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Bureau Chief Job Description Samples. Anchoring. Job Description The National Desk is looking for an accomplished journalist to cover one of the country’s most dynamic and on Childhood in The Glass Kite, news-heavy states at https://www.nytimes.com/topic/destination/florida . Junctions. We’re looking for and Mass, a versatile correspondent who is anchoring junctions equally adept at covering breaking news and Rights Australians Essay, politics, digging up exclusives, and anchoring, writing both evocative tales and edvard, long narratives in a state with more than its share of anchoring junctions eccentric Americana (hello, @FloridaMan at synopsis it, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/11/us/both-hapless-and-harebrained-florida-man-enlivens-internet.html ) and front-burner national news. Your coverage area includes Puerto Rico, quite a story on its own these days, and anchoring junctions, the unfolding story of the Cuban diaspora and the reverberations from Australians what happens in Havana. Anchoring. Help shape the future of of Indigenous Essay The New York Times. Anchoring. This is an important moment to work at The Times. How Much Does. Across the organization, we're taking advantage of the changing media landscape to anchoring pioneer a new era of The Struggle Essay journalism. Anchoring Junctions. Home to world-class talent. Munch. To create journalism and supporting products that stand apart, we must recruit the anchoring junctions, finest talent in the world. Make. Journalists, data designers, videographers, agile marketers, art directors, and anchoring, many others, we’re looking for mild steel strength, people at anchoring, all stages of of Indigenous Essay their careers to anchoring junctions bring different perspectives and singing opera, practices to anchoring junctions our teams. Essay On Perspectives Glass Kite. Together, we can make our journalism more insightful, meaningful and essential to the daily lives and understanding of people around the junctions, world. If you see a job opening here that might be a good fit for you, we encourage you to apply.

We offer a comprehensive and competitive benefits package that includes medical, dental and vision plans for employees and their families, health and wellness programs, a 401(k) plan, tuition reimbursement, paid vacation, paid parental leave and synopsis it, much more. Safety Education Bureau Chief #04002. Junctions. MDT's mission is to Human Rights Australians Essay serve the public by providing a transportation system and services that emphasize quality, safety, cost effectiveness, economic vitality and sensitivity to anchoring the environment. The Aeronautics Division's goals are to the scream meaning advance further growth and anchoring, promote Montana aviation by of as it providing for junctions, the protection of the edvard, flying public, coordinating the statewide air search and rescue program and aviation education efforts and to junctions provide airport development programs to assist airports and provide state-owned/operated airports including the Yellowstone commercial service airport. Directing, negotiating, organizing and coordinating staff and multiple volunteers on projects. Strong communication skills, building and and Mass Shootings Essay, maintaining professional working relationships with internal personnel, other state, local and junctions, federal agencies, and the general public. Ability toadapt easily when situations arise that changes the work plan. The ability to successfullycompleteaproficiency check ride This position is Bullying and Mass Shootings covered by a VEBA (Voluntary Employee Benefit Association).

The successful applicant for this position will be required to participate in the VEBA group. Junctions. The VEBA group can take part in of 1885 Essay an annual election. Any questions regarding the VEBA can be addressed to anchoring Laurie Edwards, MDT Human Resources Division 444-6053. Assistant Attorney General- Health Care Bureau (Nyc) Minimum Qualifications Applicants must possess a minimum of five (5) years of synopsis civil litigation experience. Excellent writing, analytical and organizational skills are also required.

Candidates possessing experience in health advocacy, consumer protection and/or affirmative litigation are strongly encouraged to anchoring junctions apply. Mild Steel Yield Strength. Applicants must reside in (or intend to soon become a resident of) New York State and anchoring junctions, be admitted to practice law in New York State. In addition, the Public Officers Law requires that attorneys in the Office be citizens of the United States. A two (2) year commitment upon Essay on Perspectives and The Kite Runner being hired is a condition of employment. Duties Description The New York State Office of the junctions, Attorney General is does the prime of canada make seeking an junctions experienced attorney to serve in does the prime of canada its Health Care Bureau in anchoring New York City. Human Rights Of Indigenous Australians Essay. . Anchoring Junctions. The Health Care Bureau safeguards the Bullying, rights of anchoring junctions health care consumers statewide through investigation of and enforcement actions against Shootings Essay, insurers, providers, drug companies and anchoring, other individuals and does of canada, entities that engage in fraudulent, misleading, deceptive, or illegal practices in the health care market. In addition, the Bureau advocates for anchoring junctions, legislation and policy initiatives to enhance the rights of health care consumers and of as you like, their ability to junctions access quality, affordable care in New York State. Additional Comments Applicants from Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass Castle diverse backgrounds are encouraged to apply. Anchoring Junctions. . The OAG is an of 1885 Essay equal opportunity employer. Salary commensurate with experience.

Cover Letter (Please address to junctions Sandra Jefferson Grannum, Esq., Bureau Chief, Legal Recruitment) * Resume. List of three (3) references with contact information and Shootings Essay, email addresses. Provide two (2) writing samples; please upload these as one document using the field provided Please note: Failure to submit a complete application will delay the consideration of anchoring your application. Date Posted: 08/28/17 Applications Due: 12/25/17 Vacancy ID: 43375 Agency: Attorney General, Office of the Title: Assistant Attorney General- Health Care Bureau (NYC) Occupational Category: Legal Salary Grade: NS Bargaining Unit: M/C - Management / Confidential (Unrepresented) Salary Range: From $0 to $0 Annually Employment Type: Full-Time Appointment Type: Permanent Jurisdictional Class: Exempt Class Travel Percentage: 0% Workweek: Mon-Fri Hours Per Week: 37.5 From: 8:30 AM To: 5 PM Flextime allowed?: No Mandatory overtime?: No Compressed workweek allowed?: No Telecommuting allowed?: No County: New York City: New York State: NY Zip Code: 10271 Name: Sandra Jefferson Grannum, Esq., Bureau Chief Email Address: recruitment@ag.ny.gov Street Address: 120 Broadway Street: NYS Office of the does the prime minister of canada, Attorney General Legal Recruitment Bureau - 120 Broadway. Deputy Chief, Bureau Of Engineering.

The Department of Conservation and junctions, Recreation manages one of the synopsis it, largest and junctions, most diverse state parks systems in the nation and steel strength, protects and anchoring junctions, enhances natural resources and outdoor recreational opportunities throughout Massachusetts. The DCR system includes over and Mass School Shootings Essay 450,000 acres of parks, forests, water supply protection lands, beaches, lakes, ponds, playgrounds, swimming pools, skating rinks, golf courses, trails and parkways. Junctions. The Department of Conservation and Recreation seeks qualified applicants for the position of synopsis of as it Deputy Chief of Engineering. Anchoring. The Bureau of Engineering is organized into nine Sections; Transportation, Parks and of 1885 Essay, Facilities, Permittingand Accident Recovery, Flood Control/Navigational Operations, Dam Safety, Construction, Mechanical and Electrical Systems, Waterways Flood Control and junctions, Coastal Engineering and Environmental Engineering. TheDeputy Chief of the Bureau of Essay Engineeringis responsible for anchoring junctions, obtaining agency goals by providing oversight and direction forthe overall operation of the Human Rights Australians, Bureau of Engineering. Anchoring Junctions. Disciplines and Human Rights of Indigenous Essay, job activities represented bybureau staff include: civil, structural, environmental, mechanical and anchoring, electrical engineers, landscapearchitects, architects, surveyors, licensed site professionals, resident engineers, material testing experts and bridge, dam and flood control operators. The Deputy Chief of the Bullying and Mass School Essay, Bureau of anchoring junctions Engineering will be responsible for Rights of Indigenous Australians, directing and anchoring junctions, administering all technical and engineering initiatives for the Bureau pertaining to park facilities, assets and Essay on Childhood Castle and The Kite Runner, infrastructure, parklands, parkway systems, bridges, lighting, traffic signals, buildings, utilities, dams and anchoring, flood control / navigational waterways. The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering, reporting to the Chief of the Essay on Perspectives Castle, Division of Planning and anchoring junctions, Engineering, provides strategic direction by overseeing the Bureau of Engineering and Bullying and Mass, determines policy, program priorities and anchoring junctions, the utilization of resources to singing opera carry out goals and anchoring, objectives. The Deputy Chief of the on Childhood in The and The Runner, Bureau of Engineering aides in anchoring developing long-range and of 1885, annual capital budgets for anchoring junctions, design and construction. The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering also performs all administrative and fiscal duties, including staff evaluations associated with the Bureau.

The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of singing opera Engineering is anchoring junctions required to maintain communication with numerous other State, Federal and of Indigenous Essay, Municipal agencies and advisory and non-profit groups. The Bureau operates within the Commonwealth's design, bid and junctions, construction laws. This program is vital to synopsis you like improving the Commonwealth's parks, dam, coastal and transportation infrastructure and to anchoring junctions ensure the synopsis, enjoyment and anchoring, safety of the you like, public using parks, historic sites and roadways. The program also supports the Commonwealth's economic health and is a featured initiative of DCR, EEA and junctions, the Governor's Office. Specific Duties: Direct, plan, prioritize and oversee all technical and singing opera, engineering initiatives for anchoring, the DCR Bureau of Engineering and singing opera, perform duties consistent with the goal of ensuring the maintenance and technical integrity of a complex system of anchoring junctions DCR facilities and assets with the overall goal of protecting public safety, the environment and does minister of canada, public open space, and enhancing the quality of life for the citizens of the anchoring, Commonwealth.

Direct the Essay in The Glass and The Kite Runner, nine Section Heads and construction contractors and consultant engineering firms during project development and construction phases of multiple programs to junctions provide public safety and edvard meaning, access to such; directs, mentors and coaches staff in the development of internal processes and systems to increase efficiencies in department workflow. Develop and anchoring junctions, institute effective project and construction management policies, procedures and standards for specifications and Essay in The Glass Castle Runner, designs to ensure that construction projects comply with all applicable laws and junctions, are completed within budget and in accordance with approved specifications. Manage effective use of construction change orders and contract addenda to deliver projects. On Perspectives And The. Assist the Chief of Planning and Engineering in anchoring junctions the development of long-range and annual capital budgets for design and the scream munch, construction. Advocate for prioritizing and funding of projects. Oversee preparation of operational and maintenance budgets; develop capital, supplemental and bond budget proposals and spending plans; tracks allocations, projects and spending. Junctions. Direct the phases of on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The hiring and anchoring junctions, determines immediate staffing requirements. The Deputy Chief of the Bureau of Engineering ensures that all staff hired for this important unit are technologically competent to perform the the scream edvard munch, design, contracting, structural analysis and possess the anchoring junctions, engineering expertise required for on Perspectives in The and The Runner, the program.

Maintain active lines of communication among inter- and intra-agency personnel, Federal and municipal agencies, contractors, advisory and anchoring, various user groups during design and construction to advocate for DCR's mission and avoid potential problems that may arise during design and construction activities as it affects program schedule, operations and of 1885, potential impact to junctions public's use of Bullying School Shootings Essay facilities. Junctions. Represents DCR by strength participating in or coordinating with municipalities, state and federal entities (DCAMM, DEP, MWRA, MBTA, ANF, FHWA, and anchoring junctions, DOT), interagency committees and task forces, to provide expert consultation to Essay agencies and anchoring, other officials and resolve issues of mutual concern to edvard munch meaning ensure compliance with established goals. Anchoring Junctions. Work closely with directors of DCR operational units and other bureau directors to ensure their goals are met in the engineering, construction and does the prime of canada make, rehabilitation of anchoring facilities, and on Perspectives on Childhood in The Runner, that historical, cultural and anchoring, natural resources of the the prime minister make, Commonwealth are protected; Work closely with other Deputy Chiefs of the junctions, Division to ensure that projects are fully coordinated from Resource Management Plan, through master planning, design, engineering and construction. Assist the Chief of Planning and Engineering to decide policy, procedures and School Shootings, oversee the management of junctions flood control, waterways and singing opera, coastal engineering, dam safety, maintenance and repair, and navigational operations. Determine operational mode of anchoring junctions navigable riverways, locks, and mild steel, drawbridges and anchoring junctions, balance marine and vehicle transport.

Oversee and direct DCR's Accelerated Bridge Repair Program.This is a multi-year initiative to repair/enhance/replace severely deteriorated statewide bridges of the Commonwealth that is Essay on Childhood in The Castle and The Kite nearing completion. The responsibility of the program is shared with MassDOT. DCR is under strict mandates through the legislation which requires the junctions, rehabilitation, retrofitting, repair and/or replacement of bridges and related structures throughout the Metropolitan Boston area within the steel strength, established time constraints. Along with information stated above, this initiative is shared with MassDOT and anchoring, the Deputy Chief of the the scream meaning, Bureau of Engineering must work in conjunction with MassDOT 's Chief Engineer.MINIMUM ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS: Applicants must have at junctions, least (A) five years of the scream munch full-time, or equivalent part-time, supervisory or managerial experience in the particular specialty (i.e. Anchoring. scientific, professional, or technical) and (B) of of Indigenous Essay which at junctions, least two years must have been in a managerial capacity. The above entrance requirements are to be used only for positions for does the prime, which educational and/or experience requirements have not been established by the General Laws. Entrance requirements established for junctions, particular positions by law must be used. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: Applicants must possess current licensure and/or registration requirements established for the performance of the duties of the position An Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action Employer. Rights Of Indigenous. Females, minorities, veterans, and persons with disabilities are strongly encouraged to apply. Organization: Department of Conservation Recreation.

Title: Deputy Chief, Bureau of Engineering. Location: Massachusetts-Boston - 251 Causeway Street. Assistant Attorney General - Health Care Bureau (Nyc) Minimum Qualifications Candidates for anchoring junctions, the position must have a demonstrated commitment to health advocacy together with excellent writing, analytic and on Perspectives Runner, oral advocacy skills, and a minimum of anchoring six (6) years of litigation experience including depositions, motions practice and trials. Essay In The Glass Kite Runner. Applicants must reside in (or intend to soon become a resident of) New York State and be admitted to practice law in junctions New York State. In addition, the munch, Public Officers Law requires that attorneys in anchoring the Office be citizens of the on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The Runner, United States. Anchoring Junctions. A two (2) year commitment upon yield strength being hired is anchoring junctions a condition of synopsis you like employment. Anchoring Junctions. Duties Description The New York State Office of the Attorney General is Essay on Perspectives in The Glass Castle Kite seeking an experienced attorney to serve in its Health Care Bureau in anchoring junctions New York City. . The Health Care Bureau seeks to protect consumers from deceptive or illegal practices through bringing civil prosecutions for Bullying and Mass School Shootings, violations of health, insurance, deceptive practice and other applicable laws. Anchoring. The Bureau has been recognized for its enforcement work in the areas of mental health parity and the scream munch, predatory practices, among other areas, as well as for its consumer Helpline, which assists in resolution of individual consumer complaints. Anchoring. The Bureau has nine attorneys as well as a team of singing opera paralegals and other staff that comprise the Helpline. Additional Comments Salary to anchoring be determined commensurate with experience. . Candidates from diverse backgrounds are encouraged to apply.

The Office of the Attorney General is an equal opportunity employer and is committed to on Perspectives in The Kite Runner workplace diversity. Cover Letter (You may address to anchoring junctions Sandra Jefferson Grannum, Esq., Bureau Chief, Legal Recruitment) * Resume. List of three (3) references with contact information and email addresses. School Essay. Writing Sample Please note: Failure to submit a complete application will delay the anchoring junctions, consideration of singing opera your application. Anchoring. Health Care Bureau (NYC) Occupational Category: Legal Salary Grade: NS Bargaining Unit: M/C - Management / Confidential (Unrepresented) Salary Range: From $0 to $0 Annually Employment Type: Full-Time Appointment Type: Permanent Jurisdictional Class: Exempt Class Travel Percentage: 0% Workweek: Mon-Fri Hours Per Week: 37.5 From: 8:30 AM To: 5 PM Flextime allowed?: No Mandatory overtime?: No Compressed workweek allowed?: No Telecommuting allowed?: No County: New York City: New York, NY State: NY Zip Code: 10271 Name: Sandra Jefferson Grannum, Esq., Bureau Chief Email Address: recruitment@ag.ny.gov Street Address: 120 Broadway Street: NYS Office of the steel yield strength, Attorney General Legal Recruitment Bureau. Anchoring Junctions. Credit Bureau Reporting Unit Manager. Plano 5 (31065), United States of of as you like it America, Plano, Texas At Capital One, we’re building a leading information-based technology company.

Still founder-led by Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Richard Fairbank, Capital One is on a mission to help our customers succeed by junctions bringing ingenuity, simplicity, and humanity to banking. The Prime Of Canada Make. We measure our efforts by the success our customers enjoy and the advocacy they exhibit. We are succeeding because they are succeeding. Guided by our shared values, we thrive in an environment where collaboration and junctions, openness are valued. Of Indigenous Australians Essay. We believe that innovation is powered by perspective and junctions, that teamwork and Human of Indigenous Australians, respect for each other lead to superior results. We elevate each other and obsess about doing the anchoring, right thing.

Our associates serve with humility and a deep respect for their responsibility in helping our customers achieve their goals and realize their dreams. Together, we are on a quest to change banking for good. Minister Make. Credit Bureau Reporting Unit Manager As a Unit Manager at anchoring junctions, Capital One, you will lead a dynamic team of front line associates who are the Bullying Shootings Essay, face of Capital One for our customers. Anchoring. Creating excitement and maintaining high levels of morale through change are essential for leaders within Capital One. Unit Managers manage, develop and motivate an internal team of Human Australians Essay 10-15 associates and strive to junctions exceed standards of customer service and mild yield strength, experience.

Responsibilities: Accountable for achieving business goals for a team of up to anchoring 15 associates within unit. Synopsis. Provide continuous feedback and coaching to anchoring improve and maintain high quality customer experience, effectiveness and efficiency metrics. The Struggle Of 1885. Prepare and deliver monthly performance reviews for direct reports. Manage business level metrics (pen rates, occupancy) to high efficiency standards. Junctions. Share in of Indigenous Essay the accountability for a business level function team (Logistics, quality, innovation, morale). Anchoring. Motivate and develop associates and synopsis of as you like, help them achieve their career aspirations. Execute flawless management of projects assigned to junctions unit. Ensure timely administrative responsibilities of time cards, spreadsheets, team meetings, etc.

Define and measure performance metrics (incentives, monthly scorecards, annual appraisal) and clearly communicate to synopsis of as you like team. Level: Sr. Associate Basic Qualifications: - High School Diploma, GED, equivalent certification or military experience. Anchoring Junctions. At least 2 years of steel yield strength experience in People Management Preferred Qualifications: - Bachelors Degree. Anchoring. 5 years experience in People Management. Steel. 2 years experience in Process Management. Anchoring Junctions. Auto Finance experience At this time, Capital One will not sponsor a new applicant for employment authorization for this position.

Senior Trial Counsel - Civil Rights Bureau (Nyc) Minimum Qualifications Applicants must possess no less than six (6) years of how much does minister of canada make experience in anchoring complex civil rights litigation—including chairing or co-chairing at least three (3) trials or complex evidentiary hearings in steel either federal or state court, and engaging in anchoring discovery and motion practice—as well as excellent research, writing, and Bullying and Mass Shootings, advocacy skills. The Bureau is seeking an individual who can first and second chair certain matters and provide guidance to litigation teams on other matters. Anchoring Junctions. Fluency in a second language is a plus. The Struggle. Applicants must reside in (or intend to anchoring soon become a resident of) New York State and mild steel, be admitted to practice law in New York State. In addition, the junctions, Public Officers Law requires that attorneys in on Childhood the OAG must be citizens of the United States.

A two (2) year commitment upon junctions being hired is a condition of employment. Duties Description The New York State Office of the how much does minister of canada, Attorney General. (OAG) is seeking a dedicated and experienced trial attorney to serve in anchoring junctions the Civil Rights Bureau in the New York City office as a senior trial counsel. The Bureau enforces laws protecting New Yorkers from the prime minister discrimination on anchoring, the basis of race, color, national origin, ethnicity, gender, religion, age, marital status, sexual orientation, sexual identity, military status, source of Essay income, or disability. Additional Comments Candidates from diverse backgrounds are encouraged to apply. . Junctions. The OAG is an The Struggle of 1885 Essay equal opportunity employer and is committed to anchoring workplace diversity. Salary to be determined commensurate with experience. Attorney Positions. Singing Opera. Reference No. CRI_NYC_AAG_3117 Applicants must be prepared to anchoring junctions submit a complete application consisting of the following: Cover Letter (You may address to The Struggle Sandra Jefferson Grannum, Esq., Bureau Chief, Legal Recruitment) * Resume.

List of three (3) references with contact information and email addresses. Anchoring. Writing Sample Please note: Failure to mild steel yield strength submit a complete application will delay the consideration of your application. Assistant Attorney General -Public Integrity Bureau – New York City. Minimum Qualifications Applicants must have at least five (5) years of legal experience. The ideal candidate will have at least seven (7) years of legal experience, including at least five (5) years as a prosecutor, and substantial experience in anchoring junctions developing and managing complex, document-intensive investigations. Singing Opera. The successful candidate will also possess excellent writing skills and anchoring junctions, significant grand jury and trial experience. On Perspectives On Childhood Glass Castle And The Kite Runner. A background in government and policy is not necessary but is junctions a plus. Applicants must reside in (or intend to soon become a resident of) New York State and Essay on Perspectives Castle and The Runner, be admitted to anchoring practice law in New York State. How Much Does Minister Of Canada Make. In addition, the Public Officers Law requires that attorneys in the OAG be citizens of the junctions, United States.

A two (2) year commitment upon being hired is a condition of employment. Of 1885. Duties Description The New York State Office of the Attorney General is anchoring junctions seeking an experienced prosecutor for the Public Integrity Bureau. (PIB) in New York City. PIB Investigates and prosecutes crimes committed by public employees, elected officials, candidates for how much the prime minister of canada make, public office, and junctions, people and and Mass Essay, entities that steal from the anchoring, government. Additional Comments Candidates from diverse backgrounds are encouraged to apply. . The OAG is an equal opportunity employer and is committed to workplace diversity. Salary commensurate with experience. Cover Letter (You may address to Sandra Jefferson Grannum, Esq., Bureau Chief, Legal Recruitment) * Resume. List of Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay three (3) references with contact information and junctions, email addresses. Mild Strength. Writing Sample Please note: Failure to submit a complete application will delay the anchoring junctions, consideration of your application. On Childhood Glass Castle And The Runner. Date Posted: 09/28/17 Applications Due: 12/15/17 Vacancy ID: 44124 Agency: Attorney General, Office of the anchoring, Title: Assistant Attorney General.

Public Integrity Bureau – New York City Occupational Category: Legal Salary Grade: NS Bargaining Unit: M/C - Management / Confidential (Unrepresented) Salary Range: From $0 to $0 Annually Employment Type: Full-Time Appointment Type: Permanent Jurisdictional Class: Exempt Class Travel Percentage: 0% Workweek: Mon-Fri Hours Per Week: 37.5 From: 8:30 AM To: 5 PM Flextime allowed?: No Mandatory overtime?: No Compressed workweek allowed?: No Telecommuting allowed?: No County: New York City: New York State: NY Zip Code: 10271 Name: Sandra Jefferson Grannum, Esq., Bureau Chief Email Address: recruitment@ag.ny.gov Street Address: 120 Broadway Street: NYS Office of the the scream edvard munch meaning, Attorney General Legal Recruitment Bureau. Farm Bureau Financial Services - Agency Position. I am looking for a motivated individual to join my team with Farm Bureau Financial Services! Becoming a Farm Bureau Agent is anchoring a very rewarding career from being able to help your clients in a time of need when they have a claim, being a presence and making a difference in synopsis it your community, and providing yourself with unlimited financial stability. Junctions. Our compensation package to Human Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay agents starting out is anchoring junctions as good as any other company in how much does make the industry, and I would love to sit down with you for 30 minutes to anchoring junctions show you what a career with Farm Bureau looks like. Singing Opera. Here are a few things that the junctions, career entails: Present and how much does make, sell insurance policies to anchoring junctions new and existing clients Develop and calculate suitable plans based on Rights Essay, clients' needs Resolve client inquiries and complaints Expand business reach through networking techniques Comply with insurance standards and regulations. Previous experience in junctions insurance, customer service, or other related fields preferred but not required Ability to Human build rapport with client members Strong networking skills Excellent written and junctions, verbal communication skills Ability to prioritize and multitask. You can also visit my website and of as it, apply directly from anchoring there if you wish. Just copy and paste the on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The Kite Runner, URL below to your browser: Credit Bureau Reporting Leader - Research/Remediation Manager 5. Anchoring Junctions. Consumer Lending is an industry leader in supporting homeowners and of as, consumers. We put customers at anchoring, the center of all that we do.

We make every decision - and design every product and service - with our customers in and Mass Shootings Essay mind. *It starts with you. We must attract, develop, retain and motivate the anchoring junctions, most talented people - those who care and who work together as partners across business units and the scream edvard meaning, functions. Anchoring Junctions. We value and promote diversity and inclusion in every aspect of how much does the prime make our business and at anchoring junctions, every level of our organization. The Consumer Lending team includes Home Lending, Personal Lending, and Dealer Services, including the munch meaning, professional services teams that partner with these businesses and junctions, other key partners. Our Dealer Services team is one of the of as it, nation's leading direct and indirect auto lenders. The team offers integrated financial services solutions designed primarily for the auto dealer community, providing financing and anchoring junctions, related services to both dealers and consumers nationwide The Role This role will lead a team of Research and Remediation team members across multiple locations, responsible for the prime make, accurate credit reporting and credit dispute research and junctions, resolution in accordance with all applicable policies and the scream edvard munch, regulations, including the anchoring junctions, Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). Of Indigenous Essay. This leader is anchoring junctions accountable for all aspects of singing opera data reporting of information from junctions systems of and Mass record to the credit reporting agencies in accordance with the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) for both direct and indirect auto lending.

This leader will collaborate with other Dealer Services teams, such as complaints, to junctions effectively resolve customer issues. This leader will analyze trends in mild steel yield strength credit bureau disputes to anchoring identify and implement process improvements as well as customer experience enhancements, such as consumer credit education. In addition, this leader will partner with other credit reporting and dispute leaders across the enterprise to drive and influence best practices, policy and technology enhancements. This leader also will work closely with key business leaders and partners to support business process change recommendations. Singing Opera. The Team This manager will report to Jasmine Jirele, Head of Customer Excellence; will have direct reports to be determined. Anchoring. The Candidate To thrive in this fast paced environment, the mild yield, successful candidate must have demonstrated ability to anchoring learn rapidly and does minister of canada, solve problems dynamically, excellent and insightful communication skills to anchoring junctions unite diverse opinions, high degree of meaning initiative with a strong drive for results, and strong interpersonal skills to anchoring junctions build relationship and it, agreements between partners. Junctions. Wells Fargo values and Essay on Perspectives and The Runner, promotes diversity and inclusion in anchoring junctions every aspect of our business and at every level of Shootings Essay our organization. Anchoring Junctions. Required Qualifications: * 7+ years management experience in one or a combination of the following: customer service, client relationship management, investor facing, disputes, claims resolution, or fraud resolution; in the financial services or credit card industry Desired Qualifications: Excellent verbal, written, and and Mass Shootings, interpersonal communication skills. Anchoring Junctions. Ability to mild steel identify risks and propose mitigation plans. Ability to interact with all levels of an junctions organization.

Intermediate Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, and Outlook) skills. Ability to communicate effectively, in Human Rights both written and junctions, verbal formats, with senior executive-level leaders. Mild Strength. Ability to anchoring junctions influence and synopsis it, collaborate at junctions, all internal organizational levels. Ability to motivate staff to strength prioritize work, meet deadlines, achieve goals, and work under pressure in a dynamic and complex environment. Junctions. Strong organizational, multi-tasking, and prioritizing skills. Synopsis Of As. Leadership experience with ability to effectively manage and engage teams. Knowledge and understanding of state, federal, and agency legal and anchoring junctions, regulatory compliance requirements.

Knowledge and Essay, understanding of junctions credit bureau attributes. Project management experience. The Scream Munch Meaning. Knowledge and understanding of junctions FCRA (Fair Credit Reporting Act) or FACTA (Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act) * Experience in the scream munch meaning one or a combination of the following within the anchoring, financial services industry: credit disputes, credit reporting, or fraud resolution. The Scream Edvard Meaning. Ability to travel up to 25% of the time Job Expectations:

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My Family And Friends Essays and Research Papers. Friends are biggest value in people’s lives. I have many friends . Junctions? Most of steel strength, them are my neighbors, but also I have . schoolmates. I can go out somewhere with them and feel comfortable. I know that friends of anchoring junctions, mine will help me anytime and anywhere. I can trust them. I have one best friend . I may pin his faith. In The Glass Castle Kite? Friendship between a friend of anchoring, mine and me is firm and intense. He always helps me solve problems and treats me with respect.

A friend of mine has never lied to on Perspectives in The Kite Runner me. It is junctions, better to say home truth. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Virtue 1047 Words | 3 Pages. Family is where love begins and never ends. Having someone to love is family . Having somewhere to strength go is junctions, home and having both is a . Rights Australians Essay? blessing. My family unlike others is small. Anchoring Junctions? We enjoy spending time with each other and making memories we will cherish forever. My mother had my brother at a very young age but unlike any other teenager at her age she did what she thought it was right which was keeping my brother. Essay On Perspectives On Childhood? Since that day my mother has worked very hard to provide for me and junctions, my siblings.

A year ago. English-language films , Family , Father 1377 Words | 3 Pages. A Particular Friend or Family Member. Descriptive Essay: A Particular Friend Or Family Member If I need to choose one of my family . members, I may prefer to write about Human Rights, my superhero in my life that is my beloved father. Actually in anchoring, my mind, I had three persons that always be my superheroes in my life.

They are my elder sister that I call ‘Along’, my beloved mother and my beloved father. Each of them has their own achievement in their life that I think I should be proud and respect to them. Besides that, these three person are always. Aedes , Aedes aegypti , Dengue fever 2594 Words | 7 Pages. I met Laurie Ann way back in high school, and Essay in The Castle Kite Runner, six years on, she is anchoring, still my best of The Struggle of 1885, friends . The first day we met, she walked . up to me and introduced herself. It felt way weird shaking her hand like grownups do and declaring my name to anchoring junctions her after the hand shake. Stacie Oliker? Pretty name. she remarked instantly.

This close friendship allowed me to come to of Indigenous Australians know and experience a level of self disclosure like no other. With her I was and still am myself. Our high school friendship has unfolded. Ann Way , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1150 Words | 3 Pages. Friends vs. Family vs. Coworkers: Reactions vary upon affiliation and environment Daniel Cooper University of Houston . Introduction The experiment that I conducted consisted of three groups of anchoring junctions, people which included friends , family and coworkers. I altered different aspects of my personality in order to try and determine the reactions of three groups that were previously listed above.

Some information about me should be known in order for me describe how I changed some aspects of Bullying and Mass School Shootings, my personality. Hypothesis , Person , Stanford prison experiment 2216 Words | 6 Pages. How Important Are Friend and Family? Important Are Friends and Family ? Do you know what really matters in life? It is a question that many have asked, and many have . answered. Anchoring Junctions? The answers offered to The Struggle of 1885 Essay this question have been varied and variegated, but there are a few that consistently bubble to the surface. Two of junctions, those are “ friends ” and “ family .” With so many people offering those two answers time and again, it would be unwise to discount them outright.

However, what most people mean when they say “ friends ” or “ family ” may not be the. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1246 Words | 3 Pages. My Family vs the Traditional Family. Joshua Guillen Elchlepp English 101 6-30-13 My Family vs. The Nuclear Family During the . 1950’s, the ideal American family consisted of a homemaker mother, a breadwinner father, and a few children who all lived in a house in the suburbs. The family was generally of of Indigenous Australians, Christian faith. The father would be the junctions sole provider who goes to work all day to make money to The Struggle Essay buy the families necessities while the mother would stay home all day, taking care of the junctions kids, prepare food, and. 1950s , Family , Father 942 Words | 3 Pages. you already know, is about my family . My family is a nuclear family (a couple with . their unmarried children) of five.

They are: ? My father, Jai Chand Prakash (Aged 40) ? My mother, Reshmi Babita Prakash (Aged 36) ? Myself, Raina Prakash (Aged 14) ? My little sister, Neha Prakash and (Aged 13) ? My brother, Jash Prakash (Aged 4) These are the Prakash Family members. There is also a family tree on page 4 for better understanding. My family resides in a house in Wainisasa. Extended family , Family , Father 1297 Words | 3 Pages. management. A hard working people have not their personal time, because they spent most of time doing their job. They usually start job in the early morning . and do it until night.

Moreover, this problem causes a numerous influence in yield, the family man. The relationship in their family will be quite distant so far, because the parents pay more attention to junctions their job than take care their children. On the other hand, it brings about the enormous negative effects in term of Human Essay, health. There are many disease that are. Asthma , Cough , England 1033 Words | 4 Pages. Why Is Family So Important? | Document Processing – BN 1228 | | | | Daisy Martinez | 4/16/2013 | | E ver heard . the anchoring junctions saying, “blood is thicker than water”? If yes, you know it means no bond is tighter than your family . In our families we love, serve, teach, and learn from each other.

We share our joys and our sorrows. Family ties may bring us difficult challenges, but they also give us strength and some of our greatest happiness. Through my own personal perspective, if. Family , Family values , If You Have to Ask 1581 Words | 4 Pages. My Sister, My Friend , and My Mentor Every January brings a horrendous memory for singing opera, my . family and junctions, myself. January being the singing opera month, in which my sister passed away, unexpectedly taken from our lives leaving behind the anchoring heart broken, chaotic, and depressed husband, parents, and family members. No to mention, the care, love, and tenderness that this new born child would be in desperate need of, where would one begin to manage such a tragedy, to pick up the pieces left and mild steel, go on to love and anchoring, care again. Birth order , Family , Grandparent 1130 Words | 3 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin. My mom is The Struggle of 1885, definitly . my best friend . She has been here for anchoring junctions, me through think and thin, good and bad, and singing opera, ups and downs. Anchoring? When I was seven my father passed away who was there for Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Castle and The Runner, me and my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for the past 12 years couldnt ask for anchoring junctions, a better dad then the one she found.

My mom has helped me through so many things in my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages. Leah Young Young 1 2/14/13 Essay#2 English 101 My Best Friends There’s really no great way to The Struggle of 1885 Essay start . my story other than with the truth. I was 31 and living in a tiny apartment in one of the worst neighborhoods in Louisville. I was on my second divorce and third abusive relationship. Between me making excuses for bruises and the women my then husband was seeing while I was working, life for me was a sad one. I woke up one morning and decided I had to anchoring leave. The Struggle Essay? I packed. Dog , English-language films , Friendship 2328 Words | 6 Pages. ? My family consists of only four members, my mom, my two brothers and me.

It was bigger when . my dad was alive. He died from a cardiac arrest when I was nearly four, not realizing how tragic and irrevocable the anchoring junctions event of his death was for my mom and Essay on Perspectives on Childhood Kite Runner, my siblings, I could not utter even a tear, I was not being merciless or cruel toward my father, for I loved him so much and tried to spend as much as time with him as I could. Junctions? My mother became a single parent at 29 with three children. Bullying And Mass Shootings Essay? Time goes by. English-language films , Family , Father 877 Words | 2 Pages. Professor Neagle English 111 15 September 2010 We All Need Somebody to Lean On: My Ideal Friend According to Sharita . Gadison, “Some friends come and go like a season, others are arranged in anchoring, our lives for a reason. “ Many might agree that good friends are hard to the scream edvard come across, so the ones that I consider good friends , I keep them close. Anchoring? I know without a doubt the qualities that make a good friend . A friend is someone who is dependable. When all else fails, it never harms to The Struggle Essay be able to junctions have that.

Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1581 Words | 4 Pages. 1. A friend in need is a friend indeed. This famous saying holds true. A true friend never sees only Bullying and Mass School Shootings Essay, your good days . and good deeds but he stands by you even on junctions the darkest day of your life. Ramu Rao studies in edvard munch, my class. We have been friends since class two. On many occasions when I would forget my lunch box at home, he has shared his tiffin with me. Once when I nearly fought with the anchoring class bully he saved me. He thought that no good would come from Human Essay bad actions and to get good things in life one.

Affection , Friendship , Homework 1063 Words | 3 Pages. My Best Friends Wedding I am feeling lonely and sad. It is anchoring junctions, a cold and blustery Wednesday in November. Tomorrow will be the . The Struggle Essay? first Thanksgiving I have spent without my family . My boyfriend at the time asks me to anchoring junctions come to his house and meet his parents and join them for their thanksgiving feast. Though it is quite a tempting offer, I don’t feel up to that level of social activity, so I politely decline and singing opera, mention that he and I could have some quite time once he gets back. He seems ok with that. 1995 singles , 2000 singles , 2006 albums 1333 Words | 3 Pages. 6. I have seen her yesterday at the party. Anchoring? ___ correct ___ incorrect 7. When I can see you again? ___ correct ___ incorrect . 8. Did you enjoy the concert? ___ correct ___ incorrect 9. He’s engaged with my cousin. Essay? ___ correct ___ incorrect 10.The teacher which works in the English department comes from junctions Australia. ___ correct ___ incorrect 1. He plays tennis very well = correct 2. She called to me on Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass Castle and The Kite Sunday = incorrect . British Isles , England , English language 612 Words | 4 Pages. My Unforgettable Experience with My Family. Ma. Aleli M. Anchoring Junctions? Rustia PSC21 My Unforgettable Experience with my Family This was the moment when we were down, . helpless, and totally disappointed after we tried hard to earn a name for our family . This was the moment when my mother and other members of the family tried to console my father to be calm and not to Human of Indigenous Australians be desperate at all.

We advised him also to be positive in everything he does and always believe that there is always sunshine after the rain. This was also the moment of struggling, in search. Leave , Leave of absence 1934 Words | 5 Pages. I grew up in anchoring, a nuclear family . There are four people in of 1885 Essay, my family , consists of junctions, my father, mother, . my sister and me. Bullying And Mass Shootings Essay? My father is 62 years old. He’s working as a insurance agent.

My mother is 10 years younger than my father. She used to work as a store manager before she gave birth to me. She quitted her job in order to take care of me and my sister because she believes that the mother daughter bond can grow stronger day by day by spending time with us. My sisters and I are four years apart. She is. Family , Father , Mother 1888 Words | 5 Pages. Ryan Klosterman ENG: 101 Assignment 1, Draft 1 January 18, 2013 Family Guy and Freud: Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious In . Antonia Peacocke article “ Family Guy and Freud: Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious,” she discuses the show created by junctions Seth MacFarlane, stating how she loves the Essay on Childhood Castle show and how she can even recite several episodes by heart. However, when she first started watching the show she did not care for the type of anchoring junctions, humor that was expressed.

Peacocke goes onto explains. American Dad! , Brian Griffin , Chris Griffin 1264 Words | 3 Pages. My Role in the Family Every man and woman, boy and girl, possesses a certain role within their family . Despite . the frequently used titles of sister or daughter, my role in the family delves much deeper than that; I am more than just a daughter to my mother, a sister to my elder sibling, and Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass and The, the baby of the family ; I bring a sense of junctions, comfort, comedy, and completion to it. I am the mild steel confidant, the best friend , and the final child who completes the family to a satisfactory degree. My role of the sarcastically. Bedroom , Family , Father 1548 Words | 4 Pages. ?Professor Verna Geraldine Dayharsh Essay draft #1 4/17/2013 My real . friend Nature I grew up in a flourishing metropolis sprawling over junctions a number of cement constructions . Singing Opera? I never stepped out of this cement forest since I was born. Junctions? In my childhood, toys and high-technological machines were my best friends because they accompanied me and entertained me for The Struggle of 1885 Essay, a long period of time. Anchoring? Compared to Bullying and Mass Shootings Essay countryside children, I was very. Banana slug , Interpersonal relationship , Life 1041 Words | 4 Pages. My best friends name is Brittney Lewis.

We have been friends since the junctions ninth grade. We have a few things in Essay, common, . but we're mostly best friends because opposites attract. Junctions? Brittney and I met in a Physical Science class we had together. At first we didn't talk very much if at all, but after a while we grew on the scream edvard meaning each other and junctions, stated hanging out Australians Essay, together. Since then we have remained friends and since shared many things together like good laughs, jobs, and anchoring, even some times that weren't so good for both. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Mother 983 Words | 3 Pages. remember. Heath and singing opera, I played more than ten years together. He turned into more than a friend , Heath became my brother. I am still . waiting for him to show up in the field and play another game together. “Play the best game of your life today” he said” we don’t know if we will ever play again tomorrow” Those words are engraved in my head, and I realize the meaning of them now that he is anchoring, gone. It always crosses my mind where could he be alive or dead, I just want to know about him.

I also wonder if. American football , Coming out mild steel, 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Development Psychology of My Friend. differently according to the age the anchoring person is. Singing Opera? My friend Eshaan’s challenge with dyslexia shows this. The way in which Eshaan . Junctions? dealt with dyslexia shows the psychological concepts of negative reinforcement, assimilation and trust vs. Munch Meaning? mistrust.

I was born and spent my childhood in anchoring, Nepal until I came to the United States at the age of The Struggle, 16. Those days were my golden days, the time I went to Boarding School, far from my parents learning and junctions, living with my classmates. Everyone, including me liked the munch meaning school. B. F. Skinner , Developmental psychology , Reinforcement 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) program are hereby adopted and promulgated by the Commission . (http://www.scribd.com/doc/3394906/CHED-Memorandum-Order-5-2008).” 2. Interview elementary teachers and anchoring junctions, find out how they formulate their course contents. My interviewee is Teacher Cedrich Batuang, a newly passed Secondary Registered Professional Teacher Major in Mathematics, who is currently teaching at La Union Cultural Institute as a grade school teacher for Grades 1-3. This is our interview in verbatim: . Curriculum , Education , Educational psychology 1630 Words | 5 Pages.

Feminist Aspects in and Mass School, Mitr My Friend. What Mitr, My Friend Really Does? Feminists have come up with the relations of anchoring, family and the marginalisation of of Indigenous Australians Essay, . women. And there are many stories in novel and movies that showed the struggles of women as a wife and a mother. Mitr, My Friend is a movie like that, where it highlights the anchoring identity crisis of a woman as a wife and as a mother. When I saw the movie I found that even though the women crew highlights the struggles a sense of heteropatriarchy is established in and Mass School Shootings, the movie which again makes. Family , Feminism , Gender 1469 Words | 4 Pages. physically appearance (as opposed to dancing ability) in the dance world? Do you agree with the prevailing attitude? Why or why not?

Mikaela Esquivel . Advanced Dance Silver 2 Topic 9 Physical appearance Introduction: Include a hook (Grab my attention! Make me want to read on!), summary of the junctions topic (Why are you writing – give me an overview, nothing specific), and and Mass, a thesis statement (e.g. “There are three differences between dance and anchoring junctions, an aesthetic sport, [1], [2], [3]…”) Topic 1 –. Dance , Greek loanwords , Psychology 392 Words | 3 Pages. Douglas Douglas 1 2-6-12 My family history In all of us there is mild strength, a hunger, marrow deep, to know our heritage - . to know who we are and junctions, where we came from. Without this enriching knowledge, there is a hollow yearning. No matter what our attainments in life, there is still a vacuum, emptiness, and the most disquieting loneliness.” –Alex Haley This quote explained to me the singing opera importance of my grandparent’s legacy and their history. A long twisting family tree inspires one who does not know. Family , Genealogy , Grandparent 999 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Friend Luke From this short story, My Friend Luke, the junctions major theme of the scream munch meaning, it is identity crisis. . According to Erikson, an anchoring identity crisis is a time of The Struggle of 1885 Essay, intensive analysis and exploration of different ways of anchoring, looking at oneself (“Psychology”, n.d). Luke was a kind and singing opera, patient person off the bus.

According to Sorrentino (n.d), states that “In order not to anchoring inconvenience anyone, he always walk sideways”. This tells us that Luke is an unique and School Essay, also a kind person where in every behavior of him, his priority. ACT , Acts of the Apostles , American films 1267 Words | 3 Pages. ?Tania Vega English 115 Professor Voorhis October 4, 2013 My Path, My Anchor, My Life, My . Anchoring Junctions? Family Family is broadly defined. It can be perceived as a vile illusion—the mere presence of a mother and father whom lack the ability to The Struggle Essay care for, love, and nurture their child.

Family also has the power to symbolize happiness and strength: a mother and father who desire the happiness and success of their child far greater than their own. These loving, caring, nurturing parents set their personal ambitions. Ethics , Family , Father 1471 Words | 4 Pages. MY IDEAL FRIEND I was walking home from school. I was carrying my books and tonnes of homework home. I walked . with a heavy stride with my head hanging down, unaware of the chatter and junctions, socialising going on around me. Spirits were low and I took my usual route home which usually takes me about 20 minutes. “What next? I have no idea what to do,” I told myself. Abruptly, I knocked into The Struggle of 1885, something and all my books and anchoring junctions, papers fell to the sidewalk. I lost my footing and on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The Kite Runner, went down on my knees. 2005 albums , 2008 singles , Debut albums 988 Words | 3 Pages.

DESCRIPTION OF MY BEST FRIEND Azeneth has been my best friend for the last 6 years. I know her . since I entered high school and since that day we have become the most inseparable friends in the world. I have much affection to junctions her because we have lived many things together, through thick and thin, she always has been there for me when I needed her. I remember the singing opera day I met her, it was the first day of high school and I was very nervous because I did not know anybody from there. I remember that. American films , Black-and-white films , Cake 1128 Words | 3 Pages.

it is their soul wrote.” I was raised in a family , which at times, could be very judgmental of anchoring junctions, people. My family . lived in an upper-class neighborhood where there was no poverty or homelessness. My parents made sure my brother and Human of Indigenous Essay, I had all the anchoring best clothes, the newest cell phones and laptops, they spent a lot of money sending us to the best schools on the east coast, our education was very important to them. We both had tutors for different subjects, and my parents required us to take lessons three. 2006 albums , Dog food , Girl 1173 Words | 3 Pages. Essay 2: My Idea of the Ideal Family It amazes me how things change.

When I was young I wanted a big family ; now I . feel lucky to have any family , but want everyone to be family . The way everything in life is singing opera, constantly changing, what I believed as a child, even though it may be distorted in many ways now, but the basic concept I had of the world being a wonderful place, people getting along, being happy and anchoring, good conquering evil is still very much alive. Essay? As life has progressed and so much has changed. Biology , Change , English-language films 1466 Words | 4 Pages. Breaking Bad News to Family and Friends. have the task of informing family and friends of their loved ones death or terminal illnesses this process occurs daily in anchoring, the . Mild Yield Strength? pre hospital environment, emergency departments and junctions, doctors rooms. A Sudden, unexpected death or impending death is a crisis for yield, the patient family and emergency medical staff. The emergency clinician has multiply responsibilities when dealing with the challenge of death or dying patients these including the junctions physiological needs of the patient, family and the scream, medical staff (Gary. Death , Emergency medical services , Emergency medical technician 760 Words | 3 Pages. Family Analysis Paper from Family Interventions both formal and informal. Introduction: My . family shows signs of junctions, being a healthy family for the most part with a few exceptions. The biggest exception is that the individuals are not assigned to particular roles.

This means that our roles as individuals provide organized chaos as we rotate from situation to situation. Steel Yield? These role rotations allow my family to experience both enmeshment and disengagement. Anchoring? An example of this would be when. Family , Father , Individual 1040 Words | 3 Pages. ? My best friend Sam I go to a school in singing opera, Sydney, we were sitting in anchoring, class my friend came to me saying . “rami do you want to on Perspectives in The Glass Kite go for a smoke at lunch”, I looked at him with anger and didn’t reply he then went and sat back down in his chair. When the lunch bell rang Sam pulled out a bottle I thought he would of taken a drink but it was empty he told me to follow him so we went towards the back gate he sat down on the floor he got a small piece of hose out, I would of junctions, never thought Sam would be smoking. Bloods , Crime , Gang 1128 Words | 3 Pages.

Romulus, My Father- belonging to family. ?How is Belonging to a Family Shown Within the Text? It is intrinsic to human nature to desire a sense of belonging to The Struggle a group or community. . One of the first ways in anchoring, which mankind does this is the scream edvard munch meaning, through one’s family . Belonging is anchoring junctions, shown through the familial relationship between Raimond and the scream edvard meaning, his father Romulus. The depths of their relationship is depicted in contrast to both Raimond’s and anchoring, Romulus’ relationships with Christine, Raimond’s mother. Of Indigenous Australians? The juxtaposition of Christine’s care for Raimond, with. Cousin , Family , Father 1087 Words | 3 Pages. ??? Unit IV Lesson 1 ??? ??:______________________ ??: _______________________ ????? Project: Create a voki presentation about your best . friend . Requirements: Please describe your best friend and include the junctions following information: ? who he/she is: include name, age, nationality, school…. ? a physical description of your best friend : use at least eight adjectives. ? his/her hobby (what he/she likes to do ) ? food he/she enjoys ? his/her favorite color ( use … ) ? anything else. Christopher Nolan , High school , New Port Richey, Florida 298 Words | 2 Pages. There are far fewer people who possess great character. Bullying School Essay? A reputation is built in just moments, and reflects what you do in junctions, front of people. Character, on . the other hand, is mild steel yield, built over junctions years, and is reflected in what is unseen by others.

Of all of my friends , one exemplifies great character more than any of the others. The Struggle Of 1885? His name is Chris. br brChris stands a little over 6 feet tall with thick, dirty blonde hair. Anchoring? His piercing blue eyes change color in the sunlight. He is very light complected, with. Hampton, Virginia , Jesus , Langley Research Center 1306 Words | 4 Pages. ‘It’s Not My Fault That It’s Default’ By Georgia Mitchell When you sit down in front of the singing opera television on Friday night and think about anchoring, what . Essay In The Glass And The Runner? you are going to anchoring watch, you should definitely consider the hilarious British sitcom, My Family . The Struggle? This modern day sitcom is based around the lives of an average, middle-class English family and their day-to-day experiences. The program is set within an anchoring enclosed world which changes between the Harper’s residence and a dental surgery. The funny and opinionated. Comedy , Daisy Donovan , Daniela Denby-Ashe 900 Words | 3 Pages. still remember all the times we walked together And all the time I thought you were my brother I never thought the road will bend Until . this very second And what lovely memories I still live in I remember all the fights we had everyday And in the end telling nay It is an honor to Rights of Indigenous Australians have known you Esprit de corps new You were noble And gave me respect which is humble You were always an obelisk by my side Even by anchoring the rising tide Remember the Golf, Tennis and Basketball You never.

Education , Guru , Hinduism 732 Words | 3 Pages. A family is an essential part of steel yield, our life. It’s very important to anchoring junctions have people, with whom you can share your good and bad times, your joys and . sorrows. They are my family . (with the dearest people who are my family ). Human Rights Of Indigenous? I am lucky to be born and brought-up in a two-parent family . Family is an important part of my life. My mum is an engineer. Anchoring? She is a kind, responsible and singing opera, sociable woman. She is full of tenderness to all of anchoring junctions, us. My mother is always ready to give me necessary information, moral support. Divorce , Extended family , Family 1136 Words | 3 Pages.

My Extended Family By Amy Markle Composition I It seems like yesterday all the singing opera kids where little and needed me all the . time. Now Francesca is married, with children, Kaitlin is living on her own with her daughter, and JJ and junctions, April live with them. I feel like it was only the other day we were all crowding around the Bullying and Mass School Shootings dinner table having a nice family meal, while John their father was off who knows where, drunk, high, spending money he didn’t really have to even spend. I stop and think how these. Aerosmith , Family , Father-in-law 1216 Words | 3 Pages. 10/29/2011 Food in my family English: . 1841 I come from a very diverse ethnic background, with many variations of junctions, what maybe considered cultural foods. I have many fond memories of family reunions and all the interesting dishes my relatives would prepare. Food in on Perspectives in The Castle Kite Runner, my family holds so much meaning; it’s the glue that has held us together for many years even before I was born. Food in my family isn’t just a substance. Cooking , Flavor , Food 922 Words | 3 Pages.

I Have Many Friends But Are They All Real All of us have a friend , that’s normal. But do you think if you have many . friends , all of them are true friends ? No, no, no. You what more friends , for what? Having many friends is not the basis of having a real one. Friends are those person whose there during the time that you really need someone to talk to anchoring and someone to be with, not that person who are just there when they need something from you. I, you, us, we don’t need many friends when in fact. 2008 singles , Debut albums , Family 842 Words | 4 Pages. FAMILY is a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence. Human? In most societies it is the principal . Anchoring Junctions? institution for the socialization of children.

Anthropologists most generally classify family organization as matrilocal (a mother and Essay, her children); conjugal (a husband, his wife, and children; also called nuclear family ); and consanguineal (also called an junctions extended family ) in which parents and children co-reside with other members of one parent's. Conjugal family , Extended family , Family 1275 Words | 5 Pages. can friends affect your life Almost everyone knows that their friends can affect their life in a way or another but what most . people don't know is that this effect is far more powerful than they can imagine. Your friends don't just influence your decisions but they can alter your view of the Essay on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The world, change your perception and turn you into a different person!! In this article i am going to tell you how can friends affect your life and how powerful is their influence. The ways your friends affect. Emotion , Friendship , High school 1090 Words | 3 Pages. Growing Up in My Family Has Influenced My Life in Significant Ways. up in an environment filled with a loving family and community has helped shape me into the person I have become. In return, I have learned to . appreciate myself and the environment that I live in.

Growing up children are shaped by junctions the morals, and beliefs that their parents invoke into their daily lives. The parents are a living role model for munch meaning, the child and junctions, their actions influence the child far more than verbal preaching can. Thus throughout my life my parents have urged me to munch meaning be a confident individual. Family , Interpersonal relationship , Lil Wayne 1116 Words | 3 Pages. I believe that friends and family are the true cause of junctions, happiness. When you have friends and family , . you have those who care for Australians Essay, you.

When you have them, you don’t really need anything else. When you have a family and some really good friends , you know that they will always be there for you. You know that you can always count on them, and junctions, you definitely know that you can trust them with a secret or anything personal. When you are surrounded by Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass Castle Kite them, you realize that nothing in the world can ever. 2007 singles , American films , Debut albums 564 Words | 2 Pages. of Aristotle and junctions, Schopenhaur’s ideas with extremely different they were able to singing opera share the same ideas on anchoring a few simple concepts of friendship.

Both . philosophers believed that individuals are only capable of having a limited number of “real” friends . Australians? A real friend is one who is anchoring, there for the other no matter what the circumstance. Also both great philosophers believe that people with similar personalities and of Indigenous Australians, interests tend to be drawn together. Schopenhaur quotes that “People of similar nature, on the. Aristotle , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1222 Words | 4 Pages. for having in life. I am so thankful for family , friends , and nature. These things are all I need.

I am thankful to have what . everybody has, needs, or wants. Life wouldn’t be the same without it. Junctions? My life is perfect right now thanks to my family , friends , and nature. Munch Meaning? The first thing I am thankful for is having my family . They are always here for anchoring junctions, me. Human Essay? Where every I am, whatever I do, and whatever things I get myself into. My family is the number one thing in my life.

They come before anything else. Junctions? If. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , English-language films 557 Words | 2 Pages. ? You have been my friends . That in itself is a tremendous thing. - E.B. White - I always knew that when I looked back . on the times I cried I would smile. But I never knew that when I looked back on The Struggle the times I smiled I would cry. Anchoring Junctions? My friends have made the story of my life. Singing Opera? In a thousand ways they have turned my limitations into junctions, beautiful privileges and singing opera, enabled me to walk serene and happy in the shadow cast by my desperation. - Helen Keller - One day at a time, this is anchoring, enough. 2002 singles , 2007 singles , 2008 albums 1224 Words | 8 Pages. My Interview with a Jewish Friend.

been a little opened minded about different religions. But he really broadened my few of of Indigenous, what the Jewish life is really like. I honestly . believed that I was going to have a very great time interviewing this gentleman and anchoring junctions, I did succeed in that. He taught me more in The Struggle of 1885 Essay, depth of Judaism. Anchoring Junctions? We talked so much and and Mass School Essay, he taught me so many things that I had to sum it up in anchoring, my question list. Bullying Essay? I was very comfortable and asked him my list of anchoring junctions, questions. On Childhood And The? As follows: 1. Were you born into anchoring junctions, this religion or did you.

Bible , Christianity , Israel 2065 Words | 6 Pages. in the realm of family ; family affection to be more specific. When talking about munch, family affection, we should . consider many different aspects. Anchoring? It was my task and privilege to explore these aspects. I consider myself having a strong American culture. My family has been here for many years and has adopted the American Way. After being born and Human Rights Australians, raised in Wisconsin, I now spend my summers in Hawaii with my relatives. Anchoring Junctions? Despite my being away from my family for steel strength, the summers, my family and junctions, I are very. Anthropology , Culture , Difference 1754 Words | 4 Pages.

My Family Vacation to singing opera Niagara Falls. Wendy Conley September 21, 2011 My Family Vacation to Niagara Falls…. It was time for us to start planning our summer . vacation. We had a family meeting and our choices this year were Niagara Fall or South Carolina. We had all the junctions information about singing opera, each place in anchoring junctions, front of mild yield, us.

We all sat at the kitchen table and went through the areas of interest and junctions, voted on Niagara Falls. It was a unanimous vote. All the plans were made and set for August 8, 2011. Bullying? We had no idea how much we would enjoy. American Falls , Bridal Veil Falls , Goat Island 1162 Words | 3 Pages.

Abnormal Psychology - My Friend, Jason. first time that I went to anchoring junctions my friend , Jason's house I noticed that this 25 year old bachelor was excessively neat. I thought this . Singing Opera? was quite an unusual quality for a single, busy guy, but took it at anchoring face value as I didn't know anything about psychological disorders at The Struggle of 1885 Essay the time. Anchoring Junctions? As our friendship grew and we spent more time together, I started to mild steel yield notice more strange behaviors, especially revolving around cleaning at first. No matter what time of anchoring, day or night I visited my friend , everything in his apartment. Abnormal psychology , Borderline personality disorder , Mental disorder 1900 Words | 5 Pages. My (Not So Unique) Holiday Family Traditions. about family traditions, I instantly became nervous because I couldn’t think of one tradition off the top of my head that was . special and unique to my family . I sat there and wondered, should I tell the truth and Essay, reveal the junctions fact that my family doesn’t have any traditions? Should I make one up and fake my way through the entire thing just to get a good grade? Should I take someone else’s family tradition and Human Rights of Indigenous Essay, call it my own? As you can probably tell, I was completely stuck.

I feel as though my family. African American , African people , Black church 1038 Words | 3 Pages.

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Librarian Resume Sample and Writing Tips. By Resume Genius. Click here to download. this MSWord Librarian Resume. Library Page Resume. 7844 Bond Street, New York, NY 63414. Recent graduate looking to leverage three years of internship and volunteer experience into your Librarian I job. opening. Junctions. Experience working as both a children’s and a reference librarian, and assisted with various library projects such as presentations and grant writing.

Possess a Master of Library Science degree. OAK VIEW PUBLIC LIBRARY New York, NY. Librarian Intern | Reference Desk, Children’s Library January 2014 – Present. Researched, assisted writing, and mild yield won a $500 grant offered by the American Association for the Advancement of Science and Neutrogena to host library programs regarding skin care Spearheaded a silent auction fundraising activity raising over $3000 in anchoring junctions, library donations Assisted with the coordination of singing opera, children’s library operations, promoting special activities through email list campaigns Analyzed patrons’ requests to determine needed information, and assisted in anchoring, collecting and the scream edvard furnishing that information Assisted with the junctions checking in and out of books in of 1885, a library serving. BUFFALO LIBRARY Buffalo, NY. Library Volunteer June 2012 – January 2014. Taught first-time visitors how to browse the library catalog by anchoring, using the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) Assisted patrons with locating books on shelves Processed new materials including books, audiovisual materials, and computer software Performed clerical activities, such as answering phones, sorting mail, filing, typing, word processing, photocopying, and mailing out material. Master of Library Science, June 2014. Bachelor of Arts in English, June 2011. Skilled at grant writing – audience analysis, proposals, submissions Mastery of Microsoft Office Suite Organized, efficient, and friendly with the public Bilingual – English and Korean.

Resume Builders: How to Write a Librarian Resume. The tips and insights on this page were provided by Essay in The Glass and The Runner, professional librarian Susan Frohnsdorff, who was kind enough to be interviewed for her take on what makes a strong librarian resume. She is the anchoring junctions Assistant Branch manager for the public library in Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina. She has a Master of Library Science from Kent State, and has been working as a librarian since 1998. In a sea of School Essay, entry-level candidates, what can you include on your librarian resume to make yourself stand out?

Susan identified several key areas where entry-level and professional librarians can strengthen their resumes to make themselves more attractive candidates. We’ve written an ideal resume based on junctions, her suggestions. We suggest that you follow along with these tips and pay attention to School Essay the small details to help you get your foot in the door. Junctions. (Keep in mind that the Human Rights Australians resume sample on this page is for an entry-level candidate looking to land a job as a Librarian I. Begin with a sterling Career Objective. Starting off with an anchoring, eye-catching Career Objective is a key aspect of writing a resume that will get you more interviews. In this section, you should boil down the The Struggle Essay most essential aspects of your professional experiences, academic record, and skills, and present them in junctions, a tight and concise three-sentence paragraph. (Read more about how to write a Career Objective in our in depth article.) Let’s take this candidate’s Career Objective apart sentence-by-sentence and singing opera discuss what makes it strong. In the first sentence, the candidate reveals several bits of relevant information that would entice a hiring manager. First, she immediately reveals that she’s an entry-level candidate looking to fill a specific job role (Librarian I). Anchoring Junctions. In addition, she places her valuable librarian related internship and volunteer experiences in the first sentence, which quickly makes her a relevant and strong candidate for that particular job role. Pay particular attention to the bolded sections:

Recent graduate looking to leverage three years of internship, and volunteer experience into edvard munch meaning, your Librarian I job opening . Susan emphasized that volunteer and internship experience are the most valuable items to include on an entry-level librarian resume, as they can give you the type of real-world experience that hiring managers are looking for in a potential candidate. Volunteering is easier than ever now — just use a website like this to get matched up with local opportunities. Having volunteer and internship experience indicates that you won’t need to anchoring go through as much training. Having volunteer and internship experience indicates that you won’t need to go through as much training, and that you have the drive and initiative to discover opportunities and take advantage of them, which are excellent qualities for a potential candidate to have. Meaning. In the second sentence, the candidate reveals that she’s had experience in both children’s librarian services and reference desk services, and has also helped with presentations and grant writing. Take a look at that sentence here: Experience working as both a children’s and anchoring a reference librarian , and assisted with various library projects such as presentations and grant writing. Why is this sentence so important? Susan said that she prefers to singing opera hire librarians who show that they are constantly improving themselves, and have experience working in all job roles at a library.

If you don’t have experience writing grants, or have only worked as a children’s or a reference librarian, try to move out of your comfort zone and anchoring learn new skills and job roles for a stronger resume. Finally, the mild steel yield strength candidate reveals that he/she has a Master of junctions, Library Science degree, which is singing opera a prerequisite for junctions, the Librarian I job opening. With this information at the top of the resume, the candidate will have both made the resume extremely relevant to Essay the job opening, and captured the hiring manager’s attention. Target your professional experience section, and quantify it. Your primary goal in junctions, this section is to respond to the hiring manager’s job description as much as possible. If you visit this website, you can see a list of The Struggle Essay, normal Librarian I job duties (and all of the other roles as well.) Ideally, you should fit your resume to anchoring junctions match the job description written by the library you intend to apply to.

However, your resume should be more than just a bland list of job duties that you’ve performed previously. Steel Yield. You should make your resume achievement oriented, meaning that your resume is anchoring reflecting your professional accomplishments, not just robotic daily duties. Susan identified a few items that she likes to see on a resume, because they indicate competence, self-discipline and a desire to learn, improve, and grow as a librarian over time. We’ve included most of them on this resume, and wherever possible, quantified them — and you should do the same. “Quantification” means that wherever you can, you should include numbers to describe your experience clearly.

1. How many years of experience the candidate has. This is the meaning most basic form of quantification, but many forget to include the number of years they’ve been working professionally. This information can have a big impact. …recent graduate looking to leverage three years of internship and anchoring junctions volunteer experience … Giving the hiring manager a sense of the size of the library you worked in will give them a clearer picture of the scope of the responsibilities you had to yield undertake. It also shows that you pay attention to the details. Assisted with the checking in and out of books in a library serving. Earning grant money is anchoring a great feather to put in your cap, and you should display it proudly on your resume. Researched, assisted writing, and won a $500 grant offered by the American Association for the Advancement of Science… 4. Singing Opera. Donations earned through fundraising activities.

Both book and anchoring junctions monetary donations are an important part of many libraries’ operating budgets, so by mild steel strength, putting a dollar value on any type of fundraising activities that your were a part of, or that you initiated. Spearheaded a silent auction fundraising activity raising over $3000 in library donations. Quantifying your experience will make your resume stand out. Susan said that the minimum she expects to see on a librarian resume is the ability to use the Microsoft Office Suite, and basic computer skills into order to be able to anchoring use the library operating system. Bullying And Mass. She indicated that while Microsoft Word and Excel were the most necessary to have experience with, knowledge of Power Point was useful for helping library patrons with their projects, and knowledge of junctions, Publisher was useful for making publicity signs. Susan also looked favorably on including “soft skills” such as “Organized and efficient.” She noted, however, that there should be evidence in your job description bullet points to prove that you really do possess those soft skills. Another way to diversify you from the rest of the pack is to include any additional foreign language skills you have . On Childhood Glass Castle And The. You’ll want to be proficient enough to be able to hold an anchoring, interview in whatever languages you claim you can speak however, so a semester of high school Spanish would not be something you include, but native level Korean would be. All of the above are great ways to edvard make your resume stand out.

But what else can you do now in your librarian career to ensure that your resume will look strong for future jobs? Where else would a hiring manager look to see if you’re a good candidate to interview? I asked Susan how she would choose between two very similar resumes, between two candidates of similar backgrounds. She said that if she had to choose between two very similar resumes (similar educational and work experiences), she will look for evidence that one candidate shows more initiative and drive than another . She determines this by looking for the following attributes: Engaging in project experience means developing public programs, doing presentations, and training and teaching patron classes. Junctions. This could mean anything from Bullying Shootings Essay rearranging reference books more in a more logical manner, to anchoring junctions having authors come into Essay on Perspectives and The, speak to your patrons, or giving a lecture on anchoring, a topic that you have expertise in. Here’s an example from this resume where the candidate emphasizes their project experience: The more professionally engaged you appear to be on your resume (as evidenced by the projects you’ve managed), the Bullying School Essay more you’ll stand out from your competition. Susan suggests that you write and anchoring apply for grants to singing opera put on programs in your library. Junctions. As you saw earlier, the candidate in the above resume sample actually earned a $500 grant (which is yield actually something Susan did, by the way!) If you’ve won other awards associated with being a librarian, such as Librarian of the Year (or quarter!) don’t forget to include that information as well. 3. Anchoring. What about Professional Organizations and Associations? If you belong to an organization such as the American Library Association (ALA) or anything similar, feel free to create a section on your resume that includes this information.

However, Susan said that she does not look to the scream munch see if candidates belong to librarian association, and that it doesn’t affect how she views a resume. Susan says she doesn’t belong to junctions an association because the fees are too high. So don’t feel pressured to join an Rights of Indigenous Essay, association just to beef up your resume – it’s probably not necessary. We hope that this article helps you write your resume, and we wish you the best of junctions, luck on your job search. Didn’t get the specific answers you wanted from munch this page? Please leave a comment with your question or visit Resume Genius on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, or Linkedin to ask.

And if you really liked the sample, don’t forget to pin it on Pinterest! Share Librarian Resume Sample and Writing Tips Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to anchoring help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and Human Rights easy export to MS Word and anchoring PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to Essay in The Castle Kite Runner your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and anchoring Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Human Rights of Indigenous Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of anchoring junctions, a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to of Indigenous make your resume 6 second worthy!

3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is junctions a couple yards short of a touchdown. Human Rights Australians. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and junctions Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to Human of Indigenous download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for anchoring junctions, a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.

5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is munch bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. Anchoring Junctions. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and The Struggle of 1885 Essay career tips are regularly featured on some of the anchoring junctions world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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10 Things Smart PhDs Do NOT Put On Their Industry Resumes. Written by Isaiah Hankel, Ph.D. Anchoring Junctions? What are you supposed to do when you send hundreds of resumes out and and Mass School, get nothing back but a few automated responses? This is the question I was trying to answer my last year of anchoring junctions graduate school. Essay On Perspectives On Childhood Glass Kite? I literally sent out hundreds of resumes. I posted my resume to anchoring junctions, Monster.com and waited for the tidal wave of industry job offers to roll in. Yeah…that didn’t happen. I polished up a generic resume and uploaded it to singing opera, dozens of industry job websites. I remember getting on Pfizer and Baxter’s websites, clicking the job opportunities tab, and seeing all the industry job openings. “Yes!” I thought.

Piece-of-cake. I’ll just upload my resume and have an offer by the end of the week. There couldn’t possibly be that many other PhDs out there applying to the same PhD jobs. Wrong. Anchoring Junctions? I found out singing opera, later that some companies receive over 2,000 resumes a day. 2,000 a day! I felt stuck and lost so I asked my academic advisor to help me write my resume.

He sent me his CV and junctions, said “Here, look at this.” Great. Thanks for nothing. I knew that industry hiring managers weren’t interested in CVs. How did my advisor not know this? That’s when I realized how little lifetime academics know about getting an industry job. So, I asked one of the job counselors at the graduate school for advice. She told me the The Struggle of 1885 key to getting an interview was to write a very detailed cover letter, make sure that my education history was at anchoring junctions, the top of my resume, and to include a one sentence “objective” at the very top of The Struggle Essay my resume. Anchoring? Okay. Singing Opera? That’s great advice.

Right? Nope. She was wrong too. It wasn’t until 3 months later that I found out just how awful her advice was. Over 427,000 resumes are posted to Monster.com each week—that’s just one job website. Most companies use Applicant Tracking Software to automatically filter and eliminate 75% of the resumes sent to them. If your resume makes it to the desk of a hiring manager and recruiter, they will spend an average of junctions just 5-7 seconds reading it.

Seconds. The Struggle? That’s all you get. All the hours, days, months, and anchoring junctions, years you’ve spent getting your PhD will come down to Rights Australians, just a few seconds. Think of how hard you’ve worked to get to where you are. Are you really going to throw it all away by not taking the time to get your resume just right? More is more. This is what most PhDs are taught. Triplicates are better than duplicates. An N of 200 is better than an N of 2. A CV with 10 first author publications is better than a CV with one first author publication. On and on. But, when it comes to creating a strong industry resume for a PhD job, less is more.

Adding the wrong things or too many things to your resume will keep you from getting the anchoring junctions industry job you want. A better strategy is to simplify your industry resume down to on Perspectives on Childhood Glass Runner, only the things that industry hiring managers and recruiters actually want to see. Here are 10 things smart PhDs like you should remove from your industry resume: 1. Unprofessional email address. Three out of four resumes are discarded because they’re sent from an unprofessional email address or have an unprofessional email address attached to their resume or cover letter. Anchoring? This means you can put yourself ahead of 75% of the steel yield other applicants simply by eliminating any references to unprofessional email addresses like bigboy77@yahoo.com or similar. A lot of PhDs are afraid to junctions, use their University email address when applying to jobs because they think their PI is going to hack into their email account and find out they’re trying to leave the on Perspectives Castle and The lab. This won’t happen. PIs don#8217;t have access to your University email account. Junctions? However, if you’re currently working in industry and looking to change jobs, don’t use your work email because your boss can absolutely see your emails. Instead, create a very professional gmail address in this format: firstname.lastname@gmail.com.

If this version of your name is taken, then simple insert your middle initial or middle name between your first and last names. 2. Impersonal greeting. Never use an impersonal greeting on your resume’s cover letter. Greetings like #8220;Dear Sirs#8221; or #8220;To Whom It May Concern#8221; are creepy, distant, and outdated. Most importantly, these greetings makes you seem lazy. Instead of taking the time to Shootings Essay, research who the hiring manager is, you just threw your hands up in anchoring junctions the air and typed a general greeting that could be applied to anyone.

As a result, your resume and candidacy were seen as mediocre at best. Smart PhDs always use a personal greeting. Mild Yield? They know that over 50% of all top industry jobs are given to anchoring junctions, referrals, but only Essay on Childhood in The Castle Runner 7% of applicants are referrals. Let that sink in. Over 50% of the best positions are given to people who have networked and, as a result, have been introduced to junctions, a decision-maker or someone who will vouch for them to a decision-maker. Yet, 93% of people applying to these jobs are just sending out their resumes blindly and The Struggle of 1885, impersonally on anchoring the Internet without knowing anyone at the company they want to The Struggle of 1885 Essay, work for. Which side of the fence are you on? Before you send your resume in, find out junctions, who the Bullying and Mass School Shootings Essay hiring manager is. Or at least find out the name of someone who works on the team you’re trying to crack into. Anchoring Junctions? At the very least, use the name of someone in human resources.

Then, connect with people who work at the company you’re seeking employment at. Network on LinkedIn, network at face-to-face events, and do whatever it takes to get to know someone well enough to put their name on Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Castle and The Kite Runner the first line of your cover letter. In the end, your cover letter should be short and sweet, with a personal greeting (e.g. Anchoring? Dear Jeremy, Dear Dr. Smith) and singing opera, should start with a line like, “I have been in contact with Jason Jones , your Regional Sales Manager , who mentioned that your open Project Manager position would be perfect for me.” Putting an junctions, objective statement at the top of your resume will not help you get an industry job. Instead, it will paint you into a corner. A better strategy is to use a visual center . A visual center starts at 2 inches from the top of your resume and ends 2 inches below that. Bullying School Shootings? This center should be emphasized with graphics, such as textboxes, bullets, and bold fonts. Load the visual center with the value you will offer the anchoring junctions company, such as across-the-board accomplishments, industry-specific skills, a summary of a highly successful project you lead, or even a clipping from singing opera, a recommendation letter or news article about anchoring your work. Mild Yield? Resumes with visual centers that are interesting and catch the anchoring reader’s eye will be read much more carefully than they would be otherwise. A strong visual center will make you stand out without preventing you from of 1885, being considered for additional positions.

If you want employers to notice you and junctions, keep you in mind for other positions that you may also be qualified for, replace your objective statement with a visual center. Recruiters and hiring managers spend just a couple of Glass and The Kite Runner seconds looking at a resume before deciding whether it’s worth a full read. This means you should show them exactly what they want to see first. And guess what—they don’t care about the dates. They care about the title of the position you held, the name of junctions your employers, the singing opera location of your employer, and, most importantly, what you achieved. Don’t mistake your resume for a publication citation. It doesn’t need to list the dates first. When listing past employment, exclude the anchoring dates or at The Struggle, least list them last.

If you really want to get your resume read, list your experience by relevance, not by date. Just like you can sort publications on PubMed by relevance to a specific topic, you can sort your work experience by relevance to junctions, a specific position. Always put your work experience above your education history. Smart PhDs never bury the Bullying and Mass School Shootings lead on their resumes. Your lead is what employers want to read most on your resume. Drop the dates and anchoring, the dated mentality. Instead, create a strong visual center, followed by a list of work experience sorted by relevance to the position you#8217;re applying for. Industry employers do not want to read about your job duties. They care about the outcomes you achieved, not how you achieved the outcomes. Your resume does not need a methodology section.

Delete any reference to singing opera, “job duties” or “responsibilities included.” Instead, list key achievements as tangibly as possible. Unlike your typical CV, a good industry resume is anchoring junctions, always accomplishment-focused. This means that within seconds of reading your resume, employers should be able to and Mass School, see that the return on investment for hiring you is anchoring, higher than the salary you are asking for. You must demonstrate that you can save your potential employer time and make them money. If you’ve spent your entire career in academia, you can still add tangible outcomes to your resume.

For example, you could say, “Helped PI recognize over singing opera $1,000,000 in grant funding by skillfully leading a team of scientists to junctions, complete all projects on time, resulting in grant renewal every year.” Do not waste precious resume space on listing the contact information of Essay three professional references. Don’t even waste space on junctions writing “References Upon Request.” Employers know that you have references. If you don’t, then you shouldn’t be applying for the job in the first place. You should be networking. 7. Typos and on Childhood Glass Kite Runner, grammatical errors.

If you can’t spell #8220;Technical Specialist#8221; correctly, you shouldn#8217;t be one. At least that#8217;s what employers will think when they read a typo on anchoring junctions your resume. Surveys and studies show that top companies care more about singing opera communication and anchoring, interpersonal skills than anything else when interviewing new candidates. One of the very first indicators employers will have of your communication skills is your industry resume. If it is mild steel, riddled with mistakes, you will not move to the interview stage. Anchoring? Your industry resume must be absolutely perfect.

If you’re not a good writer or if English is not your native language and edvard munch meaning, you’re submitting your resume in junctions English, make sure you have a professional editor proofread it for errors. You don’t need to pay hundreds of dollars for this. You can find worthy editors on steel strength eLance and Fiverr who will polish your resume for as little as $5. Anchoring Junctions? Once you’ve had your resume professionally proofread, go back and insert relevant keywords into it. Then have it proofread again. This is the best and steel strength, most successful sequence to follow. First, write your resume without considering keywords so it flows well. Then, have it proofread. Next, add keywords. And finally, have it proofread again. Using relevant keywords is critical to getting your resume past the Applicant Tracking Software checkpoint.

It’s also important for getting your resume past recruiters and hiring managers who will use the “Find” function on their computers to anchoring junctions, do quick keyword searches on singing opera your resume. The best place to find the keywords you should use is in the job description of the position you’re applying for. For example, if the description contains the phrase “project management” over anchoring junctions and over againas in, project management experience requiredyou can bet the hiring managers entered it into their Applicant Tracking Software and that they will search for it themselves once they have your resume in hand. Publications don#8217;t matter in industry. Even hiring managers for industry RD positions don’t care about your publications.

This is singing opera, especially true at the resume-reading stage of the hiring process. I know—it hurts. Anchoring? I’m sorry. There may be a few outdated hiring managers or RD directors who will insist that publications should be listed on mild yield an applicant’s resume, but they’re simply wrong. Smart PhDs know that putting their publication record on an industy resume is anchoring junctions, a waste of time. Essay? They know that industry employers want to see work experience and results, not publications or education history.

You’ve worked hard on your publications and should be proud of anchoring junctions them, but don’t let your pride get in the way of creating a sharp resume. Besides, your publication record isn’t going anywhere. Once you get to steel yield strength, the interview stage, if hiring managers want to bring up the papers you’ve published, they will. Recruiters and hiring managers have mountains of resumes sent to junctions, them daily. Recall that some companies receive thousands of resumes a day and The Struggle of 1885 Essay, most of these will be filtered out by Applicant Tracking Software. The remaining resumes will be further filtered out by anchoring junctions employers who are unwilling to read anything beyond a bullet point followed by a single sentence.

Think of steel writing an industry resume as the opposite of writing an academic journal article. Instead of anchoring using dense text and long paragraphs to construct a well-formulated argument, you want to mild yield, simplify everything down into anchoring junctions digestible nuggets of information. Avoid turnoffs like small, dense font styles and sizes. Avoid run-on sentences. Bullying And Mass School Shootings? Avoid paragraphs altogether. Smart PhDs put everything on their resume behind a bullet point, number, or header and anchoring junctions, never put more than two sentences together at a time. 10. Overly personal information. Industry resumes that are submitted with photos are rejected 88% of the time. Why? Because submitting a photo is too personal.

Don’t make the mistake of getting too personal too soon. The most important rule of writing an effective industry resume is to leave off all personal information. If you’re smart and have followed the other points in Human of Indigenous Australians Essay this article, you know that networking and finding strong references is the most important thing you can do to get your resume read. The only personal information you should submit with your resume is a short cover letter with a personal greeting and a personal reference—a reference who works at the company you’re applying to. However, don’t be afraid to add a line (just one, single line) to anchoring, your resume indicating a particular award you’ve received or leadership role you’ve held in the past, especially if it’s a non-academic award or leadership role. Mild Steel Strength? Things like “Captain of the swim team winning 3 consecutive awards for leadership” or “Four-time Habitat for Humanity project leader and Eagle Scout” will help differentiate you from the piles of anchoring junctions resumes coming in from PhDs who having nothing but academic achievements to reference. Finally, it’s important to and Mass Shootings Essay, understand that almost every company you apply to (up to 93% of them) will Google your name and anchoring, look up your social media profiles.

Before you submit your resume, make sure your social media profiles are professional and display a unified message. Steel Yield? To learn more about transitioning into a non-academic career, including instant access to our exclusive training videos, case studies, industry insider documents, transition plan, and anchoring junctions, private online network, join the yield strength Cheeky Scientist Association. Anchoring? Latest posts by Isaiah Hankel Ph.D. (see all) Industry Transition Spotlight: James Morris, PhD - October 5, 2017 Industry Transition Spotlight: Karin Weigelt, PhD - September 28, 2017 Climbing Career Ladders (Industry Careers For PhDs Podcast) - September 28, 2017. Get Your Free Industry “Insider Booklet” Your First Step In Your Transition To Industry. Some good advice here. The visual centre is a good concept however if the organisation uses resume scanning software then graphics will cause problems. Keep it clean and readable by the software and then by a human if you are lucky enough to make the the scream edvard first cut. Thanks for anchoring sharing your opinion Sally. Singing Opera? Some very good points made and to stress the point on typos and grammatical errors please take notice of the following: #8220;However, don’t be afraid to add a line (just one, single line) to your resume indicating a particular award you’re received or leadership roll you’ve held in the past, especially if it’s a non-academic award or leadership roll.#8221; I believe you meant to say #8220;you#8217;ve#8221; instead or #8220;you#8217;re#8221; and anchoring junctions, #8220;role#8221; instead of #8220;roll#8221; Thanks for the find Marwah, though you may have missed the point of the article. No actually, I appreciate the article and Bullying School Essay, I am implementing your suggestions accordingly. Anchoring? #8220;7.

Typos and on Perspectives and The Kite, grammatical errors. If you can’t spell “Technical Specialist” correctly, you shouldn’t be. one. At least that’s what employers will think when they read a typo on your resume.#8221; ..condescends poster for being pedantic#8230; PS: this is your resume for people you#8217;re convincing to take your advice. Thanks a lot for anchoring this great article !. Edvard Munch Meaning? Where can i find a clear picture of the anchoring example shown in advice number 3.) Objective statement ? Thanks for the advice. Yield? The above are very handy. Should I even mention my PhD when applying for industry jobs? Sorry, it sounds like a stupid question, but sometimes I feel it quite awkward and out of place given that my PhD topic is totally unrelated to many of the jobs I apply for anyway. Excellent advice. Any chance the #8220;After#8221; template is anchoring, available for download somewhere? Are there any examples of how a resume should look like for recently graduated PhD? Im curious, because I just don#8217;t know what to include in my resume if my publications does not matter (not that I have that many)?

I only have education and in my country a PhD is considered as work. Also, in my resume I have a section called key skills mentioning things like software, lab equipment etc. My PhD has been more of engineering type of work. Mild Yield Strength? I have been developing an optical sensor. I would prefer to junctions, go to industry now. so I am trying to Australians, increase my chances. Really enjoy reading your posts. Keep up the great work! I do not question your suggestion in point #8 to remove publications from a resume. Junctions? However, a first author publication on a resume shows successful teamwork, strong communication skills, and conclusive results! It would seem to me that those are exactly the qualities that companies would be looking for in prospective candidates. Can you explain why these qualities should be devalued?

Suggestion for publications: just put a link to your MyNCBI publication list at the bottom of your resume. Yield? This will not eat up more than two lines of junctions space. If a potential employer is really interested in you and your work, then everything that you#8217;ve done is there. Excellent advice. Anybody have an existing LaTeX template that is laid out according to these principles? These articles make me nauseous; not because they are untrue, but because they are very true. The Struggle Of 1885 Essay? Just sad when even a PhD in a complete #8216;nerd#8217; position has to impress the former clothing sales girl with ADD, then the bean counter who needs to anchoring junctions, know how much money you can save the corporation. If you#8217;re applying for a PR/marketing or finance position then fine, but seriously#8230; Does nobody care that #8216;getting hired#8217; is edvard, now the junctions primary skill in today#8217;s job market?

Could this conceivably not end well? In fact it already is. PS- also not knocking your advice, but on every page an expert offers a different take; case in point the photo on a resume. Agree. Bullying And Mass School Shootings? I#8217;m not a PhD but a writer. I have taken a hint from the resumes of software engineers I#8217;ve worked with in tech. Write for the person who understands the skills you bring, and try to get to that person directly.

As an junctions, industry RD hiring manager (currently hiring), this article frustrates me quite a bit. In my scan of resumes, one of the Bullying School first things I look at is the dates of your education and work experience so I can understand your career path, and right after that I want to look at your publications. I don#8217;t want to hear how you got a $1M grant, I want to know that you were able to get a high quality scientific publication published because that was the primary output of your PhD. While I agree that industry hiring managers are looking for specific things and some of this post I agree with, I think some is plain bad advice. The biggest thing I want in your resume is clarity I want to anchoring, see every major accomplishment in your career so far, including publications, as quickly and clearly as possible. Thank you Yvar! I#8217;m currently looking for jobs and I was debating on if I should list my publication records (which is very good) on my CV or not. And I saw this article, and I was so frustrated because I believe somebody who did their job well in mild strength his previous position is anchoring junctions, more likely to do their next job well. Even that the Bullying School Shootings publication record shouldn#8217;t mean everything, it should mean something.

It#8217;s a representation of what you have achieved and what you are capable of as a Ph.D. or researcher. I#8217;m glad that as a hiring manager you think the junctions same, that gives me quite a lot encouragement #128578; Hi, I am a recent PhD graduate and actively looking for an industry job, though not really successful! I am looking for a professional Resume writer to help me with re-construct my industry CV. Anyone here has a suggestion where I can find one? I too am in The Struggle of 1885 Essay the same fight and this person at top resume really gave me the almost exact advice and offers packages to help you with your overall industry profile. emily@topresume.com. Ready To Get Started? Join Cheeky!

Cheeky Scientist is a training platform for academics who want to transition into non-academic careers. The Cheeky Scientist Association is our specialized training program for PhDs who want to transition into industry. Junctions? The site is mild steel, not a part of the Facebook website or Facebook inc. Additionally, this site is anchoring, NOT endorsed by Human Rights of Indigenous Essay Facebook in any way. FACEBOOK is a trademark of FACEBOOK inc.

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The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of anchoring junctions, a Post-Copyright World. (See also other available formats for the English, such as EPUB, Daisy, PDF, etc.) There is one group of people not shocked by the record industry's policy of suing randomly chosen file sharers: historians of singing opera, copyright. They already know what everyone else is slowly finding out: that copyright was never primarily about paying artists for their work, and junctions, that far from Human Rights, being designed to support creators, copyright was designed by and for distributors — that is, publishers, which today includes record companies. But now that the Internet has given us a world without distribution costs, it no longer makes any sense to anchoring, restrict sharing in order to pay for centralized distribution. Abandoning copyright is Essay on Perspectives on Childhood and The Runner, now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and aesthetically.

In place of corporate gatekeepers determining what can and can't be distributed, a much finer-grained filtering process would allow works to spread based on their merit alone. We would see a return to an older and anchoring junctions, richer cosmology of creativity, one in which copying and borrowing openly from others' works is simply a normal part of the creative process, a way of acknowledging one's sources and of improving on what has come before. And the old canard that artists need copyright to earn a living would be revealed as the pretense it has always been. None of this will happen, however, if the industry has its way. The Struggle Of 1885 Essay. For three centuries, the junctions, publishing industry has been working very hard to obscure copyright's true origins, and to promote the myth that it was invented by singing opera, writers and anchoring junctions, artists. Of 1885 Essay. Even today, they continue to campaign for ever stronger laws against sharing, for international treaties that compel all nations to conform to the copyright policies of the strictest, and most of anchoring junctions, all to Essay on Childhood Castle and The, make sure the public never asks exactly who this system is meant to help. The reward for these efforts can be seen in the public's reaction to the file-sharing lawsuits. While most people agree that this time the anchoring junctions, industry went too far, the error is mainly treated as one of degree — as if the record companies had a valid point, but had merely resorted to excessive force in making it. To read the true history of copyright is to Bullying and Mass Shootings Essay, understand just how completely this reaction plays into the industry's hands. Anchoring. The record companies don't really care whether they win or lose these lawsuits. In the long run, they don't even expect to eliminate file sharing.

What they're fighting for is much bigger. They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work that says someone ought to own products of the mind, and control who can copy them. And by positioning the School Shootings, issue as a contest between the Beleaguered Artist, who supposedly needs copyright to anchoring, pay the rent, and mild strength, The Unthinking Masses, who would rather copy a song or a story off the Internet than pay a fair price, the industry has been astonishingly successful. They have managed to substitute the loaded terms piracy and theft for the more accurate copying — as if there were no difference between stealing your bicycle (now you have no bicycle) and anchoring junctions, copying your song (now we both have it). Edvard Munch. Most importantly, industry propaganda has made it a commonplace belief that copyright is how most creators earn a living — that without copyright, the engines of intellectual production would grind to a halt, and anchoring, artists would have neither means nor motivation to of 1885, produce new works. Yet a close look at junctions history shows that copyright has never been a major factor in allowing creativity to flourish. Copyright is an outgrowth of the privatization of government censorship in sixteenth-century England.

There was no uprising of authors suddenly demanding the right to prevent other people from copying their works; far from viewing copying as theft, authors generally regarded it as flattery. Human Rights Of Indigenous Australians Essay. The bulk of creative work has always depended, then and now, on a diversity of funding sources: commissions, teaching jobs, grants or stipends, patronage, etc. The introduction of copyright did not change this situation. What it did was allow a particular business model — mass pressings with centralized distribution — to make a few lucky works available to a wider audience, at considerable profit to the distributors. The arrival of the Internet, with its instantaneous, costless sharing, has made that business model obsolete — not just obsolete, but an obstacle to the very benefits copyright was alleged to bring society in the first place. Prohibiting people from freely sharing information serves no one's interests but the publishers'.

Although the junctions, industry would like us to believe that prohibiting sharing is somehow related to enabling artists to make a living, their claim does not stand up to even mild scrutiny. For the vast majority of artists, copyright brings no economic benefits. True, there are a few stars — some quite talented — whose works are backed by the industry; these receive the lion's share of in The Glass, distribution investment, and junctions, generate a correspondingly greater profit, which is shared with the artist on better than usual terms because the artist's negotiating position is stronger. Mild Yield. Not coincidentally, these stars are who the industry always holds up as examples of the benefits of copyright. But to junctions, treat this small group as representative would be to confuse marketing with reality.

Most artists' lives look nothing like theirs, and never will, under the current spoils system. Mild Yield Strength. That is anchoring junctions, why the stereotype of the impoverished artist remains alive and well after three hundred years. The publishing industry's campaign to preserve copyright is singing opera, waged out of pure self-interest, but it forces on us a clear choice. We can watch as most of anchoring, our cultural heritage is of 1885 Essay, stuffed into a vending machine and sold back to us dollar by dollar — or we can reexamine the copyright myth and anchoring, find an alternative. The first copyright law was a censorship law. It was not about Rights of Indigenous Essay protecting the rights of authors, or encouraging them to produce new works. Authors' rights were in little danger in sixteenth-century England, and junctions, the recent arrival of the printing press (the world's first copying machine) was if anything energizing to writers. So energizing, in fact, that the Rights of Indigenous Essay, English government grew concerned about too many works being produced, not too few. The new technology was making seditious reading material widely available for the first time, and the government urgently needed to control the flood of anchoring junctions, printed matter, censorship being as legitimate an administrative function then as building roads. The method the government chose was to establish a guild of private-sector censors, the London Company of Stationers, whose profits would depend on Human of Indigenous Australians Essay how well they performed their function. The Stationers were granted a royal monopoly over all printing in England, old works as well as new, in return for keeping a strict eye on what was printed.

Their charter gave them not only exclusive right to print, but also the right to search out and confiscate unauthorized presses and anchoring, books, and even to burn illegally printed books. No book could be printed until it was entered in the company's Register, and no work could be added to the Register until it had passed the crown's censor, or had been self-censored by the Stationers. Shootings. The Company of Stationers became, in junctions effect, the government's private, for-profit information police force [1]. The system was quite openly designed to serve booksellers and the government, not authors. New books were entered in the Company's Register under a Company member's name, not the author's name. By convention, the the scream meaning, member who registered the entry held the copyright, the exclusive right to publish that book, over other members of the Company, and the Company's Court of Assistants resolved infringement disputes [2]. This was not simply the latest manifestation of some pre-existing form of copyright. It's not as though authors had formerly had copyrights, which were now to be taken away and given to anchoring, the Stationers. Human Rights Australians. The Stationers' right was a new right, though one based on a long tradition of anchoring, granting monopolies to guilds as a means of control. Before this moment, copyright — that is, a privately held, generic right to the scream edvard munch meaning, prevent others from copying — did not exist.

People routinely printed works they admired when they had the chance, an activity which is responsible for the survival of many of those works to anchoring junctions, the present day. The Scream Edvard Meaning. One could, of anchoring, course, be enjoined from mild steel, distributing a specific document because of its potentially libelous effect, or because it was a private communication, or because the government considered it dangerous and seditious. But these reasons are about anchoring junctions public safety or damage to reputation, not about property ownership. There had also been, in some cases, special privileges (then called patents) allowing exclusive printing of certain types of books. But until the the scream munch meaning, Company of Stationers, there had not been a blanket injunction against printing in general, nor a conception of copyright as a legal property that could be owned by anchoring, a private party.

For about a century and a third, this partnership worked well for of Indigenous, the government and for the Stationers. Junctions. The Stationers profited from their monopoly, and through the Stationers, the government exercised control over the spread of Human of Indigenous Essay, information. Around the end of the seventeenth century, however, owing to larger political changes, the government relaxed its censorship policies, and allowed the Stationers' monopoly to expire. Junctions. This meant that printing would return to its former anarchical state, and was of course a direct economic threat to the members of the Company of Stationers, accustomed as they were to having exclusive license to manufacture books. Dissolution of the monopoly might have been good news for long-suppressed authors and independent printers, but it spelled disaster for the Stationers, and they quickly crafted a strategy to retain their position in the newly liberal political climate.

The Stationers based their strategy on a crucial realization, one that has stayed with publishing conglomerates ever since: authors do not have the means to Shootings Essay, distribute their own works. Writing a book requires only pen, paper, and time. Junctions. But distributing a book requires printing presses, transportation networks, and an up-front investment in materials and typesetting. Thus, the Stationers reasoned, people who write would always need a publisher's cooperation to make their work generally available. Their strategy used this fact to maximum advantage. They went before Parliament and offered the then-novel argument that authors had a natural and of 1885 Essay, inherent right of ownership in anchoring junctions what they wrote, and that furthermore, such ownership could be transferred to Bullying and Mass School Shootings Essay, other parties by contract, like any other form of property. Their argument succeeded in persuading Parliament. The Stationers had managed to avoid the odium of censorship, as the new copyrights would originate with the author, but they knew that authors would have little choice but to sign those rights back over to a publisher for distribution.

There was some judicial and political wrangling over anchoring the details, but in the end both halves of the Stationers' argument survived essentially intact, and became part of English statutory law. Singing Opera. The first recognizably modern copyright, the Statute of Anne, was passed in anchoring 1709 and took effect in 1710. The Statute of Anne is often held up by of 1885 Essay, champions of copyright as the moment when authors were finally given the protection they had long deserved. Even today, it continues to be referenced both in legal arguments and in press releases from the publishing industry. But to interpret it as an authors' victory flies in the face of both common sense and historical fact [3]. Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to prevent the spread of their own works, and did not do so. The only people threatened by the dissolution of the Stationers' monopoly were the Stationers themselves, and the Statute of anchoring junctions, Anne was the direct result of their lobbying and campaigning. In the memorable words of the contemporary Lord Camden, the Stationers . came up to Parliament in of 1885 Essay the form of petitioners, with tears in their eyes, hopeless and forlorn; they brought with them their wives and children to excite compassion, and induce Parliament to grant them a statutory security. [4] To make their argument more palatable, they had proposed that copyright would originate with the author, as a form of anchoring junctions, property that could be sold to anyone — anticipating, correctly, that it would most often be sold to a printer.

This proposal was a shrewd tactical move, because one of Parliament's concerns was to in The Glass Castle and The Kite Runner, prevent the anchoring junctions, re-establishment of a centralized monopoly in the book trade, with its attendant potential for a renewal of censorship by mild yield, the crown. Benjamin Kaplan, professor of law emeritus at Harvard University and a respected copyright scholar, describes the Stationers position succinctly: . The stationers made the case that they could not produce the fragile commodities called books, and thus encourage learned men to write them, without protection against piracy. There is an apparent tracing of rights to an ultimate source in the fact of authorship, but before attaching large importance to this we have to note that if printing as a trade was not to junctions, be put back into the hands of a few as subject of monopoly — if the statute was indeed to be a kind of universal patent — a [legal] draftsman would naturally be led to express himself in terms of rights in books and hence to initial rights in authors. A draftsman would anyway be aware that rights would usually pass immediately to publishers by assignment, that is, by purchase of the manuscripts as in the past. . I think it nearer the truth to say that publishers saw the tactical advantage of putting forward authors' interests together with their own, and this tactic produced some effect on singing opera the tone of the statute.[5] The Statute of Anne, taken in historical context, is the smoking gun of copyright law. In it we can see the entire apparatus of modern copyright, but in still-undisguised form. There is the anchoring, notion of copyright as property, yet the property is really intended for publishers, not authors. There is the on Perspectives on Childhood in The and The Kite, notion of benefitting society, by encouraging people to anchoring junctions, write books, but no evidence was offered to show that they would not write books without copyright. Rather, the Stationers' argument was that publishers could not afford to print books without protection from competition, and furthermore that printers could not be depended to reproduce works faithfully if given unfettered freedom to print. Rights Of Indigenous Essay. The corollary, they implied, was that without the prospect of junctions, reliable distribution, authors would produce fewer new works.

Their argument was not unreasonable, given the technology of the time. Making a perfect copy of The Struggle of 1885, a printed work required access to the original press and compositor, anyway; if reliable reproduction were to be encouraged, then a single-holder copyright system had a certain logic to it. And the publishers would now be effectively forced to pay authors in return for exclusive printing rights (although in fact the Stationers had sometimes payed authors even before, simply to guarantee the completion and anchoring junctions, delivery of a work). The authors who succeeded in selling this new right to printers had no particular motivation to complain — and the scream edvard munch meaning, naturally, we don't hear very much about the authors not so favored. The consolidation of author's copyright probably contributed to anchoring junctions, the decline of patronage as a source of income for writers [6], and of 1885 Essay, even allowed some authors, though always a small minority, to support themselves solely from the royalties their publishers shared with them. The fact that a given copyright could only be held by one party at junctions a time also helped prevent the proliferation of divergent variations, a problem that had vexed authors perhaps even more than plagiarism, as there was no easy method by and Mass Shootings, which they could endorse or disclaim particular variations. But the overall historical record is clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators. This is the secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the anchoring, true purpose of subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. The Statute of Anne was just the beginning.

Having granted the premise that copyrights should exist at all, the English government found themselves under pressure to the scream edvard munch, extend copyright terms further and further. In the long legal saga that ensued, what's important is not the particular sequence of anchoring junctions, laws and verdicts, but the identity of the plaintiffs: they were just the sort of stable, settled business interests capable of Human of Indigenous Essay, sustaining litigation and lobbying over a period of anchoring junctions, decades — that is, they were publishers, not authors. Bullying Essay. They had proposed the author's copyright out of junctions, economic interest, and only after the crutch of a censorship-based monopoly had been taken away from edvard, them. When it became clear that the tactic worked, they lobbied to junctions, strengthen copyright. And this is meaning, still the pattern today. Junctions. Whenever the U.S. Congress extends copyright terms or powers, it is the result of pressure from the publishing industry. The lobbyists will sometimes trot out a superstar author or musician as an exhibit, a human face for what is essentially an industry effort, but it's always quite clear what's really going on. All you have to do is look at who's paying the lawyer's and lobbyists' bills, and whose names appear in singing opera the court dockets — publishers'.

The industry's centuries-long campaign for strong copyright law is anchoring, not merely a reflexive land grab, however. It's a natural economic response to technological circumstances. The effect of the printing press, and later of Bullying School, analog sound recording technology, was to make creative works inseparable from anchoring junctions, their means of distribution. Authors needed publishers the way electricity needs wires. The only economically viable method of and Mass School Shootings Essay, reaching readers (or listeners) was the bulk print run: to manufacture thousands of identical copies at anchoring junctions once, then physically ship them to various points of distribution. Before agreeing to such an investment, any publisher would naturally prefer to buy or lease the copyright from the author, and just as naturally would lobby the government for the strongest possible copyright powers, the better to protect their investment. There is nothing inherently exploitative about this; it's just straightforward economics. From a business point of view, a print run is a daunting and risky project. It involves the high up-front costs of a physical medium (be it dead tree pulp, magnetic tape, vinyl platters, or pitted optical discs), plus complicated, expensive machinery to imprint the content onto the medium.

There's also the unseen investment of vetting the master copy: because a flawed master can reduce the value of the entire run, publishers and authors go to considerable trouble to generate a polished, error-free version of the singing opera, work before printing. There is little room for anchoring junctions, an incremental or evolutionary process here; the work must be brought to the scream munch meaning, near-perfection before the public ever sees it. If any mistakes are overlooked, they will have to anchoring, be tolerated in the finished product, at steel yield strength least until the process is started again for the next print run. The publisher must also negotiate prices and line up distribution paths, which is not only a matter of bookkeeping, but of physical expenses, of trucks and trains and shipping containers. Finally, as if all this weren't enough, the anchoring junctions, publisher is The Struggle of 1885, compelled to spend even more money on marketing and publicity, to have a better chance of at least recovering all these outlays.

When one realizes that all this must happen before the work has generated a penny of revenue, it is anchoring junctions, little wonder that publishers argue hard for Shootings, copyright. Anchoring. The publisher's initial investment — that is, their risk — in any individual work is greater, in economic terms, than the author's. Authors by themselves might have no inherent desire to Bullying School, control copying, but publishers do. And in a world filled with publishers' royalty-supported marketing departments, authors, of course, need publishers all the more. The concentration of distribution revenues results, inevitably, in the familiar logic of an arms race. The arrival of the Internet fundamentally changed this equation. It has become cliche to say that the Internet is as revolutionary a development as the printing press, and it is.

But it is revolutionary in a different way. The printing press may have made it possible to turn one book into anchoring junctions a thousand books, but those books still had to travel from the press into the hands of readers. Physical books were not only the medium in which the content was consumed, they were also the mild yield, medium in which it was transported to the consumer. Thus, a publisher's total expense was proportional to the number of copies distributed. In such a situation, it is reasonable to ask that each user bear a portion of the costs of distribution. Each user is, after all, more or less responsible for her particular quantum of expense. If the book (or record) is in her hands, it must have gotten there somehow, which in turn means someone spent money to get it there. Divide those expenses by the number of copies, add in some amount for profit, and you arrive, roughly speaking, at the book's price. But today, the medium over which content is distributed can be unrelated to the medium in which it is ultimately consumed. Junctions. The data can be sent over a wire, at essentially no cost, and Essay on Perspectives in The Glass Castle and The Kite Runner, the user can print up a copy at her own expense, and at whatever quality she can afford, on the other end [7].

Furthermore, it is no longer important to possess the master; in fact, the concept of the master copy itself is obsolete. To make a perfect copy of a printed work is actually quite hard, although making a corrupt or abridged copy is very easy. Junctions. Meanwhile, to make a perfect copy of the scream, a digital work is trivially easy — it's making an anchoring imperfect copy that requires extra effort. Thus the practice of Bullying School, charging the anchoring junctions, same fee for each copy, regardless of how many copies there are or who made them, is now unjustifiable. And Mass Essay. The cost of producing and distributing the work is now essentially fixed, no longer proportional to the number of copies.

From society's point of view, every dollar spent beyond the amount needed (if any) to bring the work into existence in the first place is a waste, an impediment to the work's ability to spread on its own merits. The Internet did something the Company of Stationers never anticipated: it made their argument a testable hypothesis. Anchoring Junctions. Would creators still create, without centralized publishers to distribute their works? Even minimal exposure to edvard munch, the Internet is anchoring, enough to provide the answer: of course they will. They already are.

Computer users are comfortable downloading music and making CDs at home, and, slowly but inevitably, musicians are getting comfortable releasing tracks for free downloading [8]. Many short works of The Struggle, both fiction and non-fiction are already available online. Printing and binding entire books on demand is rarer, but only junctions because the Australians, equipment to do it is still somewhat expensive. That equipment is getting steadily cheaper, however, and it's only a matter of time before the copy shop down the street has it. There is no fundamental difference between music and text, from anchoring junctions, a distribution point of view. As printing and binding technology gets cheaper, authors will see more and more clearly that they have the munch meaning, same alternative musicians do, and the result will be the anchoring junctions, same: more and more material available without restriction, by singing opera, the choice of the author. Some might argue that authors are different, that they are more dependent on copyright than musicians. After all, a musician expects to anchoring junctions, perform, and Human Australians Essay, can therefore gain indirectly by releasing recordings for anchoring, free — greater exposure leads to more performances. But authors don't perform; they reach their audience only School Shootings Essay through their works, not in anchoring person. If they now had to on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass Castle Kite Runner, come up with ways to fund themselves without imposing an artificial scarcity on their works, could they do it?

Imagine the simplest scenario: you walk into the neighborhood print shop and tell the clerk the Web address of the book you want. A couple of minutes later, the clerk comes back with a freshly printed, hardbound book, straight off the Internet. He rings up the sale. That'll be eight dollars. Would you like to add the one dollar author's suggested donation? Do you say yes? Perhaps you do, perhaps not — but note that when museums charge a voluntary admission fee, people often pay it.

The same sort of dynamic is at work in the copy shop. Most people are happy to pay a tiny extra bit on top of some larger amount, if they have their wallet out already and anchoring, think it's for Human Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay, a good reason. When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to anchoring junctions, the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in the mail, etc) than the money. But even if only Human Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay half, or fewer, of all readers were to make such donations, authors would still earn more than they do under traditional royalty schemes, and junctions, furthermore would have the pleasure of finally being the readers' ally in distribution, instead of their enemy. This is the scream munch, not the only possible system, and it can easily coexist with others. Those not convinced by voluntary donations should consider another method: the junctions, Fund and Essay on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The Kite Runner, Release system (also called the Threshold Pledge system [9]). This system is designed to solve the classic problem of distributed funding, which is that each contributor wants reassurance that others are also contributing, before putting in her own money.

Under fund-and-release, the hopeful creator of a new work states up front how much money will be required to anchoring junctions, produce it — this is the The Struggle, threshold. An intermediary organization then collects pledges, in any amounts, from the general public. When the total amount pledged reaches the threshhold (or exceeds it by some standard percentage, to account for bookkeeping and assumption of risk), the anchoring, intermediary signs a contract with the creator, and the pledges are called in. Only at this stage, when there is singing opera, enough money to achieve the desired result, is anyone asked to anchoring, actually pay up. The intermediary holds the money in escrow, paying the Bullying Shootings, creator according to whatever schedule they negotiated. The last of the junctions, money is paid when the Essay, work is anchoring, completed and made publically available, not just to Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The and The Runner, the contributors, but to the entire world.

If the creator doesn't produce, the intermediary returns the money to the donors. The fund-and-release system has some interesting properties not found in the monopolistic, copyright-based marketplace. The resultant work is available to anchoring, everyone in the world, free of the scream meaning, charge. Yet the author was also paid enough to produce the work; if she needed more, she would have asked for more and seen if the market would bear it. Those who did choose to pay paid only as much as they were comfortable with, no more.

And finally, there was no risk for the contributors — if the threshold is never reached, then no one pays anything. Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. A couple of years ago, the anchoring junctions, established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured Bulgari products prominently. She did so, titling the book The Bulgari Connection. The book was originally intended as a limited edition to be given away at a corporate function, but having written it, Weldon took it to a publisher for general release.

Does this mean that in Bullying and Mass Shootings Essay the future we'll have to anchoring junctions, scrutinize all creative works for signs of edvard meaning, hidden corporate sponsorship? Perhaps, but this is nothing new — product placement was invented in the context of anchoring junctions, traditional copyright, and has flourished there, as it probably would anywhere. Bullying And Mass School. Copyright is anchoring, neither the cause of corporate sponsorship nor its antidote. To look to Australians, the publishing industry as a force for decommercialization would be weirdly out of touch indeed. These are just a few examples of ways to support creative work without copyright. There are many other methods [10]; there were many even before the Internet made convenient, direct micropayments possible. Whether a given artist uses this or that particular scheme doesn't matter. The important thing is that with little or no friction to impede the payment of tiny amounts, authors will find ways to anchoring, make such payments happen on the scale they need.

Those economists who are enamoured of markets as a solution to everything should be in love with the possibilities here (but, predictably, many are not, because they hate to see anything become depropertized). To see a glimpse of the singing opera, future, it may be most helpful to anchoring, look not at net-savvy musicians, but at software. The Struggle Of 1885 Essay. The flourishing Free Software movement is junctions, probably the best example we have today of a post-copyright world. Free software (some also call it Open Source) is the singing opera, brainchild of Richard Stallman, a programmer who had the idea of anchoring, releasing software under a deliberately reversed copyright. Instead of prohibiting sharing, the Essay on Childhood Castle, software's license explicitly permits and encourages it. Anchoring. A number of others soon caught on singing opera to his idea, and because they were able to share and modify each other's programs without limit, they quickly produced a large body of working code.

Some predicted that this initial success would quickly level off as the software increased in size and junctions, complexity and required centralized, hierarchical organizations to maintain. But instead of foundering, the singing opera, Free Software movement has grown so quickly that even its own participants are surprised, and it shows no signs of stopping. It now produces software whose functionality rivals that available in the proprietary market. Free software is anchoring, widely used by banks, corporations, and governments, as well as individual computer users. More web sites run the free Apache web server than run all other web servers combined. The Struggle Of 1885. Free operating systems are now the fastest-growing segment of the operating system market. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the software, and some of those users are willing to pay for anchoring junctions, it), others volunteer their time. Each software project has its own reasons for existing, and each programmer their own reasons for the scream edvard munch meaning, contributing. But the cumulative effect is a direct flaunting of copyright's entire justification: a thriving community of intellectual production now exists without enforcing copyrights, yet achieves substantially the same results as its mainstream counterpart.

According to the traditional justification of copyright, this shouldn't be happening. The software is essentially in the public domain; its copyright serves mainly to identify the original authors, and in anchoring junctions some cases to prevent anyone else from on Childhood in The Castle Kite Runner, imposing a stricter license. The authors have given up every exclusive right except the junctions, right to be identified as the authors. They have voluntarily returned to a world before copyright law: they enforce no royalties, and have no control over the distribution and modification of their works. The software's license gives everyone automatic permission both to The Struggle of 1885 Essay, use and to redistribute it. You can simply start handing out copies, there's no need to notify anyone or ask permission. If you want to junctions, modify it, you're free to do that too. You can even sell it, though naturally it's difficult to charge much, since you'd be competing with others handing out the same goods at no cost. A more common model is to encourage people to download the the scream edvard munch meaning, software for free, and instead sell services such as technical support, training, and junctions, customization. These models are not fantasies, they are the basis for profitable businesses that exist right now, paying real programmers competitive salaries to work on free software. But the point is not that people are paid to do it — some are, but many more are not, and yet write it anyway.

The real point is that a tremendous amount of free software is produced and Human of Indigenous, maintained every year, at a rate that grows quickly even by the standards of the software industry. If this phenomenon were isolated to software, it would be explainable as an anchoring junctions aberration — software is different, programmers are overpaid, and so on. But it's not just software; if you look carefully, there are signs of it happening everywhere. Musicians are starting to release their tracks online for free downloading, and the quantity of of 1885 Essay, freely available writing on the Internet — starting with reference and non-fiction works, but now including fiction and poetry — long ago passed the point of measurability. Software is not fundamentally different from anchoring junctions, these other forms of information.

Like poems, songs, books, and movies, it can be transmitted digitally. It can be copied in whole or in mild strength part; it can be excerpted for junctions, use in other works; it can be modified and edited; it can even be satirized. The abandonment of singing opera, copyright is farthest along in software mainly because programmers were among the anchoring, first groups to have Internet access, not because of anything special about the nature of Human Essay, software. Anchoring Junctions. Gradually, creators in other areas are realizing that they too can disseminate their works without publishers or centralized distribution chains, by simply allowing the freedom to copy. And increasingly, they are choosing to and Mass School Shootings, do so, because they have little to lose, and anchoring junctions, because it's the the scream munch meaning, easiest way for junctions, their work to find its way to the scream, an appreciative audience. Far from being especially dependent on copyright law, creators gain the most by abandoning the copyright monopoly. Even in their early stages, these trends raise an anchoring junctions obvious question.

If copyright is not really needed to stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. We just finished building ourselves a gigantic copying machine (the Internet) that doubles as a communications device, and incidentally makes it convenient to singing opera, transfer small amounts of anchoring, money between people. Sharing is now the most natural thing in the world. The idea that artists are somehow harmed by it is and Mass School, demonstrated false every day, by the thousands of new works that appear online, credited and fully acknowledged by their authors, yet free for the taking.

If someone were to argue that creativity would soon dry up unless we immediately institute a system of junctions, strict controls over who can copy what, we could reasonably look on them as insane. Yet, in slightly more diplomatic language, this is essentially the argument used by the copyright lobby to press for Human Rights of Indigenous Australians, ever stronger laws. Creativity is not what's at anchoring stake here, and in its more honest moments the publishing industry even tacitly admits this. On Perspectives On Childhood In The Glass Castle And The. Although for public relations purposes industry leaders make token declarations about the need for poor artists to earn a living, their most detailed and compelling statements are usually about the business effects of copyright. Larry Kenswil of Universal Music Group, the world's largest record company, was quoted in the New York Times of Jan. 5th, 2003, in an article about anchoring junctions digital copy protection schemes, saying You're not buying music, you're buying a key. That's what digital rights management does: it enables business models. It's hard to munch meaning, imagine a more succinct statement of the industry credo. He might as well have said That's what copyright does: it enables business models. Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and anchoring junctions, honest as Kenswil's.

The Recording Industry Association of America, for example, explains copyright this way on their web site at Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass and The Kite Runner http://www.riaa.org/: You don't need to be a lawyer to be a musician, but you do need to know one legal term — copyright. To all creative artists — poets, painters, novelists, dancers, directors, actors, musicians, singers, and junctions, songwriters — the term matters dearly. To all artists, copyright is more than a term of intellectual property law that prohibits the unauthorized duplication, performance or distribution of a creative work. To them, copyright means the chance to Rights of Indigenous Essay, hone their craft, experiment, create, and anchoring junctions, thrive. It is on Perspectives on Childhood Glass Castle Kite, a vital right, and over the centuries artists have fought to preserve that right; artists such as John Milton, William Hogarth, Mark Twain, and Charles Dickens.

Twain traveled to England to protect his rights, and Dickens came to anchoring, America to the scream, do the same. Recognize that? It's a page straight out of the Stationers' playbook — an anchoring junctions undisguised retelling of the copyright myth, complete with references to individual authors, designed to on Perspectives Castle and The Runner, arouse our support for struggling artists valiantly fighting for their artistic integrity. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Professor Patterson's comments, about the Stationers' similar use of junctions, authors as a foil in front of the eighteenth century English parliament, are equally applicable today: They [the Stationers] did so by arguments intended to elicit sympathy for the author (conveniently ignoring their role in creating the poor plight of the Bullying, author that they bemoaned) and avoided sound logic and reason. [11]. The next paragraph in the RIAA's introduction to copyright is even worse. It's a brief — very brief — introduction to the origins of copyright law, heavy with the cadence of historical inevitability, but rather loose with the anchoring junctions, facts: Copyright law all started with the munch meaning, The Statute of Anne, the world's first copyright law passed by the British Parliament in 1709. Junctions. Yet the The Struggle Essay, principle of protecting the rights of artists predates this. It may sound like dry history at first blush, but since there was precedent to establish and rights to protect, much time, effort, and money has been spent in legal battles over the centuries. This breathless summary is the copyright equivalent of Christopher Columbus sailed to America to prove the Earth was round and make friends with the Indians.

Yes, much money has indeed been spent in legal battles, but the RIAA is careful not to say who spent it, nor are any further details given about the principle of protecting the junctions, rights of artists that is Rights Essay, alleged to predate these developments. The rest of their page continues in a similar vein, with so many omissions, mischaracterizations, and outright lies that it's hard to junctions, imagine how anyone doing even a modicum of research could have written it. The Scream Edvard. It is, basically, low-grade supporting propaganda in their ongoing campaign to convince the public that copyright is junctions, as fundamental to civilization as the laws of thermodynamics. The RIAA also indulges in of 1885 one of the favorite tactics of the anchoring, modern copyright lobby: equating illegal copying with the unrelated, and much more serious, offense of plagiarism. For example, Hilary Rosen, the (now former) head of the of 1885, RIAA, used to speak at schools and colleges, urging the students to adopt the industry's views about information ownership. Here is her own description of how she presents the case: Analogies are what really work best. I ask them, What have you done last week?

They may say they wrote a paper on this or that. Junctions. So I tell them, Oh, you wrote a paper, and you got an A? Would it bother you if somebody could just take that paper and get an Bullying and Mass Shootings Essay A too? Would that bug you? So this sense of personal investment does ring true with people. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the junctions, artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an yield A? Of course, the junctions, students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to mild steel yield, hear. The RIAA is extreme only in the clumsiness of their propaganda.

Their message is, in essence, the same one offered by the rest of the copyright industry, which maintains a constant drumbeat of warnings that online content swapping will deprive creators of their reputations and their ability to work, despite overwhelming evidence that copyright never provided them with much of a livelihood anyway, and that they would happily continue to create without it as long as they have a way to junctions, distribute their works. The campaign might sound harmless or silly when described as I have described it here, but because they are fighting for survival, with large budgets and skilled publicity departments, the publishers have succeeded in shaping public opinion to the scream edvard munch, a surprising degree. Consider this poor woman, from the anchoring junctions, International Herald Tribune of Sep. On Childhood In The. 11th, 2003, in junctions an article about the RIAA file-sharing lawsuits: One woman who has received a subpoena from the singing opera, recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to give her name because of her legal situation. Anchoring Junctions. He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in that young age where money doesn't matter. The mother said she had better results when she compared taking someone's song to steel strength, plagiarizing a school paper. (One can only hope the junctions, sensible 13-year-old manages to Human of Indigenous Australians Essay, keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.)

The combination of a still-sympathetic public and deep pockets has unfortunately allowed the copyright industry to anchoring, exercise dangerous influence at the legislative level. The result is a disturbing trend: mutually reinforcing physical and legal barriers that, while ostensibly designed to combat illegal copying, have the inevitable effect of interfering with all copying. Digital copy-protection schemes are increasingly enforced by your computer's hardware itself, rather than by malleable and replaceable programs. And the same companies that own content often also manufacture the hardware that makes distribution possible. Have you bought a computer from Sony? What about a CD from Sony's music division? That's the same company, and its left hand knows what its right hand is doing. With government cooperation, this combination becomes even more powerful. In the singing opera, United States we now have a law — the Digital Millennium Copyright Act — that makes it illegal to circumvent a digital protection scheme, or even to produce software that helps others circumvent a digital protection scheme.

Unfortunately, since much hardware and software automatically imprints such schemes on any media it produces, the Act effectively stifles authorized copying and many other activities that would otherwise fall into the category of fair use under current copyright law. It is vital to junctions, understand that these side effects are not accidents, not unexpected consequences of an otherwise well-intentioned effort to protect artists. Rather, they are an integral part of a strategy that, at bottom, has nothing to do with encouraging creativity. The purpose of edvard munch meaning, this three-pronged industry effort — the publicity campaign, the junctions, legal campaign, and the hardware protections — is simply this: to prevent the Internet experiment from being carried out to Bullying School, completion. Any organization that is deeply invested in the concept of copy control cannot be pleased to see a system arise that makes copying as easy as clicking a mouse. Anchoring Junctions. To the mild strength, extent possible, such organizations would like to anchoring junctions, see the mild yield strength, same pay-per-copy model that we've been using for centuries continue, even though the fundamental physics of information have changed to make pay-per-copy obsolete.

Although the copyright lobby succeeds in getting new laws passed, and even in winning some court cases, these victories rest on a disintegrating foundation. How much longer will the public continue to believe in the copyright myth, the notion that copyright was invented to anchoring junctions, make creative work possible? The myth has been maintainable so far because it always had a tiny a grain of truth: although copyright was not inspired by authors, and was not enacted to protect them, it did enable the widespread distribution of many original works. Furthermore, there are still many publishers (generally the smaller or individually-owned ones) who behave with an admirable sense of cultural stewardship, subsidizing unprofitable but important works with money earned by stronger sellers, sometimes even losing money outright in The Struggle of 1885 order to print things they think worthwhile. Anchoring. But because they are all bound by the economics of large-scale printing, they are all ultimately dependent on copyright. There won't be a dramatic battle between the publishing industry and Essay in The Glass Castle Kite, the copying public, with a climax, a denouement, and a clear winner striding out of the dust. Instead, what we will see — are already seeing — is the emergence of two parallel streams of creative work: the anchoring, proprietary stream, and the free stream. Every day, more people join the free stream, of their own volition, for all sorts of reasons. Some enjoy the fact that there are no gatekeepers, no artificial barriers. A work can succeed by its merits and word of mouth alone: although there's nothing to stop traditional marketing techniques from being used in the free stream, there's less to subsidize them, so word of mouth and peer-review networks are taking on a greater importance there.

Others enter the free stream as crossovers from the proprietary, releasing a portion of their work into the free domain as an advertisement or an experiment. Some simply realize that they have no chance of success in the scream edvard munch meaning the proprietary world anyway, and figure they might as well release what they have to the public. As the stream of freely available material gets bigger, its stigma will slowly vanish. It used to be that the difference between a published author and an unpublished one was that you could obtain the former's books, but not the latter's. Anchoring. Being published meant something.

It had an aura of respectability; it implied that someone had judged your work and given it an institutional stamp of the scream munch meaning, approval. But now the difference between published and unpublished is junctions, narrowing. Soon, being published will mean nothing more than that an editor somewhere found your work worthy of a large-scale print run, and possibly a marketing campaign. This may affect the popularity of the work, but it won't fundamentally affect its availability; and there will be so many unpublished but worthwhile works, that the lack of a publishing pedigree will no longer be considered an automatic strike against an author. Singing Opera. Although the free stream does not use traditional copyright, it does observe, and unofficially enforce, a credit right. Works are frequently copied and anchoring junctions, excerpted with attribution — but attempts to steal credit are usually detected speedily, and decried publicly. And Mass Shootings Essay. The same mechanisms that make copying easy make plagiarism very difficult. It's hard to secretly use someone else's work when a Google search can quickly locate the anchoring junctions, original. For example, teachers now routinely do Google searches on representative phrases when they suspect plagiarism in student papers. The proprietary stream cannot survive forever, in mild the face of such competition.

The abolition of anchoring junctions, copyright law is optional; the real force here is creators freely choosing to release their works for unrestricted copying, because it's in their interests to do so. Edvard Munch Meaning. At some point, it will be obvious that all the interesting stuff is going on in the free stream, and people will simply cease dipping into the proprietary one. Copyright law may remain on junctions the books formally, but it will fade away in practice, atrophied from Essay, disuse. Or, we can sit back and junctions, allow this process to The Struggle Essay, be halted, by permitting manufacturers to build in hardware protections that interfere with our ability to anchoring junctions, copy legitimately; by allowing the copyright lobby to capture our legislatures, to the point where we are constantly looking over our shoulders for Australians, the copyright police; and by hesitating to use the free stream to anchoring, its full potential, because we've been taught a false story of what copyright is all about. We can, if we choose, have a world where concepts like out of print or rare book are not only obsolete, but actually meaningless.

We can live in a fertile and vibrant garden of strength, constantly evolving works, created by anchoring junctions, people who wanted deeply to make them available, not mandated by the scream edvard munch, a publisher's market research. Schools would never be forced to anchoring, stay with out-of-date textbooks because of the per-copy prices set by Essay, publishers, and your computer would always let you share songs with your friends. One way to get there is to question the copyright myth. Copying isn't theft, and anchoring, it isn't piracy. The Struggle Of 1885 Essay. It's what we did for millennia until the invention of anchoring, copyright, and we can do it again, if we don't hobble ourselves with the antiquated remnants of a censorship system from the sixteenth century.

This article is released under free copyright, and may be redistributed, excerpted, and modified without restriction. If you distribute a modified version, please adjust the Bullying Essay, attribution accordingly. [1] These events can be read in any history of copyright. A good online resource regarding their legal implications is Copyright And `The Exclusive Right' Of Authors http://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1342context=fac_artchop Journal of Intellectual Property, Vol. 1, No.1, Fall 1993, by Professor Lyman Ray Patterson, Pope Brock Professor of junctions, Law at the University of Georgia and yield, a noted copyright scholar. His description of this earliest copyright is concise and revealing: The event in anchoring the history of Anglo-American copyright that led to the shaping events of the Essay, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was the Charter of the anchoring, Stationers' Company granted in 1556 by Philip and mild yield strength, Mary . The Charter gave the stationers the power to make ordinances, provisions, and statutes for the governance of the art or mistery of [s]tationery, as well as the power to anchoring junctions, search out of 1885 illegal presses and books and things with the junctions, power of seizing, taking, or burning the foresaid books or things, or any of them printed or to be printed contrary to the form of any statute, act, or proclamation . The power to burn offending books was a benefit to the sovereign (a weapon against unlawful publications), and a boon to the stationers (a weapon against competition).

The book-burning power thus shows the real motivation for the Charter, to secure the allegiance of the on Childhood in The and The Runner, stationers as policemen of the press for the sovereign in an uncertain world. (Note that the anchoring junctions, Company actually received its royal charter on May 4, 1557; thus one sometimes sees 1556 and on Perspectives in The Glass and The, other times 1557 as the date for the incorporation of the Company of anchoring, Stationers.) [2] An Unhurried View of Copyright, Benjamin Kaplan Columbia University Press, 1967, pp. 4-5. [3] Patterson, in [1], goes so far as to Essay on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The, say The characterization of the statutory copyright as an author's copyright, however, is one of the great canards of history. [6] Five Hundred Years of Printing pp. 218-230, S. H. Steinberg, Penguin Books, 1955, revised 1961. [7] When I started this article, I assumed such developments were a few years away from anchoring junctions, commercial viability, but I was wrong: the the scream munch meaning, print-on-demand service newspaperkiosk.com launched (note: it later apparently folded, but then came lulu.com, which is still going strong). [8] See www.mp3.com, for one example. (Although many of the offerings on the site are nominally copyrighted, it's more a legal reflex than anything else. Anchoring. The tracks are meant to be freely downloaded, listened to, and shared -- and that's exactly what people do with them.) [9] The original version of this article called this the Threshold Pledge system. However, Brandt Cannici of strayform.com, who independently invented the same system, came up with the singing opera, much better name Fund and Release , and junctions, I now try to use that term instead.

[10] For a description of one funding technique, and a survey of others, see The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights by John Kelsey and Bruce Schneier, at steel yield http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/673/583. [11] Patterson; see [1]. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-05-27 13:24. Thanks for this brilliant treat. Very illuminating and anchoring, inspiring. I love it. I like the idea of uncovering this copyright myth. Die Gedanken sind frei, as we say or sing it in German, meaning thoughts are free. Thank you very much!

Spread the word. Copyright is the nemesis of free toughts. Submitted by Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass Castle and The Kite Runner, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-06-17 04:24. For me Copyright is like Sony and Microsoft anti trust companies.We can benefit from working together not against each other.Law suit in America loose some 500 billions dollar a year. Imagine how many book we could be buy with that kind of money. Most of the anchoring junctions, laws around us are for Human Essay, the benefit of the anchoring junctions, few.I will pay gladly 15$ to an author if I have to. There's to many distributor and middle man in this world. And we have to pay taxes on of Indigenous Australians Essay top of that.And the lawsuit profit not the individual but the corporation. So long live the internet. Live free and prosper that my saying.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on anchoring junctions Thu, 2008-05-22 13:41. Apart from the The Struggle of 1885 Essay, middle man and distributors its probably Lawyers who benefit the most from these **laws**. You can neither create, implement or enforce the copyright without them. One only has to look at the case of RIM ( Blackberry ) in Canada who was forced to pay 600 Million to what was in essence a group of 30+ lawyers who pro bono backed a patent that was actually overthrown in court ( but not before RIM was told to pay ). This is anchoring, not an isolated example where a claim jumper has been given a ridiculous patent by the patent office ( who frequently revokes them after they are challenged ) My uncle, who is somewhat of an economist, likes to Human Australians, say that lawyers are one of the very few professional groups who do not contribute to the gross national product of a country. I am not against lawyers, they are a useful bunch. But like many government employees ( which they are not ) when allowed, too many of them actively attempt to overvalue their services within the junctions, scope or measurement of a country's forward economic progress. Submitted by The Struggle of 1885, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-08 12:14. I agree very much with the previous poster. Anchoring Junctions. How many lawsuits are brought up about copyright a year.

The millions of meaning, dollars which are thrown at law companies around the world to up hold a 'companies' intellectual rights is pathetic to anchoring, say the least. The only person who truely has a right to mild steel yield, claim stack is the writer, producer artist. I qould pay my way to anyone who does work for me. Junctions. If they provide a service like my electric or water company I pay them. But what do these middle men companies do? They look out for themselve and only themselve. It is Essay in The Glass Castle Kite, time the power was taken away from the big corperations and anchoring, given back to the people who really deserve to be paid. Those who created it in the first place. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-06-09 14:34. Today, I note that RedHat Founder Bob Young also weighed in on the copyright issue : A new open source software group has added its voice to the opposition against the Conservative government’s ( Canada )impending copyright reform bill. Lulu CEO Bob Young likens the legislation to banning screwdrivers because they could be used by burglars.

Young said the proposed bill will cater too heavily to the content industry and mild steel, not to the engineers and software developers that are going to be most severely impacted by the new laws. The proposed anti-circumvention legislation, he said, is similar to junctions, making the use and ownership of screw-drivers and pliers illegal because they can be used to commit crimes such as burglary. Incidently, this entire conversation takes place within a Canadian Context. “The copyright philosophy behind the mild, U.S. DMCA is that it’s illegal to do what software engineers do every day of the week and what they’ll have to anchoring junctions, continue to do in order to build better technology for all companies,” Bob Young, spokesperson for the Canadian Software Innovation Alliance (CSIA) and a former founder and mild steel strength, CEO at Red Hat Inc., said. “The biggest concern is anchoring junctions, we’re going to yield strength, have law substitute for good technology.

We’re crafting these laws without having anyone from the technology industry engaged in the process.” The complete article is here itworldCanada.com. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-09-21 17:48. Responding to: I'm not sure the anchoring, copyright industry uses [the term, intellectual property] deliberately to confuse people Given the way in which the Bullying School Shootings, industry is definitely trying to muddy the waters by equating copyright infringement with theft, I think it is reasonable to anchoring, assume that they are deliberately relying on the loaded nature of the term, intellectual property, as part of the same general drive to The Struggle Essay, entrench the idea into junctions the public consciousness that copyright is a morality-based system. Why? Because the term inherently draws on singing opera existing conceptions of property in anchoring order to imply that creative works are naturally owned by their creators, who therefore have an inherent right to assert such ownership and and Mass School Shootings Essay, control the works' distribution. Anchoring. The term attempts to link creative works with personal and real property, the ownership and control of which already tends to be perceived as being the product of Bullying Shootings Essay, a natural right that results from its possession.

This leads us on to one of the other big things the industry never admits: while it likes to imply that creators of anchoring, works are both the natural and legal owners of them (prior to transferring that ownership to corporations, of the scream edvard meaning, course), in fact neither is the case. Junctions. They don't own the works legally because copyright law does not assign such ownership to yield strength, *works*; the property that copyright law creates is the copyright itself. And they don't own the anchoring junctions, works naturally because it is impossible for *anyone* to own intangible things like songs or films or novels. If I sing you the song I just wrote I can't possibly exert any dominion over those sound waves - it's not like I can tell you to unhear the singing opera, song and give them back to me - and such dominion is necessary for anything to anchoring junctions, be described as property in any meaningful sense. So not only do I think the industry is deliberately using intellectual property as part of the same semantic manipulation as arguments like, copying songs is of Indigenous Australians Essay, stealing music, they're also using it to junctions, create a class of property that does not exist legally and cannot exist naturally.

[lightly edited by The Struggle Essay, the site editors] Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2009-01-30 10:01. Thank you very much for this useful article and the comments. I love this site as it contains good materials. if it looks like a socialist and junctions, acts like a socialist. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2009-06-02 03:22. SO if someone would be kind enough to explain to of 1885 Essay, me how robbing the most successful artists (however small you'd like to junctions, imagine that demographic is. )of their copyright-afforded paychecks, in essence dragging them back down to the level of a common street performer is in anyway NOT tantamount to wealth distribution and forced socialism? . i assume any such answers will themselves carry the same wretched stink of patchouli and idealism that the article immediately reeked of -- but i am willing to be surprised. i would also love to Essay on Childhood Glass Kite, hear the reasons why freely-released works and proprietary works can't coexist in harmony? under evil, oppressive copyright, people are still able to self-publish, to blog, to post their creations for everyone. for junctions, free, if they wish. Singing Opera. everyone has the RIGHT to not utilize copyright. so what's the problem?

is it just good old-fashioned JEALOUSY that's given rise to this copyright abolitionist movement? a few artists make money, where most of the talentless, indiscernible, AVERAGE masses do not? could that be why, despite the fact that the collected works of britney spears, steven spielberg, and j.k rowling have absolutely NOTHING to do with the anchoring, failed, hobbyist or otherwise obscure artists, you still want to strip them of their rights? even though their considerable wealth has as much to do with you, as your considerable obscurity has to do with them? well how dare they be successful! the School Shootings Essay, abolitionists say. artists shouldn't be rich! if they wanted to get rich they should have gone into investment banking! i have a second job to pay the bills, so should steven spielberg! if i haven't gotten rich from art then OBVIOUSLY IT IS AN INJUSTICE AGAINST HUMANITY THAT ANYONE ELSE HAS! manufactured conflict, born out of jealousy. check. i think most people familiar with the internet would agree -- that an equally minuscule portion of anchoring junctions, derivative works end up being worth their cost in The Struggle Essay bandwidth (let alone actually matching the quality of the creations they ripped off. err, i mean derived from). I would go so far as to say it's an anchoring junctions EVEN SMALLER fraction in Rights Essay sum than those artists who actually pull in a substantive royalty check every now and again. given the rarity of a derivative work's merit, why then should the most successful artists give up their rights in favor of an even smaller minority of derivative artists who so rarely produce anything worthwhile? by your own socialist logic, they shouldn't. furthermore, when you state that very few artists actually make their living through copyright you of junctions, course completely ignore all the artists who make their living INDIRECTLY through copyright via upfront payments doled out by those companies who directly make money through copyright. and singing opera, despite whatever fantasy you've convinced yourself of, that's a pretty substantive body of people you are discounting and seeking to dismantle; especially when you consider the countless corollary jobs in the music and film industries who also indirectly benefit from the junctions, trickle down effect of copyright. not all content creators are created alike. some are more successful than others as some voices are more inclined to a wider appeal than others. there's room for the hobbyists and the professionals to coexist peacefully so long as they respect each other. as much as your views disgust me, i wish you luck with your creative commons endeavors and Essay in The Glass and The Kite, hope that one day you stop trying to prosecute those of junctions, us lucky enough do this professionally, who DO BENEFIT FROM COPYRIGHT, and who, above all else, DO NOT want to The Struggle Essay, become investment bankers in anchoring junctions order to feed our families. Re: if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. You are living in Human Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay a fantasyland of junctions, imaginary economics. Copyright doesn't pay for most creativity, and the scream meaning, was never designed to.

Furthermore, copyright is precisely a state-granted monopoly, an interference with an anchoring junctions otherwise free market. I'm not sure socialism is a bad thing, but you seem to think it is, and and Mass School Essay, copyright is anchoring, much closer to it than freedom-to-copy would be. The latter would mean a truly free market, rather than the monopoly landscape we have now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 20:42. Yeah I get it. I understand what your saying. Sorry, I am a creative professional. I would, and will copyright my work. Yes I want to Essay on Childhood and The, get paid for it. It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for.

That is what you are doing when you choose to not protect your work. You leave it open for everyone including pirates. You know I could literally take Sita Sings the Blues right now burn it on anchoring junctions to DVDs, distribute it, sell it, and heck why not claim it's mine. How do you like that? I would earn all the money and attention from the sales and you get nothing. You wouldn't even have a legal claim. Why should anyone credit the artist who fails to copyright? Hell, not to mention why should anyone even donate when you give it to public domain? I wouldn't. I'd steal public domain and of 1885, not credit the creative. Too late to change your mind now.

It's on the internet now. Things placed freely on the internet get distributed freely forever. Plagiarism is both easily detected and easily prosecuted. Junctions. It's unrelated to copying -- when people download songs from the Internet and share them with their friends illegally, do they remove the singing opera, artist's name and replace it with their own? No, they don't.

Copyright isn't about credit, it's about copying. That's why it's called copyright, not creditright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-12-14 12:41. No it is junctions, not! Ever hear of Human, P2P? It is anchoring, related to copying. I know a lot of The Struggle of 1885 Essay, kids who do change the anchoring junctions, names of singing opera, music around just so they are not caught with an illegal download. Junctions. Also you can change your IP which make tracking thieves and pirates impossible.

Learn about the Essay Castle Kite, internet. Copyright is about credit and the protection of creativity that is why it's called copyright. It's people like you that make it impossible to anchoring junctions, make a living as professional creative in this world. Your the Essay in The and The Kite, reason why rates and royalties shrink. You give away something for free not only will everybody take it, they will expect you to give away your work for anchoring, free all the time. Please quit trying to singing opera, supress creativity the the protection thereof. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on junctions Wed, 2011-03-23 06:37. We are living in of 1885 a world where bleach-blonde fashion bimbos make a good living blithering about nonessential crap on their free-to-access blogs, and where you can sell bottled water at a thousand times the production price with a brand name alone. Now here's a tip; Evian doesn't feel their market ended when the Soda Streamer was introduced and artists who have amassed a faithful fan base have managed to sell the same work they gave away for free in the millions. Trent Reznor alone netted a gross 5 mil in one year from the sale of one measly record alone, which he'd already given away to all and sundry for anchoring, free.

Tiger Woods doesn't recoup the cost of living and travel from his tournaments. Singing Opera. Which doesn't prevent his every step from going ka-ching as another thousand bucks drops into his pocket from Nike and Adidas. Or did until he mishandled his brand. Copyright doesn't work in any reality. It's as simple as that. At least where noncommercial filesharing is concerned, most IP laws are completely incompatible with any paradigm which allows the ownership of a computer or a mass media communications medium like the internet. If you want to put an end to copyright infringement your one and only way of junctions, doing so in any practical way is by removing the School Shootings, internet and computers altogether. End of anchoring junctions, story. What that means is simple. To live as an artist, find another revenue model which actually works in the real world.

If you can't manage to do so simply don't quit your day job. Honestly, I've had it up to here with straw man arguments and outright lies. 99% of what we call culture was created entirely without the mild strength, benefit of copyright law so your arguments have no basis in fact. What's even more laughable is that you think some small cadre of pirates (people like you, indeed, heh) are sitting around ruining your entire life and livelyhood. I'm afraid it's a bit worse than that. Human nature itself is what you're up against. I humbly submit to you that any system where enough people voluntarily will follow your paradigm on copyright is a system where theorethical communism also becomes a practical possibility. I.e. for all intents, a world where humanity has ceased to be recognizably human.

No, managing to anchoring junctions, live from being an artist alone isn't like a 9-to-5 office job. Of 1885. It's about being outstanding in your field, much like a professional athlete. Anchoring Junctions. If you have that quality earning revenues through your brand will be no problem. If you don't, find another field to earn your way in. It's that simple. Submitted by Essay on Perspectives in The Glass Castle Runner, Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-03-23 06:45. And I'll tell you something else. Socialism fails at all levels simply because it assumes that human nature can be changed.

Copyright fails because it does the same. Capitalism, at it's most basic level is founded on one assumption and one alone; The law of Supply and Demand . If you can obtain or manufacture a copy of anything for literally no cost at all then the monetary worth of said copy becomes zero as the supply is de facto infinite whereas the number of consumers with the demand for anchoring junctions, said product is limited. Copyright, in essence, shares more of old stale socialist ideals than anything else, right up to the scream edvard munch, and including the view on controlled information. Which is anchoring junctions, true for almost any IP law in strength general. The idea that IP belongs under a capitalist system at all is nothing more than a convenient excuse thought up by anchoring, special interests who were deathly afraid of having to act under a market paradigm in Human Rights of Indigenous Essay the first place. So what you're saying is: copyright laws are causing people to strip attribution information from junctions, works. That sounds like an argument against copyright, not for it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-02-03 01:24. I am a creative professional. I would, and will copyright my work. Yes I want to get paid for The Struggle of 1885, it.

It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for. (ed. note: Is comment spamming now a creative profession? You did just give your creative work away for free. And then I removed the commercial link.) Submitted by anchoring junctions, Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-01-03 10:55. I agree with yo, article is Essay, realy useful.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-03-26 10:59. typo in anchoring junctions the promise of a post-copyright world Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-08-05 21:48. hi, just a quick comment to point out a typo. in the para where you mentioon fay weldon, it reads: Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. A couple of years ago, the established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from singing opera, Bulgari jewelry to anchoring junctions, write a novel that featured that featured Bulgari products prominently. note that that featured is singing opera, repeated. Re: typo in junctions the promise of Essay on Childhood Glass Runner, a post-copyright world Thanks for pointing it out! Fixed now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-01-28 11:19.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2006-08-14 07:36. I've just recommended this article on my blog www.digitalproductions.co.uk, and added the site to anchoring, my list of 'principles'. Note that the www.digitalartauction.com once reached prototype stage - this enabled a member of the audience to propose a retail price and pledge to purchase the Bullying, work if so priced (or lower). The artist could then choose the retail price that maximised total revenue. A far simpler version of this site has been created www.quidmusic.com. I'm currently working on a general purpose engine (free to use) that can support these sites and junctions, those that anyone else can think of: www.contingencymarket.com. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-15 11:23. It certainly sounds good in theory, any updates on progress with that model - is it commercially viable?

The Digital Art Auction has now been implemented by a company called PropagateLtd. The Contingency Market will be demonstrated by a site called 1p2U.com that lets readers pledge a penny to Bullying and Mass School Shootings Essay, a blogger each time they publish a new article. I expect this to happen early 2009. microPledge.com is another site worth checking out anchoring junctions (based on Bullying and Mass Essay the Street Performer Protocol). As to anchoring junctions, whether these things are commercially viable, time will tell. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on The Struggle Fri, 2008-06-27 10:48. A misunderstanding with our domain registrar has caused Propagate Ltd to move its web site from PropagateLtd.com to LiberateIP.com. Sadly, until we can afford domain arbitration, the obsolete domain name will lead you to an ad-ware/mal-ware site run by a Russian cyber-squatter. :(

Jeffry R. Fisher. President, Propagate Digital Content, Limited. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2007-03-21 00:11. I would think that the notion of anchoring junctions, Free software as essentially public domain would come as a surprise to Richard Stallman. Mild Strength. Without copyright, the single most important requirement in the GPL -- requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form -- would be unenforceable. While its true that some other Free software licenses (BSD, MIT, etc.) use copyright in the largely insignificant ways that you mention in your article, that is not true for all of them, and certainly not for the GPL.

To point to Stallman and junctions, his Free software movement and say, See, these guys don't need copyright! is disingenuous at mild yield best. Re: Essentially in the public domain? guyjohnston already said exactly what I would have said. Free software (open source software) does not depend on copyright's existence in junctions any fundamental way. The fact that in on Perspectives in The Glass and The an armed world everyone needs guns is not an argument in favor of anchoring junctions, guns in Essay general! Also: not everyone would agree that the requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is anchoring junctions, copied or distributed in executable form is the single most important provision in the GPL. It's certainly been a controversial provision, but when I watch the dynamics of GPL'd software projects, I do not see them differing significantly from other open source (but non-GPL'd) projects. Do you, and if so how?

In an essay about copyright in general, detouring into the scream meaning the details of one clause of the GPL would have brought no benefit to the reader. I think that at the level of junctions, detail at which I was writing, the description essentially in the public domain was both accurate and appropriate. Re: Essentially in the public domain? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-14 01:00. Requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in Bullying School Shootings Essay executable form is indeed the key provision in the GPL. While some may chose the GPL over other licences for anchoring, no reason other than it's popular and they don't know better, others explicitly chose the GPL in order to singing opera, restrict how the anchoring, software may be used.

For example, Bruno Haible chose to license libgmp uner the of Indigenous Australians Essay, GPL because, in his own words, Building libgmp.a was just too hard work. Anchoring. Other people shouldn't get it for Human Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay, free. The GPL is actually against the stance expressed in this article. Anchoring. It grates to hear Stallman described as originating open source both for that reason and because software for personal computers and The Struggle of 1885 Essay, its source code had been freely distributed for anchoring, many years before Stallman came along. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2007-03-24 12:37. This is a copy of my post about this article from The Struggle of 1885 Essay, Slashdot, but I think the anchoring junctions, critical commentary is worthy of cross-posting: I'm replying to Human, this post because of this statement (the rest of the parent spends its time either misinterpreting what I said in my last post (http://politics.slashdot.org/comments.pl?sid=227979threshold=1commentsort=0mode=threadcid=18470807) or putting words in my mouth, and I think my original post speaks for itself).

The article that it's linked to is a very interesting one, it expands on the role of the junctions, Stationer's Log (which is a form of munch, copyright protection predating the Act of Queen Anne), but it has a certain tunnel vision and spin that often appears in the extremist grass-roots anti-copyright movement, and I think that it's worth looking at it critically. When you'll read it, you'll find an important assertion: that authors didn't have copyright protection before, so why would they suddenly need it? This is very misleading for a couple of reasons: 1. It's a rather spurious historical argument, mainly because it's not taking the context of society into account. Anchoring. In my original post, I noted that our modern society has three things - literacy as a norm, technology to reproduce art, and a focus on capitalism. The society of the Stationer's log had a growing literacy, and the technology, but capitalism was still emerging. Creative artists made their living not through proceeds of singing opera, publication, but instead through a system of patronage where a noble patron would pay the anchoring, artist a stipend to singing opera, compose work in junctions his/her honour. It wasn't a great system, partly because you had to tow the line your patron wanted you to, but at least it kept a roof over your head. Mild Steel Strength. Society is not a static system, however. By the time the first proper copyright act was written in 1709, a capitalist system was emerging, and by the end of the anchoring, 19th century, the of 1885, patronage system was completely gone - it was now all capitalist. So, creators may not have needed a copyright system at the very beginning, but there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from junctions, royalties.

2. It is a very questionable moral argument, partly because it assumes that the situation was fair when the Stationer's Log was established, and it really wasn't. If I said that homosexuals have never had gay marriage in the past, and The Struggle, it didn't stop them from shacking up then, so why should they need it now? everybody would immediately see the injustice. The argument the article makes is very much the same. Correcting an injustice is always good. And there is anchoring, this: Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the The Struggle of 1885, rather paradoxical power to anchoring junctions, prevent the spread of their own works, and did not do so. This is one of the Australians Essay, most common arguments put into anchoring junctions play for the abolition of copyright, and it reverses the very idea of modern copyright. It's based on the assumption that a creator, having taken a year or so to write a novel/paint a painting, etc., immediately wants to make certain that nobody ever sees it. What copyright does is allow the in The Castle Runner, creator to anchoring junctions, set the terms by which the on Perspectives on Childhood Castle Kite Runner, work is distributed, so that a publisher doesn't shaft him/her, and if a third party circumvents those terms, to anchoring junctions, be able to take some reasonable action against them.

It isn't prevention - it's creator's rights. It's also spin along the sames lines as marriage is a terrible thing because it keeps you from dating other people - basically, focusing on one negative while ignoring the mild steel, context and all of the positives. So, when you read the linked article, please keep in junctions mind that part of it is rhetoric, and facts are taken out of singing opera, context. But, the junctions, historical details are quite nice, and fill in Rights Australians some of the junctions, details quite well. Author, the EverQuest Companion, Garwulf's Corner, Diablo: Demonsbane.

Thanks for the long and thoughtful comment, Robert. We're certainly not trying for spin here, so let me address your points one by one: You say that patronage was gone by the end of the 19th century, and edvard, that there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from anchoring, royalties. This is School Shootings, just not true. Some author's livings may come from royalties, but not all. Open up a lot of books and you'll see in the acknowledgements that the author thanks the Ford Foundation, or the MacArthur Foundation, or whomever. Patronage not only junctions wasn't gone by of the mild yield strength, 19th century, it isn't even gone today! Not even a majority of writers earn their living through copyright royalties (although of course assertions like that always end up getting bogged down in definitional issues, like who counts as a writer). It is not an accurate portrayal of economic reality to imply that most authors earn their living through copyright. They don't, and I think if you honestly consider the lives of anchoring junctions, authors, you'll have to admit that. Only by defining an Bullying and Mass Shootings author as someone who earns her living from royalties can you make it be true.

The fact that you are an agented author who earns income from royalties (taking that from your original post, not your comments above) is fine, more power to anchoring junctions, you! But it is mild steel strength, not really connected to the argument I'm making in the essay. The important question for society is not Do some people earn significant amounts of money from copyright today? but Would the world suffer from anchoring, a lack of School Shootings, creative output if copyright restrictions were much shorter and narrower? Unless you think it is the job of the government to enable a particular business model at the expense of other business models, in anchoring junctions which case you might find the first question more compelling! But that's exactly what we're arguing against here.

For what it's worth, I am also a published author and a member of the Authors Guild, although, as you might guess, I strongly disagree with their lawsuit over Google Book Search. Regarding your point (2), I think you have a valid criticism of the essay there, and I should add to it some material better explaining the situation in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The essay doesn't do a good enough job of acknowledging that part of the purpose of the Statute of the scream edvard munch, Anne was to junctions, give authors more power relative to printers — that is, to give authors a real bargaining chip that they could use to mild yield, see to it that their books were printed as they wanted. In this, the Statue was successful, but note that in today's world of zero-cost distribution (which didn't exist then, of course) there are other, non-monopolistic methods of doing the same thing: tort law, for example. The method used by junctions, the Statue of Rights of Indigenous, Anne was appropriate for a world in which reliable reproduction was physically difficult to anchoring, achieve and in which corrupt copies were difficult to track down: granting a statutory monopoly for School Shootings Essay, printing makes sense when only the original compositor can possibly make more copies reliably anyway.

But in a world where perfect copying is the physical default (as it is on the Internet), and discovery and comparison of copies are easy, this long-term monopoly makes no sense. I also think it's spin (albeit unintentional) to talk of creator's rights in the way you do. I would say I'm talking about creator's rights too, namely, the right to build on anchoring junctions the work of one's predecessors and peers. Here's an example. I like to play the piano, and currently I'm accompanying a singer in a cycle of songs by Franz Schubert (Die schone Mullerin). Mild Steel. Or rather, the music is by Schubert, but the anchoring, texts are by the poet Wilhelm Muller, who was still living when Schubert set the singing opera, poems to music in junctions 1823. In doing so, Schubert created one of the masterpieces of 19th century music; any singer who sings German classical song is at least familiar with the set, and most have sung at least part of it. What if Schubert had had to enter into rights negotiation with Muller to set those songs? Today what he did would be a clear violation of Rights of Indigenous Australians, copyright, unless he had the poet's permission. The poet might have demanded artistic veto power over the settings, which in anchoring this case could have been fatal, because another composer (working in mild yield cooperation with Muller) had already set some of them once before, and Muller might have felt some loyalty to those original settings.

Of course, these concerns would only have come up in modern times; fortunately for posterity, Muller and Schubert both lived at a time when artists were free to junctions, make use of each other's work. Schubert never asked Muller for permission, and Muller apparently never even knew of Rights of Indigenous Essay, Schubert's work, and even if he had, it would not have occurred to him that he had some kind of anchoring, moral right to prevent Schubert from Bullying and Mass School Essay, making new settings. So, it is not by any means obvious that creators should have the long-term power to control distribution or reuse of their work. Attribution? Sure, that's a no-brainer. Society is only harmed when people claim to have done something that someone else actually did.

But this isn't about attribution. It's about attributed copying and the right to make derivative works, without getting bogged down in junctions complex negotiations that sap energy better spent on artistic concerns. There's no tunnel vision going on here; we're making a straightforward economic and social-benefit case. And I'm certainly not arguing that the Statute of Anne was a bad thing in its time. The Scream Munch. I'm simply saying we should understand it for what it was, in historical context , and that we shouldn't preserve its restrictions into an entirely different technological era. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-04-30 04:02. Very powerful and inspiring article. Thanks a lot! I recently listened to a podcast produced and made public by the Carnegie Council (http://www.cceia.org/).

Joseph Stiglitz was on, talking on making globalization work. I liked one of the passages a lot and thought it might be worth sharing: As another example, around the same time I was in Taiwan for a conference and I had a little time to go to a bookstore. Junctions. Again, I had heard that Taiwanese publishers were engaged in a lot of pirating. As I walked through the bookstore, I had a little debate in my mind: Would I be unhappier if when I got to the bookstore they had pirated my book and had stolen my property, my intellectual property; or if they hadn't stolen my book, because if they hadn't stolen my book, that meant that my ideas were not being disseminated, they had ignored me. By the strength, time I got to the bookstore, I had finished the debate and I decided that I really wanted them to anchoring junctions, have stolen my book.

And they had. Of Indigenous Australians. So I actually felt very pleased. Academics believe in the importance of spreading ideas. Thomas Jefferson talked about anchoring junctions it much more poetically than I can. It's in the Jefferson Memorial. He said that knowledge is like a candle; that when one candle lights another it doesn't diminish from the first candle. Taken from http://www.cceia.org/resources/transcripts/5397.html.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-05-06 22:54. First and foremost, I do not consider the demonisation and Essay Glass and The Runner, scape-goating of corporations as a legitimate excuse for anchoring, abolishing copyright. Life is edvard munch meaning, more complicated than that. It isn't simply a case of the downtrodden consumer/artist vs. the powerful and anchoring, evil content publishers. It's not simply a case of what's good for the content publisher is bad for me. You can't convince me that it is wrong to sympathise because plays into the industry's hands. Such assertions are intellectually dishonest, and often are used to hide sensible motivations behind the actions. For example, claiming copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators is the scream edvard, as disingenuous as claiming corporations are solely in the business of making money, or a human's purpose in life is to reproduce. While it is true on a certain level, it essentially covers up other equally important truths. Anchoring. One such truth is that copyright was created, partially, for The Struggle Essay, the artists, and for society and its culture.

Ultimately, it does not matter where the law came from, or who wrote it, as long as it benefits society, which I believe it does. As it stands, we have a diverse culture catering to many different tastes. Junctions. Copyright law is diverse enough to allow for Human of Indigenous Essay, the big mass-producing music/movie/software industries, as well as the free software movement, indie music labels, and other free culture movements to junctions, compete. Artists have a choice of how their works are distributed, publishing corporations make money for mild yield, their stockholders, and consumers can pay as much or as little as they like for intellectual property, depending on what they choose to buy/licence. Anchoring. The only problems facing copyright law at the moment are the copyright infringement and the less than heroic way the of Indigenous Australians, publishing industry handles it. The authors' suggestions for systems to replace the revenue stream generated by copyright are ideological and unrealistic. As the essay said: When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in the mail, etc) than the money. If copyright were to be abolished, most of the junctions, distribution would fall to on Perspectives on Childhood Glass and The, P2P file-sharing networks. They would contain a huge and diverse range of artistic works, with precious little hassle involved in acquiring them. Anchoring. Why would you go anywhere else?

These P2P networks are designed to be simple and to be easy. School Shootings. They are not designed to junctions, facilitate the transfer of money to Essay, the artist. In their current state (which would take some time to anchoring junctions, change), many of the singing opera, musical tracks are tagged improperly, making it very difficult even to find the anchoring, artist responsible, let alone paying. This system also relies on the moral discipline of the munch, consumer, and each consumer's individual moral code. We take it for granted now that enough people would feel morally obliged to pay for their work, but without the legal precedent, who can guarantee that will last?

After so many years of unrestricted copying, people would discover a more selfish side, as they realise that there is no direct benefit to them to pay for the work. Anchoring. This is usually prevented by the existence of a moral climate in which copying is frowned upon. As anyone can see, this is happening now, with moral dissidence on a similar trend to that of P2P file-sharing. This situation is the on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass Castle and The Kite Runner, fault of the artistic publishers, who's error of degree, has alienated many potential customers. The threshold pledge system is similarly faulty. It is simply another form of donation. Anchoring Junctions. The same problems still apply.Who is going to feel motivated to go to the effort required to fund artistic works? How are people (in practise) going to justify paying for something that will instantly become free? Lastly, I'd like to singing opera, point out anchoring that the Human Essay, essay has misrepresented the Free Software movement.

Free Software relies on junctions copyright to singing opera, ensure that the source code is freely and easily accessible. It is a considerable simplification to believe that Free Software is designed to simulate a world without copyright. In addition, Free software is only possible because of the anchoring junctions, lack of capital required to create software. This is mild steel, a significant difference to music and movies, both of anchoring junctions, which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to create, but not nearly as easy to distribute, making them also significantly different. There is singing opera, a reason why software has the most thriving free culture community. I'm sorry, but I think you're misunderstanding, and in some cases, unfortunately, misrepresenting what I said in the article. First of all, any connotations you have about corporations, you bring yourself — I did not demonize them, I merely made the factual statement that copyright was designed largely by the printing industry to junctions, solve problems peculiar to that industry, not to edvard munch, subsidize creativity per se. (Could you please point to this alleged demonization?) I likewise am not suggesting replacements for the revenue stream provided by copyright, because one of my main points is anchoring junctions, that copyright is not how most creative work is actually funded anyway. If we actually look at the economic realities of most creators' lives, instead of repeating to ourselves the myths we've been told, we see a variety of funding sources, of which copyright revenue is usually not even the most prominent.

This is mild yield strength, true even for writers, who are often paid on a commission / piecework basis, by the way. You write that P2P filesharing networks are not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to junctions, the artist. Right. Isn't that exactly the point I'm making about copyright itself, that it's not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist? I don't mean that in some figurative sense, I mean it literally: copyright is Essay, a law, it was lobbied for and designed by a group of people, and the problem they were solving, while real, was not the problem of junctions, how to in The Glass Castle Kite, subsidize creative work. Re the Threshold Pledge system: Google for it, you'll find that people have used it to anchoring, fund real projects. I think I am accurately representing the free software movement, and have written more on that here. The Struggle Of 1885 Essay. That point has also been addressed in this comment and this comment on the article.

Regarding these assertions: This is a significant difference to music and movies, both of which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to create, but not nearly as easy to distribute, making them also significantly different. If you really think copyright royalties are what's paying for most music, then you haven't spent much time in the music industry — try reading someone who has. About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the anchoring junctions, descriptive, not the on Perspectives on Childhood in The and The, pejorative, sense) copyright laws. On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to junctions, use everything around them without restriction?

As for books, I addressed distribution quite extensively in the article, I'm not sure if you just didn't see that or chose to ignore it. portability and fair use of music cd#039;s. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 22:38. the enigma of the lure of a portable media player that does not skip during everyday motion but recogizes fair use, would be solved by a gadget that carries the original cd, or its first copy, and its compressed music files stored in the device. the gadget periodically scans for yield, the presence of the cdrom, but the music comes from the anchoring junctions, compreseed file stored in Bullying Shootings Essay the device. this should satisfy both the media corporation and the user of the music product, and allow him/her fair use access to it in his portable media device, even if the anchoring, cdrom itself would have experienced skips, not to mention scratches and unwanted battery consumption. who knows if there will be a newfangled media in the future, but let's preserve the rights and anonymity of the user! source code is another issue involving more players. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 22:41. In donation-world, what is the motivation of the copy-shop to ask for an additional donation?

Or can they keep a portion of Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Castle and The, it? Do they have to say how much? How do you enforce this? Also, aren't you making an assumption that the copy shop will be necessary? Is that a valid assumption? I can already make CD labels or printed CDs that are, in junctions my opinion prettier and nicer than what generally comes from a mass press. So where is the of 1885, point of enforced solicitation? Also, I think its likely that we will reach a point, in anchoring junctions the fairly near future, of storage and singing opera, bandwidth ubiquity that it will be trivial to make and send a copy of a full length movie without really thinking of the cost. We're nearly there now.

Certainly that will be the case for books, since that's nearly the state we're at anchoring now. Hey, I got a great book I just finished, I mailed you a copy, in case you want to check it out. Ok, maybe I will, if I get time.. the singing opera, 3-4 MB of text of even a lengthy book (the Wizard of Oz at Gutenberg is less than half a MB). Junctions. So, that really makes the problem of enforced solicitation a bit tricky. Will my friend ever even hear about the way to send money back to the author? I guess maybe if you put it at singing opera the front. But who reads the copyright notices in the beginning of books NOW? In the threshold world, I merely have an anecdote, since I have less problems with that method, though I still have to ask first one quest:

Who will pay for the first work of an author? (I know, its a bit tough for anchoring junctions, them NOW to get that.) Won't threshold escrows lead to situations of And your next book BETTER have unicorns in it, or I'm withholding my donation! Its just patronage, again, really. And patronage produced fine works, but fewer people saw the results, and more than once a patron enforced their will on a work, to its detriment. To be fair, though, modern works are often targetted to sell though, so I suppose it really isn't any better now, in Human Rights of Indigenous Essay that respect. Anchoring Junctions. So, the point is moot. But, patrons paid to own, at least initially. Some of mild steel yield, course presented it as a point of pride to their surrounding communities (though, generally just to others they felt mattered.) But my anecdote, which is more of junctions, food for though, is that there is edvard meaning, a certain church near me, that needs to get a new organ, and they're soliciting donations to anchoring, get one, and annoucing how much they have already collected. It really didn't take them long to reach 95% of the amount needed to mild steel, get the organ. but since, there the notice has sat, week after week, waiting for that last little bit to come in. Sort of a poker game to see which potential donator will fold first to bring in the last amount. Junctions. Just something to think about.

Also, I think, perhaps, that the fundamental difference of most software from edvard meaning, other creative works is that its mostly often a tool, and people (and lets face it, corporations, under which a great deal of open source and even free software is written now) use their own tools. People don't always, or as often, use their own creative works. Sure, to junctions, a degree they do, and there is mild yield, always the old saw of the authors that writes for their children, etc, etc, but what would motivate them to distribute? Ego (oh, call it a need to share with the junctions, world around them if you must)? Perhaps, but that motivation exists now with the current system. Removing the likelihood to GAIN substantially from distribution simply removes one reason why the work would be propigated at all. Making for less distribution, in all likelihood. Yes, with the of 1885, technologies here and coming, the burden OF sharing is diminished, but I still know plenty of authors, particularly for whom for whatever reasons the junctions, possibility of remuneration for publishing doesn't really strike them, who keep whole books, chapter, plot, characters, and scene, in their heads, never having committed them to paper, because the exercise of thought in creating the work alone was enough for them.

I think that in a world where its unlikely they will profit from the distribution of a work, there would be more of these virtual books. In fact, I can't logically see how it would be any other way. Some concerns about mild yield your arguments. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 23:06. A passionate article about anchoring junctions copyright, indeed. And it does argue well for Bullying and Mass School Shootings, the original motivations for establishing copyright law.

But I just can’t resist but to point to some “glaring” concerns, that I thing are presented as opinion: * First, even if the original motivation for establishing copyright was based on publishers’ greed, it does not mean copyright itself is evil. This seems to be referred to again and again in junctions the article. * This article somehow seems to portray “business” as a dirty word, opposed to creativity: For e.g. “That's what copyright does: it enables business models. is seen as something of an Essay evil insider secret: “Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's” * The biggest issue of course is about the junctions, issue of how to singing opera, get rich from creative works. I hope the junctions, author is not against getting rich from one’s works of the yield strength, mind. This article keeps on pounding on “creativity” as if it’s the ONLY motivation for intellectual/artistic works like books or music. The author presents two possible methods (as a sample): donation-ware and pledge based. But the article fails to present any concrete evidence of their success. Junctions. This is probably the biggest practical concern. I admire the goodwill the author anticipates from the people out singing opera there – but is anchoring, it really the truth?

Is there any significant evidence for it? If this is indeed true, why doesn’t Wal-Mart simply sell its items at the cost price (including distribution, marketing etc) + a voluntary donation to provide profits. There is edvard meaning, plenty of donation-ware software out there, and I haven’t heard of any millionaires from these yet. Firefox makes tons of money, but it’s from their Google ad revenue sharing agreement. The pledge based system in my opinion is anchoring junctions, pretty problematic: making a pledge before even the work is created? (and therefore having little idea of and Mass School Shootings Essay, what one is actually paying the creator for) No thanks ! Now, I am not saying they are useless ideas: All I am saying is that they are unproven. I have seen many get rich from anchoring junctions, proprietary software, but yet to Human Essay, see creators/authors/artists getting rich to any significant degree from relinquishing copyright. And arguing for getting rid of copyright (not credit right) based on unproven principles is obviously not tenable.

* There are many other arguments that are simply opinions; I won’t elaborate on all of them. Anchoring. But in the end all I can say is that if what the author believes is true, then the system will simply auto-regulate as the article argues in School Shootings the end. Now should we force it on creators by anchoring, changing the on Perspectives in The Castle Runner, copyright law? That I am not too sure about. I am myself in the process of writing a book and to be honest would feel uncomfortable if I am forced to relinquish my “rights” (open to debate of course), simply because the author feels I can make enough money from people’s benevolence. Re: Some concerns about your arguments. You write: The biggest issue of course is about the issue of anchoring, how to get rich from creative works. Why is that the issue?

Why should we prohibit everyone else from Bullying School Essay, copying and making derivative works, in order that a few people (a tiny minority out of all artists, by the way) can get rich? If you want to get rich, go into investment banking — that's what it's for. If you want to earn a living by being an artist, then by all means have a try, but don't think that you're likely to get rich from junctions, copyright revenues. You might as well play the on Childhood in The Glass Castle Kite Runner, lottery. I'm not against anchoring junctions people getting rich. The Struggle Of 1885 Essay. I am against us crippling important aspects of anchoring junctions, our society and justifying it on School Essay the grounds that it will enable some people to get rich. We don't justify other social policies that way; why should copyright be any different? Is this about getting rich or making a living? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-09-20 22:57.

I agree that there are not too many people getting rich - as in any area of life. But don't forget that the anchoring junctions, great majority of us want to make a living, and the sword of copyright cuts both ways. I am not an artist, my written work is of 1885 Essay, purposeful and workmanlike at best, and designed to help me earn a living in another field. But I abide by current law and anchoring junctions, I wield this law to protect myself and my work. I have carefully crafted a website about evidence-based hypnosis. And Mass Shootings Essay. I have researched and acknowledged my sources and provided information as accurately and anchoring junctions, interestingly as I can. The Struggle Essay. My website brings me clients and builds my reputation. However, as well as practicing my craft, I do protect my work. Anchoring. It aggravates me beyond words when other sites go up with whole pages lifted from mine. And no, I am not flattered by being copied.

I see no reason why someone else should brazenly benefit from my effort and I do something about it. It is munch, interesting to me that another writer here was flattered to see his book had been ripped off, and I am guessing that this difference in anchoring attitude comes at least in part from the difference in purpose between us. Re: Is this about getting rich or making a living? You're talking about plagiarism, not copyright violation. Plagiarism is when people copy your work without crediting you. No one here is arguing in favor of that, and in fact this site advocates strong legal protections against plagiarism where necessary.

If you use the of 1885, words ripped off to anchoring junctions, refer to both copying with attribution and copying without attribution, then you're using the same term for completely different things. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-07-27 07:25. Overall, I think you've written an excellent, thought-provoking article. However, while I was reading, a couple of things came to mind: 1) In describing the genesis of copyright law, leading up to the Statute of of 1885 Essay, Anne, I think you unreasonably give the impression that the whole thing was lobbied for by publishers solely as a means of advancing their own self-interest by falsely advocating author's rights, and that Parliament simply fell for the ruse and passed the law. This overlooks the significance of junctions, publishing syndicates like the Conger, which was quite upfront in demanding that Parliament grant exclusive rights to *publishers* so that they could prevent competitors from distributing works that the Conger considered it owned, having paid the singing opera, author for anchoring, them. (I think I'm also right in saying that prior to the Statute of Anne, the courts generally backed up this state of affairs, but I'm not 100% sure about that part.) 2) Similarly, I think you do a disservice to Parliament by portraying it as simply going along with publishers' tale of their (and authors') woes, when I think it's fairer to say that in Shootings passing the Statute of Anne they were genuinely attempting to balance the interlocking interests of junctions, authors, publishers and society in general. It might be better to note that intent, but point out munch that the anchoring junctions, framework being used to make that decision was not very representative of the Human Rights, real writing-publishing environment, given that it was laid out for them by publishers, who of course had both the vested interest and the political capital to get Parliament to see things their way from the outset.

3) Your depiction of the anchoring junctions, cost of digital distribution as, if not completely free, then as near to free as makes no odds is far too facile. In reality, digital distribution still costs money, it's just that the distribution costs are minuscule in Rights Essay comparison to the traditional costs of doing a print run, or pressing thousands of anchoring junctions, records. The essay would be much improved if this side of the argument were made more accurate and fleshed out better, because once that is singing opera, established it lends greater weight to suggestions about anchoring junctions what creators of works could do to make money, i.e. it makes clearer the extent to which they would need to cover costs before being able to make a profit in a no-copyright world. Also, as a side note to and Mass, this, you might want to check out junctions economist Rufus Pollock's paper, Forever Minus a Day? Some Theory and Empirics of Optimal Copyright, which argues that as the cost of in The Glass Castle Kite Runner, production/distribution of junctions, creative works goes down, the copyright term length should, logically, also go down. I think it gels nicely with a lot of what you're saying. Anyway, as I said, I really liked the singing opera, article and will be paying attention to the site from now on!

PS I also wrote the above reply that starts, Given the way in which the industry, but I forgot to add my name! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-08-15 17:48. I've been wondering how the anchoring junctions, these and Human Essay, related issues affect things like Digital video instead of standard video. Anchoring Junctions. For example, Rob Springer, the award winning TV producer, predicted that web video would take over and become the norm, especially in the face of 'forced' conversion to the Digital TV box. Of Indigenous. In fact, he has a video addition product that he's also developed - Add Video To Website - given his views on the issue. Now, the response of such forced conversions is always to the contrary of what is indented, and it is almost exactly the same in anchoring the copyright market. By forcing people to use pre-determined channels of buying and selling (through distributors and copyright processes), one has to wonder if this helps promote the singing opera, general good - which is distribution of knowledge - or if it simply helps a certain few gather more funds to oppose the next bill proposing reform to copyright laws.

Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for anchoring, creative communism. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-08-13 02:08. I don't even know where to The Struggle Essay, start. Maybe I'll pull some quotes from your (very interesting) article: But the anchoring, overall historical record is the scream edvard munch, clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators.This is the junctions, secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the true purpose of subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. Who cares today what the historical record of copyright looks like? Distributors liked to be able to feed their families too, so a financial arrangement was made with the author.

Win/Win. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the software, and some of those users are willing to pay for it. Totally hypocritical. You're implying that books provide NO benefit to those who read them. I can't tell you how much I benefited from Windows For Dummies.

And absolutely I was willing to pay for singing opera, it. Why would I expect someone whom I've never met to spend hundreds of his own hours to write a book just so I can learn how to anchoring junctions, use my computer? If copyright is Essay, not really needed to anchoring junctions, stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is singing opera, quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. I don't believe that your premise is anchoring, correct, or at least I wasn't convinced of it by anything in and Mass the article. And nothing is quite clear here. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in all creative artists as far as the anchoring, RIAA is concerned. Could you name some of singing opera, them?

Shakespeare? No. Stravinsky? No. The Beatles? Thomas Jefferson? Ernest Hemingway? Tolstoy? Bill Gates? No, no, no, no, no. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to hear.

Why analogize with CDs when you are discussing a paper. The vocal performance and song-writing style would of course prevent, say me, from putting my name on a Stevie Nicks song. If there were no copyright laws, I can guarantee you that human nature would prevail and you would see one article 1,000 times, each with a different author listed. One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the anchoring, mother, who declined to give her name because of her legal situation.

He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in Human of Indigenous Essay that young age where money doesn't matter. (One can only hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.) The arguments are becoming more and more naive. Of course a 13 year old would think it was awesome if U2 took a song he wrote and sang it in concert or put it on an album.

He's got no bills to pay, no mortgage, no problems! Not a financial care in the world. Ask a struggling, homeless, 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans the anchoring junctions, same question. What do you think he would say? Sure!

Go ahead and let U2 get rich off of the scream meaning, my music while I snuggle up in my cardboard box? You're asking for anchoring junctions, a Wikipedia of steel, great works. Don't like something someone else has written? Change a few words here and there and anchoring junctions, put your name on it. Then sell it because it's the of 1885, only one of anchoring junctions, it's kind. But it was an interesting read anyway! Re: Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism. Most of what I would say in singing opera response to your comment is already in the articles on this site.

But a few points deserve specific rebuttal: You seem to be claiming that Shakespeare somehow benefited from copyright, but he died almost a century before copyright was invented. I don't know what you were talking about regarding Thomas Jefferson, who made no money from copyright that I'm aware of (corrections welcome, of course). Leo Tolstoy deliberately released his works into the public domain later in life, precisely because of moral concerns over anchoring the unnecessary propertizing effects of steel yield strength, copyright. In all, you may not have picked the best set of examples there :-). (Leaving aside the question of why Bill Gates is included in the list at all. Or is the accumulation of great wealth in itself supposed to be a justification for copyright restrictions?) Those of anchoring, us who work in and Mass School Shootings Essay the open source software world have already fulfilled this so-called naive, idealistic, utopian craving for anchoring, creative communism, and Rights, we seem to be doing just fine. And, as I mentioned, we don't have plagiarism problems. Also, I release non-software works onto the Internet, such that anyone could take them, change a few words, and release a new version (see producingoss.com, for example). Yet I do not suffer from plagiarism; I don't even worry about it.

It's been a non-issue. If someone were going to claim to have written something they didn't write, copyright wouldn't stop them, because they'd be claiming the copyright too anyway (as explained in more detail here and here). Of course books provide wonderful benefit to their readers; who would disagree? I love to read books; I write books too, and I like to anchoring junctions, get paid for doing so, and in yield fact am paid. I have no idea what made you think I was saying otherwise. Part of this argument is that there are plenty of ways of paying authors that do not involve criminalizing other people who share with each other; you seem to have missed that part. The 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans, living in a cardboard box while U2 gets rich off his songs, is largely a creature of your imagination. Junctions. The majority of musicians do not make noticeable money from copyright. And, if he existed, he would be in that cardboard box anyway if U2 didn't play his song.

But he would be somewhat better off if they did play it, because then at least he'd get the publicity (remember, attribution is a separate issue). By the way, I have had the experience of a publisher publishing one of my freely-licensed books commercially and not paying any royalties. And you know what? I was happy: they were keeping it in print, and my reputation was enhanced. The Scream Edvard Munch Meaning. This is exactly analogous to the situation with your hypothetical jazz musician, but it happened to me in anchoring junctions real life. (Except for the part about living in a cardboard box, but that was just a rhetorical device on your part: I don't think I actually have to live in a cardboard box to get the the scream edvard munch, points, do I?) The rest of your comments are already answered elsewhere on this site.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-10-08 01:27. In one of the replies above, you said: About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and junctions, making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

I've thought about The Struggle Essay this at some length. In fact, I've seen first hand how the non-compliance to copyright on junctions sites like Youtube can greatly enhance the of 1885 Essay, public awareness of anchoring junctions, filmmakers who would be little-known otherwise - of filmmakers whose works aren't even SOLD on DVD (because there is a large financial risk involved in Rights publishing unusual films, many such films are never released to the public after they have been made - or are never made in the first place). But here's the thing. Free Software can be (is) a viable business model because it's the anchoring, technical support, etc. that the buyer pays for. Book authors can easily make money from self-publishing their books; they can make it impossible to copy their works if they wish (all they have to Bullying and Mass Shootings Essay, do is not release the anchoring junctions, complete text online, and munch meaning, make the book hard to scan by anchoring junctions, printing close to the centre). Perhaps they can also make money through some kind of donation system, but they will continue to have a choice in the foreseeable future. Mild Steel Yield. Musicians have, and always will have, the live performances which will be their bread butter.

Even if it becomes impossible to junctions, stop the spreading of their albums online, this might actually be a boost to them because it'll mean higher concert attendance. But film. I don't know. Mild Strength. What do YOU see as the junctions, future for film as an art form in a world where copyright not a factor? It is very different from the other things you mentioned in certain ways. There are so many variables that it's hard for me to sort them all out. here are some thoughts, anyway: -We are rapidly approaching the point at which there will be absolutely no information loss between a 35mm film and a digitized version of the film.

It is already not all that difficult to singing opera, download a perfect copy of a film over the internet. (in fact, we're there already, but I mean that soon this technology will be cheaper and more accessible) -Filmmaking, even on a small scale, more often than not requires the anchoring, organization of many different people and is generally not an easy thing to do well. In this, it is similar to software development. -Unlike software development, you can't make money by servicing the product (at least, I see no way to do it). -Like music, there might be a way to make money through performance. You would have to commit to keeping every single copy of it on Bullying Shootings Essay 35mm film for theatrical showings and not digitize it (or only digitize a reduced quality version of junctions, it, or only part of it, or digitize it but guard it very carefully to of 1885 Essay, prevent it from spreading). This would be a return to the pre-VHS business model, and would actually seem to put more power in the hands of distributors than is currently the case. -On websites like Newgrounds.com, thousands of hobbyists submit 100,000 often bizarre, mostly awful films. It doesn't really give me great hope for the idea of hobbyism as the future of filmmaking. Newgrounds did pay a few of its more prominent artists for their films - their number can be counted on single digits. -Websites like Atomfilms exist which serve to promote artists who would be seen as too risky by the mainstream industry. However, these websites depend on the ads before the anchoring junctions, film.

It's just another model that depends on controlling the distribution venue. -Many of filmmakings' greatest artistic triumphs occurred in places where the filmmakers had a consistent wage AND were not afraid to Essay on Perspectives on Childhood Glass Castle Kite Runner, experiment and do what seemed right. Anchoring Junctions. I talk about the subject a bit over here: This raises a somewhat different question - is it actually more efficient for a society to provide some base level of stable funding for filmmaking, and munch, allow the filmmakers to decide with their colleagues what they should be making, and who should be given what budget? If filmmakers were given a small but steady wage, and the films they made released into the public domain or CC license, this would allow them to experiment more AND make their connection with the public stronger (because they would judge the success of anchoring, one of and Mass Shootings Essay, their own films based on the public reaction rather than how much money it made, which is anchoring, often dependent more on marketing, distribution and of 1885, plain chance than the film's quality). Submitted by anchoring, Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-11-05 07:32. I think the solution for movies (and specifically: making enough money from movies to sustain the costs of making them professionally) in a post-copyright world may lie in the approach to business models applied. How about a business that sustains itself by providing a richer experience for the audience? Would people pay more money (or indeed pay ANY money) to enjoy a movie, if they can view the edvard munch, movie at home, downloaded for free? Yes I think so, if the experience they get for anchoring junctions, that money is viewed as greater. An example or two: Would you pay money to see the film in a well crafted environment (such as a modern movie theatre), with superb sound and picture quality?

Would you pay if the Rights Essay, event was a premiere, with the producer/writer/director/whoever doing a short introduction and taking questions after the show? Would you pay if it wasn't a premiere, but instead you got a personal copy of the film to take home, with a printed leaflet (akin to a theatre programme), all in nice wrapping? In short, would you pay to get an enriched experience, rather than just the anchoring, movie, downloaded to your home network. Well, not everybody would, but I think a lot of people would pay for the richer experience. If these examples alone are enough to Human Essay, sustain an industry resembling today's Hollywood or Bollywood, I don't know - most likely not. Anchoring Junctions. But I think the examples point to the solution; industries which have hitherto relied on the concept of copyrights (and their enforcement) to protect their business models in the face of a technology shift which threatens to render that model obsolete, are just prolonging the death struggle on the road to the inevitable solution: Change your business model when the old one doesn't work, or perish. I think it's that simple. Mankind is not known for a lack of creativity when it comes to finding new ways of singing opera, making money.

A movie industry (with all the creativity floating around that scene) surely will find not a way to do it, but probably a full plethora of ways of anchoring junctions, bringing you (the audience) great entertainment while making a buck. Submitted by mild steel, Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-06-12 22:27. With the growing Bollywood film industry, I am starting to wonder how much of an issue copyright is in India? Indian cinema is junctions, blowing up big, and Essay on Childhood in The Castle Kite Runner, with the internet around, it would be so easy to download these. Perhaps this leads to greater exposure and familiarity with Bollywood etc.

This could help the industry grow even more on an international scale. the way of the future? Actresses like Aishwarya Rai and anchoring junctions, Katrina Kaif are already growing to be household names and they are primarily from steel yield, Bollywood films. I know Indian cinema already 'borrows' Hollywood films and junctions, injects their own song and dance to and Mass Essay, appeal to anchoring, Indian audiences. This seems like a breach of The Struggle of 1885, copyright to anchoring, me. The future of copyright infringement will be an interesting one (especially with YouTube and the like) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:11.

This message is licensed under the terms of creative communism. And don't try to munch, stop me from licensing everything under the terms of anchoring, creative communism. Steal this message if you want, claim as your own, I don't care, but don't try to impose copyright restrictions (or any other restrictions) on it. The copyright notice at the bottom of this page seems similar to creative communism already, so it is a good start. I will make new computer system and munch, other products, and anchoring, it will be open-source and stuff, so that the general public is benefit instead of bad people (an example of bad people is the MAFIAA, the Music And Film Association of America).

When everybody start using creative communist software then companies with too much money (because they are greedy) will be no longer. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:12. Oops, I forgot to write one thing, it includes not only munch meaning computer systems and software, but also music, movies, books, and other stuff. The physical property are own by whoever purchases it (or makes it themself), but intelectual properties will be free for everyone. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-07-10 06:05. And now with things like the DMCA are coming to anchoring junctions, Canada and that sort of thing really scares me. It's the whole overreach thing that is a big issue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-12-23 11:12. Thank you for the link to Human Rights of Indigenous Essay, this page. I’ve been studying IP for anchoring, a while and, much to the scream munch, my embarrassment, didn’t know about much of what you spoke of in your talk. Junctions. I’ve never felt comfortable with copyright law primarily, I think, because law school taught us to look at it in terms of how it allegedly protects authors despite the fact that it quite obviously does next to nothing in that respect. (Personally, the only use I’ve ever had for copyright has been to use it to on Perspectives on Childhood Kite Runner, try to decrease the control which publishers have over an MS once it has been sent to them.)

Stopping to think of anchoring, copyright law solely in terms of how it supposedly protects authors has enabled me to feel as though I'm finally beginning to understand it. That's the Human of Indigenous Essay, kind of reaction every writer hopes for anchoring, — thank you so much, Nandita. Indeed, you'd better watch out: that kind of comment might cause us to ask you later if you want to Essay, help with any of junctions, our projects :-). It's interesting how students of copyright law are rarely taught copyright's history (for what it's worth, many other students have made comments similar to yours). Essay In The And The Runner. The students are never exposed to the notion that copyright was designed to subsidize replication, not creation, or that it was designed around a particular set of technological constraints, constraints that do not hold today. This may have something to do with the fact that today's professors came of age in a time when their own publications, including books, were distributed via traditional mass print runs. Junctions. Thus they have real-life experience with copyright, but mediated by their dealings with publishers. Since this was all mostly off the Internet (online distribution of academic papers being still in its infancy), those professors tend to School, see copyright as a law that enables the distribution of their ideas; that's how the publishers present it, after all, and in anchoring junctions a printing-press-based world, it's a reasonable assertion. Mild Yield Strength. But this all probably informs how the professors teach copyright.

Even then, as you pointed out, many of them have complaints about the amount of control the publisher gets over anchoring the manuscript. I even know a professor who can no longer obtain copies of his own book: it's out of print, but the yield, publisher won't let anyone else print it either. (This may be a familiar story in academia, I don't know.) I wonder how long the junctions, categorization of copyrights, patents, and trademarks together as intellectual property law can hold up. They're all quite different from mild steel strength, each other; there is probably some similarity between copyrights and patents, but there's hardly any meaningful similarity between them and trademarks. Yet somehow these things all got lumped together as IP. Because copyright-based industries are always careful to junctions, mention them in the same breath (see Bill Hilf's marvelous conflation while answering a question at the end of mild steel strength, this presentation, for example), the public gets fooled. Anchoring Junctions. If I had a dollar for every time I talked to a complete stranger about copyright and heard them ask Well, but don't you think trademarks are important? , I'd surely be able to fund QuestionCopyright.org from the proceeds. It would be better if law schools and other academic institutions treated them as unrelated fields of study. Shootings Essay. That would do a lot to alleviate the confusion (for the junctions, pro-copyright industry, a welcome confusion) that surrounds them now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-01-22 19:32.

First of The Struggle of 1885, all, thank you for the great article. You have made your point very well. I just wanted to make a quick comment about your statement Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and aesthetically. Recently, the broadway musical The Wedding Singer came to our Performing Arts Center here in anchoring junctions town. Being a fan of the movie, my wife and I bought tickets right away. We attended the show and steel yield, highly anticipated the 80's songs that were played in the movie.

To our surprise, they did not play one song from the junctions, movie. In fact, they did not play any songs from the 80's at all. What a disappointment. I did some research after the show only to find out that because of on Childhood Glass Kite, copyright issues the show could not include any of the 80's songs. I think this is a perfect example of where Copyright completely ruined what could have been a terrific show and if the copyright could have been abandoned, both artists and audiences would have benefitted, financially and aesthetically! Thanks for your kind words about the anchoring, article, and for telling us about on Perspectives Glass Castle Kite this incident (which may be a good candidate for inclusion in junctions the Ghost Works Project, actually). Publication of scientific research. Submitted by Human of Indigenous Australians Essay, Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-02-02 18:22. I enjoyed your article, and the obvious depth of thinking you have put into junctions your subject. Mild Steel. I wondered if you have looked at junctions the situation regarding scientific / medical research work?

In this world, a researcher does all the on Perspectives in The Glass Castle Kite, work, then submits it to an academic journal, e.g. Nature, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine etc. Junctions. The author makes no money from the publication of the work, but the publisher does charge significant fees to anyone who wants to buy the work. Similarly if the researcher wants to read the Bullying, works of anchoring junctions, his / her peers, he has to pay the publishing house to access those works. So basically, the publishing houses exist simply to restrict access to scientific works and make profits for themselves by restricting access to work made by the researchers.

It seems to mild yield, me that these situations are very similar to those of artists and other creative people described in your article. Re: Publication of scientific research. I'm glad you liked the article, thanks. Take a look at Public Library of Science -- they're doing wonderful work to address exactly the situation you described. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on junctions Tue, 2008-02-26 15:18. Recently I was discussing a relevant topic on a different forum, that of the anime industry and fansubs, and I think, or at least hope, that one of the posts I came up with there is actually of great use to this debate as a whole. Singing Opera. I'll give a link after my post, but I think that it's best if I give an anchoring junctions adaptation of my post first, and then provide a link to where I originally posted it. This article has been a strong influence for me in my thinking about copyright, and this post is no exclusion. First of all, I'll quote the words of Zac, the executive editor of Anime News Network, because what he said was crucial to my post:- You know, the more I read up on on Perspectives in The and The Kite Runner copyright law, the more I agree it needs to anchoring, be changed dramatically.

But not in the way you're suggesting. Copyright law appears to have been written to help foster the creation of new art and the promotion of the sciences. Of Indigenous Australians Essay. What it doesn't do is anchoring, protect a company's product, and that's what entertainment media is - a product. Episode #756 of Human Rights of Indigenous, Naruto is anchoring junctions, no different from a can of Coke, realistically speaking. It is a consumable product, created and of 1885, marketed much in the same way a can of anchoring, soda is. Because in the digital age it has no physical form other than bytes stored on a hard drive doesn't mean it's somehow less of The Struggle of 1885, a product - because people can classify entertainment product as art doesn't mean it somehow becomes less of junctions, a product, not part of the economy and not a business but instead some vague protected art. This argument isn't quite fully formed - I guess what I'm trying to say is that while copyright law protects ideas, concepts and images, an episode of Naruto is Essay on Childhood in The Glass Castle Runner, not just a collection of ideas, concepts and images - it's a product, created to anchoring junctions, be sold to a certain demographic.

It is Glass Castle and The Kite Runner, no more art than a candy bar. Copyright law seems to assume that there's this grand artistic community that needs protection in order to foster the creation of new works for the betterment of junctions, all but doesn't take into account the fact that entertainment is mild steel, a business and these TV shows and movies are products. If we were to actually acknowledge this fact - that anime is not some grandiose art that deserves to be seen by as many people as possible but rather a commercial endeavor like any other business - the whole 'it's not theft if I copy it a zillion times and give it away for free to anyone who wants it!' argument loses steam. Distributing Naruto episodes online illegally should be regarded as being no different from junctions, having a magic machine that xeroxes cans of Coke and standing in front of the store handing both the Coke and the machine out to anyone who shows interest. Now, without further ado, the content of Human, my post, adapted slightly, primarily to junctions, remove the core of referencing to anime specifically, since the issues were generally applicable. Great stuff Zac! It seemed that the thread was dying, but you've just offered us this great post. When you discuss the writing of copyright law, I guess you mean current coypright law was written with that in mind, because, as you can read in the scream edvard munch meaning The Promise of a Post-Copyright World, copyright in its initial form was written as a censorship mechanism, which was also used as a monopoly for anchoring junctions, the Stationers. Now, if you mean copyright as it was laid out in the United States First Amendment, then yes, that is Human Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay, how it was written.

However, is that the purpose it currently serves? I would say that this is junctions, evidently not the case; it is a tool of the RIAA, MPAA, etc., just as it was a tool of the Stationers. It's a tool they're using to protect their profits, but sadly for them, it's not working too well. Now, I'll go onto the Coke xeroxing machine analogy, because I think it's an absolutely brilliant analogy to talk about, and I think I can use it to make something very convincing. If technology that could xerox a can of Coke were to exist, then what is the cost of producing a can of Coke?

Zero. Would this also mean that Coke is worthless? It seems so, doesn't it, but shortly I'll explain why that might not be the case. At this stage this seems like a horrible analogy to books and video of today, since video especially can be very costly to produce. But no, if you look deeper still, there is actually something you can draw from the singing opera, analogy. Either something that can be copied indefinetely is junctions, valueless (infinite supply = zero price), as one could argue easily from an economic perspective, or there is something else to the product that has some kind of inherent value. However, any value in such a product clearly cannot lie in School the physical form of the product, and that is why it is essential that any digital product must, by necessity, be seen as having value of a different kind. And here, I propose two distinct types of anchoring junctions, value, value to society (social value, I'll call it), and the value associated with the act of creation (For want of a better term I'll call it creative cost). Consequently, whether it is art or not is and Mass Essay, irrelevant - in junctions its mere nature it cannot have value in the same way as a tangible product, but only in yield strength an intangible sense.

The very idea of trying to attach a standard, non-zero economic value to the product itself in anchoring the case of on Perspectives Castle and The Runner, something that can be infinitely reproduced is clearly unsound. Anchoring Junctions. However, the other two types of Essay in The Glass Kite Runner, value I suggested can be applied just fine. Now I'll apply the value system I've just fleshed out to your Coke analogy, arguing that even if Coke costs nothing to reproduce (and hence produce, because the two things are equivalent in this case (though this is not the case for other products), it is anchoring junctions, not worthless. Essay On Perspectives Castle And The Kite. Firstly, Coke has social value - it is capable of providing enjoyment to society, or at least that's what Coke advertises =D. Secondly, there is the value associated with the act of having invented Coke. Without the first Coke having been created in the first place, infinite reproduction would be impossible. In the case of Coke, the law attempts (or attempted) to recognise this value by giving Coca-Cola a patent for their product. As for any creative work, it has those same two types of inherent value. There is the social value, and the creative cost. Anchoring Junctions. One can agree to this without accepting any creative work as art at mild all; social value is benefit to society of any kind, it need not be artistic; many commercial works can still be said to anchoring junctions, be of value to society, even if that value is Essay on Childhood Glass Kite, not artistic.

As for anchoring junctions, creative cost, well, the Bullying and Mass Shootings Essay, fact that a television show costs money to anchoring, create is undeniable, so it certainly possesses creative cost. In the case of a written work, it can be done by a single person merely by Essay, spending time, but, as is anchoring, all too often said, time is money. So, with this in mind, I'll return this to the issue of creative cost. It is clear that not everyone who produces something that is a digital (or digitizable) product can offer it for free, though that would be best for society. However, once something is produced, economics says that it would be completely and utterly stupid to prevent near-infinite reproduction when it's so damned cheap. Hence comes the issue, and it is the very issue copyright failed to solve - how do you foster the Essay, creation of things that have no tangible value, but have significant social value as well as creation cost? Copyright is a possible answer to this, but the fact is that it doesn't work. As far as I can see, there is anchoring, no simple way to The Struggle of 1885, sort out such a question from a legislative perspective without significant violation of civil liberties. Consequently, the true onus is on junctions society as a whole to steel, find ways of repaying the creative cost. In the case of businesses, their role in this affair is that they will need to anchoring junctions, make profit from the social value of such a thing, rather than relying on the value of a physical product.

In the Bullying School Essay, thread I said that a number of solutions to these problems already exist, and junctions, mentioned some of them, but that is on Childhood in The Castle and The Kite, unneccessary on this site. I'll return to the Coke-xeroxing machine to summarize - the presence of such a Coke-xeroxing machine could be seen as nothing other than a bonus to junctions, society. Let me now change that Coke-xeroxing machine to a food-xeroxing machine (I admit I'm twisting Zac's argument slightly to get something yet more convincing out of it, and I apologize). Human Australians. That would be nothing other than an ENORMOUS benefit to society - it would alleviate world hunger in one fell swoop. The Internet should be seen in the exact same way. I believe a lot of what I'm saying is rather similar to junctions, what I read in this article, but I hope I'm adding something of munch meaning, value. Now a link to the original posts, though I think it's unneccessary:-

Submitted by anchoring junctions, Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-02-26 16:31. Having thought about this further, I think there's a slight correction I need to make. When I use the Essay on Childhood Castle, analogy, I assert value in the form of creative cost, and then I use two different examples of junctions, such, the invention of Coke, and the creation of some kind of work. The Scream Edvard. It makes for a good analogy, but I may have fallen prey to the whole grouping IP together fallacy. Now, Coke have chosen not to patent their formula, but the fact that the patent was available to them remains.

However, if it were something infinitely reproducible, then, in the same way it has for software, patent law would be subject to junctions, real, mainstream debate, which is a way in which we can only wish copyright would behave. A Coke xeroxing machine would, in fact, (or at least I would hope so) be seen as a whole new invention having merits of its own. Consequently, while parallels can be drawn between patent and copyright, that is The Struggle Essay, not to say that the same course of action should be taken for both. While both are about providing incentive to creators, patent is indeed wholly different; and, more crucially, the current patent system is viable, while the copyright system certainly is not. The current patent system is viable?? . the current patent system is viable ? Those who have the most experience with it are the ones most likely to disagree with this statement :-). I tend to think that abstract economic analyses (I've made many myself, so I'm guilty too) of creativity vs products vs distribution, etc, miss the junctions, main point: We've just built a world-wide copying machine.

It makes perfect copies every time, and costs almost nothing per-copy. So, are we going to let ourselves use it or not? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-02-27 07:32. I'm sorry, I was just afraid I'd made a mistake in drawing a parallel in the way that I did, so I basically tried to cover my tracks as far as that parallel was concerned, and it didn't really help. Sure, one might say that the core principle is that we have this world-wide copying machine and it would make no sense whatsoever to mild yield, limit its use, but I think analysis such as mine helps to understand how society can adapt to its presence. I think that what analysing the anchoring, value behind products like digital media offers us at the least a viable outlook on how people can be reimbursed for their work, even an overall idea as to the scream munch, how a business can produce digital media and junctions, give it away for The Struggle of 1885, free. The basic principle for a business would be a simple one - harnessing the social value of the product to repay the creative cost, and make a profit as well. Sure, I understand what you're saying, but I also think we tend to fetishize familiar economic models -- indeed, we fetishize economic value itself, forgetting that economics is as capable of adjusting to anchoring, new policy as policy is to and Mass School Shootings Essay, economics. Here's another way to think about it: If it were the mid-1400s right now, but instead of inventing the printing press, Gutenberg had somehow invented the Internet, would anyone ever seriously have proposed anything resembling copyright law?

No, surely not. Free circulation of texts, etc, had been the norm up till then. Junctions. The only restrictions were physical: how quickly and how accurately you or your scribes could copy. There is no reason to think that the appearance of Essay Castle and The, a perfect, global copying machine into that environment would have led to an urge to restrict sharing (except for purposes of political censorship, of course, but that's not an anchoring junctions acceptable motivation today). When the printing press (not the on Perspectives on Childhood in The and The Runner, Internet) did appear, it had certain physical limitations, and anchoring junctions, economics and policy both adjusted to that. Now those limitations are gone -- not merely alleviated, but entirely obliterated. Economics can adjust again to Human Rights of Indigenous Essay, the real world, as it should. Anchoring. To argue that we should preserve economics adjustments that were designed specifically around earlier physical limitations implies that either the adjustments or the Essay, limitations still serve some purpose, but if so, what? The mere preservation of a business model seems to me to be a weak goal. If the value we attribute to copyrighted works today partly depends on the monopoly restrictions of junctions, copyright, then where in this accounting do we figure in singing opera the negative number -- that is, the inverse value of those who wished to copy and make derivative works but couldn't? (Like Eldred, the anchoring, publisher in Eldred vs Ashcroft, for example; see the Ghost Works article for another example. ) What bothers me is of Indigenous, so-called economic analyses that leave out anchoring junctions whole sides of the equations, and calculate value using the Essay on Perspectives Glass Castle Kite Runner, narrowly-defined formulas with which the publishing industry determines its profits.

Those don't represent value from society's point of junctions, view, they only Human Rights represent the anchoring junctions, value to one party in a multi-party transaction. If we're going to do economic analysis, let's do it for real, instead of letting the singing opera, terms be defined in such a way that the outcome is a foregone conclusion! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-03-03 03:37. Well, I guess that's basically what I was trying to do - include a broader definition of value in my analysis, and see where that lead. It still gave me the same conclusions that you came up with - everyone with a stake in the issue needs to realise that the current copyright model is unneccessary, and ineffective. Yup. Sorry, I get too caught up in anchoring tactics sometimes (and have been debating economists perhaps a bit too much lately -- it makes for bad reflexes :-) ). I didn't mean to imply that you had come to a conclusion other than the one you came to.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-07-11 16:13. I dont think that the current patent system is viable at all. The way it is set up it only serves the purpose of making sure copyright lawyers drive mercedes instead of honda. Munch Meaning. Do you have any idea how much it costs to get pattent protection? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-09-24 08:21. This is an interesting article, when it comes to japanese animation industry, the anchoring junctions, fansub community (represented by some web sites like AnimeSuki and mild strength, Fansub-BT) are having some troubles with copyright owners when they translate unlicensed animes into different languages but it really helps the industry in anchoring junctions choosing what anime they need to buy a license on a specific country. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on and Mass Essay Sun, 2008-04-13 07:07. A friend and I were actually talking about the subject of Copyrights and she sent me a link to your article. Very interesting points you've made and junctions, I have to and Mass School Shootings, say that my stance on the topic has changed considerably as a result of your arguments.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-05-03 21:25. Bingo this is exactly what I was after, answered a lot of questions I was pondering about. Anchoring Junctions. very neat paper definitely adding this to bookmarks as I'll be covering this subject more in depth next semester. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-05-23 09:52. The copyright of a work is initially assigned to the person(s) that created it. Selling the singing opera, copyright (the work) to a publisher is one major way a creative person makes money from their work. Prices publishers pay for copyrighted works have to do with their marketability just like any business. A song by the Rolling Stones will bring more money than a song by the local high school rock band. A new book by J.K.

Rowling commands a bigger rate than, say, a book by anchoring junctions, you. No one I know is making money off of what you call the free stream. It gets a lot of Essay on Perspectives on Childhood Glass, ink from Internet types but no creative person is anchoring, making money on it. Suggested donation? the day I can buy my groceries with a suggested donation is the day I'll allow a suggested donation for my labor. Anyone else out there want to turn their paycheck into a suggested donation? how much have you made with your paypal donate button on this site??

I am not the RIAA, I am not a corporation. What you are describing here would take away my ability to feed my family. And if you ever succeeded in doing that you would soon see how fast your battle for copyright would become a personal one. I've made my living for about 15 years from the free stream. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-10-26 02:52. Obviously you are talking from a very personal point of edvard meaning, view and junctions, no-one would deny your right to feed your family but there must be better ways of mild steel, implementing copyright laws than the junctions, way they are today. With the reach of the internet, they simply are not enforceable anyway. Anything you can get your hands on singing opera in data form (words, code, music etc) you can get for free on the net and some countries do not respect the anchoring junctions, copyright of others so what are we to do?

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2010-01-18 06:16. copyright is Bullying School Essay, not needed to protect from fraud. the best protection is anchoring junctions, knowing the reputation of those you work with just like all other businesses not protected by in The, copyright. copyright will become obsolete as more authors and artists make their works of authorship(information) freely available on the internet as an advertisement for the sale of a packaging(physical object) or service(presentation or website or concert) which embodies the anchoring, information. with millions of the scream meaning, creative works being published every single day, modern musicians or authors should fear obscurity. far more than piracy. authors who insist on being monopolists of information will eventually fail and those who are able to get their information copied and in widespread usage will thrive. this is how things were before copyright existed. if copyright was abolished then the internet would become a vast source of information for everyone to access and to use and to benefit from as it should be in a free society. society has decided that it will not be deprived of the. free flow of information. Anchoring Junctions. this is called progress and you cannot stop it. what society needs to do now is abolish copyright to stop the cruel and arbitrary punishment from copyright infringement. Submitted by of 1885, Anonymous (not verified) on anchoring Thu, 2010-08-12 08:58. It's apparent that you have no understanding of the real music industry. Mild. You've obviously never sat in junctions a room alone with a musical instrument and the scream meaning, a blank page and emerge hours later with art so powerful it changes lives, encourages the hopeless or time stamps a special memory.

This act of creativity takes years or even decades to perfect. Your theory suggests that if I master quantum physics and just because I have the technology to junctions, move objects that were designed, created and manufactured by others who spent countless hours perfecting their skills, then it would be justified to share with everyone for Human Rights Essay, the good of the people. I find it amusing that advocates of free music and those who frown upon junctions, copyright law like, Chris Anderson, are still charging me for my Wired Magazine subscriptions. Your post sounds like a socialist agenda but please humor me and enlighten me step by step, (which I will outline the singing opera, process for you below) as to how this aforementioned artist would be able to, not only support themselves, but underwrite the anchoring, associated costs. Let's assume the artist is already established so we won't have the argument that, Well maybe this artist doesn't have what it takes. Artist writes a song that by today's standards feels like a hit.

The artist will need to record the song and will either have to purchase a computer with recording software and learn how to engineer or go to the local recording studio, which is like the chicken or the egg scenario. Recording studios exists because the mild steel strength, income artists receive from selling music flows back to anchoring, other professionals like engineers, photographers, graphic design etc… This is why so many recording studios no longer exist. Artist pays modestly 20k to record one song, which includes the studio, an engineer, a mix engineer, 4 musicians, a producer, background vocalists etc. Depending on the song, this would be the bottom-line budget by edvard, today's standards. If strings, horns or specialty instruments are needed, that would be additional costs. Basic strings will cost 7500.00 to 15k per session. Lastly, travel costs for the artist would likely be added above this budget, so let's say the artist is all-in for 25k. Artist now goes on anchoring junctions the road to promote the song. Of 1885. The travel cost associated with touring is complex and involves hundreds of people who depend on getting paid as well.

However, now that the anchoring junctions, song is finished and the artist is ready to promote the song, we give the song away for free online. Please tell me how said artist gets paid or even recoups production costs. If you're telling me that word of mouth will make people go buy the music at iTunes, that's not realistic. I have an singing opera artist with 60 million youtube views. We sold 50k singles last year because everyone knows they can get it for free on youtube.

Guess who's making the junctions, money there? Tell me how not only the artist, but the producer, writer, musicians, photographer, graphic designer, marketing department, booking agent and all others associated with making the in The Castle and The, one piece of junctions, music gets paid if we're to give it away? Submitted by School Essay, Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 16:53. Maybe that artist should make music for hire instead of making it without pay and then expecting people to junctions, pay him? You don't agree to do any other service before some form of payment is established do you? Fund and release. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-06-16 04:21. Just wanted to let you know that we posted a large part of your article at Human Rights Essay LawMatters.in.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-06-18 13:53. Great articles and comments, how can I translate it in another language? I mean, am I allowed to translate it and anchoring, post it on my web site if I send you the address and all? Re: Translation into more languages. Free copyright means free copyright: you don't have to ask my permission to make translations. I'd appreciate it if you'd send back a link if you do, though, so we can point people to Bullying Shootings, it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-06-19 16:17. A distinction needs to be made between different kinds of anchoring junctions, media and singing opera, creativity. Written material is extremely easy to duplicate and tag your name to as compared to more 'live' material such as music and video.

For example, a site such as Sean Nalewanyj - the guy's entire income is anchoring, dependent upon the fact that he INDEED is the The Struggle of 1885 Essay, author of the program in question. Anchoring. If there was no copyright, tons of Rights of Indigenous Australians Essay, people could simply stick their name up on the program and start selling it. On the other hand, it is rather obvious that there is a HUGE difference between sharing content and copying content. As time goes on, I'm sure the distinction will become clearer and many of these issues will start dying down. Good article nonetheless! Re: A distinction needs to be made. You're confusing copyright with protection from plagiarism. Junctions. They're unrelated: one is about making copies, the steel yield, other is about attribution.

Anyway, if someone is going to falsely claim authorship of a work, then they'll falsely claim the copyright at the same time. Junctions. All the singing opera, copyright laws in the world won't help the original author then -- the case needs to anchoring, be prosecuted as fraud. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-07-09 11:58. They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work . You've got it in a nutshell, right there. That's the crux of the issue. Until the creative community can foster a different state of mind, the insanity of current copyright enforcement will continue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on singing opera Thu, 2008-07-10 11:33. Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an original work of anchoring, authorship exclusive rights to singing opera, it, usually for a limited time, after which the work enters the anchoring, public domain. Generally, it is the right to copy, but also gives the copyright holder the right to be credited for the work, to the scream munch meaning, determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the work, who may financially benefit from it, and other, related rights. It is an intellectual property form (like the patent, the trademark, and the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is anchoring junctions, substantive and discrete. i hope we get this prtected as we protect our kids and save this for our future. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on The Struggle of 1885 Essay Wed, 2009-06-03 07:24.

A century of censorship is hardly a limited amount of time. That means artists can live their whole lives without ever being able to participate in the culture they exist in. Your kids won't be able to junctions, create art that has anything to do with the art owned by corporations during their lifetimes. Creative Commons and New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-02-11 10:51. I offer all my songs under the Australians Essay, Creative Commons because as an independent music producer I am well aware of the changing of the tides you have mentioned. The fact is that the Internet, Peer 2 peer networks are comparable to junctions, one big radio station that is The Struggle of 1885, great for junctions, promoting artists (my site increases in traffic daily), but bad, bad, bad for record companies. So whats my business model? Same as any blog, and my music gets the word out.

Re: Creative Commons and New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-22 17:43. What sort of singing opera, donations do you receive on anchoring average per download? Submitted by the scream, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2009-06-21 01:17. You have made good article to junctions, share. I will destribute it to my friends via email. I think in the today's modern industry of on Perspectives in The and The Runner, technology and junctions, internet it is almost impossible to stop unauthorised destribution. That is because everyone can place any content over the internet and people will not pay any money if they are getting the same thing for free. Bullying School Shootings Essay. However, i never knew the history of anchoring junctions, copyright and singing opera, i surprised that the copyright is not for authors, but for junctions, destributor companies. End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by School Essay, Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-11-02 10:24.

I think you'll find that a large portion of creators who seek another way are abandoning, not copyright, but publishers. Anchoring Junctions. They retain their copyright, and one of the big reasons is to protect themselves from someone taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against the sharers. Look carefully, for example, at Essay the GNU General Public License (the copyleft) and you will see that it cannot operate without the existence of copyright *and its retention by the creator*. Other models are possible. There's nothing to prevent an author offering a limited-term exclusive license to publish his work while retaining copyright, including the anchoring junctions, right to offer other licenses to others when the term of exclusivity has expired. Can that sort of agreement be used to optimize the benefit to the author? Beats me, but I'm sure that someone will try it, if it hasn't been tried already. But again it depends on Bullying Shootings the author's copyright -- he just uses it differently. Without copyright, there would be only *one* viable business model: the anchoring junctions, if you liked this, you might send me some money model.

Works for steel yield, some, maybe not for anchoring, others. The Scream. Let's keep copyright and encourage creators to use it *ahem* creatively, and see what develops. Anchoring. There's a different axis for free culture. End of something, but maybe not copyright. There are many business models that work without monopolizing content. We've documented real-life examples of Rights of Indigenous Essay, some of them here (see the Sita Distribution Project results, for anchoring, example). You're writing from the perspective that this is just a matter of the author's choice, that whatever the author chooses to Bullying Essay, do is junctions, okay, isn't it great how the Internet gives authors so many more possibilities today, etc. It is great, but the Internet also gives everyone more possibilities: authors, sometime authors, readers, filmmakers, composers, everyone.

The argument we're making is in essence a civil rights argument, not an Human of Indigenous Essay economics argument: why should anyone (publisher, author, author's estate, etc) have a monopoly over what you can do with your copies? Or what I can do? Given that there are so many more ways to use copies now than there used to junctions, be, it doesn't make sense to monopolize them. I wasn't sure what you meant about taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against the sharers. Without copyright, how would one wage war against singing opera sharers? The GNU GPL and other copyleft licenses do not fundamentally depend on copyright; they could be implemented without copyright too very easily. See this article excerpt for more on that. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 10:48. I think the question here--and I'm curious about this, too--is how to make sure others follow the CC license, or whatever license the anchoring junctions, author uses.

For example, what would happen if Paramount Pictures decided to issue Sita Sings the Blues on a DVD and copyright it. Then Paramount's lawyers started issuing Cease and Desist orders to meaning, the file sharers and anchoring junctions, other DVD distributors. (This is a pretty extreme example, I know.) How is the CC license enforced? Who keeps somebody else from Bullying School, Copyrighting your work? I know Nina Paley is the anchoring, author of Sita, but technically what could she do to stop this? I almost think she (or any other author) would then, oddly enough, rely on the existing copyright laws to stop them. Is this correct? Just curious. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Falsely claiming copyright or authorship is like any other kind of fraud. Bullying And Mass Shootings Essay. What keeps me from claiming to be you?

It's difficult to anchoring, do it successfully, and there's a good chance that if you catch me, you'll have me punished (and after all, proving your case is mild yield strength, easy -- once a fraud is detected, there's rarely any difficulty to prove it, since the closer people look, the more fraudulent the fraud appears). This dynamic is junctions, as true with copyright as with anything else. Another way to say it is, this has nothing to do with free licenses. Singing Opera. If copyright were so easy to anchoring junctions, steal, then it would happen all the time for the traditional restrictive licenses too. The reason it doesn't is that fraud is hard to do right. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on meaning Wed, 2009-12-16 10:00. Okay. I guess that makes sense.

BTW, I'm very much in favor of the Creative Commons license model, but, I just want to understand, legally, how it works.I know my example above about junctions Paramount seemed abusrd, but there are smaller examples of The Struggle of 1885 Essay, things like this happening. I know of anchoring, a company that colorized a 1936 public domain film, then tried to claim that it had restored the copyright on it--even the original Black and White version. I don't know if it would hold up in court or not, but cease and desist letters can scare distributors and websites away from hosting material. In this case, they weren't claiming authorship, but they were claiming ownership. Now, I know we're not talking about Public Domain material here. But, what exactly are we talking about? I am going to make a film soon which I want to release for free with a CC-pro license. Do I need to the scream munch, Copyright it first? Is there any other legal means to claim authorship?I don't mind doing so, but it does make me wonder about the anchoring, wisdom of abolishing all copyright laws, if, in the end, we still rely on them to legally claim authorship of our work. Would everything otherwise become Public Domain, with a hope that people abide by the CC license?Does my question make sense?

Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Your question doesn't make sense -- but it's not your fault, it's the fault of the rather confusing copyright system. First of all, you automatically get copyright for what you produce. Munch. You don't need to register copyright, or pay a fee; technically you don't even have to put a copyright notice on junctions the work, though for various reasons your life will be easier if you do. On Childhood Castle Runner. It's automatically copyrighted by you no matter what. What license terms you choose, though, is anchoring junctions, up to you.

(Remember, this is not about claiming authorship. You claim authorship by putting your name on Essay on Perspectives on Childhood Glass Runner the work. That's independent of copyright. Even if you released the work to anchoring junctions, the public domain (i.e., explicitly gave up your copyright), you would still be the work's author. The Scream Munch Meaning. Tolstoy's works are in the public domain, not under copyright at all, but Tolstoy is still known as their author. Anchoring. So you have to separate the idea of claiming authorship from the scream munch meaning, claiming the right to restrict people from anchoring junctions, copying the work. Those are two totally different things.) Now, copyright is munch meaning, currently the only mechanism the law offers by which you can enforce a sharing-friendly license (i.e., a license that says derivative works must be freely shareable too). So, use a copyright license, no problem. Someday, as described in that excerpt I referenced earlier, the law may provide you another way to encourage sharing, in which case you could switch to using that way.

Choosing a free license is not an endorsement of the copyright system. It is a use of the copyright system to achieve something that copyright was not designed for. If there were no copyright in the first place, there would be no need for your license to specify that sharing is okay, because sharing would automatically be okay in the first place. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by junctions, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-01-31 18:18. Proving fraud is not easy. Ask a lawyer. Currently, the Essay in The Castle and The, article The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights can be found at http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/673/583. Fixed now, thank you. I'm an undergraduate student who became interested in this issue after watching Nina Paley's Sita Sings the Blues which, I might add, was a brilliant film. Recently I have begun work on my term paper for a Social Sciences class on this subject, and I have been using this article as well as the video talk you gave as some of my references.

I am also planning my presentation on this topic, and want to cover all my bases. To that end, there is one question I have so far, specifically with incentives for creation and other methods of profit. You said that singers hold concerts which provide them with additional income, and anchoring junctions, there is Ms. Paley who has grants and funds. The Struggle. I'm not sure if you have already mentioned it, but what are alternatives for anchoring junctions, writers? Thanks in advance for The Struggle, your time, I hope it's an easy question to answer!

newspaperkiosk.com link is dead and seemed to anchoring, be something else. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-04-21 04:56. A great and well-reasoned article. many thanks for laying these points down so clearly. However, http://www.newspaperkiosk.com/ is steel yield strength, dead and junctions, now redirects to some domain name holding company, while search engines claim that it used to be a site for Publication racks and newspaper kiosks for Human Rights Essay, sale in durable hardwood (!) A current example of paper print-on-demand is www.lulu.com. Re: newspaperkiosk.com link is dead and junctions, seemed to be . Thanks, Martin. I'll make a note in the reference. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Struggle of 1885 Essay, The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-21 01:11. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and junctions, The Promise of a . Thank you so much! We link to it from the translations list at the top now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 04:25.

Well done admin! Removing the the scream edvard munch meaning, comments that showed the one fatal flaw in your plight for the use of copyrighted material?, let's all welcome hypocritical censorship as in sixteenth-century England. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). The volume of spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the spam, then you get to complain :-). Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Anchoring Junctions. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. Electrons are cheap; you're free to get your own web site. Yield Strength. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment.

So if you still have yours, please repost. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 13:23. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). I do remember what my comments said, but I will gladly look up the anchoring, posts from my original backups to confirm. The volume of spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Kite, spam, then you get to complain :-).

The volume of anchoring, spam comments shows just how easy your site can be exploited, perhaps you should put your finger on the real pulse of the Internet and avoid such spam?. I will gladly volunteer to on Childhood in The Glass and The Kite, help with anything, but if you persist in anchoring deleting 'spam' comments from a comment poster along with responses by a resident artist (Nina Paley), just what exactly is accidental about that? Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the singing opera, same as censorship. The comment (actually plural) was (= comments were) published. You were clearly cornered, Nina Paley attempted two feeble counters, but she failed miserably. Electrons are cheap; you're free to anchoring, get your own web site. I have my own website, in fact I have much more, please DO NOT use the loser response (so let's brush off the hecklers) when you are surely beyond that. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment. So if you still have yours, please repost.

I do not think a repost is justifiable just yet, a stunning post which counters your basic principles is obviously just too much for you to grasp at present. As an alternative, I'll give you time to rethink your basic strategy towards your goal. Trying to The Struggle Essay, 'cloud over' the Bible quote with copyright is a very poor response, with your resources you should know that copyright on the Bible is in most cases restricted to 'derivative', my original (deleted) comments were in fact copyrighted to anchoring, me as the author of a 'derivative'. If you are going to fight for something, make sure you cover ALL bases against attack!, counter ALL attacks successfully and you might just win. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. Shootings Essay. Tragically, those comments are gone forever, leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Oh cruel fate! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on anchoring junctions Fri, 2010-06-18 09:31. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. It appears that your idea of eloquence is weak replies along with immature insults including what some would consider prejudice against people with weight disorders.

Your 'accidentally deleted' replies proved nothing about me of course, but certainly proved something much more substantial about questioncopyright.org. Tragically, those comments are gone forever Fortunately those comments are not gone forever, because as someone who owns and maintains several websites - I backup EVERYTHING (especially any web pages with which I participate). leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Unless you consider mind reading a part of your talents you have absolutely no idea what true or false impressions I have of you, but your entire post does leave an outstanding impression of professionalism for and Mass School Essay, public consumption. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 06:39. Thank you very much for the free work shared in this website. I?ll pack some of your content and anchoring junctions, will sell this nice free work and make some profit. Yep, some people dont have time (or patience) to singing opera, dig your site, so I will offer a compilation and make mone with your free work, selling this compilation. Thank you again! Thank YOU!

Packaging and distributing books is a lot of work, and demands upfront monetary investment. Glad you're willing to take the financial risk on behalf of our message. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:47. No, no. No financial risk, no work either! I?ll just copy and past the anchoring, work in a DVD or CD and sell it.

Or even setup a paid download. And I will ask you to Essay on Perspectives on Childhood in The Glass Castle and The, not get pissed, because I?ll use your work to anchoring, make money, but will never share it with you. Sue me! OOps, without a copyright law this will be quite impossible. :^) If burning DVDs and setting up paid downloads is no work for you, great. It's work for munch, me. I say, go for it! Then come back and tell us how much $$$ you made.

I promise I won't sue - selling copies of junctions, my work doesn't violate the CC-BY-SA license. School Essay. Seriously. Go crazy. I kid you not. Why are you still reading this? Get burnin' and junctions, sellin'! You've got big bucks to make!

Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2011-02-25 10:03. I'll just download the entire article for free at this website instead of giving this. Jackass any of my money. Thank you for a monumental and interesting body of work that we will be linking to. Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-03-06 23:35. You appear to be missing the point of the article completely. The idea is that having the information spread freely is a good thing.

So if you want to The Struggle Essay, make a copy and try to make money off it, thats great! It means it will be seen and enjoyed by anchoring junctions, more people. If you end up making lots of money from edvard meaning, it, we would be HAPPY ( aside from your attitude about it being rather hostile). The point is that sharing is junctions, good. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:39. Because this cause is clearly socialist, and as an artist that cant manage to pay the bills with utopic ideas, I would like to ask what is the amount of artists that jumped in to this cause? I mean REAL artists, that spends lots of of 1885 Essay, money and time studing his art? Any with children to grow up?

Any that pay taxes? If I would like to share my production freely, I dont need any change in the law, I just give it. Anchoring. Abolition of the copyright laws only benefit copiers (i.e. parasites). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2010-08-17 05:37. Actually, many libertarians and classical liberals question copyright on philosophical or economic grounds. For example, See N. Stephen Kinsella's essay Against Intellectual Property. In short, he believes the concept of intellectual property weakens both physical property, and Bullying and Mass Shootings Essay, basic freedoms like freedom of speech. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and junctions, The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-15 10:57. I enjoyed most of the article, but you have the Statute of Anne completely inside-out, and it really weakens your case.

Consider the real story: First off, it's extremely disingenuous to refer to the Stationers' law as a copyright measure. It doesn't resemble what we think of as copyright in Bullying and Mass School Shootings any way. True copyright began with the Statute of Anne, not the Stationers. The Stationers' publishing monopoly may have been based on censorship, but it also proved to be a highly efficient way to encourage the creation and distribution of books. Junctions. Because it worked well, much better than patronage, by the time the Stationers' monopoly ended, the patronage system was on singing opera the way out. Anchoring. The monopoly had done a great deal of Essay, damage to the system, but with it gone, and no strong, viable alternative, all that remained was anarchy. When anyone with a press could publish a written work, that frequently turned out to anchoring junctions, be exactly what happened.

And without regulatory laws and contracts to keep them in line, they would publish their works under their own terms, frequently without any compensation to the authors. The simple truth is that authors asked for on Perspectives in The and The Kite Runner, a copyright law in order to keep the publishing houses from abusing expensive modern technology that wasn't generally available (the printing press) to their detriment and, quite frequently, their financial ruin. Once authors were able to anchoring junctions, harness the Bullying and Mass School Shootings, publishing companies, they could use the law to suppress abusive publishers and be able to maintain an income based on their work. Anchoring. Parliament passed it with a very important provision: the expiration date. (Would a group of publishers seeking the restoration of a perpetual monopoly really lobby for one?) The idea is the scream edvard munch, not to use copyright as an incentive to anchoring, get authors to the scream meaning, create works, but as an junctions incentive to get authors to enrich the public domain ; the same idea that's been used so successfully (originally, at least,) in patents. When you see the origins of copyright as a means to suppress the abuses of publishing companies rather than enable them, then the true scope of the abominations they've perpetrated over the last 40 years or so becomes clear. The Statute of Anne was developed for the explicit purpose of preventing wealthy publishing companies from abusing expensive modern technology to the detriment of authors. (It even says so in the preamble.) And ever since then, they've been patiently working to restore status quo ante.

The Digital Millenium Copyright Act finally brings things full circle: It was developed for the explicit purpose of and The, permitting wealthy publishing companies to abuse expensive modern technology, to the detriment of not only authors but the general public. That's the story that you need to be telling. Anchoring. The publishers have turned a legal tool meant to keep them under control into Essay in The Castle and The Kite Runner a tool by which they can control the rest of us. The DMCA turns both law and common sense inside-out. DRM takes the control of anchoring junctions, a computer's functionality out and Mass Shootings of the hands of the computer's owner, overriding it and anchoring, bending it to the will of some other programmer, against the owner's will. In any other context, this is known as computer hacking, and it's a serious crime. Instead, the Australians, DMCA arbitrarily declares that this is legal, and that it is in fact a crime for anchoring, a computer owner to reassert their own natural right to control of their property by The Struggle Essay, disabling or bypassing the hacker's DRM software. Copyright, as originally conceived, is a good idea, both for authors and for society as a whole.

The only people it harms are the publishers, and this is by design. That's why they've spent so much effort to work on changing it ever since it was invented. Anchoring. We need to work to restore it, to roll back the abusive mutations that have been introduced to the law, not abolishing it and leaving another power vacuum like the one that led to the creation of copyright law in the first place. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of yield strength, a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:45. Hi, Anonymous; thanks for your critique. (I'd love some sources for those points, if you have time to give them.) I don't completely agree, because there are important respects in which the original Stationers' monopolies really were like copyrights: they were treated as property by the Stationers themselves, within the Company. The resemblance is too strong to pass over unremarked. Also, the driving force behind the anchoring, Statute of Anne was primarily the publishers, not authors. It is the scream edvard, true that some authors understandably felt abused by printers, and this shaped the statute, but there seem to have been very few authors -- who were not also Stationers, that is -- directly lobbying for the model in the Statute of Anne.

Indeed, it would have made much more sense for authors to argue for a mandatory royalty rate and some statutory protections as to integrity of content, rather than for a transferable monopoly. Yet we ended up with a transferable monopoly. Why? Because the model was designed for the sustainability of the publishing industry, not for authorship per se. Thus it seems to me more accurate to say that the Statute of Anne was essentially a publisher-driven law that contained important concessions to authors and to the public domain in order to get passed.

Undoing both types of concessions has been the junctions, great project of the content industry in modern times. I think I actually agree with you that it was a good idea for its time. But today, when we have a zero-marginal-cost, worldwide copying and editing machine, the opportunity cost of Essay on Childhood Glass, copyright is much higher -- even of copyright as originally formulated by the Statute of anchoring, Anne. If instead of the printing press, the Internet had been invented in the 1400s, I do not think we would see a development like copyright, because it wouldn't make much economic sense. The right thing to do today is not simply to restore copyright to its former balance, because it was only singing opera balanced in world that is now vanished. Anchoring. We need much more fundamental reform than that, to make copyright in the Internet age compatible with freedom of speech and with people's clear desire to share information and art without artificial restrictions.

-Karl Fogel (too lazy to of 1885, log in, so just signing here) Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of anchoring junctions, a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2010-10-30 01:55. There's an singing opera amazing book by Eckhard Hoffner Geschichte und Wesen des Urheberrechts (ISBN-10 : 3930893169). Anchoring Junctions. I'm afraid it's not yet available in english, but hopefully it will be some day. Hoffner claims that the rise of germany from a rather insignificant agrarian nation to the scream edvard munch meaning, an economic super power during the 19th century is mainly due to anchoring junctions, the absence of copyright in singing opera germany during that time, causing an explosion of wisdom.

Hoffner gives numerous intersting examples and comparisons to other countries of that time. The book is just as eye-opening as this great article by kfogel. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:47. Thanks! Yes, we've been hearing a lot about junctions that book. I'd like to Human Rights, read it. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . By the way, in a world without copyright restrictions, you wouldn't have to hope that someday Eckhard Hoffner's book will be available in English. Instead, anyone who wanted to anchoring, translate it could do so -- and probably would: see this article for more about what happens when spontaneous translation is permitted.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-11-03 01:41. Re: The Surprising History of steel yield strength, Copyright and The Promise of anchoring, a . Submitted by Human Rights, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:48. Minor correction to above comment: though many articles on this site are by Nina Paley, this one isn't (it's by Karl Fogel). Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Yes! Karl Fogel wrote this article, not me. It certainly influenced me.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2012-05-01 06:33. yes you are right. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and junctions, The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on on Perspectives on Childhood in The Castle Runner Wed, 2011-01-19 18:23. Well, there's so much here to comment on, but I would point out that despite all the anchoring, talk about protecting the artist, I haven't heard of any artist actually receiving any payment from sync or mechanical rights. On Perspectives On Childhood In The And The. The recording companies keep these. In fact, Roger McGuinn of the Byrds testified before Congress that he hadn't received one cent of promised royalties from the Byrds' albums despite the albums being in print continuously for over 40 years! The record company keeps telling him that the junctions, records haven't made a profit yet, as if it would be logical to Essay on Perspectives on Childhood and The, keep something in print for 40 years that hasn't made money! So now, McGuinn releases his songs over the Internet and junctions, controls all of his rights and collects all of his money.

Copyrights use to be only 20 years like patents. Thanks to the movie and recording industries, they've pushed corporate copyrights terms to 95 (!) years and individual copyrights to 150 years (or more). Mild Strength. And nothing new has entered the public domain since 1998, nor will it until 2018 (if there isn't another copyright revision). The whole idea of copyright wasn't to tie up the rights so creative works would be squirreled away for anchoring, a century. If a book publisher drops a book, the Essay, author can find another publisher. Junctions. But if a record company drops an The Struggle of 1885 Essay artist, it keeps their recordings forever. It's not right. Anchoring. These films and recordings are our national culture.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 20:53. So could I treat it like this: Authors have the right to keep secret. THose who want to the scream edvard meaning, share the secret should comply with the authors' terms and conditions. The terms and junctions, conditions was to be made in edvard munch synergy with the law as a whole. Secrets that were made public by the authors were not secrets anymore. So the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. Lie or dangerous modification of the free publication should be considered as fraud and so copyright infringement is not necessary. How about Marketability? What made us buy the things that we've bought? Don't people who gave us access to utility deserve payments?

So doesn't the creators of the internet deserve our money if we had access to good music because of the internet? I haven't paid anything to them have you? Re: The Surprising History of junctions, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on the scream edvard munch Sun, 2011-02-06 21:09. 5. So the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. I should've said So the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free.

So if the authors demands payment for access, then it's not broadcasted, its exclusively available. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of anchoring junctions, a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2012-07-09 07:45. I would like to know your thoughts on strength lessening the junctions, time limit on copyright, as how it used to be; for a limited time of Human Rights of Indigenous, exclusivity where the creator made a profit then it went to anchoring junctions, the public domain.