sociology? Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the for colored, definition is vague, overlapping with . Essay Democracy? those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story. Essays can consist of girls books a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g.
Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. : Common Mistakes in Essay Writing and civil, How to Avoid Them. For Colored? dozen: common mistakes in essay writing and how to norm sociology, avoid them Undergraduate research essays generally suffer from . particular problems. This brief document highlights the most common problems and what can be done to avoid such problems. If your essays ends up being afflicted with any of these problems, we will put a number (with a circle around it) that pertains back to the listed problems in this document. For example if you find the number ‘3’ written on for colored, your essay , it pertains to norm sociology, problem ‘3’. Essay , Essay mill , Essays 1921 Words | 6 Pages. Karlee McBride Mrs.
Bushard English 11 Period 3 21 November 2013 The Day that Changed Everything . “I’ve dealt with my ghosts and I’ve faced all my demons… finally content with the past I regret . ” ‘I’m Movin’ On’ by Rascal Flatts would be the last song I would hear before my career changed forever. I was Sergeant Eli Horne with Engine Company 10, Ladder 10. I woke up every day to do the job I wanted. Ever since I was a little boy, I wanted to be a. For Colored? Rascal Flatts 1179 Words | 4 Pages. 9 / 11 …A Turning Point There have been many turning points in American history; however none have had the same effects as . September 11 , 2001, and many people relate the day to the country’s loss of innocence. As a result of 9 / 11 many civil liberties were taken away, security was heightened, and there have been numerous effects on Americans. Lovesong Of J Alfred? Although the for colored books, attack happened on American soil, it can really be characterized as an attack on civilization itself, because people from more than 80 nationalities. Aircraft hijacking , Airport security , Attack 1415 Words | 4 Pages. accident of civil dbq September 11 , 2001 (How Many People Died in girls books, 9 / 11 ). Many people died because of two airplanes that got . hijacked and meaning of j, hit the well known Twin Towers in for colored girls, New York. New York’s horrible accident caused a lot of chaos, disaster and broken families, yet many ask these questions “What was 9 / 11 ? What happened in 9 / 11 ? Who was Osama bin Laden? How did it happen?
Why did it happen? And what were the consequences or results of standing up for oneself this tragedy?” Therefore, the tragedy of September 11 , 2001 had many causes. For Colored Books? Al-Qaeda , Ayman al-Zawahiri , Islamic terrorism 2867 Words | 7 Pages. Summary and Review of the norm sociology, Essay Let Them Eat Dog. For Colored? ?Journal # 9 and 10 “Inner climate” pg. 693 Paragraph 1- Implies change is a constant and therefore inevitable. . Paragraph 2- Describes two types of “heat”. Environmental and social-political. Links the emotions of the individual to outward disorder and violence. Paragraph 3- Inner peace would be the most important of all. Accept what can’t be changed.
Positive outward change is only possible after your inner emotional problems have been tended to. Warns to rights dbq, think before.
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Caribs And Arawaks Essays and books Research Papers. This essay seeks to ascertain the extent to which the earliest people of the region are still considered the ‘ Caribs ’ and . ‘ Arawaks ’ rather than the civil ‘Neoindians’. However, no discourse on the significance of these names can be engaged in without mention being made of the name, Christopher Columbus. Columbus was a Genoese adventurer who believed that by sailing west he could find Asia or the Indies and books great wealth in the form of gold. This led to at least four expeditions into the ‘New World’. For. Arawak , Carib , Caribbean 1114 Words | 3 Pages.
from South America and migrated through the up for oneself Caribbean and finally arrived in The Bahamas around 800 AD. Girls? They are known as Arawaks , also called . Lucayans. Indians was a tag given by international Columbus, who mistakenly thought he found the East Indies when he dropped anchor in San Salvador in 1492. At the girls time of Columbus' first stopover in the Bahamas, the Caribbean was the home of the standing up for Arawaks . These people roamed the Caribbean and settled long ahead of Columbus' arrival. The Lucayans were the gentle people who.
Caribbean , Caribbean Sea , Christopher Columbus 1683 Words | 6 Pages. Carib , Island Carib , or Kalinago people, after whom the Caribbean Sea was named, are a group of people who live in the Lesser . Antilles islands. For Colored Books? They are an Amerindian people whose origins lie in meaning of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock, the southern West Indies and the northern coast of South America. The people spoke either a Carib language or a pidgin, but the Caribs ' regular raids on other groups resulted in so many female Arawak captives that it was not uncommon for the women to speak Kalhiphona, a Maipurean language (Arawakan). In.
Arawak , Arawakan languages , Carib 4389 Words | 12 Pages. hundreds of years the Amerindians moved and for colored girls books some settled. Some of the familiar names are Aztec, Maya and Inca. Who Are You And Are You Essay? The Orinoco Basin and for colored girls the Guianas in South . America were the nike international original homeland of the Caribs and Arawaks who migrated northwards through the girls books Lesser Antilles to the Greater Antilles. By 1492, the main Arawak groups which inhabited the West Indies were the Lucayans in the Bahamas and Tainos in Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti and Puerto rico. The greatest Amerindian civilization flourished on dbq, the mainland of Mesoamericas. Caribbean , Caribbean Sea , Central America 1292 Words | 4 Pages.
? Caribbean Title: social networking on the social life Name: Delano Morant School: Portmore Community . College Centre #: Candidate #: Teacher: Ms. Linda Henry Subject: Caribbean Studies Year: 2013-2014 Territory: Jamaica ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am thankful to all the individuals who made this internal assessment a success. I am grateful to the Savior for the strength he has provided me with to carryout this research, and also I appreciate. Communication , Facebook , Internet 923 Words | 4 Pages. Amerindian Legacies in girls, the Caribbean. different personalities. One group was the Arawaks or Taino which occupied the Who Are You and What Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis Greater Antilles and for colored books the other was the Caribs or . Kalinago which occupied the Lesser Antilles. The Arawaks were a very peaceful group of dbq people; slim and short, but firmly built.
The Caribs on girls books, the other hand were very aggressive people and norm sociology were taller and had a bigger built than the girls books Arawaks . The Caribs were also cannibals and some people assume that is why they were bigger than the Arawaks . Despite their differences in personalities. Caribbean , Caribbean Sea , Cuba 824 Words | 3 Pages. the Caribbean when the currents and winds were favorable. From November to March, they were effected by Are You Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay the winds and winter. Girls Books? Another group of people . that were inhabitants of the Caribbean before the arrival of the Eurpeans were the Arawaks . The Arawaks were migrants from Central and South America, who expanded their homelands to the Northern and civil rights dbq Southern regions of Cuba and Trinidad. They occupied larger areas, such as Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and were believed to share. Arawak , Caribbean , Christopher Columbus 1243 Words | 4 Pages.
several groups have been given distinct names. Girls Books? The Arawak people include the Taino, who occupied the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas(where . Meaning Of The Of J Prufrock? they were known as Lucayan); the for colored books Nepoya and Suppoya of Trinidad; the oneself Lokono of Guyana; the Igneri, who preceded the Carib in the Lesser Antilles; together with related groups (including the for colored girls books Lucayan) who lived along the north-eastern coast of You and What Are You Doing Rhetorical South America, as far south as what is now Brazil. Girls Books? The Lucayan ( Arawak ) were the natives whom Christopher Columbus encountered. Arawak , Carib , Caribbean 982 Words | 3 Pages. Brief History of the rights dbq Caribbean Through Emancipation.
to Asia and “Christianize” the “heathers” who lived there. For Colored? ? Christopher Columbus and of the lovesong alfred the Spanish “conquistadores” who followed him made little secret . of their real interest. ? When Columbus landed in the Bahamas and saw the native Arawaks adorned with gold trinkets, he was convinced that mythical “El Dorado” – Golden Land – must be nearby. For Colored Girls? ? In years the conquistadores pushed further and further into the Americas, driven by their greed for precious metals. ? They were. African slave trade , Atlantic slave trade , British Empire 1553 Words | 7 Pages. Literature Review: The Impact of Emerging Technology in Education Technology or to be more specific, Educational Technology increases student grades by . You And Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay? advancing student’s learning abilities. Books? Richey (2008) explains that Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. Stratham (2012), shortly after the internet explosion of the 1990s, technology was immediately. Computer , Education , Educational psychology 720 Words | 3 Pages. Taino Lifestyle LIFESTYLE OF THE ARAWAK /TAINO The Arawak /Taino society was basically a very gentle culture. It was . characterized by happiness, friendliness and Essay Democracy a highly organized hierarchical, paternal society, and books a lack of guile. Civil Rights? Each society was a small kingdom and the leader was called a cacique. The cacique’s function was to keep the welfare of the for colored girls books village by assigning daily work and making sure everyone got an equal share. Oneself? The relatives of the caciques lived together in large houses.
Christopher Columbus , Dominican Republic , Haiti 2244 Words | 7 Pages. A system of production refers to the way in which an economy is for colored girls books organizes to provide commodities to sustain society. Slash and Burn When the Spaniards . arrived the Arawaks and Caribs were producing Agricultural surpluses and trade was mostly organized around feeding and providing for the wants of the community. The arawaks and nike caribs used a slash and girls burn technique in their agricultural production. Meaning? By the method they would slash (cut down) trees and bushes from the land and then burn them in order. Atlantic slave trade , Caribbean , Cuba 965 Words | 3 Pages. Read the passage below, and for colored girls books answer the questions that follow. The Taino ( Arawak ) and Kalinago ( Caribs ) were similar in meaning, many . ways, but different in others. For example, their technology was quite similar, but their political organization was to books, some extent different. Their technology was not as advanced as that of the Maya. Norm Sociology? a) Explain why Mayan technology is considered more advanced than the technology of the Arawaks and Caribs . (4 marks) b) Outline the ways in for colored girls books, which the technology of Taino and Kalinago.
Atlantic slave trade , British Empire , Caribbean 1612 Words | 5 Pages. The original settlers of Jamaica were the Arawak Indians. Their colony revolved around simplicity based on fishing and hunting. In 1494 when . Columbus and his people arrived the Arawak population was generally wiped out. The Spanish disrupted the Who Are You and Are You Doing economy and for colored books brought new diseases to the island. Jamaica wasn’t really a significant place to the Spanish, because they were disappointed by of the alfred the lack of gold and other riches. They basically used the for colored area as a ‘home base’ while they explored other areas such. Arab slave trade , Atlantic slave trade , British Empire 436 Words | 2 Pages.
sank in 1635 near the island of St. Vincent. The survivors who made it to the shore shared food and huts with the indigenous population of civil . Arawak - Caribs . Due to for colored girls, the Arawakan- Carib syncretism with, Carib dominance, who invaded St. Vincent and exterminated all Arawak men, the descendants of the Africans were taught different languages. The boys were taught Carib and the girls Arawakan. This resulted in civil rights dbq, a mixed language communication among the african descendants. Unlike other former slaves around the. Atlantic slave trade , English language , Garifuna 1072 Words | 4 Pages. • 11. Human Development• Therefore human development as envisaged by the HDP includes improving the quality of life of people through the four areas of: . For Colored Girls? empowerment, equity, productivity and sustainability• The notion comes not from ethnocentric views as empowerment i.e. broadening human choices differ considerably among countries.
In one country it may be through education, another may be through opening crown lands • 12. Sustainable Development• A concept of advancing a people’s quality of life. Capitalism , Economic growth , Economics 1090 Words | 3 Pages. Climate Change Risk Assessment Report: Portland Bight Protected Area Prepared by Climate Studies Group, Mona (Jamaica) University of the West Indies . For: Caribbean Coastal Areas Management Foundation (C-CAM) April 2013 ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT This report will form one of five deliverables of a consultancy awarded by the Caribbean Coastal Areas Management Foundation (C-CAM) to the Climate Studies Group, Mona (CSGM). You And Are You Doing Here? Rhetorical Analysis? It is an assessment of the for colored girls physical and socio-economic vulnerabilities. Climate , Climate change , Climate model 25997 Words | 156 Pages. Hispaniola. There was a flourishing civilization of Native Americans living there. The primary group was the Arawak /Taino Indians. . Standing Up For? Arawak is the general group to which the Taino Indians belong, and describes the common language with this group of for colored Native Americans shared. They ranged from Venezuela through the Caribbean and standing up for oneself Central America all the way to Florida; however, the particular group of Arawak -speaking people who lived on girls books, the island of Hispaniola was the Taino Indians.
For about nike international a thousand years . Caribbean , Christopher Columbus , Cuba 1884 Words | 6 Pages. exceed three quarters of a million and most of for colored books them lived on the Hispaniola Island. The main types of people comprised the Ciboney, the Taino . Arawak and the Carib . In some case its hard to track the history of some of these people but most of them left their history in You and Doing Here? Analysis, pottery and paintings which was important in determining their ways of life. For the Arawaks , settlements ranged from single units of many families to towns of one thousand houses. Village houses were arranged around ball courts and.
Arawak , Arawakan languages , Carib 450 Words | 2 Pages. Columbus Day Should Not Be Celebrated. which was to seize treasures from their lands. When Columbus’s fleet reached the island of girls Guadeloupe, they encountered the warlike Caribs and . were attacked. The Spaniards finally defeated the Caribs and enslaved them. These slaves died out quickly because of the of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock European diseases.
Few months later, the for colored tragic story of the Essay Athenian Caribs had happened repeatedly on the Arawaks of Hispaniola (Konstam, “Across the Ocean.”) Originally, those lands were possessed by these indigenous people. If some intruders were. Americas , Amerigo Vespucci , Christopher Columbus 801 Words | 3 Pages. ? Caribbean Civilization Book Report Title Of My Paper This piece seeks to examine and analyze John Campbell’s “Beyond Massa sugar management in . the British Caribbean, 1770-1834” published by Calaloux publications. The book is for colored girls books set in the 17th to 18th century. It explores slavery on Golden Groove plantation in Jamaica highlighting that the of j alfred main intention of the plantation was to for colored books, make money of the African slaves’ labour. Up For? The author, John Campbell, since 2001 to present is a lecturer at the. African slave trade , Atlantic slave trade , British Empire 2393 Words | 9 Pages. Diffrences and Similarities in Caribbean Foods. scenario, one that lingers in your mind and taste buds after you have left.
The Arawaks were the books first to nike international, settle in the Caribbean. Girls? First . venturing to Guyana, and Venezuela, then they made their way to civil, Trinidad, Bahamas, Jamaica, and for colored books Cuba. The Caribs followed and You and What Are You Doing Rhetorical waged war on the Arawaks and then Europeans came and enslaved them. This gave us Caribbean people a combination of foods and culture. The Arawaks and for colored girls Caribs had a taste for such animals as turtles, iguanas, alligators, and frogs. They liked. Caribbean , Caribbean Sea , Cuba 464 Words | 2 Pages. Garifuna Culture of Central America.
Subject: Garifuna Culture of Central America Garifuna Culture of Central America The Garifuna people are descendants . of Carib , Arawak and West African people. Essay About? The British colonial administration used the term Black Carib and Garinagu to distinguish them fromYellow and Red Carib , the Amerindian population that did not intermarry with Africans. Today the for colored girls books Garifuna live primarily in Central America. They live along the Caribbean Coast inBelize, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Honduras including the mainland. Arawak , Belize , Carib 466 Words | 2 Pages. Legacy of Amerindians in the Caribbean.
types of people in the caribbean. One group was called the standing oneself “ Arawak ” and the other “ Carib .” Christopher Columbus mentioned the . Arawaks to be a kind peaceful people and for colored girls books the Caribs as warlike and canibalistic. However, we now know this to be false as we have recently uncovered the trash pits, or middens, of the amerindians, which show no evidence of canibalism. Therefore, Those amerindians who opposed the Spanish weremost likely termed Caribs and killed whereas those who could be used to labour in the. Caribbean , Christopher Columbus , Cuba 395 Words | 1 Pages. behaviors can be. It gives the readers a look into oneself, a culture that many do not understand. Miner tells us that the Nacirema are “a North American group . living in the territory between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the for colored girls books Antilles.” They have a “highly developed market economy”, but appearance seems to take command of their peoples’ priorities. The fundamental belief of the Nacirema people is that “the human body is ugly and international that its natural tendency is. Anthropology of religion , Culture , Human body 657 Words | 6 Pages.
the Kalinagos and the Mayans. The Kalinagos and Tainos, also known as Caribs and Arawaks respectively, are called the for colored girls books . Amerindians. Although they all lived in the Caribbean, they had different economic, social and religious practices. Their ways of living were different but there were some similarities, and they were also even more advanced than others with technology and architecture. The Tainos also known as the meaning of j alfred prufrock Arawaks were the largest of the three indigenous groups, however there settlements. Carib , Caribbean , Christopher Columbus 1237 Words | 4 Pages. “Dichotomized schemas of for colored girls books indigenous,” (Sand 2002), cultures in Trinidad, unlike traditional belief, were not two tribes, but were two categories of native . people, for example, ‘ Caribs ’ and ‘ Arawaks ’, which were based on their behaviours, whether resistant or submissive. This is seen not only in the context of Caribs and Arawaks but also with the Polynesian and Malenesian, as found in Christopher Sand’s 2002 study. The light skinned Polenesian were perceived as noble savages, with a higher level of socio-cultural. Caribbean , Colonialism , Culture 1894 Words | 6 Pages.
TOPIC Dancehall music STATEMENT OF PROBLEM An investigation into the impact of dancehall music on the values and attitudes of teenagers between the . ages 14-18years at dbq Manchester High School. RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Books? What is dancehall music? 2. What effects does dancehall music have on the attitudes and values of youth at Manchester High School? 3. Where dancehall music has a negative effect on nike, the attitudes and values of teenagers, what measures can be implemented to alleviate this problem. Gender , Gender role , High school 266 Words | 2 Pages.
Caribbean Studies Past Papers 2002- Paper 01 Society and Culture 1. Girls? (a) Differentiate between ‘material’ and ‘non-material culture’. (2 mks) (b) . Who Are You And Here? Rhetorical Analysis Essay? Describe 2 ways in which language in Caribbean society and culture has helped to for colored girls, shape some of our behavioral patterns. (4 mks) 2. (a) Illustrate, using an example, how a cultural practice such as farming is related to landforms or soils in Caribbean and environment. (2 mks) (b) Identify 2 ways in which winds and ocean currents, have influenced society. Caribbean , Caribbean Community , Caribbean Sea 3869 Words | 12 Pages. Critically Examine the Effects of the Spanish Colonization on the Indigenous Population in Trinidad. arrival to the West Indies, he met two Amerindian tribes. These were the standing oneself Kalinagos ( Caribs ) and the Tainos ( Arawak ). The . Girls? Arawak tribe greeted Columbus and his Spanish comrades with gifts and food while the Carib tribe retreated in land and observed the intentions of the nike Europeans.
These behaviors can be seen in picture one on books, this page, which shows the Amerindians greeting Columbus and the Spaniards and norm sociology the Caribs retreating in land. For Colored? Picture one taken from (“Amerindians greeting Christopher Columbus. Caribbean , Christopher Columbus , Indigenous peoples 2589 Words | 8 Pages. Explain the standing oneself Historic Barriers to Economic and girls books Social Progress in rights, the Country You Have Chosen to Study. Country: Montserrat. in the Caribbean, the islands original inhabitants (who were of Arawak decent) were engaged in for colored books, conflict with the Caribs in a . competition for land and resources.
Over time the Arawaks disappeared as the Essay about Athenian dominant culture and people, and it is speculated that they were killed-off by the Caribs . The Caribs held the island for for colored many years, continuing to take its resources, even as they moved on to other neighboring islands. Norm Sociology? The Caribs named the island Alliouagana (Land of the Prickly Bush), perhaps. British Empire , Caribbean , Caribbean Sea 2098 Words | 7 Pages. Guiana is as varied as its landscape. Its people are as diverse as the country; from the Atlantic coast, to the marshy swamps, to the tropical rain forest . and the Guiana Highlands. For Colored Girls Books? The Arawak Indians were the first known people to inhabit the land now known as French Guiana. Here? Rhetorical Analysis? The next wave of people was the Caribs , who were traveling from Brazil and stayed behind. This group made up the Amerindians, of which there are only a handful of descendants left today. The Spaniards commissioned Christopher.
Brazil , Charles de Gaulle , European Union 1843 Words | 5 Pages. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the books name comes from an Amerindian word meaning land of nike many waters. here are nine Native American tribes . residing in Guyana: the for colored girls Wai Wai, Machushi, Patamona, Arawak , Carib , Wapishana, Arecuna, Akawaio, and Warrau. Historically the Arawak and Carib tribes dominated Guyana. Although Christopher Columbus sighted Guyana during his third voyage (in 1498), the Dutch were the first to establish colonies: Essequibo (1616), Berbice (1627), and Demerara (1752). Brazil , British Empire , Caribbean 661 Words | 2 Pages. English Essay on Christopher Columbus Villain and Hero. sighting. He landed on a small island in the Bahamas which Columbus named San Salvador. He claimed the island for the king and queen of Spain.
The people . living on the islands that Columbus went to were called the Arawaks and the Caribs . Although the Arawaks were peaceful people, the oneself Caribs were more war-like. Columbus called all the people he met in books, the islands Indians because he was sure that he had reached the Indies. Prufrock? When Columbus reached Cuba, he thought it was the mainland of Japan. It took four. Americas , Atlantic Ocean , Christopher Columbus 1579 Words | 4 Pages.
The Nacirema people, living in the territory between the Canadian Creed, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and . Books? Arawak of the Antilles, are a group of norm sociology Northern Americans who have chosen to for colored girls books, live their lives in a strange manner. Norm Sociology? There is a main premise to their choice of lifestyle and that is to girls books, rid the body of Athenian Democracy its ugliness and natural tendencies towards debility and disease. Girls? (p. 503). The Nacirema people have devoted their lives to deterring these features of themselves through ritual. Anthropology , Creative Commons , Cultural anthropology 740 Words | 3 Pages. that were being performed are just everyday events that take place in every American household. Essay About Athenian Democracy? Miner describes the for colored tribe as a North American group living in . the international territory between the “Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles.” He then goes on to say that their nation was founded by a cultural hero, Notgnihsaw, who is mainly known for two great feats of strength; the throwing of a piece of “wampum” across the river Pa-To-Mac and the chopping down of. Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Cultural relativism 856 Words | 3 Pages. St. For Colored Girls Books? Lucia lies just south of Democracy Martinique.
It is of volcanic origin. A chain of wooded mountains runs from north to south and for colored girls from them flow many streams into . fertile valleys. The first inhabitants of St. Lucia were the Arawak Indians, who were forced off the island by nike the Caribs . Explored by Spain and books then France, St. International? Lucia became a British territory in 1814 and one of the Windward Islands in books, 1871. With other Windward Islands, St. Lucia was granted home rule in 1967 as one of the civil rights West Indies Associated. Arthur Lewis , Atlantic Ocean , Barbados 929 Words | 3 Pages. ethnocentric Americans through the use of sociological imagination. Abstr Anthropologist, Horace Miner, wrote an article on a tribe called the Nacirema, who . originated from Between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of books Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the norm sociology Antilles.
This specific tribe is for colored so superficial, and focuses so much time on their bodily appearance. The people of this tribe go through many daily rituals to stay healthy, clean, and as perfect as possible. This tribe that is spoken. Ceremony , Culture , Human body 959 Words | 6 Pages. that are being performed are just everyday events that take place in every American household. Miner describes the tribe as a North American group living . in the territory between the “Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of international Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles.” He goes on to say that their nation was founded by a cultural hero, Notgnihsaw, who is mainly known for two great feats of strength; the throwing of a piece of “wampum” across the river Pa-To-Mac and the chopping down of a cherry. 1950s , Anthropology , Cultural anthropology 948 Words | 3 Pages.
understandable that Miner is for colored girls books speaking of a strange culture with rituals that are strange and unheard of. The territory that Miner is referring to in his . essay, the one that lies between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and of the lovesong alfred Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles, is America. Nacirema is for colored girls books American spelled backwards. Miner describes the civil dbq Nacirema, or American culture as being “a highly developed market economy which has evolved in a rich natural habitat.” He explains that every household. Culture , Culture of the United States , Essay 911 Words | 3 Pages.
language Papiamento. Papiamento dates back to the sixteenth century, as a means for African slaves to communicate with their owners. Papiamento reflects . the mentality and culture of the for colored books many peoples who have inhabited the nike international region, including the Arawak and Carib Indians, African slaves, South American traders, Spanish conquers, Dutch merchants, Portuguese missionaries, and French and English settlers. While grammar is basic, many non-Arubans find its syntax and intonation challenging. Much of Papiamento.
Aruba , Caribbean , Carnival 855 Words | 3 Pages. Experiences of for colored girls Amerindians, African Slaves and East Indian Immigrants in norm sociology, the History of Trinidad. actually came, Trinidad was already inhabited by indigenous people more commonly known as the Amerindians. For Colored? These Amerindians consisted of many different . groups but with reference to Trinidad, it consisted of the Tainos and the Kalinagos or the Arawaks and the Caribs . They occupied Trinidad 650 AD before Columbus’s arrival and Spain claimed Trinidad as a Spanish colony from then. The misconception they faced was that the Amerindian people did not have a right to own and control the island and that the.
African slave trade , Atlantic slave trade , Caribbean 1036 Words | 3 Pages. Indigenous Tribes of Latin America. include a few groups. Of J Alfred Prufrock? These groups include the Taino people, who live in what is for colored now known as Puerto Rico. The Taino were seafaring people whose largest . towns contained around 3,000 people each which were considered immense in those times. The Arawak people of South America began migrating northward along the many scattered islands located between South and North America, an area we now refer to as the Caribbean. For a thousand years their population grew and norm sociology the people lived in books, harmony.
The. Andes , Indigenous peoples , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1519 Words | 4 Pages. A History of Guyana and Its Culture. local dialects can still be heard. Guyana started with two groups of indigenous nomadic people, who eventually spread to standing up for oneself, the rest of South America. First . the Arawak Indians came to the land and called it Guiana. For Colored Girls? Joined later by the Carib Indians the Arawak were eventually killed and You and What Are You Doing Analysis Essay drove out for reasons unknown.
One could guess the Carib were more territorial, certainly they were more warlike. European settlement began in 1615. The Dutch and British both established sugar crops and built their. African people , Arawakan languages , Brazil 1644 Words | 5 Pages. History of the Dominican Republic. Successive waves of Arawak migrants, moving northward from the Orinoco delta in for colored girls, South America, settled the islands of the Caribbean.
Around AD . 600, the Taino Indians, an Arawak culture, arrived on the island, displacing the previous inhabitants. They were organized into Essay Athenian, cacicazgos (chiefdoms), each led by a cacique (chief). The final Arawak migrants, the Caribs , began moving up the Lesser Antilles in for colored girls books, the 12th century, and international were raiding Taino villages on the island's eastern coast by for colored girls books the late sixteenth. Caribbean , Christopher Columbus , Colonialism 1734 Words | 5 Pages. Religion……………………………………………………………………………………. 8 References………………………………………………………………………………… 9 Topic: The Arawak of Guyana, their cultures, . land use patterns and their effect on the landscape and biota.
Introduction The Arawaks are thought to have settled at Hosororo creek on the Aruka River around 3,500 years ago. They planted manioc (manihot esculenta) which they baked into bread on rights, ceramic griddles on the hilltops. Arawaks occupied the girls Corentyne River also around 2,000 years ago leaving a unique type of rock. Agriculture , Arawak , Arawakan languages 1979 Words | 6 Pages. were treated and decided to react either violently or non-violently towards the up for owners or planters.
The Amerindians were one of the for colored books first migratory groups . in rights, the Caribbean. This group came in two main groups, which were the Tainos/ Arawaks who came first, then the Caribs /Kalinagos. This group was the first to for colored, face oppression by the Europeans when the later arrived. When the Europeans arrived they disrupted the peaceful environment in which the standing up for oneself Amerindians used to plant their crops. They came to produce. Caribbean , Cuba , Haiti 861 Words | 2 Pages. Caribbean History Sample Questions. The Indigenous People Of The Americas CXC Past Paper Question (1992) QUESTION 5 (a) Name two groups of Amerindians who lived in the Caribbean before . the for colored arrival of the norm sociology Europeans in for colored, 1492. (2 marks) ANSWER Tainos ( Arawaks ) and Essay Democracy Kalinagos Caribs (b) Give two examples of the way of life before 1492 of any one of the groups named at (a) above (6 marks) ANSWER (Group Tainos) The cacique was the head of the Tainos society. For Colored? The cacique was a hereditary title which passed down from father. Christopher Columbus , Curate , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 763 Words | 3 Pages.
Ritual among the Nacirema 10/20/2012 Introduction to Sociology The Nacirema Horace Miner depicted this cultural group located in Northwest America . living in the territory between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and meaning alfred prufrock the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles (Miner 503). For Colored Girls? Closely imitating the United States of America. If you take a look at the Nacirema's name spelled backwards, its American. The concept behind this is that Miner wanted to describe American's rituals in a way that. Culture , Human body , Market economy 813 Words | 3 Pages. relativism in his study of the Nacirema. EXTRA CREDIT: Where were the Nacirema located? Who are they? The Nacirema are a North American group. They live . in the territory between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui, and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles. Cultural relativism , Culture , Ethnocentrism 353 Words | 2 Pages.
where Amerindians introduced tobacco smoking, use of hammock medicinal properties of plants and lovesong alfred herbs, tropical products such as root crops and beans. . Significant numbers of indigenous peoples are to be found in Guyana ( Arawak , Caribs , WaiWai, Warau), Belize (Garifuna), Dominica ( Caribs ) and Surinam. Post Columbian westward movement continued with the coming of for colored girls other European nations (English, Dutch, French) trying to break Spain's monopoly. Through their actions other groups migrated westwards either. Americas , Caribbean , Colombia 533 Words | 2 Pages. history. Nike? Before going into the places where the story reflects the history of for colored girls books St.
Lucia, it would be beneficial to go over a brief history of the . island. It was first settled in around 200 CE by Arawak (or Aruak) Indians. However, by 800, they had intermingled their culture with that of the Caribs . Meaning? Europe#8217;s relation and discovery of this island is a bit hazy. One belief is that Columbus discovered the island in 1502, although the more widely accepted belief is girls books that it was discovered by. Caribbean , Castries , Derek Walcott 1726 Words | 5 Pages. Acknowledgement Nobly, the researcher would like to bestow gratitude to all who has helped me in the completion of this Internal Assessment. Gratitude . and appreciation to, God most of all, because without him there's is no ability to complete something. He helped to guide the researcher and helped her put away her indolence and complete her study effectively. Up For Oneself? The youngest sister of the researcher deserves appreciation because she helped the researcher in for colored books, getting references and. Anthropology , Discrimination , Ethnic group 2458 Words | 9 Pages. in island in the Bahamas, that was home to the Arawak Indians.
Historians say that the Arawak Indians did not have an aggressive . Standing Up For Oneself? outlook toward the for colored books explorers, but instead they remained to oneself, themselves. Christopher Columbus was very determined to find gold and to him, the Arawaks seemed like the key to his victory. The Arawaks happened to girls books, just be on the wrong island at the wrong time because Columbus and Who Are Are You Doing Essay his fellow Spanish explorers turned all the Arawaks into for colored books, hostages, slaves and What Doing prisoners. He took some. Americas , Arawak , Christopher Columbus 888 Words | 3 Pages. CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL REPORT ON CANDIDATES’ WORK IN THE CARIBBEAN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION MAY/JUNE 2003 CARIBBEAN STUDIES . Copyright © 2003 Caribbean Examinations Council St Michael, Barbados All rights reserved 2 CARIBBEAN STUDIES CARIBBEAN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION MAY/JUNE 2003 GENERAL COMMENTS This was the sixth year in which Caribbean Studies was examined.
There were 2188 candidates this year compared with 1468 in 2002, an increase of books 49 per. Caribbean Community , Caribbean Examinations Council , Culture 2916 Words | 17 Pages. [pic] [pic] [pic] Name of Candidate: Shanice Allen Territory: Jamaica Centre Number: Teacher’s name: Mrs. Mc Morris Table of norm sociology Contents . Girls Books? Title Page Statement of Problem Introduction and Purpose of Research Literature Review Data Collection Methods Presentation of Data Interpretation of Findings Discussion of Findings Conclusion / Limitations/ Recommendations Bibliography Appendices Statement of Problem Religion Topic: How does religion promote and develop social. Criminology , Juvenile delinquency , Sociology 3062 Words | 12 Pages.
pottery while the Who Are You and What Are You Doing Analysis Essay men hunted and fished. They used coiling techniques with rolls of dough. Utility vessels were often decorated these included cassava . For Colored Girls Books? girdles and bottles where sweet potato and manioc alcohol was stocked. Manioc alcohol was made by Carib women by chewing cassava, spitting it out and letting it ferment. they drank it at feasts and it made them drunk it also excited them to prepare and fight in war. (manioc meant cassava) However, other ceramics were also made in different forms. Agriculture , Arawak , Carib 646 Words | 3 Pages. ?Literature Review Music has always played an important role in the communication of culture. What Doing Essay? In the Caribbean people listen to many genres of music, but . dancehall is the most prevalent. Books? The Trinidad Express (2013) states that, “Jamaican dancehall music dominates the airwaves of the Caribbean.” It is heard frequently through various means which causes children to be immensely affected.
They highly esteem dancehall artists and view them as role models. Of The Lovesong Prufrock? Therefore they learn from for colored girls books what their role models. Bounty Killer , Culture , Dancehall 735 Words | 2 Pages. order to maintain a specific quality of cement. This final mix is the finished product, which is known as CEMENT. (b) Name the different types of . cement available locally and state their uses. · Trinidad Cement Limited · Arawak Cement Company Limited · Carib (Caribbean) Cement Company Limited Type-I - Ordinary portland cement used in general construction Type-II - Portland pozzolana cement , moderate heat of hydration Type- III - Rapid hardening cement used for about Democracy quick setting works . Cement , Cement kiln , Clinker 1016 Words | 4 Pages. Babylon: the Rastafari Reader, (Temple University Press, 1998), pp. 23-35 3. James Ferguson, A Traveller’s History of the Caribbean, Second Edition . (Interlink Books, 2008) 4. Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean: From the Arawak and the Carib to the Present (Plume, 1994).
African people , Atlantic slave trade , Caribbean 998 Words | 3 Pages.