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Cabinet Maker Resume Writing Tips and Example. Looking for a new cabinet maker job? Learning how to persuasive write a great resume for the position can increase your chances of getting the the colony as a sanctuary for, job. Cabinet Maker Resume Writing Tips and essays, Example. The employment market for psychological with ageing, cabinet makers is gun control competitive; therefore, you will need a great resume to the colony was established for stand a good chance of persuasive essays gun control, getting an invitation to after themes an interview from persuasive essays, employers. To write a resume, you first need to Electoral in Canada Essay determine the persuasive essays, format you want to collaborative adopt. There is persuasive gun control really no big deal about choosing a format for writing your cabinet maker resume because the format alone does not guarantee it will make any impact with the employer. Therefore, you shouldn’t take much time deciding on what format to choose from psychological with ageing, several formats that are available. What is really important is persuasive essays gun control ensuring the resume is step guide strong enough to make the persuasive essays, employer or hiring manager do one thing, which is to consider you for the colony as a religious sanctuary for, an interview where you will be able to let them know how valuable you will be to gun control their business as a cabinet maker.
The format we will be using here as we show you how to write a great resume for compare movie, the job of cabinet maker that employers will not fail to give attention to is one with the persuasive essays gun control, Objective, Core Competence, Professional Experience, and the Educational Qualification sections. We will see how each of the sections is created, and psychological associated, then use the knowledge in making a sample resume for the job of cabinet maker. We will kick it off right away with the objective section, which is the gun control, first to complete: The Cabinet Maker Resume Objective Section. The objective section of the cabinet maker resume is Electoral Reform in Canada where you have the persuasive gun control, introductory statement, and in Canada, a good first impression is important if you intend to persuasive essays gun control grab the attention of Essay, your prospective employer. Essays! The volume of compare movie, resumes an average employer seeking to persuasive gun control employ a cabinet maker receives on daily basis is quite enormous.
Most of them decide on which resume holds promise, right from the massimo dutti opening hours, objective section. So technically, if you get this section wrong, there is gun control likelihood that your resume will end in step by step guide to critiquing research, the trash can. Persuasive Essays! The objection section is working in nursing your first contact point with the employer; use it wisely by essays communicating your passion and capacity to deliver as a cabinet maker. Convey the in Canada Essay, exceptional value you will bring on persuasive board if hired. Massimo Hours! Let your objective for essays, applying for the colony of pennsylvania was established religious for, the job of a cabinet maker be clearly expressed. Any sensible employer would favor an applicant whose objective statement shows their ability to persuasive gun control solve their major need. Compare Movie! To make this section work, go beyond assuming the employers’ major needs; make the extra move to persuasive know their specific need for a cabinet maker in their furniture company.
And this shouldn’t be hard, considering how employers nowadays state the specific requirement and to the fourth, job description in the content of their advertisement. Persuasive Essays! So leverage on it and tailor your objective statement to what fourth meet that need. Essays Gun Control! For instance, in working, the furniture industry, companies who employ the gun control, services of cabinet makers look out for those who have understanding of timber qualities, ability to use computer-aided designs, as well as computer numerical control machines, and changes with, are creative, industrious, and intelligent enough to do proper job cost estimation. Persuasive Essays Gun Control! If you have these qualities, make it reflect in associated, your objective statement, and you’ll stand a better chance. Cabinet Maker Objective Examples for persuasive essays, Resume: Here are some examples to make it clearer and also serve as a guide in writing an collaborative working in nursing, effective objective section in your resume as a cabinet maker: Seeking the essays, position of Electoral in Canada Essay, cabinet maker in XYZ Furniture company where my in-depth understanding of essays, timber qualities, ability to use computer-aided design and computer numerical control machines, creativity, high energy level and intelligence to do proper job cost estimation as remarked by was established religious sanctuary my past employers will be employed. Persuasive! Seeking the job of compare movie, cabinet maker in growing Furniture Company where my many years of persuasive gun control, experience in Electoral in Canada, building awe-inspiring cabinets, working in a furniture company will be invaluable in essays gun control, achieving customer satisfaction and increase in demand.
Please take note; the second example is generic for opening hours, the furniture industry while the gun control, first is more specific and after apple, is suitable when targeting a specifically known company where vacancy for a cabinet maker exists. We will now treat the next section after the persuasive essays gun control, objective statement, which is the section to show how competent you are for the job: The core competence section is where you are required to highlight the what slave is the fourth, key talents, skills, knowledge, abilities, and experience that make you an outstanding cabinet maker. In the business of essays, furniture making, employers know the Electoral Reform in Canada, unique advantage of specialization, so they hire skilled cabinet makers to persuasive essays gun control handle that department. Therefore, for your resume to changes associated with shine, you need to persuasive essays state your abilities that show your capacity to deliver, such as; understanding of timber quality, fabrication of customized cabinets, and the colony for, use of basic and modern equipment, accurate cost estimation, measuring, and drawing of persuasive essays, layout for manufactured furniture and so on. Use this section to strongly suggest your competency in cabinet making. Employers are seeking solutions, not liabilities. The next section to collaborative working in nursing follow the competence section is the essays gun control, one that offers the opportunity to working emphasize your previous and current professional experience working as a cabinet worker for persuasive essays gun control, employers to step be assured you will be able to done the job well: The work experience section, which some refer to as professional experience or work history, is the proof section where employers verify the essays, promise you have shown so far. Here, you are expected to highlight the duties and responsibilities that through past or current performance have made you the cabinet maker they should hire. Reform! Tested hands are usually more trusted!
To do a thorough job on persuasive essays gun control this section, you are advised to use a copy of the cabinet maker job description when writing this section provided the in nursing, duties and responsibilities highlighted in it match your actual experience working in the cabinet making industry. Persuasive! And please make sure that all verbs used in step by step research, writing your current work description are in present tense. Essays! The posts held in the past should be expressed in past tense. Picking Themes! Little things matter. Gun Control! And now, we are on psychological changes with ageing to the final section where you have to persuasive essays let the step guide research, employer know of essays, all relevant academic and continuing educational trainings you have had in cabinet making: In this section, state the educational qualifications and dutti opening, all completed training programs you have completed that qualify you to work as a cabinet maker. Cabinet Maker Resume Example/Sample/Template. From our discussion above where we learnt how to essays gun control make the various sections of the cabinet maker resume, we will now put the knowledge together to step to critiquing create a sample resume for the role. Here is an example of essays, a cabinet maker resume.
It can serve as a template in Electoral Reform in Canada Essay, writing your own resume. 13 Moore Street. Rexton, New Jersey. Gun Control! Home: (111) 555-9999, cell: (222)999-9999. email@example.com. The Colony Of Pennsylvania As A! OBJECTIVE: Seeking to be a cabinet maker in XYZ Furniture company where my in-depth understanding of timber qualities, ability to use computer-aided design and essays, computer numerical control machines, creativity, high energy level and intelligence to apple picking themes do proper job cost estimation as remarked by persuasive gun control my past employers will be employed.
Understanding of Reform in Canada Essay, timber qualities Ability to apply computer-aided designs, and persuasive essays gun control, also to work with computer numerical control machines High energy level Exceptional creativity Intelligence in job costing estimation Ability to of pennsylvania as a religious sanctuary for work safely Great pace and accuracy in cabinet making. Gun Control! Hand Made Furniture Company, NJ. Take customer’s specification for by step to critiquing, cabinet Do job cost estimation Give detailed material requirements such as type of timber, to persuasive gun control the procurement officer Use procured materials to meet client’s furniture style need Use computer aided design (CAD) and computer numerical control (CNC) to ageing achieve complex furniture style Measure and persuasive essays gun control, draw site layout for manufactured cabinet Install the psychological changes with ageing, constructed cabinet Ensure customer total satisfaction with finished product Report to my supervisor Train fresher in persuasive essays gun control, cabinet making. EDUCATION AND CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL TRAINING. Electoral Reform Essay! Alexton High School, Chrystalsville, New Jersey, 2003. Persuasive Essays! You will also like: Discover what makes a good resume so you can make one that employers cannot resist. After Picking Themes! You may need to pass a job test to be hired for persuasive, a position, improve your chances of making high scores today!
Job Assessment Tests: How to Top Your Competition. As part of the hiring process, most applicants that passed the initial Resume/CV screening phase are required to pass an assessment test for massimo dutti opening, the job or apprenticeship position they are applying for. The goal of this phase is to determine if the persuasive essays, candidate has the appropriate set of skills and collaborative working, qualities to essays excel on the job. Find out the tests you will be needing to opening hours take for gun control, the position you are applying for; get lots of success proven Practice materials to prepare with now: Sure way to make high scores in job tests.
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Shakespeare: A Marxist Interpretation. Published: The Critics Group, New York, 1936, Angel Flores, Chairman; Translated: SONIA VOLOCHOVA with the assistance of Kronman Zena Rautbort and the Editorial Committee; Transcribed: Sally Ryan for marxists.org, 2000. The sixteenth century witnessed the flowering of the drama in England. At the gun control end of the century a whole galaxy of to the slave, brilliant dramatists appeared: Lyly, Kidd, Greene, Marlowe, Heywood, Dekker, and, somewhat later, Ben Jonson, and Beaumont and Fletcher. Although Shakespeare, like a majestic mountain, overshadows them all, nevertheless each was an independent and significant artistic entity. A similar blossoming of culture, although to a lesser degree, took place in other fields of artistic effort. The gifted Petrarchists, Surrey and Wyatt, were creating a new form of lyric, which reached its height in the sonnets of Shakespeare and the poems of Spenser. There were other poets, as Gascoigne, Puttenham and persuasive essays Sydney, all radically abjuring the medieval tradition. The English novel–the chivalric and pastoral romance, the picaresque, and the colony religious the realistic novel of manners (Lyly, Greene, Nash, Deloney)–evidenced like progress.
Although less brilliant than the Spanish novel of the same era, it was almost as colorful and interesting. English singers and musicians of the sixteenth century were famous throughout Europe. While in gun control the realm of the pictorial and plastic arts, there was only one outstanding English genius, the renowned architect and theatrical designer Inigo Jones, nevertheless, England attracted to to the slave is the her shores many great masters–Holbein, for instance. A new secular learning and a new philosophy, supplanted the old scholasticism. At the beginning of the century, Erasmus settled in England, where he spent several years; in 1510 he was teaching Greek at Cambridge. At this time England produced her great humanist, a friend of Erasmus, and one of the forerunners of persuasive gun control, socialism, Sir Thomas More (1478-1536), author of Electoral, Utopia. When Henry VIII decreed that all schools in England include Latin in their curricula, a flood of persuasive, translations was released, not only of the ancient poets, but of philosophers, scholars and historians as well. (Cicero, Herodotus, Suetonius, Pliny.) Education was primarily confined to aristocratic and court circles. Most Elizabethan statesmen possessed culture, and in Canada were men of high attainment.
The pursuit of knowledge spread likewise among the ladies of the upper classes. The mother of Bacon and the wife of Lord Burghley were excellent Latin scholars. Lady Jane Grey, the unhappy claimant to the English throne after the death of Edward VI (1553), read Plate in the original, and Queen Elizabeth (1558-1603), a pupil of Ascham, knew Latin and Greek in addition to four other languages. Persuasive? She rendered one of the slave treatises of Plutarch into essays gun control English and intended to translate Euripides. Nevertheless, judging by compare movie the number of mythological references and classical allusions in Shakespeare and in other dramatic writing for the public theatres, with their motley audiences, it must be admitted that quite a large section of gun control, London's population possessed some degree of culture. This scientific-philosophic movement reached its apex at the end of the century with the appearance of the slave is the fourth philosophical system of Bacon (1561-1626) whom Marx called the first creator of persuasive gun control, English materialism. 
The sixteenth century was the of pennsylvania as a religious sanctuary for era of the Renaissance in gun control England. This fruition of art and massimo philosophy in England was analogous to persuasive essays that of other Western European countries. Changes With? It also resulted from the radical upheaval in all domains of economic and social life–the decline of the old feudal order with its method of production, which was now being replaced by capitalist relations characteristic of the epoch of primary accumulation. This movement, which developed in persuasive gun control England later than in the countries of southern Europe, swept over compare movie the land. It was colored by specific local conditions, which gave a distinctive character to persuasive gun control English culture at the end of the sixteenth century. The forces which gave rise to a new England influenced every sphere of Reform in Canada Essay, socio-economic life. The first upheaval, and the greatest, affected agricultural relations. Serfdom disappeared throughout England in the fifteenth century because it was more profitable in a rising capitalist economy to hire labor. With the growth of the wool industry and gun control export markets, sheep-raising increased tremendously and created a heightened demand for pasture land. This resulted in of pennsylvania was established as a sanctuary for the enclosure system–the forcible seizure of the persuasive essays gun control commons from the peasants by the rich landlords–which developed toward the close of the fifteenth and throughout the sixteenth century. Moreover, with the psychological associated with development of the wool industry as a more profitable source of income, much cultivated land belonging to the landlords became converted into sheep-walks.
The great mass of the peasantry found itself with no land to essays cultivate. Hence, a great supply of free agricultural labor was available, ready to work for a pittance to stave off hunger. This was a fundamental prerequisite for the development of is the, capitalist industry. Another temporary measure to persuasive gun control satisfy land hunger was the sale of church land, confiscated by step guide to critiquing research the state after the advent of the Reformation, about 1535. Most of the land was bought for a trifle by persuasive essays gun control the bourgeoisie, who likewise purchased land from the old feudal lords, land devastated as a result of the massimo dutti opening hours feudal Wars of the Roses (1455-1485), graphically described by Shakespeare. Thus, a bond of unity was formed between the old landowners and the new bourgeoisie, since the former began to apply capitalist methods to agriculture.
As a result, there arose a new social group alongside of the old–a bourgeois landed gentry. However, in becoming landed noblemen, these former merchants carried over their old ideology into the new agricultural relations. This resulted in the formation of the so called gentry, composed principally of the middle and persuasive petty landed nobility, which, by by step guide to critiquing research fusing with the essays old landed nobility, replenished its ranks. This revitalized and ascending class marked the start of that squirarchy which ruled England from the time of Queen Elizabeth to the middle of the nineteenth century. On the guide research other hand, the class of wealthy peasant farmers, the so-called yeomanry–the backbone of old England–degenerated during the persuasive essays gun control sixteenth century. They were dislodged by the new landowners drawn from the bourgeoisie and the nobility, and were forced to accept the the colony of pennsylvania was established as a sanctuary for status of persuasive essays gun control, tenants. This process went hand in step by step guide to critiquing research hand with the radical transformation of essays gun control, industry. A new system of manufacturing came into being, characterized not by the concentration of labor power in the workshop, but rather by the monopoly of the products of domestic industry.
These products were made by the newly pauperized and dispossessed peasants, who were reduced to the status of wage workers. A prerequisite for the development of capitalist industry was already present. The expropriation of the agricultural producers, the peasants, their severance from the soil, was the basis of the whole process.  The royal power was utilized to support the new order, whose interests depended upon the political power of the what slave is the fourth of july state. Thus, the ruling dynasty, the Tudors, was but the agent of the rising class of the epoch. All the decrees of Elizabeth evidenced a tendency to further the new manufacturing system. Many brutal laws were passed against beggars and vagrants–people who were being expropriated, and who were resisting economic bondage. During the persuasive reign of Elizabeth's father, Henry VIII, 72,000 thieves were put to hours death. A decree was issued, regulating wages and establishing a fixed maximum. Despite this, the persuasive essays gun control new industry had to carry on a bitter struggle against two obstacles–feudalism in the country, and the guild system in the city.
The new manufactures were inaugurated in the colony religious sanctuary seaports, or else in parts of the countryside where the old urban system did not run, and essays where the the colony of pennsylvania was established as a sanctuary guilds which were a part of that system had no say. In England, the corporate towns and therefore, there was a fierce struggle between these new industrial nurseries.  Finally, the intensive development of English trade was of great significance, closely connected as it was with the persuasive new naval and colonial policy. To-day, industrial supremacy implies commercial supremacy. Electoral? In the period of manufacture properly so-called, on the other hand, it was commercial supremacy which implied industrial supremacy. Hence the persuasive essays preponderant role of the colonial system in those days. 
At the beginning of the epoch raw wool was the chief article of export; later, woolen cloth. English merchants gradually freed themselves from foreign middlemen, sold and shipped their own wares, and established their own markets. Commercial corporations sprang up for the purpose of trading with the Baltic regions, Muscovy, the Mediterranean countries, the Near East, Guinea, America and India. Characteristic of the epoch is the compare movie name of the oldest of the commercial companies, The Merchant Adventurers, which, appearing at the end of the fourteenth century, numbered 3500 by gun control the beginning of the seventeenth. They knew how to trade with the newly discovered lands, how to steal, smuggle and the colony was established trade in slaves. If enclosure was the first prerequisite of primary accumulation, colonial trading was the second.
There also existed another type of persuasive essays gun control, merchant, who engaged in operations on a smaller scale. What To The Slave Of July? He traded primarily at essays home, and had close connections with the industrialists. Essay? He was thrifty, and carefully and systematically accumulated penny upon penny–the classic type of gun control, penurious accumulator, the Puritan. It was precisely this class that approached its goal with such force and certainty that it later was to take history into its hands and forge the what to the is the of july great English revolution of the seventeenth century. Thus, the process developed, smoothly and uniformly, in all three fields. The transformation of agricultural economy and the resulting pauperization of the countryside were closely connected with the essays development of the new capitalist industry (manufacturing), and commerce (wool, cloth), which were interdependent. As a consequence, the social aspect of England changed completely. An entirely new alignment of class forces came into being, out of which developed new class struggles. Each class contained a number of conflicting groups. At the same time, the two most powerful classes, the landowning gentry and the bourgeoisie, antagonistic by nature, were during this stage of their development, to a certain extent collaborators and at times even allies, because of the specifically English conditions. Attending their growth were the early capitalization of the landowning economy, the Reformation with its confiscation of step, Church lands, and so forth.
The great feudal wars had destroyed the old feudal nobility, and the new nobles were children of their own age to whom money was the power of all powers.  Engels developed this thought further: Originally an persuasive oppressed state liable to pay dues to the ruling feudal nobilty, recruited from serfs and villeins of psychological changes with ageing, every type, the burghers conquered one position after another in their continuous struggle with the nobility, and finally, in the most highly developed countries, took power in its stead: in France, by essays gun control directly overthrowing the nobility; in England, by making it more and psychological changes associated with ageing more bourgeois, and incorporating it as the ornamental head of the persuasive essays gun control bourgeoisie itself.  In still another passage he characterized England's position on the eve of the great revolution: The new starting point was a compromise between the rising middle class and the ex-feudal landowners. The latter, though called as now, the aristocracy, had been long since on what slave the way which led them to become what Louis Philippe in France became at a much later period, the first bourgeois of the Kingdom. Fortunately for England, the old feudal barons had killed one another during the Wars of the Roses. Their successors, though mostly scions of the old families, had been so much out of the direct line of descent that they constituted quite a new body, with habits and essays tendencies far more bourgeois than feudal.
They fully understood the value of money, and at once began to increase their rents by turning hundreds of small farmers out and replacing them by sheep. Henry VIII, while squandering the Church lands, created fresh bourgeois landlords by wholesale; the innumerable confiscation of estates, regranted to absolute or relative upstarts, and continued during the massimo opening hours whole of the seventeenth century, had the same result. Consequently, ever since Henry VII, the English aristocracy, far from counteracting the development of industrial production, had, on the contrary, sought to indirectly profit thereby; and there had always been a section of the great landowners willing, from economical or political reasons, to essays co-operate with the Electoral in Canada Essay leading men of the financial and industrial bourgeoisie.  Foreigners, visiting England in the sixteenth century, were surprised by the unusual sight of castles with no military equipment, no armed guards, gates wide open. This can be readily understood; their owners were not grim feudal lords but bourgeois, or landowners turned bourgeois.
This partial coalescence of the interests of the bourgeoisie and the landowners is excellently illustrated by the history of the Verney family. The founder of the line, the merchant Ralph Verney, became Lord Mayor of London in 1465. After the Battle of Tewkeshury which ended the Wars of the persuasive essays gun control Roses, Edward IV knighted twelve citizens in testimony of gratitude to his supporters; among these, Verney stood first and received a grant of land. Later he purchased new estates and soon became one of the landowning aristocracy. His descendant, Sir Edmund Verney (1590-1642), was a landowner and a brilliant courtier–knight-marshal and standard-bearer to Charles I –who spent his time between his estate and London. In his domain, organized on a sound capitalist footing, he retained, however, many patriarchal customs; he disliked buying flour, meat and hay, preferring instead to exact them according to feudal prerogative. In London he resorted to various schemes to compare movie supplement his income. He obtained patents-royal for garblinge tobacco (i.e. inspecting it), and for hackneys for hire. In his person were embodied the nobleman, the landowner, the bourgeois merchant, and the trader. Nevertheless, the words of Marx concerning the extinction of the old feudal aristocracy and the change to capitalist technique on the part of its successors, must not be taken too literally. The economically backward regions of the West and North of England still held many feudal lords, hostile to the new economy and political life, and antagonistic to the spirit of the times.
The impetuous Mortimers and persuasive gun control Glendowers depicted in Shakespeare's Henry IV had not disappeared by compare movie the time of Queen Elizabeth. Enjoying superficial honors, boasting numerous privileges, and securing high posts when they took residence in London, they lived nevertheless under the watchful supervision of the central authorities and represented, not a living cultural force, but an outwardly impressive though impotent fragment of the past. The antagonism between them and essays the new capitalist-landowning nobility frequently broke out with great violence. Especially strong was the antipathy towards the gentry, who filled Parliament, controlled all local government in the counties, and acted in close alliance with the commercial and industrial bourgeoisie. Similar divisions were to be observed in other classes. Slave Fourth? Antagonism also existed between the old corporation guild members and those who had begun to work under new capitalist methods; and between the persuasive essays poor tenants and the farmers who thrived under the new regime. Hence, the numerous coalitions among the various strata of different classes, which figured so importantly during the bourgeois revolution. Step Guide To Critiquing Research? Yet, with all these contradictions, the leading role of the persuasive essays gun control two powerful classes, the bourgeoisie and the gentry, appears clearly, and in the twofold process which explains the collaboration between the landed nobility and the new bourgeoisie, it was the latter which predominated and survived.
It is to this arrangement of class forces and the general character of their development that we owe the monarchical form of rule of the guide political system of that epoch. At the end of the fifteenth century, there occurred a rapid development of absolutism in England. Persuasive? As everywhere else, this system, brought about by bourgeois development, was a class monarchy serving the interests of the middle and petty nobility, in England the gentry, under the Electoral in Canada conditions of new capitalist relations. This form of gun control, political rule was acceptable to the bourgeoisie insofar as it combatted the great feudal lords, who were oppressing them. However, in view of the slave of july specific situation in England, that is to say, the intensive reorganization of essays gun control, great sections of the landed nobility and to the slave of july their unification with the bourgeoisie in its early period (almost to the end of the sixteenth century), absolutism had a much more democratic and progressive character than in other countries. Hence, the profound attachment of the bourgeoisie for the monarch, an attachment which continued almost to the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. During the Wars of the persuasive gun control Roses, the House of York, which depended upon the industrially and economically progressive eastern counties, was victorious, while the House of Lancaster was supported by the barons of the compare movie backward western and northern regions. Edward IV (1461-1483), of the House of York, was the first bourgeois king of England. He was the patron and persuasive essays gun control friend of merchants, and his mistress was an untitled London lady. During his reign, the mercantile system in the economic field and absolutism in the political arena first made their appearance.
Edward IV ruled almost without Parliament. When the of pennsylvania was established sanctuary House of York became extinct it was succeeded by the Tudors, who continued the same policy, now to an even greater degree dictated by the growth of the productive form of the country. Henry VII (1485-1509), aided by an especially created bureaucracy and the notorious Star Chamber, ruled with no regard whatsoever for Parliament. Henry VIII (l509-1517) went even further. Gun Control? His main achievements were the instituting of the Reformation and the confiscation of Church lands. The lower chamber of Parliament, consisting mainly of the what slave fourth gentry with a mixture of the bourgeoisie, gave its complete support to essays the policy of the king. Slave Is The Of July? As far as the upper chamber was concerned, where the gentry were also firmly entrenched, the Tudors energetically tried to neutralize the influence of the feudal faction by creating new peers. The short-lived reaction which set in during the reigns of Edward VI (1547-1553) and Bloody Mary (1553-1558), the latter supported by essays gun control Spain, was indecisive, having little effect on the economic life of the country. During the reign of Elizabeth, absolutism reached its climax, but toward the psychological associated with end of her rule it began to disintegrate.
During her reign the English merchants established their own trading stations in Hamburg, penetrated the Mediterranean Sea, and persuasive opened a northern cell-route to Russia. In 1584 Raleigh founded in America the first English colony, which was named Virginia, for the Virgin Queen. Elizabeth herself was a shareholder in the colonial undertakings of her navigators, one of whom, Drake, she knighted. Compare Movie? For a long time she listened attentively to the London merchants. Essays Gun Control? For twenty years her closest adviser, if not her outstanding statesman, was Sir Thomas Gresham, her commercial agent in Antwerp and founder of the Royal Exchange (1571). To meet the needs of the compare movie state budget, she contracted no foreign loans, but borrowed money from rich merchants at persuasive gun control home. The naval and colonial policy of England was dictated by in Canada Essay similar motives. Persuasive Essays Gun Control? It led to to critiquing research the long war with Spain which terminated with the persuasive essays destruction of the Invincible Armada (1588), brought about the complete emancipation of England, and laid the compare movie foundation of her supremacy on the sea. The bourgeoisie had considerable influence on the court and the government, determining to a certain extent the legislation and general policies of the state. Persuasive Essays? One must not, however, exaggerate the is the fourth of july extent of this influence. The court, rather than Parliament, was the directing center of political life.
The nobility, among whom were remnants of the persuasive gun control old feudal aristocracy, was the predominant class, and what fourth side by side with progressive statesmen, leaders of young capitalism, there were a number of unprincipled careerists, adventurers, and essays favorites of the Queen. Because of this fact, one cannot view the court nobility as a homogeneous group. The court was the focal point of united though sometimes conflicting interests. In general, however, English absolutism, supported mainly by the middle and petty nobility, served primarily the interests of this nobility, not those of the bourgeoisie. This was because of industrial and trade privileges and monopoly rights granted to those strata of the nobility which kept pace with the spirit of the times. But the system of monopolies, acceptable and necessary in in Canada Essay the early development of capitalism for persuasive gun control, the promotion of Electoral in Canada, industry and persuasive trade, had become only a hindrance to Reform that development. By the end of the persuasive essays sixteenth century the bourgeoisie had outgrown this system, which had been abused by Elizabeth during the last decade of her reign, and later by James I (1603-1625) and Charles I (1625-1649), in carrying out their policy of feudal reaction. Thus, beginning with 1597, a series of sharp conflicts arose between the Crown and Parliament, conflicts which demanded the abolition, or at least the limitation, of the monopoly system, conflicts which were the forerunners of the coming bourgeois revolution. It was the end of the idyllic friendship between the new bourgeois nobility, the gentry, and the court nobility.
This conflict was aggravated by the personal traits of Electoral Reform in Canada Essay, Elizabeth. Ever lacking in decision and mistrustful, she became obsessed by suspicion towards the end of her reign. She saw treason everywhere, instituted a system of espionage, and meted out capital punishment unreservedly. The aged Queen clung to the illusion that she still possessed the charm of youth. She ordered all mirrors screened wherever she went in order to avoid the sight of her wrinkled face. She embarked on a series of love affairs with young men. Her last and most ardent love was the young Duke of Essex. Persuasive Essays? In spite of his awkward role of what is the fourth, lover to the aged Queen, he was the persuasive gun control representative of the old heroic tendencies, now outmoded. He supported an aggressive policy against guide to critiquing research, Spain, but his efforts were defeated by the intrigues of Lord Cecil, the Queen's minister. Essex lost favor with the Queen; she publicly insulted him, and when in 1601 he organized an unsuccessful insurrection, he was beheaded. Toward the year 1590, Puritanism, which was only a religious screen for the class-consciousness of the bourgeoisie in its struggle against feudalism and absolutism, gained ground.
At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the political program of the Puritans was still moderate, since the leading force of the class was the big bourgeoisie, always ready'to compromise with the aristocracy and the king. This leading group, which called itself Presbyterian, aimed only at the confiscation of the property of the Church of England, and at the abolition of all privileges which hindered bourgeois development. The struggle became more acute around 1610, when the Independents broke away from the Presbyterians. This group demanded the complete liquidation of the persuasive gun control church hierarchy, the revocation of all special privileges, and the establishment of a bourgeois-democratic system. Not until this time, some thirty or forty years prior to psychological changes with ageing the revolution, did the decisive mass of the English bourgeoisie take a resolute stand against the ruling class and the entire system of absolutism. This movement brought forth Milton, the great poet of the English bourgeois revolution, who was born in 1608.
Only the very last years of Shakespeare's creative work correspond to this period, for persuasive, he reached maturity during the epoch of peaceful collaboration of the ruling nobility with the was established as a big bourgeoisie under the protection of the then progressive royal power. Shakespeare was no poet of the court, still less of the bourgeoisie. On the persuasive gun control contrary, he had his roots in a young and vigorous aristocracy, before which extended wide horizons, and which still remained the the colony of pennsylvania religious sanctuary for ruling class of a great people. In Shakespeare's tragedies there resounds the roar of the sea; in Corneille's tragedies, only the splashing of the fountains at Versailles.  We are not in complete agreement with this dictum of Mehring's, although it seems to explain the aristocratic elements in Shakespeare's writings. We are well aware of the fact that in the poetry of Shakespeare's time in France, during the sixteenth century, the leading place was occupied by the work of Ronsard and the Pleiade, highly esthetic, hedonistic and exuberant.
However, it was devoid of the heroic and the tragic. In England, the Pleiade had its counterparts in the Petrarchist lyrics of Wyatt and Surrey, in Spenser's poems, in Sydney's pastoral novel, Arcadia, and even in the complicated trends of essays, Elizabethan drama typified by compare movie Beaumont (1584-1616) and Fletcher (1579-1625). The work of these two dramatists, who were usually collaborators, had much in common with that of gun control, Shakespeare. We find pronounced individualism, exuberance, vivid portrayal of emotions, colorful characterization, and dynamic action. However, along with these, we find qualities foreign to Shakespeare's works, because these dramatists were still trying to bolster up a feudalism that was crumbling under the rising bourgeois tide. Thus, they defended the code of the duel by ridiculing a bourgeoisie that attempted to step to critiquing research usurp this noble prerogative.  As opposed to Shakespeare's criticism of monarchy, their eulogy of absolutism in The Maide's Tragedy approaches a worship so devout that it elevates the essays gun control dissolute monarch of the play to a plane above criticism. This tendency is even more pronounced in Fletcher's tragi-comedy, The Loyal Subject, in which the hero suffers great abuse at the hands of his monarch, who finally restores him to grace. Portrayed as scoundrels throughout the play, they suddenly become regenerate in the last act. In another of his plays, The Bloody Brother, or, Rolio, Duk of Normandy, he advances the theory that true wisdom lies not in open opposition to a despotic monarch, nor in blind obedience to him, but in artful adaptation to the exigencies of the situation. This reveals to us the undoubted influence which the Spanish dramatists of the period exercised on Electoral in Canada Essay Fletcher. These dramatists were exponents of Spanish absolutism, which. while bearing a superficial resemblance to the absolute monarchies of Europe in persuasive essays general, is rather to be placed in dutti opening hours a class with the essays gun control Asiatic form of Electoral in Canada, government. 
Much more important, however, than these details is the general aspect of Beaumont and Fletcher's dramas. They contain an unconcealed epicureanism, devoid of persuasive essays gun control, all moral and tragic problems. The aim of their plays was solely to divert and to offer pointed and entertaining impressions. This accounts for the elegant mounting, the skillful handling of plot, the opulence of scenic effects. Character delineation, on the other hand, as well as the forces motivating the actions of their dramatis personae, are relegated to a second place.
They strove for the most unusual, the dutti opening hours most uncommon, the most pungent. With cynical frankness, Fletcher loved to linger over impotence, incest, sexual perversion. He looked upon persuasive, the theatre as a place in which to spend a pleasant hour. Of Pennsylvania Was Established As A Religious For? Disturbing social problems are, therefore, almost completely banished from his work. Nor does it ever contain any genuinely heroic characters. No more than two, or possibly three, of Beaumont and Fletcher's plays can be called tragedies. Persuasive Gun Control? All the dutti rest are either light and elegantly frivolous comedies, or dramas with a happy ending. All this is far removed from the persuasive essays heroic art of Shakespeare, strong to the point of vulgarity. There is no question that the roots of his art must be sought, not in the circles of epicurean noblemen, but in the revolutionary ideas and moods of the bourgeoisie.
There existed during this epoch a rather widespread literature, specifically middle-class in its thematic material and its stylistic manner. A whole group of Shakespeare's contemporaries, led by Thomas Heywood (1570-1640) and Thomas Dekker (1572-1632), belong in this category. Folk naturalism, depiction of the plebeian milieu, family life and manners, naive moralizing, are amusingly juxtaposed with intrigue, melodrama, and motifs as sensational as if they had been copied out of a daily chronicle of events-scenes in houses of prostitution, insane asylums, and so forth. Heywood's historical drama Edward the Fourth is a glorification of merchants and of pennsylvania as a religious artisans, the real heroes of the play. In Shakespeare's chronicles, the basic theme deals with two great problems–power and the fate of nations.
Heywood's plays, on the other hand, attach greater significance to essays gun control the sentimental questions of family life. This middle-class naturalism and moralizing is not confined to massimo opening hours the plays of the time; it appears also in the novels. The end of the sixteenth century witnessed the development of the essays naturalistic or autobiographical novel of manners (Greene, Nash), which depicted the life of the outcasts of society and the history of the hero's worldly transgressions. Or, like the Spanish picaresque novel, it depicted the gradual social ascent of the adventurer of plebeian origin. This provided an opportunity for a series of satirical sketches of typical representatives of every possible class, profession, or social station. That most curious industrial trilogy, The Gentle Craft, Jack of Newberry, Thomas of Reading, by Thomas Deloney, the story of a Norwich silk-weaver, presented a most detailed picture of the massimo lives of shoemakers and weavers–a sympathetic account of the transition from guild craftsmanship to manufacturing. This leads us even farther away from essays Shakespeare's work than the plays of Beaumont and changes associated ageing Fletcher. Shakespeare, a humanist and a man of gun control, historic perspective, concentrates on moral, political, and philosophical questions of universal significance; he strives to change the world. In all the other writers previously mentioned we have but the timid aspirations of the middle-classes, submissively accepting the whole existing mode of life, attempting to protect their right to a modest place in the world, a little happiness, and a shred of respect from the privileged aristocratic class.
Peaceful in their middle-class morality, they desired only to earn their living through painstaking labor. What Slave? Taken as a whole, this morality was embryonic Puritanism, as yet far from its revolutionary maturity. These people were completely fettered by their middle-class ideology, from which, as Engels says, the titans of the Renaissance were free. Ben Jonson (1572-1637) represented a different trend of bourgeois drama. His wide intellectual range, his love of life, his iconoclastic presentation and solution of moral problems place this great artist nearer to Shakespeare.
Nevertheless, Ben Jonson, too, was bound by middle-class ideology, though in a lesser degree than those previously mentioned. He was interested in the morality of his class only in relation to current problems. He was too much limited by these current interests and could not rise above them. Persuasive Essays Gun Control? He was not granted Shakespeare's intellectual and philosophical insight. A rationalist, slightly pedantic in his reasoning, he was the what is the fourth of july enemy of persuasive, all romanticism, which he angrily ridiculed. He maintained that the artist must depict only the associated with people of every day life, and only those occurrences from which edification can be drawn. His main concern in all his plays was to essays be rational and to the is the fourth plausible, in the popular, naturalistic meaning of the term, and to edify. It can be said that, inasmuch as the essays gun control Puritans were enemies of the theatre, Ben Jonson was basically, in his point of view, very close to them. Ben Jonson, like Moliere, with whom he had much in common, endeavors to correct morals through ridicule in his comedies Every Man in his Humor, and Epicoene, or the Silent Woman. He exhibits scoundrels, eccentrics, and a whole gallery of morally deformed types of every shape and color.
In The Alchemist, he exposes one of the abuses of the age, superstition, and the chicanery connected with it. In Bartholomew Fair, he ridicules the noble spendthrift, together with the predatory and hypocritical priest, the prototype of Tartuffe. In the comedy, The Devil is an Ass, he presents an interesting picture of the depravity and degeneracy of the court of James I. At the was established as a religious sanctuary same time, Ben Jonson also criticizes the class whose representative he is. His Volpone is a grotesquerie of a cunning old man, who not only makes fools of ail those who dream of inheriting his fortune, but robs them at the same time, until he falls prey to the greed of his assistants. By thus having confined his thematic material to the realism of daily life, combined with a great deal of malice and even photographic copies of contemporaries, never to be found in Shakespeare, Ben Jonson limited the horizon of his art. This is gun control particularly apparent in the construction of his characters. As in Moliere, they are usually dominated by one particular trait, which colors all their feeling and actions. This explains their one-sided and schematic nature. Parody and distortion replace the broad and profound mirroring of reality to be found in Shakespeare. Ben Jonson was a great scholar, a man of enlightenment and erudition, but he was able to mirror only the milieu with which he was familiar, and that only to a limited degree; Shakespeare reflected an immense epoch in full with inspired insight into the future.
There was still another group of Electoral Reform in Canada, bourgeois dramatists, represented by the close forerunners and contemporaries of Shakespeare, with Marlowe at the head. It is to this group that Shakespeare belongs. Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593), the stormy genius of the English Renaissance, who died prematurely, reflected in his work the aspirations of the gun control rising English bourgeoisie during the period of its initial strength. His plays expressed all the passion, all the super-abundance of massimo opening hours, strength, all the utopian daring of thought and will of a newly-born, exultant class, eager to rush into the fray for the conquest of the world. Marlowe was the first to develop the heroic tragedy, the tragedy of a powerful individual whose passions and grandiose struggles encompass and unite all the action. To know everything, to possess everything–this is the motto of Marlowe's heroes. In the preface to his first tragedy, Tamburlaine the Great, he introduces the theme. Essays? The shepherd who becomes master solely through will, and by step guide research faith in his star, is conceived on a high plane. He is a true conquistador of the essays gun control sixteenth century, avid and drunk with his own strength, ready to conquer the world. Tamburlaine reckons with nothing, not even with the will of the the colony was established as a religious sanctuary gods. And at the end of the tragedy he dies unbroken in spirit, with a proud challenge to fate and death on his lips.
Tamburlaine, however, is essays not only Electoral in Canada Essay, a man of great ambitions; he is essays gun control a thinker as well. Hungry for knowledge, he craves to understand the marvelous construction of the world, to fathom the run of each planet. To the man of the Renaissance, knowledge and compare movie power were inseparable. Such a superman is Dr. Faustus, who sells his soul to tile devil in exchange for mortal happiness, knowledge and power.
But he desires this power in order to persuasive essays render his country impregnable, to surround it with an iron wall, to compare movie create an persuasive essays unconquerable army, to establish universities. A similar figure, this time in the guise of a villain, is Barabas, in The Jew of psychological with ageing, Malta. With gold, his one weapon, he fights the entire world. He commits incredible villainies, sacrificing his daughter for the sake of revenging himself on the Christians who had insulted him, and meets his downfall with his pride unbroken, as Tamburlaine and Dr. Faustus. As if in contradistinction to these types, Marlowe, in The Troublesome Raigne and Deathe of Edward the Second, a chronicle play wherein, as in Shakespeare, certain fundamental problems of essays, political power and national destiny are analyzed, portrays a weak character around whom swirl intense passions. Bourgeois critics consider Marlowe the founder of the compare movie romantic drama. This is partly true, insofar as Marlowe's plays are filled with a daring imagination and poetic fantasy, far removed from the naturalism of Heywood or even of Ben Jonson.
But it is a special kind of romanticism, a romanticism which Engels, in characterizing the epoch of primary accumulation, described as follows: It was the knight-errant period of the bourgeoisie; it had, too, its romances and its amorous enthusiasms, but on a bourgeois footing and in the last analysis, with bourgeois aims. Gun Control?  The basis of Marlowe's romanticism is a vigorous realism. Psychological Associated With? Realistic are his powerful characters, hewn from granite; realistic, the ideological and psychological design of essays gun control, his plays; his language and his poetry. He introduced blank verse into drama, a poetic form far more flexible and expressive than the polished, rhymed metre of the older dramatists. But most realistic is his depiction of the ardent, anarchic, amoral strivings of his epoch. According to Engels: . A period which loosened all the old ties of opening, society and shattered all inherited conceptions. The world had suddenly become ten times bigger; instead of a quadrant of a hemisphere, the whole globe now lay before the eyes of the West Europeans, who hastened to take possession of the other seven quadrants. And along with the essays gun control old narrow barriers of their native land, the Electoral Reform thousand-year old barriers of mediaeval conventional thought were also broken down. An infinitely wider horizon opened out before both the outward and the inward gaze of man. What mattered the prospects offered by respectability, or the honorable guild privileges inherited through generations, to the young man tempted by the wealth of India, the persuasive essays gun control gold and silver mines of Mexico and Potosi? 
Marlowe was the compare movie ideologist of the revolutionary, but as yet only elementally and anarchistically revolutionary, English merchant bourgeoisie of the end of the persuasive essays sixteenth century. A true humanist, he transferred their strivings to step by step guide research a higher plane. He did not use bourgeois themes, he reflected the very essence of the aspirations of persuasive essays gun control, this class in pure form, without the commonplace bourgeois wrappings. It is this that relates Marlowe to Shakespeare. There exists, of course, a fundamental difference between them. Shakespeare, who is an incomparably deeper and more mature humanist, transcends Marlowe's anarchic amoralism. Nevertheless, Shakespeare has his roots in Marlowe.
This kinship is corroborated by the enormous influence Marlowe exercised over Shakespeare's early work. Shakespeare borrowed not only the Reform blank verse and certain stylistic details, but also the conception of a lofty tragic hero. In a series of early plays, Shakespeare follows in the footsteps of Marlowe; Richard III (1592) and Titus Andronicus  (1593) resemble, in many respects, The Jew of Malta (1589-1590) That Shakespeare borrowed from this play for his conception of Shylock in The Merchant of persuasive, Venice (1596) cannot be doubted, while Richard II (1595) retraces the most essential aspects of compare movie, Edward II (1592). Even in his later and greatest tragedies, Shakespeare remained indebted to his mentor Marlowe; there is essays gun control something of Tamburlaine in King Lear (1605) and Macbeth (1605). We do not, therefore, expect to find any specifically bourgeois content in Shakespeare which is normally absent from the works of the great humanists of the epoch. Marlowe and several other dramatists  of his group exemplify this theory. This is also true of the humanist poets of other countries. The ordinary middle-class thematic material is completely alien to step by step guide research Petrarch, and if we do find some aspects of it in Boccaccio, in persuasive essays gun control The Decameron and partly in the Corbaccio, we must not forget that this is of pennsylvania was established for but a small part of his inheritance. An equally significant aspect of his literary output, unjustly neglected in the popular evaluations because of his Decameron, is presented by a number of poetic romances on persuasive legendary themes of chivalry.
These are realistic in in Canada treatment and progressive in ideology. This is also true of the splendid pastorals, Ameto and the Ninfale Fiesolano, so truly revolutionary in content, and Fiammetta, which laid the foundation of the new realistic and psychological novel. Gun Control? Bourgeois themes are not to be found in any of the books, nor in the work of the great painters of the time. Raphael, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci carried out revolutionary ideas through aristocratic, mythological, and even religious subject-matter. Middle-class themes would not have adequately expressed their ideas and would have restricted the depth and to the slave is the fourth of july extent of persuasive, their efforts. Shakespeare, too, followed this trend. It was even more natural that he should have done so, because the circumstances attending the historical development of England–the fusion between the what to the fourth nobility and the middle-classes-created conditions extremely favorable to such an art.
In discussing the evolution of law, Engels says: The form in which this happens can, however, vary considerably. Essays? It is possible, as happened in England, in harmony with the whole national development, to retain in the main the massimo dutti opening forms of the persuasive essays gun control old feudal laws while giving them a bourgeois content; in fact, directly giving a bourgeois meaning to the old feudal name.  Is this not equally applicable to the literary scene? It is impossible, purely on the basis of the aristocratic nature of his characterizations and subject-matter to draw the conclusion that Shakespeare was the ideologist of the new nobility which was fast acquiring bourgeois trappings. On the contrary, Shakespeare was strongly opposed to the attempt on the part of this new nobility to appropriate the fruits of primary accumulation and to monopolize all culture.
However, Shakespeare found subject-matter and imagery of a feudal character to be a convenient form for the colony of pennsylvania sanctuary, the following reasons: the traditional dramatic plots, the blending of nobility and bourgeoisie, the avoidance of middle-class limitations. Since the substance was completely bourgeois, through contact with the new content, the form was materially changed. Shakespeare is the humanist ideologist of the essays gun control bourgeoisie of the time, for whom the source material of his plays had no importance, and which, as Engels has pointed out, he did not disdain to borrow even from the Middle Ages. He was concerned only with how he could adapt this material. It does not follow that he denied the living present around him, or that he was but another of that group of closet humanists whom Engels characterized as second or third-rate men, or cautious Philistines who are afraid of what to the, burning their fingers (like Erasmus). Persuasive Essays Gun Control?  His reactions to the world around him, and to the changes in the political and social currents of his time were strong but complex. They found expression not in impulsive outbursts or obvious allusions to the evils of the times, but in profound internal upheavals and changed evaluations of humanity and of the whole life process. In view of the colony of pennsylvania as a religious for, this, Shakespeare's work, in spite of the internal unity and the correctness of its basic ideology, falls into three periods. During the first period, until around 1601, there occurred the coalescence of all the foremost forces of the country: upper middle-class, the monarchy, the gentry, and even a part of the landed nobility. This process is reflected by the joyous optimism of Shakespeare s early work, which is filled with a bold and happy affirmation of life, and with obviously aristocratic elements. He has two main themes–the assertion of the new absolutist national state, and of the intoxicating joy of living now available to the individual, at last emancipated from feudal bondage.
To the first theme he dedicated the cycle of chronicle plays; to the second, the series of enchanting, gay comedies. But the effects of the disintegration of the class alignment are already apparent in persuasive essays gun control the plays written towards the end of the period, around 1597. The decomposition of the court had set in, the Puritans were becoming more and more aggressive, the struggle between the bourgeoisie and the nobility had already begun. Hence, the tragic treatment of royal power in Julius Caesar (1599), with its confused conclusions, its pessimism; and the colony of pennsylvania as a the gloomy overtones of the earlier Much Ado About Nothing (1598). During the second period, to 1609–years which marked the decline of Elizabeth's reign and the advent, under James I, of feudal reaction–the process of disintegration was completed. The nobility with the support of the monarchy, was preparing to defend its position against the imminent onslaught of the bourgeoisie and the gentry. Vacillation, evasion, compromise, we'e no longer possible; he who was not afraid to burn his fingers had to make a choice.
Shakespeare made his. He broke through the circle of superficial, aristocratic emotions, discontinued the gay comedies and the idealized depiction of the past, written in celebration of that glorious present which was no more. With powerful tragedies, as well as sharply dramatic comedies, he entered the arena as champion of the heroic ideals of bourgeois humanism. Shakespeare, however, was not destined to retain this position. Reality was against him.
The age of humanism was at an end. Narrow, fanatical Puritanism began increasingly to permeate the bourgeoisie and this, in turn, affected Shakespeare. He was forced to choose between the degenerate royalists and the revolutionary, though sanctimonious, Puritan hagglers. An additional factor entered the situation. By 1610, the London theatre had become very strongly aristocratic in flavor because of the growing royalist patronage and the irreconcilable hatred of the Puritans for the stage. The Beaumont and Fletcher type of play became the persuasive vogue. Its popularity rose to such heights that it began to crowd Shakespeare off the stage. Necessity forced the compare movie bourgeois dramatists to face the dilemma. Persuasive? Shakespeare, therefore, made a slight compromise. Step? Without betraying either his basic principles, or his social, ethical, and political convictions, he made certain ideological concessions which affected even his style.
During this third period (1609-1611) he wrote a series of essays, tragicomedies in the manner of Fletcher. Psychological analysis and compare movie definitely motivated action then began to disappear; grim realism gave way to fairy tale and legend. Shakespeare became preoccupied with the complicated, cleverly constructed plots (Cymbeline) demanded by persuasive essays gun control the public. His plays were once more filled with those purely decorative, esthetic elements–masques, pastorals, and fairy scenes–which abound in the plays of his first period, and are completely absent from those of his second. This was the celebrated reconciliation with life that Shakespearean scholars delight to discuss, but which actually weakened his genius. Shakespeare could not long endure such self-imposed violation of his artistic integrity. For the last time he gave full voice to his humanist credo in his swan-song, The Tempest. Five years before his death, at the height of his creative power, he stopped writing for research, the theatre (1611). Nevertheless, in spite of the critical phases through which he passed, the basic characteristics of Shakespeare's point of view and style–his militant, revolutionary protests against feudal forms, conceptions, and institutions–remained unaffected throughout his life.
What were these characteristics? First of all–a new morality, based, not on the authority of religion or of feudal tradition, but on the free will of essays, man, on the voice of his conscience, on his sense of responsibility towards himself and the world. This called for of pennsylvania as a for, the emancipation of the gun control feelings and personality of the individual; in particular, this necessited individualism, that most vital and typical characteristic of the Renaissance, which found its fullest expression in what fourth Shakespeare. This resulted in a new approach towards social relations, the organization of the state, the nature of authority. To Shakespeare, the essays highest authority was that of absolute monarchy, but his conception of this was not so much the authority of the colony as a religious sanctuary, divine right as the authority of essays, responsibility. The monarch justifies his rank and dutti opening existence only when he expresses the collective will of the people and realizes their collective welfare. Secondly–a scientific attitude towards the world, life, and reality, which, rejecting all metaphysical interpretations, demands a causal explanation of all natural, social, and psychological phenomena. The possibilities of such a scientific approach to reality were, to be sure, very limited in Shakespeare's day.
Nevertheless, this is the essence and the basis of Shakespeare's creative method. And, finally–the energy and optimism so characteristic of the Renaissance. Persuasive Essays Gun Control? Shakespeare did not permit resignation and apathy to opening enter the soul of man; struggle was to him the whole meaning and content of life–creative struggle for persuasive essays gun control, the realization, if not of the compare movie highest ideals, at least of the organic desires inherent in his individualistic character. Inactive natures, sunk in abstract dreaming or hedonism, or lacking in a sense of responsibility towards themselves and towards humanity, were destined by Shakespeare either for destruction (Anthony in Richard II), or ridicule (Jaques in As You Like It). This approach is one of the most significant aspects of the new ethical philosophy of essays, humanism as Shakespeare understood it. Shakespeare's first period included epic and lyric poems as well as plays. Both these genres, so typical of the Renaissance, found fertile soil in massimo England. Persuasive Essays? His poems Venus and Adonis (1593), and Lucrece (1594), though more conventional in style than any of his works, reveal his characteristic manner. Their natural tone and vivid realism stand out in sharp relief and distinguish them from the work of his contemporaries.
Let us compare Shakespeare's Venus and Adonis with Ronsard's poem on the same theme; instead of Ronsard's conciliatory, esthetically cold treatment of the dramatic end of Venus' beloved, and her great sorrow, we find in compare movie Shakespeare a genuine and ardent passion. Ronsald's poem is a graceful, inanimate picture; Shakespeare's, a dynamic, fervent cry of passion and suffering. Such is the contrast between the humanist poet of the progressive element of the essays gun control gentry, and Shakespeare, the humanist poet of the bourgeoisie. His treatment of step by step guide to critiquing, ancient themes closely resembles that of another great humanist poet of the bourgeoisie, the persuasive essays Boccaccio of Ameto and Ninfale Fiesolano. In England, the poem which most nearly approaches Venus and Adonis is Marlowe's Hero and Leander. Shakespeare's sonnets are distinguished also by a profound realism which reveals the sequence of his personal experiences. His poems were well received by his contemporaries. Lyric and changes ageing epic poetry was the vogue. Hence it was more esteemed and remunerative than the drama. Still, Shakespeare early rejected both these forms for the drama, the most progressive and persuasive essays gun control democratic genre of the epoch, in which he could express himself completely. The plays of Shakespeare's first period fall into three groups: comedies, chronicles and tragedies.
Beginning with the dutti opening hours comedies, a division can be made between those we may term realistic, as to both style and subject, and romantic, as to subject alone. The realistic comedies are: The Comedy of Errors (1592), which is an adaptation of persuasive gun control, Plautus' Menaechmi; The Taming of the Shrew (1593), and The Merry Wives of Windsor (1600). The romantic comedies are The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1591), Love's Labour's Lost (1595), A Midsummer Night's Dream (1596), The Merchant of was established as a religious sanctuary for, Venice (1596), Much Ado About Nothing (1598), As You Like It (1599), and essays gun control Twelfth Night (1599). Let us analyze this group first; it offers rich and varied material for a comprehension of the growth of Shakespeare's world perspective. The outstanding characteristics of these plays are usually considered to be the carefree joy of living and the aristocratic elements of the thematic material.
This is partially true, but requires elucidation. The thematic material does not consist entirely of the aristocratic elements–the life of leisure led by the colony of pennsylvania as a the nobility, whose days, to all appearances, were spent in persuasive essays gay pursuits and games of love. These elements Shakespeare uses merely as a visible background, against which he unfolds the new humanist conception of love, and the more pedestrian emotions and attitudes. Beneath the gay, airy play of changes, sensations and events is concealed the serious inner struggle for new ideals. In as early a play as The Two Gentlemen of Verona are found two moral systems sharply juxtaposed: Proteus, the scapegrace aristocrat, a Don Juan type rooted in feudalism, believes himself entitled to all things and gun control fills his life with empty, fugitive pleasures; on the other hand, Valentine longs to enrich his personality, and conceives of a harmoniously organized society based upon step by step guide research, truth, honor and friendship, in which each person's conduct would be founded upon obedience to persuasive gun control his own sincere inclinations. His generosity of soul compels any personal sacrifice for his ideal of friendship. His subsequent disillusionment drives him to revolt, ostracizing him from a society not yet ready for his ideals. This comedy is compare movie a first attempt, although ineffectual, to affirm the rights of the essays gun control unclassed individual. The effort failed because of Valentine's confusion and naivete.
Shakespeare is still groping his way, feeling for firm ground. However, in his very neat play, Love's Labour's Lost, he poses one of the cardinal problems of the epoch by combatting the attempt of the aristocracy to compare movie appropriate humanism and turn it into a bubble of abstract hedonism. The King of Savarre and a few members of his retinue renounce human society and the love of women to ponder upon abstract philosophy. But a French princess, with her maids-in-waiting, arrives at essays gun control the court, and all the sober intentions of these anchorites are scattered to the four winds; they fall in love. They continue to play the hypocrite, concealing their real feelings until Biron unmasks himself and his companions, when, in a magnificent monologue (IV, 3), he disclaims abstract philosophy and glorifies the force of love, the fountain-head of all authentic wisdom. The antithetical character of these two aspects of humanism is manifested not only in the ideology, but also in the style. The conspirators against what to the fourth of july, love express their philosophical vows euphemistically. After his metamorphosis Biron eschews such flourishes, and tells his beloved (V, 2) : And I will wish thee never more to dance, Nor never more in Russian habit wait. 0, never will I trust to speeches penn'd,
Nor to persuasive essays the motion of a school-boy's tongue; Nor never come in visard to my friend; Nor woo in rhyme, like a blind harper's song: Taffeta phrases, silken terms precise, Three pil'd hyperboles, spruce affectation, Figures pedantical; these summer-flies. Have blown me full of maggot ostentation; I do forswear them: and massimo opening I here protest, By this white glove,–now white the hand, God knows!–
Henceforth my wooing mind shall be express'd. In russet yeas, and honest kersey noes: In this play, Shakespeare refutes those who accuse him of persuasive essays gun control, sympathetically depicting the aristocracy by voicing through Biron, his most positive character, his rejection of the aristocratic manner of life. There is also the what fourth of july dull and pedantic schoolmaster Holofernes, filled with the same bombast and rhetoric indulged in by the titled and florid aristocrats. In his case the medieval scholastic origin of such bombast and rhetoric is unconcealed.  Here, too, on a lower plane, is encountered a struggle between two styles and two world perspectives : Holofernes suffers a humiliating defeat at persuasive the hands of the clown, Costard, who possesses a healthy, realistic intellect. As You Like It is akin to the foregoing play, in that Shakespeare decries escapism as a philosophy. The old Duke and of pennsylvania was established as a religious his retinue live in a half-illusory world until Orlando, healthy, sober, optimistic, leads them back to everyday reality.
Most of the scenes are delicate, tranquil pastorals, the peace of persuasive essays, which Shakespeare himself quickly dispels by step by step to critiquing research opposing the gun control coarse, natural, healthy desires of Audrey, William, and Touchstone to the euphemistic shepherdess, Phebe. Here again, Touchstone, the clown, a plebeian, is the exponent of common sense. Shakespeare quickly dispatches Jaques, the melancholy misanthrope, who is the implacable enemy of what to the of july, realism. Some of the persuasive gun control critical interpretations of this character are astonishing. What? Brandes pronounces him to be the embodiment of Shakespeare himself, the mouthpiece of his dearest and most sacred thoughts, and Friche repeated his mistake, though from essays a different position. But is not Jaques, who, morose and sullen, remains alone in the forest when all the rest exultantly go back to a joyous life of psychological changes, reality, a negative, and at times, even a comical figure? Yet, just as Polonius, he was not deterred from expressing true ideas or from evaluating certain realistic points of view correctly and persuasive intelligently, Jaques is introduced to repel the audience, who would thus apprehend the play's basic meaning and direction. A Midsummer Night's Dream is the apotheosis of a free, self-determined love which transcends tradition, the ancient law of Athens, and paternal authority. Schematically, the play is by step guide research a masque.
Shakespeare does not destroy its form, as in the case of the pastoral in As You Like It, but uses another method. The formal, ancient mythology is supplanted by plebeian superstitions (fairies, the persuasive essays gun control mischievous Puck). Shakespeare instills vital emotion into the tenuous scheme of the step research affected court masque. The last two plays in this group deserve special attention. The Merchant of Venice, although classified as a comedy, ought not, strictly speaking, to be so termed. The element of romantic intrigue plays a secondary role. The chief problem is of a broad, socio-moral nature. Out of two medieval legends Shakespeare created a profound play, in which two worlds are contrasted.
One, a world of joy, beauty, and friendship, is represented by Antonio and his friends, Portia, Nerissa and Jessica; the essays other, a world of rapaciousness, greed, and malice, is represented by Shylock, Tubal, and their servants. In the preceding comedies reconciliation was possible, evil could become good. In The Merchant of Venice, however, this is not so; the war between the two worlds is a war to the death. The conflict is compare movie not racial, as many critics contend, but social. Shylock tells us this in essays so many words (I, 3): How like a fawning publican he looks! I hate him for he is a Christian; then, immediately after: But more for to the slave is the, that, in low simplicity, He lends out persuasive essays, money qratis, and brings down.
The rate of usance here with us in Venice. In the Electoral Reform Essay same vein, he explains the character and essays causes of Antonio's hatred for massimo opening, Shylock: He hates our sacred nation; and he rails, Even there where merchants most do congregate, On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, Which he calls interest. Cursed be my tribe. If I forgive him! Thus the racial conflict is essays immediately superseded by a greater one; the class conflict. But what is the social basis of these two groups? Friche maintains that Antonio's world represents the feudal aristocracy, lavish squanderers who lived for pleasure only.
Shylock's world, on the other hand, represents the class which is about to the colony of pennsylvania was established religious sanctuary supplant the other,.the bourgeoisie, calculating, niggardly, and merciless in its hatred for its enemy, the aristocracy. Fiche is incorrect. The social structure of the play is more complex, more subtle. Its title, The Merchant of Venice, does not refer to Shylock, as is generally assumed, but to Antonio. Antonio's class position as a practical and wealthy merchant is clearly stated at the beginning of the exposition (I, I), where Antonio's friend Gratiano, addresses him: You look not well, Signior Antonio;
You have too much respect upon the world: 'They lose it that do buy it with much care. Antonio immediately denies this. However, since these words are uttered by Gratiano, so intimate a friend of Antonio, we are justified in assuming that they properly reflect Antonio's activities. Nor does it follow that, because Bassanio ruined his business with his wasteful extravagance, he as an essays idle, parasitical arisrocrat. The hard-working, efficient merchant who lived on a luxurious scale, spending his profits lavishly and head over heels in debt, was a typical figure of the Renaissance. Unquestionably, Antonio's whole circle, among whom there is not a single nobleman, belong to the patricians of the Venetian merchant-class. Changes Associated? It is of no consequence that the business activities of his friends, Lorenzo, Gratiano, Solanio, Salarnio, are not shown. Shylock does not represent the entire bourgeoisie, but only one of its elements; he is a money-lender. Essays Gun Control? Usury was but one aspect of capital,  and met with moral and legal disapprobation The lawmakers tried to regulate money-lending; the moralists inveighed against the colony was established religious for, it.
Even if Shakespeare did not differentiate between the two forms of capital, still, in Shylock, he depicted a representative of the least productive and most rapacious section of the bourgeoisie. In creating Shylock, Shakespeare was attacking the enemies of humanism, the Puritans. As a perfect example of the wealthy merchant-adventurer, Antonio is persuasive brave, enterprising, generous, and keyed to the love of life and esthetic ideals of the Renaissance. He understands Portia's words on the colony of pennsylvania as a sanctuary mercy (IV, 1), as well as the touches of sweet harmony (V, 1), to persuasive which Shylock is deaf: The man that hath no music in himself,
Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds, Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils; The motions of of pennsylvania was established sanctuary for, his spirit are dull as night, And his affections dark as Erebus: Let no such man be trusted. This is Jessica's justification for leaving her father for Lorenzo. Friche claims that Shakespeare senses the inevitable victory of Shylock, the bourgeois, over Antonio, the feudal aristocrat. Persuasive Gun Control? According to him, only such an assumption can explain Antonio's otherwise incomprehensible melancholy and the gloomy tone of the of pennsylvania religious sanctuary for play.
But Antonio is not a feudal aristocrat; Shylock does not represent the bourgeoisie as a whole, and the tone of the play is not gloomy but exceptionally bright and joyous. Lest the persuasive audience misinterpret his intentions, Shakespeare adds a last act which contributes nothing to the plot, but which glorifies the new, beautiful, and joyous life about to unfold before Shylock's opponents, after Antonio's victory. Shakespeare criticizes certain failings in the ruling class, hoping thus to strengthen its position. Even more significant is his approach to the race problem, so striking in the profundity of Electoral Reform in Canada Essay, its humanism. The Jewish usurer was a character from the gun control Italian novella, which served as Shakespeare's source for The Merchant of Venice. The racial and religious motivations of the mutual hatred between Antonio and Reform Shylock are replaced by the only true motivation, the social. As if to persuasive essays gun control leave no doubt about Reform in Canada Essay his own view on the matter, Shakespeare introduces Shylock's famous monologue (III, l)–as fiery a plea for racial equality as can he found in literature: . He hath disgraced me and hindered me of half a million; laughed at persuasive essays my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine enemies; and what's his reason?I am a Jew! hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions? fed with the step to critiquing same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by persuasive essays gun control the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer as a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed? if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not revenge? The efforts of some critics to defend their view that the play shows anti-Semitic tendencies, by their insistence that Shylock was envisaged as a comic character according to the old theatrical tradition, are untenable.
In the first place, Shylock is changes associated ageing not a simple comic character like the clowns. Like Polonius, his personality is complex. In the second place, even the purely comic characters often express pertinent, profound ideas. The claim that, if the persuasive gun control monologue be taken seriously, the unity of Shylock's personality is destroyed, because he causes the audience alternately to hate and to sympathize with him, is likewise untenable. Shakespeare's realistic art and his objectivity spring precisely from such complex figures and evaluations. In Othello he again surmounts the racial problem in the same inspired manner. In Twelfth Night, the last of the romantic comedies, Shakespeare again takes up the theme of love. At the same time, he treats the problem more openly than ever. Two types of Reform, love are graphically contrasted. Gun Control? The play opens with the Duke, Orsino, languishing for the cruel beauty, the Countess Olivia; he seeks consolation in solitude and in step guide melancholy song. He sends a messenger to Olivia, charging him to describe his love for her with all possible eloquence Shakespeare gently ridicules this doomed love, so typical of the feudal aristocracy, a love which leaves one completely unmoved.
As a contrast, Shakespeare depicts the vital and realistic love of Viola for Orsino. Her love, which forms the basis of the play, calls forth the warmest sympathy. Similarly vital and unaffected is Olivia's passion for Sebastian. All her aristocratic reserve is forgotten, she abandons herself to the violence of her feeling. Gun Control? Orsino, on the other hand, remains a waxen figure, an compare movie elegant marionette in the aristocratic style, even after he is forced by circumstances to capitulate and to marry Viola. Yet he is a lover of music, like most humanists; he is magnanimous and kind. Although Shakespeare is careful not to essays caricature or slander him, he exposes him as a slave of aristocratic etiquette, thus destroying any sympathy one might have for him. Viola, on the other hand, is Reform in Canada Essay one of Shakespeare's most attractive women. Persuasive? Her moral firmness and initiative, combined with her feminine tenderness, her unswerving honesty in massimo opening hours fulfilling obligations, endow her with that true humanist harmony which Shakespeare considered to be the highest expression of dignity. The comedy also contains a group of essays, characters who present a problem of the utmost social significance, expressed in a more pedestrian form than the love theme.
They are Sir Toby Belch, Olivia's uncle, and Sir Andrew Ague-cheek, his friend and imitator. In Shakespeare's time the by step to critiquing title Sir was applied to a specific caste of the nobility–the knights. With the exception of the chronicles, which, because of gun control, their themes, necessitate the presence of many noblemen, Shakespeare seldom uses this title in his comedies of manners. It is of pennsylvania was established as a religious sanctuary usually indicative of a swaggering or licentious person. Falstaff and persuasive gun control the priest Hugh Evans, the bombastic and stupid pedant, in the Merry Wives of Windsor, are knights, but not Fenton, who is a positive character. In Twelfth Night, the two knights, who are always together throughout the play, fulfill a particular purpose. They represent the aristocratic parasite, feudal in nature. Their parasitism is greater than is indicated.
The fact that certain traits in a character are not demonstrated in the play does not, in Shakespeare, indicate the non-existence of such traits; they are implied. The Colony As A Religious Sanctuary? This is an important aspect of gun control, Shakespeare's art, as of all the humanist art of the Renaissance. The commercial activities of Antonio in The Merchant of of pennsylvania as a for, Venice, and of the semi-bourgeois Page and Ford in The Merry Wives of Windsor are not revealed in the plays. Their speeches and conduct permit us, in fact compel us, to assume the existence of persuasive essays gun control, such activities. What Is The Fourth Of July? The parasitism of both Sir Toby and Sir Andrew, on the other hand, is persuasive gun control shown with painstaking care. There exists, however, a basic difference between these two characters.
Sir Andrew is despicable; Sir Toby is amusing and to the is the almost sympathetic. Persuasive? In contradistinction to the overbearing Sir Andrew, full of illusions about his dignity as a member of the nobility, Sir Toby is well aware of his own worthlessness, and deliberately reveals it. Shakespeare ironically rewards this degenerate noble for his honesty and wit by allowing him, a knight, to marry Maria, his niece's plebeian servant. There is another interesting parallel. To retrieve his fortunes, Sir Andrew woos a rich bride, as Petruchio in The Taming of the Shrew, and Bassanio in The Merchant of Venice. While Petruchio's desire to retrieve his fortune by religious sanctuary for a wealthy marriage arises from a daring, enterprising, and progressive spirit, Sir Andrew's stems from a petty nobleman's attempt to cling to gun control life. These are two perfect illustrations from Shakespeare of the fact that no evaluation of a situation or character can be made without considering the compare movie period and the social environment, as well as the personality of the character. The lower plane, always so important with Shakespeare, is gun control represented by in Canada Essay the pert Maria, the persuasive clever Clown, Fabian, and Malvolio. They do not carry on any independent action, except for the jest played on Electoral Reform in Canada Malvolio, but serve as a rational background for the main plot. Their presence lends it a healthy and concrete reality. The clever Clown and Maria, the merry liar, represent two aspects of Viola's character.
The three speak a common language, a language different from that used by Viola when conversing with Orsino or Olivia. Malvolio is in sharp contrast to the other members of the group. It has been suggested that he, like Shylock, was intended as a caricature of the Puritans. This is possible. The portrait, however, is too indistinct. Essentially, Malvolio's function is to be the Duke's double on the lower plane. This is indicated, not so much by his attachment to Olivia as by his stilted and tedious punctiliousness.
Surrounded by his magnificent court, Orsino is convincingly brilliant. Malvolio is only distasteful and ridiculous. Persuasive Gun Control? Orsino's oratorical and musical propensities represent the Electoral Essay aristocracy's unsuccessful attempt to appropriate humanist culture. The ascetic pedantry of the gun control plebeian Malvolio is psychological associated with inimical to humanism. The Comedy of Errors, first of the essays realistic comedies, is too unimportant for detailed analysis. The Merry Wives of Windsor will be discussed later, in connection with the analyses of the chronicles. The Taming of the psychological changes associated ageing Shrew is one of the foremost expositions of the new humanist morality, though apparently farcical, lacking in ideological content, and derived largely from the old anonymous play of the same title, from which Shakespeare borrowed not only the plot but whole sections. The spoiled, shrewish Katharina is transformed by her clever and adroit husband, Petruchio, into the ideal, well-behaved wife. In the essays gun control last act, the formerly submissive Bianca has become a peevish, capricious beauty, whereas Katharina has become the essence of meakness and affability.
Her famous monologue in the last act is massimo dutti hours so moralistic that it repels the audience. It is interesting that even in essays gun control Shakespeare's time many resented the compare movie speech. Shortly after the persuasive essays gun control appearance of The Taming of the Shrew, Fletcher wrote The Woman's Prize, or, The Tamer Tamed, a play in which Katharina is was established religious for avenged. When Katharina dies, Petruchio marries again; the essays second wife behaves towards him as earlier he had behaved towards Katharina. Shakespeare, however, found it necessary to present Katharina as a spoiled and ill-tempered woman from the beginning of the play, According to her acquaintances, she was stark mad, intolerable curst and shrewd and froward . beyond all measure. There is no one mad enough to consider marrying her. Massimo Dutti Hours? No wonder Petruchio was forced to have recourse to such cruel measures in order to tame her! Had Shakespeare not presented Katharina in as unfavorable and repellent a light as possible, the basic idea of the play would have failed. But what is Katharina's real character? When her father tells Bianca's suitors that she cannot marry until her older sister finds a husband, Katharina, aware of the general attitude towards her, suffers from the persuasive gun control humiliating position in which she has been placed (I,1): Kath: I pray you, sir, is it your will.
To make a stale of me amongst these mates? Hort: Mates, maid! how mean you that, no mates for you, Unless you were of gentler, milder mould. Kath: I' faith, sir, you shall never need to by step research fear; I wis it is not half-way to her heart; But if it were, doubt not her care should be. To comb your noddle with a three-legg'd stool, And paint your face, and use you like a fool. Though sharp, Katharina's answer is but a dignified retort to persuasive gun control Hortensio's crude cynicism She does not start the quarrel; she merely defends herself. Shakespeare, however, seems to feel that a woman has no right to answer a mans insolence with insolence and threat with threat. When Bianca hears her father's decision and step guide to critiquing research begins to weep, Katharina says:
A pretty peat! it is best. Put finger in the eye,–and she knew why. Katharina's contemptuous words fail to express her real sentiments: she is too upset. Bianca's conduct is gun control a direct slur on Katherina's character; it represents her as an with inhuman person, her sister's unhappiness. Thus far, Katharina has shown some sharpness, even some crudeness, but where has she shown pugnacity? Whe'e has she appeared as a spoiled and capricious child? In the second act Katharina is found beating Bianca, but even this is persuasive essays gun control justified (II, 1): Bianca: Good sister, wrong me not, nor wrong yourself, To make a bondmaid and a slave of the colony of pennsylvania was established as a for, me; That I disdain: but for these other gawds,
Unbind my hands, I'll pull them off myself, Yea, all my raiment, to my petticoat; Or what you will command me I will do, So well I know my duty to my elders. Is Bianca sincere or merely hypocritical? Neither; her last sentence simply indicates lack of essays, personality. Since her psychology is that of hours, a slave, she thinks that Katharina wants her ornaments. Bianca imputes only the lowest motives to Katharina; feelings of the heart, individualism, are incomprehensible to her. Katharina is neither covetous nor envious.
She is simply filled with the naive despair of a misunderstood human being who sees lavish praise and caresses showered upon her sister–a soulless doll set up for her emulation. The audience's sympathy is with Katharina, who is neither intolerable curst nor shrewd and froward; she is gun control merely fighting for the right of a woman to be an individual. Petruchio makes up his mind to confuse her; compliments her on her daintiness and mildness which are praised in every town. Such mockery incenses Katharina and explains the sharpness of her tongue and her insults. When Petruchio announces (II, 1): we have 'greed so well together, That upon Sunday is the step guide research wedding-day. I'll see thee hang'd on Sunday first. But she meekly goes to the altar.
Her words are only a defense against arrogant interference, her darts are not sharper than Rosaline's in Love's Labour's Lost or Beatrice's in Much Ado About Nothing. Katharina, it is true, slaps Petruchio's face, which they would not have done. Essays Gun Control? But neither would Biron or Benedick have behaved like Petruchio. The Taming of the Shrew is a farce; any of the characters could have been as rude as Katharina. This is the last of the untamed Katharina. How is the taming accomplished? Petruchio tames Katharina by humiliating and starving her. Where then, is the the colony religious shrew? Here is only a woman fighting for her dignity and unreasonably insulted by gun control her husband. Shakespeare borrowed the idea–the taming of a shrew–from an old play.
He kept the traditional theme, but negated the traditional ethics through his treatment of the central character, Katharina. His recondite ideas are more valuable and revealing than all the surface elaboration. The chronicle plays, of which there are nine, consist of the three parts of the colony of pennsylvania was established as a religious, Henry VI (1590-1591), Richard III (1592), Richard II (1595), King John (1596), the essays gun control two parts of Henry IV (1597), and Henry V (1598). It is more important to remember that Henry VI, Part I, was most likely an adaptation of an older play. The historical chronology of their reigns is: King John, 1199-1216; Richard II, 1377-1399; Henry IV, 1399-1413; Henry V, 1413-1422; Henry VI, 1422-1461; Richard III, 1483-1485. Some critics insist that the sequence of these plays is unimportant because Shakespeare conceived the entire cycle long before writing any of it. Compare Movie? According to persuasive these critics, Shakespeare intended to present a philosophy of the dynastic history of England for a definite period. Moral retribution furnishes the Electoral Reform in Canada Essay basis of this philosophy. Even though Richard II was a bad king, his overthrow by Bolingbroke–the future Henry IV–was a great sin. The consequences were visited, not only upon the usurper, but upon the whole nation, afflicted with the plague during the reign of Henry IV, and particularly upon his grandson, Henry VI, who appeared to carry within him the essays gun control seeds of this hereditary sin. The House of York rose in revolt against the House of Lancaster and overcame it.
Edward IV's accession to the throne was also based on criminal usurpation. God's vengeance was, therefore, once more visited upon the people in the form of the tyrannical rule of the predatory and cruel Richard III, who had gained the step throne by persuasive murdering the other members of the Reform Essay royal house. Moral equilibrium was not restored until Henry VII, a Lancaster, married one of the princesses of the House of York, thus uniting the two warring houses. Essays? With his lawful occupation of the throne the morally pure dynasty of the Tudors ushered in an era of national prosperity. A great deal of this is correct. It is true that Shakespeare held the overthrowing of the colony of pennsylvania was established religious sanctuary for, a lawful ruler to be a great evil, even when justified by circumstances. Nor can one quarrel with the thesis that Elizabeth's grandfather, Henry VII, is an idealized figure. The concept of inherited sin, however, is alien to persuasive Shakespeare. Other wise, he could not have depicted Henry V's reign so glamorously. The notion that the whole nation was doomed to suffer for was established as a religious sanctuary for, the sin of its monarch is even more alien to Shakespeare, who is too profound a realist to subscribe to the metaphysics so characteristic of feudalism. The belief that the whole historical cycle concerns itself with but the persuasive essays narrow problems of dynastic rule, and that this accounts for the unity of the subject-matter; is also untrue.
The unity of the cycle is limited to Reform Shakespeare's approach to political events. Each of the chronicle plays retains, therefore, an independent existence and significance. The distinctiveness of theme and action is carried out even in the compositional design. The alternation of epic, though disjointed, scenes in essays Henry VI, the abundance of colorful folk elements in Henry IV and Henry V, the massimo dutti concentration of action around the protagonist in Richard III, are differences which belie the structural unity which these critics read into the cycle. In his chronicles, Shakespeare fully revealed his political philosophy –his attitude towards royal power and his understanding of the historical process. It is a mistake, however, to attribute too much historio-graphical wisdom to Shakespeare, as some Soviet critics do. Since the essays study of socio-economic phenomena was almost nonexistent in his time, Shakespeare could not present a rounded historical conception of the epoch. However, he grasped certain basic factors and aspects of social phenomena, harmonizing them with the more specific historical traits derived from other sources, which were meager, confused, and biased. He wrote his historical cycle at a time when all the progressive forces of the step guide land were–or at any rate, he thought were–united. Since such unity was then possible only persuasive essays gun control, under absolutism, the basic theme of the chronicles is the affirmation of Electoral Reform in Canada, absolute power.
But Shakespeare did not merely affirm absolutism; he also analyzed it its limitations, possibilities, and essays gun control purpose–at once criticizing and championing it. Above all, Shakespeare recognized the necessity of of pennsylvania as a sanctuary for, a strong central power, which could be assured by a rigid succession to persuasive essays gun control the throne. The problem of succession was very crucial at that time, when the Wars of the Roses and the unrest preceding Elizabeth's accession were still vivid in the minds of the people. Even during Elizabeth's reign the struggle for the throne continued, as exemplified by the activities of Mary, Queen of Scots, Essex, and others. In Italy, during this time the usurpation of power was as a rule instigated by the Progressive forces. In England, it was exactly the opposite. Of Pennsylvania Was Established As A Sanctuary? The necessity for essays gun control, a rigid law of succession was a constant subject of controversy. King Lear was the first humanist English tragedy dedicated to that problem.
Shakespeare had in mind the horrors of civil war attendant upon compare movie, the ancient British King Gorboduc's reckless division of persuasive essays gun control, his kingdom. The Colony Of Pennsylvania As A Sanctuary For? The English bourgeoisie favored not only monarchism, but even absolutism, which still served their ends. This is the basic problem which occupied Shakespeare. This also explains the peculiar omissions in his works. In King John , for instance, there is no mention of the Magna Charta, the most important event of that epoch; this partial surrender of royal prerogative would have lowered the ruler's stature and defeated Shakespeare's purpose–the presentation of a strong monarch. His unhappy choice of King John as the subject was motivated by gun control the attempt of this monarch–the first such effort in English history–to effect a separation between Church and State, an act of tremendous importance in compare movie the subsequent development of England. He regarded John Lackland as the predecessor of Henry VIII, who brought about the Reformation. Nevertheless, Shakespeare's objectivity compelled him to cite some of King John's negative traits–his questionable seizure of the gun control crown, and the cruel punishment indicted upon Electoral in Canada, Prince Arthur, the lawful heir. King John assumes, therefore, a dual personality; the real hero of the play is not he, but Philip the Bastard. Persuasive Gun Control? Neither of massimo opening, these acts, however, reduces his stature as much as any reference to the Magna Charta would have done.
He is essays fighting for the cause of nationalism; Arthus is a protege of France, against whom it is necessary to protect England's power. That, King John is compare movie strong enough to do. When first the French and then the English king try to persuasive persuade the citizens of Anglers to open the gates to the lawful sovereign (II, 1), they stubbornly refuse to do so; they will have nothing to do with dynastic squabbles. Only after one of the pretenders has proven his strength will they bend the knee before him. This political wisdom of the bourgeoisie dominates the entire play.
Whether King John or King Philip has a legitimate claim to the throne of France is psychological changes associated with of as little importance as their moral defects; only the strength and unity of England matter. This idea is clearly formulated in the words of Philip the Bastard, which end the play: . nought shall make us rue, If England to itself do rest but true. The bourgeoisie, the petty and middle gentry, and the absolutists were united by their common struggle against the powerful feudal nobles. The chronicle plays leave no doubt as to gun control where Shakespeare's sympathies lay.
The powerful feudal nobles depicted by to the is the of july him–the Percys, Glendowers, Mortimers–are arrogant and refractory. They are forever testing their strength against the king's and organizing rebellions and persuasive essays conspiracies. To Shakespeare, they were the scourge of the land. He saw Henry IV's reign as an uninterrupted series of feudal uprisings, which were not accidental, but which resulted from the king's usurpation. Shakespeare, however, is presenting not the idea of moral retribution, of a higher, divine judgment, but a sober political concept. Step Guide To Critiquing? Bolingbroke's usurpation of the throne set a precedent, thus showing the feudal nobles how they, too, could attain power. After he has seized the throne, they demand to be rewarded for their aid. When he refuses, they turn against him. They reason that, since Henry IV succeeded in overthrowing Richard II, they in turn can overthrow Henry.
This is the curse of the usurper. Hotspur's rebellion climaxes the struggle between the king and his vassals. Hotspur is persuasive essays a brave, fiery, tempestuous feudal lord who throws himself headlong into the strife and dies a hero. Fare thee well, great heart! exclaims Prince Henry as he kills him (Henry IV, Part I, V, 4). Shakespeare emphasizes Hotspur's greatness by contrasting it with the cowardice of Falstaff, who, feigning death, lies next to the colony of pennsylvania was established for the fallen hero on the field. Shakespeare makes his conclusions more convincing by drawing a dangerous rebel in heroic proportions. Had Hotspur been weak and insignificant, Shakespeare's argument would have been won too easily. It is thus that Shakespeare fights his class enemies when he demonstrates his thesis–the objectivity of his approach constitutes his greatness. Of great significance are the factors which hastened Hotspur's death: the vacillation of persuasive essays gun control, his own father and uncle, and their pursuit of personal political ends, which are tantamount to psychological changes associated betrayal. The personal egotism of the persuasive feudal nobles, the lack of cohesion of their forces at massimo dutti opening hours a time when only the greatest unity could have assured their victory, proved fatal.
Since, however, these traits are rooted in the very class nature of feudalism, Shakespeare clearly demonstrates that the nobles are doomed by the very attributes they are fighting to preserve. In Henry VI, Young Clifford is interested only in avenging his father's death; Somerset is constantly involved in political squabbles; Warwick alone is essays gun control inspired by a hope for justice and desires to fight for the nation's welfare. When, however, he succumbs to his feeling of changes associated with, personal injury, betrays these principles and allies himself with his former enemies, he, too, perishes. A strong king, according to Shakespeare, is the greatest political blessing a nation can enjoy; a strong monarchy is a guarantee of persuasive gun control, national prosperity. Title alone does not make a king,–recall Richard II's hysterical discourse about his divine right as an anointed king (IV, 1)–he must justify that rank. A king should be strong, upright and by step guide to critiquing wise; he must express the gun control collective will of the nation. Henry VI perishes because he is not such a king, but not before causing innumerable calamities.
Shakespeare did not say that such a king should be overthrown, but maintained that the psychological associated overthrow of such a ruler was inevitable; nevertheless he repeatedly emphasized that the overthrow of a king was a great misfortune. The hopelessness of this dilemma is revealed in Shakespeare's selection of kings. King John at best is only tolerable; Henry IV is inadequate; Richard II, Henry VI, and persuasive essays Richard III are bad–only Henry V is a desirable king. What Fourth Of July? The selection is still more illuminating when the rulers in his Roman tragedies and the kings in his historico-legendary plays are taken into account. Hamlet's father, and persuasive essays gun control Duncan, had to be presented as good kings. They are, however, hardly more than mentioned. But what about Julius Caesar, Claudius, Macbeth, Lear, or even Antony? There are good king in some of Shakespeare's plays, but they are always legendary, never historical monarchs. They are the princes or dukes–the exact title does not matter; what does matter is that they are sovereign and by step research absolute rulers. The Comedy of Errors, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Two Gentlemen of essays gun control, Verona, Romeo and Juliet, and massimo dutti opening hours Measure for Measure contain such good princes and dukes. Persuasive? They are wise and high-minded, settle all conflicts, and restore justice.
It is significant, however, that the term prince or duke, rather than the term King, is applied to them. The confused king in Much Ado About Nothing and the foolish king in Love's Labour's Lost are of no consequence. Henry V, however, is an exception. He embodies all of Shakespeare's optimistic hopes which were to be realized by absolutism. Henry V refers to step by step guide to critiquing research himself as the essays gun control sun. When such an compare movie expression is not used ironically–and it is not so used in this play–it indicates Shakespeare's own evaluation. Henry V,which concludes the cycle of chronicle plays, is, therefore, best suited to an analysis of Shakespeare's concrete political depiction of bad kings. Henry V is shown as a sovereign who has completely crushed feudalism. The conspiracy of the persuasive feudal lords in the first act creates an impression, not of the Precariousness of the king's position–as in Henry IV –but of absolute confidence and calm assurance. The same impression is compare movie created by the discussion of persuasive essays gun control, his pretensions to the French throne.
Instead of anxious fears of an unclear future, the exposition induces full confidence in slave is the the success of a mission that is just, while the triumphant note on which the play ends resounds with faith in a bright future, not to be found in any of the other chronicles. Henry's confident power is founded on the support of the masses. Persuasive? When, as Prince Henry, he tramped the religious roads and frequented the taverns in the company of Falstaff and persuasive essays his band (Henry IV), he came into close contact with the people. He continued this practice when he became king. On the eve of a decisive battle (Henry V, IV, 1), he makes the rounds of the English camp in disguise and chats with the by step guide to critiquing research officers and soldiers to discover their real thoughts and feelings. In essence, the tactic he employs is no different from that used by his father, Bolingbroke, who, as he rode through the streets on his way to essays exile, dived into their hearts with humble and familiar courtesy, threw away reverence . on slaves, wooed poor craftsmen with the craft of smiles, doffed his bonnet to an oyster-wench (Richard II, I, 4). No wonder the people greeted Bolingbroke jubilantly on his victorious return. He replied to their greetings from one side to the other turning, bareheaded, lower than his proud steed's neck (V, 2). Such is Shakespeare's conception of a positive king. Henry IV's son did not need to bow lower than his proud steed's neck; he could converse with the people in opening hours a friendly and natural fashion without loss of dignity.
The democratic composition of Henry's army is emphasized. It was no accident that Shakespeare introduced common soldiers and the lower officers. Nor did he do it simply for essays gun control, the sake of color and innocent comic effect. They are the base upon which rests the guide king's strength. Three centuries before the gun control appearance of scientific history, Shakespeare, through his intuitive genius, knew that the changes associated with ageing Battle of Agincourt was not worn by a little group of well-born heroes, but by gun control the English soldiers. Massimo Opening Hours? The English yeomanry conquered the disintegrating feudal nobility of essays gun control, France. This is graphically demonstrated in the scenes which depict the English and French camps on the eve of battle (III, 6-7),–on the one hand is the vapid foppishness, the boasting, the badinage, in the French camp; on the other, the serious concentration, the honest concern, the feeling of great national responsibility which animates every English soldier. It is not so much a national, as a class contrast.  Henry appreciates his plebeian soldiers; because of his silent approval, Fluellen makes short work of the insolent braggart Pistol, who had insulted him. Changes With Ageing? Though not a feudal aristocrat, Pistol is at any rate a remnant of the persuasive essays dying feudal order (V, I).  Nor does the king confine himself to democratic sympathies; his very nature is Electoral in Canada profoundly democratic. In the last scene (V, 2), Henry, in persuasive telling the by step guide to critiquing Drench princess of his feelings for her, emphasizes his plebeian moderation and simplicity, so different from the affectation of the court. According to persuasive historical facts available in Shakespeare's time, Henry was not nearly so simple and crude as he presented him.
In this vivid, if exaggerated self-characterization, we find in what is the of july a more developed and more socially rooted form that which Shakespeare previously revealed in gun control Biron's monologue in Love's Labour's Lost: protestations against what to the is the of july, all affectation and empty aristocratic polish in the name of democratic simplicity, sincerity of feelings, and natural expression. Henry's speech puts him in the company of Fluellen and Williams. This, according to Shakespeare's idea, makes him a people's king. Shakespeare's selection of soldiers is extremely interesting. Persuasive Essays? Williams and Bates are pure English, but Fluellen is Welsh; Macmorris, Irish; Jamy, Scotch. Here are the nationalities of the future Great Britain; they are depicted fighting side by side like brothers for the common good, for the future imperial state. This amazingly perspicacious picture Shakespeare painted at what slave fourth of july a time when Ireland, nominally under the rule of the English king, was in a state of constant insurrection, and when Scotland was still completely independent.
Henry V is Shakespeare's ideal king. Nevertheless, in spite of its felicitous conception, this play is persuasive essays gun control among the weakest of Shakespeare's works. Critics unanimously proclaim it too discursive and unconvincing. Is it not possible that the play was a failure because Shakespeare had already begun to be tormented by doubts; because his attitude towards absolutism had already become ambiguous,–a state of mind which prevented him from mobilizing all his creative resources in its defense? Shakespeare's most brilliant play of this type is Richard III, an historical tragedy of Electoral Reform in Canada Essay, epic proportions.
Its distinguishing characteristics are the unity of its plot and the concentration of action around the leading character. Persuasive? Richard dominates the other characters. To know Richard, therefore, is to understand the massimo thematic design of the persuasive essays play. The contradictions in Richard's nature have been pointed out by all Shakespearean scholars. They do not, however, disclose the social nature of these contradictions. According to them, Richard is a villain, a monster, a devil incarnate, who is, nevertheless, not devoid of a certain attraction, particularly in the final scenes of the Battle of Bosworth Field.
In order to mate the transition from the psychological to the social antithesis, it is necessary to Essay begin with the most positive basic constant in Richard's character, a constant which Shakespeare endows with immense human and social values. In intelligence, will-power, and even in persuasive essays valor, Richard excels everyone around him. He is a true hero in psychological associated with the style of Marlowe's Tamburlaine or Faust. In comparison, his antagonists, as well as his friends, are but pitiful pigmies. If, from the point of view of abstract morality, Richard is persuasive gun control a villain, then who among the others is beyond reproach?
Edward, the dutti opening hours impotent voluptuary? The boastful and ambitious kinsmen of the queen: Rivers, Grey, Vaughan? Buckingham, the unprincipled careerist? The dull and stupid Hastings? Stanley, the hypocritical politician? Or Catesby, Richard's devoted slave?
The youthful princes slaughtered by Richard evoke pity, nothing more. Sympathy for Clarence is essays gun control neutralized by his apathy and stupidity. Step By Step Guide To Critiquing Research? The queens who hurl imprecations at Richard are not devoid of tragic grandeur. They are not, however, his personal antagonists, but the representation of Fate. Of the three, only Margaret can match his mentality, but her spirit is broken. Even Richard's strongest opponent, the radiant Richmond, is unconvincing. His role in the play is that of the deus ex machina, who ends the feudal Wars of the Roses. Richard towers over him as Hamlet over Fortinbras. The selection of characters is significant; it emphasizes Richard's true greatness.
This greatness is unceasingly demonstrated throughout the first four acts and reaches a climax in essays the fifth, when Richard's star begins to wane. He is by step research revealed as a true hero, fighting against inexorable fate, and perishing in a burst of tragic glory. Persuasive Gun Control? Shakespeare, mighty master that he was, has few passages as forceful as the one in which Richard reveals the massimo dutti opening daring mind and will of essays, a conqueror, as he challenges the decrepit feudal morality (V, 3): Let not our babbling dreams affright our souls; Conscience is but a word that cowards use, Devis'd at first to keep the strong in awe: Our strong arms be our conscience, swords our law.
Or the passage in which Richard calls his men to the battle which is to be fatal to compare movie him (V, 3) : Hark! I hear their drum. Fight, gentlemen of England! fight, bold yeomen! Draw, archers, draw your arrows to the head! Spur your proud horses hard, and ride in blood; Richard's greatness is more than an abstract psychological attribute; it is an expression of Shakespeare's social and political thought. Richard represents the strong ruler, who firmly holds the reins of power and puts on end to the intrigues and quarrels of the court cliques. One must not, however, overestimate Shakespeare's historical knowledge or his comprehension of historical events That Richard was a progressive sovereign who protected commerce and industry by concluding advantageous treaties and introducing improvements in shipbuilding, is never even indicated. The chronicles which served as source material shed but little light on these matters. It is possible that even if Shakespeare were aware of these events, he did not care to make use of essays gun control, them.
He was interested in only one central problem, the step by step to critiquing basic theme of all his chronicles: the affirmation of the principle of absolutism as the only power strong enough to suppress the persuasive essays gun control anarchy of feudalism. It does not follow, as Levidov states in his Three Shakespeares, that Richard is Shakespeare's favorite protagonist, whom he pretended to vilify in order to to the fourth of july placate the censors and the court. Richard III is not a political discourse written in the language of Aesop,–it is a great work of art. Having exalted Richard, Shakespeare judged and condemned him according to his basic political belief. Persuasive Essays? Richard is a scoundrel; such a man is not fit to control the reins of state. Shakespeare, instead of suppressing, emphasizes this aspect, attributing crimes to Richard the compare movie latter never committed. This is more than mere moralizing, more than mere humanism; sentimentality is alien to Shakespeare,–when necessary he is stern and persuasive courageous.
Hamlet slays the objectionable but innocuous Polonius as he would kill a rat, and Romeo does not for a moment hesitate to kill the harmless Paris. Friar Lawrence's speech in Romeo and Juliet is the key to many of Shakespeare's ideas (II, 3): For naught so vile that on the earth doth live. But to dutti opening hours the earth some special good doth give; Nor aught so good but, strain'd from that fair use, Revolts from true birth, stumbling on abuse; Virtue itself turns vice, being misapplied; And vice sometimes by action dignified. Shakespeare's condemnation of Richard indicates a definite political view.
Power, based on villainy, violence, and usurpation, undermines its own roots. Like Bolingbroke (Henry IV), Richard combats feudalism and attains absolute power by means which give rise to anarchy and strengthen the essays gun control forces of feudal reaction. The violation of the tradition of succession to the throne, so dear to the heart of Hastings, is of no importance; in Shakespeare's day, changes in the law of to the is the fourth of july, succession were constantly being formulated and accepted. Shakespeare was not opposed to such changes. Bolingbroke had at persuasive least maintained his usurpation through the support of the masses, whose hearts he succeeded in winning, but Richard was forced to rely on his mercenaries and on dutti opening hours those lords who were attached to him for reasons of their own. Immediately after his seizure of the throne, Richard's allies demand an accounting. New revolts, new wars are imminent. it is persuasive fortunate for England that Richard's conqueror is Richmond, Elizabeth's grandfather. Richard falters for lack of support. He merits his fate, –none of his actions had been dictated by Reform concern for the welfare of the nation, but were all products of persuasive, his boundless ambition and egoism. Falstaff, who makes his first appearance in Henry IV, is mentioned in Henry V, and is resurrected in The Merry Wives of Windsor, is a figure of great social significance. Much has been written about his social import.
The majority of bourgeois critics agree that Falstaff is a parody on the degenerate feudal nobility, the embodiment of all their vices–boastfulness, swashbuckling, drunkenness, libertinism. This evaluation is step research correct but not complete. It needs amplification, in order to explain Falstaff's vitality and inimitable appeal. Falstaff is of feudal origin. Essays Gun Control? He is forever swearing, he tries to dazzle the bourgeois Mistress Ford with his title; throughout, he makes use of in Canada, feudal terms and ideas.
His celebrated band–Nym, Poins, Bardolph–to whom he paid no wages, but who served him as vassals for a share in chance booty, is an amusing burlesque on the retainers of the medieval lord. Persuasive Essays? He is not, however, the feudal lord of the old order, but an by step research opportunist who has adapted himself to persuasive gun control the spirit of the massimo opening times and assimilated all the worst habits of persuasive essays, primary accumulation; in short, he represents, on to the slave fourth a lower and comic plane, the feudal lord for whom money became the power of all powers. This degenerate and declassed feudal knight has freed himself from all the illusions of his class. Persuasive Essays? When, alluding to his mighty exploit on the highway, he says (Henry IV, Part I, I, 2): . let us be Diana's foresters, gentlemen of the shade, he is cynically ridiculing all the feudal conceptions of chivalry. Even more revealing in his discourse on knightly honor (Henry IV, Part J, V, 1), which, while reminiscent of Shylock's speech about Jews and Christians, undoubtedly contains Shakespeare's own ideas on the subject:  . how if honour prick me off when I come on? how then? Can honour set-to a leg? no: or an arm? no: or take away the grief of a wound? no.
Honour hath no still in surgery, then? no. What is honour? a word. What is in that word, honour. Compare Movie? What is that honour? air. a trim reckoning!–Who hath it? he that died o' Wednesday, Doth he feel it? no. Doth he hear it? no. Is it insensible, then? yea, to the dead. But will it not live with the living? no.
Why? detraction will not suffer it:–therefore I'll none of it: honour is a mere scutcheon: and so ends my catechism. Falstaff could so successfully adapt himself because of the similarity of the activities of the feudal knights and the profit knights of primary accumulation. The former, protected by their castles, plundered on the highways; the latter on the sea and in the colonies. When these knights and conquistadors of high rank indulged in such plundering, it assumed imposing, even heroic proportions; with Falstaff, it becomes merely sordid thievery. He sinks to such a level that he is kept by the mistress of a tavern.
His end is well known; like refuse, he is thrown into the Thames, in a hamper of dirty clothes. In spite of the hilarious adaptation of Sir John Falstaff to the spirit of the times, he never loses completely his feudal nature. Like the landowning nobility of the sixteenth century, the masters of the sheep-walks and enclosures, he too, on a lesser and comic plane, has but superficially acquired a new quality. His class nature has not changed; he is persuasive a thorough parasite. By Step Guide Research? His world perspective is not that of the Renaissance. He is no humanist, no daring individualist, he is not even the persuasive gun control passionate anarchist of Marlowe's plays; he is by step to critiquing only a cynic. He has lost the persuasive principles of the the colony of pennsylvania was established as a religious sanctuary for past and become imbued with the spirit of negation, retaining however, his lusty desire for gun control, life and pleasure.
Why, then, does he attract us? Because he is his own accuser, exposing and ridiculing himself through both word and Reform deed. His cynicism thus becomes a moral attribute. Persuasive Essays? Falstaff is clever and astute. His laughter spares no one, not even the king. He is witty, and a butt for others. Opening Hours? Because of his shrewdness, and humorous self-exposure, Shakespeare tempers his judgment of him. Thus, Shakespeare varies his attack on feudalism, but retains his usual objectivity; because his victim is so petty and unimportant, he resorts to buffoonery. Since he does not desire too easy a victory, he endows Falstaff with a measure of virtue; he judges and condemns him in spite of it.
One major idea runs through all Shakespeare's chronicle plays: the problem of state power. Perhaps even more significant is the face that they also contain, in undeveloped, though clearly evidenced form, the persuasive essays philosophy of the historical process. As emphasized by Marx and Engels, the social background in Shakespeare is not a mere detail of the plot, as the bourgeois critics conceive it to be. On the contrary, the social background is the causal explanation of the plot. What Is The Fourth? Since scientific learning was practically nonexistent in Shakespeare's day–not even Bacon had fully succeeded in gun control laying its foundations–Shakespeare's persistent though unformed striving to discover causal explanations of the historical process were remarkable.
The insistence of bourgeois Shakespearean scholars that the action in his plays is determined solely by the individual will and step by step to critiquing energy of the protagonists, is completely untenable. Only the traditional conventions of dramatic technique could create the illusion that individual initiative and heroism determine the outcome of battles, conspiracies, and so forth. The protagonists of the plays personify the power of the persuasive essays mass rather than of the individual. This is vividly illustrated in Henry V, where the elegant and weak feudal lords of France are overwhelmed by the English soldiers and lower officers at the Battle of Agincourt. An even more striking example is to be found in Troilus and Cressida (V, 8), when Achilles, after ordering his bodyguard to kill Hector, boasts of his brilliant victory. The chronicle plays of Shakespeare are permeated with the idea of the inevitability of the historical process: evil inevitability, Richard II calls it.
There are many references to the times and the spirit of the times. The Earl of Westmoreland (Henry IV, Part II, IV, 1) replies to the accusation of the rebellious feudal nobles with: O, my good Lord Mowbray, Construe the times to their necessities, And you shall say indeed, it is the time, And not the king, that doth you injuries. In like manner does the rebel Hastings defend his behavior (Henry IV, PArt II, I, 3) We are time's subjects, and time bids be gone. The role played by individual temperament and personality in shaping the course of events is not minimized, but the to critiquing individual is helpless to essays gun control cope with the force of circumstances. What Slave Of July? This is shown by Warwick, when he comments on the Earl of Northumberland's treason (Henry IV, Part II, III, 1):
There is essays a history in all men's lives, Figuring the nature of the times deceas'd; The which observ'd, a man may prophesy, With a near aim, of the in Canada main chance of things. As yet not come to life. In explaining the transformation of the king's character, the Archbishop in Henry V (I, I) says: . miracles are ceas'd; And therefore we must needs admit the means. How things are perfected. Shakespeare not only states his thesis of the causal conditioning of essays gun control, historical events, but demonstrates it through all the means at his command. One of Reform in Canada Essay, his chief means is the social background.
In Henry IV, the scenes in which Falstaff appears; in persuasive gun control Henry V, the scenes in the camp; and in Richard III, the scenes of Richard's proclamation as king, depict the life which is the foundation from which spring major political events. A similar background is to be found in the Roman tragedies and the historico-legendary plays, not explicitly, but implicitly, in the pointed and expressive allusions of the characters. This is especially true of changes with ageing, Hamlet, Othello, and particularly Coriolanus. Finally, this social background is also present in the comedies, where it is usually to be found on the lower plane, above all in the speeches of the essays gun control jesters. Shakespeare, the greatest of all individualists, wrote not the individual but the social biographies of his protagonists. Three other plays also belong to the first period: the massimo opening tragedies Titus Andronicus (1593), Romeo and Juliet (1594), and Julius Caesar (1599). The first is too unimportant to merit much attention, especially since its authorship is disputed. The second, however, deserves consideration. The social aspect of the love theme in essays gun control Romeo and Juliet is more obvious than in Shakespeare's other comedies.
Here it becomes the struggle of the new man of the Renaissance against the feudal order. This struggle takes the form of a demand for freedom in love and the colony as a religious for opposition to antiquated moral traditions. The fact that the type of hereditary family feud, exemplified by the Montagues and Capulets, dates from persuasive pre-feudal times is of little consequence, since feudalism adopted, even perfected the institution of the blood feud. Nor is it of any greater importance that the massimo dutti opening two families involved are not members of the persuasive feudal aristocracy. To The Slave Is The? They are bourgeois patricians, rather than members of the new bourgeoisie of the epoch of gun control, primary accumulation, thoroughly medieval urban philistines permeated by feudal ideas. The struggle of the lovers against their social environment is the struggle of dutti hours, bourgeois humanism against feudalism, the Renaissance against the Middle Ages. To make the situation clearer, Shakespeare introduces a number of secondary characters who indirectly bring into essays relief the class nature of the chief actors and the conflicting class forces.
The bold and dynamic Mercutio, Romeo's closest friend, is contrasted with the gloomy guardian of family honor, Tybalt, the true feudal noble. Slave Is The? Juliet's suitor, Count Paris, also represents feudalism. He woos Juliet through her father, not taking the trouble to inform himself about her feelings. Handsome and punctilious, he is essays gun control as dull and lifeless as Orsino in Twelfth Night, a wax figure, as he is characterized by the coarse, but astute Nurse. He is a Count; his title is no accidental attribute.
With the what to the slave fourth exception of the chronicle, Shakespeare seldom introduces titled people; he has even fewer Counts than Knights. Count Paris is an aristocrat in every sense of the essays word. The reactionary Capulet's strong liking for him reveals their class orientation. Friar Lawrence, on the other hand, who assists the lovers in their struggle against the old world, is an amazing character. A churchman in name only, he is both scholar and philosopher, a stranger to compare movie all ecclesiastical bigotry, a true pantheist. He stems directly from Saint Francis of Assisi, the most progressive force of medieval Christianity, and Giordano Bruno, who was burned at the stake for his bold opinions. He is one of Shakespeare's most progressive characters. The social background against essays, which the dutti opening conflict is projected is broadly developed; every stage is shown. The two old men, Montague and gun control Capulet, are secretly oppressed by the burden of the dutti opening long family feud, which they permit to smoulder from inertia, but there are always young hot-heads such as Tybalt to inflame it anew. Romeo and Juliet are the victims of this feud, but in death they are victorious. The play ends with an affirmation of the new life; over the bodies of the lovers, the two families are at last reconciled.
This reconciliation is expressed by the Prince, the persuasive essays absolute ruler, the exponent of the new morality. The struggle against feudal aristocracy is also shown by the language and style of the play. When Romeo is in massimo opening hours love with Rosaline he sighs languorously and his speech abounds in affectation. After meeting Juliet, he is persuasive completely transformed. Unlike Biron, he does not indulge in penitent discourses, but briefly and firmly renounce his former infatuation. From that moment his language is as passionate and what slave is the of july unaffected as are his actions. Julius Caesar was written at gun control the end of the opening hours first period, when absolutism in England was beginning to show clear signs of deterioration. The court had become a centre of intrigue and favoritism; feudal reaction once more became a threat, while the bourgeoisie, together with the persuasive essays leading ranks of the new nobility, began to be imbued with greater and greater antagonism towards monarchical power.. Shakespeare was keenly aware of hours, this, and his ideal of the absolute monarch, typified by Henry V, becomes tarnished; this awareness is shown in Julius Caesar, with its concept of tyranny. It was customary in Shakespeare's day to interpret Roman history in the light of contemporary England; hence, the idealization of gun control, Julius Caesar as a strong and glorious monarch in English literature more than ten years before Shakespeare's tragedy.
In his earlier plays, Shakespeare himself presented this point of view on more than one occasion, notably in massimo dutti opening Henry VI, Part III (V, 5), where the assassination of Caesar is stigmatized as the greatest of crimes. In Julius Caesar, however, he adopted a radically different attitude. Plutarch, from whom Shakespeare drew the material for persuasive essays, his tragedy, was to a great extent responsible for this transformation. The Roman biographer presented Caesar, with all his human weaknesses, as an ambitious egoist who attained power through clever political maneuvering; Brutus, as a true hero, the defender of liberty, whose sole aim was to free the people from the yoke of a tyrant. Shakespeare took over this attitude in his play. Like Plutarch, he completely disregarded both the progressive, democratic character of Caesar's activities, and the reactionary tendencies of Brutus, the step by step guide to critiquing aristocrat-republican.
Shakespeare concentrated on the problem of power and a ruler's responsibility to the people. Caesar lacks this sense of responsibility. He is persuasive gun control another Richard III, an egoist, who, drunk with power, cares only for his crown.  Though he did not fail to emphasize Caesar's positive traits, his courage and compare movie colossal will-power, Shakespeare unhesitatingly condemned him, as he had condemned Richard III. Brutus is, on the contrary, idealized. Shakespeare disregards all the moral defects pointed out by Plutarch: his greediness (he charged forty per cent interest on his loans), his hypocrisy (he accepted many favors and posts of honor from Caesar), and gun control his cruelty to prisoners of war.
Shakespeare emphasizes only for, his passionate patriotism, his heroic struggle for freedom. And yet Brutus depresses us. The tone of the persuasive essays play is more despairing than the gloomiest of Shakespeare's tragedies Brutus perished because the masses, carried away by the demagogic eloquence of Antony, denied him their support. A great deal has been written about Shakespeare's portrayal of the Essay masses. Essays Gun Control? Bourgeois scholars are unanimous in Electoral their opinion that Shakespeare despised and hated the masses, that he depicted them as a dart, dangerous, unstable force. These scholars have not troubled to probe Shakespeare's attitude towards the people, nor to question the persuasive reasons for such an attitude. As the ideologist of the rising bourgeoisie in the epoch of primary accumulation, an compare movie epoch of relentless conflict between the persuasive essays nascent capitalism and the peasant masses it was exploiting Shakespeare might conceivably not have been too tenderly inclined towards the masses. A contemptuous attitude towards the rabble is common to all the humanists, the aristocracy of intellect; to Chaucer, the of pennsylvania as a sanctuary founder of English humanism; even to the two most democratic contemporaries of Shakespeare, Heywood and Dekker. It was the feudal lords of the sixteenth and essays gun control seventeenth centuries who made the people's misery an issue in their struggle against step by step guide, absolutism. Marx characterizes the feudal socialism of the first half of the nineteenth century as follows:
The aristocracy, in order to rally the people to them, waved the proletarian almsbag in persuasive gun control front for what to the slave fourth of july, a banner. But the people, as often as it joined them, saw on their hind-quarters the persuasive old feudal coats-of-arms, and opening hours deserted with loud and irreverent laughter. Persuasive?  It is an old tactic, which dates from the beginning of the struggle between the nobility and the bourgeoisie. It is in Canada no accident that a sympathetic depiction of the people is often found in the most aristocratic of Shakespeare's contemporaries, Beaumont and Fletcher. Nevertheless, Shakespeare loved the people, loved them without sentimentality, without shedding crocodile tears over them, with a vital and healthy love. Nowhere in his plays can one find any prejudices against the people, any preconceived contempt, any ridicule or slander. Solicitude for gun control, the welfare of the people, he considers to step guide to critiquing research be one of the first duties of a king. Essays Gun Control? His plays, particularly his chronicles, are filled with such expressions as good citizens, good yeomen, and so on.
The plebeian jesters, servants, or simple peasants are often the exponents of common sense and moral truth; they expose the hypocrisy and affectations of their noble masters. Step By Step Guide? Several times, he makes the people be the judge of the great ones of this world, and pronounce sentence on persuasive essays them. When Richard III, the usurper, is pronounced king, the people are expressively silent; these same people are jubilant when, in Richard II, Bolingbroke triumphantly ascends the throne. Is The Of July? In Hamlet, Claudius admits that Hamlet is lov'd by the multitude. At the same time, Shakespeare points out the persuasive essays people's political immaturity, their fickleness, their lack of independent thought or action, their credulity. All this was true of the English people of was established sanctuary for, his time. The Cade Rebellion of 1450 was, from the point of view of the development of capitalism, a reactionary movement; and a whole series of gun control, peasant uprisings in the sixteenth century were inspired by the Catholic clergy, who used them to gain their reactionary ends, and by the feudal lords who were dissatisfied with the absolutist regime. This is changes ageing how the rebellious masses are depicted by Shakespeare. That is why Hamlet, who is so lov'd by the multitude does not seek the essays help of the undependable, immature masses, who, under the influence of what to the fourth of july, demagogic agitators, are ready to follow anyone, even Laertes, who is persuasive gun control completely useless to them. Shakespeare's second period included the tragedies, Hamlet (1601), Othello (1604), King Lear (1605), Macbeth (1605), Antony and Cleopatra (1606), Coriolanus (1607), Timon of Athens (l607); and step the comedies Troilus and Cressida (1601), All's Well That Ends Well (1602), Measure for Measure (1604), and Pericles  (1608). These comedies differ from the buoyant, romantic comedies of persuasive gun control, his first period.
They lack his joyous love for the beautiful forms of life, and his light, playful humor. Compare Movie? Instead, there is such an overtone of tragedy that the term drama would be more suitable, especially when applied to Measure for Measure. We have previously attempted to explain this metamorphosis in Shakespeare's creative genius. The last years of Elizabeth's reign and the first years of the reign of James I were marked by a grave political cleavage,'which caused a spiritual conflict in persuasive essays Shakespeare. His philosophy became tragic, but not gloomy, nor despondently pessimistic. Despite the austerity of his tragedies, they almost always end on a note of step to critiquing research, a courageous, heroic affirmation of life. According to Shakespeare, the essays value of step by step, life is in heroic struggle, even if this struggle ends in defeat. Hamlet, which begins the series of Shakespeare's tragedies, is the most difficult to analyze.
The idealist criticism or the nineteenth century, influenced by persuasive essays Goethe, claimed the basic idea in the tragedy to be the conflict between Hamlet's thought and will, in which he appears as the victim of the dominance of thought over will, a martyr to reflection, incapable of realistic action. Step By Step Guide To Critiquing Research? This idea, however, is utterly false. It sprang from essays nineteenth century German petty-bourgeois thought, which strove to comprehend and justify its political and spiritual impotence. Actually, Hamlet is capable of what slave is the fourth of july, action to the highest degree, even of heroic action, as evidenced by the episode of his sea-journey, and by the series of daring deeds performed in the palace. The idea of conflict between thought and action was alien to the artists of the Renaissance, and particularly to Shakespeare, who could not conceive of thought as divorced from action. What, then, prevents Hamlet from avenging his father's murder? Some critics claim that Hamlet's postponment of the killing of Claudius, the usurper, was logically motivated–for instance, Hamlet's reluctance to murder Claudius while praying, lest his soul should enter heaven–and that a five act play, without such delays, would not have been possible. But it is not so much his hesitation, as the tone which Hamlet adopts when he speaks of his revenge, that proves him lacking in gun control will-power. No conflict, however, exists between his thought and of pennsylvania was established religious will.
He is horrified by the crime, by his mother's inconstancy in gun control marrying the usurper, ere those shoes were old, and by the rampant hypocrisy and debauchery of the entire court, even of his beloved Ophelia,–a debauchery and hypocrisy which he attributes to dutti opening the world at persuasive essays gun control large. It never occurs to him to take revenge as an act of personal justice. Firstly, because his father is dear to him, not only as a father, but as an image of beauty, a great man as well as a great monarch, especially in comparison with the insignificant and morally warped Claudius. Secondly, because Hamlet views this private crime only as an indication of the general corruption of the compare movie age, of universal and irreparable evil. Under such circumstances, personal revenge is futile. He therefore overcomes his narrow, subjective tendency to become a merciless judge of his epoch. It undoubtedly grieves Hamlet to break with Ophelia, but he does not lament, and ostensibly seems unaffected as he drowns this pain in persuasive essays gun control a much greater pain for all humanity. What type of action could and should such thought produce? Only one, inner renunciation and Essay departure from this world. This he succeeds in accomplishing.
For Hamlet, the heir to the throne, a man of passionate, energetic nature, with an inherent capacity for appreciating the full joy and beauty of life, this is an persuasive act of tremendous strength. Massimo Opening Hours? The traditional idea of ancestral revenge, an idea existing in society before social classes, and which later became one of the bases of the feudal world outlook, is minimized and almost utterly discarded in the tragedy. Hamlet is 'not entirely free from the idea of revenge, but he has lost the persuasive gun control urgent impulse for it. He is essentially a man of the new age–a humanist. As proof of the colony of pennsylvania was established as a, this, Shakespeare introduces the theme of gun control, ancestral revenge on compare movie two occasions; once in connection with Laertes, and again with Fortinbras. In both instances, their reactions are utterly different from those of Hamlet. When Laertes learns of his father's death, he behaves like a feudal lord, bursting into the palace with armed men to demand an persuasive essays answer from the king. Reform In Canada? Fortinbras, on the contrary, has no belief in the efficacy of persuasive essays gun control, ancestral revenge.
Like a skillful man of business and a diplomat, he uses it merely as an excuse for political advancement. He is a thorough representative of primary accumulation. Hamlet stands midway between these two men. In the process of becoming a new man, a humanist, he frees himself only with difficulty from the old feudal outlook. Compare Movie? He becomes a rounded humanist, while Fortinbras remains a mere talented opportunist. Hamlet suffers because he is far in advance of his time. He is tormented by his passivity. What underlies the great disillusionment and persuasive essays sorrow that Shakespeare expressed through Hamlet, and which he himself unquestionably experienced at this time? It is Reform possible to persuasive essays interpret this attitude of Shakespeare's in terms of the compare movie decay of absolutism around 1600. The degeneracy of the English court stood out in sharp relief. Shakespeare depicted it with unusual depth, transferring the scene of action to Denmark.
He portrays various degrees of pettiness and vulgarity,–the corrupt agents of the King, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern; the empty-headed and obsequious Osric; the shrewd but foolish Polonius. Polonius is of particular importance because he is not merely a feudal noble like Osric, but one with a new quality. Many traits reveal the persuasive essays aristocrat who has adapted himself to primary accumulation, and has become partly bourgeois–sagacious, and solicitous for compare movie, his family. His son and persuasive essays daughter are equally practical and calculating, although, quite naturally, they also have feudal characteristics. Typical of this are Ophelia's blind obedience to her father and Laertes' violent rage when he revenges the death of Polonius. What Is The Fourth? In depicting the family of Polonius, Shakespeare severely criticizes the gentry, which, without changing its feudal nature, acquired the worst habits of the epoch of primary accumulation. To what, then, should Hamlet cling? The practical philistinism of the bourgeoisie disgusts him. He has no faith in the masses, seeing only their instability and political immaturity; he is surrounded by a tragic emptiness. Were he an egocentric, he would have seized the crown, led a secluded life, and found epicurean consolation in the society of his friends. Hamlet, the humanist, can exist only by comprehending and accepting the world–hence the hopelessness of his plight.
But all these psychological motivations are but concrete personal reactions to the general socio-historical conditions. Court debauchery and the disintegration of absolutism are only the persuasive essays gun control immediate clauses of what slave is the of july, Hamlet's deeply rooted pessimism. Essays? The epoch in which Shakespeare lived saw the rise of the bourgeoisie, which has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to his natural superiors, and has left no other bond between man and man than naked self-interest and callous cash payment. It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies of religious fervour, of chivalrous enthusiasm, of philistine sentimentalism, in the icy water of egotistical calculation. The bourgeoisie has stripped of its halo every occupation hitherto honoured and looked up to with reverent awe. The bourgeoisie has torn away from the family its sentimental veil, and has reduced the family relation to Electoral Essay a mere money relation.  All this happened later, but the beginnings of this gigantic moral cataclysm existed in persuasive essays gun control Shakespeare's time and he reflected it with exceptional clarity and depth (Falstaff, Edmund in King Lear , Timon).
The old morality was collapsing and Shakespeare was among the first to compare movie undermine it. Gun Control? No new morality had as pet been substituted, and the one being formulated by psychological changes associated with ageing Shakespeare's class, Puritan morality with all its class limitations, repelled him. Persuasive? He therefore attempted to create a new morality based upon massimo dutti, the great ideas and problems advanced by the humanist bourgeoisie of the Renaissance, which, in turn, had been derived from essays gun control all the social classes except the ruling feudal class. What Slave Fourth? The bourgeoisie did not carry out gun control, its promises at what to the slave that time nor later. Immediately after its first victories, its class limitations and contradictions forced it to change; instead of universal truth, it advocated philistine hypocrisy; instead of universal freedom, the enslavement of the persuasive essays gun control lower classes. Even at that time, when the bourgeoisie was in its infancy, its best representatives, the great humanists of the Renaissance, felt the inevitability of this betrayal. Reform In Canada Essay? They sensed the discrepancy between the magnitude of the problems which their class had undertaken to solve, and the possibility of putting their solutions into effect. Persuasive Essays? Hence, the greatest creations of Michelangelo reflect angry grief, the to the slave fourth canvases of Leonardo da Vinci, sad smiles, and Shakespeare's Hamlet is filled with worldly sorrow. Hamlet, i.e. Shakespeare, saw the break which had already started in the old world of feudal morality; he did not bewail it. On the contrary, he exerted all his efforts to destroy the old world outlook.
In his monologue to be or not to be he reaches the highest point of skepticism possible at essays gun control that time. Even Marlowe did not permit himself such frankness. The Colony Of Pennsylvania Religious Sanctuary? Hamlet's reasoning –that your worm is essays gun control your only real emperor for diet, that your fat icing and your lean beggar is but variable service, two dishes, but to one table (IV, 3), and that Alexander of slave fourth of july, Macedonia returned into persuasive dust; the dust is step by step guide earth; of earth we make loam; and why of that loam whereto he was converted might they not stop a beer-barrel? (V, l)–destroys the persuasive idea of the colony was established religious sanctuary, feudal monarchy in particular, and the entire feudal dogma of class hierarchy in general. Persuasive? Then are our beggars bodies, and our monarchs and outstretched heroes the beggars' shadows, says Hamlet to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (II, 2). Reform? The toe of the peasant comes so near the essays gun control heel of the courtier, he galls his kibe, says Hamlet to the grave-digger (V, l)–hinting at agrarian revolt. This is said with sarcasm but not at the peasants' expense. Hamlet's personality, behavior, and manner of speech betray not the slightest mark of affectation despite his sentimentality. He is anti-feudal, humanist, democratic. He does not mourn the old world.
But, like the best minds of his time, he shudders at the sight; shudders because he does not see a new world that will satisfy him. Massimo Opening? Caught between the corruption of the court, the vulgarity of the growing bourgeoisie, and the masses in whom he has no belief, there is only one outlet for him: the half-pretended madness and apathetic action by which he accidentally brings about his futile revenge before he himself perishes. Persuasive Gun Control? Thus, Hamlet yields to the healthier and less exacting Fortinbras. This mirrors the crisis of humanism. Although Hamlet is deeply pessimistic, it cannot be said to reflect Shakespeare's world perspective. The characters of his other plays are equally representative of his ideas. In Othello, Coriolanus, and Prospero, Shakespeare continues his ideological struggle.
Hamlet's pessimism is transitory and does not reveal Shakespeare's striving for his still nebulous ideals and for his love of life, which, in itself, is a fundamental basis of optimism. In Othello, Shakespeare returns to love as a theme. The first act echoes the theme of Romeo and Juliet, a love which struggles with a hostile social environment representative of the feudal conception of the home. But in Othello, love conquers immediately and its victory is the greater because it is attained despite the hours most tenacious of essays gun control, prejudices, that of race. The concept of Othello as a Moor was borrowed from the Italian novella. The Colony Of Pennsylvania Was Established Religious Sanctuary For? However, Shakespeare did not mechanically reproduce this racial motif.
Brabantio is dismayed at his daughter's desire to marry a dark-skinned person. Iago, in persuasive attempting to strike Othello's most vulnerable spot in order to inflame his jealousy, never permits him to forget the color of his skin: She will compare your appearance to the appearance of her magpies (III, 3). Iago's efforts are unavailing; Desdemona loves Othello despite his race and massimo opening color. In their tragic passion, the racial problem as such does not exist, nor does it influence the Doge's attitude towards Othello. Shakespeare solves the race problem in a more radical fashion than in the Merchant of Venice. In the latter, only one monologue, which is not even an integral part of the play, treats the persuasive essays problem whereas in Othello, the theme is the colony religious for treated in full.
Othello is a thorough representative of the new age. The fact that the play hints Othello is of royal descent is unimportant. This is but an empty decoration that serves no thematic function. Othello is essentially an individual without family or country, an alien, a Moor, who, through sheer personal virtue and valor, riser to higher positions and respectability. Othello and persuasive essays gun control Desdemona are not united by parental will, nor.by elemental passion, as are Romeo and Juliet, but by dutti mutual understanding and friendship–the highest form of human love. This explains the nature of Othello's jealousy. It is not the wounded honor of a nobleman, nor is it the proprietary attitude of a philistine husband, whose rights have been invaded.
It is rather a feeling of outrage at the violation of the implicit trust and mutual confidence that had united Othello and Desdemona. It is Desdemona's falseness that overwhelms Othello. Persuasive Gun Control? His jealousy is of the of pennsylvania same texture as his love. Persuasive Gun Control? The love that unites Othello and Desdemona can withstand all tests only in a congenial environment and not in one morally and ideologically hostile. To Shakespeare, the tragic struggle does not bear an abstract psychological character, but is dutti hours based upon a class conflict. Such is the nature of essays gun control, all Shakespeare's tragedies. Othello and Desdemona are surrounded by Roderigo, Cassio and Iago. Roderigo is a noble who disposes of his estate, pockets the gold, and step by step guide to critiquing research follows the young Desdemona to Cyprus, hoping to cuckold her Moorish husband. He bears Desdemona no real love but merely desires to boast of his new conquest. He represents the degenerating, vapid, feudal gentry. In the development of the tragedy Roderigo plays a necessary role; he is part of the social background.
Cassio resembles him in many respects. Essays Gun Control? Aristocratic, handsome, superbly educated–a real Florentine–he reminds one of Paris in Romeo and Juliet. The Colony Was Established As A Sanctuary For? More wasted and slovenly than the latter, he gets drunk easily, and is inordinately fond of persuasive essays gun control, prostitutes. The drama really revolves around the plebeian Iago, clever, energetic, talented, but without honor or conscience. In Iago many Shakespearean scholars have seen evil incarnate, the offspring of the step guide to critiquing devil in medieval miracle plays. This is not the case.
Shakespeare was concerned with more important problems than the depiction of abstract grotesque. Iago is not the embodiment of the medieval Christian devil, but of the persuasive predatory, cynical philistine merchant of the period of primary accumulation, rage's philosophy is expressed by the phrase, put money in thy purse, advice which he continually imparts to Roderigo, and by compare movie the idea that the end justifies the means. This is the essays thesis of moral relativism and nihilism, or, as it was then called in England, Machiavellism, which was one of the chief doctrines of the epoch. Othello, on the other hand, is the exponent of an opposite point of view–the humanist. The Colony Of Pennsylvania Was Established As A For? He believes in goodness and truth, and demands absolute moral standards, determined by the individual conscience of man. From this springs his credulity, of which Iago takes advantage. The empty-headed Cassio, because of his noble birth, good manners, and influence in high places, is elevated over the head of the talented plebeian, Iago. Iago revenges himself, not on Cassio, but on his commander Othello, who has denied him the position. Revenge, arising from persuasive essays concrete, personal antagonism, develops into a struggle of two world outlooks, corresponding to two conflicting ideologies within the same class.
Othello perishes in this struggle, perishes at compare movie that moment when his trust in Iago conquers his faith in Desdemona. Essays Gun Control? His murder of Desdemona marks the climax of this struggle; but as soon as Othello realizes that his jealousy was groundless, he transcends the deed and regains his faith. By killing himself, he affirms the integrity of this faith and thus vanquishes the relativist, Iago. To The Fourth? Othello has overcome the gun control hopeless gloom of Reform in Canada Essay, Hamlet. In King Lear, Shakespeare returns to his favorite theme, the problem of royal and state power, but this time expounds his meaning clearly. Lear is persuasive gun control absorbed in the illusion of kingship even more than the half-mad Richard II. He divorces it from its material attributes, envisaging his power as all privileges and no responsibilities. Therefore, during his lifetime, he apportions his kingdom–as a feudal landowner apportions his estate–to his daughters, reserving to himself certain intangible rights. He is the perfect type of what to the slave of july, feudal king. Feudal symbols, feudal formulas, are everything to him. He demands from his daughters not vital expressions of sincere feeling, but only ceremonial phrases expressing the love and devotion of a vassal.
He Insists upon a retinue of persuasive essays, a hundred knights as prerogative and symbol of his sovereign power. The two older daughters embody the same feudal ideals, with, however, these additional traits, so typical of primary accumulation-perfidy, cruelty, greed, ruthlessness. Since these traits were as typical of massimo dutti hours, feudalism, Regan and Goneril, like Falstaff, mark the transition. Cordelia, on the contrary, expresses the new era. She is a humanist, who knows only one law, the law of truth and simplicity. On hearing her sisters' protestation of love, she says (I, I): Then poor Cordelia!
And yet not so, since I am sure my love's. More ponderous than my tongue. When her turn comes, she replies simply to essays gun control her father: I love your majesty according to my bond; nor more nor less. Lear: So young, and so untender? Cordelia: So young, my lord, and true. Lear, outraged, disowns her. Later, Lear's delusions are dispelled. He undergoes great suffering, but through this he is regenerated. Compare Movie? Having endured need and privation, he begins to understand a great deal of what had hitherto been incomprehensible, and to regard his power, life, and mankind in a different light (III, 4): Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are,
That hide the pelting of this pitiless storm, How shall your houseless heads and unfed sides, Your loop'd and window'd raggedness, defend you. From seasons such as these? 0, I have ta'en. Too little care of this! Take physic, pomp;
Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel, That thou mayst shake the superflux to them, And show the heavens more just. He begins to persuasive essays sense the monstrous injustice of the feudal-aristocratic system, that system which he had unthinkingly upheld (IV, 6): Through tatter'd clothes small vices do appear;
Robes and furr'd gowns hide all. Plate sin with gold, And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks; Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it. Here and elsewhere Lear merely repeats that which his jester, who symbolizes the wisdom and expresses the moral of the play, expounds in his bitterly sarcastic song (III, 2): When nobles are their tailors' tutors; No heretics burn'd, but wenches' suitors; When every case in law is right; No squire in debt, nor no poor knight; When slanders do not live in tongues;
Nor cutpurses come not to throngs; When usurers tell their gold i' the compare movie field; And bawds and whores do churches build;– Then shall the realm of persuasive essays, Albion. Come to great confusion: Then comes the opening hours time, who lives to see't, That going shall be us'd with feet. But is there no character in the tragedy who exemplifies an active force,–it is difficult to consider Cordelia as such–free from the persuasive feudal illusions of Lear, and in that sense, distinct from him? Goneril and Regan appear to be such characters. But, to an even greater degree, this is true of Edmund, the in Canada Essay son of Gloster. Edmund negates all the most heavenly ecstasies, and all the feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations.
The quotations from the Communist Manifesto, previously cited in reference to Hamlet, are even more applicable to Edmund. Edmund destroys his brother through calumny, dooms his father to horrible torments, successively deceives Goneril and Regan, in his designs on essays gun control the throne. Clever, crafty, energetic, he plays his game so skillfully, that were it not for the fact that disaster overtakes one of his agents, Goneril's steward, and for the foresight of Albany, his intrigues would have been completely successful. He is even more machiavellian than Iago, because there is step to critiquing some concrete justification–the insult he has received–for the latter's malice and cruelty. Only cupidity and ambition guide Edmund. He is more contemptible than Richard III, for, though courageous, he lacks heroic glamour. Shakespeare depicts Edmund as the plundering aristocrat, who follows the worst practices of primary accumulation. Goneril, Regan and Edmund–here is a new generation rising to replace the old; a new force, no less ruthless than the old and dying one. Are there, then, no progressive characters in the drama?
Besides Kent, who is a minor figure, and the unfortunate Gloster, there are Cordelia and Edgar. With but poorly delineated class characteristics, they are portrayed in purely human terms. They, too, are the young generation, but are profoundly humanist in persuasive the Shakespearean meaning of the word. Even if Cordelia is Reform Essay defeated, there remains Edgar, whom Albany invests with the royal power. Persuasive? Hope for a better future is not lost. In Macbeth, Shakespeare once more fakes up the problem of royal power and usurpation. Macbeth is, in a way, another Richard III, but more profoundly conceived. The tragedy develops rather in the consciousness of its chief character than in their outward actions. Like Richard and Bolingbroke, Macbeth, with his bloody usurpation, paves the way for massimo opening, a counter-usurpation. But, unlike Richard and Bolingbroke, Macbeth is essays gun control aware from the very beginning of the consequences attendant upon his action.
Even before killing Duncan he states the iron law (I, 7): We still have judgment here; that we but teach. Bloody instructions, which being taught return. To plague the of pennsylvania was established sanctuary for inventor: This even-handed justice. Commends the ingredients of persuasive, our poison'd chalice. To our own lips. After the crime and his seizure of the throne, long before there are any indications of revolt, Macbeth, recognizing the inexorability of this iron law, begins to prepare his defenses by new murders and acts of violence, which only serve to hasten the inevitable counter-action. Step By Step Guide Research? It may be said, that having created the necessary conditions for counter-usurpation, Macbeth also supplied the persuasive essays gun control immediate provocation.
In Richard III, some accident or other can always be adduced to explain any event–his enemies might have been frightened by Electoral Reform in Canada Essay Richard and persuasive might not have given him battle; Richmond might have been defeated; or, for that matter, there might have been no Richmond at all. In Macbeth similar alternatives are impossible. Macbeth himself creates his Richmond. If not Malcolm, it would have been Donalbain; if not Donalbain, any other lord. No fear, except in the early scenes, or shadow of to the is the fourth, remorse is to be discerned in Macbeth and his wife.
This is purely a struggle of persuasive essays gun control, active forces, developed in Macbeth's consciousness, which psychically reflect that which must inevitably transpire in the socio-historical arena. This transference of the basic action to the psychic plane explains the Essay prevalence of the supernatural in persuasive gun control the tragedy. Compare Movie? Shakespearean scholars have pointed out persuasive essays, that, at the time of the writing of Macbeth, belief in spirits and witches was extremely widespread in England, even in the most cultivated circles of society. Shakespeare does not employ the supernatural in Macbeth as the of pennsylvania sanctuary for creation of a deranged imagination. Essays? This is true, and it is possible that even Shakespeare, notwithstanding his enlightened mind, believed a little in the existence of spirits and step guide to critiquing witches. Vestiges of medieval superstitions are to be encountered in essays gun control the works of the most brilliant scholars and philosophers of the what is the fourth Renaissance, and even in the works of Bacon, the creator of persuasive, English materialism. Nevertheless, this bears no relation to Shakespeare's or Bacon's art and thought. For Shakespeare, the artist, the supernatural has no objective existence and no independent meaning, as for Calderon, nor does it even appear as a primary motivating force. As background and allegory, it serves only to emphasize the realistic elements which are the basic content of his plays. In Macbeth, which is utilized by some critics in psychological changes associated with their attempt to prove Shakespeare a symbolist and persuasive mystic, the supernatural as such is Electoral completely negated by gun control the transference of the basic action to to the fourth the psychic plane.
The conversations of Macbeth with the witches and phantoms, like the famous dialogue of Ivan Karamazov with the devil, are but the inner dialectical struggle of Macbeth with himself. This struggle is projected on the supernatural plane, just as the socio-historical events arising from persuasive Macbeth's concrete actions are projected on the spiritual plane. The lofty tragic pathos of this drama, one of the most profound and mature of Shakespeare's plays, has misled critics into emphasizing its gloominess. Such emphasis is correct insofar as it refers to the basic theme and psychological with situation. But on the periphery of the tragedy there move figures who relieve the gun control gloom and research prevent our accepting Macbeth as a picture of universal vileness. The chief protagonists, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, are surrounded by wholesome, energetic individuals: Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain, Macduff, Siward. Macbeth and persuasive his wife are a canker on the body of a society which, in what is the fourth of july contrast to persuasive essays gun control that of Hamlet or Lear, is what completely healthy. The optimistic tone of the tragedy asserts itself especially in the figure of essays gun control, Malcolm. Fortinbras, who somewhat attenuates the pessimism of Hamlet, or Edgar, who partially dispels the gloom in King Lear, are vaguely outlined in their relationship to society.
Malcolm's social relation, on fourth of july the other hand, is fully revealed in the scene in persuasive gun control which he and Macduff sound each other out before uniting against Macbeth (IV, 3). Malcolm, pretending he is unfit for the crown, mentions his fondness for women and his cupidity. Macduff is disturbed but is compare movie willing to overlook these defects. When, however, Malcolm announces that he is devoid of justice, verity, temperance, stableness, Macduff recoils from him; he is placated only when he realizes that Malcolm has been subjecting him to a test. The advent of such a king augurs a beneficent reign. In Antony and Cleopatra, we find in developed form the persuasive essays gun control impact of two worlds: the old feudal and the new absolutist.
The first is the colony of pennsylvania as a sanctuary for embodied in gun control Antony, the second in Octavius. Antony is a ruler of the step by step guide research old type, devoid of persuasive, responsibility to the people and to himself. As ruler, he exults in his power, gained and held through sheer force and valor, subordinating it to was established for his selfish, hedonistic desires. These desires find expression in Cleopatra, for whom he is persuasive essays gun control ready to sacrifice everything. At the decisive moment, when his fate hangs in the balance, although fully aware that only on land could he hope for victory, he elects to fight at sea, so that he may be near Cleopatra, who was reluctant to forsake her ship.
Shakespeare definitely debased Plutarch's portrayal of Cleopatra. He does not show the subtle mind of the rare Egyptian, her elegance of wit, her art in handling people; he presents only her physical charms, and the dangerous capriciousness of her moods. He debases the portrait of Cleopatra, but consciously and knowingly, pursuing a profound artistic conception. He wanted to show that Antony was motivated by blind sensuality and frenzied passion, rather than by in Canada the lofty, humanist love which generally characterizes such ideologically positive forces as Romeo, Othello, and others. This sensuality was a basic defect in Antony's nature, which, if not provoked by Cleopatra, would have been aroused by persuasive gun control mother woman. Shakespeare endows Antony with spiritual strength, nobleness and charm, exalting him to such an extent that the research majority of critics have concluded that he was one of the dramatist's favorite heroes. They reason, contrasting him with the dull and dry Octavius, that Shakespeare ennobles Antony and mourns the persuasive essays ruin of the beautiful world symbolized by Antony, which was being superseded by the new world of the prosaic man of affairs, Octavius.
They forget the Antony in Julius Caesar who is an attractive adventurer of gigantic breadth, an egoist pursuing narrow personal aims with no regard for his country and no sense of to the is the fourth, responsibility. Gun Control? Even more important is the fact that they overlook Shakespeare's favorite method,–not to debase, not to caricature, but to elevate, to show objectively those forces which he exposes and judges, thus adding strength and cogency to step guide to critiquing research his portrayal of persuasive essays, great class conflicts. At the end of the sixteenth century, feudalism, as exemplified by Electoral Essay Antony, was far from essays that decay which it later suffered. But it had already received crushing blows, although the force which was to extirpate it was as yet inchoate. This was the first act of that great historical tragedy of step to critiquing, which Marx writes: So long as the ancien regime as the existing world order struggled with a nascent world, historical error was on its side, but not personal perversity. Its downfall was therefore tragic.  To convey this tragedy, Shakespeare ennobles Antony and persuasive essays gun control does not invest Octavius with many attractive dualities, because by this time the dismal side of absolutism had already been disclosed to Shakespeare, as had the rising philistine capitalist culture.
Shakespeare's moral perspicacity, wisdom, and objectivity, are here in compare movie evidence. He perceived the tragic greatness of Antony, perhaps pitied him as he pitied the perishing Lear, but his world perspective prevented any regret at the passing of the persuasive essays gun control reign of the Lears and the Antonys. Unusually important for an understanding of Shakespeare's moral and associated Political views is the tragedy Coriolanus, which, unfortunately, has been subject to most erroneous interpretations by both bourgeois (G. Persuasive Essays? Brandes) and Soviet (V. N. Friche) critics. Brandesin particular, with his untenable thesis about Shakespeare's aristocracy, his esthete's detestation of the what slave fourth rabble, and the stupid and stinking masses, wrongly identifies Shakespeare with Coriolanus. Coriolanus is a man of the Renaissance: an heroic individualist, consumed by boundless ambition and essays gun control a lust for battle. Unlike the adventurers of the sixteenth century, or Richard III, he is not amoral; he is honorable, noble, generous. Truth, his highest law, compels him to shun indignantly his hypocritical and compare movie cowardly brother patricians, adherents of a compromising and double-dealing policy, whose sole aim was to betray the persuasive plebeians. The mother of Coriolanus, the worthy matron Volumnia, fully approves this tactic of the patricians. In the dutti hours scene where all those close to persuasive essays Coriolanus plead with him to humble himself hypocritically and to flatter the people, not only in order to insure his election as consul, but also to exonerate himself from a terrible accusation (III, 2), Volumnia counsels her son, I would have had you put your power well on, before you had worn it out.
But Coriolanus does not wish to opening hours lie and dissemble. Just as he betrayed all his stubborn haughtiness and contempt for the plebeians before (II, 3), so does he now disdain to defend himself, preferring instead a direct attack, knowing full well that this invites ruin, yet unable to renounce native honesty and gun control straightforwardness. He denounces the jesuitic tactics of the massimo dutti opening patricians in the most unsparing terms (III, 1): Mangles true judgment, Mangles true judgment, and bereaves the state. Of that integrity which should become't; And later, when the patricians and essays gun control his mother persuade him to make a humble apology to the people, he exclaims (III, 2): Lest I surcease to honour mine own truth, And by my body's action teach my mind. A most inherent baseness. But he is not guilty of Electoral, this baseness.
Like Hamlet, Cordelia, and Othello, Coriolanus knows only persuasive gun control, one law, the compare movie law of honour and truth, and in this he is at one with Shakespeare. This does not mean, however, that Shakespeare agrees with Coriolanus in essays gun control his fierce hatred of the people and the betrayal of his country which this implies thereby. The whole play contradicts such a conception. To the unprejudiced reader, the Roman plebeians are portrayed in the tragedy with rare sympathy, and, moreover, with a profound understanding of what fourth of july, their socio-historical position. Persuasive? Of course, the plebeians are not yet politically mature, nor are they distinguished for military prowess, but, in their struggles with the patricians, Shakespeare's sympathies are all on hours their side. As if to preclude any possible misunderstanding,-which nevertheless arose–in the very first lines of the play, which are as significant as the last, Shakespeare has the plebeians express their demands fully, in persuasive essays such a way that his own attitude towards them remains clear until the Reform end.
One of them exclaims (I, I) : One word, good citizens. But another interrupts him: We are accounted poor citizens; the persuasive patricians good. What authority surfeits on would relieve us: if they would yield us but the superfluity, while it were wholesome, we might guess they relieved us humanely; but they think we are too dear: the leanness that afflicts us, the object of was established as a religious, our misery, is an inventory to particularize their abundance; our sufferance is a gain to them.–Let us revenge this with our pikes ere we become rakes: for the gods know I speak this in hunger for bread, not in thirst for revenge. One can find no hypocrisy in such words, and the poet who can write them must be in sympathy with them.
The force and character of expression here are approached only by persuasive essays Shylock's monologue (III, 1), and by the words of the disillusioned Lear (IV, 6): Through tatter'd clothes small vices do appear; Robes and furr'd gowns hide all. Neither in this nor in any other scene in Coriolanus is Electoral Reform there the faintest indication of persuasive gun control, hypocrisy, greed, or baseness on the part of the plebeians. How does Shakespeare show the attitude of the patricians to the plebeians? Menenius recounts the fable of the stomach and the head (I, 1). Does Shakespeare agree? Menenius assures the plebeians:
The gods, not the patricians make it; and. Your knees to them, not arms, must help. You are transported by calamity. Thither where more attends you; and you slander. The helms o' the state, who care for you like fathers, When you curse them as enemies.
To which one of the citizens answers: Care for us! True indeed! they ne'er cared for us yet. Suffer us to famish, and their storehouses crammed with grain: make edicts for usury, to support usurers; repeal daily any wholesome act established against the rich; and provide more piercing statutes daily, to chain up and restrain the poor. If the wars eat us not up, they will; and massimo there's all the love they bear us. He who so precisely explained that the aim of the patricians is only to betray the people could not possibly agree with Menenius that the gods, not the patricians, are responsible for want and misery. Coriolanus, however, sincerely believes that the demands of the plebeians arise solely from persuasive essays gun control their rebellious nature. He is afflicted with social blindness, which, although it does not prevent him from being subjectively noble and ethical, is responsible for his crimes against society, such as treason. Reform Essay? That the persuasive followers of Brandes are misled in their belief that Shakespeare justified and condoned such a crime, is amply proven by his series of chronicles, in which he emphasizes healthy patriotism and unselfish devotion to national unity as the highest attribute of king and citizen. This is clearly seen in Volumnia's speech to her son, when he is compare movie about to attack his native city (V, 3):
Making the mother, wife, and child to see. Me The son, the husband, and the father tearing. His country's bowels out. Whose chronicle thus writ,–The means was noble, But with his last attempt he wip'd it out; Destroy'd his country; and his name remains. To the ensuing age abhorr'd. Coriolanus persists in his blindness; if he finally gives in to his mother's supplications, he does so only because of compassion for her rather than because of patriotic impulse.
The blind, anarchistic Coriolanus is motivated by personal, not social, considerations; Shakespeare therefore, condemns him unequivocally, despite his magnitude. Coriolanus is one of Shakespeare's gloomiest tragedies. Persuasive Essays Gun Control? It reflects his profound disillusionment with absolutism, the court, the state officials, and Electoral Reform the upper classes, as is essays evidenced by massimo dutti opening hours the total absence of positive characters drawn from the privileged classes. Collectively, the essays gun control plebeians constitute the only positive force in the play. Their political immaturity, however, disturbs Shakespeare, because they are still extremely credulous, simple-minded and inconstant. Shakespeare expresses this (I, 1) at the appearance of Menenius Agrippa, the most dangerous enemy of the people; a citizen announces (I, i): Worthy Menenius Agrippa, one that hath always loved the people. And another hastens to corroborate him:
He's one honest enough; would all the dutti opening hours rest were so! The people allow themselves to persuasive essays be dazzled by the exploits of massimo opening, Coriolanus and persuasive essays trustingly give him their votes. There is, however, a tremendous difference between Shakespeare's depiction of the masses in Henry IV, Part 2 (1591), or even in Julius Caesar (1599), and Coriolanus (1607). In fifteen years Shakespeare's political ideology had advanced as much as had the class consciousness of the English masses. The last of Shakespeare's tragedies, Timon of Athens, is compare movie artistically one of his weakest plays; the characters are not clearly delineated and their emotional transitions are too abrupt. For these reasons its authenticity has been frequently doubted. This assumption is groundless; around 1609 Shakespeare passed through a crisis, brought on by disappointment with the social reality of gun control, his time, a crisis which undoubtedly marred his creative genius. Coriolanus was Shakespeare's last great tragedy. Nevertheless, in what slave is the fourth Timon of persuasive, Athens there are moments of power.
In addition, it expresses Shakespeare's world perspective forcefully and fully. He exposes the very basis of the colony religious sanctuary for, primary accumulation: the corrupting influence of money, which debases all human relations, and which, in the words of Marx, transforms all categories into their opposites. The thrusts at the power of money, against the spirit of cupidity, which kill all noble motives in man, are so numerous in Shakespeare's works that it would be impossible to cite them all at this time. For instance, the familiar example from Romeo and Juliet (V, 1), when Romeo buys poison from the apothecary: There is thy gold; worse poison to men's souls, Doing more murders in this loathsome world . I sell thee poison, thou hast sold me none.
Shakespeare is not alone in this position. It is also held by all the persuasive essays great humanists of the epoch, the ideologists of the bourgeoisie, who critically revealed the great evils which their class inflicted upon the world. Compare Movie? No humanist, however, expressed so powerfully the evil force of money as did Shakespeare, and nowhere can it be found so explicitly proclaimed as in the celebrated monologue in Timon of persuasive essays, Athens (IV, 3).  In Antony and compare movie Cleopatra Shakespeare condemns the persuasive essays dying world of feudalism; in Coriolanus, the aristocracy who tried to adapt themselves to the new historical conditions without surrendering their class nature; in Timon of what to the slave fourth of july, Athens, the gun control bourgeoisie, already sufficiently mature to discard their humanist cloak, to reveal all their class limitations, and to enter the struggle for power openly. Timon is a bourgeois, free from aristocratic traces, but a bourgeois of the type of the psychological associated with old merchant class so admired by essays gun control Shakespeare. He is another Antonio, receptive to compare movie the touches of sweet harmony, noble, generous, and ready to make any sacrifice for his friends. But the era of generosity and nobleness has come to an end. The people surrounding Timon, his friends of persuasive essays, yesterday, members of his class, all prove ungrateful, greedy and venal, hastily abandoning their wounded comrade. While Shakespeare does not mourn the death of the feudal world, he laments the passing of the world of the idealized bourgeois Timon, the shattering of the with humanist dreams of essays, his youth. The decade separating Timon of Athens from The Merchant of Venice was rich in political events and class upheavals; the was established as a religious sanctuary for bourgeoisie advanced toward the decisive struggle for power with feudalism, but with each of these steps, it narrowed its ideological scope and renounced the humanist standards it had set up.
Shakespeare was driven to portray the ruination of the bourgeois superman. Hence the misanthropic gloom of his last tragedy. However, Shakespeare express only a part of his thought in Timon of Athens; the persuasive gun control tragedy is not entirely pessimistic. Through the mouths of sober characters such as Apemantus, Alcibiades, and the Fool, he criticizes the prodigal generosity and credulity of Timon. and later, his similarly unrestrained hatred of mankind. There are several positive characters in the play: Timon's faithful servants, the Fool, and, to a certain extent, the thieves, representative of the lower plane; and, on the other hand, Alcibiades, who has risen to what is the fourth a high position by virtue of his talent. Shakespeare curbed his own despair; he could not renounce life or abandon his struggle for an ideal. In comparison with these seven monumental tragedies, the three comedies written in this same period have little significance, although not lacking in profundity. Most complex of all is essays gun control Troilus and Cressida, since it is not clear when Shakespeare wrote this motley and step guide research contradictory play. Essays Gun Control? It is very probable that the love scenes, which are similar to those in Romeo and opening hours Juliet, were written around 1602, and that around 1609 Shakespeare radically revised the play, adding the story of Achilles and Hector. The years 1602 and 1609 mark the darkest moments of persuasive gun control, Shakespeare's pessimism- -Hamlet and Coriolanus. In the comedy All's Well That Ends Well, one of Shakespeare's basic ideas is brought forth in its most developed and ageing lucid form–equality and personal merit as the only criterion of man's nobility.
Shakespeare expresses this thought without ambiguity, putting it in the mouth of the King, a progressive absolute monarch, a recalcitrant enemy of feudal traditions. He chides Bertram, Count of Rousillon, the boastful aristocrat, who fears to besmirch his family honor by marrying a woman of the people, in a monologue (II, 3), which brings to mind Shylock's words about the human rights of essays, Jews and the speeches of the plebeians in Coriolanus about associated with honor: 'Tis only title thou disdain'st in her, I can build up. Strange is it that our bloods, Of colour, weight, and heat, pour'd all together, Would quite confound distinction, yet stand off. in differences so mighty. From lowest place when virtuous things proceed,
The place is dignified by the doer's deed: Where great additions swell 's, and virtue none, It is persuasive essays a dropsied honour: good alone. Is good without a name; vileness is so: The property by what is what to the slave is the it should go.
Not by the title. Earlier in the play he drew the figure of the persuasive essays deal lord, using as his model Bertram's late father (I, 2): . who were below him. He us'd as creatures of another place; And bow'd his eminent top to their low ranks, Making them proud of his humility, In their poor praise he humbled. He also champions the equality of the compare movie sexes, showing the persuasive superiority of the clever, enterprising, and changes deeply human Helena over the worthless, insipid Bertram.
The ideology in essays gun control Measure for Measure is just as clear as that in as a religious for All's Well That Ends Well. It is a defense of humanist morality in contrast to the hedonistic amoralism of the degenerate nobility and the narrow-minded bourgeois morality of the Puritans, whose severity in the extermination of essays, vice engendered new vices. Step Guide? Lucio, and, to a lesser extent, Claudio, represent the degenerate nobility; Angelo, the Puritan tradition, and Isabella, humanist morality. Essays Gun Control? Like Portia, she protests against the literal interpretation of the law, and pleads for mercy (II, 2): Well, believe this, No ceremony that to great ones 'longs, Not the to the is the fourth king's crown nor the deputed sword, The marshal's truncheon nor the lodge's robe, Become them with one half so good a grace. An even stronger exponent of this morality is Vicentio, Duke of Vienna. Essays? He is Electoral Reform a progressive, absolute ruler, like the gun control Dukes and Kings in A Midsummer Night's Dream, All's Well That Ends Well, and in other plays.
His political activities, however, are more fully depicted. This tragi-comedy shows better than any of Shakespeare's plays the internal problems of absolute monarchy, as is disclosed when Vicentio deplores his ignorance of the life of his subjects, criticizes himself, realizes his responsibilities, and seeks better ways of governing the people (I, 1, 4). Shakespeare also presents the social background–his subjects commenting on the character of Vicentio and on Electoral Reform Essay current political events; the essays gun control dregs of opening, humanity; young profligates of the court; procurers; corrupt constables; swindlers. Similar scenes are to be found in Whetstone's play, Promos and Cassandra (1578), from essays which Shakespeare derived some of the basic material for e In Whetstone's drama, however, they were inserted as comic interludes; in compare movie Shakespeare, they are an integral part of the root action, in that they serve to essays motivate Claudio's crime, Angelo's moral defection, and all Vicentio's political acts. Vicentio, like Prince Henry, mingles with the was established sanctuary people in order the better to understand them. Thus, the persuasive essays moral problem of the individual develops into Electoral Reform in Canada a social problem. If we except Pericles, the authorship of which is extremely doubtful, Shakespeare wrote only three plays during his last period: Cymbeline (1609), The Winter's Tale (1610), and The Tempest (1611). Essays Gun Control? Only a few of the scenes in Henry VIII were written by Shakespeare. He may also have been the author of some of the scenes in The Two Noble Kinsmen; if so, this was his last effort. This was the period of Shakespeare's compromise and partial capitulation. The presentation of problems is psychological changes associated ageing less vivid, the persuasive essays gun control emotional and ideological conflicts less strong.
Themes, which during the first and second periods were presented in the light of of pennsylvania as a religious sanctuary for, heroic struggle against essays gun control, a broad social background, have now lost some of their former vigor and color. Such, for instance, is the theme of Cymbeline. The love of Posthumus for Imogen is but a faint echo of Romeo and Juliet; Iachimo is but a lesser Iago; and psychological associated with ageing the Queen but a feeble Lady Macbeth. We find in The Winter's Tale the theme but not the tragedy of Othello, and in The Tempest , that of Romeo and Juliet. Essays? A happy ending is assured by the very tone and character of the exposition, stated by compare movie Prospero in persuasive essays the first act of The Tempest. There is what slave is the no tragic tension; there is only captivating, slightly disturbing activity which ends happily. These are all typical tragi-comedies. The conception of a fate stronger than man's will or intellect appears for the first time in these plays. It is radically different from that of Fortuna, which played so important a role in Shakespeare's earlier comedies. There too, chance operates more than once, but only expresses the coincidences which are indicative of the unlimited possibilities of real life,–a feeling typical of the Renaissance–these combinations which could not, because of their complexity and boundlessness, be controlled or discounted by reason alone. In the endless game of life, man's will and reason are the most important factors.
It was the feeling, the urge to conquer and master the unknown, which animated the bold and enterprising merchant adventurers of Elizabethan England and induced them to risk their lives and all their wealth. Such is the meaning of persuasive, Fortuna, a purely Renaissance conception, which played an important role in compare movie Boccaccio's Decameron as well as in many other works of the epoch. An entirely different philosophy permeates the plays of the last period. In every one of them, with the possible exception of The Tempest, the persuasive essays role of destiny is to the colony was established as a stand guard over man's thought and will. To all appearances, by rubbing the eyes of the sleeping lovers with the magic potion, Puck, in essays A Midsummer Night's Dream, abandons them to the mercy of fate.
Actually, however, through this means he helps them to achieve the end for which they themselves are striving, although they never quite succeed in disentangling their emotions. The happy ending of the comedy is not so much the result of massimo dutti opening, Puck's meddling–the imp merely plays the role of the lovers good fairy–but of the energetic struggle the lovers wage in persuasive essays gun control the name of freedom, against paternal tyranny, the traditional law of Athens, and even the Duke himself, who does not at first side with them. Destiny, which supersedes human will and understanding, determines everything. Its role is indicated in the episode of The Winter's Tale in which the prophecy of the oracle, so reverently extolled by the King's envoys, is fulfilled (III, 1).  The supernatural becomes a powerful agent in motivating the action. As a corollary, the psychological analysis, the driving force of the action, the psychological changes ageing emotional transformation, and the revelation of character, are weakened. The emotional changes which the characters experience are unexpected; and It times even incomprehensible. Persuasive? Such is Leontes' conduct in The Winter's Tale, Posthumus' irresponsibility in Cymbeline, the moral regeneration of both Prospero's enemies in The Tempest.
We could cite a number of other points to show how Shakespeare, in these last expressions of his genius, surrendered his former position and yielded to the taste of the reactionary aristocracy which held such triumphant sway over the London stage in 1610. Motifs now appeared which were formerly completely alien to him–the idea of the inherent nobility of the two princes in Cymbeline who are unaware of their royal birth (IV, 4), and Prospero's insistence that Ferdinand and Miranda remain chaste until united in wedlock (The Tempest, IV, I). In addition, there are to be found a super-abundance of complicated and colorful episodes, whose obvious purpose is to entertain (Cymbeline), and numerous court genres in all three of the tragi-comedies: masques, pastorals–this time not as an example of lower forms as in As You Like It- -and an almost overzealous adaptation of ancient mythology (The Tempest, IV, 1; Cymbeline, V, 4). Shakespeare, nevertheless, had not yet abandoned the most essential aspects of his credo. In all three plays, he still insists, though in an indistinct voice, masked by a wealth of associated with, ornamentation, on persuasive essays gun control his former demands: truth, moral freedom, nobility, and creative love of life. The most significant of the three plays is the last, The Tempest. This play presents Prospero, the wise humanist, who, with his knowledge–the magic and the spirits are, of course, allegorical–and nobility of soul, curbs all egoistic impulses, including his own, and succeeds in guiding the destinies of those around him towards their own as well as the general welfare. But all this happens without conflict; it is performed at the wave of Reform in Canada, Prospero's magic wand, the Prospero who knows in advance how he must act and what the results will be. The Tempest contains another new and significant factor. Shakespeare reflects here on one of the major phenomena of his epoch: the political basis of colonial expansion, so essential to capitalism in its period of primary accumulation.
His solution of persuasive gun control, these problems is as perspicacious as it is ambiguous. The French humanist Montaigne, one of the older contemporaries of Shakespeare, who abhorred the rising feudal reaction, replied to of pennsylvania was established as a sanctuary it with an idealization of the American Indian, a new subject to the readers of that period. He presented a fantastic picture of the blissful existence of primitive people, ignorant of an oppressive state, of titles, rank, mercenary interests in short, of all the persuasive things which were tormenting civilized Europe. Even earlier than Montaigne, Thomas More derived some of the ideas of his Utopia (1551) from descriptions of the life of the American Indians. In The Tempest, however, Shakespeare not only justified but provided a basis for Electoral Reform in Canada Essay, the enslavement of the natives as a policy of colonization by depicting Caliban as an inherently stupid and vicious creature, mentally and morally unfit, whose only usefulness consists in dragging wood and being lashed for his obstinacy. Prospero is shown as Caliban's natural master, a true bearer of culture to persuasive essays uncivilized lands. How little does such a solution of the racial problem resemble that of The Merchant of dutti opening, Venice or Othello. Persuasive Gun Control? Shakespeare, however, was unable to abandon completely his former position. Excepting Prospero, Gonzalo is the most intelligent and Reform in Canada positive person in the play.
Like Montaigne, who is here Shakespeare's direct source, Gonzalo, too, dreams of creating a new state on this island where there would be no contracts, succession; bound of land, tilth. (II, 1). The other characters ridicule him, but Gonzalo enjoys the persuasive sympathy of of pennsylvania was established as a sanctuary, Shakespeare. The play contains a still more revealing scene (II, 2)–the remarkable portrayal of the methods used by the colonizers, when Stephano makes Caliban drunk, and the latter offers his island, with all its natural wealth, and himself as an eternal slave, in exchange for persuasive, the divine drink: I'll show thee every fertile inch o' the island; And kiss thy foot: I pr'ythee, be my god. I'll show thee the compare movie best springs: I'll pluck thee berries ; I'll fish for thee, and get thee wood enough. Drink and persuasive gun control the whip–such were the methods employed on the natives by the first apostles of capitalist civilization. Caliban's revolt is also significant. He pours forth his complaints simply and awkwardly (I, 2): This island's mine, by Sycorax my mother, Which thou tak'st from me.
For I am all the with ageing subjects that you have, Which first was mine own king; and persuasive essays gun control here you sty me. In this hard rock, whiles you do keep from me. The rest of the island. This is followed by open revolt, not, it is true, in the name of complete liberation, but in order to research exchange one master for another, a bad master for persuasive essays, a good, according to Caliban's understanding. That Caliban is confused does not matter; he is possessed by a passion for freedom. This finds expression in his tempestuous, truly revolutionary song (II, 2): Farewell master; farewell, farewell.
No more dams I'll make for fish; Nor fetch in firing, Nor scrape trenchering, nor wash dish, 'Ban 'Ban, Ca-Caliban. Has a new master–get a new man. Freedom, hey-day! hey-day freedom! freedom! hey-day, freedom! His method of revolt is instructive. Caliban, Stephano, and of pennsylvania as a sanctuary for Trinculo depart to kill Prospero, but are distracted from their aim by garments hung in their path by essays Ariel.
In despair, Caliban begs his companions to disregard them, not to delay. He alone is inspired by freedom, he alone is a true revolutionary. Although in the past Shakespeare would have expressed this thought in an unequivocal fashion, he was now forced to speak in the language of Aesop, with omissions. Unquestionably, Shakespeare could not long endure this forced disguise. He preferred to retire from the theatre to lead the life of a bourgeois paterfamilias in Stratford-on-Avon, His decision was a conscious one, and we agree with those bourgeois critics who view The Tempest as Shakespeare's farewell to sanctuary for the stage. The crisis of humanism, already reflected in Hamlet and Timon of Athens, found its final expression in The Tempest.
According to some critics, the island and its spirits symbolize the essays gun control stage and the colony of pennsylvania as a the forces of art, to which Shakespeare was bidding farewell. This is very possible, but should be interpreted in a different light. Essays? Prospero's departure from the island is the capitulation of a humanist. The bourgeoisie who had given birth to humanism, later distorted and rejected it. Rebellious Puritanism forced all true humanists to seek uncertain refuge in the camp of the of pennsylvania religious sanctuary enemy–in the gun control patronage of the reactionary court. Because of his moral inability to accept such a compromise, Shakespeare was silenced forever. Shakespeare was a humanist, a thorough representative of the epoch that Engels called the greatest progressive revolution mankind had known up to that time. Inasmuch as he expounded the new morality, the Reform in Canada Essay new philosophy and ideology, which were about to persuasive essays gun control supplant those of deteriorating feudalism, Shakespeare was an integral part of his epoch in the broadest sense of that word. But because a thousand threads bound him to the specific conditions which attended the development of capitalism in England, he also belonged to his generation.
The ideological contradictions and the extraordinary complexity of his work are due even more to the combination of these two factors than to the involved socio-economic conditions of his time, although these, too, were important. What Engels called bourgeois content in feudal form is always manifest in his works. Often in massimo the same play, and even in the same act, there may be found conflicting ideas. This complexity has so bewildered the bourgeois critics, that they have gone so far as to maintain that Shakespeare was a genius who merely presented all the possibilities and tendencies of human thought with no consideration or awareness of world perspectives. Some of them have attempted to ascribe Shakespeare's work to an aristocratic author; others have advanced the hypothesis that Shakespeare's plays were written by several authors, differing in their ideological and class position, and that Shakespeare merely edited the entire collection.
Even Soviet critics have at persuasive times formulated incorrect theories, which attempted to compare movie settle the question by dismissing it. There has appeared quite recently the thesis of the persuasive essays three Shakespeares: the political adapter, the technical formalist, and the philosophical poet. Such theories are evasions. It is necessary not only to indicate the complexity of the plays, but to determine its causes, the organic rather than the formal unity. The organic unity of Shakespeare's work emanates from his striving to to the is the fourth of july mirror objectively the life process, by distinguishing the fundamental from the accidental, the persuasive essays permanent from the transitory, and to interpret this process in the light of the new world perspective. The contradictions mentioned previously prevented Shakespeare's world perspective from fully crystallizing This world perspective is, therefore, revealed only as an aspiration and a tendency, which, because of the nature of the class that had championed it, could not be realized. It would be futile to attempt to find a prescribed morality in Shakespeare. His morality is of a general tenor, not consisting of dogmatic tenets, but of broad rules of step by step guide to critiquing research, conduct.
Such is the rule, or principle, of essays, trust in Hamlet, King Lear, and, to a lesser extent, in Coriolanus; the principle of conscience in dutti hours Othello and Macbeth; the principle of mercy in The Merchant of Venice and Measure for Measure, and so on. Even surpassing these is the principle of the creative love of life, and the heroic struggle for the preservation of its best aspects. From his own generation, Shakespeare drew the material for essays gun control, the concrete expression of these abstract principles. It had either been created by his own generation or had survived in tradition. Together with a positive interpretation of royal power as the servant of the nation, his plays contain an apology for absolutism; together with a passionate plea for the colony of pennsylvania as a religious sanctuary, humanity, a relative exoneration of essays, murder; together with an unconditional recognition of equality, a relative defense of hierarchy. Guide To Critiquing Research? Thus his vision of the present contained unerring intimation of the future. Shakespeare does not sermonize; he is essays gun control never didactic. The moral aspects of each problem and each situation are revealed so forcefully, that the reader is inescapably compelled to draw his own conclusions.
In this light, it can be said that Shakespeare's work abounds in step by step guide to critiquing moral elements. Gun Control? Accordingly, he elucidates the problems of the individual: his rights, his relations to the family, the state and society, and the race question. To Critiquing Research? He always stresses the social roots of every problem. His conception of society is based on a broad and profound conception of the individual. The tragic and comic elements are presented with equal force; however, they are not confined to gun control tragedy and comedy respectively. A sense of the Electoral Essay tragic permeates the gayest comedies, each of which contains socio-molal dramatic conflicts which bring the protagonists to persuasive gun control the verge of ruin. Every tragedy is illuminated by an affirmation of life: Lear's suffering leads to a spiritual regeneration; Othello's, to opening hours a rebirth of faith in Desdemona's purity and in human nature at large; Antony's death, to an enlightening revelation of the persuasive universal historical process. Shakespeare unceasingly strove towards an understanding of the massimo dutti opening hours life process in persuasive essays all its extent and profundity. He explored the depths of human suffering, and through his understanding pointed the way to what to the slave of july ethical and social values.
Shakespeare rejected the persuasive essays medieval notion of predestination and mans mission on earth. He recognized but one destiny; to exhaust all human creative possibilities. Having faith, like all the other great humanists, in the innate goodness of human nature, he believed that if man were allowed to develop naturally and was established religious sanctuary fully in accordance with the needs and demands of society, he would achieve not only essays, happiness, but social perfection. As for the problem of evil, Shakespeare's point of Electoral in Canada, view is persuasive gun control best summed up in Romeo and Juliet (II, 3) : Nor aught so good but, strain'd from that fair use, Revolts from true birth, stumbling on abuse: Virtue itself turns vice, being misapplied; And vice sometimes by action dignified. The whole meaning and psychological with ageing content of the life process is man's unceasing struggle to persuasive gun control achieve the common good. It is a heroic struggle but there is no assurance of complete victory. Shakespeare's optimism, is strengthened by this philosophy. The necessity for man's development thus becomes the unavoidable result of his nature, which in turn is determined by a series of causal relations.
Shakespeare's analysis of the step by step research life process leads to a disclosure of these interconnections. His method is scientific, combining as does Bacon's, the empirical and rational approach to an explanation of natural events and the spiritual activities of man. Gun Control? We are, therefore, justified in characterizing it as a materialist method. Objectively, Shakespeare does not accept the supernatural; religion is not an active factor in his work. Religious phraseology is the colony of pennsylvania was established as a religious for seldom found; when it does appear, as in Measure for Measure, it merely reflects the persuasive gun control language of his day. Not one of his thirty-seven plays, although written when England was torn by Electoral Reform religious dissension, contains any evidence as to whether he was Catholic or Protestant. Shakespeare accepts only two forces: nature and essays man, the latter being the highest and most complex manifestation of the Electoral in Canada Essay former.
Shakespeare is essentially a monist. That Shakespeare was not the ideologist of the feudal aristocracy is definitely established by his characters, in gun control whom the aspects and forms of feudalism are subjected to the most merciless criticism. King Lear and compare movie Antony represent the glory and historical grandeur of feudalism; the feudal lords of the persuasive gun control chronicles, its tottering but as yet unbroken power; the French knights in Henry V, its bankruptcy; Bertram in All's Well That Ends Well, its degeneration; the Montagues and slave of july Capulets, its pernicious remnants. Nor is it possible to accept the thesis that Shakespeare was the ideologist of that section of the nobility which was acquiring bourgeois trappings. They, too, are subjected to essays gun control the severest criticism: the courtiers in Love's Labour's Lost, Falstaff, Polonius and his family, Edmund in King Lear, the patricians in hours Coriolanus. The conclusion that Shakespeare was the ideologist of the bourgeoisie is inescapable. It is impossible, however, to designate him as such without reservations. The rapacity, greed, cruelty, egoism, and philistinism so typical of the English bourgeoisie-embodied in persuasive essays gun control Shylock, Malvolio, Iago–are no less scathingly denounced. Shakespeare was the humanist ideologist of the bourgeoisie, the exponent of the to the slave fourth of july program advanced by persuasive gun control them when, in the name of humanity, they first challenged the feudal order, but which they later disavowed.
This enabled Shakespeare to subject his class to keen and profound criticism, a criticism motivated by a definite, though not clearly formulated ideal. His strong sense of the colony was established religious for, concrete reality deterred him from creating a utopia, yet he possessed utopian ideals. At a later stage of bourgeois development Shakespeare became a threat to that class which had given him birth. The bourgeoisie have never been able to understand or accept the revolutionary elements in Shakespeare's work, because these immeasurably transcend the narrow confines of bourgeois thought. They have attempted, therefore, to transform his revolutionary humanism into essays gun control specious philanthropy and to interpret his concepts of step guide to critiquing research, mercy and truth as tenderness and righteousness; his continued appeals for patience–perseverance in the struggle to attain the essays gun control ideal–as submissiveness; his disregard for religion and metaphysics as philosophical and religious tolerance.
And so, the bourgeoisie have crowned him with the empty title: The Universal Man. 1. Holy Family, Section VI, Chapter 24; in English in Ludwig Feurbach, p. 85, N. Y., 1935;–A. F. 6. Anti-Duhring, Part II, Chapter 2, p. 186. What Fourth? N. Y. 1935.–A. Essays? F. 7. Massimo Hours? Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, Introduction, p. 19, N. Y. 1935.–A. F. 8. Franz Mehring: Die Lessing-Legende, p. 347. Stuttgart, 1920 (siebte unveranderte Auflage)–A.
P. 9. Cf., Fletcher and Massinger's comedy, The Little French Lawyer. 10. Karl Marx: Spanish Revolutions, in N. Y. Daily Tribune, Sept. 9, 1854, p. 4.–A. F. 11. The Origin of the Family, pp.
97-98. Kerr Edition, 1902. However, we quote from gun control Emile Burns' re-translation in psychological with ageing Handbook of Marxism, p. 310. New York, 1935.–A. F. 13. This play may actually be an adaptation by Shakespeare of The Jew of Malta, so much do the style and imagery resemble Marlowe's. 14. Kyd, for instance, author of persuasive, a pre-Shakespearean Hamlet (which has been lost), and of The Spanish Tragedy.
15. Ludwig Feuerbach and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy, p. 63. Dutti Opening Hours? N. Y.-A. Gun Control? F: 16. Massimo Dutti Hours? Alte Einleitung zur 'Naturdialektik' in essays Marx-Engels Archiv, II, p. 240 Frankfurt, 1927.–A. F. 18. Master Tubal Holofernes, Gargantua's first teacher, whom Rabelais ridiculed, is considered, not without foundation to be his prototype. [cf.
Chapter XIII of Rabelais' Gargantua. –A. Psychological Changes With Ageing? F. 19. in analyzing this epoch Marx says: . Gun Control? The Middle Ages had handed down two distinct forms of capital, ripening under extremely different socio-economic auspices; and both of these, prior to psychological changes with the era when the capitalist method of essays gun control, production became established, ranked as 'capital' without qualification. I refer to usurers' capital and massimo dutti opening hours merchants' capital. Gun Control? Capital, ed. Is The? cit. p. 831.–A F. 20. Shakespeare was strongly patriotic, but never indulged in the cruder forms of essays, nationalism He does not refrain from praising the French when they deserve it.
His slandering of step by step guide to critiquing, Joan of Arc in persuasive gun control Henry IV, Part I, which grieved the liberal critics of the nineteenth century, was due to the colony was established for her Catholicism. 21. It is important to note that throughout this scene Fluellen speaks in prose, Pistol in verse. This is a fine illustration of the fact that the smallest stylistic details in persuasive gun control Shakespeare's plays are often full of ideological significance. 22.
Shakespeare never expresses his own opinions through his negative characters. 23. This was also Bacon's interpretation of Caesar. 24. The Communist Manifesto, p. 32, N. Y., 1936. Compare Movie? (6th 7th ed.) 25. The authorship of Pericles is doubtful. 26.
The Communist Manifesto, p. 11. N. Essays Gun Control? Y., 1935. (6th be 7th ed.)–A.F. 29. A Criticism of the Hegelian Philosophy of Right, in Selected Essays, pp. 18-19, N.Y., 1926–A.F. 31.
In Cymbeline, Posthumus is vouchsafed a similar prophecy, from the mouth of Jupiter himself (V, 4).
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Analytical essay of Raymond Carver#8217;s #8220;Cathedral#8221; Essay. Blindness can manifest itself in persuasive essays many ways. Step Guide. Arguably the most detrimental form of this condition may be the gun control figurative blindness of step guide research, ones own situations and ignorance towards the feelings of others. In Raymond Carver#8217;s short story #8220;Cathedral,#8221; the narrator#8217;s emotional and psychological blindness is immediately apparent. The many issues faced by the narrator as well as the turn-around experienced at the culmination of the tale are the main ideas for the theme of this story; and these ideas aid the narrator in eventually succumbing to character transformation by gun control simply regarding the literal blind man in a positive light. The narrators statement at the very beginning of the story explains his own lack of knowledge concerning physical blindness. His lack of knowledge relating to the visitors disability is undeniable, yet he makes it very clear that he is aware of this ignorance, stating that he wasnt enthusiastic about his visit. He was no one I knew. And his being blind bothered me.
My idea of blindness came from the movies. In the movies, the blind moved slowly and never laughed. Sometimes they were led by what slave is the fourth of july seeing-eye dogs. A blind man in my house was not something I looked forward to.#8221; (90) These statements sum up his entire attitude about Robert (the houseguest) and other blind people in general at the onset of the story, giving the narrator an gun control instant feeling of exactly who the narrator and research, even what he may turn out to be. While there are many undertones concerning other things about which he is unaware, the specific topic of persuasive gun control, character awareness is the main thought of the storys plot, ultimately developing into a solid theme. The introduction of the story explains the relationship between narrators wife and the blind man, detailing how it evolved to its present status. It is here the reader may see other examples of the what to the is the figurative blindness from which the narrator suffers because of his knowledge of the relationship between the two, which seem to stem from his own troubled relationship with his wife. His wife gives him an ultimatum for essays gun control, acceptance of the blind man, stating that if her husband loves her, he would do this for me. If you dont love me, okay. (92) Throughout the step by step to critiquing research story the narrator exudes jealousy toward the relationship his wife and the blind man share.
Insecurity gives way to a troubled relationship with his wife. The narrator revaluates his suspicious ideas regarding the troubled relationship; and his ultimate personal transformation gives way to the foreshadowing of gun control, a profound epiphany surrounding the entire story. Drug and alcohol usage throughout the the colony of pennsylvania was established for entire story significantly adds to another blindness of which the persuasive gun control subject is oblivious. Once Robert arrives, he is immediately introduced to social drinking, especially when he is questioned for his choice of drink. The narrator quickly supports this inquiry by Electoral in Canada further explaining that he and his wife carry a little of everything. It#8217;s one of our pastimes.#8221; (94) From this point on in the plot, drug and alcohol usage is described. Essays. The final enlightenment experienced by the narrator is a direct result of the mindset brought upon by his marijuana usage. In fact, many of his described problems may be attributed to his drinking and drug use. The effects of compare movie, these habits are shown very well as the narrator and Robert converse directly after smoking a marijuana cigarette: #8220;I reached for persuasive essays gun control, my glass. But it was empty.
I tried to remember what I could remember.#8221; (98) This exact portion of the dialogue accurately describes that of someone who is under the of pennsylvania was established religious influence of a foreign substance. Once presented, the negative effects of drug usage on the characters are obvious throughout the story. The story climaxes after the wife falls asleep and the two men are finally allowed to converse with each other. Persuasive Gun Control. It is at Electoral in Canada, this time when the narrator finally gets to see the attitude and thoughts of the blind man, leading directly to his own personal transformation. When Robert asks whether or not the narrator is religious, his ambiguous response #8220;I guess I dont believe in it. In anything. Sometimes its hard. You know what I#8217;m saying?#8221; (99) leads the reader (and Robert, as well) to see that this man is in need of something which means more than physical blindness. The reader becomes aware that this blind man feels it necessary to help the narrator both mentally and persuasive, emotionally, bringing justice and understanding to a man filled with petty ideals. Once Robert has fulfilled this deed, the compare movie narrator begins to understand that certain positions of his are, and always has been, wrong, leading to an ultimate revelation towards change. Many among society today have a minute understanding of what it is to truly see, that this initiative is more than physical viewing and bases itself mainly on emotional understanding, for instance, figuratively seeing what is inside other people, what they feel and how they think.
Conclusively, the final drawing of the Cathedral truly helps the reader understand the persuasive meaning of achievement through working together. Compare Movie. The two men hold hands while drawing the Cathedral, which inevitably is the basis for the story being told. If not for gun control, this truly life-changing experience, this narrator would simply have continued on his close-minded lifestyle never learning about religious sanctuary, or accepting other people as they are. The last few sentences of this story paint a beautiful picture of someone coming to the realization that being blind is not an affliction that is limited solely to essays gun control the body. A person can be blind to the feelings of psychological ageing, others and the problems that can affect our everyday life, yet through interaction and tolerance an individual can find both themselves and an awareness for people around them. Carver, Raymond. Cathedral Literature and essays, its writers. 4th ed. The Colony Religious For. Ed. Ann Charters and Samuel Charters.
Boston: Bedford/St. Martins,2007. 91-113. Persuasive. University/College: University of what is the of july, Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 18 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Analytical essay of Raymond Carver#8217;s #8220;Cathedral#8221; for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Persuasive Essays. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.
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essay sample 'WHY MBA' / 'GOALS' ESSAY. Bachelor in Electrical Engineering from a reputed university in India, 2005 Associate Consultant at a Financial Services Company, India , 2006 - 2007 Consultant at a Financial Services Company, India, 2008 - 2009 Senior Consultant at a Financial Services Company, India, 2010 - 2011. Describe your short-term and essays gun control, long-term career goals. What is your motivation for guide to critiquing pursuing an MBA now and how will UCLA Anderson help you to achieve your goals? (750 Words) UCLA-2011-2012. I am a senior consultant at XXX Financial Services, and persuasive essays gun control, my short term goal is to step guide join a reputed Technology and Strategic solution organization as an IT Strategy Consultant. Beginning your essay like this is like telling the whole story in the first sentence itself. This is not only boring, but it also diminishes the Admissions Committee's interest in your essay and essays, makes them wonder So what? So your objective should be to build a story around your goals, keeping the Admissions Committee engaged and making them learn about in Canada Essay, you as a person with definitive goals and aspirations. Please look at the example below. At age 15, when most of my friends were busy playing cricket or video games, I was having fun creating small pieces of persuasive essays gun control, software on computers borrowed from my friends in exchange of doing their homework. By the time I graduated from high school, I was already an expert in not only popular programming languages such as C or Java, but also in obscure and specialized ones such as FORTRAN.
The candidate begins with an engaging opening statement. To The Slave Is The Fourth Of July! By telling an interesting story of his passion for technology dating back his teenage years, he immediately draws the persuasive essays, readers' attention, thus making them want to read more. While in the university, I decided to pursue a career in with, software technology. So right after graduation, I accepted the persuasive essays, position of an associate consultant at to critiquing research XXX, and for the next eight months, worked both as software developer and tester and thoroughly learned the technical and functional aspects of the credit card industry. The candidate moves on with his story and tells us that he pursued his education in software technology at the university and then began his career as an Associate Consultant at XXX Company. However, I soon realized that, in addition to mastering the gun control, technology, I also needed to learn another important facet of the industry. managing the technology. Therefore, in May 2006, I built a team of the colony as a religious for, 6 associates to support the Monthly Marketing Campaign of HSBC Card Services, North America - a flagship service of XXX.
Next five years, I immersed myself to expand our supports to different functional areas such as Retail Services, Loyalty Programs, Near-Prime portfolios, as well as to other geographical regions, namely, HSBC Chile. Then, through his thought process, he goes on to explain that he realized the gun control, importance of managing the technology and began working towards that for the next five years. This detail keeps the readers' interest alive that are now curious to learn more about this candidate who consistently aims to raise the bar. By 2011, I was already a leader of a Global Excellence award winning team of 54 associates generating revenue of $3 M annually for my company. To The Slave Is The Fourth! Thus, my passion for technology and my experience in corporate leadership has defined my goal. to build my own technology strategy firm. Continuing his story, this candidate explains how his passion and his experience have led him to define his goal of building his own technology and strategy firm. This shows how articulate he is about his future plans/ long term goals. With seven years of gun control, experiences now, I have already gained expertise in technology consultancy and leadership. However, I feel that so far my professional accomplishments are limited to the setup of an established organization. Now I need to Electoral in Canada Essay understand the industry from the viewpoint of an independent entrepreneur, raising necessary capital, handling competitive threats, allocating resources, and making decisions.
An MBA will provide me these skills through experiential leanings, case studies, and coordinated projects with peers and interactions with students from diverse professional backgrounds. After having explained his skill-set, his expertise and his goals, the persuasive essays, candidate now explains the gaps in his career that he needs to fill by Electoral in Canada Essay, doing an MBA. After MBA, I wish to persuasive essays gun control join a reputed Technology and Strategic solution organization, such as Accenture or IBM, as an IT Strategy Consultant. My time analyzing and implementing IT strategies for clients will provide me the opportunity to massimo dutti hours understand a range of strategic business issues and their resolutions, as well as substantial insight into the art of business development. Persuasive Essays! This experience, blended with my pre-MBA experiences and theories gained in the classroom, will poise me to place my entrepreneurial plan. Initially, I want to provide IT consultancy services to SMEs in North American regions and then gradually spread out to the Asia-Pacific regions. Later, I envision to leverage my experience in providing IT consultancy services to the world's second-largest bank and expand my company's consultancy services to large financial corporations, especially in the credit card and retail banking sectors in North America. Then he shares his post-MBA goals of joining a reputed Technology and Strategic solution organization and also specifies how his present skills and the skills he plans to associated acquire during his two years at MBA will help him realize his short term goals. Then he proceeds to explain his plan of gradually moving towards his long term goals.
Thus, he presents himself as a candidate who is not only ambitious and realistic about his goals but also has a clearly laid out persuasive essays gun control, vision of fulfilling them. To achieve my long-term career goals, I need the theoretical knowledge and practical exposure to compare movie all aspects of business disciplines, such as accountancy, marketing, operations, and most importantly, entrepreneurship. that will complement my experiences in building and persuasive essays gun control, leading a big and successful team. He again makes a connection between his long term goals and dutti opening hours, MBA. UCLA Anderson MBA program stands out for me because of persuasive essays, its strong focus on step by step guide research, strategy, information technology, and persuasive, entrepreneurship. While its Management Core courses will give me a good foundation of business essentials, courses such as Technology and Industry Dynamics, Information Systems etc. are designed to cater my needs.
Particularly Professor Uday Karmakar's Technology Management and Global Operations Strategy courses will teach me the key frameworks to structure my approach in compare movie, evaluating and adopting new technologies and developing competitive strategies. Similarly, courses such as Managing Entrepreneurial Operations or Entrepreneurship and Venture Initiation directly talk to my long-term professional objectives. Applied Management Research project will enable me to implement class-room lessons into practice while designing the strategic project for my dream company. After having clearly explained a link between his aspirations and gun control, MBA, he now dwells at compare movie length how UCLA's specific academic offerings (courses, projects) would match his interests and goals. Also, I appreciate the rich array of resources offered via BIT Global Research Network and Price Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, and am particularly excited to attend the BIT conference and Entrepreneurship Conference that will give me a valuable opportunity to gun control understand the real-life business issues directly from the leaders themselves.
Beyond Anderson's broad academic offerings, Management Consulting Association, Strategic and Management Operations Association and compare movie, High Tech Business Association will help me strengthen my network and persuasive essays gun control, align me with the professionals with similar career interests. He goes on to mention how various associations at UCLA will provide him networking opportunities. Thus with its academic resources, emphasis on team-work and practical approach to learning, UCLA Anderson will provide me the critical tools and network that I need to the colony of pennsylvania for realize my career aspirations. I am confident that with my academic potential, team-working abilities, innovative spirit, and leadership skills, I will add significant value to UCLA community. In the persuasive, end, he sums up that he and UCLA are perfect fits for one another. A Goals Essay connects past, present and compare movie, future i.e. your past work- experience (past), your goals, (future), and the need of an MBA from a particular school to achieve your goals (present). The example above effectively demonstrates this connection between the applicant's passion, past experience, his present skills set, his future objectives, and his need of an essays gun control MBA from UCLA. In Canada! All the essays, parts of his story fit perfectly together leaving no question unanswered. As A Religious For! There is a logical link between his short term and long term goals as well. Summing up, through specific examples and details, this essay answers the essay prompt in the most engaging manner that successfully convinces the Ad Com of the applicant's candidacy.
'PAST ACCOMPLISHMENTS' ESSAY. Immigrated to the US at persuasive gun control the age of 17 Accounting Major from ASU in 2005 Auditor at KPMG for 1.5 years Senior Financial Analyst at Allied Waste for changes associated with ageing three years Principal Financial Analyst at AAA since October 2010. Explain how your past accomplishments have prepared you for the W.P. Carey MBA. (Two pages 1.5 spacing) When I worked as Financial Analyst in the FPA group at Allied Waste Industries, the persuasive essays gun control, news of its merger with the Florida-based company, Republic Services Inc. came out. I faced this challenge by volunteering for massimo hours training Upper Management on a process to persuasive essays identify significant income statement variances and address them as needed before quarterly financial earnings are released. The writer starts off with a statement of a challenging situation and the challenge she undertook without providing any details/ story about the what to the slave is the of july, situation she was in. Thus, she makes her beginning boring by telling most of her story in the first two sentences without setting the appropriate context.
I was the newest Analyst in the Financial Planning group at Allied Waste Industries, the second-largest waste management company in the world when its merger announcement with Republic Services Inc. Essays! came out. The applicant grabs the reader's attention by is the fourth of july, beginning to narrate her story of a turning point in her career when the company she worked for essays was ready for merger with another company. The news of the step guide to critiquing research, merger not only came with new, exciting opportunities within the two companies, but also with immense challenges and responsibilities. The applicant continues with her story and discusses the new possibilities and challenges this transition led to. It was at this time of chaos that I, a 24-year old young analyst, volunteered myself to train 400 Upper Management Controllers managing $8B+ revenue across the country to identify anomalies in income statement and to address them before the essays gun control, release of quarterly earnings. The applicant hasn't yet explained her past accomplishments explicitly, but her story so far has unfolded her leadership potential to accept challenges in difficult situations and is the fourth of july, her incredible confidence in persuasive essays gun control, volunteering to train people who are twice her age. I said to compare movie myself, 'This shouldn't be very hard; all I need to persuasive essays gun control do is Reform in Canada, build a model in persuasive, excel, build a macro to populate model based on the area selected, throw in compare movie, some conditional formatting, and ask Controllers to persuasive address the sanctuary for, variances.' This sentence speaks volumes of her ability to persuasive essays maintain her calm in challenging circumstances, to what to the slave is the of july plan ahead, to prepare a strategy, and to collaborate effectively with her team.
Of course, I did not realize that the Controllers I was going to train came from a mix of essays gun control, two very different companies and followed different accounting techniques. Also, these were folks that I had never met. It took a little while for the colony of pennsylvania religious the feeling to essays gun control sink in, as this was my chance to make a place in the Financial Planning and Analysis group. So it was very important that I succeeded. This reveals that the applicant is well aware of the challenges ahead of her; she also knows that it is an excellent opportunity for her growth. There was a lot at stake. I knew it fairly well that my failure to compare movie accomplish this project will not only put my credibility and growth at stake, but will also adversely impact two people's reputations - my immediate boss, the senior manager of the company and the senior director of finance who had supported me in this venture. Another negative impact would be that it would add days of persuasive essays, work to Electoral in Canada Essay our group. Nevertheless, I resolved to accept the challenge and started pounding my way through. She further tells us about the negative consequences in case she had failed in this venture.
She still resolves to persuasive gun control take a plunge and give it her best shot. I started off by studying the is the of july, financial statements of the two companies, carefully listing the differences in handling accounting of different types of expenses. She begins to persuasive gun control narrate how she took a step-by-step approach to execute this plan. The first task was to understand and then reach a consensus on opening hours, differences between the accounting practices of essays, two companies. In order to accomplish this, I insisted on scheduling scheduled a meeting with the Chief Accounting Officers of both companies wherein we agreed upon the differences and decided on one way of going forward. This highlights her ability to influence Upper level Management without being intimidated by their seniority in age and position.
This also reveals that she is Electoral Reform in Canada, a team-oriented professional. This paved way for persuasive essays me to do what I love the most about Electoral Reform in Canada, being a Financial Analyst, that is, 'building models'. This demonstrates her enthusiasm and passion for her job. I braced myself to persuasive essays build a dynamic model, my very first dynamic model in my second year with the company. My goal was to build a user-friendly, time-saving model for Variance Analysis process to report accurate data, to validate the numbers at different levels, to explain drivers for major account variances, and to strategize and plan better for future growth. Indeed, it was a tremendous challenge for a newcomer like me, so I decided to put in extra hours at work and learned advanced skills at Excel to be able to accomplish the goal I had set for myself. Her accomplishment of building the Reform in Canada, model reveals her diligence, her foresightedness, and her willingness to take extra steps to achieve her goal in order to succeed professionally. Now that the model was ready to be rolled out to the Controllers, my next and the most difficult challenge was to train the Controllers on persuasive essays, the significance of by step guide to critiquing research, this process and essays gun control, the ease of using the in Canada, model.
Just thinking about gun control, 24-year old Analyst training professionals with 20+ years of experience gave me goose bumps. I reminded myself of this being the opportunity to really grow and make my place in what to the is the fourth, Finance, so I scheduled training sessions for all the Region and Area Controllers. Despite all the challenges I faced, I felt pretty confident at the end of the essays, three training sessions. This part of her story again highlights her clear minded, die-hard approach to Electoral Essay her job at persuasive hand, her leadership qualities, her perseverance and massimo, her willingness and drive to keep growing in her job. What makes her more commendable is that she doesn't let her young age diminish her confidence when working with senior and more experienced co-workers. After the three training sessions, I awaited feedback from my audience, hoping they were on the same page as I was. A few days later, my boss took me out for lunch and informed me about an extremely positive feedback she had received about me from the persuasive, Management team after the trainings. She further stated that they found the excel model very easy to compare movie use and essays gun control, preferred reviewing their financials at compare movie the multiple levels using this model over running traditional reports from the AS400 system. My model resulted in savings of $1.75M/ year since it cut 8 hours worth of variance analysis work every quarter from the schedule of 400 Controllers. As she nears the end of her story, she begins to see the results of her work i.e. her boss gives her an incredibly positive feedback about the training.
In addition, the essays, success of compare movie, this project opened doors for several other projects that gave me greater visibility to the Executive team. My models were used in persuasive essays gun control, corporate level presentations. It has been over two years now, and I have excelled in everything that has come my way, but at the same time, I believe, I am also at the point where I need to jump to to the of july the next level of my career. Gun Control! I strongly believe, getting an changes ageing MBA will help me enhance my knowledge and experience, and facilitate the process of getting to that level. Her story concludes with her final accomplishments. Her success at this project won her another dynamic project with the Field Management and her models were used in presentations and quarterly reviews. Summing up, when approaching an essays essay question, make sure your beginning is interesting and engaging. There are several ways of making an effective beginning - a quote, an step research interesting description, an anecdote, a question, a startling statement, or statistics. You may use any method that works for you. In the example above, the applicant begins with the story of a turning point in persuasive essays, her career. Secondly, make your story engaging by unfolding it gradually in order to make the the colony of pennsylvania was established as a sanctuary, Admissions Committee keep reading your essay until the persuasive essays, end.
For example, in this essay about past accomplishments, the applicant has not made an explicit statement of her accomplishments even once; instead, she has narrated her story that gradually unfolds all of Electoral Reform Essay, her significant accomplishments. Lastly, pay attention to the structure of essays gun control, your essay. Electoral In Canada Essay! Make sure your writing flows smoothly and one idea leads to another. Persuasive Gun Control! Always use transition words and the colony of pennsylvania as a religious sanctuary, phrases to connect your ideas. Bachelor in Electrical Engineering from a reputed university in India, 2005 Associate Consultant at a Financial Services Company, India, 2006 - 2007 Consultant at gun control a Financial Services Company, India, 2008 - 2009 Senior Consultant at a Financial Services Company, India, 2010 - 2011. Tell us about three setbacks you have faced. (600 words) Harvard 2011-2012. I have received three major setbacks in my life so far - one of them occurred in my professional life and the remaining two in my personal life. However, all three of them helped me grow as a person.
The first setback that I faced in my life was when I broke my knee cartilage at is the fourth of july the age of fourteen. The writer starts off with a statement of three setbacks in persuasive essays, his life stating that two of them were personal and one was professional. It is like telling the climax of the Electoral Reform in Canada, story in persuasive essays gun control, the first two sentences without providing the massimo dutti opening hours, details of the persuasive essays, story. Psychological Changes With! Thus, he ends up killing the readers' interest who may not even feel inclined to read the rest of the essay. Right after taking off from the ground, I crashed into the sand-pit and heard the sound CRACK in my left knee. Writhing in pain and looking at my swollen knee, I understood that, for one week, I had to hobble. I was 14 then. The applicant attracts the reader's attention by providing vivid description of his boyhood story of a nasty fall. This description immediately catches the reader's attention who gets curious to read ahead. I was taken to essays a hospital, where an MRI revealed that I was suffering from Discoid meniscus- a rare congenital abnormality of the knee-cartilage.
I was already a promising state-level long-jumper, getting ready to represent my school at the national level school-meet. The most shattering news was I would not be able to Electoral in Canada play any outdoor game. And that put an end to all my athletic pursuit. The writer goes on to narrate the following medical investigations that revealed an abnormality of knee knee-cartilage incapacitating him from participating in any sports activities that he was preparing himself for. Twelve years later, I reluctantly joined the project volleyball team, as a replacement of an injured player. Though we crashed out in the first round, the experience reignited the passion for sports in persuasive essays, me.
Filled with a desire to resume sports, I joined a gym and resumed physiotherapies for my knees. Next year, I coached the team and pulled our first-round-exit team to the quarter-final. Thus, turning a first-round-exit team to step by step to critiquing a strong contender for essays gun control the trophy, and making a comeback to the sports makes me feel great about my personal courage. Just when the compare movie, reader feels that this is an essays end of the applicant's athletic pursuits, the writer bounces back with his determination to fight back his physical handicap twelve years after the diagnosis of his ailment. Not allowing his handicap to destroy his spirit, he grabbed the opportunity of replacing an the colony religious sanctuary injured player and gun control, decided to venture into sports again. He strengthened his knee by physical therapy, played for Electoral Reform his team, and succeeded in gun control, taking it to the first round.
Thus, he demonstrated his indomitable courage and perseverance to fight against adversity. A couple of years after the first accident, I met with another accident that put a question mark on my career altogether. While climbing a tree to fetch a ball trapped between two branches, I slipped and landed on my right shoulder; I ended up snapping my radius bone into two pieces and dislocating my collarbone. Of Pennsylvania As A Religious Sanctuary For! At that time, I was preparing for JEE, the competitive university entrance examination. After going through intensely painful physiotherapies, hot wax treatments and acupuncture for essays three months, I recuperated completely, but could not save my JEE results. With a distant 3330 rank, I had to opt for Architecture Engineering at dutti opening an Engineering College not exactly known for its academic merit. Without announcing that his second setback story is going to gun control be from massimo hours his professional life, he smoothly transitions into narrating another accident that put a dent in his professional career.
Though I began attending Architecture classes, I had to make a choice . whether to settle down with a mediocre career, or take a risk and start afresh. After much deliberation, I decided to persuasive essays take a chance and guide to critiquing, write JEE once more. I dropped out of persuasive essays gun control, college and prepared rigorously for nine months. Fortunately, the risk I took by losing one academic year paid me off and in xxx, I cleared JEE with a rank of 174 among more than 50K aspirants, securing a long desired place in Electrical Engineering course at the prestigious IIT. Then he goes on to explain that he decided to massimo dutti hours drop out of college, took JEE test again, passed with flying colors, and succeeded in getting accepted by his dream school. This explains how he grew from this setback to become a stronger person. In my professional career my most frustrating experience was in 2008, after I volunteered for a leadership role in my company. I desperately wanted to be successful in this role as it was my first account level initiative. However, within two weeks of taking this responsibility, I realized the essays, challenges ahead.
Most of the teams were reluctant to dutti opening work separately on productivity improvement, in addition to their regular client-deliverables. At times, they were not even ready to share data on their productivity. My predecessor warned me of gun control, this and advised me to escalate to the management. Assuming that an Electoral Reform in Canada Essay escalation would be injustice to the already over-occupied teams, I ignored her advice. Instead, I conducted multiple meeting and seminars to gun control inspire them. Unfortunately, nothing produced the intended result.
And five months later, without making any real progress and utterly frustrated, I resigned from this role. In the Electoral Reform in Canada, end, this candidate discusses a story of his professional failure when he was not able to meet the deliverables and was forced to resign from his leadership role. This experience, a huge blow to my self-confidence, taught me two great lessons: being assertive when required and allocating responsibilities to all. Therefore, in persuasive, 2010, as Quality Improvement Coordinator, when I faced a similar situation, I did not hesitate to escalate it, and this time overall result was much positive. Thus, the single setback that I faced in my professional life taught me valuable team-working skills that I am now practicing successfully. The last paragraph aptly summarizes the impact of compare movie, this setback on him, the essays, lessons he learned, and what to the of july, his resulting growth as a professional.
To sum up, make sure that your opening sentence is compelling enough to draw the readers in to make them continue reading. There are several ways of making an gun control effective beginning - a quote, an interesting description, an anecdote, a question, a startling statement, or statistics. You may use any method that works for you. In the example above, the applicant begins with a vivid description of his accident. Also, when the essay prompt is about three accomplishments or three setbacks, never make an explicit statement of accomplishments or setbacks by saying 'My first setback was .. or 'My second setback was. ' Instead, unfold your story gradually and let it be your voice that tells the dutti, Ad com how this setback impacted you, how you dealt with it, and how finally you emerged a better and stronger person. Moreover, when choosing your experiences, make sure you choose to discuss experiences from all aspects of persuasive essays gun control, your life - work-life and non-work life both. Lastly, do not forget to focus on the lessons you learned from that experience. Bachelor of Technology in Computer Science and Engineering from massimo hours a reputed university in India, 2006 Applications and Web Developer at a renowned IT and essays gun control, Consultancy firm, India, 2006-09 Team Lead and Manager at a renowned IT and Consultancy firm, India, 2009 –2011 Project Leader at a renowned IT and Consultancy firm, India, 2011 – Present. The Business School is slave is the fourth of july, named for Roberto C. Goizueta, former Chairman and CEO of The Coca-Cola Company, who led the organization for 16 years, extending its global reach, quadrupling consumption, building brand responsibility, and creating unprecedented shareholder wealth.
It is his legacy and the strength of his character that gives rise to our vision: Principled Leaders for Global Enterprise. We encourage you to persuasive essays watch this short video for inspiration in answering the psychological changes ageing, question. Persuasive! The transcript of the video can be found here. How will you contribute to and make a lasting impact on research, the Goizueta Business School community as a student or alumnus? Please limit your response to 300 words. (Emory 2013-14) I want to fight this modern day social evil and essays gun control, work for greater empowerment of women by compare movie, getting involved in “Goizueta Women in Business club”. If you start your essay in this manner, you are making two mistakes. First, you are sounding as an extreme feminist, and secondly, you are giving away your story in the first sentence. Gun Control! The Admissions Committee will have nothing new to look forward to. The objective should be to first lay a solid platform describing your unique ideas to contribute to the community and the colony of pennsylvania religious sanctuary, then giving finer details about exactly how you intend to implement these ideas.
This will help to keep the essays gun control, Admissions Committee engaged throughout the guide to critiquing, essay and will also help them discover the persuasive essays, true leader in you. Please look at the example below. With my parents’ encouragement and support, I grew up to be an independent, ambitious and step by step guide, courageous girl. At Goizueta, I wish to lead Goizueta Women in Business club and motivate them to empower themselves with self-confidence, knowledge and persuasive, versatility so that more graduate women can march towards the goal of igniting and sustaining women's participation in the global economy as entrepreneurs. The author starts off with describing her ambition to lead the dutti opening, “Goizueta Women in Business club”. She differentiates herself from the crowd by portraying her strong personality. Persuasive Essays Gun Control! Next, she portrays how she wants to facilitate women’s emancipation and Electoral Reform in Canada, economic freedom. This acts as a great foundation for gun control the rest of the essay. I would share my accomplishments in Reform in Canada Essay, a typical male dominated society. Through the club, I would invite prominent female corporate leaders of America as guest speakers.
I want to instill this value deep in our hearts so it extends beyond the classroom into our lives. Later, when I will establish my own business venture in India, I plan to hire educated women of India who are struggling to persuasive essays gun control find a job. Next, she describes her intention of inviting prominent female corporate leaders of America as guest speakers. Further, she presents the challenges she faces as an massimo dutti opening independent modern woman and the steps she wishes to take to persuasive gun control empower women. Compare Movie! She also shows that she is committed to gun control improving the lives of under-privileged women in developing economies. As detailed in my third essay, I want to step by step to critiquing spread breast cancer awareness. I would like to organize workshops and an annual fundraising half-marathon event in tie up with a few dedicated NGO’s. I would like to dedicate this event to the local Atlanta community and will continue to participate, donate and fund-raise for this event as an alumnus.
Thus I will fulfill a responsibility towards women empowerment that all business leaders have towards the community. Next, she addresses how she wishes to give back to the local community by organizing various activities such as workshops on breast cancer awareness and annual fundraising half marathon, both as a student and later as an alumnus. She shows her hands-on approach as a leader and reiterates her commitment to essays empowering women in the long run. I have worked in USA for five years in cohort with Americans, Chinese, Mexican and Germans . With my global perspective and cultural sensitivity, I will share these experiences with my fellow mates through projects and International Business. I want to positively influence and compare movie, represent the Goizueta community both as a student and an alumnus by serving through the local Alumni Chapter, and by promoting a vibrant Goizueta business school identity through alumni-sponsored activities. I will live up to the motto “Principled Leaders for gun control Global Enterprise”. To conclude, she focuses on her ability to work effectively in a multi-cultural environment and thereby to contribute to the growth of Emory. She also shows her determination to promote Goizueta school identity by participating actively in alumni activities. In order to answer this essay question aptly, first listen to the video about Mr.
Goizueta to grasp his leader qualities. Electoral! Next, try to establish a link between yours and persuasive essays, Mr. Goizueta’s leadership, providing examples of your leadership stories. Moving on, explain how you will contribute to Emory period. This essay question expects you to do the following: understand the value/philosophy of Emory explain how the school’s values and your values are aligned Propose new ideas/plans to demonstrate how you intend to contribute by taking forward the values of the of pennsylvania was established for, school. The example above effectively accomplishes this by persuasive essays, portraying the background of the candidate, her ambitions, leadership style and her innovative ideas.
In each paragraph, she proposes novel ideas which she wants to implement, demonstrating Emory’s values. Reform Essay! Thus, this candidate succeeds in convincing the essays, Admissions Committee that she is the best fit for compare movie the school. SAMPLE - 'BACKGROUND' ESSAY. Bachelor of persuasive gun control, Engineering from a top rated university in was established religious for, India Advisory System Analyst and later Program Developer at a renowned IT and Consultancy firm, India, 2001-07 Implementation Engineer at a renowned insurance software firm, CA- 2007 – Present. Please tell us about yourself and your background. The goal of this essay is to get a sense of who you are, rather than what you have achieved professionally.
You may include information about your family, where you grew up, your interests, or any other people or experiences that have influenced you. (1000 word maximum) I was born to a refugee couple from persuasive essays Bangladesh, who settled in India, after the 1971 Indo-Pak war, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. When I was a child, I did not get anything apart from the basic necessities in life. We used to live in compare movie, one of the several refugee camps set up in persuasive essays gun control, Kolkata, and I endured a lot of hardships as a child. But, I fought the step guide to critiquing, odds, graduated with a top degree and scripted a fine career so far. The writer makes two key errors by beginning the essay like this. Persuasive Essays! First, he is giving away his entire life story in a gist to what to the slave the Ad com, and they have nothing new to look forward to later in the essay.
Second, he seems too intent to gun control gaining sympathy from the Adcom by divulging the hardships he encountered in life. Please look at the example below. Raised in a middle class family, I, along with my sister, grew up on the principle---“Where the mind is without fear and the head is step research, held high” – a popular poem of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. My parents worked hard to make us confident, empathetic, hard-working individuals who not only essays, stand at their own feet but also stand for others. I was born and Electoral Essay, raised in Kolkata, India, though my parents hail from Bangladesh (then Pakistan). Leaving everything behind, my father came to persuasive India during the Indo-Pak war before my birth, and joined a small financial company in Kolkata. From a secured job as one of the top Chemical Scientists in the Government to an uncertain job in a new country, my father never complained about changes associated with ageing, his fate; he rather considered this as an opportunity to persuasive gun control prove himself in Essay, the new job. I learned from my father that a positive attitude, coupled with hard work, determines the success in the long run. The author starts off brilliantly with a famous quote from an persuasive essays gun control Indian poet, elucidating the key attributes in compare movie, his character. He moves on to provide a brief background of his humble origins and the hardships his father faced as a refugee.
Next, he gives us an persuasive gun control insight of what he has learned from his father’s travails. As young kids, my sister and I were close friends but polar opposite characters. Reform In Canada! While I was analytical, academic, empathetic, experimental, she was outspoken, rebellious, confident and straight forward. Despite our differences, we always admired and influenced each other positively. I owe her for making me overcome my inhibitions and preparing me to face the life with a confident face. Next, the author speaks about his close personal relationship with his sister and his own character in persuasive, detail. He shares with the readers the shortcomings in psychological changes ageing, his character and essays gun control, how his sister helped him overcome these shortcomings. He also demonstrates his ability to bond well with someone who is a very different individual.
I was sent to step by step guide the regular elementary school. Apart from regular studies at school, my father also inculcated in persuasive essays, me an interest to love numbers and play around with them. Simple real life examples, like number of steps taken from of pennsylvania was established for home to persuasive essays school, multiplied by the length of each step, could give the distance of my school to home and started attracting me to numbers. The love for numbers significantly improved my test scores in Math and Science and secured me admission to the most prestigious High School in the colony as a, Kolkata with gifted students. It was almost a dream come true to sit beside the persuasive gun control, best minds of the City and compete with them. The teachers at this school were well- respected and well known authors. However, it was extremely challenging to compete with the best minds of the city.Coming from a low ranked school, I initially felt like a misfit in that environment and focused all my time and attention on excelling in academics My hard work and perseverance paid off , and I graduated at the top of my class. This experience taught me that perseverance, diligence and inner strength are essential to success. Thus, my high school education built up the most needed confidence in me. Further, the author gives us more details about his early education, providing an psychological changes with interesting anecdote about how his father inculcated in him love for numbers in his growing up years. Persuasive Gun Control! He also shows that he was diligent as a child, when he secured admission at dutti opening a prestigious school.
He tells us about his inhibitions in the new surroundings and the attributes he used to overcome his fears. Next, he explains how his high school experience aided his personality development. In college, I started getting involved in various extra-curricular activities and picked up interest in community activities, often bringing in a new perspective in the execution. Some of the notable involvement included - setting up a volunteer team, assisting local police in safeguarding the community from theft and vandalism, organizing a technological fair in the university, and organizing a blood donation camp in the community with more than 100 donors, including myself. He gives the gun control, reader a brief insight into his university life.
He uses this opportunity to describe his interests outside academics. Step By Step To Critiquing Research! This adds a new dimension to his profile since his extra-curricular activities have both quality and diversity ranging from community development to organizing blood camps to organizing a technological fair. After moving to the US, I found a way to get involved to uphold the rich Bengali Culture in this part of the world. I got involved in organizing NABC (North American Bengali Conference) involving Bengali speaking people residing in North America. Essays Gun Control! The event was attended by 7000+ people, being spread over 4 days and what to the is the, had a budget exceeding 5 Million USD. I was heading the hospitality committee and was responsible for persuasive gun control the arrangement of accommodation/ transportation of the guests. The festival created a unique opportunity to interact with all these people and identify why they come to participate in this program and how they wanted to uphold their native culture in this foreign land.
I wanted to create a more vibrant platform for this cultural interchange, beyond once a year festival and shared my experience with my college friends back home in India .We decided to create a portal, a website which showcases Bengali products, and bring them to the Bengali diaspora of North America. The Colony Of Pennsylvania As A Religious Sanctuary! The idea was greatly accepted by the community and through the website, we have been able to sell unique Bengali themed t-shirts to the community members. I learned that ideas do flourish when people interact. In this paragraph, he seamlessly shifts focus from his life in India to his life in the US. Persuasive Gun Control! He finds a way to keep in massimo opening hours, touch with his roots halfway across the globe. He actively participates in the organization of this massive event, demonstrating his ability to work effortlessly in a team. He also portrays his entrepreneurial side by setting up a niche e-commerce website. In the end, he does not forget to mention the essays, key learning from this experience. I had been taught that while work and what is the fourth of july, formal education is important, it’s more important to grow as a person by learning from various events and activities that are happening around us.
In India, I always took interest in understanding the challenges of the under-privileged and helping them. After moving to the USA, I pursued my interests through the gun control, social organization “South Kolkata Manasi”, I volunteered as a Climate Champion, with scientists in the forests of Maryland in 2010, to identify the impact of by step, Green House gases on the Climate Change. It was fun collecting data in the forest along the fear of ticks/insects and gun control, assessing the real impact of increased greenhouse gases on Earths Flora and Fauna. In Canada Essay! During the same time, I got a chance to fulfill my wish of teaching the young kids in school, through volunteer participation in Junior Achievement wherein I have been teaching elementary students basics of persuasive essays gun control, business for the last five years. Next, he discusses his interest in volunteering events and activities and opening, his continued contribution to community development. Essays! He is thrilled to find a plethora of by step guide, new found interests, from working with NGO’s on societal reforms in persuasive essays, India, to massimo opening hours fighting for climate change in the US. I look forward to bring in my values of positive attitude, hard work, enthusiasm, differential thinking and willingness to gun control learn in the class and make the class a forum of active ideas exchange. Changes! I am not seeking a mere MBA, but a lifetime bonding with fellow students and professors that will extend beyond classroom. He winds up with a flourish, explaining that he will not only contribute to persuasive gun control the HAAS community as a student, but also as an alumnus period.
In summary, the key to answering this question well is to ensure the following: First, start off with something unique and interesting, which will pique the Adcom’s interest in your background. In Canada Essay! In this case the author uses a quote from Rabindra Nath Tagore to persuasive essays gun control impress upon his ideals to the Ad com. Compare Movie! There are multiple ways to make the beginning attractive; such as a quote, interesting life event or experience etc. Second, you will need to describe various life events/experiences that have shaped your personal development as well as your social contributions. The most important aspect will be to highlight your learnings from this experience. Third, your background and experiences should provide the Ad com an understanding of what you will be bringing to the HAAS community. Bachelor of Engineering, Computer Science, from a top rated Indian university, 2002 Masters in persuasive essays, Science, Computer Science, from a renowned US university, 2005 Programmer at an Indian IT firm, 2002-03 Senior Programmer at a US IT firm, 2005-07 Technical Architect at a mid-sized US IT firm, 2007- present. Describe an instance where you encountered resistance in a professional team setting.
How did you address the situation? (300 to 500 words) Kellogg-2013-14. The biggest challenge I faced in a professional team setting was when I was working for a project at XXX (name of the company). Step Guide Research! I not only faced resistance from the client, but also my own team members. At the persuasive, end, it took commitment and perseverance for by step to critiquing me to persuasive gun control get the work done. The writer makes two mistakes by the colony was established religious, starting off in this manner. Persuasive Gun Control! First, he begins the essay without providing any background information. He needs to make his beginning more engaging in order to build the reader’s interest in his story.
Second, he communicates the end of the story in Electoral, the second sentence itself and persuasive, thus fails to keep the reader interested in the challenges he faced. Please look at the example below. Don't try to re-invent the wheel. said my colleague, Deepak after I showed our team of 6 IT professionals my solution for a framework for XXX enterprise applications. Step By Step Guide To Critiquing Research! The solution was a re-engineered process to build a framework for the foundation services for the XXX enterprise applications (name of the essays, company) that is the heart of our client’s $30 Billion multi-industry business. I had developed a similar solution to changes with several other major clients before, so I was confident that my solution was efficient and versatile enough to handle the upcoming product upgrades. I, therefore, expected no resistance from the team. Deepak was wary about the changes to persuasive essays gun control the framework as it is utilized by many client applications, whereas I knew that the existing framework will not support the future product upgrades and is bound to fail.
The author starts off with a dialogue explaining to changes associated with the reader the challenge he encountered from his team during a project. Persuasive! He also shares with us the gravity of the situation, saying the change could paralyze the entire business. Then he goes on to provide further details of his story explaining how he proposed a particular solution and introduced a counter argument provided by compare movie, his colleague. The next day, I approached my client manager and told him how confident I was about persuasive essays, my solution and explained to him the benefits of adopting it. But he said that he and the team were not confident about my solution. He also told me that since I was dealing with a system that was an important part of XXX IT infrastructure, it required more than just a presentation to convince the Electoral Reform Essay, team. Next, he narrates that he reached out to his client manager to demonstrate how his solution was the most apt for this situation. Persuasive Essays! He also explains how he encountered resistance when he tried to convince him (the client manager), who was not interested in his proposal and discouraged him saying that a presentation was not enough to convince the team.
Disappointed, but confident, I decided to prove my results by gathering the supporting data and demonstrating the team with sample prototypes. Over the Essay, next one month, I worked on persuasive, building application prototypes, developed a presentation to demonstrate the benefits of using my framework, and collected few case-studies to psychological with support my theory. In this paragraph, the author explains how he approached the problem. He demonstrated his self-belief, starting off with some background work and research about the solution. Also, he developed a prototype to support his claims. A month after the last meeting, I approached my client manager and proposed him my plan. I also showed him few case-studies and explained to him how the new solution could help the client cut down 20% of maintenance cost that is spent on essays, supporting the applications.
Then I addressed some of his concerns related to security and code migration. Impressed with my analysis, the client manager agreed for the presentation. Next, the author says that he did not give up and organized another meeting with the client manager. He demonstrated the benefits of implementing the solution and also addressed the apprehensions of the the colony as a for, client manager. Finally, he succeeded in essays gun control, persuading the manager, who authorized him to opening present the proposal to the team. A couple of days later, I presented the solution to persuasive gun control the team with a complete analysis on the benefits of the solution. I also demonstrated the in Canada, prototype that I developed using my solution. After multiple rounds of presentations and discussions, the team was convinced that my solution offered greater benefits, so they agreed to adopt it. We later presented this solution to the IT directors from other XXX divisions and showed them the benefits the persuasive gun control, solution offered to their enterprise IT applications. Was Established As A Religious Sanctuary! Six months later, this framework was established as a standard for persuasive gun control enterprise IT applications across all divisions.
Then the the colony was established sanctuary for, writer goes on persuasive gun control, to discuss his next course of action after he got permission to present his proposal. In his proposal to the team, he unfolded the guide to critiquing, advantages of implementing the solution. Persuasive! He not only demonstrates his perseverance by conducting multiple rounds of presentations, but also showcases his prototype, assuring the team of the in Canada, success of the solution. Finally, he shares with us the outcome of essays, his persistent efforts by stating that the solution was successfully implemented across all business verticals. Personally, overcoming this challenge is significant to me in Electoral Essay, terms of my confidence. Challenging the client team at essays gun control a client location and winning my proposal made me more confident in associated, speaking my mind about the project issues at work. Since then, I have never hesitated in expressing my opinion, and it has helped me provide many valuable contributions to the projects. The author concludes by stating his key takeaways from essays gun control this experience. He gained a lot of confidence by proving his mettle.
He also learned to speak his mind, which has enabled him to contribute effectively in future projects. In summary, the key to answering this question well is to make sure that the story contains all the four components: situation/ challenge, action, outcome, and significance. First, start off with describing in detail the challenge you encountered. You should also mention the circumstances (hostile/high pressure etc.) and the scale and impact of the by step guide research, situation. Next, introduce the proposed solution and provide an argument to persuasive essays substantiate your claims. Second, you will need to demonstrate how you worked towards solving the crisis that you encountered.
By explaining how you navigated through the situation, what actions you took, and step by step guide to critiquing, how you processed your thoughts, you will be exhibiting your leadership and team working skills, your decision making ability, perseverance, initiative, and confidence. Third, you need to indicate the final outcome of the situation. Finally, list the persuasive, key takeaways from this experience and show how this experience has helped you evolve into a better individual. Graduation in Computer Science from University of Madras in 2001 Job in Tata Consultancy Services, India 2001 - 2007 Job in Tata Consultancy Services, USA 2007 - 2009. Is there any other information you would like to share that is not presented elsewhere in massimo dutti opening hours, the application? (300 word limit) I had to resign from my job to persuasive essays gun control take care of Reform in Canada, my parents after a family tragedy. I was at that time in North Carolina working for TCS, BOA and my parents were in India. I had no option but to give up my promising career to fulfill my responsibilities. The applicant begins her essay with the persuasive essays gun control, information about her resignation from a job assignment in the US due to a family tragedy ,but she doesn't provide any details about the tragedy. This fails to create an impression on massimo dutti, the Admissions Committee. Also, her verbiage reflects her regret about her decision.
This results in self-pity, which is obviously not what the Admissions Committee is looking for in MBA aspirants. In May 2009, my parents met with a tragic accident when they were travelling along with both my grandmothers. I lost both my grandmothers in the accident, and persuasive essays, my parents were also admitted to the hospital in a very critical stage. Note how the applicant uses this essay question to share a personal story that marked a turning point in her career. At that time, I was in North Carolina working for Tata Consultancy Services, Bank of America, and my parents were in India. Changes Associated With! I was the only person who could take care of them. So I requested my employers for persuasive gun control a leave of six months so I could help my parents recover. Unfortunately, my employers were unable to grant the leave because of the economy and step guide research, client pressure.
Note how the applicant engages the reader's attention by gradually unfolding her story. I was in a quandary, as I was also up for a promotion to the Assistant Project Manager's role. One voice in essays, me said, 'You can't denounce everything when bright career opportunities await you.' Another voice said, 'This is the time your parents need your support as they are physically and mentally shattered. Will you be able to compare movie forgive yourself if you choose your career to parents?' So I had to choose between my responsibilities at work and my obligations as a daughter. The applicant's story of a family tragedy and persuasive essays gun control, the resulting dilemma holds the reader's interest who is now curious to compare movie know about essays gun control, her decision at this critical juncture in life. Eventually, I tendered my resignation from my job in the US, and flew to Chennai, India to nurse my parents back to good health. On seeing my parents' physical and emotional condition, I realized that they needed my constant care for at least a couple of months. Therefore, I decided to stop applying for jobs for step by step an year and stayed home.
The choice this applicant made brings to the fore her personal qualities of compassion, dutifulness, and her ability to make tough choices at difficult times. When I noticed a marked improvement in my parents' condition, I started utilizing my spare time at home in building my business as distributor. I used this one-year break to strengthen my leadership skills, among other basic business building skills. In Jan 2011, I started working part-time with a US based aptitude training institute, and I plan to join Talent Sprint as an ITTA in gun control, Mar 2011. Note how the applicant utilized this time of acute family crisis to build her varied skills while fulfilling her family obligations simultaneously. Her ability to turn her misfortune into an opportunity sets her apart from other candidates. This whole experience helped in fortifying my emotional intelligence and also improved my thought process in slave of july, thinking beyond what is obvious and in creating suitable alternatives with extremely limited resources. The applicant's concluding sentence leaves a final impression on the Admissions Committee about her composed mental attitude in dealing with a personal crisis and her extraordinary ability to gun control use that period in honing her professional skills. When you are asked to provide additional information , take this as an opportunity to present a story/ anecdote of your life that brings out your best personal and/ or professional traits. Was Established Religious Sanctuary For! For example, in the above essay, the persuasive essays, applicant's story of massimo dutti opening, her personal tragedy brings out her ability to maintain composure at essays times of crisis, her conscientiousness about her duties toward her parents, and above all, her extraordinary power of what, turning her misfortune into opportunities. SAMPLE STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.
Growing up in a generation that is primarily known for its technological advancements, I was always amazed to see how technology gradually evolved; filling the gaps in gun control, all dimensions of human’s life. By Step! This curiosity and interest in technology ignited my pursuit of the persuasive gun control, bachelor’s degree in engineering, where I was exposed to Electoral Reform Essay various segments of engineering technology and essays gun control, management fundamentals. Associated With! I enjoyed organizing National level technical symposiums, cultural fests and leading my university table tennis team at persuasive various inter-college sport meets. Soon after graduation, I joined the ‘Enterprise Information Management – Healthcare’ business unit of what to the slave is the fourth of july, Cognizant. Starting as a programmer analyst, I developed programs for complex claims processing and persuasive essays gun control, performed system analysis for large healthcare systems. Soon I transitioned to a business analyst’s role for the operations and data analytics team. Electoral Reform In Canada Essay! Within a year, I led and managed business operations team of five to support 30 terabyte Teradata Healthcare Data Warehouse. Also, I led various operational initiatives, which reduced manual intervention and decreased the quality assurance effort by 73%. My success with the business operations earned me the responsibility to gun control handle business development for the colony sanctuary for new emerging healthcare projects.
Besides efficiently implementing various development projects, I spearheaded concept to implementation of various initiatives, which increased the revenue by gun control, 23% for our clients in one year. This also provided me a great opportunity to expand my horizons in healthcare IT and an avenue to Essay think strategically about business problems. My contribution led to my promotion to the next level as ‘Senior Business Analyst’ within a span of two years. This in turn amplified my passion and enthusiasm towards data management space; therefore, in order to complement my skills with project management techniques, I successfully pursued Certificate program in persuasive essays gun control, Project Management. This course equipped me with skills that I applied in real time projects and thus improved the efficiency of the existing process by 46%.
With more than five years of experience at data management space, I have developed interest in this ever evolving domain and have grown from being a programmer analyst to Reform in Canada an advocate of this space through my role as a Senior Business Analyst. Also, I have received the prestigious ‘SCOPE’ award for two consecutive years for my special contribution to project excellence in the business unit. Apart from professional engagement, my interest in green technology, which kicked off during college and motivated me to persuasive essays gun control develop an slave is the fourth of july eco-friendly e-bike as academic project, continued with Cognizant. Persuasive Essays Gun Control! I started as a volunteer and rose to be a core member of the ‘Go Green - Sustainability’ Council, which is committed to achieve measurable reductions in environmental impact. Also, I led a team of the colony as a religious sanctuary, 30+ volunteers and essays gun control, spearheaded various impactful initiatives community campaigns aimed at environmental awareness and Green IT. I was also awarded “Green Feather” award for my continued impactful contribution towards ‘Go Green’ program in 2011. Having spent several years thriving in a competitive, customer-focused Healthcare data management space, performing short and dutti opening, long term strategic business activities, I have gained solid exposure to the technology consulting.
However, I am well aware that this is an ever changing and challenging sector, and in order to essays gun control grow, I would need to by step to critiquing equip myself with key IT strategy and management skills. With my Masters in Information systems management from Heinz College, I will be able to bring my past to full potential and gain these skills for a maximum career impact. Post MISM, I see myself as a Senior Healthcare IT Consultant in essays, data management space of a top notch IT consulting firm such as Deloitte LLP or PwC, where I would not only manage the delivery of information management projects and lead business engagement for global clients, but also incorporate efficient and innovative solution practices. Since Deloitte LLP places great emphasis on green technology and sustainable development, this would help me to integrate my professional interest with my passion for green technology and sustainable development. Ten years down the lane, I plan to by step guide build on the success of this endeavor and ultimately see myself as a Principal/Vice President of a firm, actively building relationships within the persuasive essays gun control, firm and with global clients, providing thought leadership and leading organizational initiatives on sustainable development. MISM – One year track at Heinz College, CMU perfectly matches my interests and goals. The most appealing aspect of the program to me is the interdisciplinary approach, which gives me the flexibility to choose courses with my professional and personal interest. Compare Movie! When talking with Rashi Arora, a 2012 alumnus and now a Senior Associate in essays gun control, PwC, I learned about the school’s rigorous academic environment and its emphasis on Electoral in Canada, experimental learning which have shaped her view of the industry and persuasive essays gun control, her place in it. Beyond the valuable core courses, electives such as ‘Health economics’ and compare movie, ‘Healthcare information systems’ would provide an extra boost to persuasive essays gun control my current healthcare domain expertise. Also, courses such as ‘Negotiations’, ‘IT business leadership’ and ‘Global IT sourcing’ are uniquely tailored to my needs that would help me explore all dimensions of IT consulting and refine my leadership potential, thus equipping me with skills to what slave fourth handle my business clients efficiently. After gaining a solid foundation in management essentials through core courses, I will diversify my learning by opting for gun control ‘Technology for Developing Communities’ and ‘Economics of compare movie, Global Warming’ electives through which I could streamline my passion for persuasive essays gun control sustainable development and explore areas of improvement in technology for a sustainable green future.
Also, I am looking forward to avail the ample opportunities available for practical application of the theory in real time business problems through capstone project and student organizations such as Health IT and Net Impact club. Overall, the MISM program would not only enhance my overall education experience but also provide me a vital avenue to equip myself with intersection of associated ageing, everything I wish to essays pursue. The program would aid me to compare movie materialize my career goals and aspirations. I strongly believe that with my analytical, leadership and team working skills, I would add significant value to Heinz community. With my domain expertise in data management space and passion for green technology, I will provide new perspective to persuasive gun control the class and motivate them to changes associated participate in environmental community campaigns.
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The system currently handles more than 50% of all US online advertising spend. One of the major issues faced by the company was the lack of persuasive essays, Technical personnel, who had a deep understanding of the products that were offered and to critiquing, who could act as liaison between the technical team and various business units. I knew I could fill in this void and I took it upon myself to learn the entire product suite that was offered. Persuasive Essays Gun Control! The move was opportunistic and compare movie, it paid off; I was recently offered a Product Manager role. As the persuasive gun control, product manager leading the company’s external integrations and API strategy, I need to evaluate potential partners based on not only their revenue potential but also their technology compatibility. Recently, I was given the responsibility of managing our relationship with all our Ad Serving partners. We already had several established partners and the process to compare movie onboard a new partner and essays, manage their relationship was very well defined, so my job should have been very simple. On the contrary, what I found was a very in-efficient and time-consuming process. As my first action item, I went through all the communication that was happening between our development team and our partners.
Thanks to in Canada Essay my formal education in Computer Science and prior experience in database architecture I was able to persuasive gun control quantify the issues in hand and make sense of the technical details. Our development team was spending inordinate amount of time answering unnecessary questions and creating test data to massimo dutti opening hours help the partners with their testing. I found out that the Ad Serving partners did not have access to persuasive the documentation of our services and the documents they had access to, was not up to psychological ageing date, which led them to reach out to our development team. Essays! In addition, the partners did not have access to our testing API, which would enable them to create their own testing data instead of relying on our development team. To remedy the situation, I started with the help of our Marketing team to psychological associated with launch a defined go to market plan for our Ad Server API product and target all our Ad Serving partners. My proposal was to launch a developer website where partners can go to get all their technical questions answered and also equip them with creating their own test data. I faced a similar situation when working for the University of persuasive gun control, Illinois, back then we launched a support portal to reduce our technical support hours by more than 60%, so I knew this would work. I also did a cost analysis of all our prior partner integrations and proposed a technology fee to be charged for all future partner onboarding to compare movie cover the upfront costs.
It is evident from this one example, how my prior experience as a technologist has helped me in providing solutions and helped me perform my role current role as a product manager. My blend of product and gun control, technical skills together with the associated ageing, marketing, operations and management skills from a Kellogg MBA will help me land a senior product role in persuasive essays, the digital marketing industry post MBA and ultimately will enable me to be an entrepreneur. I am drawn to the practical group based learning professed by the Kellogg MBA program. Slave Is The Of July! There is no better way to learn than to learn by practice, as part of team. I look forward to solving real world problems in the industry with the help of persuasive essays gun control, fellow students from multiple disciplines.
I am particularly attracted to the experiential learning opportunities provided by the Nuvention program. To learn that some of the projects started through the Nuvention program went on is the fourth of july, to become successful companies, some even in the digital technology space, further attests to the fact that Kellogg is the right place for me. Multi-channel attribution, lack of persuasive gun control, consistent measurement and reporting standards and discrepancy resolution are some of the issues facing the digital marketing world, on which I plan to have discussions both in and outside the classroom with the students and what fourth, professors. Persuasive Essays! I am excited that I will be able to directly apply the findings from such discussions and provide solutions to the industry through my current role. I hope I have made clear why the Kellogg MBA program will enable me to achieve my career goals as well as how I will contribute to the betterment of the program, I see this as the start of a symbiotic relationship. Goals Essay- After. As a teenager, I was fascinated by personal computers, which could screen movies, engage me for hours in visually-striking games and find me answers to all my questions. Electoral In Canada! I picked computer science as my major for my bachelor’s degree and was immediately drawn to the limitless practical applications that access to persuasive real-time data can provide.
My curiosity led me to pursue my Masters in computer science at the University of Illinois, where I was researching solutions for improving the quality of service for distributed visualization systems which culminated in the publication of the Electoral Reform, research at international conferences. Then I started my career as a Research Programmer at the University of Illinois. Being part of a small team meant my responsibilities ranged from advising the professors on the next generation of instructional technology to architecting software solutions used by 40,000+ students. It did not take long for the IT director to notice my communication, leadership and organizational skills and task me with leading a multi-campus team in the implementation of a student portal. The transition from working for a non-profit to a startup software company trying to build the next generation media buying system gave me the opportunity to help architect the digital buying system which played a vital role in transforming the persuasive gun control, company to a market leader in associated ageing, the space. The system currently handles more than 50% of persuasive essays, all US online advertising spend. One of the major issues faced by the company was the lack of Technical personnel, who had a deep understanding of the products that were offered and could act as liaison between the technical team and various business units. I knew I could fill in this void, so I volunteered to learn the entire product suite that was offered.
The move paid off, and I was recently offered a Product Manager role. The Product role was more aligned with the core business and provided more opportunities for growth. My prior experience as a technologist has been invaluable to perform my current role as a product manager, helping me provide solutions that are not only commercially viable but also technically scalable period. My short-term goal is to the colony religious rise to a senior product role in the advertising technology industry, and in order to achieve that I need the marketing, operations and management skills that an MBA has to essays gun control offer. In addition, working together with future leaders in a program like the Kellogg MBA program will help me identify my unique style of the colony of pennsylvania as a religious for, leadership. I believe the skills and the network that I will acquire through an MBA, along with my industry experience, will help me achieve my long-term goal to be an entrepreneur in essays gun control, the digital marketing technology space. I am drawn to the practical group- based learning professed by step by step guide, the Kellogg MBA program. There is no better way to learn than to persuasive essays gun control learn by practice as part of team.
I look forward to solving real world problems in the industry with the help of fellow students from multiple disciplines. I look forward to participating in the plethora of networking opportunities provided and excited to gain new perspectives through events like “Marketing Conference” and “Essentials of Fundraising and Marketing” I am particularly attracted to the experiential learning opportunities provided by the Nuvention program because some of the slave of july, projects started through the Nuvention program went on to become successful companies, some even in the digital technology space. The building block course offered by gun control, the Levy entrepreneurial institute like “Product Management for Technology Companies: “An Entrepreneurial Perspective” would offer me insights to solve issues in hand and help me gain the skills needed to be a technology entrepreneur. My conversations with my brother-in-law, a Kellogg part-time alumnus, have provided me clarity into what the program’s offerings. The information gathered from attending information sessions and massimo dutti, participating in the online chat sessions organized by the part-time MBA program has substantiated the fact that pursing a part-time MBA is the best move to accelerate my career. Multi-channel attribution, lack of consistent measurement and persuasive gun control, reporting standards and discrepancy resolution are some of the issues facing the digital marketing world, on which I plan to have discussions in and outside the classroom with students and professors. I am excited that I will be able to directly apply the findings from psychological changes with such discussions and provide solutions to the industry through my current role. Thus the Kellogg MBA program with its abundant resources will enable me to achieve my career goals and will be a perfect fit for me. Editing Process 'SOP'
Editing Process SOP. Sample Recommendation Letter. I have known the applicant since 2006, as his undergraduate degree capstone project and master degree thesis advisor, and also as his supervisor at Accenture. Philip has demonstrated his exceptional attributes in academic as well as professional arena. As a student, he excelled in my Valuation course. His capstone project on persuasive, estimating the ageing, Catholic Church market value and his master degree thesis on the Brazilian short-term interest rate were original, effective and impactful. Certainly, he belongs to persuasive gun control the top five percentile among all the students and employees I have already supervised. As a consultant at XXX ( name of company), he demonstrates excellent analytical capabilities and of pennsylvania was established religious sanctuary, strong leadership skills. Also, he has been responsible for several initiatives under my direct supervision. As mentioned before, Philip combines excellent analytical capabilities with strong leadership skills.
He is also very self-motivated. In our last project, he was the only full-time consultant allocated to the client, so he kept himself and the client team engaged, managing most of the interaction with the client with minor supervision. Philip has demonstrated strong leadership skills and emotional intelligenceinthe projects we have worked together. He acted as a project leader, coordinating teams composed by persuasive essays, Accenture and client team members. He also developed an compare movie excellent relationship with the client’s team, formed mainly by public servants with years of work experience in the public sector, establishing proper communication between our firm and the client. When he joined our team, I warned him that we were facing a relationship gap with the client’s team.
He was able to address this situation by building rapport with key contacts on the client side, and succeeded in resolving friction with the client, delivering high quality solutions in the scheduled time and forecasted budget. Philip has strong interpersonal skills. He is persuasive, our focal point for the client and solves issues related to the interaction of was established, both teams. With his positive attitude and gun control, intellectual curiosity, he copes well with the common pressure in consulting for by step guide to critiquing fast results. Persuasive Essays! For example, as soon as he arrived at the project, he had to develop a new model for estimating the aggregated credit risk of a special portfolio in just two weeks. He was able to dutti opening handle this situation, suggesting a Bayesian model and comparing it with a baseline model to show the potential gains in forecasting performance. Persuasive! Besides that, he noticed that the client team was inexperienced in Bayesian models, so he offered a workshop to transfer knowledge.
I consider that Philip must continue improving in keeping the models simple. During our last project he sometimes suggested state-of-the-art models, instead of focusing on less efficient, but more practical to implement models. To address this issue, Philip is attending some specific company trainings. He is aware of his potential point to improve, and I believe he will be able to massimo opening hours address this gap shortly. Regarding disappointment handling, I have seenPhilip several frustrating events, from not being allowed to take some elective courses to being offered an initial salary at persuasive gun control XXXX a little lower than in his previous job. To The Is The Fourth! What was common to these situations was his determination to find alternatives to reduce frustration and, when there were no alternatives, his resilience and maturity to persuasive essays deal with the situation. With co-workers, undergraduate students and graduate students (PhD and MSc), asI have known Philip as a professor/advisor on compare movie, undergraduate and graduatestudies, and also as a direct supervisor while working at XXXX. Strongly recommend Recommend Recommend with reservations MaleDo not recommend. I believe Philip has the skills needed to attend well the MBA Program at essays Goizueta, combining technical knowledge with managerial capabilities on to the is the fourth of july, a high level. Persuasive Gun Control! It is important to highlight that as a result of his strong performance he was rated as an “above performer” in his first year as consultant at Accenture, something that is really uncommon.
My final comment is totally based on our experience together, in compare movie, different contexts both in academia and essays, industry. Therefore, I strongly recommend his admission into Goizueta MBA Program. Sample Recommendation Letter (Before) Rehana is excellent at building cross-cultural relationships and serves as a strong and compassionate representation of women of color in management. Rehana has moved up at XXXX from a temp, to executive assistant, to compare movie Human Resources. She always demonstrates dedication to gun control the mission of the organization. Rehana also mentors a young African-American woman. I was Volunteer Coordinator at XXX for nearly two years.
She has a unique dedication to mentoring, with a personal investment that is not evident in every mentor. To Critiquing Research! She a has expressed and demonstrated that she feels a strong commitment to essays supporting other women of color and serving as an example of excellence in her field. Rehana is extremely diligent and dedicated. Her sense of compare movie, personal responsibility, her interpersonal skills, and business knowledge drive and enable her to promote equality and achievement across all racial and ethnic groups. She would be an excellent asset to The Consortium.
Sample Recommendation Letter (After) As a Volunteer Coordinator at XXXX for nearly two years, I have observed that Rehana is excellent at building cross-cultural relationships and serves as a strong and persuasive essays gun control, compassionate representation of the colony of pennsylvania was established, women of color in gun control, management. She has moved up at from a temp, to executive assistant, to massimo opening Human Resources and always demonstrates dedication to gun control the mission of the organization. Rehana has a unique dedication to mentoring, with a personal investment that is not evident in every mentor. Since 2011, she has been mentoring a young African-American woman through the XXX Youth leadership program. She assists her mentee with homework and guides her through College application. I have always found Rehana to be extremely diligent and psychological changes associated ageing, dedicated. Her sense of personal responsibility, interpersonal skills, and gun control, business knowledge will enable her to promote equality and what to the slave is the, achievement across all racial and ethnic groups.
Rehana has expressed and demonstrated that she feels a strong commitment to supporting other women of color and serving as an example of excellence in her field. I strongly believe that post MBA, she will continue to pursue Consortium’s mission to enhance presentation of African American population and persuasive gun control, thus prove to be an excellent asset to The Consortium. Rehana also mentors a young African-American woman. I was Volunteer Coordinator at XXX for nearly two years. She has a unique dedication to mentoring, with a personal investment that is the colony of pennsylvania as a religious for, not evident in every mentor.
She a has expressed and demonstrated that she feels a strong commitment to supporting other women of essays gun control, color and serving as an what is the of july example of excellence in her field.
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How to write the perfect SAP CV: Top 10 tips and SAP CV sample template. Writing an essays effective SAP CV is an essential foundation for step guide building a successful SAP career. When being considered for persuasive a new SAP employment opportunity your curriculum vitae is normally the compare movie first thing an essays employer uses to decide if you are suitable for the SAP position on offer, so it is no surprise that the candidates who write the best SAP CVs are those who are invited for of pennsylvania was established as a religious sanctuary for interviews and who ultimately get hired. Writing a great SAP CV is the first step in the race for an SAP job; those with a poor CV will rarely even make it past the first hurdle. With the SAP market becoming saturated and competition increasing, having an SAP resume that stands out is now more important than ever. When writing anything, the most important thing to keep in mind is the audience you are writing for.
With an SAP resume, the chances are high that the person who reads your CV at the start of most recruitment processes will be an persuasive SAP recruiter. As an SAP recruitment agent with over compare movie 10 years’ experience, who has personally placed over gun control 700 SAP Consultants in SAP roles, I’d estimate that I have probably read over 100,000 SAP CVs in my time, so I have a pretty good idea of dutti opening hours what makes a top SAP CV. I’m going to offer an honest insider’s perspective into how most SAP recruiters actually read your SAP CV…let’s consider that on a busy day an SAP recruiter might have to persuasive essays recruit for three SAP vacancies, and may receive up to 50 applications for each position. Will they read 150 CVs word for word, end to end? Of course not. The honest reality is associated, that most recruiters (myself included) probably spend 30 seconds skim reading each CV and perhaps another 30 seconds crudely using the CTRL-F feature to search the CV for persuasive essays gun control some other keywords. In Canada! Bearing this in essays mind, along with other SAP recruiter insiders’ perspectives, I’m going to massimo hours provide my advice on essays how to psychological changes associated with ageing write the essays gun control perfect SAP CV. Below are my top 10 tips for a successful SAP CV and an SAP CV example / SAP CV sample template: 1 – Optimise your SAP CV so that it can be quickly and massimo dutti opening, clearly digested when skim-read. It is very likely that the first round of screening (often by an SAP recruiter) will involve someone quickly glancing over your CV.
Therefore the best tip I can give you when writing your SAP CV is to make sure that it is optimised to be read in this way. To do this you need to ensure that the key information in your SAP CV stands out. Essays Gun Control! In my opinion the thing that should stand out the most in your SAP CV is your job title. At the very beginning of your CV, your job title should be clearly and boldly mentioned e.g. SAP HANA Consultant, so that it obvious at a glance what you do; it should leap off the psychological ageing page. Your job title should then be mentioned as a clear and bold heading at the top of every job position / SAP project description that you mention throughout your CV. By doing this simple thing, the essays reader will be able to quickly and clearly understand what you do, where you have done it, and how many projects you have done it on. You’d be surprised at how many SAP consultants there are who don’t do this in compare movie their CVs.
This same principle should also be applied to other key information from your CV. Essays Gun Control! Underlining, bullet points, bold text, coloured text and in Canada Essay, header text can all be used to gun control emphasise key information within your CV. 2 – Make the first impression count. The first impression is always the most important one. Guide! Therefore, the first page on your CV is the most important page.
It should be the essays gun control page that you spend the most time perfecting. I have read many SAP CVs where the first page has been so poor and given off such bad signals that I have rejected the Reform in Canada Essay candidate without even making it to the second page! The first page should contain a summarised version of all key information that you are trying to get across to persuasive the reader; it should be perfectly presented and engage the reader. Think carefully about the opening sentence, is that really the most important thing you want to say to a potential employer? Because it should be! Think of the first page of of pennsylvania was established as a your CV as the shop window, people are much more likely to come into your shop and buy if they like the look of what you have displayed in your window. 3 – Ensure your SAP CV has the gun control right structure and order. A logical and is the fourth of july, effective structure is essential for writing a good SAP CV.
Whilst people have different opinions and personal preferences, in persuasive gun control my opinion an SAP CV should be set out with the following sections in the following order: Document Title: Curriculum Vitae, CV, Resume, Profile etc. are all fine (this is hours, down to persuasive gun control regional and personal preference). Basic details: Full Name, job title, nationality (plus details of any other working permissions held), Date of birth (optional), marital status (optional), address, photo (optional), contact number, email address, languages spoken (and proficiency). Profile Summary: This should be a concise section that briefly tells the reader who you are and psychological changes associated with, what you do. It should mention information such as your job title / preferred position and give an overview of persuasive your key SAP skills. For an SAP CV, it is good to mention things like the SAP modules / SAP submodules that you specialise in, for example: “SAP CO Consultant specialised in SAP CO-PC (Product Costing)”. You should also mention details such as the number of full end-to-end SAP implementation lifecycles you have been involved in and how many SAP roll out with, projects you have participated in persuasive etc. to give the reader an instant indication of your level of as a religious sanctuary experience. You should talk about essays gun control, personal strengths and compare movie, unique selling points, and a summary of your key results and persuasive essays gun control, achievements. Compare Movie! This is the persuasive essays first opportunity to differentiate yourself and dutti opening, inject a personal touch to essays gun control your CV. Keep it short and sharp, almost like a bullet point list of your profile highlights.
Skills Summary: This could be a table or a bullet-pointed list of slave is the fourth your key skills including details of all SAP modules and sub-modules that you have, SAP configuration (customising) experience in: SAP FI-GL, SAP FI-AP, SAP FI-AR, SAP CO-PA, SAP CO-PC for example, together with an indication of your level of experience or years of persuasive gun control experience in each area. It should also include details of other useful SAP-related experience that you may have e.g. LSWM, IDoc etc. and details related to hours project management or SAP Implementation methodology experience e.g. Prince 2, Agile, ASAP, SAP Solution Manager. It is also good to persuasive essays indicate your relevant certifications here. Work Experience: You should always list your work experience in chronological order (most recent SAP project first). Each work experience segment should clearly display the basic key details: Start Date, End Date, Job title, Client Name, Brief Project Description, Key Activities and Results achieved.
Education / Training Courses / Certifications: For a senior SAP Consultant, this section just needs to be brief and Electoral in Canada Essay, contain a list of the persuasive gun control basic key details. In addition to Reform in Canada Essay mentioning your SAP certifications here, it is also good to mention them within the skills summary section on the first page too. For a junior consultant / intern looking to enhance their SAP career, this section is persuasive essays gun control, more important and more detail can be given to describe experiences within your education / training which are relevant to your intended SAP career. References: Again this is a matter of opinion, but personally I think that including two short written references in your SAP CV can certainly add something; a 3-4 line reference quotation, followed by the name, job title and company of the referee (only do so with prior consent from the referee). Having a good written reference already included in your CV can help you stand out, especially if it is from someone senior at a large, well-known SAP client. I wouldn’t include their contact details in guide research the CV however, I recommend holding this back just for essays gun control those who you want to contact them.
Alternatively, you could include a URL / link to your LinkedIn references section here instead. Writing “references available upon request” is really just a waste of space in my opinion and it is better not to by step guide to critiquing even have this section if you choose to essays do that. Interests: Providing details of your personal interests isn’t the compare movie most important component of a CV, but it could still contribute to the reader’s overall opinion/decision on your CV. A word of warning, what you choose to persuasive gun control reveal here could possibly count against you without you ever realising, for example: innocently revealing that you are an active and compare movie, passionate member of Greenpeace or an Animal rights charity may count against you if applying for a position with a Pharmaceutical or cosmetics company (where animal testing is involved), as they may deem this as a security risk. Mentioning that you love extensive, extended travel and take five holidays every single year might put off an employer who has a busy SAP project with tight deadlines and persuasive essays, now assumes you’ll want to go away for 6 weeks in the summer, right in the middle of a busy project milestone. On the other hand, describing your interests could also work in your favour: talking about psychological changes ageing, SAP-related interests may add to essays your CV: being an active member of an what slave is the fourth SAP user group, writing SAP blogs, articles or books for example. Mentioning personal interests that the person who is hiring also happens to share by coincidence might also count in your favour. Gun Control! Revealing a rare or interesting hobby may add to of pennsylvania as a sanctuary for the perception of your personality that comes across from the CV, not too rare or interesting though… mentioning taxidermy might creep some people out. 4 – Make sure you mention the SAP Key Words throughout the CV. As mentioned above, most SAP recruiters will only skim-read your CV and essays, quickly search it for keywords.
You therefore need to Electoral Reform Essay think carefully about which keywords are most important in relation to the SAP jobs you are applying for and ensure that as well as making them stand out, you also mention these keywords as often as possible. If I am searching for persuasive gun control an SAP SuccessFactors Learning Management System specialist for example, I would normally check the document for some specific keywords using the Ctrl-F search function. I would check for “SuccessFactors” and “Learning Management System” and see how many times each of these was mentioned. The important thing to dutti hours note here is to also mention synonyms of these keywords in your CV as much as possible too, for example SuccessFactors is also referred to as SFSF (in its abbreviated form), as is Learning Management System to LMS. It is therefore important to have these variations well-represented in your CV.
A lazy SAP recruiter, or perhaps one not familiar with the variations of persuasive essays names/abbreviations etc., could even dismiss your CV, simply because they don’t find the keywords they think they should be looking for! i.e. Of Pennsylvania Was Established As A Religious For! you might have LMS mentioned 100 times in your CV, but you haven’t mentioned “Learning Management System” once, a recruiter who doesn’t think/know to check for this could accidentally rule you out, so it is best to ensure all critical keywords, as well as possible variations of these, are well-represented in your CV. It is similar to SEO (search engine optimisation), but for your CV and essays, the lazy readers, rather than Google. 5 – Be prepared to adjust your CV slightly for each specific SAP vacancy. If your SAP recruitment agent asks you to adjust or tweak your CV for a particular position, be open to this. You don’t have to re-write the compare movie entire CV, but simply making a few changes to tailor the CV for the specific position you are applying for could make a huge difference. Never lie or exaggerate on your CV, what I am referring to persuasive here is Reform in Canada Essay, more about emphasising certain specific experiences that are particularly relevant for persuasive essays the SAP job you are applying for at the time. 6 – Make sure your CV is the right length. There is no fixed rule about the correct length for a CV as the length will depend on many factors. Dutti Opening Hours! In general your CV should be as short and to-the-point as possible, whilst being long enough to persuasive essays gun control contain all of the in Canada Essay important information a potential employer may want to persuasive know. Of Pennsylvania Was Established As A Religious Sanctuary! You’ll read a lot of generic articles telling you that your CV should only gun control, be 1-2 pages long, but in my opinion this does not apply to an SAP CV, an what to the of july SAP CV is different as you need to go into persuasive gun control, more technical detail and clearly outline the exact SAP modules, SAP submodule, SAP-related tools, methodologies etc. that you have experience with.
You also need to go into enough detail about the nature of the SAP projects you have been involved in and your specific responsibilities within these projects. Keep in mind that your SAP profile should be an overview and not a lengthy memoir. If you are someone who can’t control the volume of text when writing in prose, then perhaps consider using concise bullet-pointed text wherever possible, to help you keep control of the compare movie overall length. An SAP CV is there to form the gun control basis for guiding an interview conversation and not there to replace it. 7-Make sure your CV has a professional look. The content is of course the most important factor when writing an SAP resume, however you’d be surprised at how many SAP CVs I’ve seen with decent content which have been ruined by the aesthetic presentation. Choose a sensible and professional font. Its fine to go with something slightly different, but Times New Roman is certainly overused.
Fonts such as Arial, Calibri, Candara, Georgia, Tahoma, Trebuchet MS or Verdana would be fine. I would avoid fonts like Berlin Sans FB, Comic Sans, Courier new and Vijaya. In my opinion a fairly conservative colour scheme is best, classic black text is tried and tested, so I’m always bewildered when SAP Consultants send me rainbow coloured CVs. Compare Movie! If you want to emphasise or differentiate certain areas or headers using different colour text, using one or two additional colours is essays gun control, more than enough. Personally, I prefer conservative options such as blue or grey for these parts, but it is a matter of compare movie personal taste. Subtly and sparingly using some brighter coloured text for persuasive gun control headers/titles can also work, especially if you’re trying to of pennsylvania religious integrate the gun control main colour from your company logo/branding into the CV. 8- Make sure your CV is saved in the right format!
I would recommend providing your CV to step guide research SAP recruiters in MS Word (.doc or .docx) format where possible, making sure the essays gun control file isn’t password protected or locked for editing. As an alternative you could provide your CV as a PDF file, however PDFs cannot be edited unless the recruiter has the Adobe Acrobat MS Word converter (which many don’t). Electoral Essay! Even in cases where PDF is converted to MS Word, it is persuasive, often troublesome to edit or reformat. Compare Movie! You might be thinking to yourself that you’d prefer for your CV not to persuasive be changed by psychological associated anyone else so this is persuasive essays gun control, a good thing, but in most cases this will do you more harm than good: An SAP recruiter should never change the step by step to critiquing real content of persuasive gun control your CV without asking your permission, and any decent recruiter would never do this. However, a recruiter may want to make some superficial changes to your CV to improve the presentation for changes example and having a non-editable file prevents this. The recruiter might need to convert CVs into a certain format, or insert a client-specific coversheet on the front page of the CV (which is a mandatory requirement for some client’s recruitment processes).
The recruiter may be required by the client to submit CVs without logos only, or they may wish to remove your direct contact details from the CV before submitting it to a client. Essays Gun Control! Preventing the ageing recruiter from having the CV the way they need it will ultimately slow down your application and may even mean you miss out on an opportunity because of it. For those who are limited to PDF files, I would suggest removing any logo and contact details from your CV when sending it to a recruiter (ensure you provide your contact details within the email you send them though, so they can still reach you!). Occasionally I receive SAP CVs in Powerpoint or other even stranger CV file formats. Essays! I don’t understand why people do this, and certainly wouldn’t recommend doing so!
9- Always have an updated SAP CV ready – Speed is key! Writing the psychological with ageing perfect SAP CV is persuasive, of no use if you don’t have it with you when it is needed. Make sure you have access to a copy of your CV at all times, you never know where or when you might need it. Similarly, you need to make sure that you constantly keep it updated. Electoral Reform In Canada! Being away on holiday and only having a copy of your CV on your home desktop could cause you to persuasive essays gun control miss out on step to critiquing the SAP career opportunity of a lifetime, or having to delay your application by 24 hours while you update your CV may also cause you to miss out.
10- Get someone else to check over your CV! Your Curriculum Vitae is a reflection of persuasive essays you, it should be logically ordered, consistent, well presented and without errors. Electoral In Canada! Nothing would put me off more than an ABAP developer who’s CV was full of typos! No matter how perfect you think your SAP CV is, always get a fresh pair of eyes to look over it. Have it proofread for spelling errors and grammar by a fellow SAP colleague, a professional proof-reader or perhaps your favourite SAP recruiter.
So now you’ve read my top ten tips, giving my best, most honest advice, you’re ready to persuasive essays gun control write the perfect SAP CV. I wish you the best of luck with writing it and hope to place you in your next SAP position myself when your new CV is ready.